tv BBC World News America PBS October 13, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
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narror: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; puuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and n, "bbc world news". >> i am laura n washington and this is bbc world news america. as the world supply chain is clogged and prices are rising, president biden tries to fix the backlog in deliveries by opening a key port 20 47. trees -- 20 47. -- president putin says europe
has only itself to ame for soaring energy prices. forgotten children of islamic state, a special report from icam in syria where families of the foreign fighters are being held. >> 2, 1. >> and star trek's william shatner makes history as the oldest person ever to go into space. ♪ laura: welcome to world news america on pbs in around the globe. we begin with the global supply chain. it is struggling and pushing prices higher. consumers find it harder to get imported goods. this began during the pandemic as online shopping surged and in the u.s. with the holidays coming, president biden worries americans won't be able to get
what they want and this could affect economic growth. he tried to address the problems in the supply chain. here's the issue. thousands of shipping containers stuck on cargo ships off the california coast unable to dock and be unloaded because of the massiv backlog. president biden announced that the port of los angeles will start to operate 24 hours a day. he said major american companies including walmart have agreed to move goods around-the-cloc here is mr. biden speing. pres. biden: today's announcement has the potential to be a game changer. i say potential because all of these goods will not move by themselves. for the positive impact to be felt all across the country and by all of you at home, we need major retailers who order the goods and the freight dealers -- move who took the ships from the factories and stores to step up as well.
laura: joining us for more is the bbc's michelle fleury. president biden is trying to fix the goebel supply chain. can he do that by opening one l.a. port around the clock? >> look, this port and another just on the coat -- coast is responsible for 1% of all container ships that come into the united states -- 40% of all container ships that come into the united states so does make a difference. it brings it in line with other countries where ports are open 24 hours a day. the idea is to believe pressure on congestion but here the thing. they're trying to get creative in solving this problem, but some of it requires time. there is a shortage of truck drivers, they are trying to speed up the process for getting truck drivers licenses for new drivers but that is tough. ports have had a shortage of workers or people not showing up their shift. does moving to 24/7 so that? we
don't know but this is an attempt to address it. laura: in the u.s., inflation was up mor than 5% compared to september this must year. how will this affect economic growth? >> we just had the international fund put out their economic outlook for the globe, and one thing they did in their most recent report was downgrade their growth forecast for the united states. the big risk they see is inflation, it is rising prices because thproblems in the supply chain are taking longer to resolve than anyone anticipated and all of this is part of a side effect or symptom of an econo rebounding and the strong demand w are seeing from consumers. laura: the world is running
short of absolutely everything, from wood to computer chips. how long will it take for the supply-side issues that started with the pandemic to resolve? could it be months, years? >> i think we are talking months, apple has said it is weeks behind when it comes to deliveries for its ipad pro and other computers because of semiconductors. i was looking at a chart that showed the average wait time for semiconductors is 20 weeks at thmoment. you're differently talking months, not weeks. economists think things will improve next year. in the meantime, for those worried about the holidays, you typically see some shortages of the hot toy of the year, perhaps we will see more than usual but people should not worry sincerely that christmas is canceled. -- necessarily that christmas is canceled. laura: don't worry is the
message, you will get your pumpkins and christmas decorations eventually. as i speak admits that toasters and sneakers are in short supply, in europe, countries are seeing different shortages, gas prices skyrocketing. the price of gas in europe has risen by more than 2050 percent since january and eyes are on moscow. -- 230% since moss -- 250% since january and eyes are on moscow. today president putin denied allegations that he is using the russian energy supply as a political weapon against the west. he says europe's energy woes are their own fault. steve rosenberg has more. >> in the run-up to this energy conference and they have had over the last few weeks, russia has faced accusations that his -- it has been contributing to europe's gas crisis, forcing prices up for political reasons by not supplying additional
volumes of gas to europe. president putin denied that, when asked if russia is using energy as a weapon he denied it, saying thoselaims are rubbish, politically motivated tittle title. he blamed europe and said europeans had not pumped sufficient volumes of gas into sortie -- storage facilities after a cold winter. he talked about the shortfall of power for renewab energy because winds were not growing -- lowering so strongly across europe. he said that was pary responsible so as usual, russia denies it has anything to do with the problem in europe. laura: steve rosenberg in moscow. as europe clamors for natural gas, a report by the international energy agency warns that the world is too dependent on fossil fuels. calling for trillions to be spent on clean energy. ahead of the lemon summit in
scotland next month, the head of the agency tells the bbc it is up to the government to incentivize clean power. courtney has more. >> less of this and more this. the international energy agency says we need to drastically change the way we generate energy. glasgow is preparing to welcome world leaders this month for a crucial climate summit as they try to limit the rise in will temperatures to 1.5 degrees above preindustrial levels. for that target to be met, bending on clean energy product -- projects much desk must reach $4 trillion globally. >> there is no problem in terms of this and in europe and north america, clean energy project and the capital we need. the issue is emerging countries. >> the pandemic has hindered efforts to cut down on oil and
coal and the world is on track to record the second largest increase in emissions in history. it comes as energy prices hit record highs and there are warnings of further price hikes to come. >> since the paris agreement was signed nearly six years ago, nearly $3.8 trillion have gone into fossil fuel companies, coal, oil and gas from just 60 banks. the money is flowing in the wrong direction. we need to step up our investments in renewables in climate solutions and quickly phasing out investments in fossil fuels and the energy systems of the old. >> the iea says renewable energy spending the paper itself and create 26 million jobs by 2030. laura: in norway, climate activists are taking the government t court trying to stop an increase in drilling for fossil fuels. but norwegian officials are
moving ahead, announcing a new round of bidding for contract exploring oil reserves. our rope correspondent has traveled tthe northernmost county of norway to see how the politics of climate change are dividing the scandinavian country. >> beside the fjords of northernmost norway, they form their own arctic circle of solidarity. climate change campaigners have traveled from across the country and set up camp to stop the opening of a cobalt mine. they say it would do more damage to an environment already under severe threat. ♪ >> she is one of norway's biggest young stars. a winner of their x factor style competition. >> the climate crisis is definitely here and it has started and is for medical ready. >> she is one of six young norwegians taking her government to the european court of human
rights, arguing plans to drill for mo oil is deiving them of their future. >> i do believe that norway has a big part of the responsibility to solve the climate crisis because we have been such a big oil producer. >> scientists say these are already the scars of climate change in norway. hotter conditions have attracted months which estimate trees in their path. >> we don't want this fish in the river. >> warmer rivers mean pink or humpback salmon are thriving where they should not be, carry disease and are a threat to the native atlantic salmon so many of us eat. other changes are more striking. they call these the norwegian alps. but the ice in this municipality is melting, contributing to rising sea levels. >> in 1998, the glacier reached
all the way back to here. but in just four years, it had retracted where i'm standing now. and in the years that followed, the ice continued to melt and you can see what has happened. so much has been lost in just 23 years. a landscape redrawn. >> norway is a country of contradictions. most cars sold here are electric, the vast majity of domestic energy used is renewable. yet it continues to produce billions of barrels of oil as well as gas, billions of barrels blamed for damaging the planet. but not all young norwegians have the same perspective, he had his family rely o oil production for his family.
it drilling stopped, he would fear for their future. >> probably my children are also going to work at the same place as i do. it is very important. we don't have any other place to work. >> so if jobs were lost in companies were to close, what would that mean for you and your family, your community? >> it would be a city with no industry and nothing. >> this new generation of climate activists will have to increase -- convince the norwegian government to give up the addiction to oil and any opinion court ruling could be years away. campaigners will keep appealing to the world's conscience to protect the planet and their future. nick beake, bbc news norway. laura: in other newsund the world, chile's opposition has begun impeachment against the
president, accusing him of corruption as he was mentioned in the linked pandora papers. the president says there was no conflict of interest in the sale of a mine owned by his family in 2010, denying involvement. u.s. secretary of state antony blinken says washington is prepared to turn other options if tehran does not change course over its nuclear program. mr. blinken says time is running out for them to comply with the nuclear deal. talks have been stalled since the iranian president took office in august. u.s. land borders to mexico and canada will reopen ta vaccinated travelers next month. it has been closed since march 2020. last month, the white house announced that fully vaccinated international air travelers could come to the u.s. starting november, ending the so-called travel ban t no date has been announced. we have had lots of reporting
about families of foreign fighters for islamic state who are being held in camps in northern syria. now, kurdish officials running's camps have been urging countries to take back their people. many are refusing, seeing thousands of wives and children as a security risk. as we discovered at one camp, families of fighters are being separated and attacked by other inmates. >> the islamic state group may have been defeated on the battlefield but here in the camps, it's brutal ideology lives on, killings are common, weapons are smuggled in, people smuggled out. and children are at risk of dicalization. so when boys reach idolization --adolescence, they are moved to detention centers alone. >> i miss my mom. i miss my family. >> he is 10 years old.
s mother and younger siblings are all has left. his father, and i.s. fighter was killed in an airstrike. the mother brought him here from the caribbean island of trinidad. >> i went to i.s., but i did not go to become a terrorist. >> there were people who came to join ijaz and realized quickly what it was about, it's brutality -- i.s. and realized quickly what it was about, the brutality. they decided to return what you stayed until the end. >> it is difficult to leave because i don't have passport. i am just one woman and two children trying to move. we are constantly on the move trying. >> little is being done to bring them back. countries like sweden, germany and belgium have brought back some citizens, while others have only repatriated children, and
the orphans. the adults are seen as a security threat. that is because i.s. killed thousands, among them kurdish men and women buried in this cemetery. the lives of women and children in the camps is challenging but there is little something for them from the families of those who were killed by islamic state group and its foreign fighters. their grief is raw as this woman mourns her son, one of countless kurds killed during a decade of civil war. and this growing frustration that the response ability for detaining i.s. famils -- response ability for attaining eyes families falls on them. kurdish officials have this dire warning. >> there are daily killings, they are training the children in isis ideology, it is an
international problem, the international community is not taking response ability. if he keeps going like this, we will face a disaster we will not be able to deal with. >> but while countries decide what to do, children are trapped here. >> i go to school, i read, i have my mom, i have my sisters. >> there are fears they are wasting away. the many hopes of a brighter future at home are fading. bbc news. laura: the forgotten families. you're watching bbc world news america, still to come on the program, farewell to the final fighter of the french resistance against nazi pupation --
occupation, france place tribute to hubert jermaine who died at age 101. laura: the european commission has outlined plans to reduce tension with britain over how brexit is affecting northern ireland, slashing redtape and reducing checks on goods between the british mainland and the province. >> this was an attempt by e.u. and u.k. negotiators during the withdrawal process to try avoid the hard customs border after brexit between northern ireland, which was leaving the eu with the rest of the uted kingdom, and the republic of ireland which is an eu estate. to put a hard border there was thought to be a threat to the northern ireland peace process so the eu said to avoid customs here, northern ireland can remain for practical purposes in the single market for goods. the u.k. says it has tried this
version of the protocol and it is not working, so they have demanded a rewrite. they will give a few weeks of this next round of negotiations. both sides would prefer a mutually agreed solution. ♪ laura: we turn to the death of the last living recipient of france's order of precipitation -- the palace decided described hi as a figurehead of free france. the bbc's tim allman has been looking at his life. >> as troops look onward toward paris, and announcement from the capital brings the great news, paris is limited. >> after four long years, paris is free once again.
general de gaulle leading the french and allied troops in retaking the city, for most of the war, it was the men and women of the resistance who defied nazi occupation. among the number, bear sharma -- hubert jermaine seen with president macron last year. amen who, when preparing to take exams to enter the french military, decided he would never follow german orders. >> i thought about it for five minutes and is said to myself, what are you doing here? so i got up and headed back a blank piece of paper. i said i'm not interested, i am off to war. >> as a soldier of the free french forces, he took part in a battle and liberated a port and the city of lyon. he entered politics, becoming a
government minister in the 's. he represented what president macron called the flame of the resistance, which will never be extend wish. he will be buried in the last empty vault at the national middle dutch memorial to french fighters at the second world war. >> remembering hubert jermaine of the french revision -- resistance. galloping the cosmos is a game for the young, said captain kirk in star trek. today the actor, william shatner and into space at the age of 90. he was on jeff bezos's blue origin rocket. he is the oldest person ever to go into space. from texas, sophie long. >> as the sun rose over the most desolate part of the wild west, william shatner made his way to the use -- the new shepard aircraft.
it was with three passengers who would share what the few who've gone beforeay is life-changing. more than 50 years after he first donned a spacesuit as captain kirk, william shatner is on his way to the final frontier. >> and there they are, over 328,000 feet. >> as they crossed the boundary of space, he became the oldest person in the world to float there, weightless and of the actor who for decades played an onic space explorer became e. >> capsule touchdown, welcome back the newest astronauts. >> he emerged from the capsule
visibly moved by the adventure he says he never -- he hopes he never recovered from. back on earth, he told me the beauty of what he had seen was more profound than any words he could find or world record he had broken. >> i wish i had broken the world record in the 100 yard --, but unfortunately it was how old i am. >> would you do it again? >> i'm so filled with such an emotion in a feeling of novel experience, i don't want to dissipate by thinking of another journey. >> thank you. >> there is debate over whether he is an astronaut, but he has gone where no nonagenarian has gone before. laura: beamed up, but not by study. and we leave you with -- scotty. we leave you with the gloves of hogwarts in scotland. tomorrow, the 20 thenniversary
of the first harry potter film, young fans have been learning how to waive one's to wizardly effect with cloaks. -- wait wants with wizardly effect. the premier of harry potter and thphilosopher's stone was held in 2001. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy will work. -- judy. inflation hits record highs as delays in shipments overseas increase prices for everyday goods. we talked with the secretary of commerce gina raimondo. crime and punishment. the supreme court hears the boston marathon bomber case after an appeals court found errors in the original trial. critical shortage. covid-19 exacerbates an already serious lack of nurses in american hospitals especially in rural areas. > before the pandemic, we were facing a nursing workforce shortage. the pandemic was l