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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  October 13, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ ros: i'm ros atkins. the european union has been setting up lands to resolve a disagreement with u.k. over how trade moves into northern ireland. >> today, the commission have proposed a robust package of creative, practical solutions designed to have an island deal with the consequences of brexit. ros: president putin says european countries have only themselves to blame for the high
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energy prices and denies russia is using natural gas as a political weapon. >> that is complete nonsense, rubbish. that is politically motivated. ros: and what we are seeing here is the star trek actor william shatner blasti off into space. once he was back on earth again, he let us know what he thought about it. >> what you have given me is the most profound experience i can imagine. ♪ ros: let's begin by going straight to the white house. president biden is getting a briefing on what he plans to do to address supply chain issues cting america. president biden: and they are generally close down on nights and weekends. by staying open seven days a week through theight and on the weekends, the port of los angeles will open over 60 extra
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hours a week. in total, that will almost double the number of hours that the port is open for business from earlier this year. that means an increase in the hours for workers to be moving cargo off shifts onto trucks or railcars, to get to their destination. more than that, the night hours are critical for increasing the movement of goods because highways are less crowded at night. in fact, during off-peak hours in los angeles, cargo leaves the port at a 25% faster pace than during the day shift. so by increasing the number of late-night hours of operation and opening up for less crowded hours when the goods can move faster, today's aouncement has the potential to be a game changer. i say potential, because all of these goods will not move by themselves. for the positive impact to be
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felt all across the country and by all of you at home, we need major retailerwho ordered the goods, and the freight movers who take the goods from the ships to factories and stores, to step up as well. these prive-sector companies are the ones that hire the trucks and railcars, move the goods. on this score, we have some good news to report as well. today, walmart, our nation's largest tailer, is committing to going a in on moving its products 24/7 from the pts to their stores nationwide. specifically, walmart is committing as much as a 50% increase in the use of off-peak hours over the next several weeks. additionally, fedex and ups, two of our nation's biggest freight movers, are committing today to significantly increase the amount of goods they move at night. fedex and ups are the shippers
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for some of our nation's largest stores, but they also ship for tens of thousands of small businesses across america. their commitment to go all in on 24/7 operations means that businesses of all sizes were get there goods on shells faster and more reliably. accordingly, according to one estimate, together, fedex and ups alone are delivering up to 40% of packages in america. other companies are stepping up as well. they include target, home depot, samsung, that have all committed to ramping up their activities to utilize off-peak hours at the ports. so, the commitment is being made today are a sign of major progress in moving goods from manufacturers to a store or your front door. i want to thank my supply chain disruption task force, which we set up in june, led by
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secretaries buttigieg, ray mondo, and vilsack, and the national director of the council brian deese. thank you for the leadership. i especially want to thank joe for kari. i think joe has done one heck of a job, my special envoy on ports. ros: joe biden talking about addressing the supply chain issues. let's go live to washington. i don't mean to be flippant, but he says he has been working on this since june, and the main idea is to do more at night. some could be thinking, couldn't we have, without a while ago? >> a why has it taken so long to get to this point? but he also said potentially this could be a game changer. this plan of his men which is where basically everything becomes a 24/7 operation, the l.a. port going 24/7, where
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nearly half of america's foreign imports come into, that will help speed things up, but he made the point in saying they need major retailers to step up as well. his point is it has to be on the private sector as well. he mentioned walmart, fedex, ups. he says they are stepping up their game, so fedex and ups, 40% of packages are delivered by them. yes, it has taken some time to get to this point. not quite sure how many meetings they've been having, how difficult it has been, but as he has said, it is not the end of it. it will take so many other factors to get things moving. what was interesting at the start of the speech, he explained what a supply chain was. i wonder if that was the benefit for the american people. here in the u.s., for a lot of
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americans, they ught their goods, they exct them to delivered soon, whether halloween or christmas. it is a complicated thing for him to explain. i think there will be some questions as to what happens next. ros: in terms of the obstacles to the president's plan bei affected, would one of then the labor, finding enough people to work night shifts, antisocial hours in order to support these companies to turn into 20 four hour operations? >> yes, and that is the point he has made. he says it is up to the private sector who hire truck drivers to step up in that respect. it is all well and good living at night, the hiways are clearer, but you need to hire people,nd you to pay them decent wages. one of the big problems in the supply chain not working as it should be is that there is a shortage of labor, not just here
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in the u.s., in the u.k. as well, globally as well. that is going to be another conversation that has to be had. at the moment -- as far as biden is concerned, this is as much as the administration can do so far. press secretary jen psaki said earlier, just before the conference, there is only so much they can do at the federal level. it is down to the companies to step up on their end. ros:hank you. let's turn to another story we have been following through the day. the european union has set up new proposals to solve a continuing post exit trade row. the u.k. is not happy with the way that goods are moving from great and into northern ireland. it once the deal that oversees this to be changed. the european union has operated changes of its own today. here is the european commission vice president. >> the commission has proposed a
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robust package of creating practical solutions designed to have an inordinate island deal with the consequences of brexit while further benefiting from the protocol in eland and northern ireland. if i were to label this proposal solution, i would dub them the package of enhanced opportunities. ros: this is all connected to the northern ireland protocol, negotiated by both sides and signed by both sides, and in theory, a solution to one of the biggest problems that u.k. and eu negotiators faced when they thrashed out brexit. they wanted to avoid a hard border between the republic of ireland in the eu, northern ireland in the u.k.. the solution was keeping northern ireland in the single market for goods, creating a nutrient border between northern ireland and the rest of the u.k.
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what the eu is not proposing is to reduce checks on some products being shipped to northern ireland from great britain. >> imagine you are a northern irish business importing products of animal origin like yogurt, cheese, or chicken from great britain. more than 80% of the identity and physical checks previously required will now be removed. ros: this latest process is happening because the u.k. is not happy with how the northern ireland protocol has worked out in practical terms. but the european union has not responded to the u.k.'s key demand, that the eu withdraw the oversight role that was given to the european court of justice, the eu's highest court. here is the brexit minister outlining the problem yesterday. >> we are being asked to run a full-scale external boundary of the eu through the center of our country, to apply eu law without
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consent, and to have any disputes arising from these arraements settled ultimately in the courts of one of the parties. the way this is happening is disrupting lives, damaging large and small businesses and causing serious turbulence to the institutions within northern ireland. ros: the u.k. both negotiated and signed the northern ireland protocol that it is now not happy with. and there has been frustration about the u.k.'s stance from some within the eu. here is france's former european minister. >> what kind of partnership is it when someone who says yes and then no? we need to have trust. we need to provide citizens, businesses with visibility, predictability, so that they can rely on their political decision-makers. ros: here is more from our european correspondent in brussels. >> i think there is frustration here.
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bear in mind, we are talking about member states, mep's, commissioners, so there might be a wider variet of views. but probably, there has been some concernbout the u.k. approach and this particular demand that you highlighted about the removal of the european court of justice from oversight of the treaty. the european union's view on that ishat if northern ireland will have access to the single market, the single market is ultimately governed by the arbiter of those rules, the european court of justice. as you probably know, the european union put a lot of stock in its rules and laws, and it really seems to be a redline for brussels. it was interesting earlier, when he was talkingarlier at the press conference, he was keen to move away from redlines, but at the moment, both sides seem to have them. ros: isn't there an issue, if
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the european union says you cannot have access to the single market for goods, and if you follow through, there would be a border between northern ireland and the republic of ireland, which is what everyone is trying to avoid. >> i think everyone remains determined to avoid that outcome. the two sides are going to talk intensively. he revealed that he and lord frost will have lunch on friday. we expect a few weeks of intense talks to see where this agreement can go, if they can reach an agreement. but you are right, there would be concerned about the eventual outcome of what you described. at this stage, you are looking at one side saying we want to overhaul the entire treaty, essentially rrite it, have a new, amended protocol, and the other side saying we don't want
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to do that. we want to work within the protocol, treaty and find new flux abilities, as the euroan union would put it. you have two sides that cannot even agree what to do with a bit of paper they are talking about, whether it should be rewtten or flushed out. there seems to be quite a long way to go. ros: breaking news from norway. several people have been killed by a man using a bow and arrow to carry out the attacks. it happened not far from the capital of oslo. reuters is telling us several have been killed and several injured, and that the suspect has been apprehended. we also have a statement from the local police chief who says from the information we had, this person carried out these actions alone. stay with me on "outside source ." in a few minutes, we will talk about this. that is the star trek after william shatner heading into space -- actor william shatner
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heading into space. ♪ apple may slash the number of new iphones it makes this year by up to 10 million. the current global semiconductor shortage is blamed for the drop in production. here is more from our business correspondent. >> coming out of the pandemic, people are demanding more goods than ever. there is pent-up demand but supply cannot keep up. apple is the latest company to say supply chains, issues are causing problems. if you go onto t website and want to buy one of the imac pros , you are told that you will have to wait several months to get delivery. once you go to checkout, you find the delivery date may even be further on down the line. the reason for this is semiconductors. we have talked a lot about that,
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it has had a huge impact on the car industry, with plants having to idle because they don't have a semiconductors to put in new cars. same case for apple. ♪ ros: i'm ros atkins. we are here in the bbc news room. our lead story concerns brexit. the eu is trying to lay out plan to resolve problems with the u.k. about how trade moves into northern ireland. now we have to talk about william shatner. he has gone into space. as you know, he played captain kirk in "star trek," and at 90, has become the oldest person to go into space. he did so in a rocket owned by jeff bezos. it took off in texas. there it goes.
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william shatner was was one of five people on board, one being a former nasa engineer and three executives from different companies. a few minutes later, the parachutes ploy safely. the crew were back on earth 11 minutes after taking off. for three minutes, they experienced weightlessness as they were beyond the boundary of space. not long after touching back down, william shatner spoke to jeff bezos. >> what you have given me is the most profound experience i can imagine. i am so filled with emotion about what just happened. extraordinary. extraordinary. ros: big moment for william shatner, a big moment for star trek fans, too. dr. aaron mcdonald is a physicist but also a science consultant to the star trek franchise. >> you talk about the legacy of star trek, it made them feel
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like they could go to space when they saw the makeup of the bridge 55 years ago. the privatization of space, right now it is reserved for the rich, famous, and well-connected, but things are changing. hopefully we can see that unfold. ros: william shatne may be the oldest to go into space, but he is not the first canadian. canada's most famous astronaut is definitely chris hatfield. here he is on why these flights are important. >> they should look at this technology. it is opening up space commerce like we have never seen before. and not just tourism, but access to space at a much cheaper and hopefully safer level than we have ever seen. that is the significant part of this. it is fun to see bill fly, but the interesting part is how soon we will not just have earth, near space, but we willave an earth-moon economic system coming in the next decades. that is where this is truly
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headed. ros: when the rocket returned to the texas desert, our correspondent was there to watch. >> extraordinary day for the future of space tourism, or blue origin as well. this is only their second flight carrying human passengers. standing here on the ground and people are shouting. we can see in the distance the parachutes which have been deployed. the capsule making its way back to the earth surface. itppears, from where i'm standing, to be moving slowly, but this whole journey lasting less than 11 minutes. remarkable really that you can go up to the edge of space, experience the weightlessness, look back at planet earth, and be back down in less than a quarter of an hour. ros: next, want to talk about the pressure on europe's energy
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supplies. gas is costing as much as five times more than it did a year ago. the context here is that russia provides more than a third of europe's gas and some are accusing it of deliberately restricting supplies. president putin has hit back at that. >> you are talking about accusations that russia uses energy sources as a weapo that is complete nonsense, rubbish. it is politically and though debated, non-justified blatheng. where do we use this weapon? in what conflicts do we participate? as for the economy, that is absolutely out of the question. even in the toughest periods of the cold war, russia fulfilled its contractual obligations and supply gas to europe. ros: president putin was responding to this comment from jo bonner's national security advisor. >> we have been concerned about russia using energy as a tool of coercion and a political weapon.
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we have seen it happen before and we could see it again. ros: let's look at whenergy prices are high in europe. globally, there is a squeeze on the price of natural gas. a cold winter means that stored levels are lower than normal. there is also an increased demand in asia, especially from china, f liquefied natural gas. that has eaten into available supply and the result is this for gas prices, they are heading up. that is hitting fuel bills for households and companies across europe. some argue that russia could and should do more to help. >> russia could be more helpful. our numbers show that russia could easily increase the gas it is sending to europe by 15%. ros: the accusation that russia is restricting supply connects back to the state on company gazprom and the pipeline it has to the eu, called nord stream 2.
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that has been completed but not yet switched on, which some analysts believe is relevant to the supply coming from russia. >> gazprom canarry more supply to europe but refuses to do that, saying that we will do that if you accept gazprom's terms of ndling nord stream 2. very simple. this is pure black male. -- blackmail. ros: there is already a pipelin in place called lord stream 1. nord stream 2 runs alongside it through germany and doubling the supply capacity to europe, but it is waiting final approval from european regulato. russia, for its part, has denied restricting supply in order to create pressure on those regulators to give nord stream 2 the go-ahead. the russian foreign minister has been talking about these issues
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the bbc hardtalk program. >> you could also appointed the words of the deputy and energy minister who said recently that, in his view, european certification of the nord stream 2 pipeline, so that it could actually be used -- we know it's been built -- he says certification for use would definitely cause european soaring gas prices. too many in europe, that sounds like an implicit threat, that if they don't do what you want with regard to nord stream 2, there could be problems ahead of this winter. >> it means that your preferred option would be not to certify, so that prices soar further. i will say that we are talking here on a market that is kept in the hands of those who, through spelling out policies and
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approaches, determine what will happen in the next few weeks and months. we would prefer to have here a bear market. russia isut bears, not bullies. ros: here is the energy analyst. >> it is certainly a problem russia could solve, the entire gas trading market is looking to russia to solve it. there is certainly less gas coming into northwestern europe then pre-covid times. the market is really waiting any day now for some sort of development where we can see volumes tick up, whether th come from ukraine, poland, or the newly completed but not commissioned nord stream 2 pipeline. ros: i was mentioning the era demand because of a cold winter and the demand from asia, but how does the pandemic fit into this?
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>> it is about the fact that we have bounced back globally so quickly, so that means economies, particularly in asia, are stronger and more energy intensive, energy hungry than before. we have that coupled with, as you mentioned, cold weather in russia and europe in the previous winter, which meant these storage sites within the european union and u.k. are much lower than they knew to be this time of year. ros: can you help us put the supply of gas from russia in the context of the overall supply? is europe too reliant on the russians? >> we do consume a lot of russian gas. the point is, where else would we get it from? at the moment, the two sources of flexible supply to europe is either additional russian gas or global lng.
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we have seen over the summer liquefied natural gas is being bought by the asian market, consistently out competing european prices, to attract any spare cargoes that may come out of qatar or narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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