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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 11, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ anchor: i am laura trevelyan in washington. this is "bbc world news america ." as governments grapple with who should get covid booster shots, the world health organization recommends those with compromised immune systems should get an extra dose. inside the world of kim jong-un. a former north korean spies sat down exclusivelyith the bbc and says the north korean leader will never give up trying to
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acquire nuclear weapons. as the nba turns 75, we go to the mecca of street basketball. ♪ laura: welcome to "world new america" on pbs and around the globe. we start with coronavirus and booster shots. as the world waits -- as much of the world waits for a first dose of the vaccine, the w.h.o. says vulnerable people should get a third booster jab. people whose immune systems are compromise have a higher rate of breakthrough infections and ought to get a third jab. they are not recommending boosters for everyone. while it is up to individual governments, the w.h.o. it booster shots should wait until least 40% of the world had
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been given onejab. here is a top expert speaking monday. >> there are a number of people who have a compromised immune system and need a thirdbooster b if you are over 65 or vulnerable. u.s. regulators will look at if boosters of the moderna and johnson & johnson vaccines should be given outs. we are joined by a doctor. welcome to the program. do you think the w.h.o. is recommending boosters because the world has enough supplies of the vaccine? guest: i would like to think they are following the science. i think that is the case. we have known mostly from high
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income country data we see waning immunity amongst lots of populations that is most dangerous to older populations. we also see the immunocompromised need a third shot to be part of the primary series. it is good for the w.h.o. to use that same science to talk about what the whole world needs. we are getting better from a supply perspective, but in the sht-term, rolling out more boosters will put us further behind in terms of thinking about global equity. laura: t w.h.o. said it was unfair to give out boosters. is this a change of tone? guest: it may well be. i think we can stick to saying we want to follow the science. the science is becoming more clear by the week. it is good to see the strategic advisory group for the w.h.o. also follow the same science an
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recognize if you are, no compromised, -- immunocompromised, or older, you are likely to benefit from a booster. we want to make sure this does not take away doses for people who need a first vaccine. laura: here in the u.s. more people are getting booster shots than first doses. is that a problem? guest: yes, we need to do both. the only way to enmd -- end this pandemic is get the overall vaccination rates up higher. hopefully, the pending decision in the next few weeks about younger kids will open up the eligibility of vaccines. hopefully, we create more accessibility through mandate, other mechanisms. at the and of the day we will
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not get out of the pandemic by doing boosters over and over. laura: mercks are applying -- merck are applying for a vaccine. guest: this is an exciting developments. vaccines have a critical role to play. like other diseases, vacnes on their own are unlikely to be the only solution. in addition to the proven public health measures, this is a new therapy available for earlier stage disease, used outside of a hospital setting, as a pill. that makes it attractive in terms of adding to the arsenal we have to treat covid, prevent covid. it could play a key role. we have a strong pipeline of more and more therapies we hope to become available over the next few months. laura: doctor, thank you for being with us.
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over the course of the pandemic, australia haan extremely strict lockdown. sydney, the last one was imposed for months. today, cafes, gyms, and restaurants opened up, but only to those who are vaccinated. australia moved away from its goal of zero covid cases. we have the report from sydney. reporter: a day so many in south wales have been waiting for. especially in sydney and surrounding areas. after more than 100 days in lockdown, cafes, restaurants, and bars have finally reopened. >> i took the day off work tomorrow just so i could stay up late. reporter: there will still be covid-19 rules in place. inside venues, social distancing and masks are mandatory.
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the main feature of this reopening, businesses have to make sure customers provide proof of vaccination. >> it has been a difficult 100 days, but efforts people have made across the state to get vaccinated has enabled this great day to occur. there are going to be challenges, we know that. i asked everybody across our state to treat everybody with kindness and respect. reporter: this is the first step out of lockdown with new south wales reaching 70% vaccination rate. with many restrictions eased, life looks different for those who had double jabs. many started their day in the gym, something they have not been able to do for months. >> you have all this equipment to try out. >> looking at the rest of the world, we can stay open.
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>> how are you? reporter: while others have rushed for the long-awaited haircut. new south wales is the first state in australia to shift from elimination or a zero covid cases strategy, to reopening while ramping up vaccination numbers. the rest of the country will be watching to see what living with the virus will look like and how it will work. bbc news, sydney. laura: we turn to north korea. a former intelligence officer tells the bbc he does not believe kim jong-un willver give up nuclear weapons. the colonel who defected said he was involved in everything from assassinations to spying. he has in speaking exclusively to laura bicker. reporter: for decades, one family maintained rule -- a
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brutal grip on north korea. occasionally, some slip through their grasp and reveal their secrets. >> north korea's intelligent see -- intelligence agency is the eyes, ears and brain of the supreme leader. reporter: colonel kim kuk-song defected in 2014, but has now for the first time decided to speak out. >> there are many cases where i directed spies to go to north korea on missions. many cases. reporter: he claims kim jong-un gave in order to kill off one of the leaders -- leader's main critics. in 2009 he was a high profile defector in south kea. >> it was a gift to demonstrate loyalty to his father. that is why this act of terro was organized. reporter: the attempt failed.
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pyongyang always denied it was involved. although some were caught, along with all their kit, colonel claims agents infiltrated many areas of society, including in the early 1990's, the presidential office. >> this level of starvation is unprecedented. reporter: the same decade as thousands of north koreans starved in a famine. the cash strapped leader ordered him to produce and sell illegal drugs. >> i brought three foreigners into north korea and built a base to produce crystal meth. all the money in north korea belongs to kim jong-il and kim jong-un. he bought villas, clothes, enjoyed luxuries. reporter: as pyongyang stepped up its weapons program, it too
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became a way to raise funds. >> i know the operations department, arms dealers with iran, submarines, semi submersible's, north korea was good at building weapons like this. reporter: north korea continues to build and test new weapons and missiles. it has been accused of selling arms and technology to a number of countries, which it denies. efforts to encourage the regime to disarm have repeatedly failed. >> the international community was excited when kim jong-un and trump meant, saying it was for denuclearization. neither of them viewed it at way. in the end, denuclearization cannot be achieved. north korea's nuclear deterrent
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is tied to kim jong-un's survival. reporter: as the young dictator executed rivals, the colonel realized that he too was at risk. >> i was the reddest of the red. abandon my country and escape south korea was the worst, grief stricken decision, made in utter distress. reporter: while the colonel's account is impossible to verify, it serves as a timely reminder that the young leader has proved to be an adept dictator with only one goal in mind, the survival of his regime. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. laura: a rare look inside north korea. in other news, iraq captured a high level member of the islamic state group alleged to have been running its finances. the iraqi prime minister announced the arrest of sami jas im. despite its territorial defeat
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in 2017, is continues to carry out regular attacks in iraq. to grand forces in northern ethiopia, troops and allies have launched attacks on all fronts. they send heavy artillery and jets. the tigrayan liberation front said tigrayan forces e holding grounds. it is not possible to verify the information independently. the italian parliament debating a ban on neofascist political parties. some of the biggest are trying to outlaw the far right forza n uova. this as far right activists protested in rome against the covid green pass, which requires workers to be vaccinated or have a negative test. in china, nearly 2 billion people have been displaced by severe flooding in the northern shanxi province.
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heavy rain triggered landslides across the area. flooding comes less than three months after extreme rains left more than 300 people dead. now to lebanon where a large fire broke out at a gas fire storage tank this morning, making the country's energy crisis worse. the zahrani facility is north of the capital, beirut. the site received an emergency delivery of fuel. the facility is closed to one of lebanon's two biggest power plants. the other is in the north. both were forced to shut down due to fuel shortages, forcing lebanon into darkness for more than 24 hours. our correspondent anna foster is in tripoli and has seen firsthand how these blackouts have been affecting people across lebanon. >> these pictures were
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devastating for people to see on tv, on social media. this is precious fuel, which ran out at those two power stations over the weekend. to see that delivery the zahrani station received from the army going up in flames is difficult for people to watch. for large parts of the country, they rely on that small amount of power they receive. even though the power is back on, it is only a tiny amount, one to two hours a day. if you live in a wealthy area of beirut, you can pay for a generator. those are very expensive. these snaking wires feed 300 apartments. once you get out of the city, to places like this in tripoli, those one to two hours are vital and without it, people's lives become difficult. one family were paying for three hours for a generator.
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one gave them one dim bulb in a room, and enough to pump water from the ground, not to ■heat its, but to lifted up to where the husband was in bed, recovering from an operation. there were children on the street because schools are closed. public schools have been late reopening because teachers need money to put fuel i their cars to get to school and to light the classrooms. youan see looking at this area how difficult it is for people to have a normal life. in tripoli, the water has been off for four days because there is not enough power to pump. there were children bringing big bottles and filling them up, almost too heavy for them to carry home. people here say they feel absolutely forgotten and ignored. they do not have electricity,
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water, medicine. everything is too expensive and scarce and makes life extraordinarily difficult. laura: anna foster reporting from lebanon. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come - prince charles tells the bbc world leaders must take action to combat climate change. we have the full interview ♪ >> austria's former minister has become the country's new prime minister. sebastian court resigned after allegations of corruption. reporter: the fact there was so much pressure on mr. kurz the step down. this is the second criminal
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investigation mr. kurz has bn accused of. they were the party of clean government and said they could not work with mr. kurz while these accusations were around. this is something which could be quite damaging for the conservative party. they had moved very quickly to put another person at the top in terms of the chancellor. ♪ laura: now to prince charles, who has a long history of speaking out against climate change. he tells the bbc world leaders at the u.n. climate change conference must take bold action on global warming rather than just talk or the prince of wales spoke to our climate editor from the royal state in balmoral. >> lovely to see you.
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>> this was a rather empty field the farm did not need any more. they managed to plant the same year myrandson was born, the eldest. reporter it is a legacy and inheritance for your grandchildren. how worried are you about the state of that inheritance? deeply. i have felt we are trained to believe nature is a separate thing from us we can exploit, control, and suppress everything about her without suffering the consequences. reporter: the narrative has changed. a lot of things you have set our mainstream. world leaders are gathering to talk about those things. >> that is talk. the problem is to get action on the ground, which i have been trying to do for 40 years. reporter: what about people who protest, extinction rebellion? >> it is not helpful, i don't
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think, to do it in a way that alienates people. i totally understand the frustration. the difficulty is, how do you direct that frustration and a way that is more constructive than destructive? people should notice how despairing. reporter: is our government doing enough to make these things happen? >> i could not possibly comment. reporter: it is true to say you have a hefty carbon footprint. it must take a lot of gas to heat a palace. >> i have tried for a very long time to make sure the heating is done in a way as sustainable as possible. we have electric cars. my aston martin runs on surplus english white wind. -- wine. reporter: what would you say to people in terms of diet? should they be eating less meat? >> f years i have not eaten meat and fish two days a week.
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i don't eat dairy products on mondays. reporter: it is an autumn gaen. >> it is autumn color and a bit of spring. parts of britain are just prairie farms. avenues are what i have been wanting to do. reporter: avenues of trees. >> which could commemorate all the people who died during the pandemic. there was a wonderful example in australia after the first world war when they planted avenues of trees to commemorate all the people who died. what a difference urban trees make. they are wonderful for the landscape as well. laura: prince charles talking climate change there. now to america's national basketball association, which turns 75 this season. it is clear how the sport's
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appeal has grown. basketball is wildly popularn china and africa, so players have become more influential, speaking out on racial justice in the u.s. for more on how the nba is dealing with everything from the pandemic to politics, monica miller sat down with the head of the union representing players in new york city. >> the nba may be gearing up for a new season, but these players spent the past few months honing their skills at rutger park in harlem, also known as the mecca of street basketball. some sports legends made cameos on this court, including allen iverson, kobe bryant, and kevin durant. the woman who runs the union that represents these star players is ao playing offense against a mutating virus. >> she is a clever one. she is not to be predicted. monica: michelle roberts is the
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first female to head the national association, representing more than 450 players from 41 countries. last season, covid forced players into a bubble to finish out their games. during those weeks of isolation, black lives matter protests swept the country after the police shooting deaths of george floyd and breonna taylor. michelle: what i would describe as democracy in action. they figured it out. we will play, but under certain circumstances. the most visible example when you watch the games, y cannot avoid seeing black lives matter. it was immediately before and after games, they would start by saying "say her name." monica: they would encourage fans and players to a voice of their own. >> it is good people are finally stepping up. the younger generation feels they can do it.
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monica: the park itself is in need of repair. that is why the union that represents the nba will donate $316,000 to buy new lights, bleachers, rams, scoreboard. the renovation is a passion project for roberts, who recently announced her retirement. michelle: the sound of a bouncing basketball is the soundtrack of my life. i heard basketball every day. the building we lived in was adjacent to the parkhere the courts were. basketball was all you did monica: win or lose, basketball has a way of bringing people together through a shared love of the game. monica miller, bbc news, new york. laura: before we go tonight, after a long wait, the boston marathon is back read more than 900 days since the race was last
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run, the streets of boston were alive today as 20,000 runners celebrated the city's first marathon since covid. the race was held in the fall, not the spring. congratulations to all of the athletes. i am laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." have a great night. ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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they need to be ready for anything. i hope you're ready. 'cause we are. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, monumental battle-- the biden administration expands national monuments at the center of debate over cultural heritage, and national resources. then, the trump effect-- prominent republicans embrace the former president on the campaign trail, with an eye toward the midterm elections. and, race matters-- we explore the efforts underway to address violence and systemic issues in one of america's toughest cities. >> we believe in imagining something radically new. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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