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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 6, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from
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viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i'm laun washington and this is "bbc world news america." homes destroyed and thousands forcedevicting hazara people in afghanistan. a medical breakthrough. the first malaria vaccine will be given to children in africa, which could save tens of thousands of lives every year. the ruler of dubai who ordered the hacking of his ex-wife's phone in a bitter custody battle over their children, tt is the ruling from the high court in london. plus, scientists identify fossils of what is thought to be the oldest meat eating dinosaur in the u.k., the size of a
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chken. welcome to "bbc world news america." on pbs and arod the globe, the bbc has obtained evidence that in central afghanistan, the taliban are driving hundreds of families from the hud zara minority community out of their villages. the taliban were last in power 20 years ago and persecuted ethnic and religious minority, especially the hud zara people. reporter: 400 kilometers southwest of kabul, home to the
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hazaras, a minority shiite community. says this house has been in his family for generations. now he's being told by his new taliban rulers that his family must leave. mohammed refused, so they began to destroy his home. >> they didn't give us any reason. they said, "these lands are ours and you should leave." that was our family's home. this was empty land when my grandfather built our home on it. i was born on it. reporter: more than 4000 people from this area are now displaced. >> this is the only thing i took from our home, a piece of cloth. i'm here with my children and grandchiren. reporter: since the taliban takeover of afghanistan, hazaras
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have been living in fear. when the taliban were last in power in the 1990's, they had a history of persecuting ethnic and religious minorities, especially the hazaras. since september, the taliban have claimed ownership of about 20,000 villages, claiming they lived here illegally. these villages say they have all the right documentation. > the taliban gave us nine days to evacuate and leave houses. they say if we don't move out, we will punish you and you cannot complain. we want our rights. this is our home. reporter: according to community leaders, thousands are now holess, living in valleys, riverside's, and caves. they lost not just their homes, but farms, and their annual products. when a community leader asked the taliban where he should seek shelter during the winter seon, he responded "hell." the taliban deny they are
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targeting this community and rejected amnesty international's recent investigation. they sent this video response. >> this report is one-sided. i invite all investigators to do a proper investigation. this is not an acceptable conclusion. the investigation was not transparent. reporter: the has zaras have had little choice but to flee, taking whatever possessions they could carry. harsh winter and humanitarian crisis that is unfolding. laura: tomorrow rks 20 years since the united states launched airstrikes on al qaeda and the taliban in afghanistan in response to the 9/11 attacks. it was the beginning of the u.s. led nato campaign. for military families who lost loved ones, it is a soer moment. private conrad lewis was a soldier from britain who was
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killed. the bbc has been to meet his parents and hear their thoughts on the taliban takeover. reporter: that other country, a place that took their son, is always with them and they were watching when the end came. in panic stricken, humiliating defeat. >> the shambles that happened at the end is incredible. i don't know how western powers, with our joint pedigree and history, military might, could have let that happen. >> all of those poor people who were hoping to getut, i get to -- i guess to get to the west, snatched away at the last minute, just terribly sad reporter:. reporter:conrad was sandy and tony's oldest child. at the age of 22, he was the 350
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third british soldier to be killed in afghanistan. what would conrad have thought of it? >> he would have been so angry at the situation. i think he and quite a few of the other soldiers from that time, they are sort of contemplating what they actually achieved as opposed to what they did not achieve. they achieved 20 years of hope for people out there. it is others who sort of destroyed that at the end. reporter: seven years ago, we went with tony lewis to afghanistan. for him, the journey in search of meaning and every day a reminder of loss. >> i didn't know it was here. reporter: tony visited a school. back then, girls of all ages
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could attend. there were 4000 here, many with big ambitions. >> i want to be a very good doctor in the future. >> her english skills, her ambitions, she just wants to live, become a doctor. reporter: back in warwickshire, we had news of the school for the lewises. when a bbc reporter visited this week, he found only girls up to the age of 12 are allowed to attend, and numbe going to school there have halves. -- are snatching the >> a cry when -- how can you rebuild a country when the girls are not allowed to g educated? >> it's a waste of money, waste
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of time. you have to he somewhere in all of that is e afghan people are strong enough to get over it somehow. how much longer that will take, who knows? reporter: the lewises say conrad died fighting for what he believed in, but they also know now what it is to raise a child, to see them through the joy and challenge of life, and tn to see them changed by war, lost to war. bbc news. laura: tomorrow is a difficult anniversary for the family of private lewis and all of those killed in afghanistan. news of a major breakthrough in mecine. the world horse -- world health organization has approved the first use of a malaria vaccine, calling it a gift to the world.
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malaria kills more than 400,000 people a year, most of them young children in sub-saharan afca. fergus walsh has more. reporter: this is a milestone in public health. after decades of research and trials, this one in kenya at, last a vaccine against one of the world's deadliest infections -- malaria. the disease is spread by mosquitoes, infected with the malaria parasite. this triggers fever, and in severe cases, organ failure. the world health organization said the vaccine would now be widely rolled out across africa. >> this long-awaited malaria vaccine is a breakthrough for science, child health, and malaria control. using this vaccine in addition to existing tools to prevent malaria could save tens of thousands of young lives each year. reporter: malaria is a global
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threat, but around 95% of deaths are in sub-saharan africa. every year, more than one quarter of a million african children under the age of five die from malaria. that is one child every two minutes. for more than 30 years, the british pharma giant gsk has been working on a vaccine and since 2019, more than 800,000 children in ghana, kenya, and malawi have been in united states. -- immunized. trials have shown that it caught cases by 40% and those with severe malaria by 30%, but requires four doses and further booster shots may be required as immunity wanes over time. so it is much less effective than other childhood jobs -- jabs, but even so, the vaccine, known as our tss, should have a
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huge impact. >> this is a game changer and is arriving at the right time. progress in reducing the malaria burden in africa has thought in recent years, and innovative tools and approaes are urgely needed to get the global control effort back on track. reporter: more effective vaccines are in the pipeline including one developed by oxford unirsity. bed nets, insecticides and antimalarial treatment will contue to play a crucial role in tackling this ancient scourge, despite today's positive news, is far from being defeated. fergus walsh, bbc news. laura: it is october, which is when the holiday shopping season begins here in the u.s., with halloween coming up. those wrist -- disruptions in the world supply chains from the pandemic are not going away. there could be as many as half a
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million shipping containers off the coast of california waiting to be offloaded. we are joined by betsey stevenson, an economist at the university of michigan was a member of the white house council of economic advisers under president obama. when you see those container ships carrying goods, is that a supply chain issue, o too much demand in the united states? >> it is a little bit of both. what has happened is we had supply disruptns that means sometimes, demand is not being met because the factories around the world are shut due to covid and then finally they get up and running. they want to get us our goods. they all come at once. that is a bit of a demand problem. we are back to our sort of pre-covid level of demand, but we need to get these goods in. for the supply chain issues, we are seeing a clog for many different dimensions. you need space at the dock to
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unload. you need sce in the warehouse is to put the goods. you need the trucks available to take the goods away. all of these things are points of congestion. then we have other countries operating ports 24/7 to meet this demand at the u.s. consumer , and the ports in the u.s. don't typically operate 20 47. if you have things going out 24/7 but not unloading, you will get a logjam. laura: is coronavirus causing a global shortage of workers affecting the supply in countries where they don't have vaccines and people are getting sick? >> i don't know if i would call it a shortage of workers, but it is certainly a slowdown in the ability to do work. people are getting sick. as they get sick, they are unable to work. that led to factory shutdowns. those led to should -- slowdowns to get goods where they need to
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be. that has caused problems because container ships are distributed willy-nilly about the globe because the normal efficient process of going from one port to another has been disrupted. you might get to the port you are at and the stuff you were supposed to load in the container ship is not ready because they had some problems. in a global economy, we have goods that are made in multiple countries and assembled in a different country, purchased in yet another country. at every single point, there's the potential for a slowdown due to the fact that people need to be involved and people are getting covid. laura: so how long is this going to go on for, do you think? >> i think this will go on as long as covid goes on. the best thing we can do for global trade and global manity would be to increase vaccination ability around the globe. laura: betsy stephenson, thank you so much for being with us.
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we go next to a court battle inlving the royal family of dubai the high court in london found the ruler of dubai, sheikh mohammed, organized the hacking of his ex-wife's phone as well as her lawyers phones, as part of a campaign of intimidation and threat during a custody battle over their children. he was said to given his express or implied authority for the phone of princess haya to be accessed. frank gardner reports. reporter: together no longer. dubai's ruler, sheikh mohd, and his ex-wife, jordan's princess haya, fighting a custody battle in the high court. it has been revealed today that sheikh mohammed ordered illegal phone hacking during a crucial phase of the hearings. princess haya's phone was hacked. so were those of her personal assistant, her security, and legal team, and even that of
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baroness shackleto her barrister and the member of the house of lords. princess haya and white fled dubai two years ago after learning of her husbd's abduction and mistreatment of two of his daughters. she applied for court orders to prevent her children from being returned to dubai. the judgments published here today revealed the extraordinary lengths one middle eastern ruler and a close ally of britain has gone to to exercise total control over the women of his fami. the measures have been described as an abuse of power and serial breach of criminal law here in britain. the court heard how agents of the dubai ruler used intrusive spyware called pegasus, sold by the israel nso group to the united arab emirates to infect the mobile phones of the opposing legal team. >> what is remarkable about this case is it shows starkly that autocrats will take this technology, allegedly for fighting crime and terror, and
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use it to do exactly what you would expect. they target people who they find to be problematic. of course, it is not a surprise that yet again, a partner is targeted with this spyware. reporter: sheikh mohammed has issued the following statement. "i have always denied the allegations made against me, and i continue to do so. these matters concerned suppose operations of state security. as a head of government involved and private family proceedings, it was not appropriate for me to provide evidence on such onset of matters -- sensitive matters either personally or by foreign advisers in a foreign court." is global read -- reputation would have taken a hit.a billionaire resource owner he remains, a giant figure in the equestrian world. th finding that u.k. law has been broken, this poses extremely awkward questions about one of written's closest friends in the middle east. frank gardner, bbc news. laura: in other news, survivors
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of the terrorist attack on the bottle clan -- bataclan concert hall in parre part of the trial that -- witnesses recall feigning death as the three gunmen fired on the crowd. responsibility was claimed by the islamic state. the nobel prize have been awarded to a german and a scottish man. their research could help us form durable materials, through energy more efficiently and batteries, or slow down the prog of diseases.opposition parties in austria have called on chancellor sebastien to explain himself after he was put under investigation for alleged bribery.they e looking for allegations his party used taxpayer money to commission favorable opinion polls published by a newspaper. his party says these are politically motivated allegations.
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you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, molly is one of the poorest countries in the world, and also one of the most vulnerable to climate change. ♪ laura: australia is ending a policy that forced people seeking asylum to stay at a processing center in papa new guinea. the government there will become sponsible for those in the facilities. re on this story now. reporter: it basically means australia and png are no longer in a deal for australia to send those asylum-seekers to the country. this was of course part of the very controversial stop the boats policy and 2013, a very hard-line policy that meant anyone fleeing, trying to get to australia by boat, were sent to
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a detention center on an island. it was criticized by human rights activists, by the u.n., by the united states for its harsh conditions. all in all, it is the beginning of a change. the australian government giving up one of those regional processing center in this controversial policy. laura: with less than a month to go until the crucial summit tackling climate change, our changing weather patterns are in the spotlight. mali in west africa is on of the poorest nations in the world. as we report, also one of the most vulnerable to climate change. porter: walking where fish once swam. this desert is what remains.
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sand dunes of a place with a vast expanse of water. the heat approaches 50 degrees celss, the rich and arable farmland lays barren. exacerbating much of the desert is the meager number of trees left here. resince like this feel trapped by a cycle they cannot break. a widow and a mother of three, her children left the village in search of a better life. her only source of income is sending -- selling firewood. >> i know it is destroying the environment, but if i don't do it, how am i going to buy food? my children are grown up. they have done what all the young peoplere doing. they left home and never get in touch. i have stayed here. reporter: herders are losing livestock as they travel in
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search of water and food. with this valuable asset dwindling and communities at war with each other, experts in the region are asking for immediate action from world leaders. >> climate change hits the poorest and most vulnerable in the world. we see that completely with people affected by war, violence, and other situations impacting their daily lives. farmers and other communities are unfortunately unable to cope with climate change. reporter: almost 5000 people live in this harsh environment. many of the children here will not have seen the lake as their parents did, full of water. as a new generation is born, the hope is that the world can take urgent action to tackle the climate crisis so they have a future to depend on. bbc news. laura: now to an exciting discovery in wales. researchers have identified fossils of a chicken sized
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dinosaur that was related to t-rex. the fragments are believed to be from the oldest meat-eating dinosaur in the u.k. our wales correspdent hal griffith explains. reporter: it is the closest wales has ever had to a real-life dragon, the meat eating thereupon christened chief dragon. this iwhat remains a hip and thigh bone in the natural history museum collection until they were revered from the wrong drawer and everything fell into place. the fossils were found over 60 years ago at this site in south wales, not by paleontologists, but by quarrymen as they blastoff the line stone wall behind me. limestone wall behind me. it has taken decades to realize how significant the find was. >> they were quite small. reporter: the documented discoveries, there were dinosaurs here 200 million years ago. >> we do have footprints from a
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few larger ones, so we know there were a few larger dinosaurs, but we have very few remains. most of what we are finding are these tiny dinosaurs. reporter: small in scale but huge insignificance, pendraig's relatives could also be hidden in these rocks, waiting to be unearthed. laura: before we go tonight, some news for lovers of winnie the pooh. the bridge which the author a.a. milne featured, where christopher robin stood, if you have an estimated $80,000 to spare, it could be yourand you can play pooh sticks forever, dropping sticks into the water and seeing who came out from under the bridge first. that is my favorite game with the boys. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching
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"bbc world news amica." have a great night. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs stion from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. tonight, high stakes and at the brink. a possible breakthrough as senate democrats and republicans may be moving toward an agreement on avoiding a firsts ever default on the federal debt. then, ethiopia in crisis. children in its northern region of tigre are suffering as there are widespread food shortages. and biting back, how scientist are using genetically modified mosquitoes to combat the spread of deadly diseases. >> if we can introduce another tool that is cost effective and works very well, then that's something that we're really hoping that this trial


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