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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 5, 2021 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> i'm nora travailing in washington. this is bbc world america. a facebook whistleblower says the social media giant puts profits before people. as pressure for regulation is building. chinese bombers fly near taiwan. president warns of catastrophic consequences if china seizes control. a dampening inquiry in france uncovers widespread sexual abuse by catholic priests. more than 200,000 children were abused over the past 70 years. we follow migrants from sudan as they riseverythi, trying to make the risky crossing from france into britain. lights, camera, blastoff. the rsians trying to make the first ever feature film in
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space. >> welcome to world news america on pbs and arounthe globe. facebook has misled the public about the extent to which its products harm children and stoke division. that was the exhibition from a former worker turned whistleblower. france's haugen, who leaked mpany research to the wall street journal, says facebook chose profits over users and should face regulation. he said they spent -- the giant said they spent millions on safety. >> eleanor and freya are both 14. like many teenagers, they are both on instagram. >> as a teenager, you are looking at these people, these models, and influencers, they are all very skinny and have a
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perfect body. when you loo at that and compare yourself to it, it can be really damaging. >> when you are feeling at your worst, and you go on instagram and see things targeted at you because you have looked at these things before, you see them like models, influencers, celebrities, and you are like i will never be like that. >> their concerns are in fact shared by one rather important company. facebook, which owns instagram. leaked internal research found teens who struggle with mental health say instagram makes it worse. the woman who leaked the report is called frances haugen. she gave evidence in washington. >> the documents i have provided to congress prove facebook has repeatedly misled the public about its own research about the safety of children. >> she concluded with a devastating message that
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facebook will continue to cause harm around the world. >> my fear is without action, divisive extremist behaviors we see today are only the beginning. what we w in myanmar and are seeing in ethiopia are only the opening chapters of a story so terrifying, no one wants to read the end of it. >> in silicon valley, facebook has pushed back, saying some of the research presented is misleading. and despite the fact instagram concluded it can be damaging for children's mentalealth, it also says it can have a positive impact. eleanor and freya say instagram is fun, that is why they are on it. but it can cause anxiety. >> it is stressful, because say you see someone post a photo and you feel left out because they are with all of your friends. it is also fun to post a photo of you with your friends, and you sometimes don't know someone is getting left out. >> facebook said it postponed a controversial project to create
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instagram for kids. but we now know people within the company, and some very important politicians in waington, believe the company has put profits over the mental health of teenage girls. james clayson, bbc news. >> for more on the fallout from this hearing, we are joined by gary o'donogh lawmakers from both parties are now talking about the regulation of facebook. what could it look like in practice? >> you are right. there is an extraordinary level of bipartisan support. you had tech crews with richard blumenthal. have you heard that before? a couple of areas they will look at, one is the question of transparency, if facebook will give up its algorithms to see how it works, how it directs traffic towards particular individuals. that is its intellectual
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property, that is its brains, if you woullike. that wil be a huge struggle. anher area they are looking at is section 230. that law was passed 200 years ago, protecting social media companies from the consequences of what gets posted on their platforms. that is something they are very keen to look at. and further transparency issues around parental controls. so all these sorts of things are on the table. some are pretty lengthy, given the nature of the bipartisan support. >> facebook staff have been tweeting, blanketing the airwaves trying to get their message out. what is their defense to the idea they put profits above people? >> it is a mixture. there is -- whistleblower who only worked for two years, did not talk to anyone important, not really an important part. talking about things she had never worked on.
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there is a bit of that, and also a bit of -- we think congress also acts on -- in terms of internet rules and how it works because nothing has happened for that period of time. they don't address the issue of the nature of their specific contribution. how it is that their specific apps, instagram, etc., how they direct this traffic an cause this harm, and what they will do about it. because this research suggests they know internally there is a problem, bxternally, they are not prepared to do much about it. >> gary o'donoghue, thank you. as renewed tension between taiwan and beijing after a record number of chinese mbers entered taiwan's air defense zone in the past few days. taiwan sees the south as a sovereign state, but china views as a bakaway province and has not ruled out using force to bring the island under its control. for more than a year, taiwan's has chinese air force planes
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have been flying near the island. in the last four days, nearly 150 aircraft have flown into taiwan's air defense zone, causing concern. taiwan's president is warning of catastrophic consequences, for peace and democracy and asia if violet were to fall to china. joining us is bonnie glaser, director of the asia program at the german national fund. what do you think china is doing? is it a show of strength or something more sinister? >> chinas trying to intimidate taiwan, bully it, to warn taiwan's president not to cross beijing's redlines by pursuing independence. it is also doing other things. china is training its military, pilots. it is also trying to wear down taiwan's pilots and forced taiwan to spend a lot of money on maintaining its planes and
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test its air defense systems a they respond to these aircraft flying in what is an air defense identification zone. that is international airspace, not taiwan's territorial airspace. >> by speaking out and warning it would be catastrophic if taiwan came under chinese rule, is taiwan's president trying to get the attention of the world, particularly america? >> there is no doubt taiwan's president would like to get more support from the international community, not just the u.s. she would like that support to come in many forms. rhetorical support, warning beijinnot to use force against taiwan, but also, economic agreements with taiwan, and support for taiwan to participate in u.n. organizations, such as the world health organization.
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so isolation of taiwan is what beijing hopes to achieve. and the president is trying to rally the international community to its support so that it will not be isolated. >> is it likely? do you think china would try a military takeover of taiwan? >> my own view is this air activity as destabilizing and dangerous as it may be, is not a i think ultely, xi jinping, or some future chinese leader, may give up on the goal of peaceful unification and use force against taiwan. that is something we need to prevent. we need to deter taiwan from using force. but in the short run, their goal is really to instill this psychological sense of despair in taiwan, to get people to
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think that they have no other future other than with china. and again, to prevent taiwan from pursuing a set of policies aimed at independence, which would chaenge china's sovereignty claim, it could threaten the legitimacy of the chinese communist party. xi jinping is in the year-long run-up to the 20th party congress, where he will enter his third five-year term in power. he doesn't want a crisis with taiwan. >> bonnie glaser, thank you for joining us. we turn to france, where an independent inquiry has revealed the scale of sexual abuse in the catholic church. more than 200,000 children abused in the last 70 years. it found abusers were protected by a veil of silence, and the church is accused of showing cruel indifference to the victims. lucy williamson is in paris, and her report contains descriptions
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of sexual violence. >> 70 years of horror. hundreds of thousands of victims laid bare in one explosive report. it's language stark. it's judgment grim. for a very long time, the french catholic church showed complete, even cruel indifference to those who suffered abuse. the report estimates the number of child victims of sexual abuse at the hands of priests, deacons, monks, or nuns, at 216,000. if nun clergy are included, it is 330,000. one third of one million children. >> there was, above all, a catalog of negligence, failures, silence, and institutional cover-ups that appeared systematic and in which there was an anonymous conclusion that the church did not see, did
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not hear, did not know how to pick up signals. >> investigators analyzed decades of church archives, court records, and testimon from victims. most abuses happened in the 1950's and 1960's, too long ago for anyone to be prosecuted now. one of those who testified was this priest. he told the panel how in the year he turned 18, during clerical training he was repeatedly raped by a senior figure in the seminary. >> it destroys people. there is the physical violence, but there is also a whole context of control which destroys not only the body, but the heart and the mind. that is why these sexual assault are so serious. >> this report has shattered perceptions and public trust in an institution that still has a strong presence in france. the sheer number of victims estimated by the inquiry has dwarfed previous scandals here and exploded the idea that they
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are just isolated ents. at churches across france, a test of faith as clergy and congregations absorbed the news. >> it is a catastrophe. it is a betrayal. there are predators everywhere. >> i was raised in a religious stitution. among 20 priests, there was one we were warned about. i think the report underestimates the number of victims. >> at many services, priests spoke about the challenges laid out by the inquiry. this dark corner of church history makes painful reading, but the report is also for many, a light at the end of a very long road. lucy williamson, bbc news. >> france confronts historic abuse. in other news, the board of pardons in texas has recommended george floyd, the black man
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killed by a white officer last year, should be pardoned from a 2004 drugs conviction. the move comes after the officer who arrested mr. floyd 17 years ago was chargedith involvement in the murder of 2 people in 2019. a new report says climate change is seriously degrading the world's coral reefs, with 40% wiped out between 2009 and 2018. human activities like overfishing with dynamite and coastal development are also taking a toll on coral. climate scientists say a 1.5% increase in global temperatures would probably destroy 90% o the world's coral. the u.s. treasury secretary says it is utterly essential for congress to lift the feral debt limit to avoid the u.s. defaulting on what it owes. it would lead to recession. janet yellen added she opposes a loophole in currency law to resolve the crisis. she said it was up to democratic leaders in congress to figure out how to raise the debt
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ceiling. let's look now at the record number of migrants and asylum-seekers trying to cross the english channel. more than 17,000 people so far this year. some pay smugglers to move them to the u.k.. but many have no money or contacts in france, and little knowledge of what awaits them in britain. the bbc has filmed with a group of sudanese migrants as a went to extreme lengths to reach the u.k. >> the launch point of thousands of migrant boats. at night, there is aidden side. people on the streets. this group of young men from sudan are desperate to cross, but can't afford to pay a smuggler. [speaking foreign language]
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>> they have found a boat they think they can steal. >> are you crazy or what? >> the boat they have stolen is plastic, a toy boat meant for leisure, not crossing the channel.
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the story for over a year allowed us to capture dramatic images. . on the busiest night for crossings. the police can seem outnumbered. helpless to stop what is happening in front of them. if they stop one group, another slips past. not everybody that tries succeeds. boats sink -- his boat sank and he is back on the streets. >> [speaking foreign language]
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>> there have been increased efforts to prevent crossings, but numbers this year are dole from 2020. he made it to manchester and is waiting for his asylum claim to be processed. young africans have little knowledge of the life that awaits them in the u.k., but stories mean if they will continue to go to incredible lengths for their dreams. patient -- bbc news. >> the desperation of danese migrants trying to reach the u.k. you are wahing bbc world news america. still to come. a historic abuse of women and girls and mother and baby homes should be the subject of an inquiry. experts recommend. we hear from the victims. >> the head of airbus has told
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bbc the aerospace business has significant supply chain problems, leading to higher prices. it comes as airline bosses made him boston to talk about how the pandemic has devastated the industry. michelle fleury has more. >> the ceo of airbus is one of the industry leaders, meeting here in boston, celebrating the early signs of a recovery, but trying to chart a course forward in the post-covid world. >> logistics are starting to be an issue. we are at the beginning of this new phase of the pandemic. there is an inflation trend on a number of communities, but that is a risk for many industries. >> demonstrating that the aviation industry, like many others, may also be able to see a recoveryoming, but after covid, and see a host of new problems, like sply issues and inflation.
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>> in northern ireland, during much of the 20th century, unmarried mothers were sent to mother and baby homes against their will, and forced to give up their babies for adoption. experts have recommended the establishment of a public inquiry to investigate what happened. our island -- ireland correspondent has been hearing from survivors. >> the secrets of these institutions are being shuttered by the stories of e who were once shamed. more than 10,000 unmarried women were sent to mother and baby homes in northern ireland. they and their sons and daughters victims of a harsh veracity. >> my brother didn't have a voice at the time, but i will be his voice now. >> she was adopted from a home in belfast. she discovered her brother had died as a baby, and searched for
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his burial place. >> i would not call it a grave, it wasore of a pat. there were over 30 babies in the spot where he is buried. the world just threw them together like they did matter on on consecrated ground in a bog at the bottom of a cemetery. >> she recently had a headstone put up two marker sibling's 50th birthday. >> he had his name, that is what he always should have had. >> ultimately, it habeen brought about by the bravery of survivors who have spoken out to break the stigma. now they want answers and accountability for what happened in these institutions, and for the suffering of women and their children. >> the experts who have devised the investigation say it should fully uncover an appalling scandal. >> we can't putback the clock on those who suffered so much
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throughout all of this period, but one of the things we can do is recognize their truth. >> one of the many issues to be examined is the unpaid and exhausting labor in these institutions. there were four in northern ireland. over 3000 women spent time in one. caroline was sent here during her early teens. >> that was very frightening. very warm. you can hear the machines always going. at a very young age, i was taught how to use a presser. it was as big as this table. >> many women who have been there for many years -- >> a long time, some were from their young years, and they had done it. >> a lasting legacy of trauma. survivors hope the inquiry will will expose wrongdoing and bring healing. >> women were ashamed.
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shouldn't have been ashamed. >> caroline magee ending the report from our ireland correspondent. a russian actress and direcr have blasted off into space to try and film the first movie in orbit. they are hoping to beat a hollywood project planned by tom cruise and nasa. they will spend 12 days in space filming scenes for "the chalnge." >> arrivinin the international space station earlier today, a very unusual team of cosmonauts. >> the russian actress and her producer/director. >> lift off of -- >> they blasted off from kaz extend earlier today on a unique mission. to become the first to make a feature film in space. the film is called "the challenge." it is about an emergency inside
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the international space station. the actor and director both had what was described as a crash course in space travel before heading off. >> we have been working really hard. although we look all happy and smiles, we are very tired. it has been very difficult, both mentally and physically. >> but the russians have beaten the americans who wanted to make a film in space with tom cruise. they are now spending 12 days flying above the earth making their film. richard galpin, b news. >> it looks like fun. three people in the world of physic have good reason to celebrate. they were awarded this year's nobel prize for physics for their work in understanding complex systems, such as the earth's changing climate, computer models based on their work help us anticipate how our environment will respond to
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rising greenhouse gas emissions. congratulations to them. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by.. narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight... facebook under fire -- a former employee testifies to congress the tech giant harms children, weakens democracy and lacks accountability. then... high stakes -- president biden hits the road aiming to sell his trillion dollar spending bills to moderate democrats by persuading voters in a key swing state. and... return to campus -- universities nationwide begin another school year amid the covid pandemic, facing tough decisions and hoping to avoid major outbreaks. >> this year the difference is we at least, even though we're walking a tightwire, we've got a

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