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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 1, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> this is bbc world news america. cut off from the world since the start of the pandemic, australia has announced it will reopen its international borders next month. we will have more from sydney. the volcano in the spanish island oklahoma continues to erupt more than 6000 homes have been evacuated. south america is struggling in the face of a crippling drought today, a new warning from scientists. they say deforestation of the amazon to be thatening lives. we report from sao paulo. as ron prepares to pick a narro -- numeric voters are frustrated by the state of the city.
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mark lowen been writing around the e --talian capital and has a special report. ♪ welcome to world news america on pbs around the globe. at theborders and they have remd closed since. the travel rules there have been some of the strictest of anywhere in the world. now, the government has announced for next month fully vaccinated australians will finally be allowed to travel again. the prime minister, scott morrison, said it was time to give australians their lives back. while it is welcome news to the tens of thousands of australians who have been stranded abroad since last year. schama filial report from sydney. >> a decision millions have been waiting for, australia sealed itself frothe world since the beginning of the pandemic.
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now, it is finally reopening. >> we will be able to open those international borders again and that will enable australians who are fully vaccinated -- >> it is an emotional moment for many including amy hayes who currently lives in redding and has not seen her family for nearly three years. >> there is somewhat you miss out on day-to-day. friends have had babies, family have had babies, there has been tough times for some friends back home. you miss out on that. ultimately, the thing i am a most upset about is the feeling of abandonment and betrayal by the collective state and federal governments in australia. >>much is unclear. including the rules on a proof of vaccination. it could be a headache for airlines and a bore authorities. there are details to iron out, especially the parts of
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australia that have approached the pandic to bentley. in new south wales, an outbreak of covid-19 has a stabilized and the state is getting ready to open up after months in lockdown. the situation is different in queensland in western australia. they are still striving for zero covid and continue to be strict with their borders. by next month, you could get a scenario where someone in sydney will be able to travel to london but not to brisbane or perth. while the practicalities of resuming international travel will be tricky, there is no doubt that this is a big day for australia. finally opening up to the world after nearly two years of isolation. >> hot lava from a volcano erupting on the spanish island of alum palma has reached the sea sending out vast clouds of steam and toxic gases. many homes and crops have been
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destroyed and thousands of people forced to flee since the eruption began 11 days ago. dan johnson is in love, and has more. >> welcome to the newest part of la palma and extension growing all the time. all this lava has destroyed a 1000 homes and forced thousands more to be abandoned. emily and augustine are the latest to pack up ready to leave, fearful it is heading their way. >> it won't stop, that is my fear that we are only just seeing the beginning. >> there is augustine's mom. they both lived through to previous directions, 49 and 71. now, they have had enough. [speaking foreign language] this is worse than the other options, i will be more calm and i have reached the other islands. >> we are lucky we have the house, we are hoping it's
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stronger than fear but we hope it will stay. i have some new friends who lost their houses and everything. >> run the crock -- clock lava keeps flowing. ash is continually clouding the skies. janet's work is never done. this volcanic grit keeps falling. >> it is not easy. we never imagined this could happen. it is hard to see people without anywhere to live. on this island, we are family. >> there is an exclusion zone becontrolled by the post- coast guard because although it is mostly seen being given off, there is also a risk of toxic gases being released. no one knows how many more love -- much more lovable ow into the sea. there is no sign of this ending anytime soon. it is said fish swim away before
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the eruption. >> we don't know what the future will be like because there are fewer fish. i don't see a future here. >> do you think you will leave? >> yes. >> others are adapting to this strange new way of life. dominated by the deep rumbling of the volcano, and the unprintable threat of its ever flowing lava. >> dan joins us now for more from la palma, do you expect there will be a need for more evacuations western mark how are those residents doing who are in temporary shelters? >> for the evacuations do look likely because there is more lava flowing, new vents have opened up and its -- it's path is unbreakab. as we stood here talking tonight and emergcy team has driven up the street making announcements over a loudspeaker saying, the wind has changed direction and the level of sulfur in the air is increasing and people need to
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go home and close their windows and stay inside. you can see how unprintable t situation is. there are more than 6000 residents out of their homes, some staying with friends and family. as you saw in my report, there are other people making the decision to leave their home and get to a place of safety. after 11 days of that volcano continuing to ept and spew lava, some people are giving to the point where they feel like they have had enough they want a break from this. the noise, the threat, and the difficult conditions people are living under our relentless. >> as you say it has been relentless. is there any sense from authority or scientists about how much longer t eruption could last? >> they seem to be finding it difficult to predict what will happen here one things might ease, when the eruption might end or when the aive phase of the volcanic eruption might be
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over. they said it could be weeks, potentially months. there has been no sign of it letting up so far. the activity has continued every day the eruption started 11 days ago. even when the volcanotops erupting in the lava stops flowing, it is a question about what it means for this part of la palma. there is a huge black scar across the landscape. the new land being created off the coast where the lava has reached the sea and is pouring into the water. and how people ce with that, where they will live, howhey get around on this part of the island. what it means for the power supplies and communications, all sorts of questions for the future and how people will continue to live here on in obama's -- the palma's west coast. >> we are certainly all fixated
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on that site also. thank you so much. present made a trip to capitol hill today as mcgrath held talks for a second day about whether they have the votes to pass his $1 trillion infrastructure bill. joe biden said they were going to get it done and it didn't matter one. progressive democrats a withholding their support until a deal is reached with moderates and a party on a larger $3.1 trillion social policy bill. the white house hopes a deal can be struck and this key piece of legislative agenda will be approved. joining me for more is the bbc's gary o'donoghue. gary, after president biden's intervention on the hill, are the two sides any closer to a deal? >> i think it is clear that this visit to capitol hill, which is no small thing it's a big deal for a president. i think it was designed it to cool temperatures rather than
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seal a dea i think it is clear from his comments that it doesn't matter how long it takes, six minutes, six days, six weeks, it's clear that there will be an imminent deal tonight or even a vote. he is trying to call the temperatures on temperature -- capitol hill and make sure they are getting them closer together. also, reaffirming as we heard from people inside the caucus meeting his wish to see a big second bill pass on those issues. >> a big expensive second bill there, it is his agenda. the two sides progressives and moderates, how farpart are they on that second bill? >> they are about $2 trillion apart which is a lot of money. progressives want to spend $3.5 trillion the two senators -- the mechanics and enters in some way standing in the way want to spend $1.5 trillion.
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there have been numbers in between floated but this has to be a discussion about their priorities. there is prekindergarten care, is child tax credit important, paid family leave is that important? which if any of the climate change measures do you have to have? that is a kind of debate they are trying to turn it on to rather than a competition about how much can you spend, how big is your number. >> briefly, if president biden cannot get this through, how damaging will it be to his presidency? >> the bottom would fall out of his presidcy. this is what he ran on, this is essential to any kind of legacy. it is essential to any kind of little strategy as we turn the year to the midterms. it is crucial that he gets some
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or all of this agenda through. otherwise, he comes out empty-handed from the first year of his presidency apart from some spending at the beginning. >> we know you will keep an eye on it all, thank you so much. deforestation has long been seen as a leading cause of environmental damage. new research looks at its direct effect on human health. scientists formed the ongoing clearing of the amazon rain forest could have deadly consequences. they found more than 12 million brazilians will be at high risk of heat-related illnesses within the next 100 years. this comes as large parts of south america are already facing the most severe drought in a century. our south america correondent, katy watson, has been looking at how brazil's changing climate has affected the country's water supply. she sent us this report. >> brazil is a country used to death in the face of pandemic.
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this is a graveyard of another kind. an orange farmer all his life, luis fernando has never experienced a drop like this. [speaking foreign language] >> i think the weeds growing, the rainfall will keep it in the future. you can see it in the 10 years each year the rainfall has been lower. >> the colors strain from these orange groves, the fruit and leaves dried to a crisp. luis fernando says he will have to dig this up and start again. the ground is too hard for the machines and evenfter replanting it will take another three years to harvest new fruit. water levels at the region's most important water source, are at their lowest since the 1940's. hampering an important trade route and threatening livelihoods. brazil has more than 10% of the world's freshwater supply and this river alone is the second biggest in south america after the amazon providing 40 million
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people with fresh drinking water. not just in bzil but argentina and paraguay two. it is important for energy but the water has fallen so low that the dan is struggling to continue to get -- generate energy. experts t down to extreme weather caused by la niña, the natural weather phenomenon. they say increasing deforestation in the amazon is making it worse. >> we are unfortunately very near a tipping point of forests -- amazon forests disappearing. 60% to 70% might be replaced by a degraded ecosystem, due to climate change and local regional deforestation. the moisture flow of the river as well be reduced every year. so, there will be less moisture
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to the south. >> with water rationing across the region, taps run dry by early morning. especially in poor neighborhoods like this. for this woman water is hard to come by at the best of times. she afforded herself the luxury of a shower but can't use it. when they get water they store it here but they are scared to use it in case ty run out. they also risk diseases with mosquitoes laying their eggs on the surface. it is difficult for their health. it won't get any easier until the rain starts to fall and the a distant wish for now withn. fears this truck could continue next year also. >> let's take a left at some other news. the u.s. pharmaceutical company in, says interim critical trials
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show their excrement to drug for treating severe of a 19 cuts the risk of hospitalization and death by about half. the tablet which was originally developed to treat influenza was given twice a day to patient -- patients recently diagnosed with coronavirus. they say they will apply for emergency youth authorization for the drug in the u.s. in the next two weeks. a fire in a covid word of a hospital in romania has killed seven people. the blaze on the black sea coast broke out around breakfast time in an intensive care unit treating 10 covid patients. it is the third deadly fire on coronavirus wards in romania in less than one year. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, the united nations says its crucial that humanitarian operations continue in northern ethiopia. after seven u.n. officials were expelled from the country. ♪
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>> disney and accra scarlett johansson have settled a dispute over the release of the movie, blackwell. johansen said the way they released a film deprived her of potential earnings. michelle fleury has more. >> this was an ugly dispute. she brought a lawsuit over the summer against disney, her employer in the marble floor -- franchise. she basically said they breached their contract when they chose to release the black widow movie at the cinema but also through its streaming service. most of her pay was tied to benefits and it targets related the box office release. now, they have reached a settlement. to give you an idea of how combative it was, disney at the time called her out as being callous for doing this in the middle of a pandemic. scarlett johansson was quick to retaliate. she called them misogynistic but
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now it seems they have made up and they are still working on future projects together. >> the u.n. has set its quickly important that the humanitarian operations continue in northern ethiopia. despite an ongoing dispute that has seen seven senior u.n. officials expelled from the country. the u.n. secretary general told the ethiopian prime minister that the u.n. does not accept the expulsion. there have been repeated international calls for aid in the tigre region friend -- threatened by famine. supplies have not been allowed into the region since the end of july. mark level has more. >> displaced and desperate. liens on handouts, victims of an 11 month war. if the appeals government has told some of those there to help get the eight out to get out.
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the seven senior figures from the un's office for humanitarian affairs, human rights, and children's funds. if you have euros ministry of foreign affairs declare the officials persona non grata for middling andhe internal affairs of the country. instructing them to leave the country within the next 72 hours. the u.n. says it is shocked. >> all u.n. unitarian options -- operations are guided by the corporate souls of humanity, neutrality, and independence. >> the ethiopian state often accuses eight organizations of supporting their rivals in the north. the tpl f regain control in june after months of bloody battles. they pushed back federal forces who retained control of the region's checkpoints. which u.n.ays amounts to a
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blockade of medical supplies and fuel in the war-torn region. >> what we need is 100 trucks to enter tigre every day. we are below that target. >> ethiopia's u.n. mission in new york calls claims of a blockade baseless. the u.n. says 5.2 million people still require food aid. with00,000 people living in famine like conditions. the only thing that is clear is how fa apart both sides remain. >> there is no hunger there is a problem. the government is capable of fixing it. >> if not, the u.s. is threatening to act. >> president biden sent an executive order early this month enabling the u.s. government to impose financial sanctions o those prolonging the conflict in a northern ethiopia. we will not hesitate to use this. >> as the humanitarian disaster deepens, the u.n. says it is engaging with ethiopia's
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government to allow its staff to work there and what is now a diplomatic disaster. >> the bbc will continue. the coliseum, pantheon, p.r. son of anna is the pture postcard city loved by those who visit it. peel back the facade and you find its plagued bproblems. this weekend, romans will decide who should govern as mayoral elections take pla across italy. our room corrpondent repor on a city that is increasingly disgruntled residents feel is falling apart. ♪ >> i think it should be fixed. it looks if a dirty town. it does not look clean at all. >> for me it is heartbreaking to see that my city is left behind. >> the eternal city, rome but
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which is the wor. and those of us lucky enough to live here. beneath the beauty lies decay. dirty, broken, and see many romans, the worst in living memory. a huge challenge for whoever is to be elected mayor. [speaking foreign language] >> rooms biggest problems are waste management transport, they're down to a lack of political skill here. the city and regional authorities blame each other ever what to do with the rubbish. this has become a city for tourists, not its residents. >> europe's largest landfill outside of rome was closed in 2013 for failing to meet eu standards. since then, the city has become an open air dump. now, waste is sent out across
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the country and in nearby town the capital's failure to deal with its own rubbish is meeting fierce resistance. >> rome is not dng anything to manage their waste. the elections are coming, they don't want to treat -- treat their waste in rome. that is why they are coming here. here there is countryside, theories to be vineyards. we are not against solutions to manage and treat our waste. we want plans that are proportionate with our needs. >> when virginia raji was elected as mayor five years ago, she came in with a lot of support. now, many romans are blaming her for the state of the city. after five years of running the city,here is rubbish everywhere there are potholes, buses are catching fire. why? >> we later -- we have to
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rebuild the city. [sing foreign language] >> regarding the rubbish we inherited a company with more than 13 years of false balance sheets. we relaunched it, we have a plan with new trucks, cleaners, and plans putting things in order. other institutions like the national government and region have do their job. >> rome's timele beauty makes it stuck in time. development often hampered by remains, city resting on its laurellacking dynamism. it will always enchant but this election is about to will be trusted to clean up its modern ruins. >> before we go, nicole on the vera is eight years old. she lives in brazil and she has been dubbed the world's youngest astronomer. she has been working with nasa affiliated program to identify new asteroids in outer space.
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if our findings are certified, she will become the youngest person ever to find one. i need parenting advice from her narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and per blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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pres. biden: we are going to get it done whether six weeks or six months. judy: president biden goes to capitol hill to make progress on infrastructure and spending bills. vaccinating migrants. with 70% of the population in europe inoculated, concerns are rising over how to vaccinate hundreds of thousands of undocumented migrants. >> one of the problems we face is they are organized in a big hub. maeo

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