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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  July 26, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice t help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> hello and combat mission in iraq by the end of the year. a formal announcement soon to come. an glory -- olympic lawyer for japan. the british diver john daly was finally crowned olympic champion. tunisia faces its worst crisis since the arab spring after the president's ask the prime minister and suspense parliament. in the u.k. there's been another
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fault in the daily number of coronavis cases for the sixth day in a row. ♪ a warm welcome to our viewers on pbs in america, in the u.k., and around the globe. in just the past few minutes, resident biden has spoken about the u.s. ending its combat nation in iraq. meeting with the iraqi prime minister at the white house, president biden said that the u.s. role in iran will now shift to advising and training iraqi forces. pres. biden: i think things are going well. our role in iraq will be -- just to be available to continue to train, to assist, to help, and to deal with isis as it arrives. but we will not be there in a
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combat mission. >> that announcement being made within just the last half hour or so. get the latest from our correspondent in washington who joins us now. bring us up-to-date on what we need to know about this. president biden speaking in the last few moments, making this announcement alongside the iraqi leader. reporter: this is part of an ongoing conversation about the status of u.s. troops in iraq. the leadership including the prime minister had been saying there is no more need for a combat mission in the country because isis had been defeated, as a territory holding organization. they've been talking about how to do with the troops that are still there and what mr. biden has said is what we were expecting, that they are going to end the combat mission formally by the end of the year. essentially this is basically refining what the troops there are doing.
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it's going to be a focus on training, advising, assisting iraqi forces in a counterterrorism capacity to deal with islamic militants who are still out there. it iessentially what they have been doing. there aren't really combat soldiers or at least not soldiers doing combat missions to a great extent. so it may not reducehe troop numbers very much. it is essentially rebranding what the u.s. forces are doing their right now. >> a different approach to what we saw in terms of withdrawing of u.s. troops from afghanistan, much more clear in terms of what is happening there, not like the overnight leaving of troops that we saw in afghanistan. reporter: the actual numbers on the ground may not change that much, at least not immediately. you will just have this sort of formal acknowledgment that the role of the mission is very much
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an advisory capacity. so the shift in that respect. and i think a big political element as well because analysts here say i think one of the reasons forhis public stement is to help the iraqi prime minister with domestic politics. he is under a lot of pressure from pro-iran factions and pro-iran militias to get rid of the u.s. troops to expel the u.s. troops. at t same time, he and others in the iraqi government feel they need the u.s. presence to help counter terrorism. so this is a way to try to reduce that pressure by saying these troops are not in a combat position, they are there to advise only. whether or not the iraqi militias take that as a change is another question. we've had one spokesperson for an iraqi official tell us he rejects any deal that allows american soldiers to stay in any capacity. >> thanks for bringing us
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up-to-date on those new lines coming from the white house in washington. ♪ >>t's been a huge success for japan which has topped the tables for the country with the most gold medals in this olympic games. it is also one of the most controversial olympic games in dern history. this poll in may found that 83% of japanese people wanted the olym to be postponed or even scrapped because of coronavirus cases rising across the country. after today, the mood may have changed. japan has now won eight gold medals, putting it ahead of the u.s. and china. and the first olympic gold medal in women's skaboarding, she is
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just 13 years old. also defeated georgia in the men's 70 kilo judo final. and scoring gold in the men's synchronized 10 meter diving, 100 meter breast stroke, and in men's cross country mountain biking. massive congratulations to all of them. >> we now have a new star, becoming the youngest skateboarder at the age of 13 to be winning a gold medal. she looks so relaxed. she remarked on how heavy the gold medal was and she said it feels like it weighs a ton. and judo bringing us a seventh gold medal. we've seen a spectacular
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performance by those in judo, bringing a double gold medal last night. on the front page of all the newspapers in japan this morning. and we can expect anything less from naomi osaka. >> just 13 years old, incredible. it's not just the competition proving a huge challenge for the athletes. they are also having to face serious heat and humidity which has already forced some events to be postponed. temperatures reached 32 degrees celsius d organizers opposed -- postponed to events that were to take place today. they been moved to the weekend. tennis also affected. the policy was activated once the temperature went above 31 degrees celsius.
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the men's triathlon also moved to the early hours of the morning to avoid the worst of the heat. water temperatures over the weekend reached nearly 30 degrees celsius. reporter: under the scorching sun of tokyo, girls from a high school tennis club carry on with their extracurricular activities, but every year, around 3000 children suffer from heat stroke during club activities like this. there have even been deaths in the past. the tennis coach for seven years says the hottest summers mean they have to be extra careful. >> we measure the heat stress index every hour to make sure it is safe to practice. lately we've been gathering early in the morning or practicing in the late afternoon when the temperature isn't too high.
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>> it is under this heat that the world's top athletes are competing for gold during the summer's games. the conditions mean we are less likely to see a volley of world records tumbling. >> just the heat exposure, the cardiovascular to your heart system, it has to work harder to maintain your performance and also the ability to regulate and maintain your body temperature in a good state, that will also be impacted greatly. reporter: the last time japan held a summer games was in 1964. it was in october when the weather was cooler, so having the games here now has raised concerns that the intense heat an humidity of the tokyo summer could pose a serious risk to athletes. but when the games are held,t all has to do with the global sport calendar. there is a gap between late july to august. broadcasters around the world pay billions of dollars for the rights to show the olympics.
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they need to show it at the right timef year and the right time of day. >> broadcasting is one of the two most significant revenue sources for the olympic movement. they want to keep their broadcasters and sponsors as happy as can be. reporter: that means some events have been moved to where it is cooler, while others are taking place in the early morning or in the evening. but increasingly, it's not just the battle for a metal, it's also a battle against the heat. >> on top of the extreme heat, tropical storm is expected to hit japan on tuesday. reporter: the tropical storm i moving toward japan. yocan see it here on our rlier satellite image. the center of the storm is forecast to make landfall across northern parts of honshu and then move on.
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it could call some flash flooding here but tokyo is kely to be spared the worst. the outer rain band could bring some pretty wet weather in tok tuesday and fairly brisk winds, but nothing is expected to cause any real disruption for the olympics. once those heavy showers and thunderstos moved through tuesday, the rest of the week looks drier and brighter. it should stay quite hot and humid with highs of 32 degrees. >> the heat is not only affecting sports like rowing and running, archery and shooting are also affected. >> it's not just the direct effects of temperature on the tissues, it's also indirect effects are becoming dehydrated, which then increases problems controlling blood pressure. this is not just a problem for those people generating ls of heat. just having high environmental
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temperatures can impair performance and be a challenge to blood pressure regulation, for example, in events like archery. >> robin is the author of japanese women, beyond baseball and sumo. >> there has been a lot of criticisms of what the organizer said, ranging from the safety to the t-- to butcher of tokyo in the summer. as somody who has spent many a summer in tokyo exercising myself on the track, the humidity is incredibly oppressive. typically there are few events, for example running races, held in july and august. for many who know the climate
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well, they knew all along there would be heat issues and of course as mentioned, the marathon was something that happened before the pandemic, one of the issues that arose was the planning process. >> you know what the conditions are like because you run yourself. but the organizers are between a rock and hard place. they have to go when there are windows in which to do these kind of things because of the advertising in theroadcasters, the other option was to potentially not hold it, and again, that was a huge conversation going on in the country. reporter: i think they have done what they can to mitigate the heat. i know they've set up misting stations where you can stand under it and get the cool mist. they are encouraging everyone to
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stay hydrated. i think they were planning for much larger crowds so they have many opportunities for hydration. but hopefully the athletes stay safe, and they also know i'm sure that there can be weather delays. some of these take place outdoors like the open water swim and surfing. so they've had to plan for possible weather events. and hopefully whether it's covid or the heat, the athletes will remain safe for a healthy -- for all the events. >> stay with us here on outside source. still to come, extreme weather across the globe. while fires, flash floods, landslides. now some of the world's leading scientist talk about tackling climate change. the number of new covid infections in the u.k. has fallen for six days in a row for
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the first time since february. >> the first thing to say, it's not entirely unexpected. we saw cases beginning to plateau in early june, but i think we saw a subsequent large surge that was associated with the early england game. as the euros finished, we would certainly expect to see less of a drive on the case numbers. looking at scotland, we are actually mirroring what happened in scotland a couple of weeks before, 10 days or so after their last game, the case number started falling dramatically. and hospitalizations are now declining in scotland as well.
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♪ >> welcome, you're watching outside source live from bbc. the main story, president joe biden has said u.s. troops will end the combat mission in iraq by the end of the year. let's turn to tunisia, the country is facing a period of major upheaval after its president dismissed countries prime minister and suspended parliament following protest of the government's handling of a huge spike in covid cases. it's seen as a rare success story of the arab spring, tunisia emerged as a democracy back in 2011. is n facing a political crisis. the president ordered a month-ng curfew as he tries to establish calm. here's the president speaking late on sunday. >> first decision, freezing the
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functions of the parliament. the constitution does not allow its dissolutn, but allows the freezing of its activities. the president of the republic will take charge in the executive power with the help of the government which will be handled by new leader, appointed by the president of the republic. >> after the announcement that he would be taking over, large crowds of the president's supporters spilled onto the streets to celebrate. this is the capital of tunis, filled with people, many honking horns. >> it's the first time in my life i've heard a head of state take the correct decision. we have taken back our country. this is the first time i've gone out into the streets to celebrate. >> t this wasunis earlier on sunday. protesters clashed with the police. covid is one factor behind the
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unrest. the country experienced a record number of deaths last week and its vaccination campaign has had many problems. but there were other factors as well economic issues were partly behind the uprising back in 2011. here is what one protester had to say. >> our main demand is that the called for jobs and greateri dignity. i still call for jobs, freedom, and dignity. >> it has been denounced by the president's opponents. the party that was mentioned by that protester is a moderate islamist party. it's the biggest in parliament ends its supporters hold it up as the example of how a balance can be struck. this is the leader of the party
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and the speaker of the tunisian parliament. this is in the early hours of monday. he was blocked from entering the parliament building and he read's bonded with the sit-down -- he responded with a sit-down protest. >> today, we were surprised by supreme decisions that not only surprised the party but also the tunisian people. in a country that is proud of being the first arab democracy, and having the latest constitution announce decisions that are essentially a coup d'etat. it is called nothing but a coup. >> others are worried the move could destabilize the country and lead to more unrest. >> there is a conflict in tunisian soc which is dangerous. this conflict will lead to blood. it leads to bloodshed and violence, for what? >> there were clashes on the
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streets, rubbing stones at each other outside the parliament building which has been barraded by troops. some view the situation as a brazen power grab. others see it as necessa to move the country back on track. in just the last few hours, the white house press secretary, jen psaki, was asked about the situation, and this is her response. >> we are in touch at a senior level from both the white house and the state department with tunisian leaders to learn more about the situation and support tunisian efforts to move forward in line with democratic principles. there have been a lot of developments over theast 24 hours. a legal determination about -- a decision about a coup and we will look to the state department format for -- for a legal analysis. the white house obviously concern. a freelance journalist based in tunisia has written about the latest situation for the financial times, and sheiks find
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what is behind the unrest in tunisia. reporter: the crisis we saw on sunday, covid was the start. the crisis has been handled catastrophically here, but it is also a general situation of people feeling they are fed up and they need a change. people were happy with the city and becau -- with the sit-in because it was seen as a possible change in exit out of that previous situation. then there was also wariness and pele saying that it is good, it is change, but it's also scary because it's a step into the unknown. the fact that power had been taken in this way and that it is not clear where it is going.
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>> tell us a little bit about the president. you described him as a populist and also a political outsider. how is he viewed, and this decision to do this, how is that being seen? reporter: he was voted in a landslide victory in 2019 election. he was a political outsider and he didn't have a political party or political campaigning machine. he didn't have money behind his campaign. he wasn't part of the political elite with the connections, and that was something that appealed to people because at that time, people were feeling fed up with the politicians that were governing the country. they felt that things hadn't improved in the years since the revolution. so actually a number of different politicians that were
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kind of seen as outsiders were voted into parliament and he was kind of the ultimate outsider with his complete rejection of the political party structures. he always claimed that he was completely independent and not part of the group. >> recently we've seen many extreme weather events occurring in difrent parts of the glue. -- it's of the globe. now a group of prominent scientists are warning global ers that they are still not doing enough to tackle climate change. >> of fire crew drive through a wall of flame in california. and europe is burning too. they been struggling to contain fires in sardinia and northern spain.
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meanwhile, belgium was hit by deadly floods just two weeks after more than 200 people were killed in the worst flooding to hit germany for decades. in china is being battered by a typhoon. it comes after a year's rain fell in just three days last we in putin province. it is hard to imagine a more ominous backdrop -- fell in hunan province. >> from germany to china to canada or the united states, wildfires, floods, extreme heat waves. it is an ever-growing, tragic list. >> today researchers began to summarize climate change for the you in. -- for the u.n.
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it is being described as a wake-up call. >> we need to change course urgently, and before it's too late. >> will the politicians? ? rise to the challenge today, representatives of 51 countries met in this london hotel for critical discussions ahead of the glasgow conference. >> huge differences between countries remain. i can't agree to phase out coal, what to do about fossil fuel subsidies, let alone how to raise the $100 billion a year the richer world has agreed to pay the poorer world to help them with climate change. >> with the extreme weather the world has experienced the last two weeks, they hope will help focus the world on what it needs to cut emissions. >> some stark images.
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lots more as always on our website. you can get in touch with me via social media. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is proded by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you le your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.


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