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tv   BBC World News Today  PBS  July 23, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> this is bbc news. the sky over the stadium exploded with color as fireworks marked the start of the olympic games. in a pared back covid safe ceremony, small groups of athletes from more than 200 countries marched in the team's parade. in other news, the u.s. denies a change in policy as it bombs taliban positions in afghanistan. we get the story behind the soaring price of the beans in your coffee. here is a clue, it is not covid. also, we talked to the supermodel who has given up her
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career, saying it is incompatible with hemuslim faith. ♪ >> hello and welcome to bbc news in the world. after months of uncertainty and a buildup marred by controversy and resignations, the delayed 2020 are finally underway. even though the japanese capital is under a state of emergency because of covid, olc officials still managed to pull up a tughtful opening ceremony watched by millions across the globe. >> there was not ectly a party-like atmosphere in tokyo today. still a lot of fear and anxiety around the rising covid infection rates. this is still a city in a state
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of emergency with bars and restaurants shutting at 8:00, people being told to stay home and stay safe because of the pandemic. the cost of these olympic games and the pandemic mean there have been a lot of protests. recent opinion polls saying over 55% of the public did not want the olympic's to happen, and even as the ceremony got underway, we could hear a small crowd of vocal protesters outside the stadium chanting, saying stop the olympics, how can you call this a festival of peace? different emotions here in the japanese capital today. nonetheless, the ceremony happened, started with fireworks. very stripped-down and simple in terms of the ceremony. there were less than 1000 foreign dignitaries there, not nearly the number of athletes we would normally see in the stadium. t a message of hope that the olympics can be the light at the end of the tunnel of the
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pandemic. a somber moment when they paid tribute to those who have died from covid-19, and those who have cared for people around the world during the pandemic. very much a nod throughout the ceremony to what the world is facing right now, the fragile place the world is now in. as the games finally kick off, organizers will be hoping that our attention turns to what will happen in the field of play and sport. of course, they are still facing that massive challenge of keeping everyone connected to these games safe. >> well, it is the moment of truth. athletes will beetting ready for the games to begin. we can speak to dr. david fletcher, a sports psychologist. thank you for joining us. talk to us a little bit about what it must be like for these athletes now. this is an olympics like no other.
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>> it will be getting very real for them now. they will be getting a mixture of anxieties and nerves coupled with some excitement, especially during the opening ceremony this afternoon. it will be getting really real for them. it will be a mixture of positive and more negative emotions as they head into the competition. >> what kind of training will probably become handy now? sports men and women are use to blocking out all types of distractions. will this be a lot different from what they are use to? >> yention training. gone are the day when athletes just focus on physical and technical training. a lot of these athletes work alongside a sports psychologist on their staff to prepare for the games itself. we know the games is arguably the world.
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combine that with covid and all the restrictions, the worries and concerns around health, the lack of audience, those kinds of factors, but they would have considered that. the english institute of sport, who played a key role in preparing our athletes, have had a program for the past 18 months specifically on preparing the athletes for these challenges mentally. >> of course, they will not be any spectators, no fans to cheer them on. what sort of impact does that have on the psychology of an athlete? >> it differs from athlete to athlete. some get quite nervous walking out into a full arena. it is like a cauldron of fierce competition and the crowd itself can add a dynamic to that. of course, japanese athletes would have benefited from the home support. they no longer have that. it is on a case-by-case basis. i think the majority of the
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athletes, it will not make that much of a difference. if you think about it, they train on a daily basis without big crowds watching them, and they have been competing in the lead up to these games with low numbers of crowds or no crowds at all. the olympic trials have had minimal trials -- crowds. i think they will be ready for this and that will not be a key factor. getting a medal in the finals will be enough motivation for them. >> of course, the run-up has been different as well, many having different training conditions. well that have a significant effect on how they can perform on the day? >> it will again depend on the athletes themselves. those training in the national centers will probably have an advantage over those more spread out across the country. one of the big positives for great britain is our
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infrastructure, not jusour sporting system, but also our vaccine rollout. i think we probably have a bit of a head start over other untries in terms of preparing our athletes and getting them ready. if i am working with an athlete this evening, i'll be telling them to focus on what they have done well in their training, and also to remember a majority of their opposition will not have had the preparation they have had. >> i'm sure that we know when you'll be doing this weekend, watching the games. thank you for your time. these games have been a long time in the making. our correspondent is in tokyo. he has been assessinghe hurdles that these games have had to encounter. >> for the uno family, it's been a long and anxious wait to get to this moment. they are serious olympic fans. dad has spent over 3000 fan -- pounds on elliptic tickets, so
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you can imagine the mixed nations -- emotions they are feeling tonight. >> we think about the kids, the first time having the olympics held in the pan, so we were excited. >> i am very disappointed. if they were not going to have spectators, they should have postponed again until next year. then we could have welcomed people from abroad properly. >> those who think the show should have been scrapped long ago were out on thstreets again this evening. but they were vastly outnumbered by the crowds that have turned out to try and get a glimpse of the action. this was the park at lunchtime, as japan's air force display team tainted the rings across the sky. >> the olympics is a once-in-a-lifetime kind of event. i just wanted my kid to have experienced this, to see the athletes at least.
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due to this covid-19, things have got to be the way it is. >> for months, we have heard japan doesn't want to games, that people are afraid. it didn't look like it tonight. the contrast in between what is going on inside the elliptic stadium tonight and outside in tokyo could not be more stark. because of covid, the state of emergency, the stadium seats are empty, but here we are outside, tens of thousands of people gathered in public squares and parks to try and glimpse a bit of the action. if you go to the streets around here, restaurants are full, life is going on as normal. >> there is some strange logic going on here. >> i am sure the government is taking measures to prevent the spread of the virus by separating the athlete from the public. i am not worried. >> for some, these scenes show the ban on spectors is
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unnecessary, but with cases rising rapidly, others say this demonstrates exactly whe spectator ban is needed. >> let's step away from the olympics now. the u.s. has launched a number of airstrikes in afghanistan against taliban positions in recent days, despite having withdrawn 95% of its forces from the country. a pentagon spokesperson did not provide further details on the attacks, but the taliban said some have been close to the southern city of kandahar where militants were advancing in recent weeks. our afghanistan correspondent is in kabul. >> u.s. officials have confirmed a number of airstrikes were unched in support of afghan forces in recent days. we understand at least some of them have been around the southern city of kandahar, a city that is both strategically and symbolically important.
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there is increasing concern about the way the taliban are pressing in on it. these airstrikes are said to have targeted military equment and vehicles seized by the taliban from afghan forces. they were what was called over the horizon operations, involving aircraft not stationed in afghanistan, but flown in from elsewhere in the region for these strikes, flown out once again. these strikes will have been useful in holding back the taliban advance around the city, but there is concern what will happen at the end of august, the deadline for the withdrawal of all remaining international forces. the u.s. has been suggesting after august, any of these over the horizon airstrikes will no longer target the taliban, jt al qaeda and groups like is. kandahar is feeling pressure from the taliban. the group has seized around half of all territory in the country, though no major city as of yet. >> president xi jinping has paid
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a surprise visit to the politically sensitive region of tibet, the first by a chinese president in more than 30 years. his visit is only being covered by state media because of the sensitivities of the trip. many exiled tibetans accused beijing of religious repression. there have been tensions, too, with india. the head of our chinese service gave us his view of the purpose of the visit. >> there are speculations and analysis from different walks. the one main thought is that xi jinping is trying to emphasize his push for a different type of nationalist agenda. in recent years, people have noticed changes in some of the chinese ethnic policies, such as trying to force different ethnic groups to have a national identity, a melting pot identity. trying to make their religion and cultures more secularized,
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fitting into the main communist-led state structure. that is many people's interpretation. he is trying to put more emphasis on that. of course, the timing is also quite crucial. it is also at the juncture of 70 years of the chinese army entering tibet, signing what they called the peaceful liberation treaty. i think there are multiple factors here. >> stay with us on bbc news. still to come, we will hear from the supermodel who has given up her career because she says it is incompatible with her muslim faith. ♪ >> that is one small step for
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man, one giant leap for mankind. >> a catastrophic engine fire has been blamed tonight for t first crash in the 30-year history of concorde. the only supersonic airliner. >> it was one of the most vivid symbols of the violence and hatred that tore apart the state of yugoslavia. now, a decade later, it is being painstakingly rebuilt and is opening today. >> there has been a 50% decrease in spurned quantity and an increase in malfunctioning's perm unable to swim properly. >> thousands of households across the country are suspiciously quiet this lunchtime as children bury their noses in the final installment of harry potter. ♪ >> this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines. the ening ceremony of the tokyo olympics has taken place in a largely empty stadium. but the man in charge has described it as a day of hope. the u.s. bombs taliban positions in afghanistan despiteaving withdrawn 95% of its forces from the country. as water is pumped from tunnels submerged in deadly flash flooding, more bodies e being found in china's who and province, and the death toll is rising. it currently stas at 51 but is expected to rise further. officials say nearly 400,000 people have beenoved to safer areas and now the flooding has moved to different towns and cities in the province as more rivers burst their banks. our chinese correspondent reports from beijing. >> people in their hundreds of thousands have been moved to the safety in central china. deadly flash flooding following
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record-breaking heavy driving range has shut down cities and towns across the region. some people have been trapped for days, cut off by the rising waters without fresh food or water. officials say tens of thousands, of rescuers have been mobilized including the military, to reach stranded residents and evacuate the most dangerous areas. the rain has eased in the city, and water is being pumped from rail and car tunnels. as these tunnels are cleared, bodies are being found, pushing up the official death toll. while the emergency situation may have improved, elsewhere it's become more dire. floodwaters have spread to new locaons. small rivers aching their banks. makeshift bridges are being put into allow emergency teams to operate. onocial media, china's rapidly growing cities have been criticized for not better
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preparing for catastrophic weather events. at times, the drainage infrastructure here has not kept up with the increased population entity. scientists are mourning the source ofhis devastating weather can be traced back to climate change, leading to calls for a much more rapid plan to ameliorate it. over the coming days, the priority will be surviving the current flooding crisis. the rain has not stopped. over the weekend, a typhoon is expected to hit china's east coast. >> in western india, more than 100 people have been killed after torrential monsoon rains triggered landslides and flooding. officials say dozens of bodies have been recovered from a landslide in one district, with more feared trapped. hundreds of villages and towns are without electricity and drinking water.
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our correspondent reports. >> whole areas are underwater. the result of torrential rain triggering devastating landslides. battling fast flowing currents and submerged dangers, the country's nation disaster response. >> houses have collapsed in the landslide because of the rain. the rescue operation is going on. the latest report, we have recovered abou32 bodies. some more are said to be trapped. >> residents are now counting your losses. their homes and possessions lost or destroyed. >> i had three vehicles, all of them got submerged in the floodwater. they are all damaged. the furniture inside and outside also got damaged. >> this is monsoon season, but the rain has been too much for many areas to cope with. it is thought more than half a
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meter of rain fell in parts of the west coast in 24 hours. authorities were forced to evacuate people from low-lying areas as water was released from dams which were threatening to overflow. >> if the water is released from the dam today and the rainfall continues, floodwater could enter our homes. >> the situation is set to worsen. india's meteorological department has issued red alerts, indicating torrential rainfall is expected to continue. >> now, we could soon be paying more for our cappuccinos and lattes. that is because the price of coffee beans has gone through the roof. arava coffee futures have risen about 25% in a week to their highest imore than six and a half years. so what is behind the record strike -- spike? >> the reason for the big price jump is because brazil, the
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world's largest producer of coffee, the world's largest exporter of coffee has just suffered some pretty bad news on its crops. brazil earlier this year had a very b drought, historically bed, so this year was already going to be a small crop. overnight, this week, we have had severe frosts. temperatures falling below five degree -- this is their winter -- in this kind of frost has not happened since 1994, and this has the big potential to impact next year's crops. you could have two crops consecutively much lower tha needed. >> in south africa, towns and cities are cleaning up after the recent riots that killed over 200 people. the unrest is set to hit the economy hard and could lead to the loss of thousands of jobs. but it could have been much worse at it not been for communities workg together.
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we report about how one man managed to save over 2000 jobs. >> he is celebrating an end to an unusual mission in soweto. >> we have the confidence to carry on this mission and see it through. the mall is open and the mission was a success. >> during the recent looting that rocked the country, the biggest shopping complex remained untouched. >> i said this is much bigger than me. i cannot stop it alone, so i will callll of them to rise and take responsibility. >> soweto's other shopping center was ransacked and remains closed. the riots were sparked by the arrest of former preside jacob zuma, after he failed to appear before a corruption inquiry. it quickly degenerated into widescale looting.
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when the dusk settled, over 200 people had lost their lives. around 160 more were badly damaged. some 3000 shops had been looted. this flame is a symbol of o young democracy. it burns day and night. the eventsf la week, which president cyril ramaphosa calls an insurrection, jeopardized years of nationbuilding and highlighted that even our so-called stable democracy can come under threat. >> socioeconomic factors were also to blame. some have been running for years that an implosion was looming. >> there is no society on the planet that can sustain this level of impoverishment and desperation without some kind of massive up people. >> three out of four youths are unemployed, leaving many disillusioned about their future. >> people are living in poverty. there is nothing.
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there is nothing. >> living here is a struggle every day. you have to make sure that you get out of here. >> the economic repercussions caused by the civil unrest are already being felt across the country. it could cost $3.4 billion in lost -- and jeopardize 150,000 jobs. >> we need to expedite the implementation of job creation, ensuring that we also, as we grow the economy, we grow the economy sustainably and equitably. >> if not for people like him, it could have been much worse. as a young community leader, he is proud to have saved over 2000 jobs at the mall. >> it makes me speechless and emotional to see people are working. we have people whose jobs are saved. the mall is functioning. for me, it warms my heart. >> nelson mandela once said, it
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is easy to break down and destroy. the heroes are those that make peace and build. but what these riots have reminded us, there are millions up or and marginalized people in this country, and they have a voice. they, too, want to be heard in this democracy. >> when the supermodel halima aden announced she was quitting modeling in november last year because it was incompatible with her muslim faith, her exit sent shockwaves through the fashion industry. now, after becoming a trail blazer per wearing a hijab on the catwalk, says that toward the end of her career, she had lost control of her identity. here is what she had to say. >> it is not that i was made to do things that i didn't want, but like many models, you start out young. i was 19 when i started modeling. i remember bringing suitcase two
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sets full of his jobs,abrics, leggings, sweaters, turtlenecks, all of these things that i would bring and work with the stylist onset to achieve the shoot. the last two years of my career, i trusted the stylist onset to style me. that is when i saw my image was changing, my hit job style was changing, cap getting smaller and smaller. in a way, i had almost lost my true identity as a hijab wearing woman because the styles they were dressing me in did not really make it a hijab. it was hats and accessories, ever sachi this and that, in place of a traditional hijab. along with a lot of people, when covid-19 happened, i had the chance to reflect. like many people, i decided that i wanted to make career changes. >> halima aden.
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the olympic games been formally opened by the emperor of japan in a pared down ceremony in tokyo. stay with us on bbc narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.


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