tv BBC World News America PBS July 16, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ anchor: i'm laura trevelyan in new york city. this is "bbc news america." ethiopia, we report from a refugee camp in neighboring sudan. >> they suffered through famine and conflict. they are now talking about a clean break, full independence from ethiopia, a nation they see as cruel and crumbling. anchor: the worst flooding to hit central europe in decades has killed 120 people. in germany, torrential rainfall. >> there is nothing you can do.
you can run from fire, but not water. laura: european officials say the floods are a result of climate change. our cheech -- our chief environmental correspondent takes a look. plus, a headache for the tokyo olympics. but, for the city hosting the gymnasts, there is no hiding the excitement. ♪ laura: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. in ethiopia there are fears renewed conflict over the country's tigray region may spark civil war. it began last year when the ethiopian government launched an offensive against tigrayan forces in the north, both sides accused of atrocits.
the bbc heard reports of ethnic cleansing against tigrayans. many are now living in camps in neighboring sudan. our african correspondent has traveled to ethiopia's border with sudan to speak to people who fled the fighting. reporter: three teenaged boys emerged from the gloom, trudging their way to safety. they have escaped from tigray overnight across a river and well guarded border carrying nothing except stories of conflict, of old neighbors turning on each other, in a war threatening a crucial chunk of africa. >> some armed soldiers came. they gave us two days. reporter: there is an ethnic cleansing going on in the town across the border here?
>> yes. we feel bad because it is our country, our land. reporter: the boys are of fighting age and may soon be needed back in tigray, but for now they are safe, across the bord in sudan. a grim life in this refugee camp beckons. in the makeshift clinic, one remarkable refugee is looking after thousands. he was a surge in back home. now he is part doctor, part chronicler of tigray's latest agonies. >> there is no food and no water. they were told they would be punished by hunger. reporter: starved. his clinic is overwhelmed.
not just by the flood of new arrivals. a single mother of two here. overwhelmed by their stories. >> they have killed young men. >> i heard gun fighting. when i turned around, they were dead. reporter: how does it feel to witness such atrocities? >> iran. i thought they would kill me, too. reporter: the woman asks us to hide her identity, a common request as communities turn on each other in ethiopia. the war is going to go on and on? >> for sure. we used to be brother and sister, the people. we are not giving our land. the blood is going to continue.
>> [singing in non-english language] reporter: a refugee sings of her learning for home, for tigray. it sounds like a lay meant -- lament for ethiopia, too. you get a real sense this conflict is far from over. tigrayans have suffered much, through famine and conflict. they are now talking about a clean break, full independence from ethiopia, a nation they see as cruel and crumbling. if that means they have to keep fighting for it, then so be it. another young man thrashes his way across the river border. better to drown he says, than
stay behind and to be killed by militias. on the cliffs nearby, other refugees gather, hoping for news of relatives. their doctors pondering ethiopia's fate. >> i don't want to be in the same category as these people, my sisters that hav killed my brothe and sisters, that have destroyed my places. to be in the same spot, it is gone. reporter: the summer storm season is beginning, adding to the anxieties here. >> cannot sleep at night, just thinking, what will happen to the kids? what will i do the next day? how will i feed them? i think a lot of things.
i feel sorry for them. reporter: for thousands of families, another night away fr home. all plans suspended, all sense of order lost, as ethiopia's war lurches on. andrew harding, bbc news on the sudan-ethiopia border. laur desperate scenes as people flee tigray. across western europe trying to reach those stranded by devastating floods and find those still missing. survivors in germany and belgium are shocked by the speed at which the flooding happened. more than 120 people have died. the power of the water has been immense. this is what the village looked like before the floods. this is what it looks like after. the water caused major destruction. you can see the surge was so powerful it completely destroyed a major bridge in the town. our germany correspondent
reports from a nearby germantown. reporter: the ground fell away. this is a town where overnight houses collapsed as the water gushed in. another shock for a country reeling from the enormity of its loss. it happened so fast. officials said there was no time for a warning. rescuers rushed in, but this morning authorities say people trapped in their homes were calling them for help, and in many cases, could not reach them. those who did make it out came to shelters like this. johannes and his wife were winched to safety. he arrived soaking wet. what were you thinking as they lifted you out? i had to leave m cat, he said. there have been floods, but not like this. >> you can run from fire, but
not from water. reporter: tens of thousands still do not have power. water levels have dropped in some areas, but few here feel safe. you can see how powerful the water is still. what is worrying people in this area, upstream there is a dam. experts say it is unstable. they are still inspecting it. they think if that dam breaks, the water is heading in this direction. every hour, news of more deaths. people are still missing. with mobile networks down, it is hard to know how many made it to safety. they are desperate for help here. this w a caravan park. how to even begin clearing up. we met the owners, still visibly in shock. >> indescribable. we have been here since 1979. we have never seen anything like this.
if we do not get help, we have to go on benefits. think wrapped. reporter: germany, a country famed for its strength, security, feels vulnerable now. laura: jenny is now in germany's ahr valley, from where she joins us. our rescuers -- are trying to get people? jenny: yes. one of the greatest sources of distress is the fact so many are unaccounted for. authorities say that is partially due to the fact there is little mobile phone coverage. that means it is difficult for people to get in touch with loved ones if they have been moved to an emergency shelter. it is difficult to get a hand on the exact number of people missing. even though the waters are starting to reseed -- recede, the water will rise over the coming days. in the town erftstadt, they are
still looking for people. they were sending divers into houses, which is still underwater, to have a look inside. it is still a search operation. a press conference earlier with regard to the operation in that town, they got about 100 or so people out of that particular area. you saw the pictures, catastrophic what happened. it is probably a question of trying to locate missing people rather than getting people out of their homes. it was difficult for emergency services. they tried to get people out by boat, helicopter. at times there were people they could not get to. laura: you have been reporting how germans feel vulnerable tonight. did they feel they got enough warning about this epic flooding? jenny: of all the people we have spoken to, they said there was
not any warning. a lot of people were taken by surprise, the speed at which the rain came and in such volume. subsequently how quickly the floodwaters rose. when we talk about the first night of flooding on wednesday, many say the water was at their feet one mine. 20 minutes, itad reached waist high. you mentioned the power of the water, trying to get out of floodwater when it is flowing that fast into your property, into caravans along this stretch of the ahr valley. you can imagine how stressful that would be. in erftstadt last night, one official reckoned 10 minutes it was rushing in. there s no chance to warn people. laura: that dam you are reporting on that is close to you, is it holding tonight? jenny: experts have been looking
at it all day. they have not found any major cracks, which is what the were concerned about. a sigh of relief. they are saying it is still a potential danger. a number of houses have been evacuated from the immediate area. those people have been told, d't go back home, they are still concerned about the structure itself. laura: jenny hill, thank you. as jenny has been reporting, german politician say the extreme weather is a result of climate change and they are calling for urgent action to protect the climate. justin reports on how climate change affected that record rainfall in germany. reporter: the floods in germany are not the only extreme weather event we have seen this summer. there was a dramatic heat wave in canada last month and russia, mexico, new zealand have been experiencing unusually high temperatures.
the climate science is clear. it has been predicting not just for years but for decades that if we continue to pump huge amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, we will experience increasingly high temperatures. and because warm air holds more moisture, that means heavier rainfall and therefore floods. >> we only have to look at the pictures of these devastating floods to know we need to do better. it is not ok for this number of people to die in 2021 from reporter: is the world doing enough to tackle climate change? the answer is clear, it is not. the u.n. says we need to reduce carbon emissions by 7% every year for the next decade if we stand a chance of staying within what is the safe limit, 1.5 deees centigrade. we did achieve that last year,
but in the teeth of the pandemic. it encourages the world to raise its carbon cutting game when it meets at the landmark climate conference in glasgow i november. laura: there is more extreme weather forecast for the pacific northwest next week. a pulitzer prize-winning journali killed in afghanistan while covering fighting between afghan forces and the taliban. danish siddiqui, the chief photographer for writers in india. his photo essays on the pandemic and funerals gained attention. coal stations can buy the power to pollute from stations with a lower footprint. it is part of china's plan to get to zero emissions.
los angeles is again requiring people to wear masks indoors in public spaces as covid infections rise. it is only a month since covid rules in l.a. were lifted. a number of counties have imposed similar measures. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come -- a new movie about anne frank is making waves at the cannes film festival. we will be hearing from the director. >> let's go toouth africa and the violence there. 212 people died from the unrest, twice as many as they previously said. we explain the sharp rise in the nuer of people now killed. reporter: even as the situation is less volatile in the two
provinces, the government says they have seen a decreased number of incidents. that number has increased dramatically as the cleanup is taking place. dead bodies are being found. that is accounting for the dramatic death rise over the 24 hours, almost double. there are pockets of insecurity, looting taking place. there were about 1500 incidents reported overnight. as much as the situation has come to a certain extent, the threat is not over yet. ♪ laura: the olympic games begin in a week in japan, but tokyo is back under a state of emergency due to rising covid cases. while enthusiasm for the games may be muted in the capital, elsewhere in japan, there is
great excitement about being the host nation, especially in small towns where the foreign teams are staying. our correspondent has been to northern japan as they welcome the bulgarian gymnastics team. reporter: not many japanese kids are lucky enough to have a former international gymnast as their teacher. not just any gymnast. antoinette was once a wod-class gymnast competing for bulgaria. for the last two years she has been teaching here in the mountains of northern japan. >> dreams come true. what an experience to come here to a place i already love. to work with gymnastics, that was my childhood, my passion. reporter: five years ago, they invited the bulgarian women
gymnastics team to make this place their olympic hometown. that was before covid. this hotel manager shows me the route the bulgarian team will have to take to get back to their rooms. at every stage team members will have to be kept separate from other guests. news that two ugandan athletes tested positive for covid after arriving in japan has added to his worries. >> when i heard about the ugandan team, i was concerned. the infection could spread around the team. that is what i am most worried about. reporter: murayama is an exemplar of what the whole olympic spirit is supposed to be about, but because of covid, the
enthusiasm is tempered with anxiety. that is because places like this in rural japan have lots of old people and so far, almost no covid infections. that is not going to stop keiko. she is the founder of the murayama's gymnastics support club. she thinks of the team as her adopted granddaughters. she can't wait to see them complete. -- compete. >> there is a lot of criticism because of covid, but i really wanted to be in tokyo to see them perform. family and friends cannot come. i wanted to come to let them know we arbehind them. repoer: the majority of japanese may be skeptical about the games taking place, but here in murayama, there is real excitement as they await the
arrival of their bulgarian granddaughters. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news, northern japan. laura: excitement despite covid. the diary anne frank wrote while hiding from nazis in amsterdam during world war ii has inspired numero films and movies. the cannes film festival has an animated movie by a top israeli director. it has been getting strong reviews and generating controversy as tom bruck reports from cannes. >> this secret apartment will be our hiding place. reporter: much of the new animation set while anne frank was hiding in amsterdam, but moves between the past and future, with a focus on kitty, anne's imaginary friend from her diary. its being hailed as the first international holocaust film for children.
the israeli director has emphasized frank's humanity to make her engaging with a new audience. >> she is aeenager with all the cliched problems of a teenaged girl. she has endless issues with her mother, coming-of-age issues about boys. >> come down, i am waiting for you. >> she was sometimes funny, sometimes mean. reporter: his film has won praise, but at a reception for israeli cinema, it was controversial because the narrative suggested the plight of refugees in contemporary europe has characteristics in common with the persecution of jews during the holocaust. >> it took the memory of the holocaust and put it in the current context of what is happening in europe with refugees coming from the middle east and the way they are being treated. e fact he is putting it in an
equal way will be problematic in israel. reporter: he is accustomed to this type of criticism. >> nothing can be compared to the holocaust of the jews. nothing can be compared from one genocide to another, one war to another. we take this piece of history and use it as a tool to teach our audience what is happening today. not compare, not make a parallel, but how use it. reporter: there is a sense of urgency surrounding his film, to get it out to audiences as quickly as possible at a time when reports of anti-semitism are increasing and the holocaust continues to be denied. industry experts at the cannes film festival think the prospects are good. >> i see huge potential for that all over the world. every family will want their children to see this film. it will open their eyes to
something they need to know about. reporter: will it engage children? >> yes, and it could be a major oscar contender. reporter: in cannes, ari folman reminds audiences through cinema of a jewish girl's tremendous zest for life. >> everyone was in love with me. laura: before we go tonight, the eiffel tower in paris has reopened after being closed to tourists since last year due to the pandemic. it was the longest shut down since world war ii. the number of sites has been reduced since covid. a marching band commemorated the occasion. paris told the world, tourism is coming back. one of the first visitors proposed to his girlfriend at the top. thankfully, she did accept.
paris is still the city of love, you'll be happy to hear. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. have a gre narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." covid on the rise. hospitalizations increasing areas of low vaccination as misinformation about the virus abounds. then, at the extreme, major flooding turns deadly and destructive across europe, with climate change as a major factor. plus, raising the future. is this a moment for the country to step up to do more, to provide good childcare? now that the pandemic has exposed a system that is inadequate and unequal. childcare is an investment. obviously,or the parent that needs to be part of it.