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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  July 14, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> hello, this is "outside source." south africa is to deploy up to 25,000 troops to try to quell six days of looting and violence . this is the heart stopping ment a woman throws her baby to safety from a burning building. we spoke to her. >> i wasn't, like the way i was panicking, i was trusting anyone to take my baby, the place was burng. >> i will also be talking to the brother of a former south african president. also coming up later on the program, the children of foreign parents into the islamic state
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face a lifetime of imprisonment inian camps. >> for some it is even worse, a lifetime of horrors having lost one or both parents. >> the mayor of england has urged the government to make masks mandatory in public transport as 42,000 casesf covid-19 are reported in the u.k. in a single day. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. we start in south africa, where the president is to increase to 25,000 the number of troops deployed in sponse to the violence that has gripped parts of the country. the catalyst was the arrest last week of the foer president,
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jacob zuma, but it has gone beyond that. we will get into that in a little bit. first, let's take a look at thesimages. [screaming] >> shocking, right? a mother throwing her baby to safety from a burning building. the lady was on the third floor with her baby at the time and she spoke to us afterwards. >> i looked down. i was scared, i was really scared, but there were people in the street. i wasn't, like the way i was panicking, i was trusting anyone with my by, to take my baby away from me because the place was burning and there was smoke outside. it was so very bad. i was panicking. >> meanwhile, this man, take a look, returned repeatedly to the same building to help people escape. we are also seeing aerial shots
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of various warehouse is in durban, all of them set on fire. supermarkets and warehouses plundered and destroyed, this is now happening, long lines outside shops and petrol stations. some stations are limiting the amount that motorists can buy. earlier firefighters lined the streets to start cleaning up, residents armed with broomsticks joining in. let's hear from some of the business owners. >> it's over. it's over. overhead. how am i going to this money? with what? >> i saw the place engulfed in flames. i feel like committing suicide, because my livelihood has been taken away from me. >> the arson, the looting, the
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city of durban. it is also the province of tang, unrest including in johannesburg. let's hear from the bbc correspondent on the streets. >> a number of towns and cies across south africa have been burning, putting right here in johannesburg. this is the way that looters have basically ransacked the whole area. things have become so volatile, the president has called upon the army to come and support the police, who need rest and are not able to cope. >> as you heard, the army has been called into help the police but they are still struggling to maintain the unrest and the president says he wl order more troops onto the streets to stop violence from spreading but the failure so far is leading to this.
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south africans forming vigilante groups, taking the law into their own hands. the footage there is from social media showing open warfare between lewd -- showing warfare between looters and armed citizens in the backyard of jacob zuma. let's hear about what the residence are making of the unrest. >> i feel bad, we are using these shops. we are going to be hungry. the situation is a bad situation . trains are not there, railways are not there. you can't go to town now. >> its increasing unemployment and some of us are unemployed. whatever they are doing is not ok. we don't know where to go. >> so, why is this happening?
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>> it was after the arrest of this man, jacob zuma, the former president recently sentenced to 50 months in jail for contempt of court and he is facing charges of corruption. despite his legal issues, he still has a lot of support in his home province. and other places. his supporters mobilized on ethnic grounds and believe that an attack on mr. zuma is an attack on their nation. what originally began as demonstrations against his arrest quickly deteriorated. no political chanting, no signboards, just looting and violence. it's hard to tell how much of what's happening is down to hunger and the lack of jobs. here in south africa, inequality, poverty, unemployment, often described as a ticking time bomb and these incidents of the last couple of days are a conquence of the social economic problems plaguing the country. >> despite the clear criminality
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and violence around what's going on, some south africans still believe it's about the former president. >> it is about jacob zuma. it is about jacob zuma. it's not just federal. this was the day of his ousti. that is when the things started. most people didn't want him to be innocent in the beginning. the president of this country should have done something to prevent this. >> well, for the latest on what's happening on the ground, we have more from johannesburg. >> according to the government, the situation is better with fewer incidents of vandalism and looting compared to what we have seen over the last couple of days. having said that, the looting continues. we have seen images of ordinary people in different communities
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moving into warehouses, taking what they can, even going through the debris that has been left over the last couple of days to see what they can find. there is a sense of trauma from some of those communities that we heard from earlier. these communities that have formed vigilante groups just to ensure that their businesses are not attacked that the looters don't return. a lot of them are saying they feel as if the government failed them and it is too late. 40,000 businesses we understand have been destroyed. there really is a sense that even though the government says the numbers are coming down, that this is far from over. >> i have heard that, definitely, people feeling it was too late. but do we know for certain about who, exactly, is behind the riots? the people speaking to us are those, their businesses have been affected, for example. >> well, in the beginning the
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protests were clear. it was very political, th support or former president jacob zuma. what we have seen is that groups of people in communities have capitalized on that to protest, to loot is ts is. but what the government is saying is that the targets are not just businesses anymore. that state infrastructure is being targeted. water treatment, communication infrastructure. they are saying that this is not just disgruntled youth unhappy th levels of high unemployment , but that there is a hidden hand behind it. they say they are investigating a dozen or so people who they think might have instigated all of this. still, no arrests have been made and it really isn't clear what is behind these protests. ♪ >> well, let us turn to syria,
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now, a bbc investigation found that foreign children are facing a lifetime of imprisonment in northeast syria with little hope of being released. they are removed from desert camps to adult prisons. quentin sommerville reports. >> tracked in syria, it's the longest journey fororeign i.s. fighter children. this is the home of lost boys. their parents brought them here from across the globe. from the age of 12 upwards they were kept under armed guards. london and pakistan were once home for this 13-year-old, l his mom joined i asked -- i.s.
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his sketchbook, and adulation, and a single t-shirt are the only him -- the only reminders of a carefree childhood. >> my bigger brother, when he was going he said to me that maybe i would come back after a few months. >> he was fighting for the is not state? >> but i heard he got shot by a sniper in then his friends came and they brought their stuff and they came and took his stuff, you know? my bigger sister got killed from apogee and she got killed. my small sister and my small brother and my mom got killed in the same house. >> what do you think about the people who are bombing and shooting? >> they have to do it, this is their coury. syria is not for us.
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>> when you get outf here, when you leave syria what is the first thing you are going to do? >> see my family, my aunt, that kind of thing,ell them my story. >> this is no sanctuary. when he turns 18 he will go to an adult is in. some 5000 foreign kids are trapped in syria. they di't choose to come here. most of their countries would rather forget that they exist. left behind, they will endure a life as bleak as anything the islamic state's promised them. quentin sommerville, bbc news, northeast syria. >> in response to that report, the u.k. government issued a statement saying that their priority is to ensure the safety and security of the u. and that they will do whatever is necessary to protect the u.k. from those who pose a threat to security and when we become
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aware of unaccompanied or orphaned children in syria, we will work to facilitate their return subject to national security considerations. stay with us. on "outside source," still to come, bry spears and her fight to end her father's conservatorship heads back to court. ♪ at least 13 people killed in a bus explosion in pakistan, cherry -- carrying chinese engineers to the north. >> they are trying to establish what's behind the incident and in particular whether the bus was hit first by a blast. the suggestion from a number of sources is that that is exactly what happened, but nothing has been confirm yet. some officials suggested that it could have been some kind of boat accident. now china is heavily invested in pakistan. the countries are close allies.
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china is invved in infrastructure projects across the country worth billions and there have been attacks on chinese interests before, but significantly they have generally been in the southwest of the country, part of -- part of an ongoing insurgency by a separatist group and if this is confirmed to be a military attack it will be an ongoing investigation for the pakistani military authorities. ♪ >> this is "outside source," live it from the bbc news room. 12,000 troops to be deployed in south africa in an eort to quell 16 days of looting and violence. london is the first city in england to insist on face coverings in the transport network when government eases restrictions in five days time.
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here is the mayor of london. >> what would have been far better is for the national rules to continue to apply across the country. not just in london, but across the country. that would provide clarity and avoid confusion and would have meant we could have used the police service to enforce the law. i'm quite clear from the conversations i have had with londoners, businesses and others, require people to continue to wear a face confident gives them confidence in using the public transport system. >> on the 19th of july, most restrictions that have been in place in england for over a year will be lifted. my clubs will be allowed to reopen for the first time since the pandemic began and capacity limits will be removed for all venues and events. there won't be any longer any limits on the one meter plus distancing rule.
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masks and social distancing will be enforced by the government d it will be up to local authorities. as you were hearin london made fat -- made face masks a condition of carrying over that efl and other cities are looking up following suit. here is the mayor of manchester. >> if we put ourselves in the shoes of somebody who has to use public transport to go for chemo, dialysis, it absolutely makes sense that they have confidence people will be wearing face coverings around them in the context of the guidance for the people who e clinically in danger. they were told they should avoid people who are not vaccinated. how on earth are they to know who is vaccinated and who is not? >> face masks have been mandatory across england on public transport for the past year treduce the spread of the virus and there is huge public support for that according to recent polls. according to transport focus,
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56% of londoners said they wouldn't use public transport unless passengers are required to wear a face are concerns. >> what we don't think is helpful in the long term is creating this impression that public transport is somehow less safe than other indoor settings. >> professor young, here's his assessment on whether they should be mandatory on public transport. >> one of the big concerns is relying on personal responsibility rather than collective responsibility. there is obviously a concern that people won't be wearing face masks in public places and on public transport. we know that this virus, particularly this delta variant with the rising case numbers every day, it's more infectious on one important measure, protecting you, it's about wearing a face mask and i think it is all very confusing and, to
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be frank, worrying. >> well, there has been a lot of criticism around the decision to lift restrictions in july. let's hear from the head of the british medical association. >> the right thing for people to a crowded, underground train, then why are they saying on the one hand you should do that, but then remove the restriction? it doesn't make logical sense. we know that the virus will spread in those situations and the government itself has accepteds many as 100,000 new cases per day, resulting in more people in hospital, probably the highest numbers in the whole of europe. >> key to the rationale behind easing restrictions is the vaccination program. two thirds of adults in the u.k. have been estimated to receive both doses of the vaccine. the latest figures show 87% of adults have received a first
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dose of the vaccine and while the roll up has slowed -- rollout has slowed, recent public health england figures show that of the 92,000 confirmed dell tech cases between the first of february and 22nd of june, 58% were completely unvaccinated people. only 8% were fully vaccinated. however, in those same figures, of those that died of the alta variant, 14 .3% were fully vaccinated and it is this lack of full guaranteed protection as things are to be eased that is causing concern. let's hear from catherine burns. >> totally uncharted territory, restrictions have been added, case rise. but that isn't the case anymore. what is happening now is thean is to have it burn itself out with no restrictions.
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because this is so different, it makes hard for modelers to predict what is happening next. the phrase they keep using is huge uncertainty and they are talking about between 1000 in 2000 hospital admissions per day this summer. that's just the middleground. some of the estimates are higher, others are lower. one thing that they are very clear on, though, the way the public behaves could make the difference. >> thanks to catherine. there are now cautionary tales coming in from other countries who have lifted restrictions. the netherlands, restrictions on nightclubs were loosened on the 26 of june, but by july the cases were rising at a significant rate and last week they rose by more than 500%. more than 60% of those cases were among people aged 15 to 25 and 40% of those that knew where they had been infected said that it happened ring a night out.
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monday, a fortnight since, rules on nightclubs were reimposed. then there is israel, where just a month ago the country was celebrating a return to so-called normal life. israelis had stopped wearing face masks and abaoned social distancing rules following a rapid vaccination drive that had driven down infections and death, but a surge in the delta variant has forced a change in strategy. face facts -- face masks have been reintroduced and aaron dean for those entering the country. here is professor young again on what the u.k. should be thinking about as they reduce restrictions. >> we should listen to what is going on in wales and scotland, where gradual removal of restrictions is probably the best approach. the delta variant, as has been reported, it is happening in countries like israel, the
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netherlands. we thought that they wer without it, that they had vaccinated large portions of the population and in israel now they recognize how important it is to vaccinate youngsters. they have started a program to vaccinate all youngsters over the age of 12 and we know that the vaccine are highly effective and safe. it's a bit misleading as we think about these figures and hear about the number of adults doubling their jab, what's important is the overall level of the protective immunity in the total population. that something like 52% now total vaccinated in the population of the u.k. >> britney spears' fight to end her father's conservatorship is headed back to court and today could mark big changes in the
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case. her father has been her conservator for the past 13 years because of conces, he says, over his daughters mental health, giving him control over her personal and financial affairs. last month she delivered a testimony in court and it is the fit time she has woken out publicly about her case and she didn't hold back. "i am traumatized, this consumer to ship is doing me -- conservatorship is doing me way more harm than good and i deserve to have a life here comes my this kick started a major series of changes in her case. first her court-appointed lawyer asked to resign. he had come under scrutiny. the wealth management firm, a co-conspirator of her financial assets, alongside her father, withdrew from overseeing her estate. her manager stepped down after overseeing her career since the
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mid-90's. her father, jamie spears, has asked the court to investigate her allegations. it's not clear if she will appear in court today, will one issue is whether she will be able to select and hire her own lawyer. she has been in love with this man, y see. matthew rosen guard. he's expected to appear remotely in court this evening to argue that it is her constitutional right to choose her own lawyer. a conservatorship attorney in los angeles and supporter of the free britney movement, he's what she makes of this testimony. >> the statements she made regarding representation were significant and tied to the idea that before the court should have taken away any of r rights, she certainly had the constitutional right to hire an attorney -- an atty of her own choice in the beginning. i think that today the court
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will absolutely let her have an attorney of her own choice and everything will start changing very rapidly. >> when you say changing, what do you expect to happen? that she has control of her affairs again in the distant future? >> there will have to be in order thaterminates conservatorship. i don't have any insider information, but if i was standing in the shoes of her torney, i would go to the court of appeals and ask them to find that the conservatorship was ver warranted in the first place. conservatorships are meant for people who are truly unable to provide for their own health, safety, food, clothing, and shelter. it was never meant to control the lives of people who are actively able to run their own lives, performnd so forth.
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that would be the first step. second, if that doesn't work, file immediately a petition for termination on the conservatorship. >> narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for erica's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.

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