tv BBC World News America PBS July 7, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i am in washington dc and this is bbc world news america. a state of siege has been declared in haiti after the president was killed in his home. the islands borders are close. new york hosts a parade to honor front-line workers who help the city recover from covid, but with the rise of the delta variant, is it too early to celebrate? taliban advances in afghanistan as government forces fight to stay in control. plus, honoring a legend of indian cinema.
we will look back on a life in film. welcome to world news america and pbs and around the globe. kt is in turmoil, a state of siege declared after the assassination this morning of the president. he was at home with his wife who is now in hospital. the earthquake of 2010, hurricanes, cholera, covid, decades of political instability. the interim prime minister has called on the public to remain calm. reporter: haiti is a country in chaos where acts of everyday life owes a mortal risk. accused of corruption, the
president faced mass protests. the interim prime minister described his assassination which came after weeks of escalating violence. still recovering from the devastating earthquake in 2010, the hurricane that struck six years later, parts of the country remain inaccessible. the siege between heavily armed gangs, violence. yet, the police have been largely invisle. government silent. now, calls for the international community to act are getting louder. >> we need more information. but it is very worrisome. reporter: with covid cases searing in a country where few hospital beds are shared by strangers, and vaccinations are
almost unheard of, the sense of insecurity on the streets has intensified. the shooting of the president and his wife proof that no one is safe. sophie long, bbc news. laura: the taliban is continuing to make advances in afghanistan after the begin withdrawal of american forces. fierce fighting with government troops interrupted in a major city. it is the first time the taliban have tried to take over a provincial capital. here's our correspondent. reporter: the telegram fighter poses for the camera. these are government soldiers and commanders. you can see they have all surrendered. the insurgents launched an assault on the northwestern city early this morning. they have been taking more and more territory in recent weeks,
but this is the first time during this offensive they have attacked a major city. dozens of prisoners streamed out from the jail. meanwhile, government forces have been trying to push them back. >> the enemy that is fighting with us have suffered casualties, and some parts of the city have been defeated. my last word is to keep composure. reporter: the telephone have launched a series of major tacks in recent weeks as international troops are close to withdrawing. u.s. officials have said 90% of their forces have been pulled out, ahead of a formal deadline in september. the afghan air force is conducting strikes that once would have been carried out by americans, but there are fears about how long the government can continue to risk the taliban.
in this city, soldiers said they managed to clear the taliban out. but with negotiations yet to make any progress, today's fighting represents yet another escalation into conflict that only looks set to be getting any worse. laura: let's get back to our top story, the assassination of the haitian president. we have the former prime minister with us, thank you for being with us. haitian ambassador to the u.s. has said that well-trained professionals killed the president. who do you suspect is behind us? >> it is a group of mercenaries. there is a group of 30 of them hold up and being surrounded by some of the police, they are exchanging gunfire.
about 10 minutes away from the presidents house. we are asking for help in ntaining them. once they are caught, they will be able to certainly get to the bottom of it and see who the financiers are of such a brazen operation. laura: are you asking for the united states to help in the investigation? >> i believe that to the current prime minister, but certainly we need all the help we can get. this is a catastrophe of major proportion. the head of state being assassinated in his house, a democratically elected leader, who only has six months left in his mandate. the last time a leader was assassinated in haiti was 1950
and it triggered the u.s. occupation thereafter. there -- right now we need assistance from the u.s. and others to try and contain th ese assassins. they are mercenaries, they are foreign mercenaries, acting under the banner. it is important to catch them and bring them to justice. laura: if haiti's president can be killed in his bed, how can ordinary haitians have confidence in law and order? >> like i said, this was a grp of mercenaries that came from abroad, well-paid, well-financed, and had one target. now, the investigation should
start with catching the culprits in turn to pay for it. they are not cheap. this is very complex and expensive. to have the ability to kill a sitting president is shameful and catastrophic. laura: the president had been ruling by degree for more than a year. you are said to be an informal advisor. were you uing him to stay in office through the protests? >> the president was elected democratically for five years. he was just carrying out his mandate. the president started in 2017 for five years, february of 2022 at the end of his mandate. some people made it seem as if the mandate expired four years
into it which is completely false. it is a 16 month mandate that started in 2017. laura: thank you so much for joining us tonight. here in the united states, the battle against covid is taking two different paths. new york city was the scene of celebration at the big apple hosted a tickertape parade for frontline workers. new york with the global epicenter last year. now it has bounced back with fewer than 200 new cases per day. restrictions have been lifted, but some are warning it may be too early to pop the champagne because of the delta variant. according to the cdc, this training account for more than half of the new cases in the united states. that is the big picture. in the midwestern states of missouri, kansas and iowa, where than 80% of new infections are from the delta variant. in utah and colorado it makes up
nearly three quarterof new infections. joining us now is dr. tom friedman, the former director of the cdc who is now president and ceo of resolve to save lives. thanks so much for being with us. do you think it is little early to celebrate? >> we are certainly in much better shape than me were before, but we are not completely outf the woods. one, the delta variant is spreading rapidly. we have seen from the united kingdom and israel that even places that have high vaccination rates have had resurgence is of cases with the delta variant. two, there are far too many people not getting vaccinated. that includes people both in the states that are doing relatively well liknew york, but even more in the state that are not doing well. we are seeing two america's. one, where vaccination rates are high and cases are low, and the other where vaccination rates are low and cases are increasing
rapidly. laura: is it possible that the virus could mutate in the unvaccinated states and make our vaccines ineffective? >> anywhere there is uncontrolled spread of the virus there is the risk of new and more dangerous variants emerging. the good news is, so far, at least the vaccines in the.s., appeared to be extremely effective against all of the variants for which we have adequate data. that includes the delta variant. perhaps they are a little less effective at preventing infection, but in terms of saving your life, they are highly effective. just today, eat data came out -- data came out that said every single person who died of covid in the past month has been unvaccinated. the vaccines work. globally the challenge is making more, and the u.s. the challenge
is reaching people who are elected. -- reluctant. laura: how do you as a doctor persuade people to get vaccinated? >> i make a couple of key points. first, virtually every doctor who has been offered the vaccine has taken it as soon as they can. second, these are not new, untested vaccines. this is 20 years of research leading to the largest clinical trials ever done for vaccines, and hundreds of millions of people have gotten it without any serious lasting adverse impacts. bottom line, these vaccines save lives, they are remarkably effective and it's really safe. -- extremely safe. laura: the biden administration is talking about going door-to-door. is that the right approach? >> different rick unities -- different communities need different approaches. it would be helpful if we turned down the political warring over
is virus. it is the virus against people, not some people against other people. right now you are seeing certain groups less likely to get ccinated. republicans are less likely than democrats. younger people less likelthan other people. black and latino people less likely than white people. for each of those groups and in different geographic areas, the key is to identify the right messages and messengers, and make sure you are continuously adapting to whatever the rumor or reality is. also, make it more and more convenient, so people can get vaccinated while they go about their business. laura: dr. tom friedman, thanks so much for joining us. in other news, donald trump has announced he is filing lawsuits against twitter, facebook and google as well as their ceos. the former president alleges
they silenced conservative viewpoints. mr. trump was banned from various platforms after repeatedly claiming his election defeat was the result of widespread fraud. that was rejected by multiple courts, officials, and is a administration. dear lipitor tree j -- the olympic torch relay has been scrapped with vibes concerns continuing to play the games. it was announced that events may be held without spectators. roger federer has been knocked out of wimbledon. the eighth time champion who is ranked number eight in the world fell in straight sets. the 39-year-old was trying to become the oldest man ever to reach the wimbledon semifinals in modern times. instead, his opponent will advance. a high-profile crime reporter
has been shot and wounded in amsterdam. he was shot minutes after leaving a tv studio wherhe just appeared. two men have been arrested. they will appear in court on friday. reporter: the netherlands most prominent investigative journalist was shot at close range in the head. these tributes placed on the spot regular shot, a testament to how much is pork meant to so many, and his son said what happened here last night with the family's worst nightmare come true. the 64-year-old made his name in the early 1980's covering a kidnapping. but, it was his investigations into historical child and teenage murders that won him an emmy award and respect among those who admired his fearless pursuit of justice.
politicians have described the shooting as an attack on the free press. >> a crime has been committed against a journalist, and this prime is an attack on our fundamental values and freedoms of the press. it is a crime that musbe condemned, and i would like to express my solidarity with the family and relatives of the victim and with another buns and dutch government -- netherlands and dutch government. reporter: at these four bullets were fired on the street, in daylight, it has shaken the community in the country. he has recently been acting as an advisor to a former gang member and current key state witness testifying in a high-profile murder and drug trafficking trial. he is currently in hospital. last night, the mayor of amsterdam said the courageous journalist and national hero to us all was fighting for his
life. bbc news, amsterdam. laura: a horrific crime. you are watching bbc world news america. still to com a battle within the ranks in myanmar. the bbc gets inside access to the police officers who have defected rather than kill civilian protesters. a container ship the block the suez canal in march has finally been set free after egypt agreed to a compensation deal. the bbc has more from the waters of the suez canal. reporter: the atmosphere here is that of relief. the ever given is finally leaving egyptian waters. authorities held the ever given and its crew in a court order. initially, they asked for nearly
a billion dollars in compensation to cover loss revenues and reputation damage. the ship's insurers found these claims totally unsubstantiated. later on, this figure was reduced by nearly a half. the release of this ultra large vessel is definitely good news, not only for the companies with goods on board, but also for the crewmembers who do not know how long they could have waited here. laura: since february's military coup against note -- myanmar's leader, the police had found themselves in anncreasingly uncomfortable position. many are under pressure to decide whether they support the army are protesters. -- or protesters. the bbc was given access to the first group of police offers who defected.
reporter: these men are attacking myanmar's police. they are part of the local branch of the people's defense force civilians who have taken up arm to resto democracy. they are attacking the police because of their role in suppressing mass uprising's against the military coup. >> we were p between the people and the military. they used us to protect themselves. reporter: john had only been an officer for four years when the military overthrew the elected government. it put him in a difficult position. >> we are paid by the people. the weapons we have are the people's weapons. it is totally wrong to use these
weapons against the people. reporter: john was amongst the first group of 40 police officers to cross the line. when police killed the first pro-democracy protester, he decided he cannot stay. >> our tears are the people's. the people's tears are our tears. reporter: since then, he and the others have been on the run, hiding in the jungle. it caught, they have been -- it caught, they can be executed and faced long jail sentences. >> i have heard from my friends they want to catch us. we can't stay in one place. we have to move around to survive. reporter: overtime, more police officers have joined them. there is now more than 70 in their group.
news from the outside world, contact with loved ones is very limited. >> if i had the opportunity to speak to my family, i want to say i miss you a lot mama, and love you so much. i'm carrying on doing what i need to do now. i am trying to be a daughter you are proud of. reporter: some of thefficers say they are prepared to turn their weapons against their former colleagues. >> i want the police for to be on the side of the peoe. to achieve that i will change my uniform if i have to. i will fight hand-in-hand with the people. reporter: the people's defense force continues to lun sporadic attacks. but, this is a very uneven conflict. e military remains firmly in control. bbc news.
laura: the world of indian cinema is in morning tonight after -- he aeared in 65 films over nearly five decades, playing roles from the iconic to the endearing. ♪ reporter: he will be remembered as one of india's finest actors who won more awards for his performances than any other bollywood star. he said his role in this film was his favorite. ♪ down to the tragic king, he often blamed the spurned lover. after struggling with depression, he vowed to take on more upbeat roles. he talked about this in 1970. born in pre-partition india in
1922, he grew up to become part of pakistan. as he started out in the indian film industry, hchanged his name from muslim to hindu, he was told, to help his career. a career snning decades. he won the hearts of fans across this region. news of his death broke, actors paid their respects. >> it is a big loss for india. not only a great guy, a great personality, great actor and legend. it is a huge loss. reporter: the country's prime minister said his passing was a loss to our culture and world. while pakistan these bribed him as the greatest -- described him as the greatest and most
versatile actor. he was conferred india's highest avoiding award, went on to become the only indian to receive a symbol of honor from pakistan. draped in the indian flag, but universally loved, he was laid to rest in mumbai in a state funeral. revered across borders, he will be remembered as a bollywood superstar who brought people together in more ways than one. bbc news, delhi. laura: before we go, a bit of american music history is coming up for auction. the auction house will host a century of music featuring guitars owned by paul mccartney, eddie van halen, though diddly, eric clapton. it's not just guitars, bill clinton's saxophone is up for grabs, the one he played at his inauguration. so too are the doors, the famous
chelsea hotel. the auction will be online between july 14 and july 15. get your beats in now. i am laura chevalier. th narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, assassinated-- the president of haiti is killed at his home as the country's already unstable political situation descends further into turmoil. then, one step closer-- we speak with eric adams after his win in the democratic primary for mayor of new york city, making him the heavy favorite to assume the job. and, leaving afghanistan-- the absence of u.s. troops prompts the country's government to arm local militias in the fight against the taliban. >> these men have only been fighting a matter of weeks since the national army came under so much pressure from the taliban, but gith