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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  July 6, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ ros: i'm ros atkins. this is "outside source." the u.s. military says its pullout from afghanistan as more than 90% complete, two months earlier than expected. the taliban is saying it is taking another 10 districts as it pushes some afghan government forces into retreat. >> by no means as anyone defected to the taliban. they may have abandoned their posts because they were no longer able to fight. ros: nigeria has ordered some schools and one stayed close after the 11th mass kidnapping of students in six months. more than 140 students were taken in the latest raid, and
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parents are furious. >> we stand with one voice, condemn what happened. we will continue to protest until our children are brought back. ros: u.k. government setting out details about how it plans to fully unlock despite a new surge of coronavirus. >> the differee is this vaccine wall of defense is working. the link between cases and hospitalizations is severely weakened. welcome to those of you watching on pbs in america, and to everyone else on bbc world news. the united states says it's withdraw from afghanistan is now 90%omplete, head of the september 11 deadline. let's start with the statement from u.s. central command. it says the u.s. is handed over
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command to seven facilities people we have completed over 90% of the entire withdrawal process. that involves 9 loads being carried out of afghanistan on these cargo planes. that is for both troops and equipment. here is the spokesperson for the state department on what the u.s. will leave behind. >> we have partnered with the afghan people and government over the course of some 20 years now. that partnership would not diminish in any way with the military withdrawal from afghanistan. again, we retain a diplomatic compound in kabul. that is what we intend to retain going forward, as well. we will be able to continue that partnership with the people lined government of afghanistan going forward even as military retrograde takes place. ros: the u.s. started the year with 2500 troops in afghanistan,
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many at bagram airbase, a key facility for the americans. at the peak of u.s. involvement, more than 100,000 u.s. and nato troops would have passed through bagram. now, the last u.s. troops withdrew the middle of the night without identifying -- notifying the afghans. now afghan commanders are expecting that his troops and base may come under attack from the taliban. >> if we compare ourselves with the americans, it is a big difference. we will continue the powerful, before the u.s. army was on the base. we will do as much as possible to secure the people. ros: our chief international correspondent on what happe now to that final 10% of u.s.
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troops in afghanistan. >> it's ve interesting that in this last update from centcom -- and they have been updating the percentages for many months -- they say it is at 90%, we will not be updating anymore because of our security ccerns. in other words, they know the taliban are watching this, the countdown to the last u.s. and nato soldiers in afghanistan, the last bit of the retrograde. it is hard to say what i involves. we went to bagram when the retrograde was just starting. extraordinary amount of military assets, toilet paper, chili beans, electronic equipment, gps devices, armored vehicles, the whole gamut of things that the united states soldiers used during the years of operations here. it is telling us that it is in
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days now. ros: we already had a briefing from the americans, saying they intend to leave some troops to protect the american embassy, are they part of that 10%, or is that a separate deployment that we should see differently? >> that should definitely be seen as differently. what the united states is saying is we use troops, not just in afghanistan, b in missions around the world. marines guarding the u.s. embassy in berlin. this is a normal diplomatic procedure to use your armed forces to protect your diplomatic property and diplomatic staff. ros: the taliban is saying they have captured another 10 districts in the last day. afghanistan's national security advisor responded saying, in some circumstances, his forces became overstretched. >> some of our resources were
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not enough, particularly air forc there were bases that were far out that were hard to supply and needed air support to do so. this is war. there will be times when we are under pressure. we are capable to defend most of the territory of afghanistan. it's important to enhance those capabilities further. ros: in one province, 15 of the 16 districts fell to the taliban, but not the provincial capital. afghan forces successfully repelled that attack, although the city is now surrounded. here is a spokesperson for the local governor. >> a taliban try to break through the city's defense line. but they faced strong resistance from our defense and security forces. our forces were able to defend the western gate of our city with high morale and patriotism. ros: the focus now is on holding
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to those provincial capitals. in the next province, 25 of the 20 districts have fallen. e journalist share this video saying four taliban showed up in a rowboat district -- remote district. it fell to the taliban without a fight. the afghan government is not saying that it sees every district lost as a defeat. they are saying we pulled out intentionally from districts that were smaller and not strategically significant. he has also said they have moved troops to protect the larger and more important towns. one other journalist has tweeted about the role of rumors. one local official said they had banned districts because they thought handing over rule of the taliban was part of the plan, which it definitely is not. there are also reports that some afghan government forces
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affected to the taliban. here is the afghan national security advisor saying that is not the case. >> they may have abandoned their post because they ran out of ammunition or supplies, but by no means has anyone defected to the taliban. they may have abandoned their posts because they were no longer able to fight. ros: the washington post reported an assessment by u.s. intelligence at the afghan government could fall within six months of the u.s. military withdrawal. events of the recent days make that seem plausible but we should emphasize that outcome is a long ways off. how we assess the current threat from the taliban. >> i think we just have to be very cautious. you have been listening to districts, which have been tumbling across the country. as youay, some of them not
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strategically important, some not falling without a fight. tactically, afghan security forces decide they are not worth protecting, pulling back to protect more important installations. this map we are seeing with greater clarity, the military map of afghanistan, and it is also a map of human suffering. we have heard in case after case, you will have a small post of a commander asking for help. we are always told, it is coming. we are seeing the supply chains are not working properly, so this criticism -- did the afghan security forces not set up their own system? that system seems to be falling apart, which seems to be one of
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the reasons why in some of the areas some of the posts are falling so quickly. if that continues to be the case, the taliban will keep advancing. but it will be a different battle once provincial capitals come under attack. that is where you will have the better tined and better resource forces, and the best of all, some 40,000, trained by the biggest armies in the world. 40,000 who are trained and supposed to be the elite who will keep the country safe. they will soon be challenged. ros: nigeria's kidnapping crisis is deepening. one state has closed all schools it considers vulnerable. more students are missing. this is how the issue has escalated. this week, there were two attacks, one at a hospital. eight people were taken. another one at a school, 150 students were taken.
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once again, parents in nigeria are facing their worst fears. >> we are standing with one voice, condemning what happened. we will continue to protest until our children are brought back. ros: sadly, this is nothing new. the mass kidnapping of children is becoming a regular event. there have been 11 mass kidnappings in this state since december. over 1000 students have been taken in total. of those, nine have lost their lives. 300 students are still missing. this lest round of kidnapping started in december. 344 schoolboys were taken from their dormitory. one week later, they were released. one day after, 84 students were captured. they were released after a gun battle. there were also two attacks in february. later that month, 279 schoolgirls were kidnapped. most were freed days later.
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unfortunately, there are many other examples i could show you, and i'll bring back memories of the 226 schoolgirls that were kidnapped by boko haram in 2014. 100 of them are still missing. those girls weraken by the militants of boko haram, but this issue is complicated further by the fact that militant islam does not fully explain what is happening. far from it. many of these crimes have nothing to do with boko haram. one analyst had described an epidemic of security in nigeria, and argues there hasever been a more trying time to be nigerian. my colleague explained it is not only students who are being targeted. >> there are kidnappings that happen across the country every day. people going to a wedding in a neighboring town, people traveling to visit relatives, even people in their homes are
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targeted for ransom. this is happening because the nigerian economy is suffering so much. ros: if you listen to analysts, you'll often hear an emphasis on these issues. >> it is a complicated process. look at the socioeconomic issues in the country, address it. that includes everybody. ros: no douba reduction in poverty, a better performing economy can help, but that cannot be delivered overnight, and covid is making things harder. but we c see in the response of local politicians, they see this as an economic issue. the governor of one state prised two cows for every ak-47 gun that was surrendered. a similar tactic was used in 2017 and hundreds handed over their weapons. here is our correspondent again arguing that we could not ignore the fact that schools are being targeted. >> i would not be surprised if
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these people are doing it for ideological reasons. at least this indicates to us the pathological hatred they have for school, possibly because they did not have the oppounity to attend any. ros: the phenomenon of mass kidnappings inigeria is difficult to define. one journalputs it this way. nigeria faces an abduction epidemic, cared out by criminals, two imitators of boko haram, and now institute a distinct threat. what is for sure, this is lucrative. an estimate in the nigerian media suggests $17.9 million has been paid in ransoms. it seems likely the figure is higher given how hard these are to track. an analysis syncs with that and says the situation is even worse than the coverage suggests. for every incidents that makes
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headlines, there are other stories that go unnoticed. there are many nigerians who stories are going unreported but are still losing everything. the article goes on, to pay ransoms, ordinary nigerians must liquidate businesses, sell their homes or farmlands. this ever evolving threat and its nuclear did -- lucrative nature make it difficult to respond to. in february, the president urged people to stop paying criminals. they said governments must stop rewarding bandits. states and local governments must also play their part by being proactive in improving security in and around schools. let's be clear, security initiatives have started. there are increased police checks near schools, that fences around schools, even communities bringing in their own vigilantes, but this is far from
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comprehensive. evidently, it is not enough. >> we have not put mechanisms in place to protect the schools. yet, you will come out and say we will not negotiate. in essence, what you're telling those parents, your children will have to be scapegoats. ros: fundamentally, the answer cannot just be better security but addressing the reasons why people would ever want to kidnapped children or adults in the first place. that is eve user -- easier said than done. kidnapping continues to take lives and change lives. those who endure the horror are watching oin despair. >> what i hate about the abductions at the school, i could not sleep at night. i don't want the chiren to go through what i went through. ros: you find yourself wondering, is there a national government strategy to tackle this problem?
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>> it is not one that has been communicated very clearly since this latest round of kidnappings. the president has made a comment, described the mass kidnappings of students as despicable, disturbing, cowardly. he has also called on intelligence agencies to ensure the safe and early release of those taken. still, these words will ring hollow for many nigerians who feel the central government, federal government has done little to stack all -- tackle this crisis and has been allowed to go on for far too long. ros: stay with me here on "outside source." new pictures by damien hirst of cherry blossoms have gone on ctions in par. we will find out more about that.
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the number of people known to have died from the apartment building collapse in miami has risen to 32. over 100 are still unaccounted for. sear operation is likely to be disrupted by the approaching tropical storm elsa. here is the mayor of miami-dade county. >> we continue to urge the families of those missing loved ones to reach out and connect with us, so that our detectives can file missing persons reports with the police. we want to confirm every sine account. every single life that has been lost is a beloved family friend, best friend, someone's child or parent, niece, nephew, grandparents. we know that waiting for news is unbearable. regarding the impacts of tropical storm elsa, we continue to expect occasional gusts and strong showers today, and we are closely monitoring the weather. we have our weather service now
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embedded with our search and rescue teams. ros: i'm ros atkins. we are here in the bbc news room. our lead story comes from afghanistan. the u.s. says its withdrawal from there is more than 90% complete. the taliban, meanwhile, continues its advance. let's turn to the u.k., the new health secretary says england is entering uncharted territory as it moves to lift all instructions for covid-19. here he is speaking to the bbc. >> no one is pretending the pandemic is gone, it is still very much there. case numbers are still high, and they are going to get higher. one of the things i said yesterday, currently we are seeing case numbers around 25,000 a day.
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i expect they will be as high as 50,000 a day by the time this easing happens. the difference is, this vaccine wall of the fence is working, and a link between cases and hospitalizations is severely weakened. ros: the decision to lift the restrictions comes at a time when cases are rising sharply in england because of the delta variant. that can lead to 100,000 new infections a day by the end of summer. the difference now, the government says, the vaccines are proven effective at avoiding serious illness. jabs are driving down what are called excess deaths, shown in red. they are back to normal levels without covid. scientists expect hospital admissions and deaths to stay far lower this time around. >> this is a slight experiment at the moment. i think it is justifiable and i'm reasonably optimistic, but policy will have to remain flexible. if we end up close to the worst case scenario, which i think is
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unlikely but cannot be ruled out, there may need to because were action later. ros: others are where would legal restrictions are being lifted too quickly. the opposition labor party wants to open up the economy with the marrying of -- with the wearing of masks. >> we want people to have their freedoms back but we don't want a high risk free for all. remember the context we ar in. infection rates are rising again steeply. hospitalizations are rising again. more people will die sadly. ros: to be clear, no country in the world has attempted to lift restrictions in the middle of a search, as england is planning to do. let's compare what england is doing with elsewhere. 20,000 cases reported on tuesday. france is also expressing concerns about a fourth wave of the virus because of the delta.
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that now accounts for a third of new infections there. in the u.s., almost 60% of people are vaccinated, but dr. anthony fauci he is warning there will be surges in cases because of delta. some areas have responded by reintroducing the use of masks. in asia, many countries are experiencing a surge related to delta. india has responded with a partial lockdown. different approaches. why the strategy in england is out of sync with other countries. >> this is a massive gamble. if you think about it, when you have rising infections, you have more restrictions put on a population, like the u.k., not have them taken away. that is where the gamble is. i guess what the vernment is thinking, if there is going to be what is termed an exitave, as the population releases and
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the vaccination does its job, it is better to have that in the summer rather than delaying in september when kids go back to school, and when the weather starts turning and people start huddling indoors again. the problem is, if infections keep rising, what is the wall of immunity, what if it does not kick in? ros: remember, there is full coverage on the bbc news at and -- app and bbc.com. you can also see videos from me and the outside source team. we take a decent amount of time to unpack certain sues for you, and then we put those in different places. you can find them on the bbc news website, bbc sounds, if you want to listen to audio versions, and you can see them as well on my twitter feed.
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dozens of oil paintings of cherry blossoms by the british artist damien hurst are going on public view for the first time this week in paris. the new exhibition delay twice because of covid restrictions brings together a third of the 100 canvases he has painted, including working alone during lockdown without his assistants. >> as shocking as a dead animal or diamond-studded skull in the eyes of the artist, as much about life and death. damien hurst haseen painting cherry trees, dozens upon dozens of them, all the way through the pandemic. much of it alone without his team of assistants, thanks to covid restrictions. >> it just became a solitary thing, making art, which i never
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got to that point except for when i was you. trying to find positivity in all of the negativity and anxiety everyone was feeling. in the beginning i was very anxious. in that anxiousness, i made these paintings which are positive. >> he says leaves appeared and his shift in perspective happened. >> john lennon once said, what else can you do with your hair after you have grown it? i always ted to keep reinventing self. my mom used to say to me, there is enough horror in the world, can't you just paint flowers? maybe she got to me eveually. >> flowers that are garish, messy, almost tacky, in his words.
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ros: this addition of "outside source." thanks for watching. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this esentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.

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