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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 5, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narror: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: this is bbc world news erica. that u.s. is heading for the exit in afghanistan. we have the very latest. tensions high between israeli arabs and jews. tonight, we hear the personal stories. anger boils over in india. >> they were hitting myead. my nose was bleeding. i thanked them to stop, but they didn't. laura: there was meant to be a
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pride march, but far-right protesters took to the streets. we speakur correspondent. plus, why summer time could be the worst for pets. warmer weather brings arise in cruelty to animals. we report on what a charity is doing about it. in afghanistan, violence is getting worse as the tiban takeover over more areas of the country. since the military withdrew last week, the taliban have seized more districts. soldiers are on the defensive as the last troops will be out by late august. the taliban has warned any left behind will be viewed as occupied forces.
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our correspondent reports. reporter: on their own but still fighting the telegram. afghan security forces are in action without u.s. military support. the strategic air base is an afghan government hands now, leaving behind a deey unstable country. the former president blames the west. >> the entire mission with regard to the united states was to defeat terrorism. the military component that was intended to fight extremism, rather than doing the job correctly and where it was needed, began to hurt, harassed, bomb, imprison afghans.
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that is where it felt. that is where the failure is. reporter: others blame corruption, inefficiency, and waste. the conflict test cost an estimated $1 trillion in cost 100,000 mods. -- life. they are insisting no forces left behind. >> withdraw from the country [indiscernible] that is a violation. we will react. reporter: a former taliban stronghold where residents voiced their fears.
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>> the taliban don't want peace. they want the whole government. they are only killing. reporter: there is another concern. osama bin laden may be dead but is organization lives on. many fear a return of the taliban means a return of al qaeda's. a scenario not just for afghanistan but much of the world. laura: for more we are joined by our chief corresponnt. does it look to you a return to power by the taliban is in the cards? >> we have to be careful about e numbers. certainly they are telling us dozens of districts are falling every day to the taliban across all areas. behind the numbers is a reality
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that some of the districts are for psychological advantage, no strategic significant. some are areas where forces decided to pull back in order to prott more important targets. there are others that are strategically in, foot soldiers fed up with waiting are simply deciding to dessert, to defect. where the taliban are now, nearly 20 years after they were toppled, it is clear they are on the brink of coming back to power, whether that is through the negotiations which are not making any headway, they have been trying since last september, or on the battlefield. certainly, the taliban have been handling their victory against the american military empire in the same way the fighters still
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boast they defeated the soviet empire, when the soviet troops pulled out in february of 1989. laura: you were there in 1989 when the soviets pulled out. do you have a sense of deja vu as the americans withdraw and there is talk again of evacuating embassies? reporter: it's theory. no one, most of all afghans, would have expected 30 years on and after 20 years of the world's mightiest armies helping the afghan national security forces, setting up a national army from the ruins of afghanistan would happen again. when i listen to theuestions and speculations, in some cases the exaggeration, talking about how lg the government will last, the provincial capitals.
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the questions and predictions people are making now, some of them are quite far-fetched based on wishful thinking, almost exactly the same, almost word for word that were being talked about in 1989. quite extraordinary twist of history. laura: it is indeed, you were there to witness both chapters. meanwhile, the former president of afghanistan has told the bbc that the u.s. mission has failed. is that the view of afghans? >> it's going to take a very long time to come to terms with the states of this engagement which was not just military but also financial, political, moral, social, by all of the world's great powers. mistakes have been ma on all sides. the afghani president was in
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charge for most of those two decades was also the commander in chief, he never really wanted to be the commander in chief. mistakes were made on his side as well. even the top u.s. commander has said in a recent interview that we have to take an honest look at why some things did not turn out the way we want to them to. laura: thank you. two israel where cities are on edge after unrest. mobs from both communities atck people. violence in the city. a jewish israeli was killed. reporter: the destruction left after neighbors turned on each other.
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>> [indiscernible] reporter: he shows me the flat of his friends, a jewish couple. they fled when it was set ablaze by our israelis. -- arab israelis. >> it is very tough. reporter: in may police broke up a protest. hundreds went on the rampage attacking synagogues, jish extremists came in the violence spiraled. two israeli citizens were killed, one jewish and one arab. >> there is nobody better than you. this is the last message left for his father. a local jewish man is under arrest, but the family are not
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reassured. they say arabs are discriminated against. >> we have no future as long as israel policy to kill arabs and force them to leave. reporter: across the city the calm feels fragile. a growing presence of jewish religious nationalist has fed arab resentment. talking tpeople here, you realize the problems did not stop -- start with the latest violence. they are deeply rooted, now there is so much anger and mistrust between people who are neighbors. >> we are just trying to get back to normal. reporter: there is an expectation things could easily erupt again. despite one arrest, these two men say they are ready to return to the streets.
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>> we have regained our dignity. we want rights. we want to live. if the law is not for us we will take the law. reporter: a new government is promising to act. putting out the smoldering fire you challenge. -- will be a huge challenge. laura: mistrust lingering in israel. there was supposed to be a pride march in georgia on monday, but campaigners called off the event at the last minute after ultranationalist far-right groups took to the streets, tearing down the tents, throwing bottles and sticks. they also scale the building of the pride office, replacing the pride flag with the georgia national one. organizers of the march said
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they could not risk human lives and march under the circumstances. for more, i spoke to the bbc corrpondent. the prime minister called this march before it was supposed to happen, unacceptable to a large sector of society. what can you tell us about who attacked the office? reporter: there were some radical nationalists. conservative groups, quite violence groups. it was not like one group. the church said they condemned the violence, but on the other hand we know in georgia we have
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a conservative society. the call from the church and there is opposition to the march was important. laura: why have lgbtqights become such a flashpoint? is that to do with the upcoming elections? >> definitely, georgia is probably a majority conservative society. but there are also some people -- no one will tl in georgia a politician, will never say, something like we love putin or the kremlin. they will always hide the sentiment behind anti-western messages. like lgbt rights ruin our
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tradition, something like that. there is probably some part of society who believe lgbt rights -- [indiscernible] laura: reporting from georgia. britain's prime minister says england is on track to lift the majority of its covert restrictions on july the 19th. mean social distancing and mask wearing will go away. boris johnson says he wants people to make their own decisions on covid. rescue efforts every started following the overnight demolition in miami.
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explosives were used to bring down the building afr emergency services became concerned about instability. three more bodies have been recovered, bringing the known death toll to 27. more than 100 are still missing. to india, an alarming number of doctors have been attacked by family members in patients who say their loved ones have not received adequate medical care. the indian medical association is calling for a new law to protect health care workers. morning, the report contains disturbing scenes. reporter: they use whatever they can lay their hands on. it back, a stick, fists. shocked by the death of their loved ones, theseelatives took out their anger on doctors.
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one month later, the memory was fresh. >> i was very scared. i felt like i would not survive. they were hitting my head, my nose was bleeding, i begged him to stop, but they did not. reporter: 36 people have been charged, a shocking case, but not india's first. in some cases, doctors have taken to the streets, complaining about the ongoing attacks. >> [indiscernible]
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reporter: nobody was arrested over the attack. angry relatives damaged hospitals. >> the most common factor is the lack of infrastructure in hospitals, because of this, hospals get overcrowded and as a result the junior doctor become the target of violence. reporter: last month, doctors across india held demonstrations. saying there has been a shocking during the pandemic. many indian states have laws against attacking health care workers, b they say state legislation is rarely enforced.
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india has very few doctors for its billion plus people. now, it is struggling to keep them safe. laura: a new chapter in chilly comes as the country starts work on a post dictatorship constitution. gunmen in nigeria have attacked a hospital, school and police station. reporter: the crisis is spiraling fast. an attack took place on a
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hospital. now on a school. we spoke to a parent that a number of armed gunmen stormed the school, came in through the back. there were as many as 60 gunmen and they abducted the students. there has been more than 1000 students of ducted, nine of them were killed. 200 students are still missing. some are as young as three. laura: chile has sworn he --
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repoer: these men and women have said yes to reshaping the ♪ country's future. ♪they are tasked with writing a new constitution. this one makes history. they elect representatives. >> [speaking foreign language] >> convention i presiding over transports turns us into an intercultural country. reporter: what should have been a shining day for my receipt kicked off with clashes between people marching in support and police. this couples are out on the streets of san diego -- san diego. the session suspended for some time.
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chileans have been protesting for yrs. when the constition was written as a dictatorship is finally scrapped. >> hybrid is fighting. i nev thought i'd be alive to see this. reporter: the old constitution was seen as penalizing ingenous groups in poorer communities. to change that, the delegates were elected among local activists, independent, protest leaders, and environmental scientists. >> my great hope is that the final document of the convention will allow us to get rid of the structural inequality, allows all children and young people to fulfill their dreams, regardless of where they are born or in
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which family or community they are born. reporter: this group set off with a very ambitious plan. now they have nine months to give their people the change they fought for. laura: they tried to move beyond finish a. pet lovers will find this next story hard to bear, but it turns out,. cruelty reaches a peak. more than 2000 reports of cruelty to dogs between june and august last year. now the group has launched a campaign to promote animal welfare. reporter: everything man's best friend deserves, but a year ago, his life was different. >> we received a report from someone who overheard someone beat up their dog. they made the call to us, we attended the address with
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police. that is when we found max, terrified, covered in blood, that the injured. >> there is a lot of blood here. reporter: evidence suggested he had been beaten with a metal colander. he was rescued and cared for at the our spca your, home which oversees recovery, rehabilitation, rehoming. >> this was a willful act of cruelty. he submitted max to terrible injuries. reporter: max was left with a fractured pelvis and disloced have. over months, his health and confidence was rebuilt. we were overwhelmed at how forgiving he was, mainly, an animal that has gone through what he went through have the right to never trust people again, but he did and he is living his best life. reporter: as a special treat, a
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reunion with the staff who turn to stock -- turned his life around. [laughter] the idea of deliberate animal seems almost incomprehensible, but at least this tale has a happy ending, with max shaking off his past trauma and finding an owner worthy of his loyalty. bbc news. laura: let's and tonight on a more upbeat animal story. this walrus is making its way across europe. for now, he may about state's welcome. -- out state's welcome. laura: [indiscernible] heist out of the harbor because he is accused of sinking boats. it is traveled about 2500 miles
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along the coast of western europe, and now his adventure is drawing to a close. i am laura trevelyan. specs for watching brothers america. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the search goes on-- the remainder of the partially collapsed surfside, florida, condominium is demolished, giving crews additional places to look for survivors and remains. then, reflecting on the mission. members of the national guard discuss their controversial deployment to fight the u.s. wars in iraq a afghanistan. and, 75 years of marriage-- former president jimmy carter and his wife rosalynn reflect on their lives together and the current state of american politics. >> i believe that we've overcome even worse and more serious problems in the past than we have to face today.

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