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tv   BBC World News Today  PBS  July 2, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> this is bbc. the last u.s. troops have left, bagram the main military base in afghanistan, as the biden administration says it is on course to leave the country by the end of august. 20 people are confirmed dead in the surfside apartment clemson miami. many more are still missing. on her last visit to the u.k. before leaving office, german chancellor angela merkel meets the queen. she says there might be a way through post brexit friction with northern ireland. 9 people have been killed and 100 others hospitalized following days of antigovernment protests.
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>> two, one. released, release, release. >> the countdown is on. virgin galactic announces its first flight to the edge of space could happen as early as next weekend. nancy: hello, and welcome if you are watching on pbs in the u.s. or around the world. stay with us for the latest news and analysis from here and across the globe. the last american troops have left bagram airbase, the u.s. military center of operations throughout two decades of occupation andngagement in afghanistan. the departure is a signal that the complete withdrawal of foreign forces from the country is imminent.
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a taliban spokesman described the handover of bagram is a positive step. our security correspondent frank gardner reports. frank: bagram airbase, afghanistan, the most strategically vital base in the country. last night the u.s. military pulled out after nearly 20 years there. it follows a decision by president biden for u.s. forces to leave afghanistan by september 11. pres. biden: we are on track exactly as to where we expected to be. i wanted to make sure there was enough "running room" that we wouldn't be able to do it all till september. there will still be some forces left, but it is a rational drawdown with our allies for . frank: the base has been handed over to afghan forces. but all over the country they are coming under pressure from advancing taliban fighters. there are doubts whether they can hold out. >> the situation in afghanistan will get worse.
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it is already chaotic. uc districts fall-- you see district falling. the government does not have all the weapons and equipment. frank: western air support has been crucial, transporting troops to the battlefield and carrying out airstrikes. without it, more districts are expected to fall the taliban. yet in the capital, kabul, some are happy to see the americans and other western forces depart. >> this is good news. the americans have reached an agreement with the taliban in doha, and these agreements must be implemented. and this is for the good of afghanistan. frank: the taliban is delighted to see the u.s. leaving. the even thank them fogoing. critics of the withdrawal deal said the afghan government got little in return, that th west is rushing to the exit and leaving afghanistan on the brink of another civil war. frank gardner, bbc news.
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nancy: now to miami, where rescuers who continue to search through the rubble of an collapsed upon block may have to contend with the hurricane. teams are working for now for only three of nine grids marked in the ruins of the 12-floor building. authorities are geico to make as much progress as possible before the expected arrival of hurricane elsa this weekend. sophie long sent this update from miami. sophie: the search and rescue operation is in day nine after having to be paused for some 15 hours on thursday, largely due to fears that the remaining part of the building still left standing could fall. that remains a maj area of concern when it comes to the safety of the rescue workers and continuing the painstaking task of sifting through the rubble. it seems they are now considering a controlled demolition of that remaining part of the building. in the latest update we have had from the mayor of miami-dade
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county, she informed us that sadly they have pulled two more bodies from that pile of rubble. one of them a seven-year-old little gl, the daughter of one of their own, a fire and rescue worker from miami. so an extremely difficult day for those rescue workers. more than 120 people remain unaccounted for, and the mission to find them continues. but they have been dealing with some very, very challenging conditions. the sun is shining now, but there are fears there are more tropical storms on the way due to hurricane elsa, and the conditions they are working under could become even more dangerous. nancy: sophie long reporting from miami. the british prime minister boris johnson has welcomed german chanceor angela merkel for talks. they met at the prime minister's official country residence. misses merkel has become the first foreign leader this century to address the british cabinet. speaking at a news conference, she said the immediate priority
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is to find a durable solution to the row over the status of northern ireland with respect to the eu single market and the republic of ireland. chancellor merkel: i personally believe that on the basis of this protocol and within the framework of how it was negotiated, we can find pragmatic solutions that on the one hand retai the integrity of the single market but that will also on the other hand contribute to creating acceptable solutions for the people. it is obviously understandable that this was prolonged, and i think it was a good thing that this was prolonged for another few months. it should be possible for all of us to come to a pragmatic solution within this grace period. i am optimistic that this can happen. prime min. johnson: i think one of the futures of our membership in the eu over 45 years is perhaps we didn't really intensify some of our bilateral relations in the way we could
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have done. i think what we have agreed today to go forward with a new intergovernmental approach, bilateral discussions, intensive discussions of policy areas that really matter to both of us, whether on security or international relations or on the economy, i think that will be profoundly good certainly for this country, and i hope also for our german friends as well. nancy: our u.k. political correspondent rob watson was watching the press conference. rob: when i watched it, i couldn't help thinking a couple of things. first of all, that brexit continues to cast a long shadow over u.k.-german relations, but you kate-european book -- uk- european relations more generally. on top of that, it was like watching a famous television program on the country where people go on a date and on the first date they have different accounts afterwards. you have angela merkel -- how
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did this work for you? she said things that made clear she was still regretful about brexit, that she thought they are to take it a bit slow on at new relationship. on the issue of the protocol in northern ireland, it seemed to me that she was pretty clear that britain had to stick to its word. by contrast, boris johnson was "yes, we can't wait to get into this new london-berlin relationship," and on the protocol he said things are going to have to change. nancy: a little later, angela merkel took tea with the queen, and here the scene at windsor castle, where the german chancellor was hosted by queen elizabeth ii. the 91-year-old monarch held a private audience with the german leader, although it is not long since the pair last met, just a few weeks, in fact. they were spotd chatting at the g7 summit in cornwall last month. the government of east martini -- eswatini says nine people
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have been killed and 100 others hospitalized following days of antigovernment protests. activists want to see an end to the ki's decades long rule by decree, replaced by democratically elected eaters. protests have spread to all four regions and a nationwide curfew was declared, and the internet shut down for extended piods of time. there are unverified reports of protesters being shot dead. all the while the king remains silent and missing. the bbc has been able to obtain exclusive footage from inside africa's last absolute monarchy. reporter: in the aftermath of a violent protests, eswatini's capital is struggling to return to normal. days of rioting have taken their toll. supplies are running low, and frustration is high. >> so painful.
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they are only asking for one thing, to elect a new prime minister, and the king can't say anything. >> we can't go and buy bread, because they burn the shops. we can't be going to work. we don't know when we will go back. reporter: the anger is on a scale rarely seen here. it came after authorities burned the delivery of petitions to silence calls for a more democratically elected leadership. this is how activists responded. property was destroyed, including some businesses linked to the king. >> it has taken about 37 years to happen. this is all about a system of government that has failed the people. this is a combination of --
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culmination of problems since the burning of freedoms in this country, meaning freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, freedom of association. reporter: the crisis in this kingdom has been decades in the making. at the heart of it, king mswati and his family's unfettered rain. the calls for democratic reforms and constitutional monarchy have been raised for almost half a century, and there is little confidence in the government's latest response. >> we are a nation that believes in dialogue, and it is with that in mind that we once again request king mswati to use alternative channels to express their grievances. open an email address where mswati can continue to direct
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concerns and petitions. reporter: the government is eager to restore order after the unrest disrupted cross-border trade. the border traffic is flowing again, but in so many other ways, the kingdom of eswatini is isolated. it remains unclear whether the recent protests will affect change, or whether king mswati will fight to maintain his title as africa's last absolute monarch. nancy: the number of deaths linked to coronavirus in india has past the 400,000 mark, as the country tries to speed up its vaccination drive. experts warned that the real number of fatalities may be much higher, as many gets are not officially recorded. in the is the third country in the world behind the u.s. and brazil to record more than 400,000 deaths. our correspondent in delhi, davina gupta, expense what the
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response has been to this grim milestone. davina: it is a grim milestone for sure, and i was going to the number of days it has taken to cross this just over a month come 36 days, over 100,000 loss-of-life. the are extreme messages are cautioned that the government has been giving to the indian public, beuse in pockets of southern states and northeastern states, where the daily number of cases are rising, contributed to this milestone, they have set up extensive surveillance on, but health experts say more than that, what is contributing to this number is the lax attitude and covid fatigue of people, because after a locown in may, some curbs were eased and people were able to step out of their homes and go to restaurants with limited
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capacity and visit shopping malls insurgent areas. that is led to people mixing and transmitting the virus, which is showing this result. another point of caution coming at this occasion from scientists is a worry case of a delta-plus variant reported in india. there have been at least 20 deat from this case, which is being watch with extreme caution from health committees and experts. nancy: devina gupta reported from delhi. do stay with us on bbc news. still to come, virgin galactic announces its first flight to the edge of space could have been early as next weekend, which means richard branson would beat jeff bezos in the modern-day space race.
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>> china markets first day of rule in hong kong with a series of spectacular celebrations. a huge fireworks display was held in thformer colony. the chinese president said unification with the start of a new era for hong kong. >> the world's first phone has been produced--first clone has been produced of an adult memo. scientist have produced a sheep calcalled dolly. >> russian and american specraft have docked in orbit in the start of a new era of cooperation into space. >> challenger howard past the lighthouse almost 50 knots, shattering a record that stood for almost 54 years. there is no hiding the issue relation of richard branson -- sheer elation of richard branson
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and his crew. nancy: this is bbc news. the latest headlines -- the last american troops have left the main u.s. base i afghanistan, as more districts fall to a taliban offensive. 20 people are now confirmed that in the surfside apartment collapsed in miami. anymore are still missing --many more are still missing. candidate's national holiday has been marked by purchase following the recent discovery of hundreds of unmarked graves at former schools for indigenous children. thousands of people joined a "cancel canada day" rally. reporter:raditionally a day of celebration, but this year canada has found itself reckoning with its colonial past. this was the scene in winnipeg. demonstrators pulling down a statue of queen victoria.
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across canada, thousands of people took to the streets protesting a dark chapter of the country's history, the residential school system. >> you murdered hundreds of thousands of children. we don't know yet. but we are here to tell you today that was wrong. you all know that it was wrong. >> we are here today to stand with everybody to oppose the ongoing genocide of the canadian government and state against indigenous people. reporter: between the 1870's and 1990's, more than 150,000 ingenous children were taken from their families. they were made to attend church-run boarding schools. they were forced to abandon their native languages and convert to christianity. thousands died of disease and malnourishment. some took their own lives. in 2015, canada's truth and reconciliation commission called colorful genocide. c--cultural genocide.
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calls to scale back and canada day celebrations intensify this week following the discovery of almost 1000 unmarked graves of former residential schools. that number has gone up. the latest discovery on the eve of canada day was here, 182 unmarked graves at saint eugene's mission school in british columbia. in his canada day message, prime minister justin trudeau said canada needed to face up to its history. prime min. trudeau: the truth is we have a long way to go to make things right with indigenous people. but if we all pledge ourselves to doing the work, we can achieve reconciliation. reporter: to this day, we don't have a full picture of how many children died in residential schools and the circumstances of their deaths. indigenous leaders have said that as investigations continue, they expect more graves will be found. nancy: with more about the
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mournful nature of this year's canada day, here is a canadian indigenous journalist who has been covering the story for canada's biggest national newspaper, "the globe and mail." >> it has been quite different listening to the report just now, it is not just protests we are seeing, it is acts of solidarity, a lot of acts of support for just that we have been facing--for just the devastating news that we have been facing in the last month here. moments of reflection, i think, for many people. i know there have been statues that have been coming down, but there has been other gatherings, too, with survivors coming together, supporters coming together. this is indigenous communities and nonindigenous communities taking a moment to really understand the gravity.a
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and while many people, many survivors have no this number of children-- known this number of children and burials being uncovered for a long time, i think the reality of the confirmation of that is hitting home. the truth and reconciliation report first identified over 3000 -- at least 3000 burials at residential schools across canada. canada has recognid 139 residential schools run by the federal government and anglican and catholic churches. it can be said beyond a shadow of a doubt that each of those schools will have burial sites both marked possibly an unmarked, and it is the unmarked sites that are coming to light now. so the numbers are growing. you kind of do the math with that, just in the last few weeks, there has been -- the discoveries that three former
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redential schools resulted in 1100 burials, most believed to be children. if you have 130 more schools to investigate and examine, that is going to go quite substantially up, and i'm hearing numbers between 10000 and 30,000, but i imagine that will go up even more. nancy: willow fidler is a journalist with canada's biggest national newspaper. let's talk football now. spain is the first team through to the semifinals of euro 2020. they did the hard way as they needed penalties to overcome switzerland and 10 petersburg. the spanish made the first -- the swiss couldn't get the better of spain next time. both sides struggled with five penalties missed,ith spain edging through to the last four,
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where they will face the winner of the match currently underway in munich. midway through the first half of the latest score is belgium 0, italy 0. british businessman sir richard branson has named the date he will be flying to the edge of space. it will be the 11th of july, or soon afterwards. sir richard will be a pasnger in the back of the unity rocket plane that his virgin company has been developing over 16 years. the date is significant for another reason -- if the mission is not to lead, -- is not delayed, it would mean the billionaire boss is beating his rival jeff bezos to get to space. let the space race began. we can speak to the former president of virgin galactic and now chief of u.k. space, also a personal friend to sir richard branson. he joins me from scotland. thank you very much for speaking
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to us. this all sounds ve exciting, but perhaps you can explain what exactly is commercial spaceflight service. >> well>>, it is going to be many different things. in the case of sir richard branson's trip, there were cross nasa's official definition of space, 50 miles up, and they will be carrying passengers in the future. they will also be carrying scientists who want to do experiments in microgravity during a suborbital flight. and they will be carrying out experiments for nasa. they carried them on recent test flights. in addition to that, you have commercial space launch companies launching satellites such as virgin and spacex. they are able to launch satellites more conveniently and cheaply than ever before and
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that is causing an industrial revolution in space. this week alone virgin orbit has launched its second big commercial flight, and spacex has launched a number of british satellites, many from companies invested in by the new investment trust launching in the next few weeks with 150 million investedn new space companies. we havheard regulations go through parliament for regulating the space industry. we have heard the queen visit and see satellites being built. we have had numerous things going on which are all leading towards an industrial revoluti in space -- nancy: and with all that happening, if we could zoom in a little what is happening on the 11th of july, will you be going into space yourself? what will the people who are going be able to experience? will: i will be going on a later flight at some stage. and i will be very much looking forward -- i will be looking
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forward to going to space since i was seven years old. to get to 61 and at the prospect of doing it is exciting. sir richard branson will be carried up in a carrier plane, and that carrier plane will drop the spaceship at about 50,000 feet up in the air, 80,000 meters up. it will launch its rocket motor, it will go through the sound barrier, it will reach max 3 -- twice the speed of the fastest fighter jets -- and it will enter space, it will be above 80, 90 kilometers up. and for a number of minutes they will see the planet earth an the curvature of the earth and the blackness of space and the stars, and they will experience weightlessness. and it will be a ge leap in experience for each of the individuals on board. every astronaut i have ever known said the first moment you go to space -- nancy: i mean, that sounds
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absolutely incredible. i'm afraid that is all we have got time for, but thank you so much for talking to us. you are narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narror: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.

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