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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  June 30, 2021 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT

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judy: good evening. i am judy woodruff. on the "newshour," extreme conditions. 100 deaths in western canada are believed to have been caused by a record-breaking heat wave. an uncertain future. the top u.s. commander in afghanistan warns the country could descend into civil war following the departure of american troops. plus, a dramatic turnaround. bill cosby is released from prison after his sexual assault decision is overturned. many school districts intensify their summer programs to make up for the learning lost during the pandemic.
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>> typically in a 9.5-month school year, our kids made 9.5 months of growth or more. what we saw during the pandemic is they made 5.3 months in literacy and 7.2 in math. judy: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the "pbs newshour" has been provided by -- ♪ >> bnsf railway. consumer cellular. johnson & johnson. financial services firm raymond james. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems.
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skol foundation.org. >> the lemelson foundation, committed to improving lives through invention in the u.s. and abroad. supported by the john d. and catherine t. marthur foundation, committed to building a more just, verdant, and peaceful world. more information at macfound.o rg. and with the ongoing support of these institutions. this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station by viewers like you. thank you. judy: parts of washington state, oregon, and idaho spent another day baking in sweltering temperatures. rolling blackouts continue in
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the city of spokane, washington, which hit a record 109 degrees yesterday. president biden lamented the heat during a virtual meeting with the governors of western states. >> the extreme heat we are seeing in the west is not only a risk multiplier, it's a threat in and of itself. people are hurting. it is more dangerous for kids to play outside. roads are buckling under the heat. judy: meantime, a dangerous heat wave in canada is slowly starting to ease. it scorched of the pacific coast province of british columbia with temperatures 30 to 40 degrees fahrenheit hotter than normal. one city recorded a reading of 122. at least 233 people died in british columbia between friday and monday alone. that is about 100 more than the
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normal four-day average. joining me to discuss this is david phillips, senior climatologist at environment canada, the canadian government department responsible for environmental policy. mr. phillips, thank you for joining us. what is canada dealing with right now? >> it is unprecedented. we've never seen this before. the last one temperature we talked about in california was yellow grass, saskatchewan 84 years ago. we've seen this week, 400 records have been broken in the west, not just the warm temperatures during the day. these are not 1/10 of a degree warmer than the previous record. it's like a different world for us here. we are the second coldest cotry in the world and the snowiest, and we are dealing with something we are not use to. it is extreme, long-lasting, and
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it's beginning to have health effects, environmental effects, and economic effects. judy: what do you know about the science behind this heat wave? what is causing this? everybody wants to understand, is it connected to climate change? >> it's like a dome. it's like putting a dome stadium all the way from the arctic circle to california. the air gets trapped. it gets progressively warmer. it squeezes down and gets hotter and hotter, and no weather can get in the way. we often say, every time we see an extreme event, we say, is this climate change? we've hidden behind the fact that we say,limate change doesn't create whether. -- weath er. it doesn't create heat waves and forest fires, but it contributes to it. there are many factors that
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create extreme weather, and the physical factors, but now we are realizing there are human factors. this heat wave would not have been nearly as brutal and as deadly if it had not been for what is coming out of our tailpipes and smokestacks. judy: who is most affected? >> it's the elderly, of course. it is the infants who do not have the sweat glands. it's the homeless. it's people with health-related illnesses, and that is why we are seeing so many deaths. a lot more emergency entrances. we still have lockdown situations in canada, so breathing through a mask in these temperatures is just brutal. people are moving from their homes to hotels beuse they do not have air conditioning. less than half the people in western canada have air conditioning. it is something we've never dealt with before.
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the only good news is in five or six days it will be history. judy: it sounds as if you are saying the government and the people of canada were not prepared for this. >> it was well forecast, but it is just so fundamentally different. it is like rewriting the climate of canada to have to deal with this. you do not want to over-design or under-design. this is really a dress rehearsal, the opening act of what we want to see more of. it won't be 83 years before we break another record, so i think we need to prepare for it. judy: you do expect this kind of climate, this kind of weather to return in the future. >> weather repeats itself. if it's possible to get this, it can only ramp up that much more
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and more frequently. this is a lesson from nature. it's giving us a heads up, and hopefully, we are smart enough to pay attention to it. judy: david phillips, thank you very much. you're welcome, judy. ♪ vanessa: i am vanessa ruiz in for stephanie sy. updating now our top story on the extreme heat in the pacific northwest, british columbia's chief coroner says her office has received reports of 486 deaths between friday and today. 300 more than over a typical five-day period. health officials say more than 60 people have died due to heat-related issues with three fourths of those in bonomo county. in king county which
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incorporated seattle, authorities said more than a dozen deaths were linked to the heatwave. search teams have recovered six more bodies day from a collapsed condominium tower in surfside, florida. with the search in its seventh day, the number of confirmed dead reach 18, two of them children. more than 140 are still missing, but officials insisted they are not giving up hope. >> there's been talk by the families. they asked me if the search is going to stop. are we going to turn this from a rescue to a recovery? i appreciated the governors comments a few minutes ago where he basically said we are not leaving anybody behind. this is going to go until we pull everybody out of there. this is our number one effort. vanessa: a pair of potential tropical storms in the atlantic ocean that could hit south florida in the days ahead is on the radar for officials. an indigenous group in canada
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reports fighting another 182 sets of human remains near a school in british columbia. the school for indian children near cranbrook was operated by the catholic church until the early 1970's. hundreds of other unmarked graves have been found at two similar sites in canada. actor bill cosby was released from prison in pennsylvania after the state supreme court overturned his sexual assault conviction. he arrived home in suburban philadelphia hours later having served nearly three years of a three to 10-year sentence. we will take a closer look later. there is word tonight that former defense secretary donald rumsfeld who championed the wars in iq and afghanistan has died. his family says he passed away tuesday in taos, new mexico. nick schifrin reports on his life and legacy. nick: a navy veteran and republican congressman, donald
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rumsfeld was america's youngest defense secretary in the cold war. he was also its oldest defense secretary and oversaw the wars post 9/11. on the morning of september 11, he was a stretcher bearer burying wounded from the pentagon. >> the fact is in this battle against terrorism, there is no silver bullet. nick: he was an architect of the afghanistan and iraq wars and propagated the argument that saddam hussein harbored weapons of mass destruction. >> what do you make of the statement madey the iraqi government yesterday that iraq has no weapons of mass destruction and is not developing any? >> they are lying. nick: rumsfeld was a key proponent of the u.s.'s use of what he called enhanced interrogation. others called it torture. the wars continued, and casualties climbed, but rumsfeld
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dismissed complaints from troops they were ill-prepared. >> as you know, you go to war with the army you have, but not the army you might want or wish to have. nick: shortly after the 2006 midterms, president bush fired rumsfeld. mr. bush called him a man of intelligence integrity, and inexhaustible energy who never paled before tough decisions and never flinched from responsibility. donald rumsfeld was 88 years old. i am nick schifrin. vanessa: now to the pandemic, the head of the cdc dr. rochelle walensky said that mass guidelines will be left to local officials. that is after los angeles county urged a return to wearing masks in indoor public spaces as the indoor -- delta variant spreads. the u.s. house voted to create a select committee to investigate the january assault on the u.s. capitol. it will include 13 members,
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mostly democrats. all but two republicans opposed the action and traded jibes with democrats over which side is being more partisan. >> most fundamental to any objective investigation is being free from political influence and partisan bias. unfortunately, this resolution fails to meet that basic benchmark. >> give me a break. we had a bipartisan commission equally divided, equal subpoena power. they voted against it. the minority leader whipped against it and convinced of the senate to try to kill it. vanessa: former president trump spent this day at the u.s.-mexico border as he makes his return to public view. he toured a section of unfinished border wall and attack president biden for rescinding his policies on migrants. the appearance came as prosecutors in new york are expected to charge the trump organization with tax-related
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crimes tomorrow. media reports say chief financial officer allen weisselberg is likely to turn himself in thursday morning. the university of north carolina chapel hill's board of truees has voted to grant tenure to journalist nicole hannah jones, author of "the new york times" "1619 project." the board's initial failure to grant her tenure sparked intense criticism. still to come on the "s newshour," chaotic ballot counting leaves the result of new york's mayor race in question. many school districts intensify summer programs to combat learning loss during the pandemic, and much more. >> this is the "pbs newsho"
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from w eta studios in washington and in the west from the walter cronkite studio of journalism at arizona state university. judy: the u.s. is on the verge of completing a unilateral and unconditional withdrawal from afghanistan, nearly 20 years after it invaded, and the outgoing u.s. military commander has delivered a stark warning about the future of the country. nick schifrin is back right now, and he joins me. good to have you with us to talk about this. what are military leadersaying they believe could happen? nick: this is perhaps as blunt and pessimistic statement as the military has ever made about afghanistan.it's the first time the biden administration or military has publicly acknowledged the ultimate risk of this withdrawal. this is general scott miller, the u.s. commander in kabul, saying civil war is certainly a path that can be visualized if this continues on the trajectory
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it is on right now. that should be a concern to the world, and it is a concern to the region, for creating an environment where there is even more violence than there is today. what is behind this warning? first, taliban strength. the taliban have seized some 50 districts around the country, some not important, but others critical. it could cut off kabul from other parts of the country. second, afghan government weakness. we are seeing the afghan army surrendering to the taliban. that is what you are seeing, surrendering to the taliban instead of fighting. the speed at which they've given up territory has surprised the u.s. and afghan government. then ethic divisions. these are societies creating militias, that harkens back to the time the country was not ruled because there were local
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militias overseen by warlords. it is pretty grim. there's an intelligence community assessment that kabul could fall within months, or kabul could hold on even if it loses other parts of the country, but the u.s. will not be there to save the afghan military or afghan government. judy: pretty ominous. given this, is that affecting the timetable for u.s. troop withdrawal? nick: short answer is no. the afghan government asked the u.s. to delay the withdrawal, but the withdrawal other than the airport and embassy is imminent. take a look at this from bagram airbase. these are hundreds of service members leaving bagram. this is the heart of the u.s. effort in central afghanistan. this is the symbol of the withdrawal moving over to the afghans, but there a details outstanding. firsy, contractors that service afghan helicoprs are also leaving.
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the u.s. is trying to figure out where to do that servicing. turkey is agreeing to protect the airport, but turkey is asking for u.s. service members to stay and asking for nato reimbursement. those discussions are ongoing. lastly, the embassy. hundreds of service members will stay to guard to be giant embassy compound in the heart of kabul. this is critical. the u.s. says it needs.s. troops to secure the embas. it needs and embassy to continue to support afghanistan. the taliban have never said they will allow u.s. troops to stay there, so a senior military official tells me today if the taliban attacked the embassy, they will have to evaluate whether they can keep it open. other officials admit say they do not know if the embassy is sustainable. judy: finally, a lot of concern about the interpreters and other afghan citizens who have been helping the u.s. nick: 17,000 interpreters, tens
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of thousands of their family members have applied for special immigrant visas. for some of them, this is life and death. some 300 have been killed since 2014. the plan is to evacuate them to a u.s. territory. the administration is working on specifics, but the military says it is ready and able to do that so long as the u.s. and turkey can figure out how to secure that airport. the administration emphasizes that billions of dollars of continuing support, the training, and highlights their are no u.s. casualties and won't be, but senior afghan officials say their country is being abandoned, and they are worried about the future of afghanistan. judy: no wonder. nick schifrin, thank you. it has been more than a week since the polls closed in new
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york city. the board of election just releed updated tallies, but there is still no call on the democratic primary results for mayor. one because of the weight, a new system of voting called ranked choice, which lets voters list five candidates on their ballot, but the counting took a confusing turn yesterday. yamiche: for the new york city board of elections, it has been a chaotic 24 hours. yesterday, the city posted on official results, including 135,000.new ballots . those results showed that the lead of eric adams had significantly narrowed against his closest competitors, mild wiley and kathryn garcia, but hours later, the city removed those ballots. officials said a software error included test ballots in the tally. here to help us understand what went wrong, i'm joined by christina greer.
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she's a professor of political science at fordham university. what in the world is going on? why all of this confusion? christina: new york city voters decided we were going to use ranked choice voting, but this is a period where instead of having the winner take all and the winner of the election getting 40% or more, this is a system that counts essentially all ballots. eric adams is in the lead, but we still have absentee affidavit ballots that need to be counted. until those ballots are counted, we do not know who the mayor of new york city will be. it will most likely be another week or two because those absentee ballots have to be postmarked by june 22. they still can come in up until a week later. yamiche: why did new york city, the largest city in the united
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states, why did it implement ranked choice voting, and what are the benefits supposed to be? >> the benefits, looking in minneapolis or san francisco, are to include candidates of color and female candidates of color. if you can vote up to five people, you possibly don't have to think strategically in the way a lot of people do. we know in past elections, people might say, i like this candidate, but because she is a woman, she has no chance of winning. this gives voters the opportunity to say, i like this candidate. i'm not going to write to them first. you don't have to be as strategic as people have been in the past. some people are still strategic in their ballots. critics complained there was not enough education to explain whether or not you should just vote for your ideal candidate, whether you should vote for up to five or choose three, and
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part of the confusion is the board of elections didn't want to put out too much literature explaining this process during 2020 because they did not want to confuse voters because we did not use ranked choice voting for the presidential election. yamiche: eric adams has filed a lawsuit. what is that going to happen -- going to mean for what happens next? >> andrew yang filed a lawsuit well before the election was over, and he came in fourth. eric adams is not part of the political class. he has an insider, outsider type of status. his concern is that those in power don't want him to bd 110th mayor of new york. the concern for people like me is the longer it takes them to count the ballots, the confidence in the system, some voters think there could be discrepancies or some
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inconsistencies, but we are trying to explain to new york city voters, we are a city of almost 9 million people. it's about 25% of the voting population. it is more important to get it right. yamiche: how do you see this issue in new york city connecting with the larger conversation we are having when it comes to the false claims of voter fraud? >> sometimes, there is incompetence, and sometimes, there is fraud. we are looking at incompetence and a restructuring. those are conversations that need to extend beyond election day. the two have been conflated, and we will have to have some real conversations, depending on who is victorious. it depends on whether their opponents raise claim of fraud or inconsistencies. yamiche: incompetence, not fraud . we will keep that in mind.
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christina greer of fordham university. judy: the decision by the pennsylvania supreme court to overturn the sexual assault conviction bill cosby stunned many today. the court said that cosby's due process rights were violated when he was charged in 2015 for a 2004 assault. during an earlier civil trial involving cosby, a prosecutor said any statements cosby made in that trial could not be used against him in a later criminal case, but they were. today's reversal was a high-profile blow to a conviction in the me too era. a trial attorney in los angeles and a former federal prosecutor joins us. this has taken a lot of people by surprise.
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in a nutshell, what did the court decide? stunning. we were all surprised when the supreme court issued its opinion. we thought there might be a problem with the prior eyewitnesses. it was an issue litigated at the trial. they went in a different direction. they focused on the statements made in the civil deposition, and not only did the court go as far as to say the statements violated his fifth amendment privilege against self discrimination, they said the former district attorney gave bill cosby a deal and enforced this agreement. this is unexpected and frankly
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unheard of. judy: mr. castro was one of the attorneys representing former president trump in his trial before the united states senate in his impeachment. you mentioned this is unprecedented. as the state supreme court looked at this, what was it they said that the court that made the original decision had overlooked? >> what the pennsylvania supreme court did, they construed one of his press agreements to be in agreement. normally, if you want to get past someone's fth amendment privilege, you offer them immunity. or you can do a nonprosecution agreement.
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a decision not to prosecute, that is something prosecutors do every single day, and to issue a statement, that is something that is routine. what the supreme court did in pennsylvania was to say that was in agreement, which was shocking because normally bill cosby gave up nothing but testimony in a civil case. judy: is there recourse for the prosecution? >> there really isn't stateside. had the pennsylvania supreme court suppressed the evidence, the damaging statements he made in the civil deposition, the district attorney's office could retry the case, but since they took it far instead there is an agreement not to prosecute, state prosetors have their hands tied. they cannot go after bill cosby
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anymore. there's a window possibility that the department of justice could charge bill cosby. i think that is unlikely. they rarely get involved in these types of cases. judy: quickly and finally, this is taking place in the me too erahen those who have committed either sexual assault or sexual harassment are to be held accountable more than ever. is this going toffect the movement in that direction? do you believe will provide any sort of chilling effect? >> this is a huge blow and setback for me too. we know that sexual assault is by far and away the most underreported crime in this country. victims are hesitant to come forward. prosecutors don't take these cases because they are afraid of
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losing because of proof issues. you have these victims who testify not only once but twice in public criminal tiles to see their abuser walk free, not because he's factually innocent, but because of a technical agreement made by an attorney. my heart goes out to these victims. judy: thank you very much. it is a game changer for college sports. after years of pressure in an out of court, the ncaa moves to allow college athletes to make money. john yang helps explain. john cowan tomorrow, college athletes across the country will
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be able to make financial deals that capitalize on their celebrity, what is called name, image, and likeness. iowa basketball player jordan bohannon introduced an apparel line, and wisconsin quarterback graham mertz unveiled a trademark logo. it's a departure for the ncaa's longtime stance that athletes should only get scholarships and stipends. kevin black a stone is a journalism professor at the university of maryland and a sports commentator for the "washington post." name, image, likeness, what does that mean? what will athletes be able to do starting tomorrow? >> they will be able to do what colleges have been doing with them for eons, and that is take their name, their fame, their jersey numbers, their nicknames, and turned them into some dollar bills to stick in their back pocket.
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it's a major step, but it's a step the ncaa has been pushed to do by so much litigation. john:john: you write that you don't think this is enough. you said, for one thing, this money isn't coming out of college coffers. >> exactly. that is the thing that gets me. the real problem is these players, most of whom are black males when you talk about revenue-generating sports, are generating gazillions of dollars for the ncaa. the ncaa through its decision, which was pushed by the supreme court, is still not giving up any of that money to the
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athletes. what they are saying is, you want to earn some money on your own? go out there and do it. we wante to earn a few books by cutting the neighbor's grass. they are still not getting any workers comp benefits. they are still not getting long term health care, which are the things they need as college athletes they need to thrive in this game. john: the ncaa's argument is not giving the athletes more money, not giving them anything beyond scholarships is what distinguishes them. what do you say to that? >> it's bogus. what the ncaa is still doing and what the courts allow them to do is to say that the college game is an amateur game. that is hogwash. everybody that goes to a college game is either handing over
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money or making money, everyone except the athletes who they go to see. maybe this is a foot in the door at fixing that problem, but that right now is all it is. unless that gets fixed, i am hard-pressed as a fan and as a journalist to really celebrate all of what has happened in the past week. as judy: you noted, the ncaa has been pushed into this. there were state laws about to take effect. they wanted a level playing field across the country. the supreme court punched big holes in the amateurism argument. do you think we are going to see more? i think there are going to be some smart lawyers who will bring more lawsuits against the system that exists. i think the fact that now you are basically saying these
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athletes are not amateurs because they have been able to earn some money off of a sport they play, it's going to take the cover off. the architect of the modern ncaa walter byers basically wrote a confession in the mid-1990's called unsportsmanlike conduct: the exploitation of the college athlete. he explained everything he did in college sports and pointed out problems with it. finally now, people are coming to grips with it. these athletes needed to be treated like the employees of the industrial complex of higher education and athletics that they are. john: thank you very much. >> thank you.
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judy: summer is clearly here, but the sruptions caused by the pdemic are affecting the summer plans of some students and teachers. educators around the country are scrambling to help students catch up. many are utilizing billions in federal stimulus funds to beef up their summer school programs. stephanie sy visited two atlanta area school districts to see their approach to helping middle schoolers. stephanie: it is 8:00 on a mid june morning, and instead of enjoying summer break, christopher jones is headed to school. >> christopher was an ap student. when the pandemic came, his grades dropped. stephanie: john lewis convict us academy shut its doors in march of 2020. when it reopened, 80% of its 950
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students chose to stay virtual, but not christopher. home was not conducive to learning. >> it was hard. while i am on the zoom, my mom cussing out my brother. [laughter] my dogs barking. my teacher was always telling me to mute myself. >> i am who i am, not who you think i am. stephanie: to address these challenges, educators are pouring hundreds ofillions into rigorous summer programs to try to catch kids up, says atlanta superintendent lisa herring. >> the core business of our school system is teaching and learning. it was disrupted. we have a responsibility to do something for our children. stephanie: what that means in atlanta public schools is a full day 9:00 to 4:00 summer school, which hones in on the basics.
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>> the big difference for this summer's academic recovery is it is focused on math and english, 90 minutes each. this is a total of three hours. >> 13.16 plus 5.90. stephanie: watching her son lose ground is what worries monisha white, a single parent who works the night shift as a lab technician. >> with the pandemic, i see a lot of stigmas put on low income kids, that they are not learning. stephanie: you don't want him to become a statistic. >> no. stephanie: in atlanta and across the country, students of color were hit harder by the pandemic than their white counterparts. all students might be nine months behind in math, but black and hispanic students could be as far behind as a year.
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>> this is a high poverty area. our school is a title i school. single parent households. home life for some of our students can be very challenging. stephae: summer program provides food, breakfast, lunch, weekend meals to take home fridays, and snacks. hands-on afternoon sessions such as the science of ice cream making and flag football are meant to acclimate students back after a year and a half of social distancing. for many tweens, middle school is fraught with academic and social challenges that the pandemic made harder. >> they are growing. they are going through puberty, so their bodies are changing, and they are very awkward at that age. >> a big part of middle school is the social aspect, being able to be in the classroom with
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students, being able to eat lunch every day, angst that in the past we have taken for granted. stephanie: the amount of learning lost is still difficult to pin down. standardized tests were canceled last year and reinstated when students were doing virtual learning, making the assessments unreliable. >> we know that our kids need us more now than after this event than ever before. stephanie: stephanie: stephanie: chief executive officer cliff jones in fulton county school district has received troubling data. >> typically in a 9.5-month school year, our kids made 9.5 months of growth or more. what we saw during the pandemic was they made 5.3 months in literacy and 7.2 months in math. stephanie: a rising eighth grader at sandy springs middle school harmony jackson is having to attend summer school for the first time.
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before the pandemic, she regularly got 90's on her math tests. i know it is going to be hard to ask, but what was your lowest score during the pandemic? >> it might have been a 50. stephanie: how did it feel? >> it was really shocking because i know i've been super good at it, and suddenly, you are seeing these low scores like, what happened? stephanie: principal lori woodruff wants it to feel like camp. that means literature discussions in an outside courtyard, a scavenger hunt to teach the pythagorean theorem, and building a roller coaster to demonstrate physics. >> i like the two of them. stephanie: no child wants to be in summer school. >> we've tried to make it a very welcoming place that they want to be here. >> being in the classroom is the
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best. stephanie: do you feel like you are regaining the confidence? >> i really am. i am starting to get the 90's back. stephanie: that's amazing. to help students like harmony, fulton county doubled the number of schools offering summer classes, expanded course options, and opened the program to all students. finding enough teachers was a challenge, even after $1000 bonuses were offered. >> our teachers are exhausted. i could've put 30 more kids in summer school had i had more teachers. john: summer school is one tool in bringing kids to grade level. more time in the classroom during the regular school year and specialized tutoring also help. both school districts have no illusions that a few weeks in the summer alone can combat the covid slide. >> our belief is not that everything will be resolved at the end of june 2021. stephanie: we know we have to
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have a long-term perspective on our plan moving forward. this can't be made up in one year. >> both atlanta public and fulton county districts have three-year plans. summer programs are voluntary, unlike regular school, and registration fell short of district goals, meaning many students will lag behind in the fall. for some like harmony, there are signs of progress. >> i'm so excited the happiness is back on her face. i know she would not be prepared as a rising eighth grader without the program. >> i see the faces getting out the school buses every day. i see those kids smiling, and they are coming back every day. they show up. stephanie: now that the pandemic is e-zine, schoo are trying to show up for them. i am stephanie sy in atlanta. ♪
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judy: as the pandemic filled american hospitals, it brought life to a standstill in 2020. the long-standing opioids epidemic was only growing worse, essentially out of sight. as i'm none of oz reports, the death toll from that epidemic, once centered in rural, white parts of the country, appears to have shifted to more urban african-american communities. >> the center for disease control and prevention estimate that more than 92,000 americans died of overdoses in the 12 months ending last november. it's the highest number ever recorded and a 30% jump over the prior year. the data is not broken down by race, but researchers at the university of california found the largest increase in overdose deaths was in african-americans. in missouri, black men are now four times more likely than a white person to die of an overdose.
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a st. louis physician who has worked centers and neighborhoods hard-hit by addiction joins us now. dr. turner, welcome to the newshour. those numbers are striking. tell us about this past pandemic year. what has been driving those numbers? >> what is driving those numbers is multifactorial. a few things on the streets with the drug supply changing, we saw a significant change in our drug supply, and whenever you see a change in drug supply, that can increase someone's risk for an overdose. we've seen a lot of fentanyl and fentanyl analogs. with the shut down, we started to see heroin on the streets. whenever you have a significant change like that and if people go back to using fentanyl, we increase someone's risk for an overdose. people were no longer to safely
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use. we need to get naloxone, reverse overdoses. there were delays with 911 or emergency services being able respond to overdoses at the home. when we look at the health care system, we have to quickly transition to telemedicine. that was something unheard of, being able to offer telemedicine for substance use services -- purposes. the pandemic ripped this band-aid off our health care system and revealed many inequities are dealing with now -- we are dealing with now. >> tell me about what you are hearing among your patients, what you are seeing on the front lines. >> a lot of my patients are telling me, in the black community, the substance abuse is cocaine, a stimulant.
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we need to start educating about testing for drugs. that is something that is unheard of, but that is one thing we need to start talking about. you don't know what supply you were getting. >> what about access to treatment and treatment for patients once they are in any treatment facility? >> that's a huge issue, as well. if you look at the location of treatment centers and where those are located at, there's a big push to do more at the primary care level. just access, transportation, getting from one place to another, that's a huge issue. how many doctors actually want to practice in this area? i can't leave out the issues with systemic racism that is inherent and embedded in our health care system. even if you get somebody to show up to care, now they have an issue. they are less likely to come back to you and see you. we have issues getting people to
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care and keeping people in care. it goes back to how we think about how the laws and policies were put into place that disproportionately affect the black and brown communities, the draconian laws, the mandatory sentencing. we need to start humanizing this and stop criminalizing this and coming from a perspective of being punitive. we need to start focusing on the people who matter. no law or policy should be able to speak for someone's care. >> you are among those leading the charge to stem these death rates. we have teams going into jails on the ground, churches. there are narcan backpacks being handed out, those overdose reversal drugs. is enough happening on the ground? >> i will say i'm appreciative of all those efforts. i think we need to move towards teaching people how to safely use.
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narcan is one aspect for harm reduction and reversing an overdose. we do know that overdoses occur about 80%, 85% of the time in someone's home. we need to start educating people on how to safely use. we need to teach people how to safely use so that you won't die and we can see you again. >> physician in st. louis missouri joining us tonight, dr. turner, think you so much. >> thank you. ♪ judy: throughout this past month, lgbtq communities in the u.s. have been celebrating pride in cities and states around the country. corporate america has made itself a part of that, too, by increasingly tapping into pride month and trying to showcase its efforts to increase diversity and inclusion, but there are
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concerns that pride has lost some of its political focus and important issues are not being addressed. lisa desjardins has our conversation. lisa: companies actively market around pride. there is a term for that -- rainbow capitalism. margaret -- target has pride-themed ads. capital one bank has this feel-good video. but for many lgbtq individuals, it is hardly good times. several states, including florida, have passed new restrictions, including on transgender athletes. hate crimes remain too frequent. murders of trans individuals are at a new high. it is leading to questions about the purpose of pride month. a professor of gender and sexuality studies at the university of southern california --
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>> some people might think corporations are using pride symbols, people are putting rainbow symbols on their twitter feeds, and they think that is support, but why would you say it is a concern? >> i think we must understand that it is a gesture of support, but gestures of support, nice words, visible images of solidarity aren't always enough, and they are often never enough. it's not that people are angry that corporations are showing some effort at making a gesture to lgbtq communities, but what backs it up? is there anything substantial and material that will help to transform the world's that we are in and make it better for us? >> we are having this conversation because this is the last day of pride month, but what is the trade-off? we've seen corporations make a big effort, but does it last all year? >> there are endless memes and
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twitter accounts devoted to corporations in the month of june showing a happy lgbt couple or person, andhen corporations on july 1, which reverts back to the same iconography of straight couples and business as usual, and all we hope is for sustained attention and commitment from these corporations, organizations, and anybody who expresses ally ship beyond the month of june and into perpetuity. >> corporation say they are raising awareness and in some cases raising money, donating some of the sales they are bringing in from lgbtq merchandise to causes that are related. i hear you saying you want something substantial. what do you believe corporate america should be doing? >> i think many of us in the lgbt community are interested in a larger series of systemic
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changes, policy changes at every level. some money towards maybe a popular cause here or there, sometimes like marriage equality was a mainstream popular cause for a period of time -- it isn't enough to address the deeper systemic issues that perpetuate the oppression of lgbt peoples, especially of color, those who are on housed, trans people with violence against them, what many americans are fighting for around systemic equality and the end of white supremacy. i think lgbt folks see that they areart of a broader movement, that we need to make deeper changes to our system, our culture in order to have a more just world. >> we are seeing more attention on different parts of the lgbt community. the transgender community, non-binary individuals -- people who do not identify strictly as
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male or female. can you talk about the tension and communications surrounding those groups and hothey see the movement? >> i think we have to consider whether or not certain groups that have attained certain privileges within the lgbt acronym have to maybe consider abdicating some of their agenda in order to incorporate what would benefit the most folks under the lgbtq plus acronym, and whether or not the is true inclusion, acceptance, and understanding for trans, non-binary folks and others in the community, those who don't share the same privileges and wealth, so that we can achieve and attain a truly transformative change. >> important conversations we will keep following. thank you so much. judy: that's the "pbs newshour" for tonight. i am judy woodruff.
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please stay safe, and we will see you soon. >> major funding for the "pbs newshour" has been provided by -- >> for 25 years, consumer cellular'goal has beens to provide service that helps people to communicate and connect. we offer a variety of plans and teams. to learn more, visit consumercellular.tv. ♪ >> johnson & johnson. bnsf railway. financial services firm raymond james. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change worldwide. and with the ongoing support of these individuals and institutions.
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this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. this is pbs newshour west from weta studios in washington and from our bureau at the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university.
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