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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 19, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: andow, "bbc world news". washington.
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this is bbc world news america. making their closing arguments in a case that is still not over, the defense and prosecution layout their final points in the derek chauvin trial. now it goes to the jury. russia's opposition leader has moved to a prison hospital as his health deteriorates. it puts more pressure on president putin. for the first time in six decades, cuba's communist party has a leader who is not one of the castro brothers. and, mission accomplished. nasa flies a drone over the surface of mars. the flight was a short one but the achievement was e normous. ♪ katty: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe.
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some of america's biggest cities are on alert as lawyers in the trial of derek chauvin had been making their closing arguments in minneapolis. the prosecution told the jury to use their common sense, saying it was not policing, it was murder. the lawyer for the defense said mr. shope induced force appropriate for the case. here's one of the prosecution lawyers making their case. >> he ordered floyd to put his hands on the steering wheel. he does. that is not resistance. lane orders floyd to get out of the car. he does. that is not resistance. they want him handcuffed. he is handcuffed. that is not resistance, that is compliance. katty: that was the attorney for the prosecution. derek chauvin's defense lawyer eric nelson told the jury they must not convict unless they are certain of his guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. >> compare the evidence against
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itself. test it. challenge it. compare it to the law. read the instructions in their entirety. stop from the point of resution of innocence and see how far the state can get. i submit to you that the state has failed to meet its burden of proof. katty: bbc's larry has been following this case for us for the past weeks. he joins us now. after three weeks of witnesses and testimony, the prosecution and defense have given their closing arguments. the judge has given instructions to the jurors. what happens now? larry: now, the jury begins deliberations. it could take one hour or one week. they have been told not to take into account whatever biasesr personal feelings or the likely
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consequences of what their decision is, but you only look at the facts and evidence that has been presented. we only have two cases to go back on in recent memory. the last and only officer ever convicted of a misconduct like this was in 2019. the jury deliberated for 11 hours and he was even found not guilty of the first charge of second-degree murder. the only other case we have been 2017. the jury deliberated for five days and found the officer not guilty in the killing of philando castile. katty: the defense was making the point, which is part of this history, that you only have to find a reasonable doubt in order to acquit derek chauvin. it only has to be one member of that 12 person jury that has to be not completely convinced by the prosecution's case. the bar is much lower for the defense. larry: the bar is significantly
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lower for the defense. the instructions the jury have received say if you feel a reasonable officer presented with these circumstances would do the same thing derek chauvin did, then no crime has been committed. what eric nelson needed to do was to try to raise that reasonable doubt. i think today he did a masterful job of trying to go through the tnesses the prosecution brought and undermined their case and say this is the training derek chauvin received and any of the officers who have done the same thing. it is a multifactorial cause of death. if any of the jury disagrees on that charge, he will not be found guilty. however, there care three counts so he could be convicted of any, all or none of them. katty: give us some sense of what minneapolis is gearing up for as they wait for this verdict. larry: minneapolis has been on edge since the beginning. the killing of daunte wright
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about a week ago has added onto that. the city is nervous. people are anxious. there are many people angry and afraid given how this trial has gone with george floyd's drug use and underlying problems, they may not find justice. there's a big operation called operation safety net which includes the national guard, state troopers and local police around here who are bracing, anticipating any protests, maybe some riots. the whole city is watching what happens here. here, you will see some of those reactions when we hear the verdict. daunte wright's funeral service will be held on thursday and that will be an emotionally charged time. katty: larry for us in minneapolis. thank you so much. a lot of focus on what is happening in minneapolis, but other cities also bracing for this verdict. an incredibly tensely watch television trial being played out across television networks. americans will be watching.
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people around the world have been watching this trial as well and they will be waiting for that verdict too. for the first time in six decades, cu's communist party has a leader who is not one of the castro brothers. the cuban president has been chosen to succeed raul castro who announced on friday he was resigning. diaz canel is seen as loyal to the castros, but the pandemic has rocked the country's economy. will grant has more. will: it has been a communist party heavy on the symbolism of continuity. in each appearance, raul castro shared the stage with the men who replaced him, miguel diaz canelle. the first time cuba is ruled by someone other than the castros since 1959. it is a significant historic moment in cuba, and yet in the street most people have more pressing concerns.
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they are coping with the worst economic crisis the island has seen since just after the cold war. with queues around the block for basic goods. >> i don't think the leadership are capable of getting of us out of this spot. the country is in a terrible shape at the moment. will: the committed revolutionary olga cinches disagrees. "we the true commonest support the." the covid-19 pandemic has bettered the tourism-based economy. others struggling to survive. it is all a far cry from a few years ago when the u.s. and cuba reestablished the blue medic ties -- diplomatic ties and president castro invited president obama to havana. four years of the trump
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administration have reversed that, and so far, president biden shows no integration -- no inclination to either undo the embargo or the hard-line against the island. >> policy steps are not among the president's top foreign policy priorities. ♪ will: from the death of fidel castro to raul castro retirement, the changing of the guard and cuba has been gradual. as all those who fought alongside the castro brothers also retire from the bureau, the age of the island's top table is younger, but that does not necessarily mean modernization. and without fresh ideas, there's almost certainly more economic hardship ahead in a post-castro cuba. will grant, bbc news. katty: someone who does not have the name castro is now running cuba. the white house says the world will hold the russian government to account if the prominent opposition leader alexey navalny
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dies in prison. press secretary jen psaki said moscow should expect consequences. navalny has been on hunger strike for nearly three weeks and being moved to prison hospital. more international pressure on president putin following new u.s. sanctions for meddling in elections. steve rosen beck reports from siberia on the growing tensions with russia. steve: where is russia going under vladimir putin? what kind of a country is the president building? what is he thinking and planning? getting inside vladimir putin's mind is one artist's job. he sees a leader determined to keep our. -- power. >> however you mix up the pieces, russia's jigsaw will always shape putin.
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he's outplayed everyone.all of his opponents have been removed, jailed, poisoned or killed. steve: alexander was poisoned and later imprisoned. he's on hunger strike. there's is growing concern about his health and growing pessimism among his supporters. in january, police detained igor, a pro-navalny protester. >> we are going back to the red terror for anyone who thought differently from the great leader was persecuted. now people who don't support our president are seen as enemies. steve: patriotic chimes, a sign of the times. the kremlin's encouraging national pride and distrust of the west. we're being followed. there it is again. everywhere we go. the fact we are being followed
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shows how nervous the russian authorities are, how sensitive they are to potential criticism of what's happening here. and also how suspicious they are of the west. so, one of the cars that have been following us pulled up. we will try to have a chat. [speaking russian] >> [speaking russian] steve: he is saying they are not following us, it is just our imagination. that's not true. for her and her family, it is not the west they fear. it is russia's direction. like most russians, they avoid politics and protests. >> i think that people are afraid. if your director finds that you went there --
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steve: for protest. >> maybe you were jailed. sometimes you could lose your job. people are just afraid. steve: when you look into the future, what kind of a russia would you like your son to live in? >> i would like russia to be more free. but, you know, i don't believe anything will change in the near future. steve: but, change can happen suddenly in russia. communism collapsed and some think that a system built around one man, even a strong man, is dangerously unstable. >> russia is heading straight for a big catastrophe. uncertain, a reversal. it is like the titanic heading for the iceberg. steve: the overriding feeling i get about russia is uncertainty. that is a global concern because the direction russia takes has
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consequences for the whole world. steve rosenberg, bbc news. katty: so, how was that uncertainty seen in washington? let's talk to john kirby, pentagon press secretary and assistant secretary of defense for public affairs. let me pick up on what stephen root -- steve rosenberg was reporting on the sense of instability in russia. is that causing concern in the pentagon? mr. kirby: what is causing the most concern is this recent buildup along the eastern border of ukraine with russian forces and occupied crimea. it is the largest buildup since 2014 and is deeply concerning. the secretary is in brussels, as you know, last week. and this was a topic of major concern among our nato allies. it is not exactly clear what the russians are doing there, but it is certainly not adding to the security and stability in that
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part of the world. as for the politics inside russia, we are watching that closely as well. what concerns us most of the pentagon, hontly, is russian malign activities. certainly what they are doing on the continent, but in cyberspace, election interference here in the u.s. and the way they interfere in other democracies around the world. and the muscle flexing they continue to do in the mediterranean, up north near the arctic circle. all of these activities are concerning for us. katty: bill burns, the director of the cia, says on talk about ukraine that russia now has, according to the cia, enough troops on the border of ukraine for a limited military incursion. that does not sound terribly alarming, a limited military incursion, does it? mr. kirby: i think any incursion into ukraine, any violation of ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity should be concerning to all of us.
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i won't get into specific intelligence assessments. i believe that to our intelligence community colleagues, but we are seeing this buildup as well and it is deeply concerning. an incursion, another incursion, another violation of ukrainian sovereignty is absolutely of enough concern to us that we want to be clear about that. katty: let's go further east to asia because he looks at the same time we have this buildup of escalation of military forces on the border of ukraine from the russian side, we've had china flexing its muscles militarily around the issue of taiwan. does it seem to the pentagon there is more of a strategic coordination takinglace between russia and china at the moment. if so, how worrying would that be for the u.s.? mr. kirby: they have done some exercises recently which is unusual for them to operate militarily and it seems to be a
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trend. we are watching that closely. they are not the types of two nationstates that have been interested. it is unusual that they are trying to seek out these bilateral security temporary arrangements, if you will, and we are watching that. it is not clear exactly where they are going with this and it is not cleared the degree either side is committed to deepening and improving and developing a strong bilateral relationship based on trust and confidence. the one thing these two countries have in common is they don't have a lot of friends and maybe they are trying to achieve some sort of friendship between them but we are not see long-term future for that. there's not a lot of history between the two of them that would lend you to believe this is an option. again, it is an unnatural
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relationship that they seem to have. katty: very interesting. john kirby joining us. thank you. lots of other things we would love to discuss so please come back. mr. kirby: i will. katty: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, european football is in a frenzy after a dozen teams say they will form their own super league. we will look at it and what they want to do with it. a weeklong lockdown has been announced in the indian capital of delhi were covid cases are continuing to rise. more than 270,000 coronavirus cases have been reported across india, with more than 1600 deaths in the last day alone. the country is now behind only america in total infections. our bbc correspondent in india. reporter: coronavirus cases
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in india are spiraling around the -- out of control. icu beds are running out and crematorium's say bodi are piling up. one theory behind this sharp surgeon cases is the detection of a new variant. they are still looking into it, but some experts believe it is more transmissible and more deadly. we know that the indian variant has now been detected in a number of cases in the u.k but plane loads of travelers continued to fly from india to britain. all of this is adding pressure on the u.k. government to at india to its travel read list. -- red list. ♪ katty: the announcement was a shocking as the response has been swift. 12 of europe's biggest football clubs intent to break away to form a super league all on their own. that is international football, soccer for us. if it goes forward, this would be the biggest shakeup in
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football in a generation. here's our sports correspondent anti-swiss -- andy swiss. andy: six of england's biggest clubs in one of football's biggest shakeups. forming a new super league with some of europe's other giants could bring them greater riches but at what cost to the game? the new competition features of england's so-called big six. alongside leading clubs from spain and italy. what is proposed is a midweek competition with up to 20 clubs total and eventually a women's league as well. why? the clubs are unhappy with the structure of the chevy is league which liverpool won two years ago. they all want more money and a guaranteed place at europe's top table. >> these clubs one greater certainty in respect of their ability to qualify in competitions, play against each other, to generate revenues and profits.
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but also to take control in terms of how a commercial point of view. this will result in the concentration of power and money in the hands of fewer and fewer clubs. andy: the american owners at manchester united insisted the super league will open a new chapter for european football, bringing together the greatest clubs and players throughout the season they add will ensure world-class competition. elsewhere in the game, these plans have been met with an anger the like of which football has rarely seen. indeed, the premier league says the proposals will destroy smaller clubs' dreams of climbing to the top as leicester famously did five years ago. >> competition is what it's about. the self-anointed top clubs, not competitive achievement. it undermines all the principles we teach children who come into our beautiful game about how you
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work hard in order to get your local community club promoted to the next level. andy: so what now? the super league teams want to keep on playing in their domestic leagues, but uefa says their players could be banned, potentially from the world cup, while the government condemned the proposals. >> we will look at everything we can do with the football authorities to make sure this does noto ahead with the way it is currently being proposed. i don't think it is good news for fans. i don't think it is good news for football in this country. andy: some believe this is all negotiating tactic from the big clubs to get more champions league oney from uefa. but if it happens for teams and supporters, football will never be the same. andy swiss, bbc news. katty: nasa says a new chapter in space exploration has broken after a successful test flight of a drone on mars, calling it the right brothers moment. the drone was air bone for
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about 40 seconds. let's get the latest from rebecca morel. rebecca: it was a flight that lasted 40 seconds but by hovering in the martian air, rning and then landing, nasa's ingenuity helicopter made history. [applause] >> ingenuity has performed its first flight. rebecca: this was the moment mission control learned of its success. >> human beings have never flown a rotocraft outside of our own earth's atmosphere. we don't have to say it anymore. we have flown, human beings have flown a craft on another planet and we have started it by flying in mars. it is a huge deal for humanity. rebecca: the helicopter took pictures too. this one midflight capturing its own shadow below, and another just before it touched down. until now, nasa had no guarantees this would work. these flights are testing
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cutting edge technology. on board are solar panels and a thermostat so the helicopter can survive temperatures. for each flight, scientists upload a plan. ingenuity has to make decisions by itself. high-tech cameras and sensors can spot obstacles so it can adjust its height to avoid these. but the helicopter can also use these features as landmarks so it can navigate its way down to the ground. this flight is just the start. in the coming days, the helicopter will begin to fly further and could transform our view of mars. >> helicopters can hover more ground, can act as scout vehicles. can go into fferent areas that the rover cannot go to. they can do coordinated science data, future manned missions to mars can utilize a drone helicopter.
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so, there's a lot of opportunity. rebecca: more than 100 years ago, the wright brothers made history with the first powered aircraft on earth. now a little mars helicopter has shown the same as possible on another planet, propelling us into a new era of space exploration. rebecca morel, bbc news. katty: from north carolina to mars, wow, we have come a long way. before we go, one m in belgium has come up with his own take on a covid bubble. after a social worker has been strolling through the capital brussels wearing his own portable oasis. it is plexiglas mini greenhouse that rests on his shoulders, cocooning him in a bubble of air purified by the aromatic plants inside. ok, that is reall narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation.
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. naator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. discover new favorites from pbs and locally produced shows from your station. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening, i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, gun violence in america-- more deadly mass shootings across the country this weekend, as indianapolis mourns, and leaders call for action. then, closing arguments-- the prosecution and defense wrap up their cases in the murder trial of former minneapolis police officer derek chauvin. plus, "ingenuity"-- nasa scientists celebrate another first, this time, taking flight on mars. and playing lady day on the big screen, revealing the troubling history of "the united states versus billie holiday." >> it was the hardest thing i've ever had to do in my life. even the worst moments, even the most painful moments, it was a lesson in filmmaking, it was a lesson in making art, a lesson
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