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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  April 8, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news".
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i am ros atkins. president biden has been setting out his plan to combat mass shootings in the u.s. pres. biden: gun violence in this country is an epidemic. let me say it again. gun violence in this country is an epidemic. and it is an international virus. ros: client includes a crackdown on ghost gun's, weapons that can be assembled at home and harder to trace. in the trial of derek chauvin, a lung expert says george floyd died after officers held him down like a vice. china was building hospitals at risk -- at record speed. we will look at how it is coping now. and- ♪ ros: welcome to those of you
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watching on bbc world news and on pbs in america. let's begin in washington. joe biden has unveiled executive orders to tackle gun violence. he is targeting ghost gun's, homemade weapons that are harder to be traced by the authorities. he has explained why. pres. biden: gun violence in this country is an epidemic. let me say it again. gun violence in this country is an epidemic. and it is an international virus. we want to rein in the proliferation of ghost guns. these are guns that are homemade. built from a kit. and include directions on how to finish the firearm. you can go by the kit. they have no serial numbers. so when they show up in a crime scene, they cannot be traced. and the buyers are not required to pass a background check to buy the kit, to make the gun. ros: this is joe biden's first major action on gun control since taking office.
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the issue is as prevalent as ever. last month, 18 people were killed and two mass shootings. one was in boulder, colorado, the other in atlanta, georgia. there are a lot of ways we can measure the impact of gun violence. here is the president turning to a number of them. pres. biden: gun violence in america, for those of you who think of this from an economic standpoint, estimated to cost the nation $280 billion, let me say it again, $280 billion a ye. how could that be, joe? hospital bills. physical therapy. trauma counsing. legal fees. prison costs. and the loss of productivity. not to mention a psychological damage done to the children who live in these cits, watching this happen, knowing someone it happened two. ros: president biden has turned the responsibility for this towards the justice department.
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it has been given 30 days to come up with a new rule on reducing the distribution of ghost guns. 60 days to propose a new role tackling gun modifications. 60 days to propose a so-called red fly law for states. that would give courts a greater power to remove guns from people who are deemed a risk to the community. as you would imagine, lots of reaction. the gun safety lobby group, every time for gun safety, says the measures will dress the epidemic of gun violence that has raged throughout the pandemic, and begin to make good on president biden's promise to be the strongest gun safety president in history. if that is one side ofhe debate, one of the most powerful voices on the other is the national rifle association. it has called the move extreme and says the nra is ready to fight. these measures are all enacted through executive orders, meaning joe biden will not need approval from congress. but the president will face a number of uphill battles around gun control. no many americans see this as an infringement on their constitutional right to bear
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arms under the second amendment. the president addressed this concern directly. pres. biden: nothing, nothing i'm about to recommend in any way in pigeons on the second amendment. phony arguments suggesting these are second amendment rights at stake and what we are talking about. but no amendment, no amendment to the constitution is absolute. you cannot yell fire in a crowd of -- a crowded movie theater and call it freedom of speech. you could not note -- could not own any weapon you wanted to on. from the beginning the second amendment existed, certain people were not allowed to have weapons. the ide bizarre to suggest some of the things we are recommending is contrary to the constitution. ros: last year, gun violence killed nearly 20,000 people in the u.s. that is more than any other year in the past 20 years. alec scheduled tonto is a reporter from the hill. she explains what ghost guns are and why they are deemed a
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problem. alex: i first found out about ghost guns when president biden was first inaugurated. i was speaking with some of these gun control advocacy groups, and they mentioned tackling ghost guns is one of the things that president biden could do through executive order without involving congress. this is not a very widely known term. what is interesting about the use of ghost guns, which are guns that people get some sort of kit send to their home and you can make then yourself so they don't have a serial number so when they show up at a crime scene, they are traceable. the recent shootings in boulder, atlanta, and other onebefore the pandemic, these were guns purchased in a store. so when talking to people about biden's actions, there is hesitation that you can't really point to any of these big mass shootings that have been in recent years and say,f ghost
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gottens or cracked down on, this would have prevented this from happening. this is interesting this is what he is tackling. it is also something he can do without congress beinvolved so he is able to unilaterally take care of one thing. ros: that is interesting. you can help me put this in context. how do we compare what president biden is announcing today with previous pushes, particularly by the democrats during the obama administration to deal with gun control? alex: during the obama administration, we heard calls for congresso pass background checks, especially after the 2012 sandy hook shooting. now congress is still tackling background checks. it passed the house last month and it is in the senate where it faces a very uphill battle. we also saw during the obama administration a push towards banning assault weapons. and these high-capacity magazine guns.
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this was something that president clinton back in the 90's enacted a 10 year ban on assault weapons. that had expired in the early 2000's. president obama was not able to do that. so now, biden is calling on congress to get this done. ros: the trial of the former police officer derek chauvin has been hearing testimony from a veteran lung doctor who has told jurors george floyd's death was caused because it was impossible for him to breathe. the expt says george floyd showed signs of a brain injury about four minutes before derek chauvin lifted his knee. here he is explaining the mechanics of how george floyd stopped breathing. >> have you formed an opinion to medical certainty on the cause of mr. floyd's death? >> yes, i have. >> you tell the jury what that opinion or opinions are? >> yes. mr. floyd died from a low level
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of oxygen. this caused damage to his brain, and it also caused a pea arrhythmia that caused his heart to stop. >> and by pea, unique that she may pulseless electrical activity? >> correct. it is a form of an abnormal beat to the heart. ros: we are going to go to the live feed from the courtroom right now. the same witness is being cross-examined by the defense. before we do, we are not in control of the feed. at any point, there may be distressing stills or video or testimony. with that in mind, let's listen to what the defense is asking. >> you testified that the last breath of mr. floyd was at 20:25:16. >> correct. >> prior to that point, to all
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people who were there and monitoring him, it would have appeared -- he would have appeared to be breathing. >> that was hard for me to hear. >> prior to that point, it would be reasonable that he would appear to be breathing. >> yes. >>n fact, you showed us a segment where you were able to count his respiratory rates. >> yes. >> and then you said at 20:35:06, is when the first air was pumped back into him. >> correct. >> and you understand that paramedics arrived at 20:27:45. >> yes. >> so the time beten when the paramedics arrived and mr. floyd got his first air was roughly eight minutes, almost nine minutes. >> yes. >> and according to timelines,
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the drive to the hospital is about five minutes. >> i'm sorry, i didn't catch that. >> you will wear the drive to the hospital is about five minutes? >> i was not aware. i have no reason to. >> all right. between 20:20 7:40 five seconds when the emts first arrived, and the time they got him to have air in his lungs, that was a crucial nine minutes. >> yes. >> your honor, i have nothing further. ros: let's bring in larry maddow who is live with us from minneapolis who has been listening across all of this. all of these witnesses, we should emphasize, arbeing caused by the prosecution. the defense will have their turn
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in the next few days. what is the purpose of the prosecution calling this dr.? -- this doctor? larry: this doctor has been critical to the prosecution's case that george floyd died from oxygen deficiency. he said that and that lead to brain damage which caused him to st because of three key factors. he was lying on the concrete which was a contributing factor. they had the knee on his neck, and he was handcuffed. the reason they need for him to go into this level of detail is what eric nelson has been doing, the defense trying to push back on what he said, i going back to the levels of the addictive opioids in his system. fentanyl especially. he said the level of fentanyl in his system was not significant, otherwise his respiratory rate would not be 22, it would be 10. they have to have dr. tobin really walk the jury throu it. according to the reporters inside the courtroom, that jerry
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has been paying a lot of attention, they have been watching every exhibit, every graph, video. they have been taking notes. that is critical. that is why eric nelson is trying to push back and discredit his testimony. ros: if that is the testimony we are hearing at the moment, do we know who else is coming later in the day? larry: we know that there are five more medical experts to come, including a forensic pathologist. this is directly contravening what the defense will call. what witnesses they tend to bring is dr. andrew baker. he is the medical examiner and he carried out an autopsy on george floyd's body. he is the corner of this case and he computed george floyd died of a carteret -- of a cardiac arrest. what he did not say was george floyd had an oxygen deficiency and that is why the prosecution has had their own witnesses come in. when he does come in, it is time to discredit his testimony in their case. ros: thank you very much indeed.
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larry live with us from minneapolis. we will listen to that live feed. stay where it stay here withe on "outside source." we are going to talk about this photo opportunity. it happened in turkey on tuesday. the ramifications very much continue 48 hours later. ♪ ros: the world health organization is warning a loss of trust in the astrazeneca covid vaccine could be a blow to the fight against the virus. yesterday, we talked about how european and british medical regulators say there is an increasing amount of evidence that the vaccines linked to extremely rare blood clots. we know around 20 million people ve received the astrazeneca jab. 19 have died from blood clots. the risk is tiny but it is there. neil last st died on easter sunday after dying a blood clot, weeks after receiving his vaccine. we can't know what caused his death but his family were told
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by doctors, a link is likely. this is his sister. >> fight what has happened to neil and the impact on our family, i strongly believe people should go ahead and have the vaccine. if you have had one done, go and have your second. if you have not had your dose yet, nature you do. overall, we will save all lives by people having the vaccine then not. ♪ ros: ros atkins ros atkins i am. we are here in the bbc news room. our lead series comes from -- our lead comes from washington. joe biden is targeting ghost guns which are homemade weapons that are harder to trace. let's turn to china. it has been one year since the end of the lockdown in wuhan. that was how the day was marked
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a year ago. it was a huge moment for the 11 million people who call wuhan home. to remind you, coronavirus was first reported in wun in december 2019. the city went into lockdown for the end of january. in a strict lockdowns stayed in place for 76ays. china was initially criticized for what some said was a slow reaction to reports of this mystery illness. but once china acknowledged that it existed and was a problem, the 40's cracked down hard. they sealed off wuhan from the rest of the world. you may remember these images from the time. the authorities built several completely new hospitals in a matter of days. the official data appears to justify some of those measures. if you look at this graph, the number of recorded cases in china it from february last year, dropped off in march, and stayed low since. no second or third waves. the latest figures so -- show china has had over 100,000
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recorded infections and under 5000 deaths in total through the pandemic. with the exception of small regional lockdowns, china is just about back to normal. which begs the question,ow hasn't managed this virus so successfully in the last year? here is our beijing correspondent. >> chin's strategy from the very beginning was essentially a national lockdown. there was no one on the streets here in shanghai for a couple of weeks. wuhan was the most severe exampl that city was locked down. people shut out from the rest of the world. after that they, closed the borders, getting in out of this country has been very tough. china has been super, super vigilant. you can do that because it has infrastructures in place, administrative infrastructures, dealing with a couple of hundred of people. it has the enforcement mechanism in place. a vast police network. also most important, -- most
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importantly, digital infrastructure. how caps on phones. it is successful in containing covid and has been staggering. a city on the east coast of here last year, they tested 9 million people for covid in five days. a similar outbreak in the west, they teste almost 5 million people in a . they have not had to deal with much dissent because the truth is they contained it here and things got back to normal. people are very fearful of covid coming back. much everyone is playing along. ros: one year along -- one year on, local and national media are praising the return to normal life and the economic recovery. people's daily, the digit -- the newspaper run in china, even shared what you might call an inspirational tourism commercial for wuhan. here is some of it. ♪
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ros: you get the idea. let's be clear, china is not completely out of the threat of covid. it has reported its biggest daily jump in covid-19 cases in more than two months. the city, on the border with myanmar, is experiencing an outbreak around 80 people which have covid symptoms. half are being treated. by china standards, that is a large outbreak. the chief has been removed from his post over what has been called a serious dereliction of duty. our china media analyst has been telling us how china manages these outbreaks. reporter: as we are seeing at the moment from the latest outbreak, a city on the border with myanmar, china, as soon as it sees one case, there are
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lockdown measures in place. there are more than 100 cases that have been reported and growing over the last week. very much what is happening is these areas, people are not allowed to leave their houses. volunteers come around, they do testing within people's homes, they bring food. the idea is that the cases get down to zero. then that area can open up again. it will normally take a number of weeks for them to stay at zero before that happens. ros: we have only a minute. where do they go with the vaccine rollout? >> i have gotten very far. there's still a second country, there are more than 149 million doses that have been given, china is averaging 3 million, 4 million a day. a very short space of time, it will overtake the u.s. they say they have capacity to deliver 10 million but some people are worried. it is about 3 million to 4 million. ros: an eu visit to turkey
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intended to show commitment to women's rights has become a story of three presidents, two chairs, and a sofa. this is in the turkish capital on tuesday. we have president of the european commission, ursula von der leyen on the right, president of the air pain council on the left, in the middle is the host, turkey's president. as they went inside to talk, this happened. there was one chair next to president erdogan, and shall michelle took it. ursula von der leyen sat on a nearby sofa. there has been detailed analysis of what she said in that moment. listen again. >> ahm. ros: politico reported that she made displeasure of an exclamation interpreted as a german ahm or an english erm and a wave of the hand. whether an ahm or erm, the message is clear and it was
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racking up millions of use. we have headlines like michelle on sofagate, not my fault. not everyone is convinced that is the case. one german journalist tweeted, and i've translated, when the boys sit down, it is in the buses armchair of course, and woman is just a sideline. this greek member of the european parliament asks, how much longer will the eu put up with the demeaning and insulting behavior of the turkish president? ciao michelle's reaction is puzzling. enough is enough. we are left wondering, was this turkey snubbing a woman? was this turkey making a point about women's rights at the ease expense? or did someone somewhere just make an honest mistake? to answer that, we have been dragged into a whirlpool of european union etiquette. it has been pointed out quite correctly that when donald hurst and jean-claude juncker were in those roles and met president erdogan, it was chairs all around and not a sofa insight. mr. younger has confirmed yes,
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there were times he ended up on a sofa. from a particle point of view, he says the president of the council is number one. in turkey's account suggests someone of the eu thought the same thing. >> in this meeting the request of the eu were met, and the proper protocol applied. ros: having spent four hours or more seeing the video going viral social media, shall we took to facebook to tell us the few photographs of that media which have been circulating have given the impression that i was indifferent to the situation. nothing could be further from the truth. he goes on. while realizing the regrettable nature of the situation, we decided not to make matters worse by creating a scene. but at the grave risk of over analing this clip, look at the pictures of slowed down. we see shao michelle making himself comfortable in his seat. we see ursula von der leyen
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gesturing in a way that sugsts it was not an entirely complete -- entirely collected. decision we been offered this explanation by her spokesperson. >> the president was clearly surprised. you can see that in the video. but allow me to clarify. however surprised she may have been, she chose to privatize substance over questions of form or protocol. ros: some argue the eu's protocol is the real issue. unlike every country in the world, unlike organizations like the u.n., nato, the day it -- the wto, the imf, the european union does not have one later. it effectively has two. for example, here are donald hurst and jean-claude juncker in 2018, flanking the group photo at g7 meeting in italy. everyone else has one representative. to make it more complicated while the president of the european council is more senior, the president of the commission often behaves closest to a traditional leader. all of which means that confusion becomes more likely.
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when a photo op is not shaping up as planned, there are different ways for politicians to handle that. at a nato summit, we saw one way to do it. then president donald trump took matters into his own hands and simply pushed montenegro's prime minister out-of-the-way so he could reach the front. it was a moment that warranted slow motion. ursula von der leyen is unlikely to start pushing anyone around. photo ops do matter. they are not just about managing the egos of leaders. they create perceptions. they sometimes offer clues about power, respect and relationships. for whatever reason, on a visit in part designed to show the eu's commitmento women's rights, this was the image the world saw, with the two men on their chairs in front of the flags, and ursula von der leyen on the sofa. you can find more analysis from me and the outside source team. in a lot of different places from the bbc. you can see it on bbc.com/news. if you look for one video, you
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will find others offer toou. there is the app. you can download that. you can hear audio versions of our analysis. just look for my name, the easiest way to find it. are lots of different ways across the bbc and you can find them on my twitter feed as well. just a quick reminder of our top story, president biden has put forward measures to stem what he is calling an epidemic of gun violence following a number of mass shootings recently. speaking at the white house, he said over 300 people were shot every day in the u.s. he is trying to put measures in place to stop that from happening. these are done with executive orders, not with congress. for further gun controls, he will need congress to get involved. that is a much harder prpect. thank you for watching. i will see you soon. bye-bye. ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation.
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by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. discover new favorites from pbs and locally produced shows from your station. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news".

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