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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 7, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this pation is made possible by e freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a visio we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new ssibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --ur
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your plans, oals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting fromashington, i'm jane o'brien. president trump says he will announce his decision on the iran deal tomorrow. britain's foreign secretary is in town pushing him to stay in the accord. mr. johnson: we think what you can do is be tougher on iran, address the concerns of the president, and not throw theby baut with the bathwater. jane: vladimir putin is sworn ir for a term, putting him on course to be the longest serving russian leader since. stalin and taking the fight beyond the bounds of earth -- could donald trump's space foe actually become a reality?
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. will he or won'he? president trump says tomorrow is the day he will announce his decision on the iran nuclear deal. his tweet comes as british foreign secretary borijohnson is in washington, the latest european official trying to convince the trump administration to stay in the accord. nick bryant starts our coveragei ck: on american television this morning, a double serving of boris at breakfast, the foreign secretary appearing onru donald t's favorite news show, "fox and friends," to address an audience of one. mr. johnson: we think what you can do is be tougher on iran, hrdress the concerns of the president, and not the baby out with the bathwater. nick: just in case the president has switched channels,
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he popd up on a rival network. mr. johnson: i understand people have anxietybout the deal, and of course they are right in the sense that it is far from perfect, but it is the best thing we have at the momt. nick: donald trump has called the iran deal a disaster and says he will announce his decision tomorrow. although the foreign secretary is not scheduled to shhands with the president before then, that has not stopped him from stroking his ego.f mr. johnson: can fix north 'orea and he can fix the iran nuclear deal, i dot see why he is any less of a candidate for the nobel peace prize than barack obama, who got it before he even did anything. nick: signed by iran and six world powers in 2015, it was the signature foreign policy achievement of barack obama's presidency, one that lifted crippling economic sanctions in
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return for limitations on the nuclear energy program. but donald trump thinks it is r too lenient on tehran. president trump: the iran deale was the worst and most one-sided transactions the united states has ever entered into. it is insane, it is ridiculous, it should never have been made. nick: but is there room for compromise, one in which america would withdraw from the deal without blowing it up,hich would allow european countries toontinue trading with ira while at the same time exerting more pressure on tehran over its ballistic missile technology and regional aggression? d states,ive the uni long live france. nick: boris johnson is not the first european to charm and cajole. french president emmanuel macron pleaded with mr. trump to accept the compromise. german chancellor angela merkel made the same case a few days later. from the foreign secretary,na
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a face-to-face plea to senior administration officials such as the new secretary ofe state, mmpeo, who said that the iran deal is built on lies. that view is shared by donald trump, and the final decision rests with him. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. jane: for more on what is at stake in tomorrow's decision, i was join a short time ago by robert malley, who served as special adviser to president oba and is now president of the international crisis group. doesn't sound as if he has doesup his mind -- it sound as if he has made up his mind. what do you think this means for the iran deal? >> i think he made up his mind a while ago. he seems determined to undo idprt obama's legacy and live up to his campaign commitments. i think he will walk away. what i your -- what does europe do? jane: we have seen a successionf
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uropean leaders over the last month or so. what is the best they can hono fo >> in terms of the u.s. decision, that the president decides not to decide, and the europeans have moved in my direction, i'm winning, i will give them more time to meet my demands. that seems increasingly unlikely. president macron was not able to convince him, the chancellor of germany was not, and now boris johnson did not get a meeting with president trump. he has made his decision and does ' want another five days' pressure. he could always surprise us, but there's little europeans can expect that is positive. jane: in fairness, president trump does have a point. this deal has had its critics from day o. couldn't it be strengthened? >> any deal where you don't get d behing you want co strengthened. i don't think that is a fair point. what could have happened in a different world is for president ke thiso say, "i don't deal, but let's keep it, implement it for a year or two, once both sides show they are
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implementing the deal in good faith, let's work on issues not concluded in the deal." ballistic missiles, iran's regional behavior from other issues. that is poulible. why woiran negotiate with somebody who tore up a deal that had just been signed? jane: if you had been tougher in the negotiations, would it be safer now? >> so hard to respond to that. i'm sure the iranians are thinking they should have been tougher in negotiations, too. the foreign minister told secretary of state kerry at every meeting we had, what guarantees to have thaenthe next pres will implement the deal? "he will, trust us, he will." this is the best deal we thought we could get. of course we could have done a little bit better, the iranians could have done a littt bit better, t's not forget, the goal of the deal was to ensure iran cannot develop a nuclear program. the goal of the deal was to prevent them acquiring a bomb that goal is succeeding. why tear it up?
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jane: if it is the end of video, -- the end of the deal, what does that look like? >> what my group, inteational cris organization, has been arguing is that there is a chance for europe to stop focusing on president trump. they will not change o is mine. -- they will not change his mind. focus on iran and try to convince them that they stand more to gain by maintaining good diplomatic and economities with europe and try to preserve whatever it can in terms of s.siness dealings despite the reimposition of anctions. stay in the deal, work with europe, rather than walk away, because if iran walks away, we are in a very, very difficult and dangerous situation. jane: thank you ry much indeed for joining me. >> thank you. now to russia, where vladimir putin has been sworn in for his fourth term as president. in a lavish ceremony at the kremlin, he promised to do all he could for russians and boost the country's economicmp itiveness. and in one of his first acts of the new term, mr. putin once again nominated dmitry medvedev
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asrime minister. moscow correspondent steve rosenberg reports. eeve: he probably could have walked this with hs closed. for the fourth time in his career, vladimir putin climbed the staircase of the grand kremlin palace to take the oath of office. on the stroke of midday, he entered the hall where russian emperors we crowned. the symbolism and the message couldn't be clearer -- putin the modern czar, loved by his people.he wore on the constitution to serve his citizens, protect his country, and made this pledge. president putin: our main goalty is a new quaf life, security, and health. our reference point is russia for the people, a country where everybody has the poibility for self-fulfillment.
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steve: vladimir putin is arguably the most powerfer russian leadince joseph stalin. but in this power lies a potential problem for the president and for his country. he has built a political system in which all other institutions from parliament to the court system are weak, and all key decisions are taken by him, putin. that is not only a huge responsibility, it begs the question, what will happen when vladimir putin exits the political stage? if he exits, according to the constitution, president putin must step down in six years' time. but already many russians predict he will try to stick around. >> he knows he cannot leave the kremlivoluntarily. he will be responsible for everything that he did and failed to do. steve: he is a prisoner. >>e is a prisoner of the system of presidential power in of the kremlinnd
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corridor's. steve: not everyone is celebrating six more years of vladimir pin. police broke up this anti-putin protest in moscow over the weekend. the kremlin is facing international pressure over the salisbury poisoning and the war in syria. meanwhile, western sanctions against russia are biting. russia feels it has been squeezed by the west, and at this moscow arm wrestling club, they tell me only putin has the political muscle to protect them. >> we don't have to substitute him. there is no rival to him. a steve: even ountry of 146 million people, there is no substitute for putin? >> yes. ha, it sounds not very good, but it's true. steve: that is precisely how eeadimir putin wants to be by his people, as the only
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choice for russia. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. jane: let's look at some oft days other news. road signs have been put up at the u.s. embassy injuries long after president trump recognized it asal the capf israel in december. it remains controversial and few other nations have followed america's lead. e secretary of state mmpeo said last week that the boundaries of sovereignty in jerusalem remain subject to negotiation. it was announced that president trump will not travel to israel next week for the opening of the pw embassy. a ceremony has taklace in manila marking the beginning of joint philippine-u.s. military exercises. drill involving a dozen soldiers from were planned before reports of chinese missile installations in t south china sea. beijing is reported to have --talled and tight defense
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and tired offense. lebanese supporters of hezbollan have b celebrating after the country's first general election in nine years. unofficial results suggest that hezbollah and its political allies have won more than half the seats. the israeli government minister says it is proof that the state ofeebanon is indistinguisha from the iranian-backed militants. the white house is standing behind its pick to lead the cia. gina haspel was on capitol hill meeting with lawmakers aheadtif her confir hearing on wednesday. she was reportedly ready to pull out last week over concerns that the questioning would focus on her role in the agency'sog interrogation m. earlier, my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spo to , alter ofchael hayde "the assault one, intellige for their program "beyond 100 days." katty: do you think that gina haspel is the right woman for this job? h absolutely,
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on several levels. i went to the agency -- i was part of the murder board where you prepare the nominee for the confirmation hearings. gina was as i remember her, calm , collected, thoughtful, fact-based in all of the responses. katty:hat she is concerned about is all of the stories about her involvement with black tes -- gen. hayden: we will relitigate something we have litigated multiple times. the way i look at it, kathy, you want to relitigate that, don't talk to the foot soldiers. s of thepresidents, he agency, attorney generals, members of congress who were all for this back in t day when we were all frightened and the future was uncertain. to me, i think gina's past is perfectly acceptable. i'm worried about the present and the future. i want someone like gina haspelo in thewith this president, because she will be ruthlessly cand. christian: are you concerned, though, general hayden, that when she goes to congress on wednesday and they start talking
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about black sites, the ops operation she ran in thailand, this going to be messy for the cia and the agency as well? gen. hayden: it wi, and it will be messy for her personally. christian, i view that as another reason to appreciate his woman willing to dthis. she knows what she will have to go through. her only victory, her only outcome is that she has the opportunity for further servicen really difficult job. christian: let's talk about your book, because we did not give it the full title. "the assault on intelligence: americanational security in the age of lies." i am paraphrasomg a sentence he book -- "the traditions and institutions tha protect americe inherently fragile and require careful tending. they are under seriollenge in the united states today." that is quite a statement. gen. hayden: yeah, but i think it's true. t this as a three layer cake. layer one is not the president
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or the administration. layer one is us, a badly actured society, described by prettyma people as a post-truth culture, society that factsdecisions less on and data and more on emotion, preference, tribalism,lo lties, and grievance. the second layer is the president, who campaigned on that, took advantage of that, and i think makes it worse by some of what he does and a lot of what he says.ye the third the russians coming over the top and manipulating that mess, driving home divisions inside american esciety. christian: if it cown ultimately to truth, does it matter that we cannot trust what the president says? ayden: it matters a grea deal. here it is less about accusing the president of lies, although he says calcated untruths with remarkable frequency.
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we have had presidents who have lied, we have had residents who gued about intelligence. what i see here different, a president whose decision-making is not anchored in an objective view of reality, a president who makes decisions based on intuition and a priori s rrative about how things work, not data-based in igins. jane: former cia d nsa director michael hayden speaking to my colleagues aittle bit earlier. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, melania trump steps into the spotlight, outlining the caus she will champion as first lady. more than 20 homes have been destroyed and hundreds more are threat after a volcaai erupted in h
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1700 people have been evacuated as a result of the activity. pome people have been allowed to return, but only trily. james cook has this report. fountains of lava bursting from one of the world's most active for canada's. -- active volcanoes. kilaueag has been a rubb constantly for more than 30's, but not like this. unfolding in slow motion, gobbling up the ground in a residential area. since thursday, lava has been spewing forth from a more than 10 fissures in the earth. no one knows wherehe next rupture will emerge. hundreds of homes threatened, hundreds of people forced to fl. you cano down thel, h
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see the avenue dsn't exist anymore. there is a black lava thing, and everything is all gone. jon: at o -- lahava burst oint more100 feet into the air. even experts say that predicting phimbingior of a magma system extends 40 miles beneath the earth is practically impossible. they are particularly concerned about gas storage industry of thermal plant near one of the ures, and sulfur dioxide in the air, which can prove deadly. this couldo on for months, but there's nothing anyone can do .bout it except to gaze in awe james cook, bbc news.
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jane: nancy reagan had the "juso saanti-drug campaign, michelle obama helped combat childhood obesity with "let's move," and today melania trump launched her own signature initiative. she is calling it the "be best" campaign, aimed at ing children's social, emotional, and physical health. for more on this, rajini vaidyanathan joins me now. be best -- what does that mean? rajini: it is all part of her campaign to promote wellness on children. she is focusing on children, but it is quite wide-ranging. th are highlighted three main areas. the first is well-beg of children -- that includes health welfare.l another is working on opioidan abusthe effect that has on young children. last one is social-media abuse.
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perhaps the last one is the most interesting, because there has been some criticism that the first lady is ulking on cybeing when many say that her husband, president trump, is not exactly kind to people on social media outlets. she has been criticized about this in the past. nonetheless, she is taking these on as her causes. jane: and establishing her individual stamp, which is quite a tradition for first ladies. rajini: it is, and the role of the first lady hasvolved from the days of jackie kennedy, whose cause was to open up the howhite to the public and introduce tours and make it a more livable place, to recent years where policy has driven the causes. we are talking about people like rst lady barbara bush and over bush, laura bush after her, who focused on lureracy and ening reading in children. and then you had nancy reahen,
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focused onar on drugs, very much in step with her husband's policies at the time. someone like hillary clinton was sitting on her husband's health care panel and try to push through legislation, which she trieand failed. war recently, michelle obama and more recentlye -- come michelle obama and her "let's move" campaign. tsoe more of a backseat. it will be interesting to see which way melania trump goes. t i susp will be more of a backseat role. taken so los it for her to establish her own voice and as you say, take this back seat? rajini: she was in new york for the first six month id the trump prcy. with a lot of as things come this presidency is very different. she is married to someone who has not held quick office before. some of the names i mentioned -- laura bush, barbara bush, hillary clinton, ttoy were marrie governors. michelle obama married u.s. senator.
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melania trump has not had to do that this is all very new to her, even in terms of having people tell her what to do. ee has a much smaller team of consultants in tt wing. it is kind of a new experience for her, and i think that is w they are coming at this with a bit more caution. but there is no doubt about it, the lunch in the rose gardene means her prof going to go up. jane: and everyone thinks she did pretty well with the state visit with emmanuel macron. thank you very much indeed. now to the space force. it may sound like a summer blockbuster, but instead it is sometimes of the u.s.w branchw military dedicated to fighting in outer space. it has been getting a lot of attention recently, so we have been finding out whethto become reality. president trump: the space force -- does at make sense? the space force. we may en have a space force. >> president trump has mentioned the space force a couple times,
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and what he is alluding to is an ongoing debate in ngress on creating a separatmilitary service that focuses on military space capabilities. is adent trump: spa war-fighting domain, just like the land, air, and sea. >> the u.s. has become increasingly reliant on space capabilities for military operations across the whole spectrum of conflict, fromng figherrorists in iraq and syria and afghanistan. president trump: we need to protect the american people, and security is going to be a very big factor with respect to space. >> in 2001, there was a special ssmmission created by cong and the final report of that commission recommended eventually transitioning to an independent military service for space. war fighting in space is not like "star wars."
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it is not space marines, there are nose military rvice members fighting in space. all of these are unmanned satellites that the military uses. president trump: we have the a force and we will have the space force. the army, the navy. >> [laughter] there are a lot of things avesident trump has said that other presidentsnot said before. but the u.s. military is critically dependent on space capabilities, and it is something we have to take seriously. ident trump: some point in the future we will look back and say how did we do it without space? >> it would take several years , even if the decision were made today, first of all for congress to decide what to do. i think it will take five years, maybe moreike 10 years, to transition to a new military service for space. president trump: we e getting very big in space. jane:he you go, and i'm sure darth vader is out there somewhere. you can find much more on all
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the day's news on our website, haand we wil full coverage tomorrow and president trump's decision on the iran nuclear deal. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to urrk around your lifestyle, so you can swipe yoay to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the frman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we haven desied our modern approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financia >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening, i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is on vacation. on the newshour tonight, rudy giuliani says president trump could defy the mueller igation while trying to set the record straight after a whirlwind first week. then, undermining the deal-- an israeli firm to dig up dirt on the obama administration's iran deal negotiations. and, stumbling toward peace-- nearly 20 years after wartime atrocities in kosovo, reconciliation remns a fragile process. >> maybe the only solution is that the young people from kosovo to get together and first hetalk that i think it's tnly thing that we don't do that ten. >> nawaz: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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