tv CBS News Sunday Morning CBS June 19, 2022 7:00am-8:30am PDT
captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, committed to improving health for everyone, everywhere. ♪♪ [trumpet] ♪♪ >> pauley: good morning. and happy father's day! i'm jane pauley, and this is "sunday morning." health care workers were hailed as heros during the early days of the covid pandemic. who can forget the music and the applause from rooftops and windows as they head home after another exhausting shift at yet
another hospital overrun with the desperately ill? two and a half years later, the pandemic is far from over, though it does appear the worst is behind us. and those men and women on the front lines, lesley stahl reminds us, are still on the front lines. >> reporter: this was new york in the spring of 2020. but inside one of the city's premier hospitals an even more apocalyptic scene. were you scared? >> we were terrified we wouldn't be able to care for this surge of patients coming in. every day was terrifying. >> reporter: covid combat ahead on "sunday morning." >> pauley: dance legend mikhail baryshnikov is still on stage at age 74. but he has other matters on his mind in conversation with anthony mason this morning, memories of a russia he left a
long time ago. >> reporter: it has been nearly 50 years since mikhail baryshnikov famously defected from the soviet union. does it seem like a long time ago? >> no. it has been very fast. >> reporter: now, as he stars in a new adaptation of a russian classic, "the cherry orchard," he has become harshly critical of his former home land. how has it been for you to watch what is happening in ukraine? >> horrific. >> reporter: mikhail baryshnikov, later on "sunday morning." >> pauley: jim croce left behind a remarkable number of hits before his untimely death in a 1973 plane crash. on this father's day weekend, jim axelrod talks with croce's son, a.j., about loss and coming to terms with his father's legacy. ♪ if i could save time in a bottle ♪
>> reporter: when jim croce died, he left behind a string of hits. and his son, just about to turn two. do you have memories of your dad? >> i have this memory of the warmth of his embrace. >> reporter: but now this son says it time to embrace his father's music. croce plays croce coming up ob n "sunday morning." >> pauley: he is the viral sensation who is finally coming out of his shell. david pogue will introduce us to marcel the shell. >> my one regret in life is i will never have a dog. >> reporter: marcel the shell began life as a youtube viral sensation. >> he is a guy in a place. he holds himself with a relaxed, easy dignity, that is not over blown. >> reporter: and now marcel the shell is a movie. >> coming up on "sunday
morning," you're going to talk to the people that made the movie about me. i'm marcel the shell. >> pauley: on this sunday morning of juneteenth, mark whitaker takes us on a very personal journey. john blackstone reports from san francisco and tells us there is trouble in paradise. luke burbank visits a portland sports bar wherever night is ladies' night. plus robert krulwich on the fossils behind our fuels. a story from steve hartman. and more on this "sunday morning" for the 19th of june, 2022. and we'll be back after this.
mark whitaker. >> reporter: juneteenth celebrations have already started this weekend in g galveston, texas. the city where the holiday has its roots. it was 157 years ago today, on june 19, 1865, when gordon granger read that all slaves are free. this involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves. but it didn't happen until two years after president lincoln signed the emancipation proclamation. this is the grave site of my great grandfather, frank whitaker, who was born enslaved in texas in 1853. my great grandfather was 11 when he was freed on juneteenth.
frank whitaker is buried alongside his wife, della, and one of his daughter, julia, who died when he was just one-year-old. the tomb stones are kept in an all-black ceremony, just outside the town of jewett, half way between houston and dallas. an hour away in waco, i met my second cousin, bernice bryant for the first time. it is only recently i have become aware of this part of the family. >> we, too. >> reporter: frank whitaker was also bryant's great grandfather, and she actually met him as a child, when he was in his 80s and had lost his sight. >> reporter: do you know frank whitaker? >> i have seen him one time. he was blind and he got very upset. and he cried. >> reporter: he cried? >> because he was blind and he
couldn't see us. >> reporter: i sat down with bernese, her daughter, angela tyler, and her son, john bible. for earlier generations, juneteenth didn't really change things all of that much. >> you had slaved that were free but really had nowhere to go. they didn't leave with a mule or land or anything like that. >> they remained share cropping. they waited for years. >> reporter: they couldn't buy their land or own their land. >> uh-huh. >> reporter: my great grandfather stayed close to the land, but he was able to get some education. in the decades after juneteenth, frank whitaker became a share cropper on this white-owned land outside of jewett. most of his 13 children never left this area. but my grandfather, cecil sylvester, migrated to pittsburgh and became an undertaker. before he died, he left this remembrance. my father, an ex-slave, was
really highly respected by all who knew him. he became a fine historian. anyone who wanted to know anything about the history of leon county would go to my father. he wrote many articles for the jewett messenger, the jewish newspaper. many texas descendents of frank whitaker picked crops. you were all working as children with your parents. >> yes. >> reporter: you were picking cotton? >> yes. pick cotton, chop cotton. >> reporter: back then, juneteenth was just another day in the fields. >> we couldn't take a day off. no, no, no. >> and then we would get something good to eat, and then we would eat and go back to the fields. >> reporter: go back to the feeds on juneteenth. now juneteenth has spread from texas into a national holiday, and my newfound relatives have come a long way, too. angela is the director of a
daycare center, where bernice also works. and john is the president and c.e.o. of the centex african-american chamber of commerce, which boosts black businesses. he helps organize the juneteenth celebration. what should juneteenth stand for? >> i think it should be a time when you look back and see where we came from, and then celebrate where we are now, where we are trying to arrive. >> it being a federal holiday allows everyone to understand there is a second independence day, a true independence day in america, where everyone, you know, has a right to opportunity and freedoms. that's truly an independence day. it's not only just for black people. but it's for america. >> we thank you for our new family that we have found. >> reporter: juneteenth is surely about freedom, but for me this year, it is also about
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stranger to emergencies. >> if the organs are failing and you need to be placed on life support, you come to us. >> reporter: how much death do you actually see? >> a lot. a lot. >> reporter: but in march of 2020, she saw more deaths than she ever saw possible. [sirens] >> reporter: as covid stormed through new york presbyterian's five south. >> we heard about hospitals crumbling in milan. and we heard from colleagues there that there were patients literally dying on the floor of the hallways with no oxygen. so we had that for a fire in our belly, but that was not how it was going to be here. >> reporter: but by april, it was a war zone, with constant incoming. the number of covid patients soared, i.c.u. beds more than doubled. >> to have hundreds and hundreds of patients with the same disease on maximum life support -- i remember walking floor to floor to floor --
>> reporter: you were part of the small group that turned the whole hospital -- >> essentially into i.c.u.s. >> reporter: wow. that's breathtaking. >> what they saw in that hospital was so disturbing to them, some of them still haven't gotten over it two years later. >> reporter: journalist marie brenner's new book, "the dissipate hours," describe new york's early battle against the covid pandemic. there were no vaccines, no antivirals. doctors were confronting the utterly unknown. >> when doctors of any caliber, but of this level of expertise, are confounded by a medical mystery, they are both enthralled, they are in full adrenalin, but on some level, they're also terrified. >> reporter: and overwhelmed. >> i worked probably two months without a day off. >> reporter: and then you go
home at night, do you actually sleep? can you sleep? >> no. definitely not. when it is quiet is when all of those feelings and memories of the patients or the colleague who was in tears, that's when that all comes back. i barely slept. >> reporter: yet she still helped her two young boys with their homework over face time, while struggling to run an emergency room short of masks and everything else. she said if they had crumbled, the damage to the nation and the world would have been many times worse than what we did experience. right before you were intubated, what did you say to your husband? >> i love you. i said, you are now my proxy, so you have to stand in for me and make the decisions because i'm not going to be able to make them for myself. >> reporter: karen bacon knew she might die. she was not just another five
south covid patient. ld cornell pediatric nurse; she was the first health care worker there treated for the virus. >> it was a wake-up call for them. they were saying, oh, my gosh, i could get this. >> she was sick and it was very upsetting, of course, for our staff to see one of our own in the bed. >> reporter: just 30 years old and a newlywed, bacon went from a cold in february to a ventilator in march. >> i think the hard part was going to sleep and then finding out it is two and a half, three weeks later. >> reporter: was it a coma? >> basically a medical-induced coma. >> reporter: like bacon, every single cornell patient at the height of april was intubated. all the while, there was a ventilator shortage. >> i have colleagues who, to this day, still i know talk about and think about decisions
they made, who got the first ventilator, who got the first i.c.u. bed. >> reporter: was there guidance from the leadership of the hospital? >> we were told they were waiting for guidance from the governor. so meanwhile, my colleagues and i are, you know, making decisions with our best medical judgment in mind. however, you know, when someone with covid died, which was every single day, of course then you think, what if they had gotten the third i.c.u. bed and not the fifth i.c.u. bed. >> in early 2020, i personally believed that we were all going to die. >> reporter: and without the proper tools to confront this mystery illness, dr. ben gary harvey a critical care specialist, knew the only answer was innovation. he started with covid patient susie bebe. >> she was on a ventilator for four months.
she was a woman in her early 50s -- >> reporter: you can be on a ventilator that long? >> she was a death story. she had huge holes in her lungs. >> reporter: the doctor had an idea, implanting a zephyr valve. it works by stopping leaks in damaged lungs. but it had never been used at the hospital on a covid patient, and many there rejected the undertaking as too risky. still, it worked. >> it just gives me the satisfaction that we can become creative, that we can continue moving forward exploring new avenues. >> and he said, if you stay in your lane when you're confronting this level of medical mystery, you're not going to solve it. >> i figured that if i found a leak on susie, i could close some of these valves to prevent air from going into that part of the lung.
>> reporter: there is the operative word there, "if." >> well, what is the alternative? >> she would not have survived. >> i don't think so. >> reporter: is she okay now? >> she is amazing. >> she was able, with help, to be at her son's wedding with her medical attendant, to walk down the aisle with people holding her. >> reporter: with so much death, victories were joyous celebrations. what was it like the day you left the hospital? >> they had everyone at the nurses' station, they put a crown on my head. they gave me the greatest sendoff. [applause and cheers] >> reporter: we're sitting here talking as if this thing is behind us. is it? >> absolutely not. >> no. >> no. >> but it is enormously inspiring to know that in the
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not the only ones who think lesley stahl is a great story-teller. david pogue introduces us to one of her biggest and smallest fans. >> reporter: there are plenty of big movies this summer. but the highest-rated one of all is very, very small. >> my name is marcel -- >> reporter: the main character is no bigger than a quarter. >> i also have shoes. >> he has this sort of grand dignity, but he is so tiny. >> what i -- i used to have a sister. >> i think there is a lot of humor in watching something be the wrong size. >> reporter: comedian, actor, and author jenny slate has voiced many of characters, but she considers marcel the shell her finest creation. >> guess what i do for
adventure? i hang glide on a dorito. i use a pen that takes the whole family. >> reporter: slate had never produced that distinctive voice until one night in 2010. to save money attending a wedding, she was sharing one hotel room with five friends. >> it was so crowded in there, and i just felt tiny. and all of a sudden i just started saying, like, i can hardly move. i can't move around. >> reporter: her boyfriend, filmmaker d dean fleischer camp loved the new voice and decided to feature it in a short video. >> i wanted to make the animated short, which was something i hadn't experimented with before. >> he went to a toy store and art supply store and got a bunch of googley eyes and got the shell. >> reporter: it was a huge hit. >> one time i nibbled on a piece
of cheese and my cholesterol went up to 900. >> reporter: in the next two years, the couple made two more marcel videos, racking up 48 million views and counting, published two books and got married. >> ooh, baby, baby! (laughter. >> i've seen people kiss on television. >> reporter: inevitably, hollywood came calling. >> some even recommended with pair him with ryan reynolds and they fight crime together. which is not a movie i wouldn't see. >> reporter: finally camp and slate found backers who would give them full control. but to film 90 minutes, they would have to expand marcel range and introduce new characters. did anyone say, whoa, whoa, that is tugging what made the short special too much? >> i think part of that is
always gut checking ourselves against the original, and making sure does it still have that electricity that was so great about the short. >> reporter: one of the new characters is the grandmother, played by isabella rossellini. in the movie, they watch "60 minutes" together every sunday morning. >> we love it. we just call it "the shell." >> she likes lesley stahl. she blows cases wide open. >> this movie has elevated me in the eyes of my grandchildren. >> nana, make the noise. >> reporter: they have seen me on "60 minutes," and i'm nothing. but with marcel. this is huge in my family. >> reporter: fortunately for the filmmakers, the real lesley stahl agreed to take the role. >> they wanted me to play it 100% straight, so they hired a "60 minutes" crew, a "60 minutes" producer came along to produce the segment, and i think it does look like a "60 minutes"
story when you see it. marcel, a one-inch tall shell, reminds us of the true value of community. >> reporter: does it make you inclined to look fondly upon the next movie proposal that comes your way? >> well, letre let me say this:m available. >> reporter: and dean camp is in the movie, too, as the off-screen voice of a filmmaker -- well, mostly off-screen. >> do you have any plans today? >> no. i'm playing a version of myself that doesn't exist anymore. >> reporter: the movie wound up taking seven years to make because the filmmakers had to make it four times. first as a complete audio soundtrack. >> you're making me blush. >> reporter: the second version added the story boards. >> you're making me blush.
[laughter] >> reporter: for the third one, they filmed the empty backgrounds for the entire movie without marcel. >> you're making me blush. >> reporter: finally the teen animated the tiny marcel puppet one frame at a time, and added him into the black ground. >> you're making me blush. >> reporter: in the end, the marriage of marcel's creators didn't survive, but their collaboration opens in theaters on friday, a movie about a bald, armless, one-eyed shell on a quest to find his family. >> do you think they could be out there? >> reporter: if that movie works at all, it is crazy? >> increa of course it is a hugk to take. >> reporter: and yet -- >> it makes people feel like i'm a little guy with feelings, wanting to be loved for your own dear smallness in this gigantic,
weird, cosmic scream that we're in. it's so fun. two things coming together like a force of nature, like it was really meant to be, y'know? yes, yes, i do. and i'm so glad you wanna save money. rodney, set up a bundle for jon hamm. mm! of course! jon, is it still cool if i catch a ride home with you? i never said it was. but technically you didn't say it wasn't. it's not. yet.
♪ operator, could you help me place this call ♪ >> announcer: it's "sunday morning" on cbs, and here again is jane pauley. >> pauley: on this day set aside to honor our fathers, jim axelrod has the story of a son's love for his famous dad, be the music they share with all of us. ♪♪ ♪ down the road ♪ ♪ when this is past ♪ ♪ you see me and you just smile ♪ >> reporter: the singer's life reads like a blues song. ♪♪ >> reporter: a catalog of loves. >> man, it has been a wild ride, i'll tell you. >> reporter: a.j. croce lost his father before he turned two. his sight when he was four. and later his home to fire and
his wife to a rare heart condition. >> when we lose someone we love, whether it is my father, my wife, my sight, we can decide how we want to bring it into our life. do we want to dwell on it? do we want to find the best part of that person, that experience? and keep it with us. ♪♪ [applause and cheers] >> repr:st has wrestled with for decades. now at 50, he has an answer he is sharing on stages across the country. ♪ operator, could you help me make this call ♪ [applause and cheers] >> reporter: if the songs sound familiar, so might the name: croce. ♪ with my best old ex-friend
ray ♪ >> reporter: as in jim. the early 1970s si singer/song writer balladeer. ♪ every time i try to tell you, the words just came out wrong ♪ >> reporter: "i'll have to say i love you in a song." ♪ i'll have to say i love you in a song ♪ >> reporter: and "bad, bad, leroy brown," which topped the charts in 1973. ♪♪ >> reporter: two months before he died in a plane crash after a concert in natchitoches, louisiana. do you have memories of your dad? >> i have this memory of the warmth of embrace. and while it is not visual for me, it's palpable. >> reporter: and powerful? >> very, very.
>> reporter: nowhere more powerful than at this farmhouse outside of philadelphia, where a.j. lived with his parents as his father's career was taking off. where album covers were inspired by farm buildings. >> it was originally used for pigs. >> reporter: this was? >> yeah. and then it was for chickens. no♪♪ >> reporter: and where jim croce wrote his biggest hits. ♪ you don't pull a mask on a lone ranger and you don't mess around with jim ♪ >> don't mess around with jim, and leroy brown, all of that stuff. >> reporter: but the security his father's success seemed to promise was also lost on a september night in 1973. >> it was a very dark and violent period in my life. >> reporter: his father gone, his mother, ingrid, got involved
with a man who brutally beat a.j., leaving him blind. >> during that time, i sat at the piano and played along to the radio, whatever was on my little transistor radio, whether it was mccartney or the stones or elton john. >> reporter: there was only one man's music he wouldn't touch. ♪♪ ♪ i got a name ♪ ♪ i got a name ♪ >> there were times when maybe as a teenager where it was a little bit hard to get around the shadow of my father. people had asked me to record my father's music since was 16, 17 years old, and i really was not interested. >> reporter: during the next 35 years, he would regain partial sight, play the piano with everyone from ray charles to willie nelson, and develop
his own reputation as a songwriter. ♪♪ ♪ i come ♪ >> reporter: if he hadn't found a way to fully escape the shadow, he figured out how to live adjacent to it. having your own success on your own terms was meaningful -- >> absolutely. >> reporter: and you didn't have anything to prove to anyone, so maybe it was a little easier to embrace your father's stuff. >> it was a lot easier. ♪ downtown chicago ♪ >> reporter: which is how this singer finally got to this stage where croce now plays croce. >> then i realized that he is a part of my life, and i'm a part of his legacy. and i felt it was important, at a certain age and at a certain maturity, to embrace it. >> reporter: it was time? >> yeah. simple.
♪ rapid roy, that cowboy ♪ >> reporter: so now, nearly 50 years later, a.j. croce is exploring his connection to a father he barely got to know. >> most people, if they're lucky, they have a photograph. i feel fortunate there is a lot more than that. >> reporter: and so do his audiences. just about ever lover of jim croce's music has one song they connect with most tightly. a.j. is no different, though his reasons certainly are. when you're performing, is there any song of your dad's that has more meaning than another? >> yeah. certainly "time in a bottle" does. ♪ if i could save time in a bottle ♪ ♪ the first thing that i'd like to do ♪ >> it is incredibly emotional. >> reporter: why? >> well, because, you know, it's written for me. and it sums up this emotion that
he felt for my mother and for myself. ♪ if i could make days last forever ♪ ♪ if words could make wishes come true ♪ >> i feel all kinds of things. i feel joy, the sense of thoughtfulness. >> reporter: i'm sure you'll process this loss the rest of your life. >> we all do, yes. >> reporter: does playing his music help you process the loss? >> if it is not the cure, it's a really good remedy. ♪ i looked around enough to know you're the one i want to go through time with ♪ poosh ♪♪ to be...unstoppable.
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>> pauley: time now for an early happy hour, compliments of luke burbank. cheers! [yelling] >> reporter: it looked for all the world like an actual sporting event was taking plagues on a recent friday here in portland, oregon. there were cheerleaders, news cameras, they even cut down a net. >> three, two, one! >> reporter: but, in fact, all of this was to celebrate the opening of a sports bar. jamie orr was first in line. >> it feels like a very monumental day, not just in portland but for women's sports. >> reporter: that's because this isn't just any sports bar. it is the first one in america that exclusively shows women's
sports on all of its tvs. if you're mostly a fan of men's sports, it would not occur to you that a bar may not be showing a championship game or may have the sound turned off. that's exactly what happened in 2019, when jenny and her friends wanted to watch baylor versus notre dame. the game was one for the ages. >> it ended up being a spectacular game. >> on the drive for the lead... >> reporter: but the audio feed was non-existent, at least in the bar where she and her friends were watching. >> somebody was, like, yeah, it would have been better if the sound were on. >> reporter: so she had a thought, the kind of thought you might have after a couple of beers but never follow up on? >> the only way we could ever watch a women's game in its full glory if we had our own place.
>> reporter: she and her friends still had a name about this still mythical bar she fantasized about opening one day. >> the sports bra. i know what the tag line is going to be: we support women. it was a big joke. >> reporter: but that joke got serious after the #metoo movement and the pandemic had her looking for a way to make an impact on the culture in whatever way she could. >> you know, the whole country was going through a phase of reprioritizing what was important. >> reporter: h h however, jennys mom, who she was working for, was dubious. >> i yelled at her and i said, this is not good. with the covid and labor shortage, it is not going to work. but she told me, she said, mom, you cannot stop me. i am doing it. >> reporter: and so she did, raising over $100,000 on
kickstarter. along the way, she and the bar became something of a media sensation. >> the only one of its kind in the world. >> reporter: but the most challenging part of running the sports bra might actually be finding enough televised women's sports to keep the tvs busy. >> only 4% of all sports on tv are women's sports. when you have that kind of a discrepancy, there is going to be issues. >> reporter: but changing that might be part of her plan. in the 50 years since the landmark title 9 legislation, millions of girls gained access to athletics. so it is not that women aren't playing sports; it is that the networks tend not to broadcast them. >> i'm asking a lot of networks, streaming services and all of these things, questions that they've never encountered before. so a lot of it is almost like taking your machete and cutting through the brush. it is hard and it is a slog.
>> pauley: steve hartman this morning has a history of a high school graduate's dream come true. >> mike and tracy always believed that time heals all wounds, but that belief faded last fall when their 18-year-old son, jake, was paralyzed in a hockey game. >> i don't know how time is going to take care of this because he couldn't cut a piece of steak, couldn't sit up, capcouldn't put shoes on. >> his goal was always to play college hockey, and his parent couldn't imagine how long it would take him to find new
purpose. jake had just found out he would likely never walk again when his high school principal came to visit him in the hospital here. and whether jake got caught up in the moment or was simply in denial, he made a bold prediction that day -- >> i don't remember much, but i vividly remember saying i will walk at graduation. >> reporter: what was that based on? >> i don't know. i just said it, i'm going to walk at graduation. >> reporter: todd blant is head of school at the academy outside of boston. >> at a moment like that, you want to be encouraging, but you don't want to ensure something that might not happen. >> reporter: so he simply said, that's wonderful, jake.>>. if i set something, i'm going to do what it takes to get to it. >> reporter: from that day on, jake emerged himself in therapy, doing way more than was asked of him, in the slim hope one day he could do that walk under his own
power. >> jake thibeault. >> i was kind of in the zone. you can do it. >> reporter: nine months work for 30 steps. >> be then you look up, and he just had this huge smile on his face. one of the most special moment i've ever experienced. >> it motivates me to go harder than ever to beat this. >> reporter: that goal: to walk without support, and soon. because time may heal all wounds, jake thibeault isn't waiting. managers. (other money manager) different how? aren't we all just looking for the hottest stocks? (fisher investments) nope. we use diversified strategies to position our client's portfolios for their long-term goals. (other money manager) but you still sell investments that generate high commissions for you, right? (fisher investments) no, we don't sell commission products. we're a fiduciary, obligated to act in our client's best interest. (other money manager) so when do you make more money,
♪♪ >> pauley: mikhail baryshnikov, a dance legend, if ever there was one, has lived a life in the spot life on stage and off. he is in conversation with anthony mason. >> reporter: in a new adaptation of the cherry orchard, at the baryshnikov art center in new york, the namesake is playing an old servant. >> and the cherry blossoms are all in bloom. >> i'm almost 75 and i'm playing 85 years old, okay. [laughter] >> reporter: the white hair is for his character named fierce.
>> it is bleached, you know. not mine yet. [laughter] >> reporter: one of the world's most acclaimed dancers, mikhail baryshnikov has worked only occasionally as an actor, most notably an oscar-nominated performance in the 1977 film "the turning point." >> are you going to be all right? >> don't worry about him. he'll be all right. >> you know, i think it is definitely all right. >> then a quarter pounder with cheese. >> reporter: andng ter carrie bradshaw's russian boyfriend on sex and the city. but he learned from some of the best. >> james cagney, he was a good friend of mine. i said, james, how do you play it? and he said look at the style, and then tell the truth. and if you're not dumb, you
observe. [laughter] >> he had some sort of a light, some sort of a presence, that is extremely neat. >> reporter: what was that like as a director? >> there is no way to control him. >> reporter: igor golyak is directing the soviet-born actor in this russian classic. bbaryshnikov has another role in the virtual production. in the play, the matriarch of a family faces financial troubles and has to face selling their beloved orchard. >> if the estate is sold -- >> it doesn't matter. i must look them straight in the eye. >> the orchard, in the bigger sense of the word, they say that is the orchard. it is relatable. there is a complete loss of
russia right now. >> reporter: as he waws was planning the production, russia was invading ukraine. his family left for boston in 1990, when he was just 11. >> when the war started, something in my stomach started twisting and it just hurts. for you to watch what isbee happening in ukraine? >> horrific. >> reporter: baryshnikov made headlines around the world when he defected from the soviet union in 1974. does it seem a long time ago? >> no. it has gone very fast, unfortunately. >> reporter: you never wanted to go back to russia? >> somehow maybe instinctively i knew that one day something like that would happen. >> reporter: in his soviet years, as a principle dancer with the kirov ballet, he was
privileged to travel, but he was watched. you were usually followed by k.g.b. agent when you left? >> yes. but there were a couple of guys that you knew them by their names, and sometimes you have coffee with them, you know? it was, like, okay. we had the nicknames for them, you know. [laughter] >> reporter: it wasn't that intimidating? >> no. of course they have, you know, many different faces. >> reporter: but in 1974, while touring with the bolshoi ballet in toronto, baryshnikov slipped away. >> where is mr. mr. baryshnikov now? >> he is in canada. >> reporter: days after his defection, he appeared at a dance studio in canada. >> he wouldn't discuss his defection today and he wouldn't attend a news conference after
his short exhibition. >> reporter: you tried not to be political over the years? >> uh-huh. >> reporter: but you made a point now, with what is happening in ukraine, to say something? >> i couldn't stay silent this time. i was born in the soviet at that time, soviet latvia, in a family of military officers. >> reporter: his father, a soviet colonel, was a stalinist. it was his mother who introduced him to the arts in riga, the latvia capital. >> at the age of six or seven, the first time my mother took me to ballet, and the orchestra was playing in this beautiful theater, and it got me -- it got me. >> reporter: in 2017, baryshnikov was given latvian citizenship. >> it means something because my mother is buried there. so back to your question about why now, the idea that i would
say russian tanks would go again to baltics -- >> reporter: you're afraid for latvia? >> i'm afraid for all that part of the world because i am part of it. >> reporter: recently he co-founded the charity "true russia" to raise money for ukrainian refugees. when russia banned its website earlier this month, baryshnikov addressed an open letter to president putin. "your russian world, the world of fear, will not live on as long as there are people like us." what do you think when putin said russians who support the west are scum and traders? >> this is disgusting. >> reporter: do you think of his as russia's war or putin's war? >> it is putin's war. he is trying to create new history with russia. he does not care about people at
all. although how it is possible, because he has a kid himself, how it is possible. >> reporter: russians who speak out against him have a way of disappearing. >> listen, i'll be 75 years old. what do i have to lose. >> my old master, that would be your grandfather. >> reporter: as he performs in "the orchard," mikhail baryshnikov says the role of the arts to inspire and engage. >> it is an oxygen. >> reporter: and his most important job is here at the arts center that bears his name. why is it the most important job? >> it is a social service. i'v been honored to make my home in new york. i love this country, all this craziness, but there is nothing better than to be a free man, living with your family in a
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>> pauley: you start the car, switch on the lights, simple acts with costly consequences. our colleague, robert krulwich, is back this morning to take us on an animated journey back in time. >> imagine a house, a normal house, with the usual appliances, dishwashers, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners and an electricity bill that comes every month. we're going to make this a kentucky home, because they get their energy from coal. let's go back and meet the fossils who died to light up this house. well, we're going to have to go way, way back to the
carboniferous period, 300 million years ago, and this here is a typical forest from that time. and this is a typical tree, called aepidodendron, a it sprouted up, as plants do, soaking in sunshine, absorbing carbon from the air so they could grow and grow and grow, and then, of course, they died, to be replaced by another set of lepidodendron that grew and died and another that grew and died, and so after millions and millions of years, the layers of all these dead plants pressed down one on top of the other, concentrating all of that carbon and sunshine into a hard, black rock that we call coal. so just for the fun of it, let's say our house here in kentucky uses roughly a thousand kilowatt hours of coal-powered electricity in a month, that's
about average. can we figure out how many of those ancient trees are, in effect, being harvested to power this home for one month? well, it turns out that a thousand kilowatt hours, the electricity bill, comes from burning about a half ton of coal, which is the energy equivalent of two ancient trees, each one about 60 feet high. so that is what this home is burning every month, two old trees' worth of carbon. now, if we go for a year of electricity, that would be 24 of these trees. and over a decade, 10 years, we're up to 240 trees. and now you kind of used up a mini f forest just to power your home. it does not include, by the way, the family car. cars also use fossil fuels.galid oil comes from, once again, ancient plants. but not trees this time. no. no. oil comes from a much, much
tinier plant, so small you can't see them with your eyes. but you find them in the ocean drifting about, using sunshine to absorb carbon and grow and multiply. there are a thousand trillion, trillion of these tiny plants in the sea, called phytoplankton. they're the basic food of the ocean eaten by little guys and big guys. and 100 million years ago, there were phytoplankton living in the oceans, and when they died, and their babies died and the babies of those babies died, the ocean bottoms were gradually littered with sunshine, which remains, creating a layer of stored carbon that is under pressure from the mud above and the heat below and transversed into rock and under greater pressure turned into a black liquid that we now call oil. so today, when you pump a gallon of gasoline into your car, you are mostly pumping the squeezed
remains of countless microplant into your engine. but we can count them. when you turn on the engine and step on the gas and go, for every inch of highway, you are crunching 20 billion ancient plants through your car energy. 20 billion for every highway inch. so if you're grandma lives a mile down the road, it works out to 1,208 trillion plants giving up their energy to get to you grandma's. so we are constantly using carbon that has been locked into the ground for billions of years, digging it up and putting it to work for you and for me. we, today, are ravenous for old sunshine, so much so if you add up all of the coal and all of
the oil and all of the natural gas that we humans use to power our lives, in just one recent year -- we'll choose the year 2018 -- and think for a second of all of the ancient organisms that had to get squished down, the carboniferous trees and plants and thenes in the sea, on the land, all of those old organisms that got crunched into the fossil fuels, and you burn them, it turns out that what we burn in one year weighs 100 times more than everything alive today, everything! all of the living whales and the elephants and the forests and insects and grass and crops and birds and fish and people, dogs, and cats -- add up all of the
francisco mayor london breed. >> three, two, one! >> reporter: san francisco's 47year-old mayor, london breed, grew up int pt of her youth. >> i mean, ire in poverty. i grew up in public housing. so i wasn't really exposed early on to all of this beauty that you see now. i didn't know some of these neighborhoods even existed in san francisco. >> reporter: for this mayor, who has risen from postvert, fighting the city's inequality is one of her major challenges, in an area that is home to many of the worlds most available companies, san francisco now counts 8,000 homeless people, the fourth highest rate of any u.s. city. it has been made worse by some of the country's highest housing prices. smash-and-grab robberies, along with car break-ins have become their own postcards. the police solve less than 7% of
those property crimes, infuriating both residents and the city's more than $6 billion tourist industry. you said yourself many people in the city don't feel safe here any longer? >> yeah. and i think that's why we're working on it. we're working on it with making sure we're able to add more police officers. we're working on it by having alternatives to policing, to respond to people who are dealing with mental health challenges. >> reporter: after breed was elected four years ago, she picked up a broom and planned to spend tens of millions a year cleaning the streets. in total, san francisco is spending $1 billion city, state, and federal dollars on homelessness. >> every single morning, there are people who work for the city and county of san francisco, cleaning up where you wouldn't even know it is the same neighborhood, and even before noon, we're dealing with some of the same challenges of some of the litter and feces and urine and some of the other issues many of us are frustrated over.
>> reporter: those frus frustrations, particularly over crime, are making this liable liberalcity a little less liber. there was a raul in february of left-leaning school board members who focused on renaming schools rather than reopening them during the pandemic. on the natioe, poli here a ay target for critics on the left. >> san francisco is a tech mecca surrounded by a filthy mode of dededegenerascy. >> reporter: and nancy pelosi became the first female speaker of the house. republicans, newt gingrich among them, talked disdainfully about san francisco values. >> nancy pelosi represents a san
francisco value system. >> reporter: what are san francisco values? >> i think san francisco values really consistent of pushing the envelope and willing to try things that may make people uncomfortable for the purpose of really turning people's lives around. >> reporter: it seems to me the problem that san francisco faces is that for people on the right, it has become shorthand for liberal crazies. >> yeah, and, again, there is nothing i could do about that other than to make sure we're taking care of our city, we're cleaning it up, and we're keeping people safe and we're doing the things that make the people who live, work, and visit here happy. >> reporter: in december, the mayor broke from the city's often liberal policies when she announced plans to get tough on crime. >> it comes to an end when we take the steps to be more aggressive with law enforcement, more aggressive with the changes in our policy, and less tolerant
of all of the bull (bleep) that has destroyed our city. >> reporter: i looked at the police dashboard, the retail theft, and that is up this year. did your crackdown work? >> i don't think it is fair to take statistics and to equate them to a major headline around san francisco being dangerous, especially in light of when you look at our homicide rate in particular, and when you look at the number of cases we've been able to solve and the number of people we've been able to hold accountable. >> reporter: f.b.i. crime statistics confirm at least 55 other cities have higher cases of crime. >> i don't think numbers mean anything when something happens to you. ultimately, we've got to do a better yob with improving how people feel in the city. >> reporter: among the improvement that the mayor is proud of is a transformed corner in a tough neighborhood. >> on the corner of hyde
terr, this used to be an area where there was a lot of drug using and things. you go there today and there is a brand new park there and kids are now using the park. >> reporter: let me ask you just to explain san francisco to an outsider. >> ooh, that's a hard one: complicated, unique, beautiful, crazy, wild, fun, innovative, challenging -- all of those things and more. >> reporter: like any other american city, san francisco has plenty of problems. but much like any other big-city mayor, london breed is her city's biggest fan. >> i love san francisco. even though it is a complex city with all of its challenges and issues, but it is a place of beauty, of hope, and a place of opportunity.
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captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, committed to improving health for everyone, everywhere. captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pauley: i'm jane pauley. happy father's day, and please join us when our trumpet sounds again next sunday morning. ♪ if i could save time in a bottle ♪ ♪ the first thing that i'd like to ♪ if i could make days last
forever ♪ ♪ if words could make wishes come true ♪ ♪ i'd save every day like captioning sponsored by cbs >> brennan: i'm margaret brennan in washington, and this week on "face the nation," inflation rises and so does the risk of recession. plus more evidence from january 6 shows that former president trump and his allies knew their plot to overturn the election was illegal. the lawmakers investigating the january 6 attack on the u.s. capitol and witnesses to that day warned that former president trump and his allies posed a clear and present danger to american democracy. >> former president trump and other political allies appeared prepared to seize the presidency in 2024. >> brennan: last week's hearings revealed shocking new details about how close we cam