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tv   NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt Kids Edition  NBC  November 6, 2021 6:30am-7:00am PDT

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behind vaccines, the nation's top health agencies clear the way for millions of kids, ages 5 to 11 to get vaccinated against the coronavirus. just how will these convevaccins work we've got everything you need to know. also ahead, the holiday season is already underway, what you and your family should think about before you make that list and check it twice. plus, hot, hot, hot, what are volcanos and why do they erupt. we'll go below the surface and explain. plus animal camps, why they're such a big draw.
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meet biscuit, a little guy with a big mission, and the newest member of the washington capitals hockey team. >> and crayon activist, we'll intr introduce yo love of coloring into a project with a very you have a problem, it's not just going to go away. you actually have to do something about it. >> her inspiring story coming up >> this is nbc nightly news, kids edition. >> welcome back tonightly news kids edition, i'm lester holt, always great to be with you guys i hope you all are enjoying the fall and having some fun we've got a really terrific lineup from volcanos to animal camps to this little guy named biscuit who is training to serve veterans plus, it's time to turn those clocks back, we'll explain why we have daylight saving time, and a little later on, we can't wait for you to meet this 10-year-old activist let's begin with one of the top stories we have been following
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this week, and that's the pandemic and the road to recovery there's been a lot of talk the last several months about adults and kids and it got us thinking, what exactly is the science behind vaccines and how do they work. our pal dr. john has the very latest >> my question is. >> i have a question for you. >> it's been one of the biggest questions on your minds this year >> when will the 7-year-olds get their vaccine. >> when will kids be able to safely get the vaccine >> and after a long wait, it's finally here a covid-19 vaccine for kids ages 5 to 11. >> i've been waiting for this a long, long time, and i'm just happy. >> is the adult vaccine and the kids' vaccine both the same? >> the vaccine for kids and adults is the same but kids will get a smaller dose that's because children's immune systems are a little different than adults, and even though it's a smaller dose, it still works really well. in fact, the studies showed it
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was about 91% effective at stopping kids from getting sick with covid. >> my question is how do vaccines work? >> a vaccine works by tricking your body into developing antibodies against the coronavirus. remember, antibodies are those soldiers that attack viruses normally your body waits to create antibodies until a virus gets inside, that gives the virus time to make you sick. the vaccine helps your immune system make an army of antibodies without having to see the coronavirus. that way if the coronavirus does get in, the antibodies recognize it right away and can fight it off quickly before you get sick. >> when little kids are eligible to get the vaccine, do they need one dose or two doses? >> for this vaccine, kids ages 5 to 11 will need two doses, and they'll need to get them three weeks apart, and a reminder, it takes the vaccine about two weeks to work after your second dose that's when you're considered fully vaccinated
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>> when the shot for kids come out, what is the side effects for the things that you could get in the shot? >> kids may experience side effects like a sore arm, fatigue or a headache. but these should only last for a few days. >> i'm not scared but i'm not excited because i don't -- because i don't want it to hurt. >> it was just a sharp pain, and then it started feeling better >> it may hurt a little, like a little pinch on your shoulder, and some of you may even be a little afraid of needles, but here's a secret, i'm afraid of needles too, but i've got some tips for you that helped me when i got my covid vaccine first, don't look at the needle when you're getting the shot look somewhere else, and you can bring a stress ball or something you can squeeze or play with in your other hand, that way you're
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d distracted but my favorite is bring your parent, a sibling or friend along to talk with, you can tell jokes, trade stories, and you won't be thinking about getting the shot remember, vaccinations happen so fast, it will be over before you know it. >> dr. john torres, thank you as always let's turn now to another story in the headlines, and that is the economy. the holiday season is just a few weeks away, and you may have been hearing about something called inflation lately. what exactly is it, and thousand co -- how could it affect you and your family traditions our friend stephanie ruhle is here to help us understand. >> hey there, lester, i'm here with my daughter drew. with the holidays just around the corner, parents and gift givers are seeing higher prices on just about everything. >> with christmas and hanukah and other winter holidays coming up, you may have already written your wish list. >> this year, toys, clothes, even decorations will be more expensive, and that's because of inflation. >> inflation is a grown up word for when things cost more in a sh
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short period of time what's causing it? >> inflation is caused by supply and demand issues, if a lot of people want one item, like a christmas tree, and there's not enough to go around, that can cause the price to go up. >> what does that mean for the holidays >> it means it costs more to make the presents, which means your parents are going to spend more for each item on your wish list, they're going to be paying a lot more these holidays. >> what about decorations. >> because so many decorations are made in other countries, there can be traffic jams getting them here, plus, ships, trucks and gas, they cost more, too which means the price of our favorite decorations could be going up >> last year there were a lot of shipping delays. could that happen again? >> well, it's already happening between factories and stores if you want to get your gifts on time, better start shopping soon, and lucky for you, naughty girl, coal is more expensive this year, too, you might not end up with any in your stocking, you might actually get a present or two. >> presents, right on, back to
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you, lester. >> stephanie, thanks very much well at exactly 2:00 a.m. sunday morning, daylight saving time will end this means clocks will move back an hour tomorrow and could affect your sleep. did you ever wonder why we have daylight saving time, our pal dave price explains. >> hi, lester, hi kids, i'm checking all the clocks because early tomorrow morning at 2:00 a.m., daylight saving time officially ends, when we turn the clocks back one hour, and return to standard time. so essentially, we fall back, but why? w well, there are a few theories on how daylight saving time, singular, how it all began germany started observing it back in 1916 as a way to reduce energy costs during the first world war. now, the united states officially adopted it in 1966, following passage of the uniform time act as a way to conserve energy now, think about it, if it's
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light out longer, there's more daylight, and you'll need to light up your house at night for less time. and the farmers like this plan too. now, hawaii and arizona are the only two states that do not observe daylight saving time but some 70 countries around the world do observe it as well. the beginning and the end dates vary from nation to nation, so just keep that in mind if you're ever traveling around the world. so when we turn the clocks back an hour, in theory, we're going to gain an hour of sleep but it also means less time to play outside in the daylight daylight saving time will return at precisely 2:00 a.m. sunday, march 13th, 2022, when we will spring forward and then lose an hour of sleep, but the good news is, most phones and computers automatically adjust the time, but manual clocks, they're going to need to be adjusted, so if you have one of those, don't forget, turn your clocks back one hour before you go to sleep
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tonight, and then you'll wake up and it will be the right time. lester, get some sleep, and i'll see you soon back to you. >> dave, thanks very much. now let's switch gears and talk about a hot topic, volcanos, there are hundreds of volcanos around the world, including some right here in the united states like in hawaii and alaska. but what exactly are volcanos and why do they erupt? our friend molly hunter takes a closer look. >> with their rivers of lava, clouds of smoke, and powerful explosions, these aren't just regular mountains, these are volcanos they're about 1,500 volcanos on earth, and even more on the ocean's floor. in fact, more than 80% of the earth's surface is volcanic. but what are volcanos, and why do they erupt? way down below the surface of the earth at the outer core,
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things get really hot, as hot as surface of the sun the heat is so powerful, it can melt rocks, turning them into basically rock soup. this is called mag ma, and because the magma has less than the rocks above it, it wants to rise to the top. these are called tectonic plates, often moving and shiftings, often in earthquakes that we can sometimes feel, and sometimes create cracks for the magma, when the magma reaches the surface of the earth and spills out of it, it becomes lava lava can reach a temperature of $2,000 fahrenheit, and get this, that's about ten times hotter than actually boiling soup, about 75% of the earth's volcanos are around the ring of fire the ring of fire spans almost 25,000 miles from new zealand all the way to the coast of south america. around the pacific ocean, an area where most tectonic plaelts
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m plates meet. to kfind out more we met with ke keyara. >> this is pummus. >> we don't have pictures of that volcano, we don't have video of that volcano, but you know what kind of eruption because of the rock. >> we can look at any rock, and interrogate the rock record. >> you can find the dna of that rock. >> more or less, yes >> but they're also important, kiara says, they provide fertile soil, and she explains our cell phones and computers are actually made up of vital minerals from volcanic eruptions. >> if the volcanos stop, that means the earth engine is not working any longer, and the planet is going to die. >> volcanos may be mighty and scary, and they are of course dangerous when they erupt, but
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they're also essential day regulate heat coming from deep inside the earth and when the eruptions stop and the lava cools down, it turns to rock, creating new landscapes, way up here where we are on the earth's surface. >> molly, thank you so much. great information. time now for our pop quiz where we put you to the test the subject today is geography and the question is which country is the largest island in the world? the answer coming up after the break. just ahead, animal cams, why we are so fascinated by them. we'll take a look. plus, meet biscuit, the newest member of the washington capitals hockey team who is training for a really important mission. and then we'll introduce you to this 10-year-old from virginia who calls herself the world's first crayon activist. her inspiring message for kids just ahead when they can enjoy the best? eggland's best. the only eggs with more fresh and delicious taste.
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welcome back to nz nightly news kids edition. pop quiz, which country is the largest island world greenland. greenland was a danish colony when it was redefined as a district of denmark. the country has its own government and some 56,000 people live in greenland mostly around the coastal areas, it's a good chunk of greenland covered in ice and snow. in case you're wondering, greenland is three times the size of texas, so it's pretty big. veterans day is november 11th, and the holiday is a time for us to honor our veterans of all wars and there's onelittle guy in washington, d.c. who is training for a big mission to help
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veterans his name is biscuit, and he's got game our pal kevin tibbles now with the story. >> there's a new teammate on the nhl washington capital's bench he's just a little guy, in fact, he only ways 30 pounds, but 3-month-old biscuit is a real winner just ask cap's right winger, garnett. >> he's amazing, and just whenever you enter the room and you see him, there's a smile on your face immediately. >> biscuit named after a hockey puck is in training, too, to become a service dog helping military service veterans in need >> good boy. >> the capitals teamed up with the charity, america's vet dogs to help publicize the organization's work, matching vets with four-legged friends. dogs can help humans who are hurting. >> our dogs, you know, have outstanding training they work with individuals, have
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visible disabilities and invisible disabilities whether somebody's missing a limb or has ptsd, our dogs have special training for that. >> the organization pairs about 100 dogs annually with veterans, some who suffer from ptsd or post-traumatic stress disorder a mental health condition that's triggered by a traumatic event dina stone is a puppy raiser she's sort of like biscuit's teacher, and babysitter all in one, until he's old enough to be fully trained. >> what do those eyes do for people who need assistance >> i think those who need assistance look into the eyes of their dog and i just think they can easily put them at ease, and maybe if they're having a bit of a tough moment, that dog really looking at them and connecting with them, they understand that's what it's all about, and i do believe that the heart rate, the blood pressure probably all lowers just a
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little bit >> biscuit is the second dog the washington hockey team has supported. the first was named captain. >> i think i am the luckiest person alive. >> and captain now helps marine mark watney overcome the many traumas that followed him home from the battlefield >> a dog will always give you unconditional love, regardless of anything that you've done they won't judge you >> a dog is not going to ask you any questions. >> no, it will just give you the undying love. >> and believe me, when biscuit is surrounded by kids, in this case, the children of capital oo players, there's more than enough love to go around. >> i think he's really really funny. >> you think biscuit is really funny? so let's wish biscuit and the capitals the best of luck, training together to win the stanley cup, and lend a veteran a helping hand or paw. it's an all star lineup.
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kevin tibbles, nbc news, washington >> kevin, thank you so much. biscuit is definitely an all star and an absolute cutie speaking of cute, animal cams at zoos across the country have captured our hearts this past year from pandas to koalas and beyond our friend kerry sanders takes a look. >> it's one thing to see a picture of an animal in a book, but what about watching them living their lives, perhaps the most popular camera in the world is the panda cam >> pandas are clearly the star attraction of the smithsonian zoo in washington, d.c folks tune in to watch moments like this, a panda in a tree, and then just like a kid who miscalculates the climb, wait for it, boom unpredictable, unexpected, and
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fun. because what just happened happened live on one of the zoo's 41 panda cams, streamed to the internet for anyone to watch. >> even if i'm not around the cams, if i'm, say, standing in the back area cleaning or something and i see something fun like that happening, i will run to the cam room so that i can make sure the cams are aimed not only for me, but i want the public to be able to see those things as well. >> an estimated 2 million people visit the national zoo and the pandas every year, but on an average day, 90,000 more show up via the internet, clicking in, sometimes for hours to watch the pandas and their engaging antics when she was born, they like to say that moment broke the internet sue was watching that day. since she was born, sue had only ever seen him online so excited, sue jumped into her car and drove all the way from
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north carolina to finally see the 1-year-old bundle of black and white bearness. >> this is your first time seeing in person >> yes >> everything else has been online. >> yes >> but you are kind of like a mama bear it sounds like. >> there are animal cameras streaming all over the internet. one popular site, koala cam at the san diego zoo. they can be slow moving, but still, what a joy to watch ava and grace mcdermott tune in to watch animals online, time well spent >> there's the elephant. >> elephant. >> that's so cool. >> eagle cam in miami is not at the zoo. it's in the wild where the unfiltered moments of life unfold in realtime >> i would encourage kids to sit there, watch it and be patient because the behaviors change all the time, and there's no way to predict. you know, the one thing we say, the only thing about these animals is they're unpredictable. you never know what's going to
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happen. >> there are so many animal cameras online just search live animal camera, and see what you can find online if your parents say you spend too much time on the internet, invite them to look. they will probably join you for hours. lester. >> thank you so much for that. and finally in our inspiring kids series, one 10-year-old in virginia turned her love of coloring into a personal mission to make sure other kids feel included. >> belle woodard was coloring in her loudoun county classroom when she realized something was missing from the crayon box, her third grade classmate asked for the skin colored crayon, but there wasn't one that matched her own. >> i heard my classmates call it the peach color, the skin color. it is the skin color but tgit's not the only one i felt confused. >> i'm the world's first crayon activist, what an activist is to me is someone who's active in
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making a change, and i call myself a crayon activist because i like to say i'm changing the world one crayon at a time. >> thanks to her creativity and drive, she and other kids have more options. >> if i were to color myself right now, i would use skin color, sahara. >> belle created the more than peach project, her own line of crayons that reflect multiracial skin tones. >> in this pack, i have skin color denali, skin color satellite tellite a des. >> each have different names with skin color in the title, so each knows it is the skin color crayon, and crayola has followed her lead, creating its colors of the world box last year. the 6th grader's more than peach line also includes colored pencils, sketch books, and clothing she even has a book coming out
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next summer. >> i wanted to make an art supplies brand that lets kids know that not only the peach or the brown is the only skin color. there's all these different shades and you just want to make sure when you're coloring, you can see you and not someone else >> bellen hopes her message of inclusion inspires other kids. >> you can do anything you set your mind to, and if you have a problem, it's not just going to go away. you actually have to do something about it, and who knows, there could be more people who have that problem and you're helping not only yourself but helping others >> and joining us now is bellen woodard, thank you so much for joining us, and i have to tell you, i'm really really proud of you and think it's fascinating what you have done. >> thank you for having me. >> yeah, what's the reaction been like from other kids so far? >> so i get about 500 letters a
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week, and they're from mostly teachers and kids and some parents, too, and they're saying -- well, kids sometimes say, oh, my gosh, you're my hero, my mom just bought me your crayons or teachers are saying, i just bought my students thee crayons, and they're so excited, and they're all really positive responses, and i'm so happy when i get them because it lets me know that i'm on the right track and i'm making a difference. >> you sure are. let me ask you what your message is to kids who are watching. >> my message for kids who are watching is to, well, if you see a problem, do something about it because it's not just going to go away on its own, and there's probably not -- you're probably not the only person who is experiencing that problem and i'd like to say, there's no rule book, which basically means you
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can do anything you set your mind to do, and do it your way because there's no right or wrong way to do things. >> it's a great message for kids, and it's really a great message for all of us. it was so nice having you on, thank you very much! thank you. >> that's going to do it for us. parents, just a reminder, if your child has a question about any topic in the news, e-mail a video to us at nightlyne you can catch a new episode of nightly news kids edition every thursday on and you tube take care of yourself and each other. so long.
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this is an nbc news special report. here's peter alexander. >> good morning. president biden is speaking right now after the house overnight passed his trillion-dollar infrastructure bill. here's the president. >> monumental step forward as a nation. we learned that our economy creatd 5.6 million jobs since we took office on january 20th. recent unemployment rate of 4.6%. two full years earlier than the vast majority of economists predicted that would happen. we've just -- we're just getting started. we did something that's long overdue, that long has been talked about in washington but never actually been done -- the
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house of representatives passed an infrastructure investment in jobs act. that's a fancy way of saying a bipartisan infrastructure bill. a once in a generation investment that's going to create millions of jobs, modernize infrastructure, our roads, our bridges, our broadband, a range of things. to turn the climate crisis into an opportunity. it puts us on the path to win the economic competition of the 21st century that we face with china and other large countries and the rest of the world. it's going to create more jobs, good paying jobs, union jobs, and can't be outsourced, and they're going to transform our transportation system with the most significant investments in passenger rail, the most significant investment in 50 years, in roads and bridges, the most significant investment in 70 years, and more investment in public transit than we've ever, ever made, period. it's going to modernize our ports and airports,


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