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tv   Battle in the Holy Land  FOX News  April 4, 2021 10:00pm-11:00pm PDT

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watching. don't forget to put years dvr. see you next sunday when "the next revolution" will be televised. ♪♪ >> judea, samaria, the west bank, the biblical holy land for jews, christians and muslims. walls, checkpoints and borders. occupation, settlements, liberation, or land grab? what the truth is depends on where you sit, who you listen to, and the facts on the ground. we're on the ground to get the real story.
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"battle in the holy land" starts right now. ♪♪ i'm pete hegseth and this is "battle in the holy land." it's not just weapons, it's weaponized language. is it sovereign israeli soil or occupied territory? there's the biblical and religious arguments. there's the history of this ancient land and then there are the geographic and security realities. right here where i'm standing is the front edge of the judea and samaria heights which overlooks israel proper. jerusalem, the ben gurion the mediterranean sea. 70% of israel's population and
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industrial base can be seen from this point. whoever controls the hills of judea samaria controls israel. you may not be familiar with judea and samaria, but the west bank. >> there's no difference, in fact the word jew comes from the word judea. where they'd primarily look at it. >> over the centuries the jewish people were forced out as crusading armies went over the land, including the conquests and the ottoman empire which ruled for 300 years. ottoman empire ruled until world war i, and in palestine, soldiers tried to enforce international law which called for an international home. the next few decades were filled with growing tension and bloodshed. >> judea home.
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jews-- >> after 2000 years a jewish nation exists in the atmosphere of civil war, relinquishing of the british mandate, palestine is rocked by full scale war. >> when israel was officially founded in 1958, british soldiers pulled out and were replaced by soldiers from arab countries. palestine is invaded as the united nations looks for some way to stop the war. >> in 1948, the army invaded and took the hills and renamed it the west bank, meaning the west bank of the country jordan. so what was the strategic reality on the edge. state of israel were controlled by jordan? >> they were literally on the pie ground, pete. they were controlling the area. we were in a situation where we could be obliterated. >> from 1948 to 1967 that's how it remained, judea and samaria
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was now the west bank. >> they occupied this area for 19 years. in 1967 israel miraculously, i would say, liberated the strategic hills of judea and samaria. >> in 1967 israel's quick and divisive military victory brought the area back under their control and the borders were redrawn once again. >> israeli government officers announced their victory wipes out previous agreements. >> for 19 years the jordanians controlled it. in 1967 israel managed to liberate it and take it back. >> 26 years later in 1993 the united states mediated the first oslo accords. >> leader yasser arafat and prime minister yitzhak rabin, a milestone, withdrawing military troops and transferring control
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to a soon to be elected palestinian authority. >> it was divided into these zones, area a, b, c, but putting the with the palestinian arabs. >> and you'll see signs like this one. this is specifically on highway 60, west, east, through judea and samaria. this big red sign says area a ahead. no entry for israelis. what is the area a? it means political and military security controlled by the palestinian authority. and area c, that's military and political control by israelis. area b is the in between zone. political control of palestinians, military control of israelis. and as drivers, you have to be aware of what area you're going into. if you're israeli or a jew the sign is clear, entry for israeli citizens is forbidden,
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dangerous to your life and against israeli law. as we went to cross into area a, we were stopped by a group of israeli soldiers. we had a palestinian driver, but our car had yellow israeli license plates. the soldiers advised us against entering area a, especially with those plates. >> so, yellow plates means israeli, which means we would be targeted or what? >> dangerous. don't no what to say. >> some random person may be an attack or something? okay, thank you very much. >> a few days later, we learned just how dangerous things can get. when we traveled to the city of ramallah, the defacto capital of the palestinian authority. as we were about to cross into the city israeli soldiers suddenly told us we would not be able to. >> i can't let you. >> we just tried to enter into ramallah through a controlled
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check point. we were about to get in and there was confusion, smoke in the background. they shut the gate, dropped it and now they're turning around the traffic. >> we pulled over just outside the entrance to the city and the plumes of smoke intensified. >> here we are outside the checkpoint to get into ramallah. they just blocked us moments later we're hearing explosion or crowd diversion devices. grenades just launched toward the crowd. you can see it's a showdown in area a palestinian-controlled territory and you've got palestinian youth in masks throwing rocks with slingshots to israeli soldiers who responded. >> when it seemed likes things died down the israelis opened the checkpoint and we were allowed to cross into area a. >> we're about 10 minutes after the scene we filmed. we're driving through that area right now. israeli troops on the hilltop there right behind me. there's rocks in the road and probably palestinians placed out here and tried to block the road. >> still got tear gas smoking up here and off in the
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distance, maybe 30 feet in front of us, some kids holding rocks preparing to throw them. and here is an active scene big time. we're in the middle of it. >> it was a tense scene. as we drove past the smoldering tires that blocked the road minutes early, we discovered how ugly i think so this can get quickly. >> right to the left you see the guys throwing rocks. they are throwing rocks at the -- literally, right in the middle of the cross-fire. >> the masked palestinian men regrouped and once against blocked the road with rocks and trapping us and the cars ahead of us. >> this guy had a rock in his hand and this guy threw a slingshot over, slingshoting rocks over the car. they used us as a child as they attacked the israelis soldiers at the checkpoint and fired back with tear gas and what seemed to be less than lethal
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rounds. okay. the driver warned us to drop our camera and soon we were surrounded by young men, faces covered by scarves similar to those warn by hamas and other palestinian groups. one of them saw our camera and smashed it on the ground and yelled allah akbar. we were soon the center of attention. >> don't worry, don't worry. >> hey. >> okay. i think-- our driver was able to do some quick maneuvering, driving over the boulders and through the crowd and we somehow made it out of that very dangerous situation. now more
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>> 40 miles south of ramallah and roughly 20 miles south of jerusalem lies hebron. no other city exemplifies the land claim rights and nestled in the mountains it's the largest city in judea and samaria and has the biggest population outside of gaza, numbering 200,000 and they social with abram, common patriarch of all three major religions. control of hebron was a major sticking point in the oslo agreements. and they divided in two separate zones. 80% became the palestinian controlled area and the other
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20% became h-2. controlled by the israeli military. home to about 35,000 palestinians and around 700 israelis who live in small pockets of urban settlements. walking through the streets of h-1, much like other palestinian areas, it doesn't feel like the city falls within the borders of israel. >> you look at the shops, the culture the food, this is a middle eastern city, having been in baghdad, this feels like downtown baghdad. we're in sovereign israel and steps from here is one of the holiest sites of all of judeaism, but palestinians say israel is trying to get them out making life difficult with extreme movements and road closures. >> behind me here, downtown hebron, shopping and commerce like any packed city in the middle east. it's not the whole story of
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where we're standing as you walk from this bustling location to what you see behind me right now, which is a checkpoint and shops closed up and shut down. there are two sides to every story. the palestinian narrative is that the israelis have occupied this and blocked off this otherwise bustling street. if you're an israeli, you see this gate as security. and without this fortification, jews will be attacked and killed. from the jewish perspective this is unfortunately necessary, palestinians see it otherwise and wonder why. the shops are closed, all depends on the viewpoint you're coming from. >> an activist arrested dozens of times and says the closures and checkpoints are a form of harassment. >> it's really heavy restrictions. it's hard to come into the united states and-- >> you walk up to here and this is h-1. >> yes. >> this is h-2 where israelis
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live. and this looks like an insult to you but to an israeli who can't live in downtown hebron, they look at these gates and they see security, they see freedom for their families. >> i understand security is a mutual concept. everybody needs security. i see that this is violating my basic, basic human rights. >> human rights? >> and the majority of people living inside is palestinians. but had a human right do you have if you're an israeli or a jew who will be killed if they try to live in hebron. >> i would be killed in any area in west bank, if i enter there, they would shot me. >> because of the restrictions happened in 1994 after a settler, dr. goldstein opened fire on scores of palestinian worshippers. 29 palestinians were killed and more than 125 wounded.
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[siren] >> the massacre triggered rioting and chaos throughout hebron and attacks by hamas and other radical groups. israelis were targeted by suicide bombers and hebron's fragile peace was shattered. the israeli military shut down some palestinian streets completely and closed off others to palestinian vehicles. the most visible example is al shahadry. >> and those are in the area and the main shipping area was closed and say people can't use the regular entrance to their homes. >> sometimes in israel the door is sealed. look. this is the main gate to a palestinian house so they come
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from the back yard. to the house, they use the roof tops to go to their homes. this used to be a barbershop. this one. this is the shop closed by military orders. what a barber shows security threats? >> israelis would say this is one small portion that we have that we're forced to secure and you always focus on this street as opposed to the rest of hebron, which is a model of a muslim middle eastern city. >> times square in the u.s., if you close it, shops, are closed sealed. look. >> how much of this has to do with oslo. >> when we signed the peace process, the israelis didn't like it and-- >> islamists didn't like it either and hamas didn't like it. >> and hamas started reacting to the massacre.
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and the political arena changed from peace to the israeli right from peace to the israeli right wing camp unfortunately. welcome, today's discussion will be around sliced meat. moms want healthy... and affordable. land o' frost premium!!! no added hormones either. it's the only protein i've really melted with. land o' frost premium. fresh look. same great taste. hi guys! check out this side right here. what'd you do? - tell me know you did it. - yeah. get a little closer.
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it's tru. keytruda from merck. see the different types of cancer keytruda is approved to treat at, and ask your doctor if keytruda can be part of your story. ashley: welcome to fox news live. i'm ashley strohmier. the trial of minneapolis police officer derek chauvin begins monday. friday yuri heard testimony from the department's longest serving of officer. he called chauvin kneeling on floyd's neck as you can necessary. >> delta airlines is opening up
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middle seats a month earlier than they expected to. they flew more than one million passengers the last few days. delta he most of the stranded riders have been rebooked. >> [speaking language] >> okay. thank you. >> no, we are not going here. >> oh, where are we going? >> we are standing here. you're allowed. i'm not allowed. >> you can't go further than this line? >> i can't walk further than this. >> this is my neighborhood. i was born in that house. they closed the area here completely. i'm not allowed to visit the
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house, we own it we own it. as you see i don't have equal rights with you in my own city. they could check me and-- it's security for blue and white and here. and inside the palestinian city. >> what goes through your head when you see an israeli soldier standing there doing his job? >> i see discrimination and segregation. >> you don't see security? >> not at all. >> not surprisingly israelis in hebron see things differently. the international spokesman to the jewish community of hebron. >> we're on the one jewish street that the jews have. we basically live in 3% of the town. jewish people always existed here. at times an ethnic majority. today we're an ethnic minority. we get one defended street. sadly their stores were closed because they were using the store front as a way to terrorize the jews. so the israeli army said we
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can't protect it like this, we have to shut down the stores and move them to the part of town that's wealthy where the real arab commerce happens. >> what do you say to those this is all about pushing palestinian out of the old city of hebron and nothing to do with security. >> sometimes we have to take measures that aren't beautiful. i wish it didn't with have to. i wish similar language and we could live together, but right now there's a jihadist attitude. >> around the defended region it is around a holy site. >> see the minorets, that's the tomb. matriarchs and the about patriarchs. >> and mentioned in the bible, hebron is known as the cave which abraham purchased as a burial plot, the most ancient side in judaism and the second
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holiest site since the temple mount. since hebron in the 7th century, it was a place of worship for muslims known as the ibrahimi mosque. in 1967 during the six-day war, israel took control of the site. hebron had come under jewish control for the first time in 2000 years. muslims were still allowed to worship there, but jews were finally also granted access and then came 1994, the ibrahimi mosque massacre and what followed. >> the massacre israeli divide the mosque. the holy site is now literally split down the middle with separate entrances so both jewish and muslim worshippers can visit without coming into contact with each other. >> 65 persons of the mosque were given to the israeli
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settlers and given then to the muslims. >> after some negotiating and a security screening we made our way into the mosque. >> we're deep inside the mosque, one of the holiest and oldest mosques in all of islam, and being here we didn't think we could get cameras inside and we see individuals studying, praying. >> on the muslim side stand two massive grave markers for rebecca and isaac, and a locked shaft that leads down to the caves below. >> this door, you can see open on a few occasions through the year, the only thing between this mosque and the synagogue on the other side in the holy site are two things, islam and muslims praying here and jews, judaism praying there and only a door, but feels like a chasm between this mosque and this
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synagogue. it remains controversial. >> this is a palestinian site and palestinians should control this place. >> you believe in a palestinian state, it would be allowed to have a jewish synagogue here? >> we as palestinian, the old religion, we like that we have jewish site and heritage. >> you recognize this as a significant holy site? >> i recognize abraham's place. >> isaac, ishmael, all of them. >> i crossed over ton justiced from the israeli side. >> for jews and muslims, this is important, the land of rebecca and isaac. and several people claimed it they say no, no, we, christianity we're the chosen son of abraham and take
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control. and they take over and come back, no we're the chosen son of abraham, no, we're the chosen son of abraham, that's why the place is beautiful, but a place of conflict, of friction. >> the massive structure was built over the caves by king herod nearly 2000 years after abraham's burial. >> underneath cave is the complex and the tomb of the fathers and mothers is, this building is on top of where that cave is. >> abraham's son. >> the father of all religions, below us in a cave is the burial site. >> they believe abraham in body and faith come to this place. >> when we look at this script, it's arabic.
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>> this is in a muslim style because the muslim controlled 700 years, 1267 until 1967. >> for 700 years. >> right, and here we have biblical verses and beyond that is the locked door and muslim side. >> the mosque is on the other side. >> 10 days a year they get full control of the building. >> and in here as well. >> and there are holidays and 10 days a year we get full control. >> into the mosque? >> yes. >> the united nations organization unesco recently declared the complex and all of hebron a palestinian site in need of protection. >> unesco decided, you believe
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that they would be unwanted and unwelcomed and gone? >> right. >> and that's the core of hebron on why the cave of the patriarchs. >> ultimately there's a religious conflict here. >> when we look at the checkpoints and the security protocols it's all on the belief this is holy ground. >> absolutely. that's why the jewish people were always living here and we get kicked out and we come back here, this is where we're from. to this day it's a contentious site and there are people that want to erase us and we're unwilling to be erased.
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progressive can't save you from becoming your parents, but we can save you money when you bundle home and auto with us. no fussin', no cussin', and no -- >> after israel retook judea and samaria in the six-day war many looked at the settlements which they consider part of our ancesteral homeland. israelis settlements fall in area c, is outside of israel's recognized boundaries. the international community considers this land to be occupied palestinian territory. and palestinians say over the past five decades the settlements have systematically swallowing up the land.
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>> over two dozen communities that are isolated and insulated from each other, just like in south africa and the apartheid. >> in 1978 the settlements are quote, inconsistent with international law and under the obama administration, secretary of state john kerry called them a threat to peace. >> virtually every country in the world other than israel opposes settlements. >> but in november of 2019 secretary of state mike pompeo announced the official u.s. position had changed. >> we will no longer recognize israeli settlements as per se inconsistent with international law. >> other countries and the u.n. said the announcement changed nothing. >> israeli settlements are in breach of international law. >> is this sovereign israeli soil or occupied territory. >> they set out to answer that. with bebe netanyahu at the white house they unveiled what
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the president called the deal of the century. >> my vision presents a win hadden win opportunity for both sides a realistic two-state solution. >> along with the announcement came a proposed new map, the settlements that israelis had already built would be a part of israel, but a four-year pause on new settlement construction. reaction from palestinians was immediate. protests erupted across the disputed region and palestinian officials called the plan laughable. >> it is the opposite of peace. those who think that the palestinian people will back up and leave, they will not. >> palestinian president mahmoud abbas did not hold back. >> we say a thousand times, no, no, no to the deal of the century. >> when the trump administration released its map of the proposed new two-state solution, it included 15 israelis enclaves that would be
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surrounded by the palestinian state. the spot that could become enclave eight lies deep in the judeaen mountains and it's inhabited by settlers. >> jeremy is an orthodox rabbi born in atlanta, georgia, who moved to israel as a boy and served in the military. and there he met a friend and they and their families have taken over a mountain top, aragah farms. the kingdom began this these mountains and we're literally in the heart of judea and that's why we're here. >> they started building a farm, planting vineyards, what they hope will be a beacon to those who want to come and
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pray. >> did you have permits? did you know you could be here. >> we came out here encouraged by the municipality, encouraged by the ministry of tourism, are the permits final? not yet, but we needed to start building. >> they see themselves fulfilling ancient propheies that said that jews would return to their land and blossom with vegetation. >> it's a shame that this area is defined by the conflict because we have a harmony with the arabs here. >>, but to the international community these are opposite of harmony. >> all settlement activity is illegal under international law and the viability of the two-state solution and the prospects for a lasting peace. >> although there's international pressure from the european union, the united nations to get us out of this place, god has told us he's planted us here and we'll never be uprooted again, we have more from god promises than the
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threat of the eu. >> we belong to this land and that's why we're here, this is our only home. >> the remote settlements are growing in number. more than three dozen have sprung up since 2012 and not all of them are driven by ideology. cohen is part of a small rag tag community that also lives on a mountain top in the desert. >> do you see yourself as a settler? >> i want to live an ecological life, and i am doing good for my people, my faith, my religion. >> to know him is a piece of paradise. the only problem, depending who you talk to is it legal? >> we're an outpost, woo we got electricity, it didn't come from the sky and we have water here, i can't make my own
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water. someone did it and it's not me and it's much higher than me. >> the government. >> we are israeli citizens. we pay taxes, we recruit into the army, we go to civil service, we educate our children to become contributing members of society. we have learning plans. we are a part of israel. i'm a mother, trying to raise good happy children in a bit of an abnormal reality. >> it's an abnormal reality na is converting these outposts into official, but not official towns. as the years pass, the growing settlements become more permanent and harder to undo. ♪♪ >> heartway between the palestinian cities of nabalas and ramallah lies a valley and there tucked in between small palestinian villages is an archeological excavation of the
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ancient city thought to be the relocation that once held the biblical tabernacle constructed by moses for the israelites after their exodus from egypt. excavations of the ancient city have happened on and off since 1922, and of israel recaptured judea and samaria, israelis expanded the excavation and started temporarily living on the hills nearby. in 1984 a small caravan became a settlement. and it was more permanent as homes were built replacing the trailers. there have been protests in the area and occasional violence. how do you react to people saying, i don't care about your story, you are illegal and you need to go? >> so, i have heard that before. it's a disputed area. >> yeah. >> but if you look at the view you'll see that there are
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palestinian over there and israelis up there. israelis over here and palestinians over here and there's room for more people to come and we can live here peacefully, 450,000 israelis live in area c. 200,000 palestinian also in this area. >> this was not only israel's first capital, but the center of the 12 tribes for 369 years. >> today the site has become a biblical tourist attraction, attracting more than 120,000 visitors a year, many who are evangelical christians. >> we know this is ancient sheloh. you're looking at bed rock there and the width is the exact as mentioned in exodus in the bible and straight to the west is the holy of holies. >> within the holy of holies is the arc of the covenant, said
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to have held the two stone tablets on which the ten commandments were inscribed. >> they took the tabernacle with that to fight the war and that's the end of the story. >> in telling the ancient story, it's not without controversy. critics say the sites and what was built above was private palestinian land and they're only telling part of the historical story. >> all scholars agree that this is definitely the jewish holy site of sheloh. and in their opinion we should back up and leave. >> if your house is deemed illegal on the wrong side of the line, the settlement, what would happen to your ability to access to the site? >> we would definitely have no access to this site even though we should be able to. >> the most vivid example of why israelis fear once again losing access to holy sites can be found at joseph's tomb. the biblical patriarch joseph,
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one of the 12 sons of jacob is mentioned in the koran, the jewish tora and the christian old testament. he's best known for his techna color dream coat and sold in slavery by his brothers. and it's believed that his bones were brought and entombed on the city of nablas. it's been destroyed and rebuilt over the centuries and used by samaria and ottoman and muslim settlers. it was a jewish prayer site deep within territory. they use this to pray, but in reality it's nearly impossible. the site has been attacked and bombed by rioters. and travel is forbidden. the 0 nl-- only way to visit is in the middle of the night under heavy
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guard of military. once a month after midnight, buses show up at various undisclosed locations and hundreds of religious israelis get on board and they travel down empty streets, cleared by a massive amount of israelis soldiers. fighting breaks out around the perimeter as the heavily guarded worshippers crowd into the site to pray. >> the fascinating part of this scene, you hear big explosions, you hear what sounds like gunshots off in the distance. yet, down here, it's a celebration. soldiers are walking around, totally unconcerned. it's a reality of this part of the so-called west bank and the places where jews had to fight to get access. if you're not used to it, random explosions and gunfire on the perimeter would normally have you on notice, but tonight, it doesn't have anyone
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here concerned. >> soon it's back on the buses and another tense drive through the heavily guarded closed off streets until the worshippers are safely across the border.
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♪♪ >> one common feature of many settlements throughout the contested area is that they're on hilltops. quite literally taking the high ground. >> whatever controls this spot controls israel. one missile, one attack from these lands threatens the industry, the airports and the people of israel. aside from all the religious and ancesteral claims to this land, israelis fear a return to pre-1967 borders which could leave the entire country vulnerable.
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>> americans don't understand there would be a nine mile line israel, that would mean people that want to annihilate us looking down on us. >> and in the '60s, protect the high ground has shifted slightly. now instead of protecting it with artillery, they're protecting it with construction trucks and cement mixers. welcome, around me construction is ongoing and has been for 36 years. in 1983, the first settlers an i rived here and today there are 16,000 in a bustling city. forget what you think you know about settlements. this is the presence from the west bank. >> and this is a political statement about where we live here. i don't mind being called a settler, it means we have our feet on the ground and settling
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the land and as far as i'm concerned that's something productive and positive. >> across judea and samaria there are tens of thousands of palestinians who work for israelis businesses. at the plastics factory, they produce parts for bathroom plumbing and supplies. and it's an israeli company with mostly palestinian work force. >> and 95 workers and palestinian and this is in the west bank. >> yeah, yeah. >> the area. is it controversial to have a business that-- no, no, the workers are very good. very loyal ability. so we're working like a family. >> that's not what you hear about judea and samaria and jews and palestinians, why is it different? >> over here they'll receive more money from the palestinian authority. and this land, i don't know who it belongs, i am here, i have walked and come to go and palestinians the same, we're
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equal, we're human. >> the small inroads toward peace made person to person may be the best hope for calming tensions in an area that's been in dispute for hundreds of generations. but israeli settlers are adamant that this is their and ancesteral land and they're here to stay. even with a peace deal on the table there does not appear to be an end for the battle for the holy land.
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chris: i'm chris wallace. president biden's push for massive infrastructure spending plan runs up against questions in congress and a recovering economy. >> the largest american jobs investment since world war ii. chris: the president's proposal not just investing in roads and bridges but green energy and care for the elderly and facing opposition from the right, left and center. we will talk with brian, white house top economic adviser and architect of the bill, only on fox news sunday. and we will discuss republican opposition with senator roy blunt of missouri. then covid


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