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tv   Thirst  Deutsche Welle  August 14, 2022 10:15am-11:01am CEST

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6 minutes later, but shaka were warded as last minute penalty, which marius bolton converted, the game ended to to that's all from us for now. next doc film looks at the growing battle for of crucial natural resources. water. a michael oak, who thanks for watching more news at the top the out. imagine how many portion of lunch us heard out in the world climate change can be very hard to store. this is my plastic way from just one week. how much was going to really get we still have time to act. i'm going all
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with what 5th? ah ah, imagine if our water were to run out. this is the realization of what happens to a community that runs out of water. there is no way to survive this or future. imagine our wells drying up as a job given me, i'm just a fool. i'm afraid that we may eventually run out of water here. yeah. oh excuse. and what if the fight for water turns into war? some parts of the world are going to become on livable because of rising, he only your behavior here. the wooded crisis is a tale of never ending this around. water is disappearing everywhere. that suggests a huge global migration. when it think the sides need water to survive and could international, con, flexible, become inevitable?
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um you get one gone dis, mentioned within vasa from a global perspective. human kinds approach to water is potentially lethal of the song leevins then via but once politics is dictated by the fight for water, then god help us canada and scott. mm hm. we're used to having plenty of water. yeah, but that's changing thanks to the climate crisis with water scarcity becoming an increasingly important issue. this series asks, what happens if we have no more water? ah, avila beach is a picturesque resort town in southern california, with an old wooden pier stretching far out into the local bay. but
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appearances can be deceptive. as we're told by pete kelly from the local community services this pacific coast paradise is facing disaster. it's a beautiful spot for sure, but it's also very dry now compared to what it usually is. i mean, after a wonderful rainy spring, it's so green around here. you wouldn't believe it. it looks like ireland. but not this year. it's semi desert. after years of drought, the land just behind the coast around a villa beach is now eagerly barren. we will be out of water as will most places in california. and he's gonna get worse. i would just say, pray for where i 300 kilometers up the coast in comparatively water rich northern california lies the town of mendocino. i grew up here, this is home. i actually was
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a firefighter and worked in mass for about 15 years. so i'm not new to emergencies, i'm not new to protecting the community, but i am relatively new to water and wastewater management. and starting this career in the middle of one of the worst routes in the last 100 years, has presented quite a few challenges. mendocino location perched on the cliffs overlooking the ocean, has made it a popular tourist destination. but these days fresh water has to be trucked in. the ongoing drought is threatening to think it's key industry. we've been dependent on truck water since at least january. and the real problem happened. july 18th, when fort bragg shut off the tap because every month were more and more dependent on the truck water, everyone declared an emergency. but all of a sudden there is no more water available. that's when panic said, an entire county now dependent on water brought in by truck and subject to
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a drought state of emergency declared by the state governor in 2021. a nightmare for locals. when shop owners started calling me and restaurant saying, we have to lock our bathrooms to the public because we don't have enough water. this is a health and safety crisis. it's a human emergency. you know, you can't have people deprecating on the street all over town restaurant and cafe owners have had to set up a portable toilets. water makes the world go around and in a 1st world country with the fact that we don't have continue access to, it is difficult and every day brings fresh uncertainty. we don't know. we got to day by day we have the risk to sometime we can open the door because we don't want to run. i wouldn't be much more. maloney is originally from italy like nearly all restaurant or is his business cannot function without water. in his case,
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it's provided by the authorities, but it's ration. the county gave us was that so these what they, what did we use for the cash to look at actual we gave it to each gospel, matawan little bottled and obviously the asked for more was it we were water. water never used to be in short supply here. so what is it like now being left high and dry? it's an embarrassment. it's scary. and it makes you really reevaluate your life where you live. ah, and it makes you think about things differently. you know, it's one thing not to have why fi? everywhere you go? it's a whole nother thing. if you've got no water to drink. and 10000 kilometers east of california in germany, water shortages have become a problem as well. for 5000 sponsors tomatoes despite vamps the yacht and arch lance vocalize. mr. xander hoard simpler tool. and kennedy and lloyd's called for this to good template. one in some parts of germany, searing temperatures have repeatedly strained supplies of drinking water. as here
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in the town of lauer now, this is the local water authority o father. due to high levels of consumption, the local water supply levels remain critical to the supply of drinking water could occasionally be interrupted. the fire department will soon be distributing a final supply of service water in your area. the omni, listen, we have seen critical situations in the drive, some as of the last few years, but nothing like this year and extreme situations like this. the local fire department provides people with water until the local supply can be restored. but why didn't those responsible anticipate the shortfall? an expert explains how a resource once taken for granted became a scarce commodity. without anyone really noticing vasa is absolute and to fail to this good on smart in wound are she, lisa, art and water is very much
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a vulnerable resource front or in various ways seen. but in germany for the days when we had abundant water supplies are gone to hot st. and in some parts of northern bavaria, there is a dire shortage of water leafy give asa armored skippy this in here in upper franconia. one of the areas hardest hit by water scarcity in germany. regional water authority monitor the ground water level. klaus onset is joined by the moon pies from the no hamburg water authority to conduct checks at a critical measuring sight. readings taken at key points like this will they hope reveal any hidden developments under ground. as the probe is lowered into the ground, a light indicates when it hits groundwater. ziemen pies records the latest data either fits at the me, the vinegar, let's do both intimate is lower than last week, and one and a half mate is lower than last year. and we've been measuring this side since 2012
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. since then, the ground water level has dropped it by 30 meters, grandmother. she to whom we had been oba who love to any of an unknown may escape. we also monitor other measuring sites in bavaria and we've seen that ground water levels are dropping food and are taking longer to be replenished out if the recovering at all what i garnish at horrors. but one if ground water levels continue to sink at this rate, we couldn't actually reached op transel. there's no way we can make any medium or long term predictions. then see if these lengthy dry periods persisted throughout the ground water level will continue to drop ice as a large proportion of the drinking water and bavaria comes from ground water to sleep, then obviously, but they'll be less water available or damage. st. natalie. gov lini got so frugal and one result of the drop in ground water levels is already visible at this. well,
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it supplied $200.00 households with drinking water for over a century. it's this is the well house extending and renovating the well would be costly. michelle baylor, from the regional environmental agency monitors the facility. so i thought fancy so few 2020 we recorded reco lows for grand water levels. and you notice from the discharge that there's less water, a normal this vinegar called and with those levels no longer sufficient. the well is said to be closed while the population here in toys units is growing, the municipal wells and springs are yielding a dwindling supply of water. chris john miller, head of the local utilities maintenance department, accompanies clouds asset and michelle bail out of the communities last remaining. well the also climate change has had
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a particularly bad impact in the dry years. 201320152018. 201920. 20. with a situation that nobody here had expected to escalate as dramatically as it has a suit over a summer. i can't remember us ever having had summer's as dry as the ones we've had over the last 5 or 10 years. and nobody here can remember a summer without any rain at oss to skip the heels and with the last well now also being shut down at toys, it will need to look elsewhere for its water. it's completely strewn of climate change means our wells no longer yield what we need to see, or we're now entirely dependent on a remote water supply. if you've reached, we've noticed a huge change in recent years, right in there for every live cod wrong? yes, it's been brutal to for i'm scared that one day the water here will run out. yeah.
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oh excuse. yeah, that's a community like choice. it's no longer has its own water supply because it's well as have dried up shows how dramatic the situation has become. and how advanced climate change is now and how this is something we will have to adapt to in the future. i'm still missing one of germany's drinking water is already supplied by long distance pipelines from the mouth. house damn, for instance, seen here under construction in the 1970s. the construction of dams causes massive damage to nature, which is why they were disapproved of for so long. but now they are the backbone of water supply in the likes of southern germany. without a long distance water supply big cities like no. hm. bag or votes, book could not survive. a thing was sort of on here. no. like you only had a wanted a torch put in a ticket. if it weren't for the damn field,
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there's no way the water supply in this region could be guaranteed. there a lot of communities and water companies depend on mount house level and on a long distance supply. so because their own water sources can't always meet the needs of people in gossip and industry on a new study, falster needs to take. the water from the dam is fed via pipelines to the regional water association. at the control center director, macos vow shows us the full extent of the long distance water network and bavaria global warming, he explains also presents a growing challenge to companies like his these addictive fun, maxine malware, we had this rapid sequence of peak values in 201820192024 peak temperatures on and low precipitation and swung and it did surprise us for rational from here,
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the company pumps water as far as 140 kilometers without a long distance supply, large parts of bavaria would already be dry as skipped overcoats, elephant, both of us orga other really are major water companies in germany that it was in terms of volume a co, far all ready at their limit that you saw. and they said this quite openly or not in bavaria, but in neighboring bottom rude and back. for example, the thought is this was, it's quite clear that at the moment, no more major lines can be built on, says a floating current remove water supplies, give those affected a sense of security. but what if surface water becomes scarce to professor martine gamble is a member of germany's joint federal and regional working group on water issues. he spent years studying the availability of the resource in the country, thus damage, thus spirited from inside the home phone for the house at garden 30 years ago. no
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one believes that to day the northern europe could be facing a water shortage or is almost weir. i'm masa magnon home, current nozzle, if anything, just an occasional drought to the strength of it, but no one could have envisaged a scenario that would require such strong attention of the foster mison with a dog niema gone. a painful admission. but what does the future hold for us? using her, i'm gleam of and we've now reached a point where we're starting to feel the impact of climate change and many other issues. people are extremely worried that this was to come foot digging into that school in some parts of canada, the speed at which water scarcity is increasing, has been completely underestimated. g. familiarity is
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a hydrologist and the executive director of the global institute for water security at the university of saskatchewan. he's also been a key figure and a joint research mission launched by nasa. the u. s. space agency and d l are it's german counterpart. what we see here is an animation of how the grace mission works there to little satellites. each one is about a meter taller and they're separated by about 200 kilometers. that really work like a scale in the sky. in that they respond to the mass of water on the ground. when a region is losing water, it exerts slightly less of a gravitational tug on the satellites, and they float a little bit higher in their orbits. so by keeping track of the ups and downs of the satellites, we can map out the reaches around the world that are gaining and losing water mass . and we've been doing this for 20 years now. what might sound like science fiction
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is reality. the scientists have been recording massive water losses worldwide. they can forecast droughts and identify which regions are drying out even before the effects are at all tangible. the grace mission shows, for instance, that the u. s. west coast is drying up at an alarming and growing pace. phoenix, arizona. up a city built in the desert, but with its abundance of green lawns, artificial lakes and fountains. there is no indication that water might be scarce here. phoenix is the fastest growing city in america and home to a booming high tech sector, and that makes it a particularly big consumer of water. phoenix is water comes from 450 kilometers away through a long distance pipeline system that runs right through the desert from lake powell . one of the 2 biggest reservoirs in the us, in total, some 40000000 people depend on this water. but the lake,
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which is filled by the colorado river, is at its lowest ever level. a development predicted by j familiarity with the help of satellite data. i was standing at the bottom of the new boat ramp. you can see that at no longer reaches, it just goes up to where these orange barriers are. so both can't be put in water over here. and if you take a look on google maps at my position right now, you'll see that just a few years ago, i would be under water it. so this is where we're at. once upon a time, lake powell was full to the brim as far as the eye could see. originally, the reservoir was to protect the entire west coast from the threat of waters scarcity. that was the plan, at least with interest by the federal government in expense informing, states in the western part of the western part of the territories. and so the
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commission, john wesley paul, to go out and explore the river and he comes back with a recommendation that you know, this is really a non starter. it's really fully dry. of course, you know, you could go big and really try something crazy and try to engineer the river and build giant reservoirs. but, but i really don't recommend that. i don't think that is sustainable in the long run. and what does the government do decides go for the big reservoirs and i radically the name, the reservoir after paul himself. and that's what we know is like paul today. what for decades was seen as a visionary idea for the settlement and future of america's western states. has become their achilles heel. it gives me great, great concern, and i think it gives a lot of people great concern when they see just how far the level has dropped last time i was here and about the same spot. was 303132 years ago
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and this wasn't an issue. we weren't thinking about this back then. we're just here to think about climate change. there is no best to bring visible. so this is, you know, this is the future. this is the future for the western united states. will the water disappear completely? is it only a matter of time? people here face a future with many unknown factors, and also an immense challenge from lake powell, the once mighty colorado river flows through the grand canyon to the next desert metropolis. las vegas america since city is famed for its extravagant aquatic shows. visitors are treated to spectacular fountains, artificial lakes, and even a venetian style hotel complete with singing gondoliers. in the middle of the mojave desert, las vegas draws the water it needs from lake mead. here to the water level is at
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its lowest point in the history of the reservoir, the biggest in america. this road was built as an extension to the boat ramp down to lake mead. james, i mean he has come here to meet scientist kristin abraham. the state of nevada's 1st climate policy coordinator. hey kristin. fred well, here we are. pretty amazing. i know pretty unbelievable. it actually really is. it's actually it's really fat. so i mean, it's pretty apparent you can see where the water used to be up there with where you have that bad, pretty stunning, bath tub ring. and you see that all around the lake and we would have been, you know, hundreds plus feet underwater right now. if the lake actually fall, if we were where we're at, i think it's also starting to think about the fact that you know what this is just
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going to keep going down. i know the odds of like me being full again. pretty much london on. i mean, this really is just climate change right in your face. and it's, it's pretty profound to look at and come out and see. yeah, that's the new reality. i know. i know, and that's, that's pretty scary when you think about that. so how could it come to this? it is a desert landscape, you know, you live in the desert. the thing is, everybody in the western us needs to act like they live and i know we see it all over the place. we're in phoenix and you know what? it's like, i mean, lots of green grass and golf courses and, and the sprinkler shooting great arcs into the air at midday. exactly. i mean, that's all, it's all crazy stuff. yeah, i mean, you know, the way we're going to sustain these desert cities with really, really careful conservation and probably some new thinking about water management. me a daunting challenge in terms of scale and complexity. and the odds will
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everything is just getting dryer and dryer, and we need more and more water increases the water to me. and then the other problems, the supply chain of climate change of fixing. it was easy. we would have done it already. it's crazy. we are in a decades long drought, a mega drought here in the southwest. 1920 years of drought is what we've been experiencing now and drought. i always think about that as being a temporary sort of situation. really, this isn't just drought, this is a read. if occasion, this is, this is a permanent state moving forward for this part of the world to keep its tourism industry buoyant, las vegas still gives the impression of being a city with plenty of water. looks can be deceiving. we're really in a situation where we really need to make sure that everybody is conserving every drop of water possible and for the residence of las vegas years or decades of
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drought. will force them to change their lifestyles. or you know, 20 years ago in southern nevada, we had a lot of grass. everybody had grass in their front yards grass in their back yard. so our community came together and we implemented a lot of conservation programs at one of those programs was an incentive program where we pay people to take out grass and replace it with drip irrigated landscaping. and what that has done is it has reduced our communities consumption of the colorado river by 23 percent since 2002. yet our community has grown by nearly 800000 people during that same time. so we're serving more people with less water to day, and we still have more conservation gains to make. to realise those gains, city authorities are now resorting to more aggressive solutions such as and around
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the clock water patrol. special investigators ensure compliance with the strict water use regulations. i work for the waterways enforcement team for the las vegas valley water district. so what job is to do is to basically drive around the city of las vegas and basically find water with violations. those can range from anything to watering on an assigned day. any kind of malfunction in when his team comes across a violation, like in this case, they issue a fine ah. so how it works is under different kinds of violations that can occur. so this is the file ation. so this property is watering on and assigned to the city of las vegas is divided into 6 separate groups, right? for as of now ac and the water is monday,
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wednesdays and fridays. b. d and water is tuesday, thursday, saturdays, ornamental lawns won't be banned until 2023. but most gardens in front yards have already been turned into gravel beds. i feel like what i do has a purpose. and i love living in las vegas. i love my community and i feel like what i do helps all of us that looks that live here. so i really do enjoy doing. it sounds like it must be very rewarding. it's really, really good. but regional approaches, like the water patrol teams in las vegas are not really a solution to the problem. they're more a drop in the ocean. it is crazy. from a resource availability perspective that we have these mega cities in the desert. i don't know. i think we probably prided ourselves on human ingenuity. yes, we can do it. we can harness the, you know, the water from the colorado river. so a lot of the growth happened with no knowledge of climate change and imperfect knowledge about water availability. so there are really, really tough times ahead for our desert cities. and let's, let's face it, water,
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it's a life blood. so of the cities. and so i'm really concerned actually about their existence. and while water levels in the major reservoirs serving the west of the country have dropped alarmingly in recent years. there is another invisible development also emerging. well, we don't see what's happening underneath the ground. and that's the disappearance of ground water. the ground water is disappearing at 7 times the rate at which this water in lake paul is disappearing. so what does the data from nasa satellite tell us about the surface and the ground water situation in california is a hugely agricultural region produces food for the for the world. gets home to 40000000 people and look over here. this is the silicon valley. this is the world's
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home of technological innovation. technology is incredibly water intensive, and this region is running out of water san francisco, one of the world's major financial centers and the gateway to silicon valley valley water is the silicon valley's most important water company. to day it's inaugurating a new purification facility. ah and this purification center would allow for valley water to provide at least 10000000 gallons per day. a
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high tech answer to a rid of vacation. but will it be enough to quench the regents thirst? the water provider is placing its faith in innovation. my name's gary cram n. i'm a elected board member at valley water and i'm on the valley water board because i wanted to do some public service after a career and technology. a lot of people know me because i invented online dating. i started match dot com. well, i actually want a mix online dating in water conservation to help people save water by finding the closest person to take a shower with the board member gets an on the ground update from his colleague chris hakes on the situation at anderson reservoir. the biggest reservoir in the silicon valley
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this community in general, is actually all serviced through ground water recharge by, by the anderson reservoir. it's got about a $90000.00 acre foot capacity, which is enough to serve about 900008 1000000 residents of santa clara county for about a year. right now, it's down at 3000 acre feet. it's extremely low. and that is a critical juncture in our water supply. we're looking at extreme drought right now . the situation then is more critical than ever. so we are in a really interesting situation. here. we have some of the largest companies in the worlds like google and apple all headquartered here. we have a pretty dense population of 2000000 people in what unified them and what they all need is water. but unfortunately, we have to import our water from hundreds of miles away because we used all our local water already. we've always had to
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import water. okay. the problem we're having is there's no water to import any more . ah, the state of california and the federal government where we would get it from there giving us 0. so there is a real possibility. all we will get is health and safety water, which is a minimum amount of water for drinking and shout ring. and that's it. but what is the water really does run out, and there is no longer enough for the people living and working here. there's a quote about whiskies for drinking, but water's for fighting over. i think we're going to have some epic fighting here . kind of internal civil war over water or mm, i don't want to see it's threatening because i don't want people to panic, but i would be panic. ah brom last garden is an
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acclaimed researcher and writer about the impact of changing climate zones on people around the world. i mean in terms of climate change, i think we're past the wakeup call. i hate to say it or not to say that people have awoken to what the, those risks are. that still happening. the crisis spots of the future he believes will be caused by the changing climatic conditions. for the past 6000 years, humans on planet earth have lived in a relatively narrow band of environmental conditions. climate change is changing where those bands exist. it's pushing them northward and southward, but there is more land in the north. and so we can expect as a result, that human populations over some period of time will move with those bands just as
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they always have cobble capital of afghanistan. a country with a long history of battling aridity. and in recent years, the situation has become more severe with yet another protracted drought. water now only flows from faucets and the wealthier parts of town. a precious luxury for a precious view. and a luxury made possible by water palms and one of the cities suburbs built with the help of technology and funding from germany. what uh, what the list below will good good. the yellow her water is a major issue of the heat. many wells and springs have lower water locals. other was so, but they used to provide between 20 and 30000 cubic meters, low seattle, woocommerce w, them all to day, or the yield between 141-6000. so $20000.00 at the very most month, only daughter,
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izzy. more lunatic. at any rate, the drought has meant our production decreased by 50 percent, telephone time, all the know about her slowly hirschler. ensuring water flows through those tabs and downtown cobble means drawing ground water from a poor district. the locals themselves have literally been left high and dry. don't ever talk bombers can this is a very dry region. and when there's no water, we give out children canisters to bring up water from lower down from it up to 3 canisters per child. 2 but at the moment, there's no water at all, it's all areas that are lower down have wells, but now they've dried up as well. when i'm on good days. children are sent into town to fetch water.
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with on bad days, there's no water at all. ah, a month that came on with them. the problem in this region is that people have no access to clean water. that's the reason why last week, for example, 60 percent of the population were suffering from diarrhea related illnesses of america myself. my me, daily ahmed con has been waiting for days for water to become available again. ah, the money we have a lot of problems to cope with the but the shortage of drinking water is
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particularly bad. we only get water from the tap every 12 or 13 days later. yeah. and even then for no more than an hour or an hour and a half often there is none at all. then i have to come down here to fetch some myself. that is simply not enough water for this region. wadlington. how many people will fight for their water, and how many will simply move on. people are migrating already now as a result of, of climate change to migrating the united states. they're migrating, you know, out of north africa, they're migrating in europe. we see that change by 2070 as many as 3000000000 people could find themselves living outside of this band of ideal environment. that suggests a huge global migration likely to move mostly north of very, very large numbers of people. when water supplies are insufficient, people move to where the water is all over the world. and neither border fences nor the open seas can hold back. people who are desperately in need
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o eater glick from the california based pacific institute has been studying the historical data. civic institute has been studying the historical background to con thing from water scarcity of conflicts over water resources. one of the said we do if a pacific institute, a water conflict chronology it over water violence over water to ancient mesopotamia. but it's also true that in recent years, the number and types of conflicts all have grown enormously. blue for scarcity was also among the factors that triggered the conflict and syria were prices for serials. the result
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and widespread destruction. precisely such conflicts like j familiarity in the united states at the federal level, trying to raise awareness about what we saw b paper on this region. and 2013 we messaging on in about 2009 before the arab spring before the syrian unrest. we did not get a lot of attention. scientists from the grace mission, all block back in 2009, gave a presentation in the white house and it's officials in the pentagon and power there . warnings received. it's incredibly frustrating as a scientist. but 1st of all, is doing this work when you, when you look at the sky to work and you and,
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and what the future holds on me who goes the extra mile to try to do the communication. ah, and then it becomes a exceptionally frustrating when you have an opportunity to have parents in a place like the pentagon or i level congressional committees, but i'm they be dismissed or ignored, but the institute is still fighting. and for this documentary, j assa emissions data for germany with surprising results some of our most recent data and we look solution over germany. what we see is that quite a strong signal for the disappearance of water and on for, for 2 decades now for 2002 up until the present. this is a concern to see all this read. in fact, we can take this map and average it up and do some analysis on it to actually
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compute the overall trend for how much water germany's actually losing what 2.4 cubic kilometers per year. that means in 20 years of the boat and see me yet been made public in germany here, the bavarian environment minister and a professor from the federal and state working group on water where death for the 1st time the he for if you listen to this currently unpublished data supports the picture that we have a systemic deficit. lead to this. this was typically troublesome. is that for a very long time everything seems fine on been changes finally become tangible.
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it's already far too light weight on this. i missed that one. get so worried when graphs like these confirm with the measurements indicate in the american it's been a award is still flowing throughout the life that i can see into the future. and that's and the point. what about doug flowing on, but then it will be too late and done this. i was just putting, this is respect us the team. it's important for everyone to understand that the water situation is a prime important thing. you don't, the state government needs to emphasize the challenge of water on its agenda, and ob has to be among the 1st 5 when this is dictated by the fight for water. god help us canada, and scott as is coming to an end his the salton sea.
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up for decades. lou has become a vivid warning soon mean for us. i walk around this place with a degradation the apocalyptic feel. append to a community that runs out of water. there is no way to survive this. our future really need to stand up and take notice. this could happen anywhere. order is essential for life. if we don't have it,
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this could be our future. must see viewing for our elected officials for our decision makers. they need to know that in many parts of the world, the trajectory that we're on the o ah ah, shift your guide to life and the digital world. explore the latest
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online trends. navigate your way through the digital jungle. get a global perspective. we'll be your guide and show you what's possible. you decide what really matters to you. shift in 15 minutes on d, w. 37 percent. breaking stereotypes in the gambia pool showed them that what milk a new america, even more to female mechanics, opened the 1st garage owned and run by women in their country. the 77 percent in 30 minutes, body w. oh,
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how about taking a few? you could even take a chance on what rearing to ah, don't expect a happy ending. literature list 100 german histories. ah, ah. ah, this is g w. news ally from berlin signs of improvement for injured author. salman rushdie. a day after he was.

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