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tv   Eco India - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  January 24, 2022 1:30pm-2:01pm CET

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most people on our planet, one to live in cities, it's accessible, cutting edge facilities, high o, p, better education, to name just a few that makes city living attractive to so many of the you an estimate that for more than 75 percent of the world's population, this will be a reality by the year 2015. how are cities preparing for the search? what needs to be done today to ensure that cities of the future are environmentally sustainable? that's what we'll talk about today. hello and welcome to eco india. i'm some of that i call lead start in a city i call who will buy more more land in discourse till metropolis is being used to build residential complexes and office spaces. there's been a 62 percent increase in mobile population in the last 3 decades. a trend that's
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expected to continue. one of the impending questions is this. how are we going to ensure that so many people have enough food to eat? and organization in the city is helping people do their bit to tackle this inevitable problem. the can or shalley, albert is and her team. the 1st stuff is to clear that rubbish, andrew preparing the ground for the planting off to meet those chillies. be nuts, and marla bar, greenwich, the groups current. workplace is the rounds of a school in the mid last mon bite. here are the environmental activists are setting up their latest food lot. if you need to compensate for the amount of conquer days, ation is that is happening. so we want battle where though we want to, you know,
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everything you know, that can happen automatically by itself. and it's gone automatically happened when, especially when a lot of the c and a lot of for, you know, open spaces and what used to be, you know, green cover is being taken away. the average temperature in mom might have risen noticeably in recent years. that's mainly because the city has lost around 40 percent of its green spaces over the past 3 decades, along with one 3rd of its water bodies. at the same time, the built up areas have expanded by 66 percent. the food forest, which usually cover just small areas, are designed to recreate green with all over the city. i definitely think that a food forest is an effective solution for the city because it's all, you know, creating an ecosystem by itself. adding, adding a lot of value to the green global, it's going to benefit a lot of fall boards and people and hence livelihood,
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depending on them. the food products were conceived by georgia, my ideals, and his non profit organization turning died. he decided to take action 6 years ago after his mother developed respiratory problems from the poor. quality trees was something that, you know, i was attracted to as a solution to try and fight back the feeling a quality and i decided on the food forest concept. mainly because a food forest is based on a natural living ecosystem. although it takes a few years to establish, we regenerate the soil, we leave emily of the landscape. there are various ideal location for a small pool of water in the middle of the oven jungle, from open spaces on the ground to school, and often ages 2 strips of land between apartment log. this is the color neighborhood near the city center, measuring just 4 meters wide by 44 meters long. this water sniffling between
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buildings was established several years ago. the planting follows us specific system, so that about 8 different layers to use out of your dollars to use you going to shorter to bush's shrubs, grassley a ho basis layer, that a route that a tree bush and in certain bases as even the fun and also you know, the layover, you have water plans as the main idea is to try and cover the surface of it with some form of a root system that sees to the water infiltration and some kind of cover planting up a food forest cost between $15.30 pounds and repeat, or around $360.00 euros. the work is mainly financed through donations. once it's been set up, residency volunteers help out with the upkeep. the forest side essentially biodiversity hot spots for insects and birds,
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and locals benefit to go pirates. i mean, like the idea of the advantage of having a food forest is that we have free access to all these food. i think it's quite incredible to have this option in the middle of the city like come by myself and it is especially good for the younger generation is a, was coff either. georgia medial is provides regular updates on social media used to work in the advertising industry, but gave up his regular job to focus on the forests. in this post, he explains the principle of food for us and how it can help with waste management . in a food forest, i can manage literally tons of wrist. we've taken over 5 tons of bio mass from the surrounding areas and we've done this thing called b marching. so much is basically like a cover like it's like having thought over your skin. it protects the soy reduces the evaporation as it breaks down and degrades. it forms composed forms nutrient
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rich layers of soy and a habit that for all gains of 3 b, girlies, which we considered as best friends as they break everything down and create new layers aside. lots of saplings. i needed to plant the forest. and here to there are plenty of volunteers willing to help grow, you know, mean 10. madison uses the balcony, offered apartment number to nurture to me, tools to leave and being a plant ready for planting. i. they did decide because newspaper being alive, dna, and very fond of reading newspapers. i came across i because i contacted him. so i wanted to be a small part of the big movement despite all the help, it hadn't been easy for george remained us. some of the plans in the forest have
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died because they didn't get enough water, but his texas shows he's on that ice boss. he's already planted 12 o'clock by with many more plants for the future. now if you are a resident of room by like me, dealing with torrential reasons is a part of life. but in many parts of the world, climate change. among other reasons, he's causing unseasonal and heavy reasons where the forecasts often provide a reliable update for the wider geographical region like a city, state or country, but may prove unreliable for smaller geographies. a scientist in germany is now developing a new more precise e i supported reentry dot rubato visited him to find out how it works. one day in 2018 you, leon hoffman rushed into central arkwin on his bike, a storm cloud scattered overhead of godaddy zane and monterey institute's weather
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radar wood went by the time i reached the city center, and there were already a few puddles of water. and then the storm really hidden, i just half an hour later, most of the inner city was flooded. a laza, a hydraulic engineer hoffman. as meeting maximilian knew sla from the arkan fire department. on that day. he was one of the 1st to arrive at the scene. towns and villages across the region were flooded in a matter of minutes. the emergency services were overwhelmed with calls and struggled to cope. if these birds either sunday church shows how much damage flash flooding can do right now, we're at kaiser plot. you can see that the streets here were completely flooded. drive us were taken by surprise in a situation like that. it's not even possible to coordinate the streets in china. we never know with the rain will be heaviest and what damage will cause. we also, thanks to technology developed by you. leon hoffman often is the 1st german city
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with a risk based early warning system for pluto flash floods. first, he used to drone to create a cartography of the entire city. the heavy rainfall simulation shows the water flows to the lowest part of the city. the kaiser plat square the data for the pilot project is supplied by a weather radar house in an industrial park on the outskirts of the city of her. it's a meteor, logical gauge for such a measure or estimate rainfall, or other forms of precipitation in a given area on that ego. where all of them need are flux, oper, donaldson, yet in the way it works is it emits a signal that interacts with the precipitation. and it's then relayed back to the radar. on done, we don't follow it from other this data allows you leon hoffman to make a precise prediction about which areas will be most affected. not cancer come on,
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and you can see it very clearly when you look at the simulation and evaluated. this is vasa, that's actually the water flows along the street and goes around ben's when t o and from the finish. i know is here is a small traffic island which is factored in, looks like so. the water flows along it and then reaches a local low point on soon m look on teeth. this is the vest bonham station and under past that was flooded in 2018 and rendered inaccessible. mab, fabiola such an early warning system could be hugely beneficial in countries like india, where extreme rain of answer increasingly common flash flooding is a bigger threat in india than in any other country in the world. apart from bangladesh, here late inside monsoon periods, obviously have to be taken into account via their feel. langer words, i time of these are much longer stretches of heavy rain. i was under it as more day and i could set side energy. the models should still be able to provide short term
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predictions, however, the system would 1st have to be modified on mucus 1st hoffman plans to calibrate it more precisely to conditions and ask him he's working together with the city of authorities and the emergency services we've got a if a hospital is affected or a private home where exactly and with the water will be vacant. no super windows is it just needs to be formulated in simple terms or spanish. and so no meteorological jargon property like terms, every one can understand it and he says on investment, for example, 50 leaders per square meter, little 3 caught me in or on the water level of so in so many centimeters in your home. and that's what owns us 5 wouldn't really help the fire department and the general public kieran aren't often and he's at watson deposits and they can refer to the map and the forecast rock to prepare for an event. every city faces
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different challenges and there's no silver bullet against climate disasters. but with his early warning system, all him now has a tool to tailor its response to any future flooding. emergency now normally is oil and gas made the relatively small european country, very rich law regents on more money compared to other europeans. the capital city also is a small city about 700000 people live here. most of them like all slow because the city has invested a lot to become environmentally sustainable over the us as low as one of europe's fastest growing cities. a challenge the norwegian capital is meeting with, among other things, innovative architecture also changed radically. the last 20 is um, the cars has been taken out of the city center, and there has been build
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a lot of cultural buildings as well along the harbor main, mainly. and then it's become a more lively, open and welcoming city i, i suppose, architect animals. linda has been watching the development of ost, lowe's urban planning for some time. right up to the late 19 ninety's shipping containers and heavy traffic dominated the bureau to be co waterfront quarter. to date people, culture and the environment take precedence. one exam is the diamond yard vicar library. the building causes very low emissions and thus meets the norwegian, passive house criteria. it 6 floors, offer a variety of spaces to work and study in some feel like an urban living room. it's a melting point. viper. hopeful to citizens of all slow everybody can come here, but it's also em sustainable in the way it's built. but also like you can't park half when since you have to use public transport. there's so many aspects within
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the building which is really sustain, not far from the library in the neighborhood again, but again, is the new national museum. the facade is covered with norwegian slate, a highly durable natural material. foss low plans to become climate neutral by 2030. among other strategies, the city has a mobility concept that favors bicycles and public transportation. there are purchase subsidies and lower vehicle taxes for electric cars, as well as a good e car sharing infrastructure. another showcase project is vulcan. it used to be an industrial park, but now the area is car free with energy efficient, residential and commercial building and a market whole with an integrated power plant that generates energy for vulcan from geothermal and solar panels. what's really special about the can is that it's,
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it's a city within the city and it's a mist mixture between the re use of old industrial architecture. and then i mixed with new buildings. so it's kind of a really vibrant tub within our slow. i'm with this remarkable mixture between you and old animals also stand to benefit from aust lowe's green strategy. the keeper, alexander dorothea, keeps 45, hives on ost, lowe's roof tops. the thriving bees help keep ecosystems intact. a so called b highway runs through offload supply and pollen for the b b hi way it works like that. we have plant b friendly flowers, road crossing the whole city center. so the beast can flying around without to get problem to find the resources that we have in
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other cities can learn a great deal from off flow and it sustainable concepts for the future. the trick allah was an average down in greece with about 60000 inhabitants until it got a new mayor in 2014. he started to change it into a modern smart city. drones for transportation of medicines are being tested into color at the moment, and that to connect the elderly and disabled to caregivers is being tried out. we visited the city to find out how to come. knology is helping solve self. it's common problems. tree cannot man dimitris proper to you won't let an occasional internet crash cantu him. not even with a delegation from his german sister city, looking over his shoulder that gathered in the town halls, control room. but from here, the 1st smart city in greece is operated local races of the german guests
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are impressed. ben, yes, said the infirm, a computer scientist, myself, and to be honest, there are step ahead of us. we can learn something from them as most men was, was on the phone and via lennon. from here, the staff can monitor how many parking spots are occupied. the municipal water pumps power usage for the street lighting, and even how full the dumpsters are. puppets to you is aiming for a green and energy efficient talent. he admits he'll need far more than a high tech control room in the bush. equal to this isn't just about the new technologies, wouldn't it's about a new way of thinking that we need here in greece. yet, recently we've seen her, the old thinking, got us, you keep up with me. for example, breaking the habit of going everywhere by car man passed are you rides his bike, where he can 3 colors become known as the countries bicycle, friendliest town. the otherwise average community of over $80000.00 in central
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greece is exploring other tech solutions such as the lecture mobiles, the man brought in for the towns. officials a modest 1st step towards what he envisions as a greek silicon valley. ah, after was, wouldn't the human we have the advantage of our central location in greece. man, i'd like to see a young creative startup subtle here. usually get with right thinking we can stop to migration to the big cities. and when the young people back hold on, because women george's crystal moto says in the vanguard of the young tech elite, he's helping the regions farmers achieve better crop yields their with gun measure all the humidity that a lady from me to deal with atmosphere. there she made the in the soil, the deborah to hear the barometric pressure and cover customers solutions for the farming is. and because we have a may or that these open minded that to keep monsieur back at the town hall,
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the open minded man is showing his guest from amberg. the next innovation a machine for printing official documents and forms. for now it just prints tests sheets. the greek government won't accept electronic signatures. this also left the, instead of supporting us, the government and its agencies are always tossing wrenches in the works that the problem of them. so we try to find ways to get around to government agencies. we're not going to let them slide down the ideas to make dealing with the city government . unlike the federal agencies as an bureaucratic, as possible for the people of tree color, whether applying for building permits or marriage certificates. every email receives a prompt answer, given i thought my application by internet and i picked it up today, completely processed. citizen service is also play. a major role in parking in town drive is confined and pay for parking spot using an app tree can. i won't be resting on its laurels
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a self driving many baths will be in service here. ideas like these have brought praise for tree collar and money to energy and cost efficient management of help the town reduce its debt. bowden, by almost half 3 can i is setting an example for the rest of greece. the way out of financial crisis is the smart way. those of us who live in concrete jungles understand the value and the need for green spaces, box and gardens help improve a quality and a micro climate of cities. but in booming real estate markets and with sorting land prices, their d prioritized, an alternative to create green lungs in cities may still be available. let's see how this design a hotel is a green oases in the middle of the german capital. it features a garden in the courtyard, plants on the roof and ivy on its facade. the project is the brainchild of berlin.
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bass architect, you oh, elmwood grinned to answer and amman grew into that gotten it's not a garden also has a nice climate to touch, very quiet here inside the courtyard and the humidity is pleasant. if i could get me at the moment, you walk in it, does you good hoot oh, the stablish man is set to open soon as a hotel in the center of bill in it used to house a detention center for women and juveniles. this former prison wing is now the hotels corridor. all state prison cells have been turned in some modern hotel rooms . traces of the past are visible everywhere, and the building is classified as a historical monument. of course, you need a great deal of sensitivity and you have to make a lot of your case by case decisions about what to keep on what to change and how to change it to be. the most crucial part was the moment of transformation, creating a positive atmosphere and banishing the elements of the sea in the buildings. his
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own foreman is an honest home shaft. see above, in the numerous plants and trees create an update ambiance inside and out. the architect, you are deliberately incorporated them and they cover nearly half the surface area . and then he'll want a shot. if you look down here, you can see how we've added plenty of greenery to every space possible. as we've removed courtyard flooring and planted vegetation. and it benefits the whole urban ecosystem. when architects build new buildings or convert old ones, this way i'll have, i think about and on. and the courtyard of the architecture firm is very green to the jew. a has been collaborating since 1991. in addition to studying the impact of plans on people's well being and the environment practice, they also instruct theory at a university. palmetto grew into answer even wrote a book about the topic, entitled quota texture. the term comes from the latin word for garden hotels and the english wood architecture hashed in edison problem have. it's clear there are
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problems these days with lots of rainfall, for example, and air quality. and so it's just nice to encounter places, but nature in our private lives are at work. it boosts our quality of life. vacuums . plenty to us on the architecture means not just incorporating plants but consisting of plan ah, out plants. green architecture is also meant to protect the climate. one famous structure is the boscoe, vertically or vertical forest. in milan, italy, boasting, or the 900 trees, it was conceived by italian architect stephano boring. ready across europe, visionary buildings are springing off where plants play and may drove like the grained waste incineration plan. a coven hill in copenhagen by danish architect, bianca ingles, or curb bergen spy. in dusseldorf, by german architect christa of england, hovan a building shall holding 30000 hedges across
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the globe designs by the single po based whoa, ha, aquatics shine as green superlatives like this multi story luxury hotel with swimming pool conceived as a grain oases. right. in the middle of densely populated cinnapool, back in berlin, the latest project by grew into her answer is a public park on the top of a private building. construction is about to begin with that has it in no global. it's really a global challenge. and that's why there are architects worldwide tackling at a net. and i think we should network more. oh, i want to develop strategies together to better address the need to add extensive green spaces to building. i'd like to incorporate these demands in policy making world wide. and they all stand to benefit a little fun quote to texture presents a sustainable architectural style for the cities of the future. ah, the time to build green spaces is now the time to use sticks knology to foster
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environmental sustainability is now the time to act on moving away from fossil fuels is now i hope this episode has given you some perspective on how environmental sustainability in cities is possible and already under way, i'll see you again next week with many more such thought provoking stories until then. goodbye, and thanks for watching the news. news . news. ah ah,
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with who i
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am the battle against cove, with the oma calling variant is putting healthcare systems around the world to the test vaccination campaigns are accelerating while restrictions are intensifying once again. but are these measures enough to stop the spread of omicron fax data and reports? you know, weekly coping 19 special every thursday on d, w. p is a master of the art of confrontation. this is wrong. a veteran of verbal combat. i mean, you're gonna, we, we are twice the undisputed champion of tough political talk. you trying to frighten people? no, i so far, everybody on the side there, except you enter the conflict zone and join tim sebastian as he holds the powerful to account. this is a big failure, whichever way you like to spin, because o d, w these are your 5 keys to safer food.
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one keeps clean to prevent contamination. separate raw and cooked foods to avoid cross contamination. cook thoroughly to kill microorganisms. i keep food at safe temperatures and by the cold to prevent bacterial growth. no use safe water and sea raw materials to avoid contaminate food producers are the ones primarily responsible for the safety of the food you buy. but you can protect yourself and your family from diseases in the home by plying
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the 5 keys to safer food use them. you also have a role to play. ah ah ah ah, this is the w news live from.

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