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tv   Made in Germany - Mobility innovation - The future of travel  Deutsche Welle  January 13, 2022 7:30am-8:01am CET

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hello guys, this is the 77 percent the platform with, you know, or this channel. we are not afraid to happen delicate the tub because population is growing fast. and young people clearly have the solution. the future belongs to the 77 percent. now every weekend on d w ah, ah ah, ah, ah. doesn't it feel great moving really fast
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while not having to move at all? being snuggled up in your seat, sipping a beverage while the world outside is hurling by. since it's emergence high speed travel has always fascinated people. but with the asian industries, carbon footprint coming under ever growing scrutiny. we want to take a look at alternatives, innovative mobility. that's our topic this week on made one of these ideas. one that's pretty off, the wall is to send humans through a tube, pneumatic post style engineers and scientists in london. and new york 1st started experimenting more than a 150 years ago. ah, but authority is deemed the idea of human tubal a travel too dangerous and expensive, but ultimately survived was a system for light goods like mail, but the dream of sending humans on a high speed journey through tubes lives on. the hyper lube has been starting to
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take shape is this a look ahead to the future world of travel? if so, the 1st test run of a hyperlink with passengers on board was a successful sneak preview. ultimately the pods are set to raced down the tubes that speeds of up to 1200 kilometers an hour. it seemed that we would be dre driving on high building. yes. it would drastically reduce journey times in the us . the trip from cleveland to chicago would take just 28 minutes, 3 times quicker than current airline options. but how safe is it? you can a new a sub with all effect promotes i, it's easy. many questions still remain. is the hyperlink going nowhere fast, or is it a mobility revolution? this man came up with the idea in 2013 why this man has also brought
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a lot of money on board. but for once, this fellow billionaire isn't yet involved. california based hyper loop t t is among the company's looking to perfect the concept. it has a staff of $800.00 world wide and $31000000.00 us dollars in seed funding. but with the new technology 1st needing approval, the firm has been working with the german inspection agency. we had this brought in over a glacial 9 technology, sometimes in before number one nation. so we were working very, very hard or so we're the 1st company developing, we still shoot a company, but we'll add to the framework the end of the day, you'll have a renewal at a time where we can multiple people like or, or even more groups constructing hyperlink tubes is an expensive undertaking, one kilometer would cost about $60000000.00 us dollars. the plan route in india from puna to move by is under ground, making it even more costly but reducing the risk of terror attacks. building that route would cost
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a $1000000000.00 us dollars. some that scare off investors. we demonstrated, i believe, could be bribing the finance and you know, good half a buyback period so far. i'm 25 here. so basically that's in grid. i am public subsidies on taxpayers and one and the numbers were based on the fact that the ticket was like 75 percent of the cost of the actual tickets. you know, in, for the same groups in all the modules for facial are traveling by hyper loop as much in common with the journey into space. astronauts are surrounded by a vacuum. the near vacuum conditions and the hyperlink tube serve to reduce air friction and drag, making super high speeds possible. but if the pod developed a leak, the passengers would be dead within seconds. none of the hybrid projects have found the solution for that yet, including the german one based in munich. ah, because he was at his desk. in that event the pod would have to break very swiftly
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. my passengers would get oxygen masks as in an aircraft. they're all possibilities we can consider for certain areas actually because of his to cost intensive, it won't make sense financially. and it can't be made a success if i have huge safety problems. or if i have to install very, very expensive systems to solve them. so will the hyper loop remain just a dream? the logistics industry hope not. prospect of the freight is definitely easier than passengers because the safety requirements are low with no people on board. the port of hamburg is working with hyperlink t t on new concepts for speeding up container transportation. i could, i can hyperlink is not suitable for short distances for middle or long distances. you know, that's, that's what we're considering is an inland range crossing more than 300 kilometers,
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connecting to really big hubs, a root carrying very large quantities of containers over dependably long periods. oh, sure likely would make sense in that context. and then the, the next step is to build proper longer test with including bands which are a challenge due to the speeds involved. hyper loop would then be able to prove it feasibility for long haul travel and keep up the pace. and the hype me managing bench while i'm sure that was also a challenge back in 1835. when the 1st steam powered locomotive and germany, the other started chugging away at 30 kilometers per hour. now, fast forward 180 years and were talking some serious increases in speed with more than 300 kilometers per hour. bullet train start across the launch,
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connecting distant places quickly and conveniently. and they can be a powerful political tool like in china, which built what is now the world's biggest high speed rail network. in record time, oh, nice. the trains are fast, efficient, and low carbon. they can be found all over the world and no numbers. you can take one from here, or here, or even here, but who takes the cake for the world's best high speed rail system. china, a little more than a decade, china felt almost 40000 kilometers, have high speed rail, connecting nearly every major city in the country. china now counts for roughly 2 thirds of the world's high speed rail volume, outstripping both japan and e. you. meanwhile, in europe, only 11000 kilometers of high speed rail are currently used according to the worldwide railway organization. and forget about the u. s. it barely even has one.
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so how to china do it? can other countries even come close to achieving the same? and what too expensive lizards have to do with it. di didn't invent high speed rail, but boy, up, they adopted the idea of run with it. this is mark smith, otherwise known as the man and seat, 61. he runs one of the internet's most popular train. so he rides a lot of them, like alive. they all now streets ahead of any of the high speed oak writer, in terms of the network they've built. it's incredibly, one organized every one on the high speed network has their own reserved seat and they've got all the boarding process is down. today you can get from bayesian to shanghai, a distance of 1300 kilometers in just 4 hours. you can go from north to south from beating the clock towel in 8 hours instead of $22.00 on
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a regular train. and if you really wanted to, you could take a bullet train to to that, a 3000 meters above sea level, with automated oxygen supply and tinted windows. so you don't get sunburned at such high altitude. so how was all of this even possible? well firstly, because they could do it for a bargain price in china, a kilometer of high speed truck cost, 17 to 21000000 in europe, the price tag is 25 to 39000000. china's infrastructure blue was and is a matter of, you know, political will, but also the ability to mobilize massive amounts, cheap labor, which is connected to, you know, cheap materials. this is cecilia han springer who does research on the environmental impact of china's infrastructure policy making. when they take a massive amount of steel and aluminum and other really carbon intensive materials
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and which are, you know, sourced from domestic producers and using domestic producers. of course the economy by the 2008 beijing olympics. china had already opened its 1st high sky line from basing to tenzing that ran at 350 kilometers an hour. they started was the 4 by 4 net, like say, 4 north south or east to west. and that was around 20 oak for david fung as an independent researcher specializing in china's high speed rail network. though he's currently sitting in a car, he's probably taken even more training than mark smith to deal with the financial crisis in the late 20 hundreds. the idea was, by what extent pause all the fall by for network and, and off to was around the met 20 chance they were like, white. this isn't going to be enough. we need to double the whole network. it's
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going to be 8 by 8. not all by 4, except to do that, you also have to move a lot of people out of the way. china has been swift and ruthless about relocating residence. and if you don't want to move well, they'll just build around you until you do. ah, but it's not just people you have to germany stick god rail station, for example, has been planned since 1995, but is nowhere near done. ah, it's faced endless budget and planning problems including lizards in 2017. the delayed project was further derailed when george had been claimed, it would have to resettle endangered lizards at a cost of $15000000.00 euros. that's a budget of 224000 euros per lizard. not in china. chinese legal coach allowed, you know, basically the
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a thorough cheese to basically yeah, i china doesn't have that issue because they can just exercise eminent domain and people out of their fields. i'm not saying that's good, but it definitely enabled, you know, the development of that now. 2013 china had built 10000 kilometers of high speed rail. just about the total amount currently in use in the whole of europe. and it doesn't have to worry about profitability. many lines are running and huge operating losses. why politics? of course, i think the numbers for themselves, if it's not economically viable in the near term or even the medium term, there's gotta be something else going on, right. and i think that thinking of those hinterlands of china, like changing into bat that you mentioned was, you know, more part of belton, erode initiative type of program with, you know,
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clear geopolitical goals alongside economic one, china's high feed story has been so successful that trains could actually dominate commercial travel, which boats pretty well for the countries goal to be carbon neutral by 2016. but there's another factor in its favor. flying in china sucks. it's airports are consistently ranked the worst in the world for punctuality, the plains i was used to delay. so up to $567.00. i got back in beijing horn a morning. when i was supposed to be at home like about 10 we left. he can thank the military for that. it controls roughly 3 quarters of china's aerospace. so that means that commercial flights have to wait until the army gives the go ahead for take off. and guess who that's good for. the rails have basically yet out to be just the yeah, the airline companies like say for example, between various and china to central china, that is my roots,
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which were very big with the airline is before high speed, the rail weiss up, been able to attract. so many more customers, that size of pretty much ceased to retreat east. these are, you know, metropolitan pat, building all of this is carbon intensive. but all in all china's push for rails still greatly reduces its long term footprint. and for the world's biggest c o 2 emitter, that's a big payoff for the planet. the, china's story is nowhere near the end. the country is aiming to double its high speed network by 2035, taking 827-0000 kilometers of trucks. as if that weren't enough, the government recently made a big splash or on the roll out of its fastest maglev train. you heard that right? magnetic levitation which goes up to 600 kilometers an hour. it's the world's fastest land vehicle. so can other countries do the same
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it will not in my life. i mean, the biggest issue in europe is the fragmentation, different approaches with blink is all looking at the right bit and not seeing the big picture, or it has its own rail agency, but it has no legal power to regulate projects or enforce deadlines. this makes cross border coordination of schedules and fairs. kind of a mass. ah say you wanted to go from madrid to rome by high speed train. you need 4 different ones to get there. barcelona paris tour and then rome. the whole chip will take you over 49 hours and you'll have to book each like separately from different providers. ah, shanghai to, to do is roughly the same distance as major to rome, which runs on a single high speed train line and takes 11 hours. with one click. though it
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doesn't look like any one will catch up with china soon that the country has shown one way at high speed rail future could be realized. not all these fast trains and china, they are only as clean as the electricity which powers them. and most of that is generated by burning coal, but mobility needs to become greener as well. here in germany, hydrogen is to help chemically store solar or wind energy. it could also be an alternative to battery run electric cars, even though moles big manufacturers have stopped pursuing the idea for now. could hydrogen be a real alternative when it comes to powering a world while a community in the north of germany is testing right now? if the idea has legs, if only are exhaust pipe submitted just water mice, as the driver, you know, you're the only thing producing c o $22.00, it's by putting the whole world can learn something here on the hydrogen production
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facilities and both could be a blueprint for the rest of the world, and they're proud of what they've achieved. as tastic, we can produce it unused it locally a policy and looking for women japanese fond to see a trailblazing pilot project. this region is endeavoring to switch from fossil fuels to hydrogen, isn't working. and what is it costing local? for a few weeks now to hydrogen powered buses have been running on the scheduled rates . several refueling stations have had to be built for the project here. cause can also fill up with hydrogen. what does the driver think about his new bath? fits with the great thing is that it's so quiet, you only hear the electric motor and steering gear. otherwise it's silent, it's been up to the fine of course with
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passengers on board. you can hear their talk sometimes. that's not so nice. but at some point you switch off and focus on other things like the traffic we too much been in trouble, but yeah. but is the bus really fit for everyday use? after is hardly, it's sometimes difficult to refuel him at a time crunch the bus and the refueling facility aren't communicating with one another unless it's a software problem. but that can be solved news and a few software update should fix it exploded as good as. so this is the half of the hydrogen project that was in this here is our electrolyzer. will y'all open it? andre shine now got the pilot project off the ground. his company operates the electrolyzer, which cost several 1000000 years here. hydrogen is made from water. the process needs a lot of electricity. believe him myths and poverty. we have a grid bottleneck here. charges of wind turbines are actually forced to shut down
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and we have periods of excess electricity. i'm the one in effect. we wondered what to do with this electricity. i did use the school rather than wasted. we wanted to use this energy, let's door it and use it when renewables aren't available. we aren't just feeding it back into the grid, but using it in other sectors looking like mobility and heating, who will be more visited with them. and this is how it's done. with the help of the wind power purified tap water is split into oxygen and hydrogen. the hydrogen is then transported to the local hydrogen refueling stations. a lot of heat is generated in the process of creating hydrogen. this is fed into the district heating grades, enabling buildings to be heated carbon free in the nearby village of busby. max boom is one of the beneficiaries. he says he hasn't had any problems with it. so far to them is not home to the heating and the buses are just the beginning. of
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course it would be nice if there were also one or 2 hydrogen powered cars parked outside of also to see that. but at the moment, not everyone could afford it so that we also couldn't afford it hasn't gone. but i think the future looks promising. definitely for 2 got taken to a hydrogen powered car costs approximately twice as much as the equivalent diesel model. there are only 30 on the road in the region to now filling up is also pricey to cover 500 kilometers. it costs 50 years compared with $47.00 euros for a diesel, and $25.00 for an electric con. as of imbeciles longer, we have to get used to the fact that a green economy is more expensive than a fossil fuel based economy division. that's the price we pay for climate protection $1000.00. the we're all interested in saving our world with this technology has been around for a long time,
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but it still is early stages in muffin and it hasn't been put to large scale use. and that will make it cheaper if i walk instead of it. the people here think that in just a few years, this climate friendly energy will cost the same as conventional energy. the example share the technology is already fit for every day ease of course, it's not only people that need to make it from a to be in a certain amount of time. the central goods for our daily lives have to as well. no . a banana bull travel weeks on a freighter from south america to europe, only to be then often thrown away because of a couple of dark spots or because they're squishy here and there. around $1300000000.00 tons of food are wasted around the world every year. mainly in industrialized countries, how to avoid that mo, extending shelf life could be an option crews and vegetables rotting in feels
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or during transportation to consumers. according to the un food and agricultural organisation or f o, some 14 percent of food is lost after harvesting. and before it reaches the market or retailer. if you go to a particular country or particular clinic, you are likely to see varying levels of food losses. and these, depending on the situation would go up even to 50 percent. if you're talking about a, let's say fruits and vegetables. for example, if the former does not find the market for that particular food product in a timely basis, now this is huge amount of food. and if you, you convert it into our monetary quantity. this is a lot and if you read it as well into a loss to the environment or the environmental impact that is also huge.
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when that happens, water, pesticides, and resources used for transportation are all wasted. some 7 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions can be traced back to food loss and waste. the chief causes include problems. the transportation on refrigeration to pop from harvest to kitchen table is a race against time. a california based company appeal sciences might be able to help founder james rogers and his team have developed a liquid that could extend the shelf life of fruits and vegetables. appeal is a little exactly like it sounds peel that we apply to the surface a fresh produce. you can't see it, you get a feeler, but it slows down the factors to cause the fruit to age. it helps even without
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refrigeration appeal as a liquid coating that tries into a kind of edible skin. the cozying helps to produce last up to 4 times as long that buys time time to transport, to produce, to storage on to eat it before it spoils. appeal is based on lippitt and other natural compounds found in fruits and vegetables there extracted and blended into a taylor made solution by combining them in the right ratios when they dry a dry into an arrangement that allows us to control the factors that cause fruit to age which are basically water going out and oxygen going. yeah. so same materials were just teaching them a new trick by finding the right formula to apply to different kinds of produce and or to give them the same kind of protection that you'd have on a lemon. on
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a cucumber or on a avocado dutch wholesaler nature's pride, sell some $120000.00 tons of fruits and vegetables a year. they import from 59 countries, especially latin america. in rotterdam, the importance produced continues to ripen before it's sorted, packed, and shipped to the retailer. spoilage a waste is a common problem in the industry, but the company hopes to minimize these losses in the future. human throw food away . they actually bought it and they don't use it. and that cost money. so in the chain, if we don't throw it away, you don't spend that money wrongly with a b o, we can reduce food waste was 60 percent at the retailer level. food that used to london, the trash can now be sold every day. nature's pri, treat 6 tons of avocados with appeal before sending them to supermarket shelves across europe. the main customers are in scandinavia, germany,
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and the netherlands. natures. pride is the 1st company in europe to use appeal. they're planning to start treating other kinds of fruits and vegetables soon. and that's our show for this week. thanks for watching sir soon, and take care. ah, ah ah ah ah, with
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ah ah, ah, economic crisis in turkey is hitting them especially hard in one of his temples, garbage collectors. every day he hunts for recyclables to receive
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a mere pittance in return. and now the recycling operation has been outsourced to large corporations at the worst possible time with disastrous consequences for emma focus on europe. in 30 minutes on d. w into the conflict zone with tim sebastian. on come pick zone this week, ethiopia civil war. now more than a year old and showing no sign of anger, o sites are accused of unspeakable atrocities that are deborah the minister for democratization. and he joined me from the capital a to phil. this is a complete zone b 90 minutes on d. w. o.
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green, do you feel worried about the planet we to i'm mil, host of the on the green fence post coast. and to me it's clear we need to change the solutions or alpha join me for a deep dive into the green transformation. for me to do with american home, any portion of land a 3rd out in the world right now, climate change off the store. this is my plastic waste from just one week. how much was going to really get we still have time to go. i'm going with his subscriber all morning. he was like
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with this is d. w. do is coming to you live from berlin. no bad joke. a bitch is selected in the draw for the australian open tennis tournament, but he's still awaiting a decision from australia's immigration minister on.


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