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tv   Made in Germany - Mobility innovation - The future of travel  Deutsche Welle  January 13, 2022 3:30am-4:01am CET

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ah, we'll go to the dark side where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. were organized crime rules. were conglomerates make their own laws? shed light on the opaque worlds who's behind the benefits and why are they a threat to whistle o peak wolf? this week on d w ah, ah ah ah ah.
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doesn't it feel great moving really fast while not having to move at all? being snuggled up in your seat, sipping a beverage while the world outside is hurling by. since it's emergence high speed travel has always fascinated people. but with the asian industries, carbon footprint coming under ever growing scrutiny. we want to take a look at alternatives, innovative mobility. that's our topic this week on mate. one of these ideas, one that's pretty off, the wall is to send humans through a tube pneumatic post style engineers and scientists in london. and new york 1st started experimenting more than a 150 years ago. ah, but authority is deemed the idea of human tubal a travel too dangerous and expensive, but ultimately survived was a system for light goods like male, but the dream of sending humans on
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a high speed journey through tubes lives on. and the hyper lube has been starting to take shape. is this a look ahead to the future world of travel? if so, the 1st test run of a hyperlink with passengers on board was a successful sneak preview. ultimately the pods are set to raced down the tubes that speeds of up to 1200 kilometers an hour. it seemed that we would be dre driving a hyperlink. yes. that would drastically reduce journey times in the us. the trip from cleveland to chicago will take just 28 minutes, 3 times quicker than current airline options. but how safe is it? you can a new a sub with that. oh, not that promotes i. it's easy. many questions still remain. is the hyperlink going nowhere fast, or is it a mobility revolution?
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this man came up with the idea in 2013 why this man has also brought a lot of money on board. but for once, this fellow billionaire isn't yet involved. california based hyper loop t t is among the company's looking to perfect the concept. it has a staff of $800.00 world wide and $31000000.00 us dollars in seed funding. but with the new technology 1st needing approval, the firm has been working with the german inspection agency. we had this broan and over a glacial night, really some things in before. number one nation. so we were working very, very hard or shall. we're the 1st company developing, we still shoot a company that will enter the framework the end of the day. you'll have a little at a time where we cannot, which people are like, oh, or even more groups constructing hyperlink tubes is an expensive undertaking. one kilometer would cost about $60000000.00 us dollars. the plan route in india from puna to move by is underground,
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making it even more costly but reducing the risk of terror attacks. building that route would cost a $1000000000.00 us dollars some that scare off investors. we demonstrated, i believe, could be bribing the finance and you know, good half a buyback period so far. i'm 25 here. so basically that's in grid. i am public subsidies on taxpayers and one and the numbers were based on the fact that the ticket was like 75 percent of the cost of the actual tickets, you know, in for the same groups in all that emotional facial are traveling by hyper loop as much in common with the journey into space. astronauts are surrounded by a vacuum. the near vacuum conditions in the hyperlink tube served to reduce air friction and drag, making super high speeds possible. but if the pod developed a leak, the passengers would be dead within seconds. none of the hyperlink projects have found the solution for that yet, including the german one based in munich. ah,
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because he was in that event, the pod would have to break very swiftly. my passengers would get oxygen masks as in an aircraft. they're all possibilities. we can consider for certain areas, actually because of his to cost intensive, it won't make sense financially. and it can't be made a success if i have huge safety problems. or if i have to install very, very expensive systems to solve them. so will the hyper loop remain just a dream? the logistics industry hope not process of the freight is definitely easier than passengers because the safety requirements are low. we know people on board the port of hamburg is working with hyperlink t. t on new concepts for speeding up container transportation. i could like. hyperlink is not suitable for short distances, for middle or long distances. you know, that's,
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that's what we're considering is an in landry crossing more than 300 kilometers, connecting to really big hubs. a root carrying very large quantities of containers over dependably long periods. oh, likely would make sense in that context. and then the next step is to build proper longer test with including ben, which are a challenge due to the speeds involved. hyper loop would then be able to prove it feasibility for long haul travel and keep up the pace. and the height, me managing bench while i'm sure that was also a challenge back in 1835. when the 1st steam powered locomotive and germany, the other started chugging away at 30 kilometers per hour. now, fast forward 180 years and were talking some serious increases and speed with more
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than 300 kilometers per hour. bullet train start across the launch, connecting distant places quickly and conveniently. and they can be a powerful political tool like in china, which built what is now the world's biggest high speed rail network. in record time, oh hi, speed trains are fast, efficient, and low carbon. they can be found all over the world and phone numbers. you can take one from here, or here, or even here, but who takes the cake for the world's best high speed rail system. china. a little more than a decade, china is built almost 40000 kilometers of high speed rail, connecting nearly every major city in the country. china now counts for roughly 2 thirds of the world's high speed rail volume, outstripping both japan and e. you. meanwhile, in europe,
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only 11000 kilometers of high speed rail are currently used according to the worldwide railway organization. and forget about the u. s. it barely even has one. so how to china do it? can other countries even come close to achieving the same? and what too expensive lizards have to do with it. di didn't invent high speed rail, but boy, a bay adult to be idea of run with it. this is mark smith, otherwise known as the man and seat, 61. he runs. one of the internet's most popular train, so he rides a lot of them. like a lot. they all now streets ahead of any of the hospital writer, in terms of the network they've built. it's incredibly, one organized every one on the high speed network has their own reserved seat and they've got old boarding process is down. today you can get from basing to shanghai, a distance of 1300 kilometers in just 4 hours. you can go from north to south,
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from beating the quantity in 8 hours instead of $22.00 on a regular train. and if you really wanted to, you could take a bullet turn to to that, a 3000 meters above sea level, with automated oxygen supply and tinted windows. so you don't get sunburned at such high altitude. so how was all of this even possible? well firstly, because they could do it for a bargain price in china, a kilometer of high speed chart, cost 17 to 21000000. in europe, the price tag is 25 to 39000000. china's infrastructure blue was and is a matter of, you know, political will, but also the ability to mobilize massive amounts, cheap labor, which is connected to, you know, cheap materials. this is cecilia hun springer who does research on the environmental impact of china's infrastructure policy making. when they take
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a massive amount of steel on aluminum and other really carbon intensive materials and which are, you know, sourced from domestic producers and using domestic producers. of course the economy by the 2008 beijing olympics. china had already opened its 1st high sky line from basing to tenzing that ran at 350 kilometers an hour. they started was the 4 by 4. like say, 4 north south or east to west. and that was around 28 for david fung as an independent researcher specializing in china's high speed rail network. though he's currently sitting in a car, he's probably taken even more training than mark smith to deal with the financial crisis in the late 20 hundreds. the idea was, by what extent paused all before by phone net like an off to was around the met 20
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chance they were like, white. this isn't going to be enough. we need to double, the whole network is going to be 8 by 8, not all by 4. except to do that, you also have to move a lot of people out of the way. china has been swift and ruthless about relocating residence. and if you don't want to move, well, they'll just build around you until you do. ah, but it's not just people you have to. germany stood god rail station, for example, has been planned since 1995, but is nowhere near done? ah, it's faced endless budget and planning problems including lizards in 2017. the delayed project was further derailed. when george had been claimed, it would have to resettle endangered lizards at a cost of $15000000.00 euros. that's a budget of 224000 euros per lizard. not in china and
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chinese legal coach allowed, you know, basically yes, the authorities to basically yeah. i china doesn't have that issue because they can just exercise eminent domain. it people out of their fields. i'm not saying that's good, but it definitely enabled, you know, the development of that now. 2013 china had built 10000 kilometers of high speed rail. just about the total amount currently in use in the whole of europe. and it doesn't have to worry about profitability. many lines are running a huge operating waffles. why? politics? of course, i think the numbers for themselves, if it's not economically viable in the near term or even the medium term, there's got to be something else going on, right? and i think that thinking of those hinterlands of china, like changing into bat that you mentioned was, you know, more part of belton,
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erode initiative type of program with, you know, clear geopolitical goals alongside economic one, china's high feed story has been so successful that trains could actually dominate commercial travel, which boats pretty well for the countries goal to be carbon neutral by 2060 but there's another factor in its favor. flying in china sucks. it's airports are consistently ranked the worst in the world for punctuality. the plains i was used to delay, so up to 567. i got back in beijing horn a morning when i was supposed to be at home like about 10 we left. he can thank the military for that. it controls roughly 3 quarters of china's aerospace, so that means that commercial flights have to wait until the army gives the go ahead for take off. and guess that's good for the rails of basically yet out to be just the yeah. the airline companies like say for example,
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between the recent china to central china, that is my roots, which were very big with the airline is before high speed. the rail weiss up, been able to attract so many more customers that flies have pretty much ceased to between these, these, you know, metropolitan pat, building. all of this is carbon intensive, but all in all china's push for rail still greatly reduces its long term footprint . and for the world's biggest c o 2 emitter, that's a big pay off the planet. the, china's story is nowhere near the end. the country is aiming to double its high speed network by 2035, taking 827-0000 kilometers of trucks. as if that weren't enough, the government recently made a big splash or on the roll out of its fastest maglev train. you heard that right? magnetic levitation which goes up to 600 kilometers an hour. it's the world's fastest land vehicle. so can other countries do the same
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it will not in my life. i mean the biggest issue in europe is the fragmentation. different operators with blink is all looking at their own bits. and not seeing the big picture here. it has its own rail agency, but it has no legal power to regulate projects or enforce deadlines. this makes cross border coordination of schedules and fairs. kind of a mass. ah say you wanted to go from madrid to rome by high speed training. you need 4 different ones to get their barcelona paris toryn than rome. the whole chip will take you over 49 hours and you'll have to book each like separately from different providers. ah, shanghai to, to do is roughly the same distance as major to rome, which runs on a single high speed train line and takes 11 hours. with one click. though it
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doesn't look like any one will catch up with china, assume that the country has shown one way a high speed rail future could be realized. now, all these fast trains and china, they are only as clean as the electricity which powers them. and most of that is generated by burning coal, but mobility needs to become greener as well. here in germany, hydrogen is to help chemically store solar or wind energy. it could also be an alternative to battery run electric cars, even though moles big manufacturers have stopped pursuing the idea for now. could hydrogen be a real alternative when it comes to powering a world while a community in the north of germany is testing right now? if the idea has legs, if only are exhaust pipes emitted just water mice as the driver, you know,
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you're the only thing producing c o 224 puts you, the whole world can land something here. on the left are hydrogen production facilities and those bill could be a blueprint for the rest of the world. and they're proud of what they've achieved. under this rule, it's antarctic. we can produce it and use it locally or policy of milton from we're in germany's far north to see a trail blazing pilot project. this region is endeavoring to switch from fossil fuels to hydrogen, isn't working, and what is it costing locals? for a few weeks now to hydrogen powered buses have been running on the scheduled rates . several refueling stations have had to be built for the project. here cars can also fill up with hydrogen. what does the driver think about his new boss? this great thing is that it's so quiet, you only hear the electric motor and steering gear. otherwise it's silence or
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bellow to the fog. of course with passengers on board, you can hear their talk the sometimes that's not so nice, but at some point you switch off and focus on other things like the traffic on those ahem was we too much been in charge for you, but is the bus really fit for everyday use after it currently it's sometimes difficult to refuel at a time crunch the bus and the refueling facility aren't communicating with one another unless it's a software problem. but that can be saw news and a few software update should fix it. it's sorted. oscar this one. this is the heart of the hydrogen project. that was in this here is our electrolyzer. will y'all open it? andre shine al got the pilot project off the ground. his company operates the electrolyzer, which cost several $1000000.00 euros. here, hydrogen is made from water. the process needs a lot of electricity. believe me and it's, and possibly we have
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a grid bottleneck here. charges of wind turbines are actually forced to shut down. although we have periods of excess electricity. i'm the one in effect real. we wondered what to do with this electricity i need is of course, rather than wasted, we want it to use this energy and store it and use it when renewables aren't available. we aren't as feeding it back into the grid, but using it in other sectors, games like mobility and heating will be more visited with them. and this is how it's done. with the help of the wind power purified tap water is split into oxygen and hydrogen. the hydrogen is then transported to the local hydrogen refueling stations. a lot of heat is generated in the process of creating hydrogen. this is fed into the district heating grades, enabling buildings to be heated carbon free in the nearby village of busby. max boom is one of the beneficiaries. he says he hasn't had any problems with it so far
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to versus not from the to the heating and the buses are just the beginning. so of course it would be nice if there were also one or 2 hydrogen powered cars parked outside of that issue. but at the moment, not everyone could afford it so that we also couldn't afford it because of utilizing them. but i think the future looks promising definitely form to start taking a hydrogen powered car costs approximately twice as much as the equivalent diesel model. there are only 30 on the road in the region to now filling up is also pricey to cover 500 kilometers. it costs 50 year rise, compared with $47.00 euros for a diesel, and $25.00 for an electric con. as of the missiles longer, we have to get used to the fact that a green economy is more expensive than a fossil fuel based economy. individual, that's price, we pay for climate protection, thousands,
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we were all interested in saving our world. this technology has been around for a long time, but it still is early stages and it hasn't been put to large scale use and that will make it cheaper. i welcome to give it to people here. i think that in just a few years, this climate friendly energy will cost the same as conventional energy. the example show the technology is already fit for every day. the of course, it's not only people that need to make it from a to be in a certain amount of time. essential goods for our daily lives have to as well. a banana will travel weeks on a freighter from south america to europe, only to be then often thrown away because of a couple of dark spots or because they're squishy here and there. around 1300000000 tons of food. a wasted around the world every year, mainly industrialized countries, how to avoid that mo,
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extending shelf life could be an option. fruits and vegetables rotting in feels or during transportation to consumers with, according to the un food and agricultural organisation, or f o. some 14 percent of food is lost after harvesting and before it reaches the market or retailer. if you go to a particular country or particular clinic, you are likely to see varying levels of food losses. and these, depending on the situation, would go up even to 50 percent. if you're talking about a, let's say fruits and vegetables. for example, if the firm does not find the market for that particular food product in a timely basis. now this is huge amount of food, and if you, you invent it into our monetary quantity. this is a lot and if you read it as well into the loss to the environment or the
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environmental impact that is also huge. when that happens, water, pesticides, and resources used for transportation are all wasted. some 7 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions can be traced back to food loss and waste. the chief causes include problems. the transportation on refrigeration to pass from harvest to kitchen table is a race against time. a california based company appeal sciences might be able to help founder james rogers and his team have developed a liquid that could extend the shelf life of fruits and vegetables. appeal is a little exactly like it sounds peel that we apply to the surface and fresh produce . it can't see it. you get a feeler, but it slows down the factors to cause the fruit to age. it helps even without
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refrigeration appeal as a liquid coating that tries into a kind of edible skin. the coding helps the produce last up to 4 times as long that buys time time to transport the produce, to store it on to eat it before it spoils. appeal is based on lippitt and other natural compounds found and fruits and vegetables there extracted and blended into a taylor made solution by combining them in the right ratios when they dry a dry into an arrangement that allows us to control the factors that cause fruit to age, which are basically water going out and oxygen going. yeah. so same materials were just teaching them a new trick by finding the right formula to apply to different kinds of produce in
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order to give them the same kind of protection that you'd have on a lemon. on a cucumber or on a title. dutch wholesaler nature's pride cells some $120000.00 tons of fruits and vegetables a year. they import from 59 countries, especially latin america. in rotterdam, the importance produced continues to ripen before it's sorted, packed, and shipped to the retailer. spoilage and waste is a common problem in the industry, but the company hopes to minimize these losses in the future. the consumer throw food away, they actually bought it and they don't use it. and that cost money. so in the chain, if we don't throw it away, you don't spend that money wrongly with a b a, we can reduce the waste was 50 percent and there is a level food that used to london. the trash can now be sold every day. natures pride treat 6 tons of avocados with appeal before them to supermarket
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shelves across europe. the main customers are in scandinavia, germany, and the netherlands. nature's pride as the 1st company in europe to use appeal planning to start treating other kinds of fruits and vegetables soon. and that's our show for this week. thanks for watching sir soon and take care. ah ah ah ah, with
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you a conflict with sebastian on comfort zone is week ethiopia civil war. now more than
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a year old and showing no sign of anger or side to refuse to run, speak about prostitute. that is a minister for democratization. and he joined from the capital just half of those houses to so this is a complete zone. 80 in 30 minutes on a w. miss her is a kid who the hellish name. he couldn't. he could aces make you. i think i don't meet the korea. i turned in a nice, beautiful number is in the wow 130 people from fancy countries took about around the world. in 75 minutes on d. w. t w's crime fighters are back on the africans. most successful radio
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drama series continues this season. the stories focus on hate speech, cholera, prevention and sustainable charcoal production lol episodes are available online. and of course you can share and discuss on d, w, africa's facebook page, and other social media platforms, crime fighters, tune in. now imagine how many portion of lunch are thrown out in the world climate change division off the stores. this is my plan, the way from just one week. how much work can really get we still have time to go. i'm going with frankfurt a, i bought international, a gateway to the best connection,
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self road and rail located in the out of europe. you are connected to the whole world of experience out standing shopping and dining offers, enjoying our services. be allah. guests at frankfurt airport city managed by fraud lou ah ah ah, this is dw news live from berlin. tonight, non starters and red lines, russia, nato end their talk soon. bye.


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