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tv   Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People  Deutsche Welle  January 13, 2022 12:30am-1:01am CET

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ah, hello, and the very one welcome to focus on europe with me live show. we start today's program in turkey, where a lot of people are currently facing a difficult time because of surging prices. the new year begins with long queues for bread, which is at least still affordable. fruit meats and fish have become luxury goods for many turks. vendors are stuck with their perishable products. their customers are forced to budget their lee rest, taking the currency is rapidly losing its value. it's a cause of anger for many in turkey. and most of that anger is directed at him turkish president recipe bear to one, many blame him for the drastic plunge of the leer. hm. they are worried that air dawns economic policies will be the financial ruin of many turks. the inflation is
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particularly hard on the countries poorest people like embryo has that he's a waste material collector. even before the current crisis, it was difficult for him to make ends meet and now he barely earns enough to feed his young family. an old cardboard box means hard cash for emma hussar. the 25 year old earns money by collecting waste paper from garbage cans and istanbul, metropolis, with a population of over 50000000. the also collects plastic that are to make living because in times of economic crisis, the prices of recyclable materials are plummeting. killer cardboard, get you the equivalent of 3 euro service. accumulate plastic, only $0.10 instead of $0.12, they said. every day, m ross spends 10 hours wandering the streets of istanbul in search of paper and plastic. he's just one of thousands of collectors of recyclable materials struggling to survive in turkey. the price of bread has gone up again. soon even
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the price for cheapest bread has w. sorry. how can i afford and food? but i have to keep working as a derelict building on the outskirts of the city serves as a collection point where emery delivers his findings. at the end of the day, he collected $58.00 kilos to day and earned the equivalent of less than 5 euros. after sorting the garbage is later transported to recycling plants. without us yet the streets would be full of litter, the h harlow. then he prevent the garbage cans from overflowing or milan water that helen thought that was true up until now. but in the midst of the economic crisis of all times, turkish authorities planned to let private companies collect recyclables. it's a lucrative market. as a result, the mostly a legal collection points will disappear. a few months ago,
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an eviction order led to violent clashes between waste collectors and the police that were dozens of arrests. meanwhile, the recyclables workers have joined force to fight back against the allegations or for the citizen. for 30 see that we employ a legal refugees. you and you put a security problem and residential neighborhoods, the army and we disturb the peace of local residence. your listen will go for their pull up for fear of in a press didn't a governor of is damn me for the so called on citizens to work together to ensure that the carts of waste collectors disappear from the streets who live in missouri, conferred vertebra wilkinson. emma has to share his living space in istanbul with 3 other collectors. they all come from the far east of turkey. nearly only caesar's wife and one year old child every 3 months. on one moment their mother,
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sometimes i sit here and i wish i could be home with them and with her. but i can't warn you any. my mother just called the other day and said they don't have money for diapers on you. and so i knew i had to keep going here. it's our mom did it. the next morning, m ross sends clothes and toys home to his family with a relative. he found the toys in the trash. but it's not only the country's estimated $500000.00 to garbage collectors who are currently fearing for their livelihoods. the value of the turkish lira has almost have to in the past year. and inflation is officially at 36 percent economic experts say it's actually much higher gather their slander, in surveys, more than half of the population say they can barely afford their daily groceries. almost 3 quarters of turks are in debt. and almost every one complains about
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a drop in income. and these figures show how desperate the situation is old all ago . i could look some point operations continue. but for how much longer emma and his colleagues hope the governments will hold off and changing the recycling system for a while longer. herbal malone acting and sorting. recyclables is a very complex matter and difficult to organize mother to the after all them, there is no way separation and turkish households law more you to call them or you suffer. now m still needed on the streets of istanbul, but every day the economic situation worsens. and for emory, that means he must collect even more garbage to make ends meet. russia is the largest country in the world, so it's no wonder that some areas are so remote, that basic services like mail delivery are not possible on a regular basis. luckily, there are people like and brianna from of he brings letters, parcels,
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and even pension money to the people living in the rush and take up his root can take some 18 hours, a challenging journey through snow ice and the bitter cold. once a month he travels to villages like telecom and despite the difficult journey, he loves his up. mainly because people are always happy to see him. a reporter accompanied the mailman on one of his extraordinary trips. a chuck siberia might seem like the very last outposts of civilization, but it does have a few modern amenities, like electricity and mobile phone reception. andrea and whom off is about to set off on a perilous journey to the remote villages and the tiger. his biggest worry is the weather over there, all the unexpected problems on this trip or we had a whole week of minus $22.00 degrees celsius. settled and some fishermen were able to cross the rivers out there to put her. but now what shall they can to come back to that because the rivers are ice free again, another good screw,
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the ice melted. it was because the weather turned warmer again. sure. he has one last breakfast with his wife tomorrow. and then he will set off all alone. the vision, it is well look at you just because i worry a lot to follow. i can't sleep at night because the road conditions out there are unpredictable. never mind that sometimes you get through or right, but other times you days and i sit here and wonder, did he make it or not? with andrea has a lot in his mind today with his car, an old soviet, your army jeep hold up. we'll his don't be attacked by pack of wolves again. like last time he's got one stop to me at the for setting out the to the guy was the sure my, mr. will not school. this is
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a secret place goes on the road in the, our sacred places like this all over. you know, we make a little offering for good luck on the journey. that'll happen. so the car doesn't break down a new m all. so it's a local tradition. both on the cultural that'll go but is good for you to miss on and off he goes on tracks that just keep getting worse and follow andrea and and i po, hancock, a russian altering vehicle d o. at night her path is blocked by fallen trees. we have to cut our way through the forest.
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we finally reached the tiny village of t occur, and the next obstacle, the river we have to cross isn't frozen over. ah. when the next morning, andrianna ferries, the gas canisters he brought for the villagers across by route, leaving his chief behind loom mm. the people here live from hunting and fishing. normally at this time of year, the river would have frozen over long ago.
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ah, andrianna delivers the meal pension payments and many other things to the 17 residence of ne bring village chenango andrianna is nadia conoco. ve as only remaining link to the outside world literacy should go oh, look, good andriana brings me my medicine this and everything i asked looked, he never says now on the convention. he just brings me everything through it. yes sir, that sam mail man with the roof. formal not you has to get by on the equivalent of about 50 euros a month. elsewhere, the virginia came she's making would be filled with ground beef also. but that's a total luxury for not you longer with her neighbor. nina's gun cova also lives and abject poverty. but she says that isn't the real problem. the worst thing is the absence of a doctor or any other health care in the village look for here shows. how can you
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provide acquisition over a kid with the loo? if someone gets seriously ill, we call a doctor who comes by helicopter fucker vizier. she will get, or they'll say, we'll, we'll bring the patient here 3 nights, you know? but how can we transport a sick person to read you got to will, previous years to the recently someone here suffered a stroke. how are we supposed to transport him on horseback? but if you're not on, after a few days, he improve, but we're still not all new, but his arm and lack never recovered by the lice. amid the rugged beauty of the tiger is hard. but even this frugal existence is threatened by the ruthless exploitation of natural resources. as hunter, fyodor savannah explains i guess some of us lydia will go up
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a saucer. this is the last place in the region where people live with nature. really, really them. so the killing the animals and cutting too many fish lawyer on the river is the last one with fish in it related them, so everything's getting scare, so slid. so really the forests are being cut down for timberline, that leads to the river's getting shallower. and the fish are disappearing. oh, earnest loza wouldn't return to your car passing by stark reminders of the climate crisis in siberia along the way. in summer forest fires ravaged vast areas. the charred remains of trees stretch for kilometers. despite all the difficulties and ryanne feels at home and to your car, this is where he wants to live after he retires. he says, is one reason he does this job is not so much of the few rubles he earns. lou was hired, mike was for his the feeling up to read it. it's nice to know that someone needs
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you will have to see the shining eyes when you bring the pension. that makes me forget all the difficulties of others. when i remember that i've done a good deed for some one, but what are your own in a few weeks time? andriana the siberian milman will set off again on his roads through the russian tiger. ah, it's january man for many people across the globe with the man they decide to go with bout animal products in their diet. but january, now for a lover is of french cuisine. that means saying no 2 flags. ash the delicacy made out of duck or goose liver. french chef alex's good tear believes that people can enjoy the taste of wagner without animal cruelty, and has a fine dining restaurant in london. he has come up with the vigour alternative. oh,
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it looks like the french delicacy, frank, ha, a pat, a made of dark or goose liver, but no animals had to sacrifice their lives for this party. as it is a fate, a full cra, it doesn't taste of torture, which is a, which is one of the, the calling region of the river, and not in this one. ah, these, the supply, the liver for real swagger, the epitome of luxury. but in order to fatten olivers, the geese are for spent for the so called full glass. on the other hand, no geese must suffer. it's made of mushrooms, lentils, and seasoning the flavors sweltering to recreate this dish is what, what the animal will actually in the around or in the field right itself. so there would be a lot of a lot of grains with it would be a lot of health as well. and so it's very a digital to make the beacon patty resemble real flucker beetroot is mixed in at the end. between pillay,
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the beatle gray is really the that the blood in the here in the preparations. they have to be severely careful not to put too much, although either the little girl or patti's big. but if you put the right amount, did he come to flight? look for a french top chef making do without real swagger is almost revolutionary. frank. i used to be a big hit in go to his restaurant. he sold up to 25 kilos a week. that made him a target for animal rights activists. and so he decided to look into their arguments for me, they will just ingredients that allow me to express my, my skillen, my, my creativity and and so from then i decided that i need to still be a french f. as still, you know, do gasoline food, but i need to remove all the ingredients, so we started fresh his michelin star,
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has since been revoked. nowadays he cooks and eats exclusive leave egan. restaurant critic joe warrick doesn't have a problem with eating less meat either. but he is very skeptical about fagin patty ah, it definitely doesn't resemble frog rom in a supposed maybe in terms of the texture a little bit but, but not, not the, not the flavor on it, not the finish on. it hasn't got that fighting as, as, and got that richness um yeah. it's quite a weird thing. i liked the gaurtier is undeterred by such comments. he has become an activist. his voice is being heard at the highest political level. and his britain discusses banning the import of real swagger from france. some goal may is find this hypocritical, this is an easy thing to do, get rid of an, a late,
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you know, french foreign, luxury product. and say that, that you're making a point about animal welfare. but if you really wanted to make a point about animal welfare, what you would do is address, you know, the way chickens are being formed intensely form the way ports been intensely form at his restaurant. the chef is proud to break new ground even without a michelin star. he's fully booked for the next few months. so hopefully he's gonna inspire or the restaurant to do the same. and most importantly, although chef who are going to go and put their creative juice into this and come up with a, with a plan base creation that we cannot live without. that's good news for the ducks and geese as well as for the restaurant critic. as long as the chefs don't try imitating real meat. but her patty is fine by him.
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6 months have passed since devastating floods hit the r valley in western germany. the water and flipped away, how the cars and trees, and also destroyed livelihoods, and live more than a 130 people, died in the catastrophe, in thousands of volunteers from germany and abroad. worked tirelessly to help the flood victims. but how are things now? half a year later along the river. well, it's a tough winter for those whose heating was destroyed by the flood. they have no choice but to face the bitter cold. lose money stores is free. the slash 1st central office is starting to snow again. says the foot disaster last summer heating engineer neil's garage, has been under constant stress in the cold season. he's trying to provide some warmth to others and also a little hope. the 1st job of the day has an unpleasant surprise in store. it stinks, homeowner, ernst ya,
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commission says the flood water entered the basement through the sewage pipe. since then, it has smelled a feces. at least the army family still has a roof over their heads. but the heating system did not survive. the flood mortgage shows the lim, coulters, and his hold up stairs. that's where the bedrooms are locked in. but we hop straighten to bed and then it's ok. the company that employs heating engineer niels and his colleagues of cock owned meas, was also badly hits for the summer flood disaster was looking for. we're going to come with the one who sent back. you can see it went up to 1.8 meters on the 1st floor. matthew stock, you can still see the water line right at a target martin or the company cock. a miss was swamped pretty much up to the rooftop. puzzled about was often trauma for news girls. more than 130 people died in the r valley disaster. thousands of houses were destroyed under
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still uninhabitable. like so many other houses, this one was flooded almost to the roof. living here is out of the question. none the less, get gasper and his wife elfrida come here every day to keep an eye on things in. thus, we're here every time you come in here and see the state of it gone, what do you think? tall thunder. it's just awful. an electric fan heater has been drying the brick work for months. but it's not yet clear if they will ever be able to move in here again. and we, yet, we are head and if it were spring now that everything would probably be better for you all, including your state of mind in the evening at 5 o'clock from it's often already dark. and that's when depression sent sent a seal on the small village of elton berg alone. more than 50 houses have been demolished because they were contaminated,
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are in danger of collapsing. the floods caused around 30000000000 euros of damage. and o niels is on his way to his next customer. the gas connection for a temporary shelter needs to be installed because there's a housing shortage throughout the region. small provisional settlements are being erected in various locations. it will open up the whole, the whole row of houses is missing here. if just disappeared. now i have to see warehouse number 20 eaters meals doesn't take long to connect the gas cartridges. but for the little house to be heated, the water pipe installation must be completed. it still isn't finished. molina, diane is happy to have a roof over her head at all. although at the moment she still needs a jacket and hot inside the sun. my parents house used to be over there. and now i thought this one,
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a shelter for myself and my dog. i'm buy that wasn't keep up the good work. z by the r has long since withdrawn to its river bed. but the effects of the flood disaster will be filled for a long time to come. what my daughter simply going to actually have a really lovely view from here. wonderful. if you don't, you can see the altenor all the with the long bend in the, our river into donald holder rosters of car wreckage is lying about it when we just been salvaged. my mother soon. so my home village is destroyed, but it will be restored. somebody ah, if you will, like hiking ben and recommend there who had tower national park in the austrian ups is not just the place where you can get
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a good work out and enjoy the beautiful landscape. with a bit of luck you may even come across some hidden treasure. maybe you'll find some pure quartz or an emerald. however, treasure hunter is in this part of the obs have to follow some strict guidelines. ever since they were boys, twin brothers get hot and tennis hall far have spent every minute of their spare time in the mountains and they've made it their profession then mineral collect us . he said no, passionate angel. but if you addicted to it, so if you look around to see where something might vote or crank beans of white quarts and crevices and falls north for a few weeks ago, we discovered an interesting spoke to the link and it's really looking good who dos they have a long, hard climb ahead of them to reach this spot, such an elevation of 3000 meters in austria's what, how a national park. the work is not without risks. one of them has to squeeze down into the narrow crevice to get
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a closer look at the rocks. a sample will show whether or not crystals can be found here. the result proves positive, though more sure thing the top of it. and you can see that overall, it's a fantastic hold thing. so the steam run to super quality it on the whole face, connect up to $200.00 kilos a year, about a quarter of which is made into jewelry. many gemstones can be found in the alps, including emeralds, amethyst's, and gone. it's after their successful find, they make the steep time again the next morning to extract more crystals out of the crevice. might they find even bigger ones this time? this is a nice one. they have to close, unsecure. every hole lay, chisel out. digging for gems in the national park is subject to strict regulations, including the site, be re natured and they're only allowed to sell the crystals to jewelry makers. after every detail has been meticulously recorded, david rush,
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i knew this will probably be worth a good 1000 euros. or maybe even a little more than a 1000 bible. in all the brothers estimates the whole from this trip will fetch them around 2000 euros of which 10 percent will go to the state. but they say they aren't plundering the mountain. strict regulations ensure that only tiny amounts are removed and nature is left unharmed. and that's it for this week from focus on europe. thanks for watching and see you next time with ah,
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with who
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into the conflict zone with sebastian on contract zone was weak ethiopia civil war. now more than a year old and showing no sign of envy. all sides refused to run speak atrocity that your brother is a minister for democratization. and he joins me from the capital, a complete loan in 30 minutes on play w. her is a kid who the holiday week with me, the korea, i to turn to a $130.00 be from from fancy countries talk about love around the wow. in 75 minutes on d,
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w o. shit. your guide to life in the digital world. explore the latest online trends. navigate your way through the digital jungle. get a global perspective. we'll be your guide and show you what's possible. you decide what really matters to you. shift on d, w. o j up to date. don't miss our highlights. the d w program online, d w dot com highlights. welcome to the dark side where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. there was a before 911 and and after 911, he says after 911,
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