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tv   Made in Germany - Mobility innovation - The future of travel  Deutsche Welle  January 12, 2022 11:30pm-12:01am CET

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doesn't it feel great, moving really fast while not having to move at all? being snuggled up in your seat, sipping a beverage while the world outside is hurling by, since it's emergence high speed travel has always fascinated people. but with the asian industries, carbon footprint coming under ever growing scrutiny. we want to take a look at alternatives, innovative mobility. that's our topic this week on made one of these ideas. one that's pretty off. the wall is to send humans through a tube pneumatic post style engineers and scientists in london. and new york 1st started experimenting more than 150 years ago. but authority is deemed the idea of human tubular travel, too dangerous and expensive. but ultimately survived was a system for light goods blackmail. but the rima sending humans on
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a high speed journey through tubes lives on. and the hyper lube has been starting to take shape. is this the look ahead to the future world of travel? if so, the 1st test run of a hyper loop with passengers on board was a successful sneak preview. ultimately, the pods are set to raced down the tubes that speeds of up to 1200 kilometers an hour. i think that will be due. i am driving a hyperlink. yes. it would drastically reduce journey times in the us. the trip from cleveland to chicago would take just 28 minutes, 3 times quicker than current airline options. but how safe is it? you can a new a sub with that or not that promote site. it's easy. many questions still remain. is the hyperlink going nowhere fast, or is it a mobility revolution?
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this man came up with the idea in 2013 why this man has also brought a lot of money on board. but for once, this fellow billionaire isn't yet involved. california based hyperlink t t is among the company's looking to perfect the concept. it has a staff of $800.00 worldwide and $31000000.00 us dollars in seed funding. but with the new technology 1st needing approval, the firm has been working with the german inspection agency. we have this brought in over a glacial 9 technology sometimes in before number of the nation. so we were working very, very hard or so we're the 1st company developing was to shoot a company that will actually framework the end of the day. if you have a renewal at the time where we can multiple people like or, or even more groups constructing hyper loop tubes is an expensive undertaking. one kilometer we're cost about $60000000.00 us dollars. the plan route in india from puna to move by is underground. making it even more costly,
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but reducing the risk of terror attacks building that route would cost a $1000000000.00 us dollars. some that scare off investors. we demonstrated, i believe, could be private in the finance and, you know, good half a buyback period. so on 25, he or so, but he can, he doesn't reliably subsidies on that space. and one in the numbers were based on the fact that the ticket was like 75 percent of the cost of the actual tickets. you know, in for the same groups in all the modules for facial traveling by hyper loop as much in common with a journey into space. astronauts surrounded by a vacuum, the near vacuum conditions and the hyperlink tube served to reduce air friction and drag, making super high speeds possible. but if the pod developed a leak, the passengers would be dead within seconds. none of the hyperlink projects have found a solution for that yet, including the german one based in munich. ah,
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because he was at his desk and not even the pod would have to break very swiftly. my passengers would get oxygen masks as in an aircraft. they're all possibilities we can consider for certain areas, actually, because of it's too cost intensive, it won't make sense financially. and if it can't be made a success, if i have huge safety problems, or if i have to install very, very expensive systems to solve them. so will the hyper loop remain just a dream? the logistics industry hope not practical freight is definitely easier than passengers because the safety requirements are low. you know, people on board the port of hamburg is working with hyperlink t. t on new concepts for speeding up container transportation. i probably could like. hyperlink is not suitable for short distances. for middle or long distances.
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you know, that's that's what we're considering is an in landry crossing more than 300 kilometers, connecting to really big hubs. a root carrying very large quantities of containers over dependably long periods or likely would make sense in that context. and then the next step is to build proper longer tests including bands which are a challenge due to the speeds involved. hyper loop would then be able to prove it feasibility for long haul travel and keep up the pace and the height, me managing bench. while i'm sure that was also a challenge back in 1835. when the 1st steam powered locomotive in germany, the oddler started chugging away at 30 kilometers per hour. now fast forward 180
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years and were talking some serious increases and speed. with more than 300 kilometers per hour, bullet train start across the latch, connecting distant places quickly and conveniently. and they can be a powerful political tool, like in china, which built what is now the world's biggest high speed rail network. in record time, high speed trains are fast, efficient, and low carbon. they can be found all over the world and phone numbers. you can take one from here, or here, or even here. but who takes the cake for the world's best high speed rail system? china. a little more than a decade, china felt almost 40000 kilometers, have high speed rail, connecting nearly every major city in the country. china now counts for roughly 2 thirds of the world's high speed rail volume. outstripping both japan and e. you. meanwhile in europe, only 11000 kilometers of high speed rail,
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a currently used according to the world wide railway organization. and forget about the us. it barely even has one to so how to china do it. can other countries even come close to achieving the same? and what too expensive lizards have to do with it? i didn't invent high speed rail, but boy, a bay adult should be idea and run with it. this is mark smith, otherwise known as the man and seat, 61. he runs. one of the internet's most popular trend. so he rides a lot of them, like a lot. by all now streets ahead of any of the high speed or writer in terms of the network they've built. it's incredibly, one organized every one on the high speed network has their own reserved seat and they've got old boarding process is down today. you can get from bathing to shanghai, a distance of 1300 kilometers in just 4 hours. you can go from north to south,
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from beating to fall in 8 hours instead of $22.00 on a regular train. and if you really wanted to, you could take a bullet, turn to to that, a 3000 meters above sea level, with automated oxygen supply. and tinted windows, so you don't get sunburned at such high altitude. so how was all of this even possible? well firstly, because they could do it for a bargain price. in china, a kilometer of high speed truck cost, 17 to 21000000. in europe, the price tag is 25 to 39000000. china's infrastructure blue was and is a matter of, you know, political will, but also the ability to mobilize massive amounts, cheap labor, which is connected to, you know, cheap materials. this is cecilia han springer who does research on the environmental impact of china's infrastructure policy making when they take
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a massive amount of steel, aluminum, another really carbon intensive materials and which are, you know, sourced from domestic producers and using domestic producers. of course, the economy by the 2008 beijing olympics, china had already opened its 1st high sky line from beating to tenzing that ran at 350 kilometers an hour. they started was the 4 by 4 net, like say, 4 north south or east to west. and that was around 28 for david fung as an independent researcher specializing in china's high speed rail network. though he's currently sitting in a car, he's probably taken even more trains than mark smith to deal with the financial crisis in the late 20 hundreds. the idea was, by what extent pause also before by phone network, an off towards around the met 20 chance they will. i fight. this isn't going to be
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enough. we need to double the whole network. it's going to be 8 by 8, not 4 by 4. except to do that, you also have to move a lot of people out of the way. china has been swift and ruthless about relocating residence. and if you don't want to move, well, they'll just build around you until you do. ah, but at sanchez people you have to germany stick god rail station, for example, has been planned since 1995, but is nowhere near done? ah, it's faced endless budget and planning problems including lizards in 2017. the delayed project was further derailed when georgia bum claimed it would have to resettle endangered lizards at a cost of $15000000.00 euros. that's a budget of 224000 euros per lizard. ah,
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not in china. and chinese legal coach allowed. you know, basically yes, the authorities to basically yeah. i china doesn't have that issue because they can just exercise eminent domain and people out of their fields. i'm not saying that's good, but it definitely enabled, you know, the development of that now. 2013 china had built 10000 kilometers of high speed rail. just about the total amount currently in use in the whole of europe. and it doesn't have to worry about profitability. many lines are running it huge operating losses. why politics? of course, i think the numbers for themselves, if it's not economically viable in the near term or even the medium term, there's got to be something else going on, right? and i think that thinking of those hinterlands of china, like john into bad that you mentioned is you know, more part of belton road initiative type of program with, you know,
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clear geopolitical goals alongside economic one, china's high feed story has been so successful that trains could actually dominate commercial travel, which boats pretty well for the countries goal to be carbon neutral by 2060 but there's another factor in its favor. flying in china sucks. it's airports are consistently ranked the worst in the world for punctuality. the plains, i was used to delay, so up to 567. i got back in beijing up or in a morning when i was supposed be at home like about 10 we left. he can think the military for that and controls roughly 3 quarters of china's aerospace. so that means that commercial flights have to wait until the army gives the go ahead for take off. and guess that's good for the rails have basically yet out to be just the yeah. the airline companies like say for example,
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between the recent china to central china, that is my roots, which were very big with the airline is before high speed, the rail weiss up, been able to attract so many more customers satisfies of pretty much ceased to retreat. east, these are, you know, metropolitan pet building. all of this is carbon intensive, but all in all china's push for rail still greatly reduces its long term footprint . and for the world's biggest c o 2 emitter, that's a big pay off the planet. the china's story is nowhere near the end. the country is aiming to double its high speed network by 2035, taking 827-0000 kilometers of trucks. as if that weren't enough, the government recently made a big splash on the roll out of its fastest maglev train. you heard that right? magnetic levitation, which goes up to 600 kilometers an hour. it's the world's fastest land vehicle.
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so can other countries do the same will not in my life, i the biggest this year in europe is the fragmentation, different operators with blue cars on looking at their own bit and not seeing the big picture here. it has its own rail agency, but it has no legal power to regulate projects or enforce deadlines. this makes cross border coordination of schedules and fairs. kind of a mass. ah say you wanted to go from madrid to rome by high speed training. you need 4 different ones to get there, barcelona paris, turin than rome. the whole chip will take you over 49 hours and you'll have to book each like separately from different providers. ah, shanghai to, to do is roughly the same distance as major to rome, which runs on a single high speed train line and takes 11 hours. with one click. though it
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doesn't look like any one will catch up with china, assume that the country has shown one way a high speed rail future could be realized. not all these fast trains and china, they are only as clean as the electricity which powers them. and most of that is generated by burning coal, but mobility needs to become greener as well. here in germany, hydrogen is to help chemically store solar or wind energy. it could also be an alternative to battery run electric cars, even though moles big manufacturers have stopped pursuing the idea for now. could hydrogen be a real alternative when it comes to powering a world while a community in the north of germany is testing right now? if the idea has legs, if only are exhaust pipe submitted just water mice as the driver, you know,
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you're the only thing producing c o 22, it's by putting the whole world can learn something here on the hydrogen production facilities. and both b could be a blueprint for the rest of the world. and they're proud of what they've achieved, shall stick. we can produce it and use it locally or policy and looking for women, germany's far north to see a trailblazing pilot project. this region is endeavoring to switch from fossil fuels to hydrogen, isn't working. and what is it costing local? for a few weeks now to hydrogen powered buses have been running on the scheduled rates . several refueling stations have had to be built for the project here. cause can also fill up with hydrogen. what does the driver think about his new bath? that's a great thing is that it's so quiet you only hear the electric motor and steering
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gear, otherwise it's silent. it's been not really fond. of course with passengers on board. you can hear the talk sometimes that's not so nice. but at some point you switch off and focus on other things like the traffic. i know that we too much in charge, but yeah, but is the bus really fit for everyday use after currently, it's sometimes difficult to refuel on that at some concrete, the bus and the refueling facility aren't communicating with one another, and it's a software problem. but that can be solved. a few software update should fix it. it's sorted. oscar this time. this is the heart of the hydrogen project. that was here. this here is our electrolyzer. i'll open it and andrew shy now got the pilot project off the ground. his company operates the electrolyzer, which cost several $1000000.00 euros. here, hydrogen is made from water. the process needs a lot of electricity. believe me,
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and if we have a grid bottleneck here, besides the wind turbines are actually forced to shut down, we have periods of excess electricity in effect. we wondered what to do with its electricity. rather than wasted. we wanted to use this energy and store it and use it when renewables aren't available. we aren't just feeding it back into the grid, but using it in other sectors, games like mobility and heating when we moving the family. and this is how it's done. with the help of the wind power purifying tap. water is split into oxygen and hydrogen. the hydrogen is then transported to the local hydrogen refueling stations . and lots of heat is generated in the process of creating hydrogen. this is fed into the district heating grades, enabling buildings to be heated carbon free in the nearby village of bus duty. max boom is one of the beneficiaries. he says he hasn't had any problems with it so far
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. developed from the heating and the buses are just the beginning. of course it would be nice if there were also wanting to hydrogen powered cars popped outside. but at the moment, not everyone could afford it so that we also couldn't afford it. but i think the future looks promising definitely took a hydrogen, how it car costs approximately twice as much as the equivalent diesel model. there are only 30 on the road in the region to now filling up these little se pricey to cover 500 kilometers. it costs 50 year rose compared with $47.00 euros for a diesel and $25.00 for an electric car. ah, other vehicle we have to get used to the fact that a green economy is more expensive than our fossil fuel based economy itself. that's the price we pay for climate protection, thousands,
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we're all interested in saving our world. this technology has been around for a long time, but it still is early stages and it hasn't been put to large scale use and that will make it cheaper. i welcome to give it to people here, think that in just a few years, this climate friendly energy will cost the same as conventional energy. the example show the technology is already fit for every day. the course, it's not only people that need to make it from a to be in a certain amount of time. the central goods for our daily lives have to as well. a banana will travel weeks on a freighter from south america to europe, only to be then often thrown away because of a couple of dark spots or because they're squishy here and there. around $1300000000.00 tons of food a wasted around the world every year. mainly industrialized countries, how to avoid that mo,
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extending shelf life could be an option. fruits and vegetables rotting in feels or during transportation to consumers. according to the un food and agricultural organisation or f o, some 14 percent of food is lost after harvesting. and before it reaches the market or retailer. if you go to a particular country or particular village, you're likely to see varying levels of food losses. and these, depending on the situation, would go up even to a 50 percent if you're thinking about a less a fruits and vegetables. for example, if the firm does not find the market for that particular food product in a timely basis. now this is huge amount of food, and if you, you convert it into our monetary quantity. this is a lot and if you read it as well into the loss to the environment or the
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environmental impact that is also huge. when that happens, water, pesticides, and resources used for transportation are all wasted. some 7 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions can be traced back to food loss and waste. the chief causes include problems, the transportation on refrigeration to pop from harvest to kitchen table is a race against time. a california based company appeal sciences might be able to help founder james rogers and his team have developed a liquid that could extend the shelf life of fruits and vegetables. appeal is a little exactly like it sounds peel that we apply to the surface of fresh produce . you can't see it, you get a feeler, but it slows down the factors to cause the fruit to age. it helps even without
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refrigeration appeal is a liquid coating that tries into a kind of edible skin. the coding helps the produce last up to 4 times as long that buys time, time to transport, the produce to storage on to eat it before it spoils. appeal is based on lippitt and other natural compounds found in fruits and vegetables there extracted and blended into a taylor made solution by combining them in the right ratios when they dry a dry into an arrangement that allows us to control the factors that cause fruit to age, which are basically water going out and oxygen going. yeah. so same materials were just teaching them a new trick by finding the right formula to apply to different kinds of produce in
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order to give them the same kind of protection that you'd have on a lemon. on a cucumber or on a title. dutch wholesaler nature's pride, sell some $120000.00 tons of fruits and vegetables a year. they import from 59 countries, especially latin america. in rotterdam, the importance produced continues to ripen before it's sorted, packed, and shipped to the retailer. spoilage and waste is a common problem in the industry, but the company hopes to minimize these losses in the future. the consumer throw food away, they actually bought it and they don't use it. and that cost money. so in the chain, if we don't throw it away, you don't spend that money wrongly with a b a. we can reduce that waste was 60 percent and there is a level food that used to london. the trash can now be sold every day. natures pride treat 6 tons of avocados with appeal before sending them to
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supermarket shelves across europe. the main customers are in scandinavia, germany, and the netherlands. natures pride as the 1st company in europe to use appeal planning to start treating other kinds of fruits and vegetables soon and that's our show for this week. thanks for watching sir soon and take care. ah, ah ah ah ah, with
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crisis in turkey is hitting them especially hard. and ra, one is symbols,
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garbage collector. every day he hunts for recyclables to receive a mere pittance in return. and now the recycling operation has an outsourced to large corporate at the worst possible time with disastrous consequences for emma focus on europe. in 30 minutes on d, w into the conflict zone with tim sebastian. on concrete zone is week ethiopia civil war. now more than a year old and showing no sign of envy, all side to refuse to run, speak to both prostitute. that your brother has been minister for democratization. you joined me from the capital, addis ababa health. if you feel this is a. com please own b 90 minutes on a w a has a view of the world where i come from and all that glitters is go,
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it's just like was chinese food, doesn't matter where i am, it's all with your minds. me home. after indicates of living in germany, chinese food is one of the things i missed the most. but by taking a step back, i see thing a little differently. now. mental foot processing regulations that exist the other part of the world haven't been implemented in china. glad to leave a lot of china april, wondering if their food safety. but if people have a ride to learn, if the valley is, this is the job journalism how i see it. and that's why i love my job. because i tried to do exactly this every day. my name is adding to, and i work at d. w. in the battle against cove in the oma coon variant is putting health care systems around the world to test
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vaccination campaigns or accelerating while restrictions are intensifying. once again, but are these measures enough to stop the spread of omicron? oh, facts does ada have reports? least you know weekly coping 19 special every thursday on d w. a. ah ah, this is dw news live from berlin, russia and nato end. their talks over ukraine with no breakthrough. they don't want .

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