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tv   Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People  Deutsche Welle  January 6, 2022 6:30am-7:01am CET

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ah, hello guys, this is the 77 percent. the platform for africa. feet is use a share idea. you know, or this channel. we are not afraid to happen. delicate cub applicants population is growing. and young people clearly have the solution. the future launch loop is 77 percent. now every weekend on d. w ah,
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hello and welcome to focus on europe. and we begin our show this week in russia where one of the most influential and oldest human rights groups in the country has been banned. the supreme court ordered a closure of memorial, which has for over 3 decades supported russian dissidence against persecution and worked to uncover crimes committed during the stalinist dictatorship. the binding of the organization sparked widespread criticism at home and abroad. so memorial can now no longer support people like elisa meisner, whose family was expelled from moscow during the stalinist era. a fate shared by millions of others in the soviet union. even today, many have not been able to return home including elisa, who still lives in rude niche need not far from the settlement that her parents were originally banished to. and any hope of returning to moscow appears less likely than ever. after the shutting down of memorial,
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a foreigner in her own country, that's holly's. a meissner feels her family used to live in a spacious apartment in moscow in the 19 thirty's. then came the 2nd world war and the soviet government began to porting what it labeled dangerous elements from the capital. joseph stalin branded all germans living in russia, traitors to their country. police as mother was german, i was deported to a so called special settlement and the northern tiger in siberia. so my minister all of my mother's family was forcibly re settled because of their ethnicity. her walk would like a handful of p, as they were strewn across the country school got all hope of feel a bless them. elisa was born in the remote settlement. her family was forced to stay there for decades and worked like almost all the poor tease felling trees. the misers had the heart of a daughter,
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as ethnic germans. they want accepted by their russian neighbors. they got no by soldier, the very same people we lived side by side with orchard, wouldn't the same road went to school or the club waverley. these people bullied and harassed us. what if, what the corp, what is what that don't, but he would, it won't be at the post. now it wasn't until the 19 ninety's that the minus were allowed to leave along with hundreds of thousands of other political prisoners and to pull teas at the time. many vulgar germans emigrated to germany. but elisa meisner had my relatives in the west and didn't speak german. so she stayed on in home region and rooted me a small town about 70 kilometers from the settlement where her parents had been sent. but in recent years, rude nittany has been shrinking rapidly. after i was like, we used to have a bus here, not anymore. now if someone has to go to the hospital in the nearest city,
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they risk not making it to tonia got lost. the some of the reds was so bad, and the dr. lasted so long that one of our neighbors died on the way to the doctors . but that i get a lisa meisner could have moved to moscow long ago. the city her family was once forced to leave. it was guaranteed on the russian law. and the apartment 2 in theory, but in practice, the authorities refused that part. elisa meisner still fighting for her right to move into the old family home in the city. until recently, the human rights organization memorial was trying to help her and many other victims of the stolen regime memorial research, the families original living situation. here, a member of the group looks at the apartment in augusta though with veronica it compare this with their life in the special settlement. i can imagine the people must live there with a kind of hopelessness than he was, wasn't. they can't get out surrounded by thick forest and wolves. it's very hard to
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compare that with life in moscow with lesson so many former to poor t's face similar situations about 1500 still waiting to return to their ancestors homes. did glovebox linear? i'm afraid these so called children of the gulag no longer have any priority with the authorities. so it is all the russian state would much rather talk about victories. the highlights of history, not the dark sides of the soviet union or otherwise they would have to talk about their responsibility go. what about the instance? now elisa meisner is losing this valuable support. the russian authorities of accused memorial of acting as what they call a foreign agent, saying the organization included nazi collaborators on this list of victims of soviet repression. and crucially that he criticized russian president vladimir putin. would elk city linear yet no, could have no,
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no sufficiently dylan in unfortunately memorial, his demonstratively broken certain regulations multiple times media l. so memorial will bear full responsibility. holy media memorial has categorically denied these accusations even so the supreme court of russia has ordered the closure of the country's best known non governmental organization. memorial has been dissolved. elisa meisner sees it as a slap in the face not only to her, but to millions of other victims of stalinist repression and their descendants. no other organization has stood up for their rights with as much determination. if those to me in my deal, i think memorial is getting something good with the staff there and not only helping us, but many other people as well. i think what has been done to this organization is a terrible injustice with these 3 ah,
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nearly every family in russia suffered in some way during the soviet era. elisa meissner says that now with the banning of memorial her russia is losing another focal point of remembrance. and support and memory also plays an important role in our next story. memories that is of life before the mediterranean olives of cyprus was divided into the turkish controlled north and the greek republic of cyprus in the south. now after that division nearly 50 years ago, the coastal resort of ver osha was quite literally abandoned. since then and there as lord us who grew up in veronica, had been longing to return to the place he sees was home. oh, kathy edelweiss has been waiting in vain for guests. the more than 47 years taxi
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stopped coming here long ago and the party meet has been redundant for some time. this is the supreme coastal town of russia. these days it's a deserted ghost town. but in times gone by the 19th sixty's, it was a glamorous resort, drawing tourists from all over the world. after cyprus, his violent division in 1974 ferocious found itself under turkish occupation. it was an off limits, militaries on for decades. but just recently, russia was partially reopened for greek cypriots, entrees. lord us, it's a chance to see where he lived as a child during the war. and that is where the bomb hit the golden marianna. the golden marianna hotel used to belong to the lord os family until the occupation by turkish troops led to the displacement. in 1974. i remember our escape,
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which happened to without the button here. our mother was driving and we were in the car and her my youngest brother was one year old and my mother said, if we see an aeroplane military aeroplane coming towards us, i will accept the car. i will let you go and i will try and shake their aeroplane away and come back and find you. the family escaped and andreas low dose grew up in the south of the london. he's been lobbying for reconciliation with 2 hosted periods for many years now. the architect would love to rebuild for russia and the city of the future. and many other buildings can be clad with, exoskeletons had to, will produce either electricity or water or a green and possibly a combination of all of them. their own enjoying roofs, alicia utilized and provisions for electric halla kind of serve beings applied. he wants to see good times returned to russia,
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but he says that for that the property claims of former greek residence 1st need to be reckoned. yes, merely sold a partial rocking of russia as a political power played by turkish president edwin and the government of northern cyprus. but also as a willingness to reach an understanding who allows the owners of the house should we found besides, then followed by efforts to find the solution that goes on in the architect says little progress has been made on that front. he regularly meets other displaced people and ferociously, most would even be prepared to live under a target ministration if it allowed them to return from be. so if i could id says even today, he isn't here. this is where we were born, where we grew up. isn't he asked why not? yellow? turkish cypriots celebrated the opening of russia with fanfare. now the town fills
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with day trippers during weekends. many turks have nothing against the greeks returning to russia. huck, what every one's right should be respected coast, but his messiah that he gives it as far as i'm concerned, with the old honest, can come back and do business here. color as long as they recognize the turkish north autonomy venture. you know, because they're already returning isn't but undressed, load us is unsure where the greek cypriots will be able to return and regain possession of their homes. he recently found out that another building that belonged to his family just outside the rocher has been slated for demolition. it's this multi story residential block from the 1970s. he's never been inside it. oh, we'll get to read about our proper fear in the youth february. so today i'm going in there's no sign of the turkish tenants. the building is currently managed
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by a muslim foundation and has allegedly become dilapidated. the door to the roof is long and the architect fee is turkish. speculators have set their sights on the building, which occupies a prime seaside location. he's applied to the european court of human rights for its restitution, that he still waiting for a response that is important. if he's an island of less than a 1000000 people, we all know whose house is these ira and they know because the north there is in control of the land registry documents as well. and then from there on it is a matter of good will. and if god willing so will will be homes one andreas, lord us would like to see the russia become a home again, not just for its former inhabitants, but for turkish cypriots to so that the resurrected ghost town can help foster reconciliation across the whole of cyprus now on
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a very different notes, anybody who like me enjoys cooking at home or who cooks for a living will agree that lemons can add a special something to betty dishes. so where would you go to find the richest selection of lemons in the world? well, what about this, which is said to be the sunniest village in france, tucked away in the foothills of the pyrenees. it's where grow etienne shall air and his wife have produced an outstanding collection of citrus fruits. ah, please re citrus heights santana lucy, free baton. put his hands and fingers all. cathy on wintertime, his name ripening c, they grew in the villages, ages at the foot of mechanical mountain where they are carefully tended to fly
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citrus experts. it's ian and patty in shanna he appeared honda nerd around a 1000 different varieties, says and our work is always evolving thanks to exchanges with the growers shimoda. this is the best private citrus free collection affects all of our be my variety is most people have never heard of phone. you're not even those who working astronomy, loans with 320 days of sunshine a year. this village is one of the sunniest areas in france, plus the night night frosts and soil up perfect to growing citrus varieties, giving the fruits that beautiful colors. the plantation is a veritable fitness garden of eden with an astonishing range, as well as a few hopeful new cometh the violin of either on a bit of this. here is a cross between palm alone. come quiet from what her. it's going to launch a taste revolution in the next 10 to 20 years. it's amazing fruit herbs. she looked
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at her thing or cucumber just like a great while. a vehicle gone like the skin is kristela. there are bitterly sour than sweet notes in exceptional harmon damage here and you were this, i will fix it to them. usually there are only one or 2 trees of a given variety. each has its own unique flavor and each can play a key role in cultivating a new variety. the shall as sell their 150 varieties of citrus fruits to chefs from all over the world. la hon. the mile who runs a restaurant close by commerce to select his own. for example, for his famous benson, we go with citrus fruit pickles visited with the of them off the door like 2 days ago. oh, dear dears, to taste a piece of meat with the citrus fruits, to appreciate the difference from it's a very special and the favors initially taste the game meet more but then the buddha's hand come serve hollow and eventually prevails. hubbard, this is what makes this so interesting to us, get those on the shaft,
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develop some new recipe ideas with the shala's law. novak and we basically accompany the shafts through their discovery of citrus fruit. but they're the ones who know how to use and combine them all, but there is a 2 way exchange that's mutually beneficial also, nor in return market citrus fruits worth their weight in gold. well, almost restaurants pay up to $30.00 your i was the key low that could tempt thieves . so at the engineer has devised the trick to protect the fruits with your you're gonna be blue, we write the wrong names on the tags. so thieves wouldn't know when they've stolen, i'm sorry, it's my little joke because cuba, with gilded as restaurants were closed during the pandemic, the shala's found themselves within lots of surplus produce. but they found
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a solution. they created citrus fruit preserves and began also selling to hobby cooks. they broke or last one of my best way home cooks can also discover the many different varieties of such as fritz and products that preserve their qualities and flavor. delicately said he, lily fritz. hi says oh no crisis. the citrus groves with a use provide as estie ray of sunshine to the pallet and the plate now not to know where the remains of your father or your grandfather a bear, it is a fate shared by many spaniards. even today, up to a 100000 people killed during the spanish civil war and under the regime of dictator, francisco franco, have still not been recovered. often, the bodies of victims were simply dumped in mass graves. there are no however, plans to exhume and identify them. the median spain do not welcome these efforts to
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dig up the past. yet the 92 year old augustine ratio, seeing her father finally get a proper burial is something she has long yearned for. dealing with the past is often challenging. in this field, it requires caution to the metal detector locates 1st a coin than hulu. cartridge 92 year old augustine rescue is accompanied by her son, been addicted. she's waited all her life for this day. her father, a republican, was killed by one of dictated francisco. franco's command, those in november 1936. he was buried in this field near toledo. i christina was 6 years old at the time. laquisha mother and i especially remember that we were having dinner in the courtyard when 3 men arrived. and it was sent to my father florentine out, don't be tang and get up, brought
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a dinner there is there now you know what i object it sang. they should at least let her initiating the hand with it. but they took him away. little man, just like that, go here in finacialow yoletta. the next day a father was shot dead along with 6 other men. marco gonzalez belongs to a group of volunteers who have opened hundreds of graves and recovered the remains of more than a 1000 people. after decades of indifference from the state, new laws allow set to support their work. marco says the change was too long in coming from early to the family that it is when i looked at still relative, either civil groups taking the stroke ayame some more. there is no state representative here. there it should be the government that accompanies the road that in does this work. i mean, it's not applicable when you're start off to just a few hours. the 1st bonds are uncovered, mold and a 100000 people disappeared during spain, civil war and franco est repression. many were thought to be lost forever.
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in 1936, the fascist general francisco franco, stay the crew against the democratically elected left from government. the 3 year civil war brought thousands of military deaths on both sides as well as atrocities . but after franco's victory, only the fascist dead were 100. those from the other side were never mentioned. augustine or su, lives not far from the field where her father died in the small village of rec, us. spain has been a democracy for more than 40 years, but it is still difficult to talk about those who died on a lovely augustine as some been addicted has often been told its best not to open old wounds this summer. but he was to tell me where to find, like if his grandfather flourentino miss a proper burial. give us the surety, the motor that gets you freedom. will she mercy of ink when you have really suffered a logic? i'm
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a director for 5 years. we battled with the local government for permits less at the fact that now that we have found my grandfather conway. restock is down secondary ela. we asked local authorities for a comment, but received no response. the past is a sensitive subject here. after franco's death, the left and right agreed not to talk about the civil war anymore. an amnesty was meant to ease the transition to democracy. many a still came to forget the past, including hearing rick us, roy by the ring. ah, what i don't think it's right to dig out the did, i won't bring them back up. why still things up casa, but activists want to revive spain's historical memory. in this laboratory, the catalog human remains 30, amid resistance from the right wing opposition. prime minister petro sanchez government wants to make further exclamations possible through legislation, and is considering prosecuting historical acts. marco gonzalez approves
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when the set of go, but i am or garcia when spain became a democracy, someone didn't do the job, couldn't loss clement as of the crimes of the dictatorship. and franco ism would never come daniel to those that he thought they went completely unaccompanied. glad onto them and a bonus. it stay 3 at the field near rick us and the excavations well advanced. many civil war era remains have been uncovered. the volunteers meticulously documents f, refined doing what many here believe the authority should be doing with their work means augustine arrest. you can now fulfill her greatest wish to bury her father in the brick a cemetery. your mother, under the name of it, was the greatest joy to let up will as soon have my father beside my mother. it makes me very happy to have the good the
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volunteers want to keep the victims of franco's dictatorship back that dignity augustine arrest. tio has been waiting for this moment all her life. and finally, i'd like to take you to a remarkable place in the italian capital. rome worth time, ticks peacefully by. it's the workshop of aldo. oh, really, who specializes in repairs and restoring old even ancient clocks? now the master craftsman can't exactly make time stand still, of course he can't. but he can give his customers a greater appreciation of just how precious it can be. it might seem as if time has stood still in alto, al henley's, stalling the via del clementine. in fact, getting talks and watches ticking is his speciality. he operates on these beautiful
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time, be things like a skilled surgeon during his pit to preserve the life of history. i got so the but the boy i helped out on workshop and body 2. i worked my way up and yes, got a passion for precision mechanics. guy nika, i had to really excellent teachers who specialized nancy coaches, yankee, i'm lucky to have been able to continue their work before toner. his talks are highly thought after in the world of antiques. they self at top dollar at international auctions. chrissa and up and out of yard you're involved in citizens . this is a beautiful travel clock on the swiss mechanism is very important in the english show. seconds. recess of these a richly gilded table cox with cost about $5000.00 euro selective us. any wine, this one up. it has an artificial fountains. i think the death of aqua as roman
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philosopher seneca mean. it's not that we have too little time, but that we let too much of it go to waste. other customers hendern that wisdom more and more want to have that parents watches refurbished. another, you know, pleases me the children mallory discovery past memories. chris, a video of is loosely watches have come under pressure from smartphones. i'll do well really. hence, his worries, especially given a lack of young talent in italy. but stephanie, his son wants to take over partial being a watchmaker fascinates me because i get to work on the pieces myself. i really enjoyed being in the workshop he worked on these unique pieces. file around pick will delay, mass, bail, put out the door. no money will work on unlock machines. this is one store definitely bucking the digital trends. but there are threats. the pandemic has brought higher costs for rent and energy in room. still master watchmaker elder.
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while he is keeping his own rhythm and keeping clocks ticking, but time they say waits for no one. and that is all that we have time for on this latest edition of focus on europe. i will give you plenty of food for thought and if so, do join us again next time round until then for me and the rest of the focus on your activity by, by and chips with ah, with
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i said there was no tomorrow at some point supplies where we are now, we end up surrounded with the we say resources now. we'll all have more of them for longer made in 30 minutes on d w. a. how's your view of the water where i come from that? oh, that's good to go. just like with chinese food doesn't matter where i am with your mind, me a co, after decades of living in germany, chinese food is one of the things i miss the most. but by taking a step back, i see thing a little a foot processing, the regulations that exist, the other part of the world haven't been implemented in china to leave
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a lot of china april, wondering if their food, faith. but people have the right to learn. if that is the job job and it them how i see it, and that is why i love my job because i tied to do executive every day. my name is adding to and i work at d, w. a mac and being a. com you want to learn, but no school. you want to be put on allowed to. when you're sick, the doctor. when you fall in love, they won't. you don't have children for fear they'll be invisible. your shoe or, you know, when you die, there's no. you ever every 10 person like this
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in 10000000 people in the world. they have no nationality of told. they don't belong. but everyone has the right. everyone has the right to say, michael ah, ah, this is the w news live from berlin. russia will send what it calls peacekeeping forces to kazakhstan.


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