Skip to main content

tv   Doc Film - Legendary Hotels - The American Colony Hotel Jerusalem  Deutsche Welle  January 2, 2022 1:15pm-2:01pm CET

1:15 pm
in could see some nuclear power and natural gas plants labeled environmentally friendly, making them targets the green investment. but not all member states back that plan . in south korea is military says, an unidentified person has crossed the heavily fortified border into north korea, the army detective, the person in the demilitarized zone. the soldiers couldn't find it an hour next hour documentary series on iconic hotel hotels. peaches at the american colony hotel inter list when i'm on your campus. makennan on behalf of the whole team here. thanks so much for what can be done with the internet knows all its creators for everything and
1:16 pm
we digitize everything. the hot commodity in this global experiment, our data, the internet of everything starts january 17th on d, w. ah, ah, ah, jerusalem city say could to judaism islam and christianity time. and again, it has been full, shabba, destroyed, and rebuilt a city that like few others,
1:17 pm
has long been the focus of utopian hopes and dreams, and a flash point in the conflicts that have divided the middle east. but it's also a city dotted with havens of quiet and peace, including the american colony hotel. ah, an oasis of welcome opened to every one no matter the nationality, ethnicity, or religion. ready time has left his marks only lightly. here. the hotel remains a haven of tolerance. jews, christians, muslims, israelis and palestinians all look side by side and share a common cause. it's a place of encounter. both staff and guests were batman mccann. moses hotel is the safest place in the area, no place open to wall,
1:18 pm
full door left to our liquidity mess. i think the story of the hotel is a story one crisis afternoon and with miraculous savings. guests to book a stay in this 5 star hotel are looking for opulence, the mood he is gentle and relaxed. the $94.00 rooms and sweeps in the hotel or for a place of tranquillity. instability in a city that is often anything bought. but it took decades for this historic building to be transformed into a prestigious hotel. it began a 150 years ago, in a distant place. in the 1870s, chicago was the home of horatio and sponsored. horatio esparza was
1:19 pm
a prominent lawyer and the family lived in comfort with their 4 daughters. this passage would have thou protestants, no fiber, 1871. chicago was devastated by fire. hundreds perished. the spaniards helped as much as they could, but the great fire had claimed much of the family's investments. o 2 years later, the spaniards decided to visit europe and earn full ghouls went ahead. one night their ocean liner was rammed by a british vessel and sank within minutes. more than 200 people lost their lives. and a spaniard survived. but her full daughters had drowned. blue anna and horatio tried to rebuild their lives after the tragedy. they had 3 more children, but their only son died of scarlet fever at the age of 4. some years later,
1:20 pm
when 1881, the spatters decided to leave chicago with their 2 youngest daughter's bertha and grace joining a small pilgrimage that set sail to jerusalem. it was an invalid. i declined that in lest vinkadesh jerusalem was a small city in a corner of the ottoman empire in a walled city. i considered wholly by all 3 monotheistic religions heil. they all shared the belief that when the messiah returned, he would 1st appear in jerusalem annuals, o'lance, yes, cult. oh, the small american congregation moved into a house in the old town in the muslim quarter. they had no desire to be missionaries. they were waiting for the fulfillment of the biblical prophecy, the 2nd coming of christ, ah, is bedford's milligan. i again as this backwards formed their very own private and personal and were convinced that the messiah would come the following year at
1:21 pm
easter, to austin. they went up the mountain of our lives every sunday in case that christ had arrived on the mount of olives. and i think some of the community were quite prepared to accidentally run into jesus christ on the street. we thought he might just be walking around in the old city, and i was like each other. oh my gosh. i have to say, i find it difficult to describe anna's buffer to show me know if there's something i really like about her j. o been, but many people were afraid of her much multi dice. she was a strong woman to be love and it will show the way the american colony developed had a lot to do with her on a li akila. you'd say, i'd say her religious ideas slowly took hold in the community. i don't you like build the to your day? hello, miss middle celibacy was introduced in 1886. i li, celibacy, probably because horatio and anna had grown apart. a camila,
1:22 pm
a big lance show, rush over, and it wasn't purely out of spiritual motive. sinead down a lawyer, i'm and he may spill it while until you when enter instructed the group to top sexual abstinence. one young woman lizzy page stood up to her. whoa, lazy shit, ha, ha, lizzie, who was a good friend of anna's, would not accept the commandment of abstinence. meanwhile, i said, my spiritual relationship is a sacred to me as my relationship with my husband. e mcmillan law marana, did not like lizzy's resistance release, even then she banished the couple from the american colony may even after lizzie fell ill. he he thought on, but she died of pneumonia on me,
1:23 pm
and her bite gun been call him after her death. her husband odus returned to the american call at 8 o'clock on american colon. mm. the american consul was determined to disband to commune. he regarded its members, a charlatans, accusing them of loot behaviors. but he didn't succeed. unexpected continued her philanthropic work with zeal and her door was remained open to the navy blue . the next generation of the family went its own way. horatio and anna's daughter, bertha married, frederick vesta, the gym and swiss. she to fight her mother's policy of celibacy and the couple had 6 children. there was also bertha who decided to take in more visitors to the commune. in asking actual pronouncing it took off with the 1st wave of tourists
1:24 pm
beginning in 19031904. when the american company clark tours brought mostly wealthy american travellers to jerusalem. that m. m. the financial groundwork for the hotel had been laid several years earlier in 1896. more than a 100 sweets, drawn in by unexpected vision and ideas, joined the community. the sweets contributed much needed practical skills and help boost to communities, economic prospects. agriculture and handy crafts became an important source of income. the american colony began to flourish and cross blue by then the community had more than a 150 members. the american colony was bursting out of its house and the old city, after the sweets had got there, they were very wealthy at the time they were looking for somewhere that they could
1:25 pm
expand and somewhere they could farm by now they had, they had pixel, they had cows, they were looking for gardens to grow things, looking for space with the group moved to a large estate, which would later become the american colony hotel. ah, at the time it was situated in the midst of olive groves outside the jerusalem city walls. a former palace, with many rooms, a shady court yard and a magnificent garden. an estate with a special atmosphere continues to this day. the move did not change the guiding principles behind the american colony. the members continued their charitable work and were valued as gracious hosts. they quite quickly became
1:26 pm
influential or just that people came to them in the muslims and jews and, and, and christians all came to sing with them even if they didn't speak the language. and they were very good singers, and they sang a lot to lay satar onto. they talked and they talked about life and they taught how to lead a good life. and, and they were not missionaries, they weren't proselytize. and so that people were not threatened by them. small signals offers on the beginning, they use their ability to speak arabic to network with the neighborhood. they initiated social projects. again, they found at a school that also accepted muslim children as well as jewish children who wished to attend i. so they were striving for integration from the starting ins, fattano from unsung an unclean for them. it doesn't matter what you were, because they themselves was strangers. they probably knew what it was to be a stranger, so they were the ones who took the men. when you have
1:27 pm
a philosophy of openness, then of course, does the precursor of hospitality, isn't it? because he tent is open. so i think probably the hotel was a natural development of the philosophy. in under best, his guidance, the hotel flourished. she tastefully blended furnishings from europe in the mid laced, which lent the rooms a distinctive flare. she also had a passion for culture and guests enjoyed evenings of music and excursions to the surrounding area. original buildings still standing today. the ottoman architecture, the round arches and the stone walls have been preserved over the decades with careful restoration work. the original character of the sate remains in tax there is subtle nonce to the past throughout the building.
1:28 pm
ah, the de cool off is the sense of comfort and ease. even the largest suite has a bathroom that is modest and unpretentious in design. history is still visible here. oh, tell trademark the hotel even has its own archive which is tended to with care. it's opened guests who want to delve into the history of the american colony hotel . the swedish arrivals founded a professional photo studio which took tens of thousands of photographs. ah, the expansive collection is one of the kind document of the past. ah,
1:29 pm
weed of the studios quality work spread quickly at the time. you sal gillman? yeah, we him, she me. because we hi, sir vill helm. the 2nd the german emperor visited jerusalem in february 1889. by that time the american colony had already gained experience in photography. so young it was an extraordinary opportunity with you, said golfing. they accompanied the kaiser from the landing in haifa to his arrival in jerusalem, a actually a yellowish lime vey. it piece. they sent the photographs all over europe. a. that was the project that brought them recognition. their hope of the magazine will scream with him, lay clicked the title move, but the photography studio was not their only selling point by 1900. more and more
1:30 pm
wealthy americans began to visit jerusalem. for the 1st time, the american colony began to charge for room and board. ah, the american colony also began to attract visiting writers. ah, m random was sam allowed to live today is the author of the wonderful adventures of neil's whole gazande. ah, similarly for gallium, shall i embrace selma la gala visited jerusalem with her friend sophie elkin in march. 1900, a whole lot more. some say they were a lesbian couple. 0 less be in the spirit, a evey selma had heard about the story of the swedish immigration and thought that it might be a good subject for a novel. sheila, a and the she me knows the fleet di,
1:31 pm
has russia lives in will settle late and she spent 2 weeks interviewing the swedes in jerusalem. be able to line elaine out, i'm your should buy them better. why mean v a not hard to question one year after returning to sweden was she published the novel to jerusalem taylor all based on the ocean 9 jerusalem. it was a best seller in 19 o 9. so monotonous became the 1st woman to be awarded the nobel prize for literature. the american colony hotel welcomed many prominent guests. john steinbeck and graham green stayed there for weeks at a time. the hotel was also popular with hollywood celebrities. m. as at the irma thermal and now when who my thurman came, it was all last minute. there was no will room left for her because she was travelling with her nanny and child of alien that we sent the hotel manager to a friends place. and she got his apartment civil, 100 ethan wood,
1:32 pm
yet the history of the hotel is closely into woven with the history of jerusalem. it's conflicts competing interests and claims to power. jerusalem is wholly to muslims, christians and jews. the city has long been both covetous and contested. oh, in the 19th century, jerusalem was a walled sissy in the middle of the ottoman empire and a turkish royal ah . during world war one, palestine also became a battlefield. the british wanted to put an end to turkish rule in the middle east . jerusalem descended into chaos. many people were injured or lost their lives. ah,
1:33 pm
the american colonies warden with also the american colony was assign tasks by jama pasha, who was supposed to defeat the british in egypt. iowa lockable sullenly bow tie. he came to jerusalem and ordered the establishment of the red crescent to care for wounded soldiers wounded toward him with a fan and the center of the organisation was at the american colony, had the american colony. ah, the commune provided humanitarian aid to the red crescent, took his largest relief organization, members of the religious community care for the wounded. they also organized soup kitchens for the population. after feminine epidemics began to sweep through the city, the american colony avoided all political engagement and insisted on remaining neutral, especially amidst the war. the community followed the lead of anna spafford and her
1:34 pm
daughter, bertha, who later wrote. it was a tense moment in which i asked for guidance. my answer was that we had offered to nurse neither friends nor foes, but humanity. and that our offer held good. mm . mm. in late 1917. the push to control of garza jerusalem was surrounded. the ottoman troops surrendered without a fight. the turkish governor, he was passing, the american colony was told to put out what flag, which is very nice, except he didn't have a white flag. so he went into the hammer calling, i took sheet from one of the beds, tore it, and 2, and walked out to find some british men to surrender to which he did. and the british who took it had no idea what to do with it, because they've never been in a position of accepting a surrender. and bearing in mind that one was a cook,
1:35 pm
a push officer, accepted the surrender. the historic moment was recorded by an american colony photographer. the social graph is the only surviving document of the moment that spelled, the end of 400 years of ottoman rule was captured before the booty should have fishy announced victory. ah, the mission now made to me as mat, in the end, it was mayor who seine, who informed the residents of jerusalem that the turks had surrendered shields. and it was larson, of the american colony who documented it was amy valasics with anything which is general edmond allenby, into jerusalem was deliberate understatement. dismounting and walking through the jaffa gate on foot, on april 25th 1920,
1:36 pm
the victorious allied powers transferred administration of palestine to britain. under the british mandate, jerusalem developed into a modern city, attracting ever more tourists and business people as well as our the jewish immigrants. edmund alan b, who'd been promoted to field marshal, became one of anna spotted welcome guests. business at the american colony hotel was booming. cohen they had, by that time more of us become a toe. you can imagine coming him from england. you defeated the germans in the turks and you find, oh, these people are living a slightly westernized style life at the american colony, the cities cultural classes rub, shoulders ah, one of the most famous guests was thomas edward lawrence, best known as lawrence of arabia and astute observer, brilliant writer,
1:37 pm
an avid tele of tales blue, 93, and especially died good visual. she carried on her spirit through his work and faith, bringing people together and creating places of refuge for her biggest concern. went to the cities disadvantage children. in 1925, she opened an orphanage law . the orphanage would later become spafford children's center, a charitable institution that still occupies the original location in the old city . the foundation provides health, social, and educational support to palestinian children and families in east jerusalem. the seats of the charity were planted on christmas eve in 1925. when beth spafford,
1:38 pm
vesta encountered a bedouin, his sick wife and their baby hospitals were closed and the family had no place to stay. ah, as vacillation rose in him and was he before me stood a rustic madonna and bab and metaphorically speaking, no room for then in the in beth arranged for the family to receive medical attention. but the next morning to father came this his baby and said my wife died. and i don't know how i can take care of these baby because i live in a cave. oh so good come to take to baby and barrett dab said he moved of course she took the baby golden ears but all did he had in this building in walnut 2 weeks high more babies for coming because
1:39 pm
a story like this gets around fatty fast. mm. mm. so this became a baby and especially baby home ah also supported mathis, offering help wherever it was needed most regardless of the recipients background or faith. ah. with the help of the american donations faster soon expand to the orphanage into a children's hospital. busy ah,
1:40 pm
ah, the 900 cities extensions began to rise. the british had promised support for national home for jewish people and also promised the arabs independence. both sides felt boatright. ah, the escalating violence put the american hotel which did not want to take sides to the test? the situation became increasingly tense. in 1936, the arab revolt began. palestine was on the brink of civil war, caught a false exit, isaac this line from 1936 to 1939 during the arab revolt. the american colony, which was right on the border, was very anxious to maintain strict neutrality, can avoid conflict or trouble with any party. and an conflict gotten over the aca
1:41 pm
to become in 1933 jews began to flee germany for palestine by 1939. some 200000 had arrived. arab nationalists began to carry out attacks against the jewish immigrants in the british administration. the american colony hotel found itself in a precarious position during the 2nd world war. there was fighting here in the courtyard hand to hand fighting between the arab leech and under israelis. i was and there was more to us, blew up part of the lobby road entrance lobby and rated the old palm tree that we had in in the summer. barstow had bullet holmes in it. at the same time, i'm in the bertha was still going out to bridge parties. to left spafford vesta was widowed in 1942 by then she was well known as
1:42 pm
a hotel manager. but the hotels hopes for revival after the war would dashed. the conflicts in the city remained unresolved, and visitors stayed away. ah, on may 14th, 1948, the british mandate expired. that same day doth had been good and proclaimed the state of israel. i am, ah, the next day a military coalition of arab states attacks jerusalem again became a battlefield. the american colony hotel was turned into a field hospital situated directly the frontline ah bout us,
1:43 pm
baffled cut in stone bay, the op furthest bafford bag, the arab army not to occupy the house. they didn't want the house to be considered arab territory because of course they never knew what would happen next gate. and the fact that their request was complied with. must have been due to their good relations with the arabs in court of appeals. if it hadn't been for those good relations. neither side would have granted any consideration to the request as fixed cannon, venice, which to the point of it soon became heter. ah, in 1949, a truce was reached between israel and the arab states. the holy city was divided. israel received the western pass. jordan, the east border controls became commonplace, missy, the american colony hotel, fit for its future. as a night, the hotel was cutoff from israel, it was in the,
1:44 pm
our part of town. and the wool made things very difficult for it because it was a war zone on the american economy was on the edge of the was at. so all of a sudden it became a rather economy, bad thing for the american economy. the fact that this a new border, how to rotate, plus of course it lost all its contact with these whitey site, which was probably at the time the site was doing more business with by now. the american colony was a business, lost a lot of its clients, so out of its suppliers. so it was a big show shock and also a culture show. the face of the city, anti tell when linked in the coming years. the hotel was on the brink. oh, the problem was that we weren't and that reached ahead in about 1960 and that's when my father had to come out when the hotel was faced with bankruptcy. ah,
1:45 pm
beth his son horatio vesta was living in london. he decided to return to help site . the hotel horatio had grown up in jerusalem, but left to london at 17. he became a lawyer and married a high spirited actress. when he returned to jerusalem, the ratio promised his wife valentine that he would stay only 6 months. he reorganized the whole structure of the hotel and he started to try and build it up as a, as a hotel with more commercialized facilities. and he convinced my grandmother that we should have somewhere to have drinks a kind of bar because before that you were, you could, we were allowed alcohol. but only if you had it in your room. when the sunsets in
1:46 pm
jerusalem, the hotel turns on its lights. in the summer, the garden bar is a favorite gathering place. it welcomes israelis and palestinians, locals and tourists from all over the world. at the hotel, the mood is one of hospitality to all. with fresh vista managed to avert bankruptcy, but he felt he was still needed at the hotel. his wife joined him with a heavy heart, leaving england living out here as great for horatio as a native arabic speaker and just felt was coming home. and it was not such fun for vow who didn't really like it here and was very fond of england. so as tough valentine refused to give up. eventually she found a new passion. the hotel's garden. oh, she plunged into her project with enthusiasm design in the landscaping. composing
1:47 pm
the flower beds oh, if it's paid off. today, the grounds are known as one of the most lovely of the wolves hotel gardens. i me but the maggie now in war shall geena blew her but i knew nothing about gardening. when i started here go over, they were only olive trees here telemachus gerbert, val was very tough. she explained everything to me or she gathered all the seats herself behind him. she loved flowers and collected them from all over the world. come vance, an avowed, told me to use lighter colors so you could see them at night. i am at lunch them seemed to per hot white pink and bright red in your closet. let me come out of limbo la mamma chromosomes no sophomore,
1:48 pm
born in 1967 at the situation again, grew tense. the arab states began to mobilize, fearing an attack on 3 fronts. israel decided to lodge a preemptive strike. on june 5th, 1967. israel began an air attack against its neighbors, egypt, jordan, and syria. during what became known as the 6 day war. israel also captured east jerusalem the man in no earlyhood to defer. i lowell, that the, the hotel was right on the front line, misled a few rockets hit the square in front of the hotel m e l o that there were no casualties. who am latoya the measure was my country
1:49 pm
a giraffe were but when the israelis captured east jerusalem ready and there were no problems for the hotel. and here, man, everything went on as normal, a muscular ladder to lumala of it. oh, is ralph secured? she tree? good now will die for a 1000000 palestinians in the west bank garza and east jerusalem. the american colony hotel remain neutral. ooh oh, there's the spotted. vesta died in 1968. the hospitality in warmth had succeeded in transforming the american colony into the american colony hotel. ah. ready son horatio and his
1:50 pm
wife valentine, took over the helm slowly, transforming the hotel into a luxury establishment. they installed a swimming pool and fitness room to accommodate the wishes of a new generation of tourists. ah . busy we started to get a reputation for food and so people started to come out, juice started coming out from tel aviv to non cursor food in the only place. so we were, we were importing lobsters. so these rallies could culminate lobster, the american i asked when she asked my father cuz they used to keep the lobsters in the fraser. and i asked my, i said water, nobody, it's a lobster. i knew his i said, how did you deal with the loves is that we get it out of the freezer. we got 2 out of the fraser every day. and i said, well, what if nobody, it's a lobster,
1:51 pm
though we put it back in the freezer. these days there's no re frozen lobster on the menu, but you won't find haute cuisine and 5 star shifts in the kitchen. he either the menu is unpretentious in international featuring fresh fish and vegetables. med sir and club sandwiches. for now, planning to add more organic products to the menu. the hotel news with the times and the wishes of the guests. in the 1980s, the swiss hotelier became general manager, perhaps yet another not to the principle of neutrality. don't go dexter geopolitics . login with your a to spit and see during the geo political context, especially here in jerusalem. so i think it was very wise to turn to swiss management because switzerland plays
1:52 pm
a neutral role all over the world news holiday apollo morning. ursula belmont, many events were held in the hotel book, including many meetings of diplomat will in all of their book with hawk also are going little delegate more of the legit glasses as we say, tell group talk like the management of the american colony hotel for the spafford is, who remain involved in all major decisions, many, the hotel staff palestinians. they work prospects in jerusalem limited, and any one lucky enough to find a job he intends to stay. ah, ah, the hotel exists amidst a state of uncertainty. israeli military road blocks and violent unrest unknown uncommon when egan unfulfilled that this bank up get eagle food. when there was any
1:53 pm
sort of incident and the west bank was sealed off. i had employees who had to travel 3 to 4 hours just to get here for c vosta for them. it was really critical because they weren't supposed to be here. she had to meet, he is on duty. and if they had been caught, and they would have been legal consequences at this, you least should consequence. and he gave no, they take a lot on themselves to keep the hotel running will allow for him to hold. the american colony hotel has succeeded in what remains elusive elsewhere in the country. a peaceful coexistence and they bothered her with an elite daughter who now i can really say that the management takes very good care of the entire staff of yahoo. it doesn't matter if they're jews, christians or muslims, them the matter they care about us. also about our economic situation was of the i 9 departed from sweden,
1:54 pm
guns. many employees live under difficult circumstances. misha withdrawal from my home and, and noticed very sure high up about a year. ah, the situation to palestinians grew more difficult in the 1980s. young palestinians resolved to fight against east wally government and the occupation in 1987. the 1st intifada, which was soon dubbed the war, the stones began, the conflict brought with it violence and death. ah. in 1993 secret talks began between the 2 hostile parties in norway, which became known as the all slow peace process. bought negotiations will also held in jerusalem in room 16 at the american colony hotel.
1:55 pm
these team of this were to get brought us citizens. this room was booked as a meeting room. be honest, but i cashed out of the we noticed when the cars pulled up that it was a mixed delegation. the commission delegates, homo, israeli, palestinian, and international into nocturnal. one of the journalists, a norwegian cast invite a car came over and spoke to me. come down so me on south and you know what's happening was had no clue. ah, it's historical blue negotiations in room 16 continued for days would began to get out. ah knocked him by the ugly humidity for after that we became the local meeting point
1:56 pm
to fall to warner. i made my private apartment available for board meetings and, and we became very close unconscious. as in our son, it was an incredibly exciting time. and it's a time of hopes and dreams from your health. toppled the gland, dusta and madeline. my opened the back door of my shop and made my carpet storage room available. every color few were, can really is to me on the sat, all the negotiators gathered there for 2 to 3 hours that it was happening right before my eyes. and i live in a, mary quint adam. she had a new of many secret things about tyler the and we had the strong feeling that the results would be good for both people up the law can assess how we enroll glare. she in a day stiver the shabby ah, on september 13th, 1993. the eyes of the world we're watching is really prime minister,
1:57 pm
yitzhak rabin and yasser arafat head of the palestinian liberation organisation met in washington dc. ah, yes. arafat and shimon peres than israeli foreign minister, signed the interim agreement of the oslo accords. the 2 sides had come together. peace seemed within reach. danny b, a lan does that during the oslo accords we palestinians were very happy because we thought the piece would happen and conditions would improve grass silhouette, the ha club. those hopes have yet to come to fruition. the dream, everlasting pace is still but a vision. the political situation remains fragile, changing from one day to the next. for the american colony hotel, a hotel spanning 2 worlds. there is only one choice to remain a place of hospitality and welcome open to every one. the environment we live
1:58 pm
in is changing all the time and there was the outside can change and if people don't trust each other on either side, we can help. we can only hope people continue to trust us and people will continue to come to the hotel knowing that we're above it. ah ah ah ah, ah, when will artificial intelligence surpass as i am from the future and
1:59 pm
a i is on the rise. yet already impacts many areas of our daily lives. meanwhile, it has also made inroads into the our world. but just how creative can intelligent machines really be? barked 21. in 30 minutes on d w. o . oh, well, go to the dark side. where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. there was a before 911 and an after 911. he says after $911.00, the clubs came off. where organized crime rules were conglomerates make their own laws?
2:00 pm
what's true, what's big? it doesn't matter. the only criteria is what we'll hook people up. we shed light on the opaque world. who's behind benefits. and why are they a threat to us all? opaque world starts january 5th on d, w ah ah, business d w. news live from the land should nuclear power be seen is green energy. european commission says yes.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on