Skip to main content

tv   Doc Film - Legendary Hotels - The American Colony Hotel Jerusalem  Deutsche Welle  January 1, 2022 9:15am-10:00am CET

9:15 am
would have been 100 in less than 3 weeks. the watching dw news live from berlin. here's a reminder, the top story we're following for you. the funeral of south african archbishop desmond tutu, is underway in cape town to, to was awarded the nobel peace prize for his rule in the struggle against apartheid . he died last sunday at the age of 19 and that's it for now. coming up next, our doc films series on the world's legendary hotels. this time checks in to the american colony hotel in jerusalem. next. pfizer, thanks for watching. ah ah, internet knows all it's creators for everything and we digitize everything. the hot commodity in this global experiment,
9:16 am
our data, the internet of everything starts january 17th on d, w. ah, ah, ah jerusalem. a city sacred to judaism islam and christianity time. and again, it has been full, shabba, destroyed, and rebuilt a city that like few others, has long been the focus of utopian hopes and dreams. and
9:17 am
a flash point in the conflicts that have to fight is the middle east. but it's also a city dotted with havens of quiet and peace, including the american colony hotel oop . an oasis of welcome open to every one. no matter the nationality, ethnicity, or religion. ringback time has left his marks only lightly. here. the hotel remains a haven of tolerance, jews, christians, muslims, israelis and palestinians all work side by side and share a common cause. it's a place of encounter. both staff and guests were at men. mccann moses hotel is the safest place in the area. no place open to wall full door left to a liquidity mess. i think the story of the hotel is
9:18 am
a story one crisis afternoon and with miraculous savings. guests to book a stay in this 5 star hotel are looking for opulence, the mood he is gentle and relaxed. the $94.00 rooms and sweeps in the hotel or for a place of tranquillity. instability in a city that is often anything bought bought. it took decades to this historic building to be transformed into a prestigious hotel. it began a 150 years ago, in a distant place. in the 18 seventy's, chicago was the home of horatio. an honest spafford, horatio spafford was a prominent lawyer, and the family lived in comfort with their 4 daughters. this passage would have
9:19 am
hardison in october, 1871. chicago was devastated by fire. hundreds perished. the spots helped as much as they could, but the great fire had claimed much of the family's investments. 02 years later, the spaniards decided to visit europe and earn fools went to head. one night their ocean liner was rammed by a brutish vessel and sank within minutes. more than 200 people lost their lives, and a spot had survived. but her 4 daughters had drowned. lou, anna and horatio tried to rebuild their lives after the tragedy. they had 3 more children, but their only son died of scarlet fever at the age of 4. some years later, when 1881, the spot was decided to leave chicago with their 2 youngest daughter's bertha and
9:20 am
grace joining a small pilgrimage that set sail to jerusalem. it was an invalid. i declined that in less vinkadesh. jerusalem was a small city in a corner of the ottoman empire in a walled city. i considered wholly by all 3 monotheistic religions, highly. they all shared the belief that when the messiah returned, he would 1st appear in jerusalem annual silence. yes, count. oh, the small american congregation moved into a house in the old town in the muslim quarter. they had no desire to be missionaries. they were waiting for the fulfillment of the biblical prophecy, the 2nd coming of christ, ah, is bedford's milligan. i again, as it is backwards formed their very own private and personal sex and were convinced that the messiah would come the following year at easter to austin. they
9:21 am
went up the mount of olives every sunday case that christ had arrived on the mount of olives. and i think some of the community were quite prepared to accidentally run into jesus christ on the street with a 30 might just be walking around in the old city. anywhere with like each other, your mouth shall have to say, i find it difficult to describe anna's buffer to show me know if there's something i really like about her. say, oh, been that many people were afraid of her much a multi time. she was a strong woman, beloved nichol shebaway. the american colony developed had a lot to do with her on a li akilah. you'd say, i'd say her religious ideas slowly took hold in the community. i don't rely, build that to your day. hello, miss. middle for celibacy, was introduced in 1886. i li, celibacy, probably because horatio and anna had grown apart. a commute,
9:22 am
a big lance show rash over and it wasn't purely out of spiritual motives. zeniah down a lawyer, i'm me, me a spirit. wiling pill william when enter instructed the group to top sexual abstinence one young woman lizzy page stood up to her. whoa, lazy, shit, ha, ha, lizzie, who was a good friend of anna's, would not accept the commandment of abstinence. the, i'm willing to say, my spiritual relationship is as sacred to me as my relationship with my husband. e mcmillan law marana did not like lizzy's resistance release, even then she banished the couple from the american colony may, even after lizzie fell ill. he, he thought on, but she died of pneumonia, hold on me and her bite. the gunman call him after her death. her husband odus
9:23 am
returned to the american call at 8 o'clock on the american academy. the american consul was determined to disband to commune. he regarded its members as charlatans, accusing them of loot behaviors. but he didn't succeed. unexpected continued her philanthropic work with zeal and her door was remained open to the navy. blue. the next generation of the family went its own way. horatio and anna's daughter, bertha married, frederick vista, the gym and swiss. she to fight her mother's policy celibacy and the couple had 6 children. there was also bertha who decided to take in more visitors to the commune in asking actual financing. it took off with a 1st wave of tourists beginning in 19031904. when the american company clark tours
9:24 am
brought mostly wealthy american travellers to jerusalem couples allen proctor m. the financial groundwork for the hotel had been laid several years earlier in 1896. more than a 100 sweets, drawn in by unexpected vision and ideas, joined the community. the sweets contributed much needed practical skills and help boost to communities, economic prospects. agriculture and handy crafts became an important source of income. the american colony began to flourish and cross blue by then the community had more than a 150 members. the american colony was bursting out of its house and the old city, after the sweets had got there, they were very wealthy at the time they were looking for somewhere that they could expand and somewhere they could farm by now they had,
9:25 am
they had pixels at cows they were looking for gardens to grow things, looking for space with the group moved to a large estate, which would later become the american colony hotel. ah, at the time it was situated in the midst of olive groves outside the jerusalem city walls. a former palace, with many rooms, a shady court yard and a magnificent garden, an est with a special atmosphere. it continues to this day. the move did not change the guiding principles behind the american colony. the members continued their charitable work and were valued as gracious hosts. they quite quickly became
9:26 am
influential or just that people came to them in the muslims and jews, and, and, and christians all came to sing with them even if they didn't speak the language. and they were very good singers, and they sang a lot to lay, sat around, they talked and they talked about life and they taught how to lead a good life. and, and they were not missionaries, they weren't proselytize. and so that people were not threatened by them smells, it was all for from the beginning. they used their ability to speak arabic to network with the neighborhood that they initiated social project select. they founded a school that also accepted muslim children as well as jewish children. who wished to attend, i, so they were striving for integration from the start. i know that song off an unfair, an unclear for them. it doesn't matter what you were because they themselves was strangers. they probably knew what it was to be a stranger, so they were the ones who took the men. when you have a philosophy of openness,
9:27 am
then of course, thus the precursor of hospitality, isn't it? because he attends his open. so i think probably the hotel was a natural development of the philosophy in under best, his guidance, the hotel flourished. she tastefully blended furnishings from europe in the mid laced, which lent the rooms a distinctive flare. she also had a passion for culture and guests enjoyed evenings of music and excursions to the surrounding area. original buildings still standing today. the ottoman architecture, the round arches and the stone walls have been preserved over the decades with careful restoration work. the original character of the state remains intact. there was subtle nonce to the pass throughout the building.
9:28 am
ah, the de cool off is the sense of comfort and ease. even the largest suite has a bathroom that is modest and unpretentious in design. history is still visible here. oh, tell trademark the hotel even has its own archive which is tended to with care. it's opened guests who want to delve into the history at the american colony hotel . ah. the swedish arrivals founded a professional photo studio which took tens of thousands of photographs. ah, the expansive collection is one of the kind document of the past. ah,
9:29 am
weed of the studios quality work spread quickly at the time. you sal gillman? yeah, we him, she me. because of the keyser vill helm, the 2nd the german emperor visited jerusalem in february 1889. by that time the american colony had already gained experience in photography. so young, it was an extraordinary opportunity to say, often they accompanied the kaiser from the landing in haifa to his arrival in jerusalem, a actually yellow, shall i, may it be. they sent the photographs all over europe a. that was the project that brought them recognition. their hope of america zane will scream with him lay clicked. the title, move to photography studio was not their only selling point by 1900. more and more wealthy americans began to visit jerusalem for the 1st time the american colony began to charge for room and
9:30 am
board. ah, the american colony also began to attract visiting writers. ah m one was sam allowed to live today? is the author of the wonderful adventures of niels, wholesome, ah, similar electric yellow, shall i embrace selma love. i love visited jerusalem with her friend sophie elkin in march. 1900 a whole lot more. some say they were a lesbian couple. so let's be in the spirit. a evey selma had heard about the story of the swedish immigration and thought that it might be a good subject for a novel. sheila, a and the she knows the fleet tie us russia live in will settle late and she spent 2 weeks interviewing the swedes in jerusalem. be able to line elaine out,
9:31 am
i'm your should buy them bad. some swine m u v. a not hard to question one year after returning to sweden was she published the novel to jerusalem taylor all based on the ocean 9 jerusalem. it was a best seller in 19 o 9. so monotonous became the 1st woman to be awarded the nobel prize for literature. the american colony hotel welcomed many prominent guests. john steinbeck and graham green stayed there for weeks at a time. the hotel was also popular with hollywood celebrities and measured the ama thurman and now when, oh my thurman came. it was all last minute. there was no will room left for her because she was travelling with her nanny and child really that we sent the hotel manager to a friend's place. and she got his apartments level 100000 would year. the history of the hotel is closely into woven with the history of jerusalem. its
9:32 am
conflicts, competing interests and claims to power. jerusalem is wholly to muslims, christians and jews. the city has long been both covetous and contested. oh, in the 19th century, jerusalem was a walled city in the middle of the ottoman empire and a turkish royal ah . during world war one, palestine also became a battlefield. the british wanted to put an end to turkish rule in the middle east . jerusalem descended into chaos. many people were injured or lost their lives. ah, the american colonies warden with of the american colony was assign tasks by jama
9:33 am
pasha, who was supposed to defeat the british in egypt. iowa lucky nobles allenwood bow tie. he came to jerusalem and ordered the establishment of the red crescent to care for wounded soldiers wounded toward him with a fan and the center of the organisation was at the american colony, the american colony. ah, the commune provided humanitarian aid to the red crescent, took his lot just relief, organization, members of the religious community care for the wounded. they also organized soup kitchens for the population. after feminine epidemics began to sweep through the city, the american colony avoided all political engagement and insisted on remaining neutral, especially amidst the war. the community followed the lead of anna spafford and her daughter, bertha, who later wrote. it was
9:34 am
a tense moment in which i asked for guidance. my answer was that we had offered to nurse neither friends nor foes, but humanity. and that our offer held good. mm . mm. in late 1917. the push to control of garza jerusalem was surrounded. the ottoman troops surrendered without a fight. the turkish governor, he was passing, the american colony was told to put out one flag, which is very nice except he didn't have a white flag. so he went into the mar calling, they took sheet from one of the beds, tore it into 2, and walked out to find some british men to surrender to which he did. and the british who took it had no idea what to do with it, because they'd never been in a position of accepting a surrender. and bearing in mind that one was a cook, a bush officer, accepted the surrender. the historic moment was recorded by an american colony
9:35 am
photographer. this photograph is the only surviving document of the moment that spelled, the end of 400 years of ottoman gro was captured before the booty should have fishy announced victory. ah, the mission now made miasma. in the end, it was mayor who seine, who informed the residence of jerusalem that the turks had surrendered. she was, and it was larson, of the american colony who documented it was amy valasics with anything which is general. edmond allenby, and to jerusalem was deliberate understatement. dismounting and walking through the jaffa gate on foot, on april 25th 1920, the victorious allied powers transferred administration of palestine to britain.
9:36 am
under the british mandate, jerusalem developed into a modern city attracting ever more tourists and business people, as well as our good jewish immigrants. edmund alan b, who'd been promoted to field marshal, became one of anna spotted welcome guests. business at the american colony hotel was booming. the colony had, by that time more of us become a toe. you can imagine coming him from england. you defeated the germans in the turks and you find, oh, these people are living slightly western eyes styled life. at the american colony, the cities culture classes rub, shoulders ah, one of the most famous guests was thomas edward laurence, best known as lawrence of arabia and astute observer, brilliant writer, an avid teller of tales
9:37 am
blue. 1923 and especially died of visual she carried on her spirit to through her work and faith, bringing people together and creating places of refuge for her biggest concern. went to the cities, disadvantage children. in 1925, she opened an orphanage more yoga. the orphanage would later become spafford children's center, a charitable institution that still occupies the original location in the old city . the foundation provides health, social, and educational support to palestinian children and families in east jerusalem. the seats of the charity were planted on christmas eve in 1925. when beth spafford, vesta encountered a bedouin,
9:38 am
his sick wife and their baby hospitals were closed and the family had no place to stay. ah, as beth alicia rose in her memoirs, he before me stood a rustic madonna and bab and metaphorically speaking, no room for then in even better arrange for the family to receive medical attention. bought the next morning to father came this his baby and said my wife died. and i don't know how i can take care of this baby because i live in a case. oh so and down to take to baby and barrett of was that he moved of course she took the baby golden airs that all did he had in this building in one or 2 weeks time war babies for tommy. because a story like this gets around fatty fast. mm.
9:39 am
mm. so this became a baby. and especially baby home. mm hm. also supported mathis offering help wherever it was needed most regardless of the recipients background or faith. mm. with the help of the american donations expressed a soon expand to the orphanage into a children's hospital. busy ah,
9:40 am
in the 900 cities tensions began to rise. the british had promised support for national home for jewish people and also promised the arabs independence. both sides felt betrayed. ah! the escalating violence put the american hotel, which did not want to take sides to the test. the situation became increasingly tense. in 1936, the arab revolt began palestine was on the brink of civil war, caught a false exit, isaac this 9 from 1936 to 1939 during the arab revolt. the american colony, which was right on the border, was very anxious to maintain strict neutrality. trash can avoid conflict or trouble with any party and young conflict graphite where the actual become
9:41 am
in 19 says he, 3 jews began to flee germany for palestine by 1939. some 200000 had arrived. arab nationalists began to carry out attacks against the jewish immigrants in the british administration. the american colony hotel found itself in a precarious position during the 2nd world war. there was fighting here in the courtyard, hand to hand fighting between the arab legion and the israelis. i was and there was more to us, blew up part of the lobby, the entrance lobby and rigid the old palm tree that we had in the in the summer. barstow had bullet holmes on it. at the same time, i mean the bertha was still going out to bridge parties to left a staff at vista was widowed in 1942 by then she was well known as a hotel manager. but the hotels hopes for revival after the war would dashed. the
9:42 am
conflicts in the city remained unresolved, and visitors stayed away. ah, on may 14th, 1948. the british mandate expired. that same day doth had been goody, and proclaimed the state of israel. i am with the next i admitted tree coalition of arab states attacks jerusalem again became a battlefield. the american colony hotel was turned into a field hospital, situated directly the frontline ah bat us baffled cut in standish the adopt bertha's bafford bag,
9:43 am
the arab army not to occupy the house. they didn't want the house to be considered arab territory because of course they never knew what would happen next i gave. and the fact that their request was complied with. must have been due to their good relations with the arabs, adequate of its yields, if it hadn't been for those good relations. neither side would have granted any consideration to the request. as with fish, gillam bennett was disappointed at silk again. meta ha! in 1949, a truce was reached between israel and the arab states. the holy city was divided. israel received the western pers, jordan, the east border controls became come a place in the city. the american colony hotel fit for its future. as a night, though, towel was cut off from israel. it was in the, our part of town and the wall made things very difficult for it because it was
9:44 am
a war zone on the american colony was on the edge of the was it? so all of a sudden it became a rather economically bad thing for the american colonies. the fact that this a new border had, he wrote it, plus of course it lost all its contact with these weighty site, which was probably at the time the site was to him or business went by now the american colony was a business lost a lot of its clients, so out of its suppliers. so it was a big show shock and also culture show the face of the city anto tell were linked in the coming years. the hotel was on the brink. oh, the problem was that we weren't and that reached ahead in about 1960 and that's when my father had to come out when the hotel was faced with bankruptcy. ah,
9:45 am
beth is sun horatio. vesta was living in london. he decided to return to help site . the hotel horatio had grown up in jerusalem, but left for london at 17. he became a lawyer and married a high spirited axis. when he returned to jerusalem, horatio promised his wife valentine, that he would stay only 6 months. he reorganized the whole structure of the hotel and he started to try and build it up as a, as a hotel with more commercialized um facilities. and he convinced my grandmother that we should have summer to have drinks a kind of bah. because before that you were your career allowed alcohol, but on if you had it in your room. when the sunsets in jerusalem, the hotel turns on its light. in the summer, the garden bar is
9:46 am
a favorite gathering place. it welcomes israelis and palestinians, locals and tourists from all over the world at the hotel. the mood is one of hospitality to all a crash vest and managed to avert bankruptcy. but he felt he was still needed at the hotel. his wife joined him with a heavy heart. living in the living out here was great for horatio as a native arabic speaker and just felt it was coming home. and it was not such fun for thou, who didn't really like it here and was very fond of england. so it was tough. valentine refused to give up. eventually she found a new passion, the hotels garden. oh, she plunged into her project with enthusiasm, designing the landscaping, composing the flower beds oh,
9:47 am
if it's paid off. today the grounds are known as one of the most lovely of the world's hotel gardens only, but the maggie now in war shall geena blew her, but i knew nothing about gardening. when i started here, go over, they were only olive trees here, telemachus read there, but that was very tough. she explained everything to me over. she gathered all the seeds myself behind him. she loved flowers and collected them from all over the world. come vance and val told me to use lighter colors so you could see them at night. i am at lunch. them seemed a hot white pink and bright red in your classes. them come out of limbo. la mama go mazar knox of maud boil. in 1967,
9:48 am
the situation again, grew tense. the arab states began to mobilize, fearing an attack on 3 fronts. israel decided to launch a preemptive strike. on june 5th, 1967. israel began an air attack against its neighbors, egypt, jordan and syria. during what became known as the 6 day war. israel also captured east jerusalem they may know who are the hut the defer? i low. well, that the, the hotel was right on the front line visit. a few rockets hit the square in front of the hotel mirror, that there were no casualties who i am. let's read them as you, as my country a giraffe. well, but when the israelis captured east jerusalem already and there were no problems
9:49 am
for the hotel, and here, man, everything went on as normal, a muscular ladder to lumala of at o israel secuity tree. it now ruled for legion palestinians in the west bank garza and east jerusalem. the american colony hotel remain neutral, lou for this is beth advanced to died in 1968. the hospitality in warmth had succeeded in transforming the american colony into the american colony hotel for his son, horatio and his wife. valentine, took over the helm slowly, transforming the hotel into
9:50 am
a luxury establishment. they installed a swimming pool and fitness room to accommodate the wishes of a new generation of tourists. ah. busy we started to get a reputation for food and so people started to come out, juice started coming out from tel aviv to non cursor food in the only place that we were, we were importing lobsters. so these rallies could come in a lobster. the american i asked when she asked my father cuz they used to keep the lobsters in the fraser. and i asked nice, i sort of nobody, it's a lobster. i knew his i said, how did you deal with the loves? he said, we get it out of the freezer. we got 2 out of the fraser every day. and i said, well, what if nobody, it's a lobster. though we put it back in the fraser these
9:51 am
days. there's no re frozen lobster on the menu. but you won't find hoard cuisine and 5 star shifts in the kitchen. he either the menu is unpretentious in international featuring fresh fish and vegetables. med sir, and club sandwiches. the now planning to add more organic products to the menu. the hotel news with the times and the wishes of the guests. in the 1980s the swiss hotelier became general manager, perhaps yet another not to the principle of neutrality, nor god, dixtel geopolitics login with your old was bitten. see during the geopolitical context. especially here in jerusalem, so i think it was very wise to turn to switch management because switzerland plays a neutral role all over the world news holiday aquarella. morning ursula belmont,
9:52 am
many events were held in the hotel book, including many meetings of diplomat will in all day with hawk, also little delegate more. mm hm. the let, the dresses excuse i tell group took like the management of the american colony hotel for the spafford is who remain involved in all major decisions. many of the hotel staff, a palestinians. they work prospects in jerusalem a limited and any one lucky enough to find a job he intends to stay. ah, ah, the hotel exists amidst a state of uncertainty. israeli military road blocks and violent unrest, unknown uncommon when egon done for follow that this bank up get eagle food when there was any sort of incident and the west bank was sealed off. i had employees
9:53 am
who had to travel 3 to 4 hours just to get here for sieve. understand for them it was really critical because they weren't supposed to be here. she had to meet. he is on duty fin if they had been caught and they would have been legal consequences . her tissue list should consequence and he gave no, they take a lot on themselves to keep the hotel running will allow for him to hold. the american colony hotel has succeeded in what remains elusive elsewhere in the country. a peaceful coexistence and no bother with a $1000000.00 a i can really say that the management takes very good care of the entire staff of yahoo. it doesn't matter if they're jews, christians or muslims shipped them the matter they care about us. and also about our economic situation was of iananda had it m swaim gun. many employees live under difficult circumstances. mister mccoy, from my home and
9:54 am
a notice very shy at the very if ah, the situation to palestinians grew more difficult. in the 1980s. young palestinians resolved to fight against these rally government and the occupation in 1987. the 1st intifada, which was soon dubbed the war, the stones began, the conflict brought with it violence and death ah. in 1993 secret talks began between the 2 hostile parties in norway, which became known as the all slow peace process. bought negotiations will also held in jerusalem in room 16 if the american colony hotel uses to move this war to port all citizens. this room was booked as
9:55 am
a meeting room. the ominous, but i cashed out. how do we noticed when the cars pulled up? that it was a mixed delegation, the commission delegates, yuma, israeli, palestinian, and international into knoxville. one of the journalists, a norwegian cast invite, a car came over and spoke to me, come down to me on south and you know what's happening was, had no clue. ah, it's historical blue negotiations in room 16 continued for days i would began to get out ah knocked him by the ugly humidity for after that we became the local meeting point default to bonham. i made my private apartment available for board meetings and,
9:56 am
and we became very close unconscious as in our son, it was an incredibly exciting time when it's a time of hopes and dreams from golf tucked up. when desta and mal am, i opened the back door of my shaw of it and made my carpet storage room available every few were can really is to me or in the sat all the negotiators gathered there for 2 to 3 hours that it was happening right before my eyes can i live in america and adam for you. and you have many secret things about tyler the and we had the strong feeling that the results would be good for both people that love the law. ganley's says how we enroll glare. she in a day stiver, the shabby in awe on september 13th, 1993. the eyes of the bold watching is ready, prime minister, yitzhak rabin, and yasser arafat head of the palestinian liberation organization,
9:57 am
met in washington dc. ah, yes, the arafat and shimon peres than israeli foreign minister, signed the interim agreement of the ost level codes. the 2 sides had come together . piece seemed within reach. anybody that does it during the oslo accords we palestinians were very happy because we thought that piece would happen and conditions would improve. roll ross silhouette, the half of those hopes have yet to come to fruition. the dream, everlasting pace is still but a vision. the political situation remains fragile, changing from one day to the next. for the american colony hotel, a hotel spanning to wills, there is only one choice to remain a place of hospitality and welcome open to every one. the environment we live in is changing all the time and that was the outside can change and if people
9:58 am
don't trust each other on either side, we can help. we can only hope that people continue to trust us and people will continue to come to the hotel, knowing that we're above it. ah ah ah ah ah, in good shape. what is the secret to happiness? scientists have been researching that easel question for century. and they still
9:59 am
are today good hormones to promote your life. so how do you stimulate them from sunshine to chocolate? the stepping stones to being happier? in good shape? in 30 minutes. oh wow. that was used crime fighters are back africa's most successful radio drama series, continues them all episodes are available online. and of course you can share and this goes on d, w, africa's facebook page and other social media platforms, crime fighters, tune in now eco, india. how can a country's economy grow in harmony with its people and the environment when there
10:00 am
are doers? who look at the bigger picture? india, a country that faces many challenges and whose people are striving to create a sustainable future clever projects from europe and india. eco, india by d w with, oh, this is a d w. news live from berlin, south africa bids farewell to an anti apartheid hero.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on