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tv   Lesenswert  Deutsche Welle  December 25, 2021 7:00pm-7:31pm CET

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how much was can really do we still have time to work? i'm doing with subscribe or more with ah ah, this is dw news lie from berlin, blasting off for a new era of astronomy. a revolutionary new telescope is launched into space. it's hope for james webb. telescope will be able to tell us more about the origins of the universe. also coming up, thousands came to the streets of sudan,
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calling for democracy. 2 months after a military coup. security forces fire tear gas to disperse the crowds and cut off internet service in a bid to stop the latest protest. and, and his annual christmas address. german president, frank walters. ty meyer appeals for unity amid the tensions and frustrations of the pandemic. anti thanks. the silent majority who chose to get vaccinated ah a marion evanston, it's good to have you with us. scientists are celebrating the launch of the most powerful telescope ever built. the james web space telescope lifted off a border rocket from the european space agency base in french kiana. it's hope it'll provide new in science about the origins of the universe and possibly extra
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terrestrial life. and start over with dr. big collision, a new era of space exploration takes off on board the biggest and most advanced astronomical observatory ever launched. the james web space telescope will help solve mysteries about the formation of stars, and scan exit planets for signs of life. celebrations back on earth at the european space agency space in french kiana. scientists are ecstatic about the discoveries to come wept mission to understand excell planets. i think goes really to some of the core of our humanity. these fundamental questions of, are we alone in the universe? where do we come from? where do we go? the universe is so huge. and i think that out there somewhere, there will be life. but we don't know. we have to build large instruments to tell.
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and where will make a big leap in that direction. it took some 3 decades of work and almost $10000000000.00 to build the giant telescope. teams from european canadian and us space agencies collaborated on the development the massive gold plated mirror. and it's tennis court sized sun shield were designed to fold up into the launch rocket at its core, a powerful infrared lens which can penetrate clouds of gas and dust deep into pots of time and space, never before observed. or we have had some infrared telescopes in the past, but they've been much, much smaller than web. so there will be many powerful tools that this telescope will have that just were had not been available to us in the past. so it's going to be that's why it's revolutionary, why we're all excited about it. the james web telescope is now traveling to its
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final destination more than 4 times further than the moon. it will be 6 months before it can collect scientific data. a long wait for scientists there barely a blip in the soon to be revealed time span of the universe. and we can now speak to dr. stephanie milan. she is a planetary scientists at nasa goddard space flight center in greenbelt, maryland. dr. milan, it's so great at to have you on the program, so we understand you're part of the team behind the james web space telescope. so can you tell us, 1st of all, what you're expecting to see with this telescope? and honestly, will we see signs of extra terrestrial life? absolutely. we are expecting to actually see the 1st stars and galaxies of our universe. those the formed right after the big bang after all of the chaos from the big bag. and we're going to be looking at planets around other stars and trying to
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search for earth 2 point. oh, we're looking not necessarily for life itself, but we're going to be looking at atmospheres of planets to see whether or not any of those atmosphere is actually looked like our own. or maybe they have a unique chemistry that would suggest that there's something going on that perturbing that planet. be it a geologic process or possibly a biologic process, but something that will intrigue enough that will do some followup studies. not only with j w s t, but also with other facilities in the future. so this telescope was launched to day and what happens next? how soon can we actually see the images? it was a huge milestone for us today to get launched. though we still have a long journey ahead, we're going a 1000000 miles away from the earth and we have a month to get there. so within the next month,
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we will be on our journey to the 2nd look garage point. but also on that journey we're going to be unfolding the telescope because it had to be folded up to fit inside the fairing of the rocket. we now have to do all of these deployments. there's over $300.00 points of failure to do this. so we still have quite a few challenges to get through over the next month. once we're there, we're going to be commissioning the telescope. we have to focus the mirror, we have to turn on the instruments and make sure everything's working properly before we have our 1st science and strict are images that can be released to the public. so after about 6 months time, that's when you can expect to see the 1st data coming from j, w s t. and the 1st image is and when science is going to begin for the community. so i guess we still have to be a little bit patient. now. we used to consider the famous hobbled telescope as being revolutionary. will the james web space telescope then completely replace the
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hubble telescope and just how much more advanced is the new one? so it is not going to replace the hubble space telescope. in fact, hubble is still operational and healthy. j w s t is actually very complimentary to hubble space telescope. so hobble as an optical telescope. it seems like the same way that you and i do, where is the james web space? telescope is an infrared telescope, so it actually is almost like using night vision goggles. we're looking for thermal energy or heat from objects around the solar system in our galaxy and in the universe. it is going to be revolutionary because we have access now to these, these wavelengths and sensitivity a capability with a james web space telescope that we haven't had with any other facility. so it's like taking hovel, moving it to a whole different area of science, and really started studying some of the fundamental things that we haven't been
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able to to really understand with the hubble space telescope, just due to the nature of the, the observatory itself. so j w s t is definitely going to rewrite the textbooks and it's going to be as revolutionary as the hubble space telescope was for. for the last generation, dr. stephanie milan from nasa got her face flight center. thank you so much for all of your insights. thank you so much for having me. but sooner attention now to sudan, where thousands of people have been protesting in the capital cartoon. they're calling for a transition to civilian rule 2 months after a military coup. security forces, fire tear gas and restricted phone lines and internet services in an effort to stop the rallies. sudan is currently led by an interim government of civilian and military leaders. but the pro democracy movement is demanding that the military step back from politics was bring in d. w. africa correspondent,
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felix marina, who's been following the story for us from nairobi. hello to you, felix. so tell us what you've been hearing from the sudanese capital. hi. so, but what has been happening so done is that the protest, those who had the field to the corporate world have vis evening, been re cheating box of our homes. and as they retreated, they were singing and chanting, revolutionary songs, the internet and phone lines are still out and so protest, those are not able to communicate amongst themselves. and lastly, the protest was, ah, so the protest i managed to get the palace where, which, which was actually part of their plan for their day. and they have vowed to continue piling more pressure on the military and our feelings. what exactly are the protesters demands?
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so the protest as are demanding by the military relinquishes both political and economic power. secondly, the protest as are demanding that those who perpetrated and organized there could be brought to book. and lastly, the protest as once a resumption of the process towards that route to democracy. so that is that those are the 3 main demands that they protest as have been having all through this particular period. so we mentioned that tear gas has been used against the protesters also that the internet services have been cut off. how difficult are sedans, security forces than making it for people to exercise their democratic right to protest. so for instance, leg yesterday evening, the military got into cars too and they blocked the 3 main passageways or the 3 men bridges that leading into their capital so that it would make difficult for their people to walk into a capital. and secondly, to do
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a lot of tear gas canisters while through and i, they protest as what i and gas colonels will actually thrown up a protest as end. i thought kind of forced them at some point to actually retreat before they finally had decided to keep fighting. and lastly, at this evening as a protest of largely leaving the city to warm a number of them. busy have been arrested in their forms confiscated and they are saying that they do not expect the military to return those funds for the actually thing that military has to learn from them. definitely is africa correspond and felix maria. thank you so much for your reporting. german president, frank val just, i admire him, has delivered his annual christmas address with a major focus this year on the pandemic. he urged germans to continue to respect each other to spine disagreements over corona,
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virus restrictions and vaccines. the president also looked back at some of the key events of the year, including the change of government at home, and the taliban take over and afghanistan. 2021 has been an exhausting year for germany. on the political stage, the miracle era ended, and september's general election marked a turning point. the president's christmas message praised the democratic handover of power in what he called an atmosphere of mutual respect. but it was also the year when the taliban swept to power across afghanistan, bringing postwar germany largest overseas military operation to an end west and forces pulled back and the buddhist van flew home to many. it looked like failure. stein my acknowledge that as well as other clouds on the international horizon, the ones that was i dont,
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and we remember our soldiers who returned home from afghanistan and also the people who have remained there amid suffering and star vacant. we are concerned by the news we hear from many regions of our turbulent world, also, and particularly from eastern europe as of the offer. but the president's message, as is traditional, was also one of hope. he praised the solidarity people show during the severe some of floods in germany, especially the volunteers who helped with the clean up, gave money and time. so the rebuilding could begin. as the year ends, the coven, 19 crises, still looms over national life. protests against government rules have flared off across germany. but stone maya said, even from the pandemic, positive lessons could be learned. this building, we say by half the 2 years frustration is growing. irritability is widespread,
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though we're increasingly seeing alienation and regrettably open aggression. democracy is true that in a democracy, we do not all have to be of the same opinion. but i appeal to you to remember this . we are one country on the pandemic is over. we need still to be able to look one another in the eye. and when the pandemic is over, we still want to live with each other. after funding me not commit another leave, it is address, the president even posed a philosophical question. what is freedom? he suggested it sometimes means accepting restrictions in order to help others. that notion of solidarity and sacrifice may be needed still in the year ahead. and you can watch the german president's christmas address in full at the end of this news bulletin. well, now let's turn our attention to some of the other stories making headlines around the world. the me and mar, military has been accused of killing at least 30 people from the ethnic. karen
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minority in the countries east witnesses st. they were killed while trying to flee, fighting between the army and resistance groups. in mars, military government has not commented on the allegations. after nearly 3 months, scientists have declared the volcanic eruption on the spanish island of palmer officially over. it began on september 19th and ended suddenly on december 13th, the volcanoes activity led to the evacuation of thousands of residents and destroyed vast stretches of farmland and more than $3000.00 buildings. hope francis has delivered his annual christmas address from the balcony of saint peter's basilica, or b at or be meaning to the city and the world. the pontiff prayed for more corona virus vaccines to reach the world's poorest nations. and for peace in war torn countries like syria and yemen, a mid rise in corona virus cases in italy, the crowd was much smaller than in past years. all christians around the
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world have been marking christmas day, but in many parts of europe, the celebrations have been scaled back amid a massive surge of coven 19 cases. thousands of people across britain have taken the opportunity to get vaccinated. the daily infection rate in the u. k jumped above 100000 this week for the 1st time. it's not something you can find wrapped under the tree. but the gift of health is what thousands of brits are looking for this christmas. this vaccination center is one of many open during the holidays, with the goal of fulfilling the prime minister's promise to offer every adult a job before the end of the year. odd was totally on the imaginable unfathomable, by anybody that we could have a christmas or even the whole year like this. this has been primarily accord, vaccination, the area not unprecedented by the u. k. is grappling with its
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latest surgeon cases fueled by the army. kron variant hospitals are bracing for another massive wave of cove it in this hospital in france, one of the country's biggest healthcare work is fear. they may soon run out of beds for new patients. france reach to record high number of infections on friday, registering 94000 cases. most of the patient spending christmas day in this. i see you are on vaccinated trip, who she booked every thought a lot about the fact that i refused to be vaccinated. if i had been vaccinated, i would not have needed this level of intensive care, or do you, mr. hulu? lexus or the vaccine is not a danger. he was, it's a possibility of escaping ish, something more serious in the netherlands. the decorations are up,
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but no one's around to enjoy them. people here is spending another christmas in lockdown. we hope the next is going to be rather was, is like with her 2 years ago and all the court all over again. okay. first christmas book of other years going to be bothered with it's actually with here and around the world. people are hoping that next year santa's gift will be ameria christmas. you're watching the w news coming to you from berlin. leave you now with german president frank walter shy myers annual christmas address. thanks for watching lou leave alonza savannah guzman of found is z. allah. there hobbs. up. see these are
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full viner. ah ah ah, with
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who the show that the issue is shaping the continents of detail news africa with where gone with what's making the headlines and what's behind in the way on the streets to
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give you enough reports on the inside all the trend. my talk to you next on d w. m. the country's dance distances, lulu the views from the windows, hinted them and woke to the passengers expect when they disembarked. riding the rails across mongolia. an extraordinary experience. in 45 minutes on w. o. the landscape. a reflection of
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a turbulent history. the cities, the mosaic of different people and languages. e, ron's mountains reveal unparalleled beauty as well. yeah, the scenery is magnificent, but people are warm and are cuisine is exceptionally ah, a special look at a special country. iran from above. starts december 27th on d, w. ah, this is the debbie news africa with a special edition coming up on the program. that's right, we're looking at some of the top stories we reported on this year. cobit 19, they were more ways more locked down. this new variance and vaccine the conflict in ethiopia.

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