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tv   In Good Shape  Deutsche Welle  December 19, 2021 10:30pm-11:01pm CET

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for the christmas, my hulu, one of the most beautiful german traditions checking in 30 minutes. d, w. every journey begins with the 1st step and every language with the 1st word launch pinnacle rico is in germany to learn german. why not learn with him? it's simple online, on your mobile and free to shop, t w's, e learning course, nico speak, german made easy. how can drones both cheap and versatile at volunteer research? both on the show we had to japan where new and old technologies are being used to make stunning replications of art. but we begin with a close up look at the james web space. telescope. scientists have great hopes for
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it to discover the i'd love. ah, welcome to to morrow to day. the science show on d. w. 321, and what dog display. so we'll discuss with the hubble space telescope window on the universe just over 30 years ago. travel space telescope was launched into orbit it's been sending back stunning images from the depth of space ever since. thousands of publications have been written based on his observations, but with advancing age that comes advancing new technology. and thus hubble is due to be replaced by the james web space telescope. soon after the launch has been delayed several times in the past, one of the most expensive signs of ec endeavors is now ready to go.
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oh, humanities, new i in the sky succeeds the renowned hubble space telescope, hobbles, eap. uncle discoveries were only possible because astronauts could reach out to install a new instrumentation. oak hubble is positioned only 500 kilometers above the earth . the new james wham telescope, however, will be beyond human reach. it will remain in the earth shadow, some one and a half 1000000 kilometers away. tracking the planets orbit around the sun. the base of the satellite telescope will permanently face sun words. a sun shade, the size of a tennis court will stretch across its supply unit. it will shield the telescope and it's instruments from light pollution. with the wind telescope, 6 and a half meter mirror dwarfs hovels reflector,
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it's made up of 18. hexagonal segments coated with a thin layer of vaporized gold, which reflects in for red light especially well. the mirrors body is made of beryllium, a light white metal which holds its form even an extreme cold, hard to believe. but it took only 48 grams of gold to coat all its segments. remote controlled actuators are mounted on the back of each segment. the small motors can pivot and turn them in 6 directions. to take really clear photographs, the segments will be adjusted exactly once the telescope is out in space. the main mirror collects light and reflects it onto a smaller mirror which focuses it via 2 more to the telescopes, measuring instruments. probing the universe is mysteries. the universe is constantly expanding, and the further galaxies are away from us,
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the faster they're receding, as the objects move away from us, the wave length of the light emitted by these distant objects shift towards the red . so web is especially well suited to capture the longer and for red wavelengths. it'll be able to look much further into the past than hubbell capturing images of the universe is 1st, stars and galaxies. it's in for read, i will be able to penetrate dense clouds of dust to see what's hidden behind them. mm. astronomers are expecting to gain totally new insights into the creation of stars and planets within our own solar system. when will investigate the remnants of its ancient past, the icy bodies plowing their way through the costs most far beyond the planets. but for a blast off, the huge james webb telescope will have to be folded together like a piece of luggage. james
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webb, the fool, manasseh chief, is said to have discriminated against homosexual people in the workplace. scientists signed the petition to change the telescopes name, but nasa says the allegations are unproven, so the telescope still bears the name james web. black holes are among the most fascinating phenomena in the universe. these gigantic objects, test the limits of human imagination, research into them as by german astrophysicist. hi, not again. so for instance, was recognized with a nobel prize in physics in 2020 but there are still many mysteries surrounding black holes. we meet an astrophysicist who wants to explore black holes using the james web space, telescope, dominica, violet seller, will be among the 1st to conduct research you using the new james web space
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telescope. her team is one of 13 that have been chosen to begin work as soon as it's up and running them. and i'll think of as met asking me to vegas when i start to really delve into astronomy and realized that what we see with our naked eye when we look up at the starry sky is only minute part of what is actually there. it does something to you. i'm done with, i'm guns and i still get goosebumps when i think about it. ag message gens out and my dog above list of ada. the astrophysicist is interested in super massive black holes embedded at the center of large galaxies. as they devour the material around them, they blast out powerful radiation wins. she says, these winds can promote or prevent the formation of stars in a galaxy. the link between black
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holes and the evolution of galaxies is one of the key questions in modern day astrophysics. the one that my get i who matched over the course on test when you think about the size of a super massive black hole, the galaxy and the size of the galaxy, that host it, that the difference is huge. and normed with us when the, when it's like comparing a one cent coin, smith with the moon was heck lived and taught them. and yet during their active growth phase, these super massive black horse are able to exert such an enormous influence on their galaxy name. just how they do that is what she wants to understand. after all, we to live in a galaxy the milky way already as a child. dominica, violet. aleck, began to wonder where the edge of the universe lies and what's beyond it.
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ah, because she never got a satisfactory answer. she decided to study physics and specialized in astronomy. as an eye for us as a photo about us has prevented kava to effect. i'm just so happy to have the privilege of studying the universe as my profession. when you basil from tassel and that i get to discover the secrets of the universe. hi, mrs. owny rosalyn. franklin, soaking. and soon thanks to the james web telescope, she'll be able to study galaxies that are far, far away. ones that even with the hubble telescope only appear as docs in space. the new telescope will provide a much clearer view of these objects. the light from those distant worlds has taken more than 12000000000 years to reach us. so it dates back to a time when black holes were gobbling up huge amounts of material and blasting out powerful radiation winds. the data should reveal what effect that had on the
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galaxies around them. does van dappled i angles? and if the data won't just be 2 dimensional picture cut out from a larger image, but 3 dimensional anonymous. and so can, until, in other words, there's a spectrum hiding behind each and every pixel on that 2 dimensional image is that's my day off lamb inspect home, fresh text. those spectra will show how much gas is contained in these distant galaxies. how fast that gas is moving, and even in what direction it's moving. vullez select says that data will allow us to better understand how galaxies are formed. a filter wheel like this one is also installed in the camera that she'll use to study those far away galaxies. it was developed here at the max planck institute for astronomy. as the launch date approaches, the sense of anticipation is rising. the launch of the james web telescope was
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initially planned for 2007, but was repeatedly postponed now. dominica. vullez. select can't wait for the arrival of the 1st data ma'am ins. often, diana, and we have a certain responsibility to convince the public and the astronomical community of the james web telescopes quality with the data, which we will obtain aft dabbled, and from eons on fast. therefore, we'll have to be well prepared. and them as military sig, rudolph robertson, both of the big telescopes, so called wings were folded so they can fit into the launch vehicle. there's never been a satellite with so many moving parts, able take 2 weeks to get everything unfolded and in its right position. in that time, nothing can go wrong. 6 months after the launch date, the new telescope should finally be ready to begin studying the secrets of the universe or so. and now let's change perspective and view things from above
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with drones. these devices have many uses, like, for instance, observing volcanoes. the global drone market has been steadily taking off and the growth promises to keep soaring in the future. science puts drones to good use with collecting environmental data. we made researchers working these flying laboratories, a disused air field in northern germany. far away from residential areas, roads and rail tracks. an ideal proving ground for scientists from brownish bikes. technical university. they're testing drones with a maximum take off weight of 26 kilograms. extensive aerospace safety zones are
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mandatory for airborne equipment of the size to day 3. different systems will be taking to the skies of fixed wing drone and to multi copters. ah, the 1st is called mass spar. it's a flying laboratory versus ins, hostile form. it's a pollution drawing it carries instrumentation to measure pollutants shots. dr. missed the brit like roadside monitoring stations. so this cup to monitor, sued particulate matter ozone, and other nauseous substances watched over miss bar will be deployed alongside auto bonds and the like. it can be programmed to autonomously fly over different checkpoints, and varying altitudes transmitting air quality data in real time fire radio. the branch, my team are also supporting other research projects with their monitoring drones.
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in 2017, 2 of them joined the polish down research vessel and the arctic. one of their tasks was monitoring the distribution of the greenhouse gas methane in the polar region. there kwan counter collected air samples up to an altitude of a 1000 meters to day as mess bar returns after a short flight. the team are preparing their 2nd drone. it's a fixed wing model called ella dina. it records meteorological data, might temperature, humidity, and wind as well as aerosols, like fine particulate matter when he got hardly collect that kind of gosh with their bonds, his demons. and when you check pollution at ground level, you don't know what's going on in the atmosphere. it's important to understand the individual processes and their interactions, so you can decide how important which method sol, beavis dixon,
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ala dina's job is to collect data for fundamental meteorological research. the data is essential and the battle against climate change, but also as tool to improve, weather forecasting, take off and landing are remotely controlled, but once airborne, ala, deena flies autonomously. this drone will soon be circling above berlin, 50 meters above ground. over berlin, it will be measuring how much the opening of the new berlin brandenburg airport has increased pollution levels. but right now it's going to land and make way for a drone, which has a totally different task called arrow inspect it sport. so $100.00 megapixel camera under its fuselage arrow inspect will scan the old berlin brandenburg airport buildings. its batteries only last for 40 minutes. but that's long enough for it to fly. 35 meters above the old buildings and take pictures from directly overhead. every 90 centimeters, it takes
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a high definition picture. the resulting photo jigsaw is then transformed by a computer into a 3 d model. even though the camera only takes overhead pictures of the buildings, they're still precise enough for scientists to gauge the pitch of the corrugated sheet roofs down to the last millimeter. it isn't void as could cite of us this building shows what we can do stuff. if you had to map this roof accurately for a construction inspection, so you can take these measurements and monitor over the long term, how the building changes in how a deformed ng of upside. but will both be far enough to chicago to be fulfilled. to say that probably doesn't matter as far as this room goes, live alone. but when you're looking at the rail tracks for large cranes and or, and also for trains. and then you want to be certain they don't warm and for deform with time. estes's mission for fall and that they don't ship with their position, dusty tops. and if they do that, you notice it in time of all wood. i saw it is a fog vinzini smith. later in the brownish buying research institute,
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adina and gets a new transmitter. it'll improve data transmission to the ground station. kind of technology has progressed in leaps and bounds in recent years. and comma drones are being used everywhere as, as new applications are constantly being developed. only half of them are available . they're becoming more shaped and they fill a gap. so there are plenty of measurements being made at ground level and from aeroplanes vessel. but in between as this big gap of small scale monitoring that can be done relatively cheaply skipped on, they can also be used father. things like locating dia, fawn, off to food. an increasing number of farmers now scanned their meadows with airborne infrared cameras before they caught hey, because when fallen spiel threatened, they ducked down and remained still. the airborne infrared camera picks up their body heat and the drone pilot can direct rescuers to the panic creatures. yes m o d regional ride that way,
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the brit further. no 5 degrees left and you there was another 5 steps. thousands of fonts are sliced and ripped to bloodied shreds every year by combine harvesters. um, it will take it over there. wide spread deployment of drones could save many young animals from a hideous fate. and this drone can shoot london's imperial college wants to use it to attach monitoring probes to trees. they'll collect data on the health of plants and remote forrest areas. drones are rapidly changing the things of research. they're cheap and versatile and brown . find technical university scientists are constantly updating their systems, giving these flying robots almost limitless potential. if i look,
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let is read, why are they bottom my view? now it's your turn. do you have a question from the field of science? get in touch, send us a video text or voice message. if we answer it on the show, we'll send you a little surprise as a thank you. come on just dos this week. terry baker from the u. s asked us about clouds. i don't clouds fall out of the sky. there's water vapor everywhere in the air. that's water in its gas form. consequently it's invisible to us. but when warm air, which is which in water vapor rises, it cools. and then the water it holds condenses out in the form of tiny water droplets, a kind of water dust clouds began to form. the water droplets are so tiny that warm air can lift them upwards. we can see this principle at work in everyday life by
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watching a cup containing a very hot drink. as long as the droplets don't become bigger and heavier, the cloud will stay aloft. even though a cloud can weigh an enormous amount, the weight of a cloud can be determined using satellite technology. they're on board radar instruments can penetrate clouds to ascertain how much water each of them contains . a passing summer cloud can weigh several 100 times if conditions like temperature change and it develops into a thundercloud. it can grow to weigh millions of times because it's liquid water content increases as more condenses into droplets. the tiny droplets get swept around in the air currents colliding with others to grow in size. they also provide a surface for further condensation. whilst the small droplets continue to float, the larger ones begin to lose height. on their way down,
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they collide with other droplets and a crete. correspondingly faster the droplets eventually reach a point where they are so heavy they fall to earth as precipitation. bottom line clouds do fall out of the sky, but only after their droplets are big enough to fall as snow. hail or as raindrops . oh, what should be done with looted aunt from colonial eras bomb a debate that has intensified in recent years. but priceless artworks are not always sacred to oh wow. i go sometimes there are people seeking to destroy them as 2001 and have gone histone in the valley of balmy on with the extreme as taliban group. so to decimate buddhist culture. but in her pal stolen, damaged, or even destroyed artifacts can now be given
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a 2nd chance at life. putting on the final touches hit a t o she. now mickey is using a paint made of lapis lazuli. similar to that used on the original, the 7th century mural was inside the balmy on caves and afghanistan destroyed by the taliban in 2001. this is a replica, i can go, i caught it at all this one ural could once be seen by the african people, if you got on it. but after it was destroyed, that meant they could no longer know their own culture. they will know suitable to that. i think those mural will be able to tell the africans about it. again, all of my faculty started with about the consultant using records from the destroyer unesco world heritage site. japanese experts have created a stunning reproduction in japan. conservation is being taken to the next level at the heart of the capitals museum district and c of leading art institutions. tokyo university of the arts is bringing together scientists and artists to rescue
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cultural heritage. in the lab, there are making stunningly realistic copies using high end technologies. this is one of the lamps masterpieces, a facsimile of a buddha statue, which is located in hor, uti temple, and nora. the actual national treasure has survived, but no unscathed elements were missing in the original, such as to harris color, or a circle of carved arrows around the figure's head. the laboratory has set itself the challenge of recreating the statue to look like it did back in the 7th century. oh ok. so griffith, they duck in with some of it. we measured the real statue all. we scanned it with a 3 day scanner, and based on this data, we made a 3 day printed prototype of this status. you will see the did the look on me when we all know the d. c. from this prototype,
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we then mode. i didn't measure the actual composition of the bronze and adjusted it to match the parent composition the same with owns and all he said with the multi okay, if we then made a wrap up like her and metal which we then corned into a cultural object accessing the whole could on with even though it started off as a computerized model. now artists are well on their way to re creating the form, as well as the texture of the artwork. here a thin upper layer of clay is being carved by hand on this reproduction of a buddhist sculpture from the mogul cave. near done hong and china's far northwest leader still go won't bowl. ne didn't with the yacht, they own the same way. belief food is our job to make it possible for the viewer to
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have an experience as if they had actually seen the real object themselves. legible, man, this gave the war, but a little instruction is a part of human nature. but i believe that we also have the power to restore the political artist and scientist must saki mosacco, leads the project which uses modern technology to super clone cultural heritage and take audiences back in time it go home, go. i know this loan is shining gold. well, same as when it was built. there. i more then of course the, this can be seen in book a record going forward to know when you can, but i think it's very rare to find an actual reproduction like this, the model for your corpus children. joe was want to confirm that this could be all the missing parts. i have been replenished, who actually it was bit what m o was nautica,
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whom with them. but i know what use this is one way to go beyond imitation. and by reproducing the wood carving cas 1st of and filling in the missing parts, i've done the whole cups of a choice of stuff through the photograph. these very special replicas are already displayed and certain exhibitions all over japan. but the method could have been global potential. the experts say it could resolve the thorny issue of looted art for some more credits or properties, how's the rent the abroad? and the collective being the museums. so origin 8th country house, nothing. in the chief fu polk ron coker property turn gave the offer to choose what is you know, or clone culture appropriate, could art clone soon be filling the world's museums. first, a major cultural difference will have to be branched. the japanese people link authenticity with craftsmanship rather than original substance. they're used to
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rebuilding their cultural heritage because of natural disasters and their use of non permanent materials. the west seems to have a different understanding of authenticity. so more stories from the wonderful world of science and tech, find us on the web at d, w dot com slash science and on twitter, that's all from tomorrow to day. for now, we hope you'll join us again next week for another fascinating addition of our science show. until then, bye bye. ah, ah, ah, ah. with
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who? ah, the kristen pickles a german tradition. ah, we want to discover its origin and follow the sent, have roasted almon, brought forth and be invited to the christmas market. one of the most
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beautiful german traditions ah, coming on d, w a t dr. turn 70 intel d w. what's truly important in life with we take a look at his and future. meet the artist, a very personal tense, nagondo, arts 2030 minutes on d, w. o. o. or an eternity.
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time it can be measured precisely, and yet each person experiences it differently as if there are different forms of type type phenomena. a dimension and illusion. about time starts december 31st on d, w. sometimes a seed is all you need to allowed big ideas to grow. we're bringing environmental conservation to life with learning packs like global ideas. we will show you how climate change and environmental conservation is taking shape around the world and how we can all make a difference. knowledge grows through sharing, download it now for free. welcome to the dark side. where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings
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where organized, cry, rules, ah, where conglomerates make their own laws? we shed light on the opaque worlds who's behind the benefits. and why are they a threat to us all o peak wools starts january 5th on d, w. ah, this is day w news, and these are our top stories. governments across europe are struggling to stand the huge increase in corona bars cases due to the new on the chron variant. the midlands has become the 1st country in europe to reinstate a christmas lockdown, which will last until at least mid january. and germany is severely restricting
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