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tv   600 Kinder - ein Vate  Deutsche Welle  July 17, 2021 5:15am-6:00am CEST

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and a shorter thank you so much for joining us in the studio with that update. well, that is your news update at this our stay tuned for our cove in 1900 special. that is coming up next with a look at how to stop wasting vaccines. and of course, there's always more on our website at www dot com. richardson in berlin from the team here. thank you so much for joining us. the the side against the corona virus pandemic. how has the rate of infection in developing? what does the latest research say? information and contact the corona virus. 19th, national next on d. w. you ready to get places in europe are smashing all the record into
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a venture. just don't lose your grip. the treasure map for modern globe. trotter's, governor, some of us are wicker breaking you to know. also in book form the ah, the fax vaccines need police escorts is assign the value, the hot commodity that also goes to waste me as much as 30 percent of the vaccines are thrown away in some countries. the reason it's very storage and logistical challenges, as well as the type of files and syringes used. innovations could in the waste and it was all nice to have you on some countries i've had to fill away thousands
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of jobs. others like finland, a fine shooting the vaccine campaigns to ensure every last drop counts. it's putting the nation way ahead of others. at this vaccination center, around 3000 doses are prepared and administered every day. it's around 40 percent more than should be possible with the supplies available. that is because a finish invention makes it possible to make a little bit of fixing go a long way. the person behind the creation is nurse sorry, ruth, who was among those starting colbert vaccinations in december last year on a piano seat that we don't want to throw away any viable vaccine. and it has become paramount use of exceeds as i can now meekly as possible, especially after some of them were limited to certain groups. cruise works in a public hospital but volunteered to do extra vaccination shifts. she find you and
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her technique within the 1st few days of preparing the doses. why have stuck on warm up? once i noticed that exchanging the syringes and getting rid of excess error in the equipment guaranteed to extra doses affect scene. i sent an email to our medical director. he quickly contacted health authorities about it. everybody was very excited. i thought roses technique requires syringes with a one millimeter capacity and small scale. the syringe is 1st filled vaccine, but just enough to get the required vaccine dose. in addition, a bit of air is drawn from the vial, bottle into the syringe. finally, the air and vaccine inside the syringe, the to swap places before the vaccine is administered. the air bubble technique maximizes the amount of faxing that is extracted from each mile. for instance, it makes it possible to prepare 7 instead of 5 by intake doses,
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as well as 12 instead of 10 astrazeneca those cease health experts made rosa's technique, their official recommendation for cobra to vaccination in the country in january. despite its benefits, norway is the only country to follow finland's footsteps. medical director, demarco pan from the city of helsinki so far hasn't had the time to advertise the method globally. some teaching materials have only recently been translated into english. club bodies, 300. so here, i think this technique can be copied to other countries to, to be able to vaccinate 40 percent more people on originally projected as simply incredible. and among robert for the world to reopen. however, it is not enough to vaccinate people in just one country. while nations such as finland are continuously easing restrictions, other parts of the world are only starting their own vaccination campaigns. i think
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he city medical director team or look at it and joins us so team or should the rest of the will be watching our show very closely today. truly we are. we are in dire in dire need of vaccines and of course, every, every back dean can't explain to us again then how exactly this what you're talking about precision equipment. but getting the right type of equipment is extremely important. starting with what, what sort of syringe do we need to know? there are different sorts of syringes with low dead space. others with high dead space. so a lot of that back thing gets wasted. it gets stuck either in the syringe or in the needle itself. what sort of syringe do we need? first of all, we started with nick. it's actually a b, d and your you only need small enough range. that's why i mean that it's the range is enough. because at the end, when given, when the bad thing is given,
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the data space can be kind of, it doesn't matter when you have the air properly and over there to be used to push out the vaccine from the range. and then what sort of a needle do you need it? it's a small map. well basically it's a smaller, smallest possible meter naval work which can handle their vaccine itself. so small die meter long enough to be able to give a pen a. so there's not a lot of problem with the needle in a way. and what about when it comes to the vile that, that you get the actual vaccine in yes, the violin are a little bit different story. first of all, it is of course you have to be usually the hygiene by the there's a different amount of doses in each vile. you might get 6, you might get 8. so you have to be precise that you, you, for every dose you take every maxine you create from the multi multi dose files.
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you make sure that every every vaccination, every job you're going into the case to the patients are. ringback truly for so that's you get the precise dose. so you cannot accept kind of a little less than precise amount of dozing if you're not enough for the doses and there's not enough. so there are so many little steps where this could go wrong, and we're talking about human error here. why not just go for a single dose while where it's all pri, measured, and pre dosed and you have nothing to worry about. well, those miles are much easier to produce, i think as well as the distributed or globally. so we refer pri, make a pretty dosed theories isn't and pre with needles in already. but there's not,
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there's no such thing at the moment available for yeah. it's all a race against time. in the meantime, you can other countries. i mean, is there anything holding back all the countries from repeating what you guys are doing, replicating the method that you've discovered? i don't think so. it's basically all that you needed. the rise, the reference, precise working process around around the vaccination center that you get to take care that you have the precise amount of that kind of the patient. you're vaccinating this in of them as well. because if you, if you count that there's only 5 doses coming from the while and you get sick and you only have 5 patients coming in. then the window gets wasted anyway. so we have to take care that there are also patients around. it's also a lot to call for now,
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but for other vaccines, for global best practice, is there a possibility of maybe some day thing that needles the right needles are always used. the right syringes are also used that we get some sort of global best practice. definitely in a way, if we use the small dose biles, but when it comes to pre pre manufacture it, see we're inches with needles. to pass this air threat, there's not much to do anymore. but if you use the dose bio, then of course it's kind of a technique can be applied to a different sorts of scenes as well. okay, fantastic. to happy on the show today team will look at it and how thank you. city medical director and excellent news and nice insights about that local hero of yours, you'll have to pass on my congratulations. thank you. we will now here's derek williams with his take on best scenes vials and waste out of your question.
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ball. why aren't injected vaccines manufactured as a single unit, instead of having the vaccine in the syringe separate? this is a great question, one that i've never really actually considered before. right now, most vaccine manufacturers are filling and shipping. multi dose biles of vaccine that contain between 5 and 15 doses on site at the vaccination center or at the doctor's office. staff then have to painstakingly draw them into syringes and a complex time consuming series of steps where, where a lot could actually go wrong. due to human error and, and there are a lot of other issues with the bio system, not least that once the seal on one has been broken, all of the doses in the bio has to be used quickly. leftovers can't just be stuck
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back in the fridge for use later so. so since everyone is getting their own syringe anyway, why aren't machines just pre filling them directly as a single unit? instead of putting large batches of doses in vials, 1st, pre filled single shops, syringes are already the norm in some parts of the world for, for vaccinations against other pathogens but, but there appear to be 2 primary reasons why the older vile system has been the method of choice so far for the mass cove at 19 vaccine rollout. the 1st is speed with manufacturers churning out hundreds of millions of doses. it's simply faster for them to score 10 at a time into a single vile than it is to fill 10 separate syringes and with the pandemic in full
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swing, getting as much vaccine as possible out there has been vital. and the 2nd factor is cost until now single dose prefilled syringes have been more expensive to produce but, but many manufacturers say that's changing. and that, that pre filling syringes is actually more efficient because then you don't need millions of medical grade glass files. so. so when demand for cobra, 1900 vaccines begins to slow. i think that you can expect prefilled syringes to grow in popularity because they have so many advantages. me and some other stories making years in asia has reported a regular increase of 1025 cove. a death that brings the total number of fatalities to more than $71000.00. and the southeast asian country has been struggling to cope
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with new ways or the inventions and the pfizer by and take colored vaccine is on track to become the 1st foreign jap proof in china. chinese regulators have completed an expert review of the m r in the exact same china set to use the drunk as a booster. for those who proceed to shop the court made vaccine and watching se, se fancy you against ah, the the and play next have long been the favorite to make the trip something to your brain tomorrow today on d w. player culture
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. hi hair. the super super food, stylish style, like on the lead owes lifestyle europe. 60 minutes. ah, was a millions of years before our time since they've been leading a secret life and have incredible abilities. fascinating
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. potential for facing the great challenges of our time. if you think about it, it's impossible for human to survive without will ruth say the world starts august 4th on d w. how do people get enough vitamins to stay healthy if they live in areas where little grows this more on dw science show. also coming up power plants able to grow and outer speed and why it can be hard to sleep when following a tv series will number 2 tomorrow today, ah, ah,
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people with sleeping disorders can only dream about getting a good night's rest. the many things can ramah to sleep worrying or stress, or getting work done, or excited. watching a horror film can cause sleep as well. so can a tv series with cliffhanger ending suspense tension pushed to the limit and then right in the middle. the classic cliffhanger ending design just viewers in to watch. the next episode often deployed by streaming platforms like netflix,
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young people are particularly susceptible lunch and they stay up late watching and tie the next day. late night watching could impact sleep and all kinds of ways at the university of freeburg in switzerland, media, academic and dominique is carrying out research. she's about to conduct an experiment to analyze how clipping or endings affect our sleep. not only made it caused lastly, but also all ger, how we sleep. it's a relatively new field. emotions play a key role in dramas, but there's been little research into how they impact sleep quality. dominique places a sensor on each person's finger to track their pulse. it's not easy to sleep with a racing heart. me. the subjects also undergo
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a saliva test. does mastic? what's like, this measurement shows how stress that people armed by the life of reveals to let this cortisol in the body that caught this woman that's released to my stress. so we want to compare the levels at the beginning with those at the end of the group just finished watching the phones area, the highest at least from that when we had some off the same procedure is repeated with a 2nd group of test subject that has asked a colleague to monitor them, so there's one small but key difference in the test that the 2 groups will undergo as psycho. but if you look at, by the degree, if you say, i'm sure we'll watch the same series but with different endings. i'm the one group to see a common doing while the others have a cliffhanger with a lot of suspense. one of us, i think i see at the aim is to see if the group that saw the cliffhanger ending is more agitated afterward. 60 days i was taken the boys into the week and he said,
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so light softened, let the cameras roll me. seems so pretty casual. we lacked like a whole movie, but the subjects are being watched closely here in the control room. the researchers can monitor how they're responding in real time. they're watching several episodes of orphan black, a science fiction thriller. so the group watching without the cliffhanger ending the clip will finish slightly earlier on a relaxed note. but the other way to turn spills up full of suspense with a sudden unresolved ending. the after 3 hours of watching, it's back to reality. the test subjects are then asked to fill out a questionnaire on how they're feeling. they also submit
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another sample of saliva. the other group does the same to provide a comparison. dominique fields in her team have now carried out the same experiment on more than a 100 test subjects. the results are crystal clear. those who saw the cliffhanger ending had a much higher pulse at the doors. they also had increased levels of cortisol, while the group that saw con, ending the cortisol levels, went down as the evening progressed. that planning on and from that short seeing, uncertain ending had a big impact. how afily effects on the level of physical and mental agitation, stock that useless. is there any way to mitigate that effect? the researcher has a very simple tip. i start to give out, finish on a cliff, hang on a new start the next stuff and watch it for another 5 or 10 minutes. wait for
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a relatively calm moment while you relax. and then switch off this weekend was fine side like and up. ok is also much easier to do them when it's tense and exciting to us. and so we don't have to ditch netflix to get a good night sleep. but a more intelligent approach could help and times and don't stay up all night watching time for a week, and then move on. no cliffhangers here or next report revolves around nutrition. carbohydrates are among the nutrients that we need. they are found in many types of food, like bread or fruit and vegetables. protein has many tasks in the body. it helps fight confection for one. proteins are found insufficient meat, but also in brain and not fence from things like butter and oil. provide energy and vitamins are vital for metabolism. but what
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happens when the best vitamin sources are available ah, extreme conditions like those polls composed many challenges for human life. so one victim and containing plants, comp, grove. how can anyone suffice a long time? for today's researches the committee sources need to be broken by f. that's how scientists get by during months long distance and i'm talk to this means fruits and vegetables can be available every day. a 100 years ago, american ethnic just the ya. most. stephan son had a different approach during his extended trip to the arctic. he took his key from
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the indigenous in you it eating only meat and stained perfectly healthy experts will long baffled by how the population didn't suffer from victim in deficiencies. despite the lack of variation and that diet, why would they getting to move without fruit or vegetables? the answer was surprisingly simple. the meat to feels, whales, fish, and render contains all the victims necessary, including the common c no, no. when you transfer last because the in you never cook them meet. they traditionally eat rules. the me to that to be more palatable when it's fresh, before it's time to freeze the traditional nomadic people's in the african rarely meet the camel's comes both all the goods and the key to the survival of central to eat. the weather, the bed winds and twat racks get victims. the
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answer appears straightforward. at 1st. during the stops you know, i see where fruits and vegetables a plentiful the new method also proposed supplies for the next block of that journey. the thompson, the traditional 1000000 porridge only has crush date, thought it and dates contained no that means that during their travels across the desert, the nomad hydrates but knows with them and see. so all they have is the minimal amounts to victim and see that bodies can store semester good. yeah, it works because they never traveled, stretches longer than 2 weeks before reaching the next day basis. so they're constantly on the move. interestingly, they only keep male camels it's
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a different story with come o, how does to keep mixed like him and kenya. they can travel for weeks at the time to the female candles. please milk as the primary source of nourishment they stay healthy because come milk is rich and victim and see under for rice. do you have other nutrients and say for millennia, people have managed to live in some of the most in region. life may have been tough, but amazingly pittman deficiencies have not been a major obstacle. the. the crew of the international space station also live in pretty extreme circumstances, but their food is a bit more varied than in the arctic. along with the ever popular pizza, astronauts can also look forward to home growing vegetables.
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reno chowdhury from india had a question about that target how are plans able to ro an outer space ah, down on earth, these gravity to fix that roots to the ground where they can access water and nutrients? plants director leaves and flowers towards the like. they need to grow and blossom . they also need air and heat for photos, synthesis. any plants in outer space would die from cosmic radiation, and from being flash frozen $270.00 degrees below 0. like humans times to need a protected environment. the international space station does have heat light and air, but no gravity, meaning liquids behave differently, then back home on earth. that's why researchers have developed planned to pillows
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fitted with growth media, as well as a week to secure the seeds in place and provide them with water. the vegetable production system is the living heart of the mini on board greenhouse . the veggie assets in formerly known was installed of the i s s in 2014. initially with 6 romaine lettuce, seed pillows, plants were last due to water stress. one failed to germinate, but a month later the crew was able to harvest 3 magnificent specimens. in december of 2015, the crew dined out for the 1st time on their very own home grown space salad. a welcome break from their usual free drive. fair researchers have spent 4 decades looking into why plants grow in 0 gravity. what they found out was that plants can
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actually develop without gravity, by taking their bearings from the light. new experiments are being devised to determine what like conditions they thrive, and best tests have also shown that genes are expressed differently in 0 gravity, especially those involved in sell was the research is geared towards long term missions had a deeper into space that will largely have to survive without being resupplied from earth. in 2016 nasa astronaut scott, kelly picked and carefully assembled the 1st flowers in outer space were selected as a practice run for other class that needed longer time to flour. in fruit like tomatoes . does any petals have a bitter taste but certainly boosted the crews? morales? yes, another benefit of gardening and space decades dixon might well see astronauts fly into and perhaps even colonizing the moon and is and when they reach far from mars,
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they'll definitely meet automated clean houses to get their daily portion of fresh fruits and veggies. ah, how red, why do you have a science question? you'd like us to answer the spending as a video test or voice mails? we feature it on the show. you'll get a little surprise from us as a thank you. come on the news, you can find more fascinating stories from the world of science. i don't went site and on twitter the i, it's possible to simulate 0 gee, in an aircraft. during a parabolic flight, a plane climbs at an angle of 50 degrees before going over into a di for some 22 seconds those inside the plane experience what 0 gravity feels like
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a reporter connor dylan went on board the flying laboratory. and so the question of whether there was more joy in my heart or fear it by heart today, i would have to say that yes, there was plenty of joy. i was really, really excited for this flight. so there were definitely a couple of things that i had to think about when i was up there in the 0 gee aircraft. one of them was focusing on the right parts of the aircraft to help me feel less air sick or to have less motion sickness i use . i really wanted to go around and see as many of these experiments as possible as they were being done. it's a really rare opportunity to basically be able to step inside
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a laboratory. and here you had 8 different experiments happening all at the same time. you were in effectively 8 different labs that was pretty amazing the use
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so would i want to do this again, going inside a 0 g aircraft? i'm surprised to say that i think my answer is no. at least standing here right now . of it is really, really surprisingly hard on your body and sure i loved doing flips and twists and turns and feeling the effects of 0. gee, it is really, really fun. but it's also extremely exhausting. it makes you feel sick to your stomach, so i'm lucky. people don't have that. i had it very strongly. so i would stand here and say i had a wonderful time with the european space agency today. and i don't ever need to do it again. perhaps next time a reporter might prefer to join scientists, working to save trees. here in brazil, atlantic forest and all over the world attempts are being made to rescue endangered indigenous species. ah, our next report goes to south eastern germany,
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where conservationists are trying to save a species of tree that goes back 150000000 years. this u tree in the varian forest national park is one of the last of its kind. forestry, scientists mocking shots and his colleagues are doing their best to take care of the trees. they used to grow abundantly here, but now they are endangered. in the middle ages, you would was much sought after for building weapons, due to deforestation. the trees eventually became scarce. there are currently only $150.00 you trees in the park. each one was recently documented into this you tree behind me is probably several central. so we're always delighted to find these grand ancient trees full for their age is a challenge because the new doesn't are all quite old. we are in dire need of young you saplings that can multiply in the future because that's why we must do all we
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can to help the i use. now, when i have in some areas of the park, martin shows his team can swing into action. the goal is that more evergreen youth will grow here. that requires naturally occurring trees that are both young and healthy. the problem is that saplings are popular food source for deer. rabbits also love to nibble on young plants. to protect them trolls and his team put up fences around the use which will help give them a chance to propagate or kept within the enclosure to replace the only trees which like all living things will eventually die. others are related but high. that means we dig up the saplings and replant them 100 by 100 or 300 meters away. this increases their valuable ation to a number capable of survival with it's again, it's unclear as the saplings grown here are healthy and strong enough. since few
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mother trades remain, what's your excess carbon and nitrogen with seedlings? the genome of the use has been significantly weekend. but genetic researchers are on the case. the more uniform the genome, the less adaptable the saplings are, especially now since climate change has altered the conditions in which they grow. to increase the likelihood that the remaining trees will develop resilient seeds, martin sholtes and his team also use some unusual methods. use can thrive in the shade, but they're more likely to flourish in sunlight. for that surrounding trees might be cut down. the mighty shows hopes that as a result, the mother trees will be able to bear healthier for targeted harvest thing could help their see grow into young trees. revitalizing the use in the bavarian national
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park is challenging the saving, critically endangered animal species from extinction is also challenging work. recently scientists and conservationists managed to create embryos of the northern white rhinos using the frozen firm of deceased males. time will fail whether the bio rescue project will succeed, will be following that. the next project is not about rhinos, but about trying to bring a breed back from extinction. or a very similar one, at least with the help of ancient dna. this to darwin. since he was born on march 24th 2020 high hopes had been pinned on this cough with his symbolic name. young cow marks a giant step and the effort to breed back all rocks which has been extinct for centuries. the scientists call their mission to create an orks like cow,
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the hour and project cesspool. blame must be hard if the problem that we have is that the all rugs have largely vanished genetically. buffington is that to be, as i know, what we can do is take its domesticated descendants domestically handle them and cross them with one another in a targeted way to create a breed of capital. as similar as possible to the or at least not calmed. these are some of the anamosa conspire hope among the scientists, the impressive bulls at law sharpie and central germany. large cows in a nearby forest. under mixed heard on a meadow near the river, ryan. each of them possessed his qualities, once borne by the original o rocks. at the thought of fun, i am a genome of the british rocks has been sequenced and compared with those of modern cattle breeds on in what you'd call the top 10. was a read from spain called the question after it's warrants, maybe a bit on the small side to play. then we have another impressive read the g. me now
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the largest read of capital because it's billed is very similar to that of all right. the horns have the right shape up. we know the material to work with and i'm convinced that good. all right, well you can, you change the color, we can change the color. then we have the marina castle, another from italy, and finally the what to see cattle. this breed has the largest horns in the world, but we need them in our breed back project in precise doses in order to increase the size of our crossbred animals. the hall this way, the backward animal will resemble the all right, and more than hawks and feeder stacker. the offices habitat with closely connected to human settlements with thousands of years by the ice age, the aux for repairing in case for food. and finally, the animal was domesticated it became extinct in the middle of the 17th century. the reconstruction of all ranks drinking and one reveals one of the main
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reasons why the all russians no longer living wild animals in europe today. it was already being hunted in the new period horns, in particular worth the paper trophy and believe that in violence something had consequences. the rocks had retreated in the middle ages migrating from west to east. when we look at the final 150 years of the history of the rocks into their animals that still exists in modern day. poland but had already disappeared in germany. at last, the goals were shot in 1621. the landed cow die and probably of natural causes in 1627 as well as my troops told us to this day or ox remains are still found along the rhine. molecular, biological experiments have shown that the bowls achieved the height of up to one of the 2 centimeters at the shoulder and weight as much as one and a half comes the overall shape, the environment like a few other joint habits. all of this may 1 day, again,
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be true of its descendants if the scientist and last by the hour and project has produced even more cars since the end of march 2020, these creatures own offspring generation f 3 could decide the success or failure of the breed back, project kind of fits and if i can, maybe with the f 3 generation, we will have animals and 2 or 3 years that we can say are very, very close to it. and that would then be a select group that could last for several generations. until it is stabilized to such an extent that we can assume the offspring would look like the original around . we're talking about a timeframe of 10 years, which is fair. not too hopeful. we may be able to provide the excellent lasting results live in decade with life for life and can the true or ox of your have been lost forever. but chances to breathing a modern day identical looking or rocks like cow looking very good indeed.
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ah, that's all for today. we'll be back next week with another exciting edition of tomorrow today. until then, by by the news. the news, the news, the news, the
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news the the the new lawyer culture. hi hair. superman. the super food dilation style, like on the lead lifestyle, you're in 30 minutes. w with politics,
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but culture. an interview with monica federal commission of the culture and the media have a c handle. the challenges posed by the time demick was always that's a fight. so that the creative sector would also get attention to the she evaluated 2nd term and i'm very passionate about what i do. aren't 2160 minutes dw. ah, was you feel worried about me to a meal host of the, on the grievance. and to me is clear, we need to change the solution, go out and join me for a deep sized green transformation for me to use for the
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december 2019 the european council president show me shows embarked on a ground breaking mission. i have a clear job to make sure of the 1st time a gentleman on the planet by 2050. not all you member state supported and some persuasion is required. so surprising, glanced into the very heart of our hostess when the game, diplomatic poker tree power plays and the lines is behind the scenes of the time it's done. it starts august, 5th on d, w. me
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the news . this is dw news away from berlin. a disaster unfolding as catastrophic flooding kills at least a 120 people in germany and western europe over a 1000. others are still missing. rescuers are searching for survivors and count buried under the rebel. and my also coming up on the show the security situation in afghanistan is.


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