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tv   Das Saatgut- Kartell  Deutsche Welle  July 16, 2021 5:15am-6:01am CEST

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far more than god it is your news update. our stay tuned for our proven at 1900 special. and don't forget, you can always get much more news and information around the clock on our website at d, w dot com and play richardson in berlin for me in the team here. and thank you so much for joining us. ah. the fight against the corona virus pandemic. how has the rate of infection and in developing what does the latest research information and contact the corona virus, not the 19th next on d w. how does a virus spread? why do we panic by and when will all this just 3 of the topics that we've covered
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and our weekly radio if you would like any more information on the corona virus or any other science topics, you should really check out our podcast. you can get it wherever you get your podcast. you can also find us at d, w dot com, forward slash science. the loan lockdown, and uganda is helping to make co the case numbers full. but lightly, just suffering. one in 5, you get it and have lost their jobs during the pandemic. to help the government handed down flower and beans during the 1st lockdown last year. now authorities have gone digital. they are using mobile phones to provide cache payments to those struggling. it's an awful approach in east africa and in physical and welcome uganda is in a precarious situation. case number's are easing,
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but shortages of oxygen and vaccines could see a sudden turn for the worse intensive care units is still in high demand. we'll talk to someone on the ground in a moment. first, don't use julius mill, gumble reports. grace murphy, mommy is a coffee. 19 survivor. every day he performs breathing exercises. as his doctors told him, he must do. a month ago, he was discharged from one of uganda as public hospitals. they have been overwhelmed by the demand for oxygen for corona virus. patience. the city does basically shed by many people, so you get to city and it has to pass in oxygen or 50 percent oxygen. it's been used by other people and probably they've died or they've been discharged. mostly mommy cell,
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other patients die as they waited in vain for oxygen. 2 weeks after he was discharged, one of his close friends died at another public hospital. up though i know i could not talk to him. i called the whole evening the whole night in the morning, only to reach the facility. and i was told old peter vet what he passed on last night. uganda 1st confirmed a car in 1000 death at the end of july last year. but case numbers have spiraled recently the highest number of deaths in a month were recorded in june. the government want to vaccinate its people, but has been having trouble getting enough doses. the, we have had the slave to the over a $1000000.00 is into the country. and yet we have a population over 22000000 people to works to mid or does my to still
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understand by so it's the the over the rocks in that you're lifting lithium gust down authorities introduce the 6 week partial lockdown in june with a more transmissible delta baron, spreading in the country and last month's steep increase and infections. grace murphy, mommy fears that not many will be as lucky as he was tells a war and senior advisor for access to finance the royal danish embassy and compiler. just how bad are the shortages of oxygen and vaccines? can we just keep the hill fixed up? we had very many cases being admit, being admitted to us because, but what really happened was that the install capacity for oxygen in the hospital
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was far off place almost 3 times what was installed in the public and private sector. so it's some people, whatever they need oxygen, they can't get it. however, they're not the, the private sector, cammie the industry they, they be very often manufacturers stepped in their production capacities and we have been public. other entities don't have to box it into these hospital at no cost to sort of get this tricia. but as we speak now, is distress and escalating as we see more induction in admissions. so covert is obviously impacting people's lives and livelihoods of report. you were part of revealed 2 thirds of respondents and you gander and can you experienced income shocks due to the crisis? can you tell us more? yes. this the lock, those ones really?
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yeah. and what we open up in this we used to, we just want to hear the people say, i've lost jobs. i lost my job by disclosing that because of the via lock don't measures but what is due to by the government by then and for awesome you didn't fall on can it was, it was better. strict. total country was these 2 countries was locked up and people had stuff i did the subject that was totally annoying to get into that because of fact, i was lucky, but the phone book for the supply chains, wiley, capital went look at the industrial muslims as well. as what we wanted to understand how to help cope with these severe pain of locking down their businesses. and that's what we did, the study on what it put to numbers to some of these things that we're hearing around so that it can inform the planning planning ahead because we know probably
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to good to be that. but people's lives must continue. what about people in real dire situation? so what's, what's being done to support the poor in uganda considering such a long lockdown? no public transportation, little work going around out of the 8000000 people. what company, what do we know? what about $510000.00 even cost plus they want to upload the office. so the payment will be used for this initiative. data has been abroad. it means the payment is uploaded to the listing on monday is sent to the form directly or both beneficiaries. so you can get from the chemicals to the form. and i think one of the innovations that has come up mc charles or was speaking to me earlier, they're the author of that study on the economic impact of covered 19 on uganda,
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and kenya, if and more than 2 thirds of households have experienced income shocks and worse and food security. and so those digital payments get through to those hid artist and more supplies of oxygen and vaccine become available for you guys. it's a little look at some of the other developments around the world. haiti has received its 1st shipment of cobra, vaccines, half a 1000000 doses donated by the us government. it was distributed through the co back sharing scheme for poor countries. only 22 percent of haitians. they, they'll accept the jap, south korea recorded. it's 2nd highest daily corona virus tally. on thursday, 1600 new cases. infections is spreading beyond the heart of capital, where officials have enforced the countries toughest social restrictions. the government is urging citizens to cancel their plans and stay home. rockies protested outside of burnt down, covered board, calling for justice at least 60 people died,
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slaves at st hospital in the city of another we on monday evening was the 2nd such deadly fire. no brock. in the past few months. both were blamed on the explosion of badly stored oxygen bottles. sidney is reporting a slow down in new code cases, as residents enjoy the 3rd week of lockdown, australia's largest city is trying to suppress the highly contagious delta variance subtle infections across the city. stand at $900.00 to get it been reported. the 1st for the country this year, and growing corona virus class has off the neighboring state. victoria still locked down for 5 days. now an interesting question on variance and strains, the one about view was sent to the w science correspondent derek williams. call please explain the difference between a new strain and a new variant. this is tough to do since even by rob. i just seem to
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view the differences as fairly fluid but, but let's start by maybe going over some of the other biology basics that you've, you've probably learned this year already. first is that, although it's technically not considered alive, a virus evolves constantly as it replicates. just like living things do, it's genetic code changes because mistakes happen as the code is copied by a living cell that gives rise to what are commonly known as mutant. now for complicated biological reasons, not every mutation leads to actual physical changes in a viruses structure. but, but when it does, you can begin thinking of that mutant as a variance. now a variant is generally considered a strain when it's wandered even farther down that road and acquired
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characteristics and behaviors based on its new structure that clearly distinguish it from other earlier forms. so you can say that although all strains are variance, not all variance or strains. let's maybe make a comparison from the macro world. we've been genetically engineering dogs for thousands of years through selective breeding. and it's pretty astounding how, how different they can look. but dogs all share common characteristics that allow you to instantly identify an animal as a dog, whether it's a chihuahua or a newfoundland. the breeds can be viewed as various on the canine genome. but go far enough back and split off another evolutionary branch and you end up with the modern wolf, which has a common ancestor,
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but some distinct characteristics and behaviors that allow us to instantly identify it as a waltz. so if they were viruses, then breeds of dogs would be variance, while dogs and balls would be strains. now, i'm the 1st to admit that the analogy is imperfect, but maybe it makes the terms a little easier to grasp. finally, spain has held his 2nd ceremony for the victims with a pandemic end to pay tribute to health care workers. is what king philippe had to say. oh, you are going to have more sites in order to day will return to the place because we need and much remember all of those who until the 1st tribute and those since then i no longer with us. you must show our deep respect,
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recognition and admiration. for the health personnel from the beginning of this life that were hi leslie, good as nice. you're the fact that she's hosting this cancel. thanks for watching. stay safe. and i'll see you against the to own or not to well. what about a sharing economy change in thinking is changing the economy to create something new economics magazine in germany, d, w. and then just died. there was
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an important document was addresses in this very edition was found dead in room 370 revised in geneva. the stage of human tragedy. i'm political intrigue in our theories. legendary hotels on d. w ah, was every day for us and for our planet. ideas is on its way to bring you more conservation. how do we make things a reader? how can we protect habits?
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what to do with them all our ways we can make a difference by choosing smartness solutions over st. our ways, the global ideas, mental theories included $3000.00 on d, w online the ah, in the economics of depression with violence, crackdowns, corruption and restrictions on freedom. authoritarian regimes not over the home people, they also destroy economies. the highly skilled and well educated often have the means to flee. but where does that leave? the rest of us made looks of the economic impact of repressive governments going
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against the system. my savvy with us here at 2 examples, bell rows and hong kong. in both cases, the state meddling in the running of private businesses has gone wrong. we've seen a whole generation take to the streets, those who can pack their bags and left that brain drain can be costly, and the long term effects can be disastrous. bella ruth has been hong kong peaceful protests. movements were crushed by authorities. many highly skilled workers had fled abroad. could that cause those economies to crash? ah, ah, judge i go. i left the room because it's an authoritarian state. me until 10 months ago the 26 year old program or was living in mens with his family. but he moved to poland to gain more freedom. he was among the countries 100000 workers of
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whom 15000 and have already immigrated. databases, borders are currently closed. but experts say, 440000, want to leave the workers in bella russo relatively well off earning 5 times the average wage. but for many immigrating is the only way to escape the violence and feel genuinely safe . during the board of that time, the protest began on the day of the election, bought a liberal talent. there were violent arrests by the police upon e that somebody arrested my brother. he got badly, just kicked me over to live and they released him a couple of days later, but there was no court case, nothing g mall. then the police visited my parents in the winter. they took my mother is, i've been detained her for 15 days to live in general. not that much of a story.
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that's by no means an exception. ah, mass protest against president alexander lucas shank again, almost a year ago. despite the crack down, small, sporadic protest still continue. young people make up the majority of the demonstrators. many of them work in the countries relatively new sector soldiers. busy living and working in an area and state, these people have different values and they've become a vital element of the protests which began on august the 9th last year. the reason why people have been leaving the country is the fear of reprisals by the authorities. if you know, lots of them will put in prison though others are leaving because they see they
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could also end up behind bars if they stay. a lot of people like me and it's not just people leaving the country. the viber messaging service closed. it's many offices, while a host of other firms, including software company paradox, relocated their bell rou, staff to new branches abroad. last year, the internet was shut down here for a total of 9 days. for the i t sector is an island of progress in an otherwise outdated and centralized economy and generates an ex revenue of 2 and a half $1000000000.00. it's useful if the only thing that's find a major success in the bell lose economy in recent years. well, that's a g d p is currently dominated by agriculture industry and services. agriculture and industry remain largely in state han while the service
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sector is mainly controlled by private companies. in 2019 i t accounted for 6.5 percent of g p. that was going fast and last year accounting for half the country's economic growth while bella ruth faces massive restrictions on political freedom, hong kong is also seeing growing crackdowns on civil rights. last summer, peaceful demonstrations against the new national security law were violently broken up by the police. the it was the turning point for engineer gary and his wife, who's a nurse. we talked to the couple one year ago. back then they were making their final preparations to immigrate they now live in australia up to the passing of the imposing up the national security law. i just don't want
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to talk about anything political or argue with anyone about our point of view because i cannot tell where the lie is. so if i accidentally passed a lie, i may be in trouble in fears, evidently shared by many hong kong. ers, this is manifest in the steep rise and applications for british national overseas passports, just over the last 2 years. figures that tell us story in themselves for a lot of people on the island territory. that passport is essentially an insurance policy, a lifeline in case conditions further deteriorate so far. however, hong kong economy does not seem to have suffered from the ongoing tensions. business remains buoyant in the financial hub and people out of
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whose potential threats and the whole financial standing in the com expanding. and then most probably bank will be ready to replace those people to allow some mainland chinese specially ill to migrations at home. so all factors considered gary doesn't see a chance of things improving back home. he has no plans to go back except under extraordinary circumstances. unless so fears, situation like i cannot stay in australia any more or if my family really need need back in hong kong, then i may consider to go back. but right now i don't think i have much of reasons to go back right now. frantisha john more optimistic about his homeland. he drove inspiration from his mural and
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downtown brought was that pays tribute to the velo russian revolution. mama jaz benjamin handed them, i hope we will become the democracy and that they'll be an end to the dictatorship . that bella roofs will become a land of opportunities, a country that people want to come to. we instead of flee from but you know, she has a global invest has got all giddy when brazil j here, both in otto, came to double switzerland for the 1st time to address the financial world's elite a few years back. but they certainly did not get what they'd hope for. from the new far right presidents populists are often toxic to economies, despite their bombastic promises of economic boom types. its classic mantra of populous politicians. they promise greater wealth for the masses and protection from the greedy leech, but their policies can be toxic for the economy. steady show,
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gross domestic product tends to drop considerably under populous government. politics. vehicle nomic policy, a populous leader is often very erratic and unorthodox because they're not focusing on keeping the economy stable in the long term. it's done and less. instead, they're mainly interested in holding on to power according to economists that the german think tank institute for the world economy and keel. they studied populace governments in $27.00 countries, analyzing a total of 70 terms in office. they compared thousands of data sets on economic growth and income distribution and looked at nearly $800.00 scientific studies. the economists found that 5 years after a populous government comes to power per capita g d, p is 5 percentage points lower than in comparative economies. led by non populous governments, and after 15 years it's more than 10 percentage points, lower a staggering results. the reasons are many products and the most protect
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the tray, tariffs, in certain sensitive industry, protect jobs, then they control a certain politically sensitive sectors, like the media, and even the most with the media. high level of say, dead gifts to voters. of course, especially around election time and invited her who am the result is a lot of expenditure that can't be refinanced. but the populace pledge to protest those on low incomes from the powerful elite and the impact of globalization is very appealing. the fact that disabling essential pillars of a classic democracy goes hand in hand with massive economic disadvantages is left unsaid. but there are also some unusual approaches, like in el salvador, where president g book away has pledged to make bitcoin in official currency starting in september. to me, to me that's typical of a popular leader,
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one or 2 unorthodox measure. it's very risky and follows the classic pattern. and so we'll do anything but what the international community wants us to do. not unless we follow up on that. i think at some point it will become very difficult to keep an overview of payment and track the flow of money within the country. that's involved in a very innovative strategy. what you but also carries a high risk the economist. and he'll say that once populism has gotten a foothold, it's very difficult to get rid of it again. and i can hear them. it's as we can see that in argentina, christina fernandez to cash in or without of office for 15 years, but it's now back in the role of vice president anthony and think they're basically back to what they were 15 years ago with no progress in terms of stability and democracy can for what you need to bear the most
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important thing. this is the stay i need to strengthen the judiciary, reinforce free election, bolster, civil society and education, and make sure people are informed that will in turn impact voting behavior which can ensure that popular eventually disappears. most of the now have you ever wondered why some buildings take forever to get built or how some infrastructure projects failed so miserably? it mostly gets put down to mismanagement, but there's often another reason, corruption massey of bribes paid to secure and you would vantages. and those in charge of the job just aren't up to it. corruption exists in other sectors too. but how can it be fought me? what are the origins of corruption? it's just old as humanity passed, civilizations appears. they call us what sacrifices was that already
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a form of bribery in china. in the 11th century, corrupt officials were punished by the sense threats the 1st anti corruption agency . it cared less about economics than moral integrity. indeed, corruption means to ruin or destroy, destroy trust value. entire state, some judges, politicians, police officers, doctors, and officials use their power for their personal gain outside law and to the disadvantage of others. here's an example. a building contractor treats an official to a luxury holiday. in return, the official gives the contract to permission to build a house and in nature once the official has been sweetened, he reveals the bids that competitors have submitted for public him. in return for a large bribe. the contractor undercuts his
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rivals to get the contract, but does a bad job on the cheap. the building collapses. corruption hinders global economic growth, frightens away investors and prevents progress corrupt companies don't need to innovate to win contracts. the price of services and products rise to cut the cost of fries. according to the i am in the global damage amounts to $1.00 trillion euros each year. to both ag says, that's a 7 percent pay loss for every $1.00 of us. transparency international, publishes and annual corruption perceptions index in 180 countries. findings to serve of all countries are corrupt, least corrupt in 2020, with denmark. and the zealand 9 was germany rank lost wisdom on the
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and the dog corruption also rises as a result of poverty or wherever it happens. correction homes, the economy, and the roads, morals, whether you're getting bribes or taking them, bribing doctors and nurses, or paying them tips for a treatment or a knife, a hospital bed, and long been part of the system and hungry. the government tried changing that in the middle of the pandemic, by substantially raising built his wages. but it left pay for nurses and no medical stuff untouched. under $830.00 euros a month isn't much. and that's just one problem with the sweeping reforms. critics actually call stupidity. they blame an incompetent populace government that spawns an exit as of workers. you like the similar, somehow my name is christina, july, i'm 53 and i've been working in public health care for 4 years. i'm currently the
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manager over time and in a town outside the past couple months. i was at work trying all day long to hold back. and if he, if he for me is a full month's and 6 days on the date from my employee card there, i'll never guess i felt i was things pass on deck. and as it says, i've been working in public healthcare since 1983 and an intensive care since 1990, to put up the board of william octopus on the line. all i can say is, i mean this has to be the biggest slap in the face we've had since the fall of communism does work. up to march, christina feline was working in a n d and god porsha bashed in an intensive care. then at the peak of the pandemic, 3rd wave and hungary, medical workers had their public employee status removed. the government said the new law was to improve the efficiency and flexibility of the chronically
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underfunded health care system. but the reforms mean it is no easier to fire nurses and health care assistance and they can be relocated anywhere in the country for up to 2 years. what the legislation did not include was a pay raise the country's health care workers. things didn't agonizing choice to accept the new conditions or quit. and if they talked to the media, the risk losing their job. the to staff we met spoke to us only on the condition that we would not show where they work from them, or they just couldn't believe that the government would dare to impose this law on us at such a point in time. nobody had imagined that member on my own, but also leading to the 1st negative thing i noticed was the lack of discussion before the law. would you give us that the go, my shoving the contract in front of someone without consulting on the forehead isn't fair and my eyes are from another problematic thing was the very vague
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wording of the law with respect to shift, barnett says, and over time as well as transfers in vacation, we really didn't know what to expect to keep up with me to me to why the government has doubled the wages of doctors and the panoramic nurses and other medical staff have largely been overlooked prompting at least 3000 to quit and march andriana shortish head of the independent union for health care workers, fears that more staff could turn their backs on the hungarian health care system that create that i'm not claim forms representing the english or some stuff in the house for them have essentially disappeared. collective wage agreements have been abolished on the traditional way of protesting by refusing to continue in placing was also bad during the day maintenance out until last are employees. it's very
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difficult to show that they have to pay to asian and darn just want to carry on as before. and the main, you really don't want to carry on the memo. call the watch and i need christina c lion was among those who could not accept the new conditions. after refusing to sign the new contract, she lost her job. but that couldn't damp and her urge to help others. on the go to him. all the time i left them public health sector. i was in really bad shape physically and mentally. so i think that question was a good decision was that that kid will not be shot. that was a couple of months go and i love to happen since i wanted to have my old job back home buying shoes as an independent contractor was me that this wasn't allowed. however, the idea of doing nothing with this pandemic still going on. what's happening? i couldn't reconcile with my conscience as well as the way sion has been really bad
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since then. so now i work the volunteer and cause it has become more designed to sign the new contract. although he too is critical of the condition. perhaps i love my job set up and i tried to do it to the best of my abilities i had to. she gave me this and there's no way i can let down the people i've been working with for so long muslim. and i've seen through so much with with little but generally minutes. imagine what would have happened to all of us care what it stood up unless megan and i thought about all the people whose lives we saved this. and just today, a man came in and said, thank you. you're wonderful. that's all i need to hear. got up as i get well, it's not just people living under authoritarian style governments. they can find it
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difficult to get a hearing and have their needs met. democracies aim to balance competing interests, but often end up listening to the business interests with the most money. all clout, we met a german entrepreneur who's for sustainable energy, but not necessarily in his own backyard. oh, the last good wind turbines over there, any in lie look out my office window. i don't want to go the awful thing on the front end. it irritates me, disturbed me. this is most inherent commission. his company is a global market leader in tunnel boring machines. he doesn't shy away from politics . he's calling for no more wind turbines to be installed in his native southern germany. anywhere else is fine, but not in his backyard. jimmy does, i might hear home is in the black forest. what do you dislike about wind from on the aga 1000 when they want to install a 1000 wind turbines here and about,
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and that will cost $500.00 heck, tears of forest. it's so i'm wondering, do we value nature at all? what are we supposed to cut down the blackboard while slows up? the turbines are located high up in the mountains of the black forest because the wind is stronger than in the valleys. every wind tom needs access roads and a wide open space around 4000 square meters of clear ground in all it has only come our needles oxygen. i come from la saxony, which has a lot of wind farms in surely it is not fair with southern germans like you say they don't want any wind turbines in the area. and again, it's been the fuel. i am in favor of them being installed, where the wind actually blow off. so it's in northern germany under the co, those in the baltic sea or the north. that's all we should install them in the few guzman. my also support building
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a power line that runs from north to south to transfer the excess electricity generated in the north sea and the baltic sea to southern germany. indian suit in july, the southern germany is indeed a lot windy and the south of the country soon is an underground cable project that in the future will transfer excess electricity to industrial centers in southern germany. and as it happens, heron connect, drilling, technology is being used to build the underground power line. his company also supplies the machinery required to drill the foundations for wind farms. wednesday somebody put 1010, a lot of money from siblings since your machines are being used to build it. and this isn't it a bit contradictory, that on the one hand, you're profiting from wind energy on why that was same time sizing. it even integrates a credit in credit here. i'm not criticizing the project itself. i'm in favor of
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this underground cable that runs from north to south to been mia. it was just that if something bothers me, including political issues, me when i speak out. and if that's not popular, that's all i want to inspire people to thing. not thinking on late and so that electricity from the north won't be sufficient without additional wind farms in the south. so what's the alternative gale? tell me geothermal power like immunity and sound us moon can do that without making a fuss about it. the city of unit gets producing 25 to 30 percent of its electricity and heating and what geothermal power home? down the, i'm sorry, so we need to harness geothermal power to me. to me is died and the type of energy that works 24 hours a day. now the power from wind turbines and solar energy on the other hand, is unreliable. take me can also be d, so we can cover spikes in demand. but when the fund of in china or the wind doesn't blow in, then we can't generate any power kind school math. so he can. so in his view,
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geothermal energy, which comes from heat under the earth surface, could be a permanent solution. pipes very deep in the ground, alongside the rhine river and running several 100 kilometers between southern and central germany would supply hot water to power steam turbines. here to parent connect company has the necessary drilling equipment good us and everywhere in germany and from the may mid. this is no, not everywhere though. behind god. but the upper ryan rif seems, predestined for the sea. and we certainly do what they're producing, heating and electricity all the way from basel, almost to my house home. and again, appalled on each routing to mia does what i want to see is finally developing a concept for the next decade with or where our electricity will come from. the home had come on via missile. and we need to finally develop
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a concept. but instead of just considering a roundly and taught a vision is one today's leaders, me or we want is a better to me . the news. the news
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the news, the news and then this is an important document was justice in this very we thought edition was found dead in room 374 revised the stage of human tragedy. i'm political entry and i was series legendary hotels on d, w eco. africa willis
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from who the be a national park in congo. ah, he and his family would love nothing more than to live in peace. but poachers and farmers hunting and threatening the species. what's being done to protect the africa? 90 minutes on d. w. o. little guys, that is the 77 percent. the platform for you to be beat issues and share ideas. you know, on this channel we are not afraid to ask and then it gets tuffy. young people clearly have the solutions to view jobs.
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77, chris then now every weekend on d. w. people in trucks injured was trying to free the cities and more and more refugees are being turned away. family to be honest and traitors. people seeing queens getting 200 people around the world, more than 300000000 people are seeking refuge. why? because no one should have to flee the make up your own line. w. need for mines.
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the. ah ah, this is the w news. why? from berlin? dozens dead and hundreds missing. after the worst flooding germany has seen in decades. phase and parental reign leave communities along the belgian border cut off, and hundreds of homes are washed away or in ruins. also coming up on the program on the la medical of visit the u. s. for her last official visit as german chancellor, she joined president biden for dinner and talk and the pair agreed to disagree on one big issue. we'll get an update from our correspondence.

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