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tv   Aschenberg  Deutsche Welle  July 10, 2021 2:00am-2:31am CEST

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is my job as a journalist to go beyond the now i'm based in europe and my work picks the around the world. but my instincts for me and the space to tell the important story behind the headlines. what is the heart of the story? why does it matter? what impacts focus if you want to cut the noise to get to the truth. my name is tara kelly and i work at the w o. w news, and these are our top stories. the government of haiti has asked the united states to send true to protect the crucial infrastructure after the assassination of president jovan in the us and columbia. that there are investigators, would travel to haiti to help probe the killing. 17 suspect, have been arrested,
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including colombian and us national. 3 others were killed and fighting with security forces and 8 are still on the run. the united nations security council has voted to extend a vital lifeline to syria. russia opposed a resolution allowing international aid to cross through turkey into the rebel health ne of the country. moscow says the 8 operation violates theory and sovereignty. lithuania military has begun building a 550 kilometer long razor wire fence on its border with fellow route between, you know, 40 acute minutes of allowing hundreds of migrants to enter the european union illegally. bella ruth allowed crossings and retaliation for e u sanctions imposed after min diverted a flight to arrest a dissident journalist. steve, good news from berlin. there is a lot more on our website. that's d, w dot com the
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the u. s. s. p d f is withdrawn from afghanistan with to schedule to be out of the country by the end of august 20 years after entering the country in the wake of 911 to fight terrorism bad leaving, saying the job has been done of the costing millions of dollars and more than $2300.00. the us lies people about to ask. when did this forever was stop being a good idea. i'm so galle and this is the day. oh, lose. we're losing 20 years of achievement. us wants believes that they should enter the war 1st. united states turning away, mis responsibility by withdrawing troops from afghanistan hastily dumping the war on the afghan people and countries in the region. countries in the region having
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a sense of role, the players supporting a piece of some of the taliban already control more than 80 percent of the country . that's the truth. it's up to the people that can stand side on what government they want not us to impose the government on as long as the taliban engage in the peace process. but also on the day of the u. s. and it's international allies join ukraine to hold naval maneuvers in the black sea. so what the russians think of exercise seabreeze were operating in international waters. all of these exercises take place in international waters and local waters. it's great. as far as the russian federation naval response, you'll have to ask the russian welcome to the day when joe by and i'm see early and
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a half gone is time mission. he said this was no mission accomplished moment. and despite the taliban growing strength, the american president says it is not inevitable that mister surgeons will return to power. it's a sobering assessment of america's longest war. more than 2300 us troops died in afghanistan. since the us went in to end the terror threat following the 911 attacks. so what did they die for? we'll hear from us veteran of that war in just a moment. first, this report the, the taliban say this footage shows them celebrating after seizing control of the keyboard. they're crossing into iran. it was one of several advances made by the militants throughout gaston, in recent weeks, they've been gaining ground since the u. s. amounts to departure of its military by the end of august, the same military that after them from power in 2001 in washington, president biden defended the speed of the withdrawal,
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saying the u. s. would no longer sustain the human cost of a conflict that cannot change. i've gotten distance course ghani. so let me ask those who want us to stay. how many more? how many thousands more americans, daughters, and sons? are you willing to risk? i will much send another generation america to warn i can stand with no reasonable expectation of achieving the different outcome. but clyde and also argued the u. s . had achieved the original goal of routing al qaeda after the $911.00 terror attacks that led to the invasion. he said the decision to leave was overdue. we did not go to afghanistan to nation bill. it is the right and the responsibility of the afghan people alone to decide their future and how they want to run their country. just days ago, the u. s. pulled out of background air base near capitol the center of its military
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operations for nearly 2 decades. the pentagon says the withdrawal of us forces is now more than 90 percent complete. as foreign troops depart, the african military struggling to push back the taliban. like here enough gun is trans northwest. peace talks between the government and the militants. have so far failed. and many fear the violence will only get worse once the last us soldiers have returned home. let's explore this with adam weinstein, who's a research fellow at the quincy institute for responsible stayed craft. he's an expert on, i've got this done where he also served as a us marine. he joins us from washington. welcome to dw, let's start with the, the big question then pulling us troops out of afghanistan, regardless of the conditions on the ground, was the right decision. well, i think conditions based withdraw would have inevitably left us troops on the
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ground indefinitely. so it was the right call because it recognizes the reality that the only solution to the war in afghanistan is a political settlement. and that cannot be imposed by foreign troops. and when do you think in that 20 years that realisation finally sank in well, i think among some parts of government and certainly outside of government, the realization think in years and years ago. but i think both the president trump for president buy it and recognize the pulse of the country in the united states was that they didn't want to see an extension to us military involvement in this war. and i think the slow progress finish off on negotiations really hammered home. the fact that a political settlement was unlikely to happen,
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and it couldn't happen with the presence of foreign troops because that is one of the drivers of the conflict in the 1st place. but you seem to be saying that one of the main things that changed was the oper size of the american public for the conflict. well, i think the appetite changed, but you know, the american public might have been ahead of the u. s. government in realizing the utility of this conflict, even if the american public are not experts on them when you were serving as a marine in afghanistan, when you, when you clear about why you were there. i think at the time i served i was young, i was a us marine, i served in a room on providence and i probably did have a bit of an ideological view as to why we were there. i did feel that we were preventing terrorism from reaching the united states and we were engaging in nation
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building activities that were admirable. but the reality is that that mission was it was not accomplished. and there was a failure of us policy. and frankly, nato policy and in afghanistan, it doesn't mean that nato countries should be disengaged economically or diplomatically. but there simply is not a military solution to the conflict that can be imposed from the outside. and so when i, as i did today, i read an interview with taliban shadow man, and they both districts of afghanistan. and he said, we have won the war and america has lost in the wrong well, the color, but i have one in the sense that one of their primary goals was with for nato troops to leave. but i think the talk about are going to find that they're now part of a more intensified civil war. and the only real solution that allows everyone to win
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as a political settlement. so the top 1 may feel the one. but in reality they haven't . and i don't think tolerable statements about winning or losing should dictate us policy or nato policy. now not so much that, but just just being clear about what was achieved, what wasn't because that does seem to have been some, some sort of muddying of the waters present by and say, well, what not that a nation build. and as, as you said, you were the, when you were there, as a young man taking part in this. well, that was clearly part of what you, what you were sold. i wonder how the afghans then failed because ah, the guns wrong to think that the united states has abandoned them. i understand why i can feel that way, and some of that failure is the u. s. messaging. the reality of that president biden has been a difficult opposition, and he's correct that the original intention of invading our honest on was to
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counter terrorism and we have degraded. i'll be not defeated arcada. but i think the united states and nato partners have to grapple with the reality that the war became a nation building exercise. and we did sell it to off on end to the pile of the us. you know, your soldiers and to the broader public as a nation building exercise. so we have to grapple with that barrier. i mean, i think the german public was where it was supportive of you know, in military involvement and i've gone on some of that did have to do with advancing human rights in nation building. and so that was that, that record is something that the united states going to have to grapple with, even if president by and didn't do it in his speech and whatever it was allies. after $911.00, president bush triggered article 5 of the north atlantic treaty. the united states
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has been attacked and its allies rallied to it's a to go off, the alti, you got, he's done so on those same allies now, right to feel aggrieved at the way president trump began the us pull out without consulting them, and then president biden set a date for a full withdrawal regardless of conditions on the ground. well, like i said, i think a full withdraw that was not condition based was the only the only sustainable up saying that the time is. so you said that i'm wondering about the attitude of america's allies. america in this instance appears to be an unreliable ally. well, this is the problem with intervention as policies on the part of the united states, the united states for gifts that all of these other countries have their own domestic politics. a perfect example with the failure to communicate with germany about what the withdraw timetable would be at the same time that germany had to seek an extension for its mandate in on from its own government and from its own
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representatives. i mean, not that that's the case in point of how united states was in unreliable partner enough out of time. but that's because these interventionist foreign policy is inherently inherently create partnerships that are dictated by the united states. and i think we also have to remember that u. s. society was fundamentally trans transformed by the war on terror in a way that wasn't true in europe and in my opinion. so i would ask our europe partners to understand the reason for the u. s. withdraw, but i certain i certainly wouldn't excuse the lack of communication and limbo that the trump administration in particular put nato partners and good talking to you. thank you so much for joining us. i don't weinstein from the quincy institute for responses. statecraft, thanks for having me. in recent years,
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the country with the 2nd largest true deployment in afghanistan after the americans with germany, which is also completed the withdrawal of its forces. 59 german soldiers died in the mission a memorial to the dead. the forests of remembrance, as boone does their causes, it's dedicated to the men and women of the military who lost their lives in the course of duty. steph, i'm gone, is a guy that the memorial site, which was set up in 2014, many years after the start of the mission. enough. got his it's your and putting this in a culture of remembrance and the use of memorial con to rise from one day to the neck of the fun height of mall entity. and they have to grow the culture of remembrance within the whole grows, estimation progress is and with the experiences of the soul, the is on that mission, the 9 that's in the funds. and he's the culture of remembrance. it is growing that
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most people in germany have never even heard of the forests of remembrance, which is far from the capitals. germans don't feel particularly close to their country's military. the trib withdrawal from afghanistan is a point in case when the soldiers landed in germany, there was no petition to greet him. days later, the country still discussing whether any so how to do it should be paid to the mission. another controversial point is the treatment of afghans who work for the german mission underground, translators, for instance, they want the point is there to guaranteed a safety stance the withdrawal. they fear retribution by the taliban. toes that the hand for allies of the west has already started in my very sorry that we hear people in the neighborhood are being taken away by the taliban or local assistant, feel they have to go into hiding. i look at it for 2nd mark is gross himself, 3rd enough, ganesh. then now he lobbies for afghan,
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twisted the mission to be brought to germany. but the federal government is demanding that they pay for their own flights. german officials say the country has issued 2400 v does happen in all aspects of our mission. and we were assisted by dedicated incompetent afghans, both men and women for support desk. and i think this done without them, we would not have been able to do the job we were sent there to do. we understand the responsibility we have for these people in the form of remembrance that we soon be another memorial grove dedicated to the soldiers who fails in mazar e sharif. the city were many people who had the german mission, a few waiting for help from germany. ah, wargames involved in the united states, ukraine and says the other countries are wrapping up in the black sea opera,
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excuse me, exercise fee breeze went ahead. i, despite or perhaps because of russia strong objections, not just maneuvers for decades, took place in the waters around crimea, which russia antics from ukraine in 2014. and kevin came to join the native alliance and will host more exercises with the u. s. poland lithia. this month, russia called for the drills to be cancelled, and the russian defense ministry said it would react if necessary to protect its own national security. the u. s. navy seems unconcerned, were operating in international waters. all of these exercises take place in international waters and local waters. it's great. as far as the russian federation naval response, you'll have to ask the russians. i can't respond to that and we will continue to operate safely and professionally and interact with both our partner forces and many russian federation vessels professionally. well, let's see if we can get a russian perspective from andre quarter knob whose director general of the kremlin
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founded russian international affairs council. welcome to the w. let's start with the whole tension, a rounds and surrounding ukraine, ukraine, a sovereign country. why does moscow believe but 8 should determine home care of forms alliance with well, i don't think that it's an issue of determination. i think that the assumption is that if you clean joyce native for example, that will have very serious repercussions for the russian national security and therefore our show will have to take adequate measures in order to deal with this new challenge i. and also i think the position which is shared by menu is that not all of ukrainians are so eager to join it, especially in the east of the country. and their voice should be taken into consideration by decision makers and key,
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but is not the very definition of the determination which you say that russia doesn't have. if you have the people of ukraine elect a government to that government decides to formalize this wherever. that's not russia's business, is it? no, it is not. i think that ukraine is a sovereign country and it can do whatever it wants to do. but why did that the ukraine population suppose this idea? but of course, ukraine will have to face consequences of its measures because e for us believes that the national security deteriorated. a super kid that's, that's clear. so we have this, this exercise going on, but just finished, and the black se i just moscow because the presence of nato warships on his doorstep, i think it is regarded as an irritant. i don't think that there is a perception that these exercises constitute
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a formidable security threat to the russian federation. because russia will always have some kind of advantage. given the fact that the crime in peninsula has been turned into, into unsinkable aircraft carrier by the russian federation. but definitely it's never tend to because if you have so many military activities in this part of the rules and between the russian, nita, there is no agreement to avoid an accident said see, of course, there is a danger open in inadvertent escalation. and the danger is likely to grow you for these exercises continue. how does that? how do you get to an inadvertent escalation when ships are in international waters being a buzzed by russian aircraft? that's russia provoking a situation? surely. i don't think that the united states board is
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the black sea, northridge to argue that it is the u. s. neighborhood. even the united kingdom is not that close to the international waters know it. these are international. what is but speaking of the proximity to the territory of particular states, of course, ashy is closer than the united states or the united kingdom. but again, you are not talking about irrelevant international waters. the proximity to anywhere is not here today. if the waters off are free for international vessels to pass through than they are and they should be allowed to pass through without hanging from russia. if you want to get into detail, you should take them onto a convention which sets the limits on the presence of extraterritorial vessels in the black sea region. but i'm not talking about that. i'm just saying that you have
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many ships around or no matter what kind of waters we are talking about, or if there is a density of never movement in a particular region. of course, there are dangers and that's often discoloration, human, arrow or technical failure. you know, we, we had such incidents in the past and we can well have them in the future. and as simple as that doesn't constitute any legal case for forbidden, for an vessel. so to, to visit the black sea area. but of course, the risks are growing. it's hard to take a rush and complaints about exercise seabreeze. seriously, when the kremlin deployed $100000.00 troops plus tax and equipment close to ukraine's board in march and april of this year and announced that it was going to, it was go to block off sections of the black fi to foreign shipping for 6 months. well, you know, i will return this argument to you because you argue that the black sea is an
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international workers to which anyone can use of was the death of the russian federation belongs to rush and the rush can do that with once on its territory. you should forget about that. the switching top top is completely, i'd be interested in your view of the american withdrawal from afghanistan. well, i think that the situation is very clear. the united states and nato lot, the war the which this war for 20 years, they didn't bring stability prosperity to the american people. and now the united states retreats in there are other hectic, i would say, in other cumulative fashion. but the question is, where the neighboring countries can do any better the need to do, to goodness, and i hope that they can, but it's still an open question we're talking to is very clear. thank you so much for joining us and re quote enough from the russian international affairs council.
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life for the transgender community in indian control. kashmir has never been easy. despite their work as matchmakers and wedding entertain this, they still faced lots of hostility and discrimination. but lately, situations have become even worse, is locked down in the region, prevent them from going about their business, leaving some facing destitution. the sub number any is that transgender woman living in india administered gush. me? she wanna lead members the days when she would dance at reading now, she mostly stays at home. the disruptions caused by a corona wireless restrictions and the log down by indian authorities after daily walks the regions autonomy in 2019 have taken that all over our work has
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suffered a lot even before the lock downs. our earnings were meager. now they have dried up the community, not only faces discrimination and hostility from the society. their self expression is also a booth object in the muslim majority region, which is a term gender in the place we live in. we cannot opt for 16 therapy, and our holy book also doesn't allow that jobs and my son is a writer actually lives for the l g b t q. community english means he says mental health issues are prevalent in the communities. they're not able to reconcile between religion and their sexuality, or for that matter, the agenda identity as well, and then start the abuse. and if you will start from the families on, on lee. and this is all, you know it's, it's the word, but it's physical. it is sexual as well in a month we would receive just one case of you know,
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mental health issue from the community. now we are receiving a lot of cases. did out about 4000 members in the community. and few have received government aid. but chad, mom lives in the hope that her work as a dancer and a matchmaker will resume once again love. i could never marry, but i work with dignity when i bring to families to get during much meetings, i hope it continues. after the government began eating long known restrictions in gush meat over the weekend, that told me have come a step closer. the finally, something that has got people stopping and staring on the streets of tokyo, most billboards only get a casual glance for this giant 3 d cats been drawing huge crowds, larger than life. katy, even mouse local businesses who sponsor it said i wanted to do something to achieve
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people. while tokyo grapples this latest cove in outbreak as a state of emergency. so realistic that someone has to clean up the kitty litter for that was the day as ever the compensation continues online and you'll find this on twitter at the w news. have a good day the who's ah cruise.
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ah, the news . the news, the news the news ah, the challenge me extreme to the the one extra mice design team. so i was in
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the next hour. so good at the end of the day rest on d. w to the point strong opinion and clear positions. international perspective. when it sometimes seems that we are indeed losing the battle against climate change. does that mean a cruel future for the next generation? certainly, it's a possibility. so why are we willing to change the way we live lives? find out on to the point to this point, dw, ah, the news in december 2019 the european council, the new president show me show important on a ground breaking mission. i have
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a clear job to make 0. the 1st time it's, it's, i don't see me on the planet value 2050 but not all e u. member states supported and some persuasion is required. quite some time. when the diplomatic poker, intrinsic power plays and alliances behind the scenes, a b, e. u climate summit starts august 5th on d, w. mm ah, excuse me. we are living during the most extraordinary time in history transport for electric
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you might have read the auto and mobility show.

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