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tv   Corona Spezial  Deutsche Welle  July 9, 2021 6:30am-7:00am CEST

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circulation is one of the most important projects at the one carlos. the 1st station is its study of the heard and johnson glaciers. and this would be really nice. this is anyway, this stays the mass balance advantage and found against the big question is if it's similar to opposite, if you know, is it getting colder and an arctic out see system for the another. yes, it is getting cold earlier, but our measurements are limited to the last 15 years. so we are going to get studies need to examine the period if at least 30. if we look closer, we can see that there was a gradual temperature in danger. and the temperature dropped in the subsequent 15 years. but globally, the trend is towards looming. and i'm in the one with the
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on our trip we didn't see much snow. but the year before, there was so much know that the 2 meter high stakes used to monitor the glacier disappeared to find them. the spanish team had to dig dig and dig located next to livingston island is half moon island. ah. the news we made a discovery in this miniature sized antarctica. the weather here changes very suddenly.
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within minutes, the snow fall turns into a blizzard clocking winds of 80 kilometers an hour. the next stop is deception. island home to the station, gabrielle de castillo. this island is the caldera of an active volcano, last erupt in 1970 huge glaciers are concealed beneath the ash
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regarding the cast station is run by the spanish army. wait, didn't we say the antarctic treaty bands, all military activity? but i spoke with the lies law due to the island difficult terrain. and the danger posed by the location of it was decided that the army was best equipped to operate the nation must put it. but on this window, our mission is to make the visit and just feel at home, and that they come for a very specific time period to work on research. i take samples, do experiments and collect data other than others with douglas. and i think our job is to ensure all the logistics are in place so they can concentrate on their work. i'm in the laser and so there are no weapons here. no, no, no, no. i know i deception. ireland is home to a large colony of chin strap penguins and race barbosa has been studying these animals for 20 years. i expected from one other thing we know other species like
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the other late penguins, those populations have decreased dramatically on the and talked about an insulin by about 60 percent. the penguin is also threatened by extinction. but it also species like the gym to penguin have profited from present a condition that i saw our populations have been decreased by about 15 to 20 percent. that's basically what's been happening over the course of 4000000000 years on our planet. it's called evolution in a while as a species to thrive on the positive conditions this then they vanish and are replaced by others. so ah, andreas installed a camera to monitor the penguins all year long. the images track the birds and their offspring as they gradually flee beyond set of cold temperatures. me with the siegel fly by the drifting iceberg. the arrival of storms that bury the camera and snow and then
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blow it free again. the long, lonesome winter. the formation of ice. ah sunsets that no one else sees. in october, the penguins return, soon they begin to lay their eggs. and a few weeks later, checks are born ah, in one of the spanish navies tasks is to map the undersea topography around these islands. the drive a deeper a speed
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getting more because the antarctic coat to so i'm in less than one percent of the area. underwater has been properly see, feel better off the for example, you have to change your ship because of an iceberg. and it can be dangerous to leave the zone for which they are accurate. they have a lot more. so we need to produce more maps to prevent shipment, oil spills, or other ex i think it's owned by people not just to protect human life, but also to prevent damage to the environment. here. we really have lots of work who they will take every country with the ability to cooperate should automate and call what i've told me. the british captain william smith made the 1st recorded landing in an article in 18. 19 an accident after he was blown off course by powerful winds. spain claims the honor for gabriella castillo, who it says, discovered the continent in 16. 03, though that's never been proven. it's probable that steel hunters set foot on these
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islands before william smith. but they kept quiet about their discovery, so as not to have to share its treasure trove of fur this not, but a sample of it shows of organisms from the little c, and nobody knows what family genius or species they belong to. they have yet to be classified, which is true, lots of completely different types of animal malice commentary seems to me, despite its remote location, far removed from almost all human life on earth. the southern ocean is a vital and precious region of the planet. the cima. modern de explore it has been dispatched to the region by the university
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of barcelona. more people thought that because it's so cold with resources in terms of food, it would be little phone or on the see did. that's not true. plantations are harsh, but organisms, the dat systems didn't talk to the oldest on the planet species who had a long time to adapt. and there are a species that are in fact unique to the system here. the most. do you feel a bit like explorers? what well yeah, i do. the explorers of antarctica today and in times past
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in 1911 norwegian, explore old, ominous, and of norway and britons robert falcon, scott race to be the 1st to reach the south pole. once and triumphed while scots team perished trying to return. though his expedition ended in tragedy, scott was celebrated as a hero. on his way back, scott had picked up a fossil from a tree also found in south america. and india. defined supported the theory that the continents were once joined and had drifted apart. and so the race to the south pole contributed to a better understanding of our planets, evolutionary history. the remnants of an old whaling station can still be found on deception island. long ago
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the location was referred to as bred bay because of the bloodstained water or stinking bay. due to the stench of rotting meat and processing oil. it was shut down in 1931. an international ban on commercial wailing came into force in 1986. the japan was allocated a quota for scientific research purposes. it was long suspected of violating the terms of this quote by pursuing commercial wailing and antarctica. we supposed sustainable use? we'd like to see ways forever in the future. it was the only way sustainable you as soon as possible. it is free for any nation to have any,
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to have particular ways of eating animals in the nation and culture. in 2014, the international court of justice in the hague ruled against japan's wailing program. the court concludes that the special pam is granted by japan for the killing taking and treating a whales in connection with john by 2 are not for purposes of scientific research. for this young to article 8, but i going to run over the convention. japan complied with the court decision, but only for one year after which it ships were back out wailing and the southern ocean again wailing is not the only problem we should be concerned about. the patagonia tooth
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fish is an antarctic treasure. it's subject to catch limits, but amid high demand poaching is a lucrative business that basically says ignore closer than i mean, it's on fishing technique just because he's mandate the long line and people which allows you to select efficient ways to just drift indiscriminate. they killed the homes of other fish as well. the in 20142016 spanish police, interpol, and the news. the lind navy took joint action against to be done out of my daughters. a spanish company accused of illegal fishing. when it went out on me and span. yeah, but it was a milestone internationally because i'm saying issued a public knowledge and saying, we admit this is acquired fishing company and we know there are many others, but this story didn't have a happy ending. the middle middle, this appealed level conviction of the supreme court decided to do it stay the
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ruling that the alleged hunting has taken place. international uses and spanish courts had no jurisdiction to try the case. i've missed me use from here. the s p leaders head south. it sails into the gal lush, straight, one of the most spectacular locations on the entire continent. me
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this is the argentinian station primavera. but i'm going to be able to wait as a prima very station is run by the army here that i was. unlike other station system of it has a system of raised walkways. so we avoid trampling on fragile plan including mosse and l. g. as to cause the least possible damage of feeling. why is it that international cooperation works, but not of the when low? no, no, no, nothing which you in which i'm not a foreign policy expert. so i can't allow that. but the antarctic treaty very well . because you asked me why i can't really say it just does that. but again, i say i wish the rest of the world this way, but probably there's more egoism and other places who say here for about you know, that part of the mind really is there cooperation between argentina,
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sheila and the united kingdom to laugh yeah. yeah. frank, in fact, when i arrived with the freight patients, there's no problem in that regard. this here in an article it works perfectly on officially. i'd be happy to show you a bit more of the station that. 2 i go much bit off. the commander mentioned the phrase station which is to lay in, but nothing specific about the u. k. it may just have been coincidence. or maybe he was avoiding a sensitive topic. in 1982, argentina and britain went to war over the falkland islands. for many, it left wounds that never healed. for days we watched other worldly scenes unfold before our eyes. ah,
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the news during those weeks we discovered and arctic as infinite beauty and one of its biggest threats. and i know that we saw rank or basic numbers in 2008, 2009 with some 46000 torres between the financial crisis hit the tourism industry and numbers dropped over to below 25. recently they went back up again 6000 because one of the numbers keep rising seem very stable. if you don't get to that, we don't know what will happen. i think numbers will increase, but these trips on cheap cost a cost between 5 and 10000 euros power train. i would say no,
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i would just not a lot of people can afford such luxury and look for them in here for every researcher in antarctica, there are now 10 tourists. it's a business that rakes and some $400000000.00 euros per year. a few years ago and in geo opened a new d. m here inside a british station, dating from the 1950s bought out up lateral rules of conduct visitors, but more needs to be done. and it would help if tourists were required to make a monetary contribution. to regional conservation up, it's currently only 10 of the 521-0000 heroes they have for their trip to order, raising their footprints and off. but what goes to conservation management. and i like about the often the tourist to file
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a complaint against the tour operators to cloud regulations that really yeah. do you think tourism may have a negative impact? because personally, you know, we were, we were able to have a lot of time to walk on track and there's been a lot of time walking around the islands. and so far we've found some trash, which is very surprising in a way because you know, in our mind, at least in my mind, i thought an article would be a very perceive and remote location would be untouched. but then looking at, you know, a milk carton from china and i'm trying to use, i can read that and then looking at different water bottles and wait on beaches and it just, it's shocking in away me. it's not just tourism. any human presence in an article can pose a threat and that they were looking for aliens
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for any list. well that's alien species that didn't exist in the region before they arrive, check out the local conditions. and if they meet their ecological requirements, they settle and propagates that we want to identify the invasive species displaced local population. local is the last thing that if the temperature arises even a slightly more maybe she would previously have been unable to propagate. 50 can invade occupied the happy dance of native patients in the palm or point. okay. and how do these invasive species reach end article? why not in but they arrive through different natural channels without it either on the women or tree trunks or on a floating object or on animal natural root, the main source of invasion, the human inadvertently carried on vehicle wheels or actually stopped by the many species die in the harsh conditions which are other more hardy ones becoming
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evasive, it gets on come up. what he does, i got what i mean by the that's why we were required by the spanish polar committee to carefully vacuum each one of the items we took with us to antarctica. can you solve the problem alone to know what to get? you know that the, what the great thing about it arctic the cooperation between the many countries active here you want you want to employ is a good example, is our success and eradicating and invasive species. 2 years ago, when i go to the not the on, it was a coordinated effort to spanish, british in argentine polar communities, me to pull out of and, and that despite the fact that britain and argentina have a history of conflict in our region, but i'm going to be a radical database, a patient out all the money. actually salary got young 1000000000 by salt call, or someone or maybe ecologists or dr. jacqueline we've diagnosed. the dizziness are
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going to now the only society to follow the doctor's orders medical me after a week on the gala straight dsb, this makes its way back to the spanish station. from there it will return home. but i couldn't leave antarctica without investigating the world, single, biggest threat to peace and the environment, environmental and therapy, they recalled. without a doubt, there are mineral resources in your hand. there's only a guy who does and they're not just hydro copies in the form of petroleum, but also minerals like nickel, gold, and silver. i think the fully come recently allocation of even finding a time that may have a diamond. if you have as much, i come increasingly easier and cheaper to reach and article. there could be minerals here with a value so great my justify their expectation is to get in even in such
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a remote location and hostile environmental split, split up, you know what? i'm going to handle it when i'm going to still do this. mr. prestige. oil still, and we conducted research to determine the impact along the entire cost of northern spain. and the findings were devastating. oil isn't just hard to remove. it's impossible if we take off the upper layer. but the rest of the day we're going to finish because oil spill in, talk to 2 on the scale of the prestige would be a total catastrophe. if the oil impact on the sheep would be far more dramatic in any of the effects you can have in other reaching and not to do this, but why was it will be impossible to reach all of the areas that he had an effect. when is a free oil and some of the i will be much harder for marine come in
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last week in 1989 signatories of the antarctic treaty were poised to open the door to limited oil and mineral prospecting that had new countries lining up to join the club. but then once again, a miracle happened that day saw the signing of the madrid protocol from one of the agreement teams to protect the environment of antarctica. the only remaining christine territory on our plan for them to stay in force for the next 50 years. the thing when daniel at the last so often the world's most powerful countries were divided. now minerals around erupted between the more environmentally conscious mostly european nations. in the united states, they also via union, china and britain in the southern maybe ambient and i'm about to shoot bills in the end all agreed to a 50 year moratorium on the exploitation of mineral resources. the ban can only be
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lifted with the unanimous agreement of all signatories, which is virtually impossible. i'd prefer the protocol was a compromise between the 2 sides and the exploitation of resources that cause pollution or irreparable damage to antarctica. but it found to impose a permanent plan. this process the madrid protocol will be subject to review in 2048. what happens then? that she's been consensus quite anything is a very hard thing to do. so as long as you haven't convinced all of the countries that a change from current policy is needed than the current ban on mining continues. as a legal matter. that may be, but some are still tempted. in 2007, britain asserted new claims to a vast area of the c bad off antarctic. it says for the reasons why countries go to
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great length shipping people to the nation and i talk to the yes, they will not want to insure they'll be there when the continent is did it. or even if no one will know the couple of the company as a researcher, do you feel you are being exploited for that end? no, but i know that no, not at all, but a fellow lies. i have always believed to join with your enemy, but i probably just to take advantage of all that back and see the best course the most through our research we can obtain it will help protect now a lot of later, but i guess i believe that based on a theory, let me call me back by most i'm, i don't know, investing news and
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so the spanish researchers and military personnel take leave of the southernmost continents. the news . shortly before we reached the mainland, we received footage of the penguin colony on deception island. the chicks were born 20 days ago. the embryo in this egg is dead. its parents can't lay another until next year. it's hard for them to let it go. ah, a human kind also tries desperately to protect the things that loves. and science
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has shown that the human heart is bigger than that of a penguin. or would you beg to differ? the no, that's the one thing we can agree on. ah, the ah. ah
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ah. in the to the point, strong opinion, clear position, international perspective. when it sometimes seems that we are indeed losing the battle against climate change. does that mean a cruel future for the next generation? certainly possibility. so why are we so unwilling to change the way we live our lives? find out on to the point to the point on dw, ah,
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the news against the corona virus pandemic is the rate of infection in developing what measures are being taken. what does the latest research say? the information and context ah, carmine virus updated because it special monday to friday on d. w. i think everything challenging 1st and make so much different culture between here and there still challenging for everything. ah, i think it was worth it for me to come to germany. i haven't got my license to work
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as this instructor here. and now i teach children. don't worry. what's your story? take part serious on info migrant dot net. ah ah ah, this is the w news and these are the top stories organizes of the cocoa olympics have announced a total ban on spectators. it follows a new state of emergency declared in the japanese capital due to the rising current of virus infections. foreign fans were already banned. now japanese spectators are being told to stay at home.

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