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tv   Corona Spezial  Deutsche Welle  July 9, 2021 3:30am-4:01am CEST

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circulation is an article up to one of the most important projects at the one carlos the 1st station. is it study of the heard and johnson glaciers? and this would be really nice. this is anyway, the state, the mass balance of antarctic sheets and found the gains of us have been granted that and the senior director opposite is, you know, is it getting colder and antarctica? see system for the another. yes, it is getting cold. but our measurements are limited to the last 15 years. so we are trying to get studies need to examine the period of at least 30. if we look closer, we can see that there was a gradual temperature in 15 years and the temperature dropped in the subsequent 15 years. but globally, the trend is towards warming, the one with the
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on our trip, we didn't see much snow. but the year before, there was so much know that the 2 meter high stakes used to monitor the glacier disappeared to find them. the spanish team had to dig the and dig and dig located next to livingston island is half moon island. ah, the news, we made a discovery in this miniature aside and arctica. the weather here, changes very suddenly.
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ah within minutes the snow phone turns into a blizzard clocking winds of 80 kilometers an hour. the city to the next stop is deception. island home to the station, gabrielle de castillo. this island is the caldera of an active volcano. it last ruptured in 1970. huge glaciers are concealed beneath the ash
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gabby, the cast station is run by the spanish army. wait, didn't we say the antarctic treaty bands all military activity, but i spoke with the lies law due to the island difficult terrain and the danger post by the location. it was decided that the army with best equipped to operate station must put into our mission is to make the visiting scientists feel at home megalunch that they come for a very specific time period to work on research. i'll take samples, do experiments and collect data with it. i think our job is to ensure all the logistics are in place so they can concentrate on their work that i'm in the laser . and so there are no weapons here. no, no, none that i know was i deception island is home to a large colony of chin strap penguins and race barbosa has been studying these animals for 20 years. i expected from one other thing. we know other species like
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the delay penguins, whose populations have decreased dramatically on the antarctic. an insulin by about 60 percent penguin is also threatened by extinction. but it also species like the gen to penguin have profited from present day condition less on our list. it's population of increased by about 15 to 20 percent. and that's basically what's been happening over the course of 4000000000 years on our planet. it's called evolution. and the whole system is better species to thrive on the positive condition of this, the new vanish and replaced by others in the undress, installed a camera to monitor the penguins all year long. the images track the birds and their offspring as they gradually flee the onset of colder temperatures. with eagle fly by the drifting icebergs.
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the arrival of storms that bury the camera and snow and then blow it free again. the long, lonesome winter. the formation of the ice. ah sunsets that no one else sees. in october, the penguins return, soon they begin to lay their eggs. and a few weeks later, chicks are born ah, in one of the spanish navies tasks is to map the undersea topography around these islands. the drive a deeper 86 minutes to get in because the antarctic coast is less than one percent of the
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area underwater has been properly. you know, for example, you have to change your ship because of an iceberg, and it can be dangerous to leave the zone for which they are accurate day. because have a lot more. so we need to produce more maps to prevent shipment, oil spills or other ex nemea, but not just to protect human life, but also to prevent damage to the environment. here we really have lots of work animal who it will take every country with the ability to cooperate with me. and i think what i was told by text me, the british captain william smith made the 1st recorded landing in an article in 1819 an accident after he was blown off course by powerful winds. spain claims the honor for godaddy castillo, who it says, discovered the continent in 16 o. 3, though that's never been proven. it's probable that seal hunters set foot on these
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islands before william smith, but they kept quiet about their discovery, so as not to have to share its treasure trove of fur. i got, but a sample of it says of organisms from the will see. and nobody knows what family genius or species they belong to. they have yet to be classified up, which is true. lots of completely different types of animals on my list. come to commentary. me despite its remote location, far removed from almost all human life. the southern ocean is a vital and precious region of the planet. a team of modern day explorers has been dispatched to the region by the university
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of barcelona vehicle. more people thought that because it's so cold with cheese resources in terms of food, it would be little phone or on the see did. that's not true. plantations are good organisms adapt. speaker systems to then talk to the oldest on the plan. this species had a long time to adapt and there are a species that are in fact unique to the system. here i'm on the do you feel a bit like explorers? what well yeah, i do. the explorers of antarctica today and in times past
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in 1911 norwegian. explore rolled on me and then the norway and britain's robert falcon scott race to be the 1st to reach the south pole. amundsen triumph to wealth . god's team perished trying to return. though his expedition ended in tragedy, scott was celebrated as a hero. on his way back, scott had picked up a fall from a tree also found in south america. and india. defined supported the theory that the continents were once joined and had drifted apart. so the race to the south pole contributed to a better understanding of our planet's evolutionary history. ah, the remnants of an old whaling station can still be found on deception island. long
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ago the location was referred to as bred bay because of the bloodstained water or stinking bay. due to the stench of rotting meat and processing oil. it was shut down in 1931. an international ban on commercial wailing came into force in 1986. the japan was allocated a quota for scientific research purposes. it was long suspected of violating the terms of this quote by pursuing commercial wailing and antarctica. we support sustainable use. we'd like to see ways forever in the future because are the only way sustainable as possible. and it is free for any nation
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to have any, to have articulate ways of dealing animals in the nation and culture. in 2014 the international court of justice in the have ruled against japan's wailing program. the court concludes that the special pam is granted by japan for the killing taking and treating a whales in connection with jar too are not for purposes of scientific research. for this young to article 8, but i got one of the convention japan complied with the court decision, but only for one year after which it ships were back out wailing and the southern ocean again wailing is not the only problem we should be concerned about. the patagonia tooth
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fish is an antarctic treasure. it's subject to catch limits, but i'm in high demand. poaching is a lucrative business. the biscuit salt will close isn't really on fishing. just because these mandate the long line and people which allows you to select efficient ways to just drift indiscriminately killed the homes of other fish as well. the in 20142016 spanish police, interpol. and the news, the lind navy took joint action against to be done out of my daughter's a spanish company accused of illegal fishing when it went out on me and span. yeah . but it was a milestone internationally because jane issued a public knowledge and saying, we admit this is the spanish climate fish company. and we know there are many others. but this story didn't have a happy ending. to dial on the door was appealed level conviction of the supreme
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court decided to do it, say the ruling that the alleged punching had taken place. international and spanish court had no jurisdiction to try the case. me use from here, the leaders head south. it sales into the gala sh, straight one of the most spectacular locations on the entire continent. ah,
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this is the argentinian station primavera. but that is going to be the way that the primavera station is run by the army here that i was just unlike other station has a system of raised walkways. so we avoid trampling on fragile plan including mosse and algae as to cause the least possible damage of feeling. why is it that international cooperation works here, but none of the, when no, no, no, no, nothing to him, which i believe i'm not a foreign policy expert. so i can't say aloud, but the antarctic treaty works very well, because you asked me why i can't really say it just does say i wish the rest of the world this way. but probably there's more ego and other places here there for about another part of it really is there cooperation between argentina,
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she lay in the united kingdom to law. yeah. yeah. in fact, when i arrived with the freight station, there is no problem in that regard. here in an article it works perfectly officially i'd be happy to show you a bit more of the station that. 2 i go my last bit, the commander mentioned the phrase station which is to lay in, but nothing specific about the u. k. it may just have been coincidence. or maybe he was avoiding a sensitive topic. in 1982 argentina and britain went to war over the falkland islands. for many, it left wounds that never healed. for days we watched other worldly scenes unfold before our eyes. ah
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ah ah. during those weeks we discovered and arctic as infinite beauty and one of its biggest threats. as i know that we all rank or face it numbers in 2008, 2009. with some 46000 tourist in the financial crisis, hit the tourism industry and numbers dropped to below 25. recently they went back up again, 6006. maybe one of the numbers keep rising, seem very stable. if you don't, we don't know what will happen. i think numbers will increase these trips on cheap cost, a cost between $5.10 euros per trend. yet, i would say no, i am,
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which are not a lot of people can afford such luxury and low quality they need for every researcher in antarctica, there are now 10 tourists. it's a business that rakes in some $400000000.00 euros per year. a few years ago and n g o opened a new them here inside a british station, dating from the 1950s bought out up lateral rules of conduct visitors, but more needs to be done and it would help if tourists were required to make a monetary contribution. to regional conservation up, it's currently only 10 of the 521-0000 heroes. they pay for their trip to water raising their footprints. but what goes to conservation management? and i like often the tourist to file
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a complaint against the tour operators to the cloud, regulations that area do you think tourism may have a negative impact in america? personally, you know, we were, we were able to have a lot of time to walk on track and there's been a lot of time walking around the islands. and so far we've found some trash, which is very surprising in a way because you know, in our mind, at least in my mind, i thought an article would be a very placene and remote location would be untouched. but then looking at, you know, a milk carton from china and i'm tiny but can read that and then looking at different water bottles and waste on beaches. and it just is shocking in away me. it's not just tourism. any human presence in an article can pose a threat and that they were looking for aliens
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were selling less when, as aliens in a sense of species that didn't exist in the region before they arrive, check out the local conditions. and if they meet their ecological requirements, they settle and propagates. in fact, we want to identify the invasive species displaced local population. out of local c last the temperature rises even a slightly more. maybe she previously had been unable to propagate. a 50 can invade occupied the happy times of native patients in the palm of the open. okay. and how do these invasive species reach antarctic? why not in but they arrive through different natural channels, either on the tree trunks or on a floating object or on animal natural root. the main civil asian human inadvertently carried on vehicle wheels or actually stopped by the many
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species die in a harsh conditions which are that other more hearty ones become innovative. it gets on come up when i got what i mean. that's why we were required by the spanish polar committee to carefully vacuum each one of the items we took with us to antarctica. can you solve the problem? as long as it's sort of what you know, that'd be honest. but the great thing about it arctic, as the cooperation between the many countries active here on your employer is a good example, is our success in eradicating and invasive species 2 years ago. or when i go to the not the on, it was a coordinated effort to spanish, british and argentine polar communities, me to pull out of. and that despite the fact that britain and argentina have a history of conflict in the region, but i'm going to be a radical database of all the money. actually the salary got the underlying on some of the maybe ecologists or the earth. dr. jacqueline, we've diagnosed it is now the only society to follow the doctor's orders or medical
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me after a week on the gala straight. the sb this makes its way back to the spanish station from there it will return home. but i couldn't leave antarctica without investigating the world, single, biggest threat to peace and the environment. environmental and therapy data short. without a doubt, there are mineral resources in your hand. there's all you got to move and they're not just 100 copies in the form of natural gas petroleum, but also minerals like nickel, gold, and silver. i think the fully come reach cation of even finding a time. you may have a diamond significant. it covers as much come increasingly easier and cheaper to reach and articles because there could be minerals here with values so great might justify their exploitation as yet. and even in such
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a remote location and hostile environmental split, split that you know, it could be done are still going to be this weakness the prestige oil spill. we conducted research to determine the impact along names, high cost of northern spain. and the findings were devastating. oil isn't just hard to remove. it's impossible if we take off the upper layer. but the rest of the stage, they got an oil spill and i talked to on the scale of the prestige would be a total catastrophe. and if the oil impact on the sheet would be far more dramatic in any of the effects you can have in other regions. and it does not do that. but why was it will be impossible to reach all of the areas that he had an effect when if a free oil in the ice let under so be much harder for marine come in
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in 1989 signatories of the antarctic treaty were poised to open the door to limited oil and mineral prospecting that had new countries lining up to join the club. but then once again, a miracle happened and there's a lot of good day saw the signing of the madrid protocol from the agreement teams to protect the environment of antarctica, the only remaining christine territory on our planet when i'm up to stay enforced for the next 50 years peter, the think went daniels at the last. so often the weld mt powerful countries were divided. now men most around erupted between the more environmentally conscious european nations. in the united states and the soviet union, china and britain and the southern re ambient. them about the lawsuit or bales in the end all agreed to a 50 year moratorium on the exploitation of mineral resources. the ban can only be
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lifted with the unanimous agreement of all signatories, which is virtually impossible. i prefer the protocol was a compromise between the 2 sides and the exploitation of resources that cause pollution or irreparable damage to antarctica. but it found to impose a permanent ban on this process. the madrid protocol will be subject to review in 2048. what happens then that she's been consensus hardly anything is, is a very hard thing to do. so as long as you haven't convinced all of the countries that change from current policy is needed than the current ban on mining continues . as a legal matter. that may be, but some are still tempted in 2007 britain asserted new claims to a vast area of the sea bed. off antarctica, it says 4. so there's
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a reason why countries go to great length shipping people to open the nation in antarctica new. yes, they will not want to insure they'll be there when the continent is did i order, even if no one will be done in a couple of weeks as a researcher, do you feel you are being exploited for that end? no, but not. no, not at all, but it will shallow lives. i have always believed it to join with your enemy, but to take advantage of all that. i mean, but she can give us the course a most through our research week and it will help protect now a lot of later, but i guess, april 7th, i believe that sound based on a or theory, let me call me back if i missed them. i don't know, investing news and
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so the spanish researchers and military personnel take leave of the southernmost continent. the news . shortly before we reach the mainland, we received footage of the penguin colony on deception island. the chicks were born 20 days ago. the embryo in this egg is dead. its parents can't lay another until next year. it's hard for them to let it go. ah, human kind also tries desperately to protect the things that loves. and science has
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shown that the human heart is bigger than that of the penguin. or would you beg to differ? the no, that's the one thing we can agree on. ah, the who's who's
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in? ah, the forgotten about for a long time. lat fabio glue and his colleagues are directing traffic again and the piazza. the media transforms into a real once more in 13 b, w. we build and i
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think that was know, tomorrow at some point, supplies are now grounded with old we say recently. now, we'll all have more of a longer me in germany. 90 minutes on d w. oh. the little guys that is the 77 percent the bomb was african issues and share ideas. you know, just so i know we are not afraid to capture and africa population is when people
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clearly have the solutions, the future the 77 percent. now every weekend on the w me the this is the w news and these are the top stories organizes. i'll be toko olympics have announced a total ban on spectators. it follows a new state of emergency declared in the japanese capital due to the rising current of virus infections. foreign fans were already banned. now japanese spectators are being told to stay at home. authorities in south africa, se former president jacob zoom. i could be eligible for parole in full month.

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