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tv   Der Tag  Deutsche Welle  July 7, 2021 12:00am-12:31am CEST

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the money tends to be the process of flattery, and it's best laid plans often go astray when the game of diplomatic poker use power plays and alliances behind the climate summit on d. w o. mrs. d w needs, and these are the top stories in football. it's they have beaten spain in a penalty shoot out to secure their thoughts at the you are 2020 final off the mash and did $11.00. it's needed. sure. enough road be decisive penalty to send me through. on wednesday, denmark face england at wembley on the battle for the other final place.
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me was european council president. charles michelle has visited the border between ballers and you remember lithuania, where records numbers of migrants of arrived in recent weeks. he says that the roof is allowing migrants to cross the border to put pressure on the you, brussels accusers, minks of using micros as a political porn. me a number of countries have closed the consulate in northern afghanistan, author recent gains made by the taliban. germany, close its continent in missouri, sharif turkey and have also reported because their doors, the instruments listen group has over run most districts in the problem. this is dw news from berlin. you can find much more on a website, w dot com, the oh, the
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news. the british government today propose they plan to fix what he calls a very broken asylum system. he calls for putting asylum seekers and off shore detention centers. those arriving by boat over the english channel, they could be arrested, a breaks, it promised, kept. and one that may be illegal us, while makers will tell you that their immigration system also needs major reforms. president by use those exact words just last weekend. but unlike london, washington has no new plan on the table to fix the problem. the crisis at the border remains what it has been for a very long time, a crisis. i'm bringing from berlin. this is the day the take courage to leave everything you know, go to another place,
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no matter where it is. freedom is indeed the big pit. i'm so excited about being an american citizen. i want to thank you for choosing me necessarily. thank you for choosing the united states of america. thank you. thank you so much. the me now believed in america is worthy of your aspirations. us, they accept me. the country have democracy and freedom. immigration has always been essential to america. also coming up, it has been almost a year since that massive explosion devastated much of the liberties capital b route. it sent the country into a political, social, and economic depression. the likes of which the world has rarely seen in the past 200 years was saying that these people committed to pay such a high price. although there were these people supposed to die outside hospitals,
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where while we wait to hold the corrupt, accountable city to our viewers on p b. s in the united states, into all of you around the world. welcome. we begin the day with boarders and those who want to cross them and those who want to guard them today, the u. k. government proposed a plan that would criminalize attempts to reach the u. k. illegally. it would expand the scope of border forces to make arrests and also place asylum seekers in offshore detention centers. all of this apparently modeled on existing systems in denmark and australia. critic say the plan would violate international law, protecting refugees. any plan calling for asylum seekers to be kicked out of the country would violate a you in refugee convention signed by countries including the u. k. now the u. k and the united states share huge immigration challenges. one of the greatest is how to allow people to arrive at the border and legally apply for asylum or start the
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path to citizenship. for decades, the u. s. congress has tried and failed to reform the countries immigration policies. the problem at the border is getting worse, but that has not diminished the hopes or the numbers of people who want to become citizens of the united states. the w carleen joy picks up that part of the store whose he can you see where the house and new americans have been welcomed all over the country within the last week. and they have been waiting for at least 5 years for this very moment to happen. this celebration took place among her none. the home of the 1st us president, george washington, russia. sudan. 39 people from 32 different countries are now american. your for green master will b u. s. army since 2019. he's waited for 5 years to become an american citizen
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feeder. we see that freedom. judging from where from where i am right now is a big difference when it comes to freedom. it comes to respect for human life and comes through human rights. and all of those things, things that are anywhere outside america, but in america, something we enjoy in abundance. so freedom is indeed the big pain. i'm so excited about being an american citizen who was born in vietnam on be a communist country. yeah, i used to be a commented party member and i renounce it. so i joined this country and us a accept me this country have democracy and freedom. my thought more. i made a right 6 years ago with her family from sudan. i am
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a long time full come citizenship. thank you. thank you so much and have the, you know, the number of not really, asians has little to do with the sitting president and has always been that high. it only went down last year because of course it, you're the tower tells every year encourage you to come back. you were a nation of immigrants and we are stronger as a country, as you, when you bring in a diverse and inclusive crowd from dipped from different countries and cultures. and it just makes us better as a country. and i via the united states, it was billed 245 years are you who are currently in small joins me now from washington. good evening to you currently . that was a powerful piece there that you put together. and you know, we just celebrate the 4th of july independence day holiday in the us. it's america's birthday. for the 400000000 people who are us citizens. was it
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a birthday party that everyone felt invited to what brands? so many things in this country also the 4th of july was quite an invite at holiday . many people had barbecues, of course, and we're celebrating not just the 4th of july, but the evening of the coleridge restrictions actually, it seems as if the pandemic is over here. in the united states because we saw a large gatherings all around the country. and of course the traditional fi, your photo in washington dc presented by that and the 1st lady deal by and watched the fireworks from their balcony and had a huge dinner at the white house. but then brand. we also learned today that more than 180 people were killed in shootings across the us over the july holiday weekend. and this is about a published by the gun violence archive in toto. there were more than 540 shootings over the holiday weekend in chicago. in texas, in virginia and ohio,
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the shootings happened in large gatherings, a drunk people, and of course, the fact, but it's easy to access guns in certain parts of this country. those new americans in your story, the naturalized citizens, do they have a picture of their new homeland that varies fundamentally from the image. those born in the united states seem to share why the ones we talk to compare it to their own country of origin. we just saw in the report of vietnam food on an idea and comparing this countries to the us, they are short, they would feel a sense of freedom in the united states because of their countries have been read all the way up with corruption and crime. i don't think the perception of the united states varies that much between the new citizens and, and the ones we were talking to. and the once we're hearing the yes,
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this brings us, of course, to immigration reform, or the lack thereof. congress is tried for decades to fix the problems. it's failed every time president by and he called her immigration reform last weekend at the white house, but it is not on the horizon. why is that? i've been so many issues, friends and reforms. president biden is trying to initiate the main hard hold for him. is the republican majority in congress. the democrats only have a race or a majority in both chambers of congress and legislative measures like like immigration reform, for example, can only be passed by 2 thirds of the vote in the upper house. this means 60 votes in the senate, and this means, of course, the democrats have to lobby a lot and convince at least 10 republicans senators, to vote for a proposal that comes from the democratic part from the democratic party. and at the end, this can only happen if both sides agree to,
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to compromise. as we have seen, for example, during the infrastructure, the base, if they are also going to agree on an immigration reform is thoughtful by them. would have to give up, for example, of some aspects that republicans will not accept like the path to it isn't shaped for almost 11000000 undocumented immigrants. you know, every nation has a right to defend its borders, and it has the right to control who enters and leaves the country. and that's the fundamental right of a sovereign nation. is that given enough attention in the discussion about the immigration crisis at the border with mexico? that's a very interesting question. brandon, this is actually one of the main arguments from the republican side. of course, every country has that right? but the truth is that everything is also connected to political boundaries are not real boundaries, as we know. and this is perhaps something we can really learn from the pandemic. the virus will not stop at the u. s. boundary. for example. it will just trespass every control and what i want to point out with this is that the immigration
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problem is very complex. yes, the u. s. has the right to control its border, but it also has a duty to help people. and this is what initially, a president vital meant by talking about a more humane immigration policy. this is also what i'm going to america in germany promised in the year 2015. and indeed, these countries also can help to tackle the root causes. in this case, the director of seeking, for example, is the fraud and democracies like the one on doris. and the main market for these drugs are here in the united states and in europe as well. so these countries are not completely disconnected from the reasons that are forcing people to flee before we even want to ask you those naturalized american citizens in your report. they came to the united states and became citizens the legal way, if you will, do they feel that their years of, of patience and that they are stamina for all of the bureaucracy today. do they feel like that that is adequately acknowledged by the public?
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well i have the feeling that they don't really care about that they knew it wouldn't be a nice, nice, easy, and nice path to go in order to get the u. s. citizenship. and they were just celebrating that they are now american citizens. they didn't really have a problem with people knowing how difficult the past was and they were just proud, really proud and happy to be part of the country now. yeah, it was very, very good for the. so if you will to hear what they were were saying. curling it's more reporting tonight from washington coverline thinking now more on the british government plan to move asylum seekers to detention centers and arrest those who enter the country illegally. number 10 downing street says new legislation is necessary and it points to the growing numbers of his violence seekers arriving in the u. k. by boat. now that's despite
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a drop in the overall number of asylum seekers. here's how home secretary pretty could tell. describe the plan earlier this year. people are coming to the united kingdom, illegally things smoke on the line for the rest. would be awful. parents genies coming from site countries, which is france, italy, germany, belgium. people should be claimed the thought in those countries, if baffling, persecution, i'm not coming to the united kingdom. so it's imperative that all the countries and other countries and work with us to create faith and big into main trade where individuals are being smuggled that being facilitated, whether life being put at risk and that being subject to all sorts of retro the have to find people smoking this like to be not my next guest is michelle paste. she's an associate fellow at the your program at the british thinktank chatham house. she's also a professor of global studies in denmark,
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and that is where she joined me tonight. it's good to have you on the program. the overall figures of asylum seekers in the u. k is pretty low compared to other countries. just a few 1000 a year. is this new law? is it needed or is this about keeping a breaks? it promise? well, it's very difficult to understand a government strategy. the question we can ask is, today really thing that these proposals would work, or is this all about getting some short term publicity and who would be blamed if it doesn't work? and as we know pretty, pretty patella's already on the fire from the hard right over her failure to stop the cross channel votes. and if she is unable to offer an effective option processing system, then she will be left looking pretty weak. so if we look at the law, it says it was just announced it in published today. i lost her because i actually
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already know. so it isn't actually very new at all. and the sections in the bid that are new i likely to lead to a lot of uncertainty and to geisha. and so there will be a lot of work for lawyers. very bad news for asylum seekers. but also for do you have public heard? you talk about the new parts of this legislation and you're referring to these detention centers off short attention centers for asylum seekers. but i understand these are modeled on existing systems in denmark and australia. so is this proposed legislation? is it in compliance with international law? no, from a purely legal position. any policy that involves the expulsion of genuine asylum seekers will clearly violates the united nations 1951 refugee convention, which britain is of course a symmetrical so is it that is it that white and white the can they not
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say that these detention centers are off shore, but still within the jurisdiction of the u. k. which means they haven't kicked out the asylum seekers. well, the question is, if the detention center does come up and there isn't, i mean the, the danish memorandum understanding with rwanda from the london government's point of view, there is no agreement with mark about this processing. so the question remains, even if these off show centers are set up under which legislation will these claims beheld so who into the service of denmark and their, which all with these processes be conducted. and i tend to be answered well, when you're in denmark, does this, does this system work in denmark and can you see it working for the u. k?
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it is, it is not a system that is working in denmark. it is still just a member of understanding and as i said, there is no such agreement between denmark and one day, yet just simply a miranda of understanding and one's in foreign policy just issued a statement a few days ago to stipulate that there's no such agreements with denmark, to actually set up an auction and the one that took to process these, assign them applications. so i think from a legal point of view, these are very questionable, proposes and statements that are being made. not just by, of course, the danish government or other government seeking to emulate the english statement, not least, austria as well. so sorry. and i was just going to ask you, we heard pretty but to tell calling on european union countries to step up and work with the u. k. but isn't it the case that prior to breaks it, the u. k. had an agreement with you countries or returning migrants which became defunct when the u. k. left the u. that's correct. so under the
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w 3 regulation, which establishes which you repeat, nation is responsible for examining the final request. of course, do you pay was part of that before breaks it, but now this no longer apply this in the u. k. so any ideas that are outlined in this new bill and there have been similar ideas that have been put forward by previous u. k. governments, they have been purely rejected on legal, ethical, operational, financial and foreign policy grounds. so i'm sitting just which has proposed that will most probably meet the same fate. the british government repeatedly talks about taking back control of its borders. does it have more or less control since leaving the well, once we have seen since the 23rd of june and referendum is that of
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course, it's 5 years since. and now officially do pay is all tied to you. and most you not subject to it through however, i shouldn't that the post wrecks that you pay you relationship is still very much work in progress, as we have seen on the issue of no denial and for instance. so i would see that the role between britain and, and you will still re john over the terms of that relationship and what we have seen since january 2021 is the u. k. implementing what they call a new immigration policy. i've already seen that the result of this is that in several sectors that have been report of labor shortages, not least in return to sector. so i don't think that this bill will address the huge backlog of asylum application applications and claims that have been made to the u. k. and refugees will not stop coming to seek refuge in safe country. it's
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a very good point to make michelle pace from the british, the take chatham house, because we appreciate your time and your insights tonight. it's good to have you to help put this into context for us. thank you. you are the, the caretaker prime minister of lebanon says that his country is on the brink of collapse on d, is appealing to foreign donors to release a money saying, suffering in the country is reaching tragic proportions. the value of the liberties currency has dropped by 990 percent during the current crisis, and there are shortages of almost all basics. the world bank describes the economic crisis as one of the worst seen in the world since the 18 fifty's lebanon has been without a formal government for 11 months. a huge hurdle to help. because donors have made releasing aden funds to the government in beirut, conditional on the formation of a government. and i will ask you to, i appeal through you to the king's princes,
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presidents and leaders of brotherly and friendly countries. and i call upon the united nations and all international bodies, international community and global public opinion, what to help save the life of these from death, and prevent the demise of lebanon and further look out. lebanon is a few days away from social explosion. the job delivered ease of facing this dark fate alone with many your own you as your home and i work at home. heather murphy. muslim. alright, let's go now to our correspondent bonds already. he joins me from the liberties capital b route. good evening to you. what does the, the prime minister when he says it were a few days from social explosion? what does that actually mean? it means a lot. in fact, especially when we talk about the facts on the ground,
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we see that that is shortage in substances. main substances, goods, there is cues, many gas stations. the hospital is asking for these for the generators, the generators. some people are afraid that the next day they want to know how much the currency and look at currency will be against the, the as the others. as you mentioned before, the, the report that 99 percent or 99 percent of its value laws against the us and others. and according to the central bank governance, 74 percent of the different user economy is the price based on dollars. so when we talk about touch crisis that need more than 74 percent of the economy, and if it uses completely destroyed, i mean he's also warning that the health care system could also collapse. i mean, what are you hearing there on the ground to be the people people get sick and need to go to the doctor or the emergency room? is that still possible?
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yeah, because it's as possible right now. but the hospitals, doctors shopping load asking the government to act rapidly. they, they, they are talking about shortage in medical supplies. as mentioned before, the hospital afraid that the diesel or that is essential for the generative sensor that has power got more than 18 hours per day. so the, they, they count on the private generators which, which means that they need these and these is not, they're not, we can't hold it easily in the market. they go to the black market, which is very, very high prices. so they, they asked the government to act quickly if they lost the least generated that mean the people, the patient will lose their lives in the main, the, in the, in both of the world sees this and, you know, everyone asked why can't the political parties and lebanon, get their act together, and agree on forming a government. this is the most hard, this,
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the most sophisticated question and lebanon. why they can, everybody is asking why they can let me give you a small, brief event. we are talking about 30 years of political caught us with talking about political corruption multiple isn't everything related to these political rulers is based on corruption or most of it. they want to go to the institutions, i mean, constitution and institutions and live in all the one whenever they hired a please. this is based on their secretary and, and political influence. everything is related to the political parties. so right now the, all they're talking about for 2 ministers who is going to appoint these 2 ministers . they are the whole country is falling apart. it's a state, and now they are having a debate about who's going to minister out of $24.00. it's totally crazy. no, nobody can believe them what we believe that it's more the own interest and that's
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what the foreign ministers, european foreign ministers, the american u. s. talks about that these, these petitions are seeking for their own personal interest instead of the, the newspaper. and that is the biggest tragedy in all of this, for sure, we've got about 20 minutes. now let me ask you what, what tip lebanon the into this depression? was it the cobra, 1900 crisis? is it last year's explosion in the port in bay root, and how close would you say is lebanon now to becoming a failed state? it is on the edge. it's not because of the battle explosion lost here, or because of the come in 1900 a couple of years ago. as i said, again, it's because of 30 years of corruption. when we talk about corruption, which we will talk about, many branches come out of it, social economy, financial,
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political, everything related to this call option. so basically, all many experts and officials, they were talking they, they said that they could do it concerned that lebanon was at each such safe, many years ago. and they asked many, many times again. and again, the news political orders to change to, to do some reforms. and by the way, this was the international committee asking for, for, basically for on to now the fresh initiative is about log into launch a need. i go about a month ago when we did it witnessed a single reform. yes. it's for the w buckle of really with the leaves tonight. so tragic developments there in beirut. bustle, thank you. thank you. well, the day is almost done. the conversation continues online. you're playing us on twitter either at the w news. you can call me at brent golf tv, and remember whatever happens between now and then, tomorrow is another day. we'll see you then, if ah,
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the the news, the news, the news the fight against the corona virus pandemic. how has the rate of infection in developing? what does the latest research say? information and contact the corona virus because the 19 special next on d, w. i there is
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a baby boom in the next step and it's the psych angelo for critically endangered after falling victim to a mysterious epidemic. and while the population is recovering, this species is still in danger. 3060 minutes on w. w. crime fighters, the car back effort goes mostly this boom, radio drama continues the seasons. the stories focus on hate speech, cholera, prevention and sustainable charcoal production. all episodes are available online. and of course you can share and discuss on d, w, africa's facebook page, and other social media platforms. crime fighters to noon. now
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are you ready to get all these places in europe are smashing all the record stuff into a venture. just don't lose your grip. the treasure map for modern globe trotter's. go for some of your workers breaking you to know also in book form the finally back in the middle of the action. football fans from across europe are coming together. the beer is flowing and all of it is happening without face masks as if nothing ever happened. we are worried about the delta vary and.


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