Skip to main content

tv   Chinas Gateway to Europe  Deutsche Welle  July 2, 2021 11:15am-12:00pm CEST

11:15 am
are watching data, but the news is a reminder of the top story with the following. for you, us, defense officials say all american soldiers and members of nato forces have left the bag from the military base. and i've got to found, i've been with the main international air base during the 20 emissions that is now coming to an end watching data when you need to know around doc film series, how to else's will bring you the headlines next hour. i'm rebecca, was involved and thanks very much for joining us. news. the goal was right in front of it. then suddenly, we agreed to postpone the or didn't the games that tokyo with 2020. from. of course, during the qualifying round, these for sports heroes. countdown during lockdown starts july 19th
11:16 am
on d, w. the the it's china's mega project. the new silk wrote a trade network between china and the rest of the world could turn the old world
11:17 am
order on its head. changing jobs from the jungle. gym of china is investing in bridges, forts, railway tracks, and roads around the globe. over 70 nations are already part of the new silk road. europe sees the chinese as welcome investors. the ports of paris has been under chinese ownership for several years. and the chinese are now also showing interest in tree. yes. in italy, natalia and greater importance for china, the center of the mediterranean, the kinds of africa, and just take your point for the world, the you fish or the chinese when i give you re is the emeralds of the
11:18 am
mediterranean milan. must you. critics warn that china is using the new silk road to cement its power around the world and divide europe when you make it and he cannot make agreement with the country that doesn't respect the human rights. you are dealing with human rights because it means that you don't care much me. yes. the corona virus pandemic has brought life in grotto, a resort in north eastern italy to a virtual standstill. but even though few people visit his beach bar, ricardo ron key also is still glad to be back at work. he and his family were the 1st people in the resort to be infected with cove at 19 principal sounds like
11:19 am
a symbol. we felt like lepers, when they say it's a small community on a particular community. and within summer it's a well known resource. you see what we locals are all alone on the island in winter, and then he is actually sort of course on an island. everyone knows everyone else and he needs that's why it was such a serious issue for me at 1st having an illness when nobody knew what it would bring it to the den. and we can see something about cars passing but help coming in from china gave ricardo and his family feeling that they weren't alone. shyness and 31 tons of urgently needed equipment, ventilation machines, personal protective clothing, masks, and medication. and also medical staff. soft power from china, some called it the silk road of help. me me. so cindy thought physically felt more safe because china came to help us. you
11:20 am
told me look when, if someone is already faced the same problems before you. ok. and found solution, you know, maybe haven't. yeah, it does give you a feeling of security and sort of cynic, i don't want to shift the mental to luck with questions. so the, because you see these problem building and you don't know how to solve a new cycle, many started on the china as the savior in times of need. whether it was politically motivated or not. the symbolism worked for ricardo and his family in the early stages of the pandemic, no help was forthcoming from the european union. the we saw when we saw china that really experienced the catastrophe in the beginning. the pandemic in china was really devastating in the beginning. so course on what they offer to help us with that it shows so they were
11:21 am
prepared. i don't know that there are power some of the most time they're afraid of nothing and nobody can remember what i mean. so not me me 3 is greece is most important port. it's been owned by the chinese since 2016. china started investing in the port after the 2008 financial crisis and has made it an economic success. over the last 12 years, cargo handling has increased tenfold. the dock workers here on here one were here before the chinese arrived and saw the changes 1st hand round. it's an honest job and with it i'd manage to feed my family. i'm satisfied with
11:22 am
your topic has been working at the port since 2005 like everyone else here. he demonstrated against the take over the court by the chinese state company, costco, amazon, and everything has been a mess since the privatization and it will get more than ever since the investor got involved here and is only interested in profit and nothing else in our situation has changed before the port was privatized, our work was much better and easier. we worked in fixed groups back, always as a team of to. now we don't have enough people now, so that's no longer possible. now we're forced to do the work up to man that one shift in 6 was cancelled. new jobs were created, but hardly any of them offered the same social protection. the workers previously
11:23 am
had these proud greek dock workers now working at fort which is no longer their own gothic and we must say, we think it was a strategic mistake to privatize the biggest important in the country. for us. grief is a country with a huge number of violating ports are essential, not only economically envisioned, but social rollers pinnacle. i mean, they keep people connected is really voice. i miss, you know, she had to be if it was greece was forced to privatize the port as part of you demands to tackle the greek debt crisis. your job goes and his men still blame germany and the you for it. go, goes, is now trying to save what he can and is fighting to protect his people's rights. a lot of the most the best man at my wedding gotta stay pension one of them in
11:24 am
yes, because they calculated how long you had worked for the port when it was still state own. so what will happen to us now? the longest serving workers, so not our rank, you know, i'm telling you my best man gotta stay pension. what will happen when everything already retired, right. know it won't be like that at all. but go, goes, union no longer represents all the dock with this. so it's hard for him and his men to fight against the threats of outsourcing, or temporary contracts with a little portion of the portion that i don't know how much longer we can keep this working model with permanent staff and dignified work and job security and garcia we request an interview with the ports, chinese managers, but it's the greek press officer who explains to us why. perez is so important for
11:25 am
china's new self road report. the photos is a furnace to lads, european force after the crossing of sun. and this is a very important for the shipping companies in order to really the port and then to use it as it received my hub. so they're very loud, it's vessels. the mother version says we call them starting their route from east asia to where it's really the part of spite a live here, the kind of go, whatever it these containers show cars. and then as smaller vessels, we call them free. the rest of the day that got to go and read the beauty so many other ports automated iranian black, seen the dock workers are skeptical only 70 to 80 percent of the containers are trans shipped,
11:26 am
which won't create any new jobs for the money on the profits stay with the owner of the port. the chinese state company, costco. none of it goes to the greeks gather the number for the fact that shade to i think it's all about the expansion of chinese capitalism. could either say he, the chinese has a lot of money and this is this way of landing and asserting and status position in the world just to be shipped to. so by me we're using china is a world power. i mean, you can't overlook that or be in the different that is not the not, not the photo me
11:27 am
me if you walk in the streets in italy and then you walk in the streets in shanghai, you don't need to do any analysis to understand why can grow at the 0 percent like here and why some other countries grow? it's 8 percent as you did in the past, the china you just immediately. and i've been weaknesses in years over really important social and economic changes under my eyes. i've come back to europe and i don't see any changes. next time i go to shanghai after a few months. i will look at the underground map because it would be new lies. keller, good archie, is known as mister china. now, after working as an investment banker and spending 10 years in shanghai as a professor of economics,
11:28 am
he became under secretary of state and italy's ministry of economic development and negotiate silk road deal with china. he used to commute constantly between china and italy, but now the corona virus has forced him to do business with the chinese via video calls. why is why when he's always is usually. i hope so too. i'm sicilian. i'm pinning my hopes on china. that the cooperation with china will help the tourist industry to grow in sicily and doing really good cecily de negotiating last year we had president choosing ping here alive. really wants to see more chinese tourism. and the chinese are very curious about italy because how t grouchy no longer holds political office. the government, he was part of only lasted for 15 months. but the letter of intent that he negotiated with china is still valid. when i came in,
11:29 am
i took on these projects and actually delivered so accelerated the processor made the final agreements with the chinese county parser and we implemented them. we find these and i do think that this is the base to economic opportunity to italy has to cooperate with china doing business together. this deal with china alarmed to europe, italy is after all, one of the use founding members as well as part of nato. many saw the signing of this contract as a break with the old alliances the logic of the italian government back then was purely economic. they said everyone else was doing business with china to, even if they had no official agreement. there is absolutely no contradiction. a no conflict that we do of strategy. if someone worries about the fact that the
11:30 am
china investor then the us to give them back something, china has invested in germany, holland, belgium, france, spain malta, a stumble in greece and u. k. all port in europe have chinese honestly german city because it's i know with just and author lived in china for 6 years and observed the events around the new silk road development with a critical fine she thinks the italian government was trying to create an economic advantage for itself, but under estimated the plans political dimensions for the recall she had knowledge men of this political project by a member of the g 7 had a great propaganda value. also in china itself on k program, the sticker and that, and for the new silk really quite clearly in, on the project and like the projects in his, in china and to the usa. it's no charities. they are doing their own income. and if
11:31 am
you change them and it's obvious that china is trying to gain a global foothold through key infrastructure investment such as port yes. in the north east of italy could also become an important logistical center for the chinese francesco, part easy as a businessman, who's currently planning to bring a new investor on board to build a 2nd container terminal entry asked estimate of the minimum investment necessary to further expand to have a reasonable container,
11:32 am
terminal is $300.00 mean on the order we are ready to discuss with other parties. if they have any interest to further develop it, anything that you that we have been discussing for a long time with that chinese interest. the 43 s a set to expand further until now it has only handled 790000 container ships a year by comparison, whereas handles 6 times as much cargo. francesco parties, bird has been involved in the transportation business in europe and the rest of the world for almost 200 years along with his son. he's the 8th generation to run the business. the company has survived 2 world wars, but today's challenges are just as great. and now you need the roots to asia to stay competitive. he says, it is not that we are giving preference to chinese business. rather than
11:33 am
other reality is that china has grown and, and is the trading partner and number one in the world. and if we are involved in logistic which is connected to international trading, you cannot simply close your eyes in front of what has developed. you try to participate. so this is the simple answer. how easy and his son had invested in china themselves and make 2 thirds of their turnover with asian customers. in spite of their old european traditions, they have long become a part of the new chinese silk road. europe is not anymore. the center of the word is not no time, so we have to take up to reduce where they are rise and, and where we find and specially where we find people who are willing to share the same values. that not only make money,
11:34 am
but we have that with some values, very part of the tree. and the problem for the port of tree is that trina could be an opportunity off because china payments to make investments, of course, and italy needs then anthony thought and buy the car more to belong to the investor . maintain the same time because we have to be very careful when we make any deal with china. the, the color, the color chain, upper economy power is vast. teen multiple ones can be overwhelm. i will committee for the bus gets out of the me trust check is waiting for visitors from china. a busy
11:35 am
year for that. let's see. do holidays july. i'm like a bridge between 2 countries and between 2 people. and i'm going to going to going to konami's next. edwin, i have $42.00 small chinese really want to come degrees because they want to learn a lot about the culture of each in greece. the mythology in history and body, seen edgy. now i've got a pretty small whole, that's why they love greece. so much to the 2 countries are similar. they both have a lot of history. has already, i kina, can i entity due to the roots of the eastern world or in china? these are the roots of the western world, or increase what it is long before the corona virus hit, it was always busy. around the foot of the acropolis, chang had groups every day. the number of chinese tourists in greece had been growing rapidly and some 800000 were expected this year. now because of the corona virus pandemic, the stream has dried up completely. tourism is an integral factor in the new
11:36 am
chinese silk road. petros chang says, tourists from china bring money and often become long term investors room. it could be that the sale, but you have to go on your own. first, we have to wait until the corona virus is over. and as i bought it then greece will need capital and china has capital. you can engine edwin, there are sure you cannot sign it for chinese state really has a lot of money and it wants to invest in green. got all the china has come to greece as a friend via the, not the way the west colonized asia or africa in the past. he said, you know, i mean biggest, and i see the chinese approaches then we here and that a, that we invested, you know, and it's a win win situation for us both. she's not going to want to get me. the real estate lobby is profiting from the deal with the chinese more than most other sectors to
11:37 am
attract for and money. the greek government started issuing so called golden visa in 2013. so well, this is the apartment on the 5th floor. welcome to this lovely apartment in the heart of downtown athens. it's surrounded by some of the best areas in athens. it used to be with 2 bedrooms, and now we are fixing the another, a 3rd bedroom line and extra bathrooms. this is the living room, nice spacious furnace. there are 3 bedrooms, like this will be more proud to call us for your phone, me or even if it's not of your family, that doesn't office space. the kitchen is fully equipped and we are going to have the kitchen here with a small island and the very will be. and next phase they can use the way they want
11:38 am
. here i'm going to show you the balcony. it comes with a balcony and has a lovely view of enjoy your 1st cup of coffee of the day. you can have barbecue, here. you can. it's like the place is really big and making get all the space and song and welcoming you with the not the most money for them. okay. greece has issued 6000 golden visas to the chinese and the last 5 years and sold a lot of property to golden visa changed the real estate in grace tyneesa came in grades. they were the 1st foreign investors. they left their money here that they paid for the property because after the creek financial crisis, after it started 2008, i can say, but the 2010 because we told no one was buying like all the properties were falling
11:39 am
down. most of the chinese owners don't want to appear in front of the camera. some have come to europe for political reasons. others are cautious towards the media. it's an open secret that money laundering and corruption are also an issue. the e u has sharply criticized the program. the clients that we have are usually from the rapidly merging chinese middle class. they come here because they want to secure a future. in europe, they want, they give their children the opportunity to live here. they want to give themselves the up or unity to retire. here. a lawyer in athens puts us in touch with a client from shanghai who is in the middle of a legal dispute over her flat in athens. her whole family laboriously
11:40 am
saved up for the $290000.00 euro apartment investment in greece and freedom of travel within the entire thing. an area for the whole family sounds attractive, even in times of the corona virus. and then another i like the greek, whether in last greece is a country with a long history. with this visa, i can buy a piece to his last star. there are a lot of chinese making this investment, including in my circle of friends. golden visas remain in high demand. though the corona virus pandemic has damp and the real estate market with significantly fewer visas issued due to travel restrictions and a temporary suspension of the residence by investment program. unlimited travel and a globalized world where you can commute between shanghai in athens, have been put on hold. but the estate agents don't think it's bells the end of this
11:41 am
lucrative market. i think that after the recovery that we are expecting soon, the chinese clients are going to come here and keep buying properties like they did before. and as, as you said, the chinese middle class is rapidly expanding. so i don't see any reason why this may stop in and increasingly globalized world. the fish market in athens is still bucking the trends and dealing mainly and locally caught produce the most goods come to europe from asia through the suez canal. he,
11:42 am
you citizens profit enormously from cheap chinese imports, but a sudden shortage of personal protective equipment during the corona virus pandemic has highlighted europe's dependence on age and influence. less, you know, to start that fabric of the work than of the world. forgot the most. we used to do that, you get good, cheaply and chinese workers. but i thought, i know i actually was doing that on the chinese when learning from us, from them and starting to do it. they have overtaken us in many areas of technology that up and down because and that's just how china's new silk grove got going. investments in ports, bridges, or roads all serve to bring goods to customers that you with is still the use most important trading partner. but trade with china has tripled
11:43 am
in the last 20 years in china has been investing in the board to raise since 2008 and became the majority shareholder there in 2016. it's the perfect gateway to europe. over the last few years, the chinese have turned perez into the biggest port in the mediterranean and they're planning to make it the biggest port in europe, pledging $600000000.00 euros of additional investments in the next few years. your music i was born and raised in prayer for you. i love him of amendment. i have felt connected with the sea and since i was small
11:44 am
before me, this place will be on now. it's important to us medical meadows, not only for its charm and atmosphere now it deserves to be only men, but because it's a part with open access to the c particle and expose the family. and because it was managed to keep it that way, the status. okay. yeah, the most. yeah. tracy honest darzy, a francis cocky believes that the old port area belongs to the cities residence and has long been campaigning to get them access to it again. she's the left wing, threes of parties, maritime policy spokeswoman. that is skeptical about the chinese commitment. she believes massive investments by beijing would also have political consequences for her country. about that to some of the constant. 20 is do not depend on the
11:45 am
government that is in power and accept them at the same speed. make sure. yep, i'll bring him a sample. when the e, you wanted to pass certain resolutions regarding china's expansion in the south china sea. we had a left wing government here that had its doubts about us and see your best bet. escape spun, especially if we must. e. u member greece broker, political taboo by signing with the chinese. grease has also been silent about aging actions in hong kong. money, francis cocky says, makes you dependent. she's particularly worried about the use divisions over china . the realization that europe has to speak to china with one voice is slowly gaining ground. i mean, if you're not yet reached a consensus, somehow, it was
11:46 am
a deal with china. what it's added to more that china is making yes, a fee on europe has no clear analysis. chandra is going to behave from western country and it's doing particular economic policies to europe no longer has the tunes that china has namely of days and enterprise. and china is clearly using these to be the career crisis has highlighted, europe's lack of cohesion. even italians like ricardo rookie also felt china exploited the divisions by sending aid to italy. europe eventually came up with investment programs, but small businesses like ricardo's felt. this help came to lead
11:47 am
kitchen for say what i need the me to be one. i would have really liked to have seen a united europe is everyone had predicted a strong union with fund a mental coordination. was something called the mental and i would have liked to have seen those with more opportunities to help the other. a true europe, you know, the manual k. what in the end, it didn't work out that way. animals, everyone close their voters and said, because it was your own dirty laundry at home. funny sparkling, i'm not willing to say really showed us that we can't talk about a single year. so the most that i took it from them into the main thing was push them up a lot to deal with. anyone who comes to tour yes, can still experienced the charm of the old hapsburg monarchy. 100 years ago. the port city was a trading hub to eastern europe. the iron curtain interrupted the links for decades
11:48 am
. now the city wants to return to its former glory and is hoping the chinese will help it when the silk road agreement was signed. in march 2019 tree asked was that the center of attention northern italy was slated to become a major transshipment center for chinese export. and then on to augustine, who is head of the port authority. thanks china's interest and true. yes. is proof of its growing significance vc, vc, europe is growing a lot old base nations are very easily accessible by, by the part of the, as they saw. you know, i think it is very simple. if you look at a map, you see that the school bus fruit and you go to hungary to germany,
11:49 am
to say you arrive foster of on busing. from the nova arrange bought the city is investing even more in its rail network than in the port itself. built over 100 years ago. it's direct links to eastern europe are still there. they just have to be upgraded. but it's also at pains to emphasize that although it welcomes investments from china, it has no intention of selling off the fort, lock, stock, and barrel. what was 3 years ago, 2 years ago, only a problem, a matter of transport became a geopolitical issue. now, if you set the port authority, you say ok, this part of a territory is no more my territory and this was done in increasing. this is not what is happening here. below here is the port authority of president is italian. i am directly governed by my minister. so you know,
11:50 am
we don't sell and we will not be strategic part of report. the port city on the adria attic see, has suddenly found itself in the midst of a global trade war. every investment, the chinese make in europe, angers the u. s. and exacerbates the standoff between the us and china. francesco perisi has decided on a partner to help tree s to expand not china, but a european investor. the point of hamburg, he stresses that this is a purely economic calculation. but he doesn't deny that political factors also played a role. are easy, remembers the cold war and it's worried about any new confrontation. this control the patient chic way sion, in that it was another cold war method of concern for me, person. and for my business in general, for me in general,
11:51 am
also as a, as a citizen of the european union, we can see that international trade for sure. bridge. we can see that to be helpful to keep and maintain peace. the debate about the rules europe will play and the trade war between the u. s. and china is nothing new and is not limited to the economy. you don't get you. i hope to some european leadership because if not, europe risks becoming for joining us, saying that instead of can be the 3rd key player in the global arena. i hope that's what europe decides to do when you're spoken that you're going to fall. politicians and rome are also gradually turning against china. human rights violations haven't been
11:52 am
a reason to cut down on business so far. but worldwide criticism is growing. these 3 members of parliament are part of a cross party alliance on china. they want to see a tougher stance towards bay jane. when you make any cannot make agreement with a country that doesn't respect the human rights. you are dealing with human rights because it means that you don't care much. we need your appeal to me to div and not single country. so europe is already too small to have a real relationship with china all together. but one single county, we can't have a strong relationship with china. that's sure. so if you go in that interaction alone, italy,
11:53 am
it's sure that you will lose that relationship. so i believe that is the most important mistake. above and beyond party politics be the left wing, centrist, or conservative. what unites these politicians is the worry that europe is not speaking to china with one voice because china is focusing on us. so we want to focus on china because china has a very strong agenda with using any kind of energy and signer g to expand its influence over all the countries of the western world. and therefore, we must have an agenda to what is the kind of investment that you can have all the kind of trade, authentic operation because we, the country which is the same way prevents any sort of corporation.
11:54 am
even now, when we're talking, china is totally obscure and is the country of censorship, about the real origin, nature, and consequences of it. and europe is now coming to realize that china is no longer a purely economic power, but also a political one. meanwhile, the dock workers union in paris has come to terms with its new chinese bosses and is trying to negotiate workers' rights as best it can in the media with other staff over the last 10 years. the, our experience with the chinese has been that they always negotiate as hard as they can and demand as much freedom possible. but if you set your limit and if they come up against strong structures, like i said, for a trade union, then they respect. so they accept on limits of us in the ford to race will remain
11:55 am
under chinese control until 2052 when the least although it could of course, be extended me the bought up. i think china already has enormous influence, and i don't think it needs any more than just like i said, citizen teresa, i would like to return to something returned to greece again after the trans 3rd party youth has expired. the 2019 agreement between italy and china has caused a lot of fun. but now there are other investors who are pushing ahead with the development of the ports of tree. yes, many entrepreneurs however, have other worries. right? now, we will have to see what probably the impact will be on the world trade because this is still something, no one has a clue about. so for now, italy is still part of the silk road. even though no chinese money has flowed into
11:56 am
3, yes, so far i always say why we didn't began that part of the way. she's cool over back to the initiative. what it is, the opposite. they accept our b of development as some of our places on the maritime stake road. but they needed an idea of development. natalie, money. every chinese arrived with france and ideas. we have our ideas. we know what that can be. meanwhile, the chemical ratchet, the man who engineered the deal in the 1st place, believes that the fear of china is totally exaggerated and could have disastrous consequences or italy. my forecasts because of your politics misunderstanding. i think the likely scenario that i have now is that to italy, as slows down on the corporation with asia flows down on the corporation with china
11:57 am
slows down on the development of technology lows down on the development of infrastructure for tomorrow. the way these, which are all the things that we need, that we do not to do by ourselves. and so, italy will fall back into the middle a chain project thought the program marcelina has pre programmed to proceed to political economic projects and all that she's paying is ready thinking about 2049 and china is doing exactly what they wanted to do. a lot of pay is now they have the most economic power in the world to natural for them to have a voice in the world. they are clearly saying when we tune what influenced the world, what can i do for them on the the
11:58 am
the to the point strong, clear positions, international perspective. on the one hand, there's inclusion and pride on the exclusion hatred and violence issues surrounding the l. g. b. t q, community on the political agenda. so local civil and how can we create of divers
11:59 am
future? find out on to the point to the point on d w. how they view of the world where i come from. that's all that glitters the go. just like with chinese, put that measure where i am all with your minds me after the case of living in germany, kenya's food is one of the things i miss the lows, but they're taking a step back. i see things differently. now, men of course, 1st as regulation that exist as a part of the world having been implemented in china. and lots of chinese people wondering if their food is saved. but if people have a ride to learn is this is the job. and it's how i see it, and this is why i left my job because i tried to do exactly this every day.
12:00 pm
my name is adding to and i work at the w ah ah, this is the w news live from berlin. it's the end of an era. the last u. s. a. nato troops leave their main ad based and gone. his background is left empty after a 20 year mission against the taliban. and hotline is the comes to close. also coming up with the indian health official found the alarm over a new coven.

17 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on