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tv   Das Humboldt Forum  Deutsche Welle  July 1, 2021 4:00am-4:45am CEST

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not these 4 sports heroes. actually it was a lap in the face, but now we just have to fight their mobilizing superpowers. i'm fired up and ready. cow down during walk down the go to tokyo, georgia july dw, the me ah, this is due to be news, and these are our top story. us comedian bill cosby has been released from prison after pennsylvania supreme court overturned his sexual assault conviction. the court ruled that a prior agreement with a prosecutor barred cosby from being charged a comedian was convicted and jailed in 2018 for drugging and sexually assaulting a woman out of the state. the last german troops stationed in afghanistan have arrived home the latest step in the faith international withdrawal
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. the military mission has been germany's most expensive and its post war history. more than 150000 german soldiers served and gaston over 2 decades. the operation cost the lives of $5900.00 veterans. the former us defense secretary donald rumsfeld, has died at the age of $88.00. he served twice in the most under president gerald ford and george w bush from feld oversaw the 2003 us invasion of iraq. you remained unapologetic about the war insisting that toppling saddam hussein created a quote more stable and secure world data. news from berlin, there is a lot more on our website that is d w dot com. mm. oh. the german military's deadliest mission since 1945,
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came to an end late on tuesday night. when the last bonus fair soldiers in afghanistan started their journey home. the last us troops are expected to withdraw later this week. and what will they leave behind? almost 20 years ago f ganna stan became the front line in the us and nato's war against terror. now the top us general in the country warning the fighting may not be over that soon. it will be the tele bond against afghan troops, and yet another war, a civil war. i'm br golf in berlin. this is the day the, the the security situation is not good right now. it's what we're seeing is the rapid loss of our district centers. what we want to see, what we'd like to see is the taliban return to the peace process in a, in a credible way. as we think about what, what the people want. it is a,
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a political settlement that brings piece good afternoon, this mission accomplished the you have fulfilled your assignment. the also coming up trying as communist party is telling its achievements on it's $100.00 birthday tonight we look at how being a celebrating an attempt that self reflection that becomes an exercise in self delusion. allison, but they paint the picture of an ascending global power whose rise is inevitable. it is the kind of fanatic nationalism that the world saw 100 years ago. the communist party is completely incapable of interest and to reflect on itself, he's fastened only to our view, some p b. s in the united states into all of you around the world. welcome. we begin the
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day leaving afghan stan asking did we do what we came to do last night? the final german troops, station id, f, d n, a stand left the country. later this week, the withdrawal of us troops is expected to be completed, ending a mission that began almost 2 decades ago, a mission that became america's longest war. it was the 911 terror attacks in the us in 2001 that prompted the us lead mission in afghanistan. the target the tale by which control f. n a stand at the time and had given the $911.00 terrorist replaced the plot, their attacks, 2 trillion dollars later and countless casualties among african civilians and alliance forces. can anyone claim mission accomplished as the withdrawal ends? the taliban is reclaiming territory quickly. the top us general predicted a civil war could run within months, and that could spell doom for the fragile progress that was achieved under the protective umbrella of an alliance. that is now going home. for peter,
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she dick afghan, as dan is a home away from home for more than 30 years, he and his wife and marie have been aid workers. they're teaching children how to read and write and do math. both are disappointed with the international communities achievements, events. it's in 1000000000 reconstruction, should have begun straight up level fungus and they should have put an administration in place and kept a close eye on what they did with all the funding. none of that was checked, they just kept throwing money at it. and when things didn't work out, they just threw more from this board nonsense and closed clubs and my phone was not official. isn't this? should it say children still don't learn enough at school? partly because international partners made mistakes on an organizational level to the home for you. good ball. they built
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a lot so they built lots of schools that no one cared what was happening inside them without the it was all very rudimentary punched. i did despite debate about whether the intervention of the international community was worthwhile. there have been marked improvements, especially in education unesco, say the number of kids enrolling in schools has risen clearly. but the education gap between rural and urban areas remains would be that there has been considerable progress at primary school level. it's estimated that half of all afghans can now read and write. and that was different 20 years ago. once again, the same goes for educating girls in the 1900 ninety's under the taliban, they got no education at all. when women were completely oppressed under the taliban, their situation remains precarious, but they have gained some rights. they can vote, joined political movements and go into business. but state level corruption remains
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endemic. transparency, international ranks afghanistan as one of the world, most corrupt countries. one reason why aid money doesn't always reach its intended destination and then we have to acknowledge that the international community was not capable of laying down rules on how the money was to be spent. often if you give the income never got around to introducing good governance or tackling corruption, you think you will to i to few and when him overcome joints mckesson the security situation remains dramatic. now the taliban is pushing to get back into power. already has, has the country under his control dance. why anna marie and peters
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critic expect the situation in afghanistan to stay just as it's always been extremely unstable of the we're say. so i don't see any long term piece as side unless the government reconciled with the taliban and trying to get the country sorted out itself. and learned that of offers often on sibling. still a couple planned to go back again soon. they say the people need their help. now more than ever. my 1st guess tonight is dr. eleanor, so i know the country director for if in a stand, if the german think tank. be conrad, i know or foundation. she joins me from here in berlin. it's good to have you on the day i want to start by getting your opinion on this. we've been hearing all day from the german military that this was a mission accomplished in afghanistan. do you agree? well, i think we don't have accomplished all of our goals and expectations and we have
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stayed below expectations in many points. and we just heard about we don't have security for the off guns in the country. we don't have basic infrastructure in carbon. we have only a few hours of water and electricity a day, and corruption piping has not been successful. in many points, we have not accomplished. i understand that you are planning to return to cobble in july. does that trip now take on more risks and dangerous for you personally? now that us and nato forces have withdrawn? yes, of course it takes more risk and also it's completely unpredictable about the next weeks and months at what we will see. and my security setup, of course, is much more safer than many outcomes, have been combo or enough honest on. but it's unpredictable for all of us and we don't know under what risk and under what conditions i will return to cobbling.
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what do you say when you're back in cobble? if afghans come up to you and say, germany, the u. s. have abandoned us. what's your response? well, i say to them that i have always said to me to my off gone partners and networks. i have always said you don't have to wait, you cannot wait for an external savior and an african solution. a peaceful solution can only come from inside from the guns themselves, and i can only call on the international community also to place confidence in the off guns that they can reach a peaceful temperament. but of course, there is no guarantee of success in what's your feeling from the africans that you talk with in the country? i mean, is there any possibility that a peaceful resolution can be found with the tale bond? well currently the mood is really shifting and people become much more pessimistic
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and i can really feel attention growing day by day and also the anxieties increasing day by day. and the problem is not only to tale bon, that many groups in the country and many conflict parties to the conflict. and this is the difficult task of getting a negotiated settlement, where all of the interest the different interests are kind of represented and also balance. and so i think that's how the bond, yes, they are now that dominating force, but there are many groups. and now we see in rearming of malicious in the country what i find quite a wording. and that has to really spell doom for the future of women's rights in the country or does it? yes it's of course it's women's rights. it's human rights. it's all to the freedom of media, the freedom of trans, the feed, freedom of expression. so i see, particularly when we, when we talk about women rights and education, i see more of the danger to and if lemons ation off at the location of the public
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life of public media. and this is the main threat that i see if we have a government in the future with a tale, bon, illinois, one from the conrad out in our foundation doctors. and we appreciate your time tonight. we wish you all the best on your upcoming, just to call me and say thank you. well, the architect of the us invasion of afghanistan and iraq, former defense secretary donald rumsfeld, has died to the age of $88.00 rumsfeld's or twice as tender gone chief on the president's job board and george w bush. but it was his 2nd time in the role that turned him into a controversial figure as he shape the u. s. war on terror in the wake of 911 to the very end rumsfeld, if you never admitted making any mistakes. ah, ask anyone around the world what image they immediately associate with modern de
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china and if they're old enough, many will point to this 11989. stand off on t m and square one man, demanding democracy against one tank and one party. the chinese communist party. well, we know what happened here. a massacre that snuffed out any hope of revolution. but inside china, these images, this history they've been erased will out of existence by the communist party. this week, china's communist party is marking. it's 100 anniversary with nationwide celebrations . festivities and fanfare all approved for public consumption by beijing. of the parties. origins go back to 1921. a secret meeting of 53 people in a home in shanghai, in 1949. following a civil war party leader, mel's a dong sees power in china and he oversaw decades of war, famine and repression,
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and exerted a monopoly over both state and society. and delete 970 s. china began opening up for business and decades of unprecedented economic growth followed today. china is the world's 2nd biggest economy and achievement. that president, she's been paying is touting among many others. but in china, what is fact? and what is fiction? today, tourist bowed supply this lake, but 100 years ago it was a small group of marx's to sort out. this is alex, but they had convened in shanghai, but the fear of spies. so then move their meeting to boat on non who lake 100 kilometers south of the city. he is where they found that the communist party today non who receives visitors from all over china. that meant that it is the communist party that stands for and has brought us the good life we have today was to take our house on for month. the
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government has built an impressive museum on the shore visitors. i told the story of a party that has tirelessly fought with every nation of the chinese nation. but during the cultural revolution, millions where you really aged and killed or there was mouth, great come in with tens of millions of victims by an erroneous collectivist ation policy. those pictures are absent from the exhibition of course, in the development of a party like ours achievements in their problems. but overall our party has maintained the right course and has made great efforts. so in our exhibition, we focus on this big trend on what really matters not everyone sees the trend in the same way, which young is one of the few critics who still dare to speak out. he compares the
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parties confidence to germany and japan before world war to hamilton, but they paint a picture of an ascending global power whose rise is inevitable. it is the kind of fanatic nationalism that the world saw 100 years ago. the communist party is completely incapable of interest and to reflect on itself, fascinatingly, all over the country historic party locations are turning into pilgrimage sites. here in shanghai, the party found is convene before fleeing to the lake party cells from all over china, happy organizing, visits to the site. the exhibition has received a complete make over with a prominent role for president seeds in p. here to party history is a carefully engineer, narrative. to jazz is tori and at the party history institute,
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which is supervised by the center committee. there are materials we can not publish . this has to do with opposition. research or communication have to the party, the people that is our standpoint of lindy's. paging is pulling out all the stops to celebrate the centennial of the chinese communist party. but it's a party that remains the extremely tight control. my 2nd guess tonight grew up during chinese cultural revolution. today she lives in the us and runs china. change a website covering the stories that don't make it past the sensors shining a light on human rights abuses in china. ja chalet tell joins me now. it's good to have you on the program. trying to communist party is turning a 100 years old. it has ruined the country for over 70 years. it outlived the soviet union. what is the secret to success?
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pipe control. so the 1st 30 years, i've heard the program before me, it was the disastrous right? so the, the opening up and the reform is really a half hearted. there are things they wanted to open up and reform to take advantage of the rest of the world to market in technology and the world. welcome to china, but they're all parked depth. china does not. the communist party has never meant to to reform open up to answer your question. the secrets are really, it's very simple. anyone who travel up in china in late seventy's or, or throughout the eighty's you,
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you saw china what china was like. everybody was suppressed down. you know, half of fix the place to work fixed place to live, half a level of freedom to just travel or money to do so. but after the reform and the opening up, it's like, oh, i like to get a metal for like a curfew. that's the cur. previously the curfew was set to after 3 pm, 3 pm during the day, and now the curfew is lifted up to midnight. so people did enjoy freedom to some extent, but they or another matter for like a cage, the cage was very, very small. everybody was stuff there can't move. now the cage is rather, it's somewhat to big. and people there are many people are chinese inside china
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or so. brainwashed. they forgot that they are. there is okay. well now you know the success. yes. so let me just ask you, yeah, let me just ask you the, the chinese people, they have experience, unprecedented economic growth in the last decades. many people now are wealthy, you've got a big middle class and it's growing. have they allow themselves to be almost to be bought by the communist party. we give up our right to rule ourselves in exchange for material goods that the rest of the world has. well, the middle class chinese or has been for good 20 years. increasingly aware of their rights and the they are the am freedom side of the
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society, even including those who live in the system by which i mean they work for the state . i think what you just said is, is a half to narrative that we've sort of describe the middle class in china. but the thing is, the chinese in general, especially the middle class, they understand that that if they ask more though be punish. so they have learned not to ask, are they satisfied? i really don't think so. yes, we tell the founder, editor of trying to change, we appreciate your time. you're inside the fortunately we're out of time, but we appreciate you giving us an insider's view of what is happening in china. thank you. thank you so much for happening. i feel like i said in humanity is restored, but it's also
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a victory for all the library, female and male. it's a victory for women. when i think i think that your vision and the the, it was an emotional moments from 2018 when you, as comedian bill cosby was convicted of sexual assault, you have to wonder what the plaintiff is saying and thinking right now, today your pennsylvania court overturned because b conviction and ordered his immediate release from prison. pennsylvania supreme court ruled that a prior agreement with a prosecutor bard cosby from being charged in the case. cosby was convicted in jail in 2018 for drugging and molesting a woman at his suburban estate. earlier i spoke to our bedroom, entertainment journalist key, j matthews, in los angeles. she told us what this ruling means for bill cosby. sensually, not only has he been released but he cannot be retried,
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remember the 1st trial against him ended in a hung jury. the 2nd trial and did a conviction where he was given anywhere from 3 to 10 years to serve. he's only served a little over 2 years of his sentence so, so many people were surprised that he was being released and that he was being released so quickly. but what many people don't understand is why. and a lot of this goes back to the fact that his, his attorneys made an agreement with the prior district attorney in philadelphia back then stating that basically if you come in and give a deposition and tell us what you know, and what you've done in exchange for that, we will not prosecute you. we will not charge you. well he did. he came and he talked about getting certain women drugs. he testified when he thought was under oath and was honest to the best of his knowledge. and shortly after that he was charged and he was convicted. and so now the philadelphia supreme court is saying
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that was wrong. what do we know? k j? how did it was able to get through all the way to trial? then if the deal was made the deal was made, but you know, a lot of this is instructed in secrecy because the district attorney that charged him is no longer there. and so a lot of the key key players in the parts have moved on. and so i think what his attorneys were saying, we're going to allow this to move to the proper channels in the appeal process that they always believe that the supreme court or the state supreme court that is, would rule in their behalf. and they were right. so yes, they were worried about the conviction. yes, they were upset about the convention, but they ultimately believe that if this case, this appeal would move up to the state supreme court that it would rule him, bill cosby space. and so he's not clear to me know what he's saying that he's, he's not guilty. we know that this is more of course that that is a legal that is a legal thing. this is a conviction has been overturn. but that does not mean that he is innocent.
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remember, a lot of technicalities, how you look at the law between or not, somebody's in an innocent whether they've been convicted and whether a conviction is overturned. so we have to be really careful about how we phrase that and this is one assault, but, you know, i remember dozens of women have accused him of sexual assault over a period of many years. do you expect there to be new allegations? there could be, you know, but so many women have already come for over 50. women have told their stories to very many public, you know, newspapers and television stations all around the world already. so, so many women have come forward. so many women have told the same story about bill cosby. so there may be some other charges the company as we know it now with this particular case, he cannot be tried and he is already 83. so i'm not sure how long it would take them to come up with some other case with some other evidence. be able to present
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that. be able to get a jury to say yes, we think there's enough for a charge and then have that play out. that would take quite some time. so i'm not sure where that would stand. yeah, it's an amazing turn of events that is for sure. keeping matthews in los angeles, k. g is always thank you. this week police in greece recovered a painting by pablo picasso. stolen 9 years ago from the country's national gallery . during a presentation of the recovered art work, gravity happened. take a look. the painting was being shown to reporters, and it had just been placed on a ledge when it slipped and fell. it is not thought to have been damaged in the fall. it hurts to look that doesn't. picasso presented the woman's head painting as a gift to the greek nation in 1949 in recognition of their resistance to fascism during world war 2. the greek gravity
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of the day is almost done, but the conversation continues online. you'll find us on twitter either at the w news. you can follow me at brent golf tv. remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see that the was who's who's the news.
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the news news news news screen sustainable and trending. the many companies are rushing for green solutions because they're popular with the customers. but just how green are these solutions? who's made in germany w into the conflict with tim, sebastian, americans,
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secretary of state, one's in a blink and living cry last week. his aim apparently is to offer words of comfort and support to the country. after rushing to mass in huge numbers close to his border, my guess is really ukraine's foreign minister, the nature of labor. what did he get out of the? what was a conflict on 60 minutes on w o or we can, we can just cars carry the facts of climate change. i mean one of our 4 thanks in the rain forest, continued carbon dioxide emissions have risen again. young people all over the world are committed to climate protection. what impact
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willing because change doesn't happen on the news make up your room minded. w. me for mine's the. ah. ah me. if there is one color that's the embodiment of today's zeitgeist, it is green. green stands for lush, chemical, free grasslands for emission 3 mobility, and for a future in a healthy climate. it is no wonder sustainability has become a top issue for companies. but are these projects profitable?
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and all the actu, as green as the peer? the green economy can work. that's our topic this week on mate. when it comes to the things that are essential to us pretty much, nothing goes without water and looking at the planet. there's plenty of it just not the kind we can use right away. most of it is salt water and less than one percent is drinkable, the w christian carla on the tradition of dissemination and whether a berlin startup could have falls a global water crisis. in 2015, a series of drought starting to dry up is down the source of almost half of the water available to cape town, south africa in this satellite time. last, you can literally see the stored water decreased month by month in 2018. the city was approaching day 0000 is fast approaching shorthand for the day. the taps run dry and people would have to q
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to get water ration cape down was the 1st major city to risk running out of water. but it's not going to be the last jakarta london bay, jean tokyo could all face their own de 0 in the coming decade. most parts of the world or at least food form or are experiencing some will to stress those or the gap between in mind and supply of water is nattering. but how can that be? our blue planet is washed with water. more than 1000000000 trillion leaders to be precise. the problem is that 97 percent of the earth water is faulty. and most of the fresh water, if frozen in ice cast less than one percent of the earth, water is drinkable. that makes one solution, especially promising celebration you sell a nation these how a nation, the diesel
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a nation seems like a pretty straightforward solution. you take that undrinkable, salt water, remove the salt, and end up with an unlimited supply of fresh water. so why are we not building more desalination plants? the seller nation as a natural process has been known for millennia. the ancient greek philosopher, aristotle noted the sun turns ocean water into vapor, which then condenses again and falls back as rain. compatriots took sailors, boiled sea water on long journeys. romans used clay filters to trap salt. these are still the 2 basic principles used today. thermal dissemination uses heat falls, boiling point is a lot higher than water. so if you boil salt water,
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only fresh water will evaporate, leaving all the salt behind membrane desalination use a pressure called water here. colored in red for clarity is present through a membrane that is only partially permeable, fresh water can pass through here, colored in blue. but the salt is trapped on the other side. this technology didn't improve much until the 19th century when industrialization and population growth encouraged more research. population growth is means driver far increase in water skates. my dear is an environmental scientist with more than 30 years experience in water management shepherd stance, middle east and not africa. that region has a population of about 5 percent of the word population,
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but just as one percent of the global water resources. and soon another factor can make the foundation even more crucial global warming. the as the climate warms, more water will evaporate. and as aristotle noticed more vapor equals more clouds, people's more rain. but that rain won't fall, evenly map shows how precipitation will change as the climate heat up. regions in purple will get more, re those and orange less. now compared with this other mat, please, red dots indicate areas that are already experiencing water scarcity today. dry areas like how a fornia in the middle east will have even less rainfall. other countries like india will have more rain in the monsoon season, but less in the dry season when people need it most. this will make desalination
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even more popular. and this rudy has started to explode. i'd say since the late eighty's and ninety's, but especially in the last 20 years you've seen a big celebration. edward jones, the ph. d. candidates put together a state of the art outlet on the status of desalination. nowadays we have around $16000.00 deceleration plans which are producing more or less a 100000000 meters keeps the water. but take a closer look at this map. if you look at how much the selling needed water we produce on this bill, currently 71 percent is produced in high income country. that's because desalination is very costly. the boiling billions of leaders of water takes a lot of energy release. the availability of oil and especially fossil fuels makes
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the thermal persistence cheaper for other types. it could be, i think, $25.00 or 30 times more expensive. but that energy doesn't have to come from fossil fuels. the thought up in berlin has a sustainable alternative. my name is kim, i'm the co founder and ceo of the company boyer light. so i moved from west germany to berlin. let me just look for you and also doing something your water, if you like, yes please. ah. so the water come bases from the whole to the system. and after that is gone through the booster farm would force him by the water is fresh to the membrane . it's me and this is water written in the green energy. that's the key to the company's success. this is one of their plans in
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kenya's the solar panels keep the cost of water low in villages like this, where electricity is not available. ah, ah, the water for free liquidity from the solar wind for free. so we can now produce $1000.00 seater for $0.50. this price is actually comparative to keep water from the river from the home. but there's another problem. what do you do with this water that's left behind? so we thought of this, so look out of the water to produce fresh water. but now this is still contained within our substance, but it's just a smaller volume. so it's most ot ah water. it's called brine
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as well. we produce more, brian. then we produce each pipe with this coming out of the discipline. discharging, tried to move in as it flows out because it's lindsay and the temperature can also deplete the oxygen available. and this is what's causing actually the organisms more damage, just the lack of oxygen that basically suffocates. ah, bryan can also contain chemicals harmful to see. life needs to be a better plan for the industry of dealing with this brands where producing more waste with no clamp. ah, but what of this waste could become a resource? tomatoes, seaweed, and certain fish can tolerate high salinity. morial light uses brian to cultivate them in tubs like this is also the opportunity for the solar recovery and the metal
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recovery. and the moment the technology is automated, a boat fire brian management. but those are very small scale. the challenge is that all we can transform those small scale technologies into a large scale operations. desalination is not a magic formula. the process must become more efficient before low income countries can afford it. nation plans must convert from fossil fuel to renewable. energy is to limit emissions and the whole industry needs to come up with a plan to deal with this. brian facilities like this, already a lifeline for many communities. it's very important to realize that these nations in the state really need to work towards solving the challenges of dissemination in the graduate process. again happened overnight. but i could see that there at the
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same time getting the bidding also to harness the potential of the water or a town is doing a lot better and the dam is full. the city was rushing to build desalination plants to avoid a 0. but the solution wasn't desalination or any other technology. no one should be showering more than twice a week. i said the top flush was only when you really need to flush, we've made a fit in trying to, you have to have water as if your life depends on and people came water. why they radically changed their water use. we use it consciously and mindfully trying to save valued waters for the essential and be replaced with such
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that it is and that's how it should be. by the way, you can watch videos like the one you just saw on youtube channel planet aid, which also has lots of other content on sustainability. now we are a business magazine and we do have a liking for numbers and div. they are really alarming. around 820000000 people are suffering from hunger around the world. and at the same time about $1300000000.00 tons of food go unused every year. due to the lack of proper logistics or food gets wasted. because pears and peaches don't look as fresh as we would like. increasing shelf life could improve things. and here's an idea for how to achieve that. fruit and vegetables rotting in fields or during transportation to consumers. according to the un food and agricultural organization or f, a o,
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some 14 percent of food is lost after harvesting. and before it reaches the market retailer. if you go to a particular country or particular, you're likely to see running levels of food losses. and these, depending on the situation, would go up even to 50 percent. if you're talking about, let's say fruits and vegetables. for example, if the firm does not find the market for that particular food product in a timely basis. now this is huge amount of food, and if you, you convert it into monetary quantity. this is a lot and if you, you read it as well into a loss to the environment or the environmental impact that is closer. huge when that happens, water, pesticides, and resources used for transportation are always does some 7 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions can be traced back to food loss and
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waste. the chief causes include problems of transportation and refrigeration. the power from harvest, the kitchen table is a race against time. a california based company appeal sciences might be able to help founder james rogers and his team have developed a liquid that could extend the shelf life of fruits and vegetables. appeal is a little exactly like it sounds peel that we apply to the surface of fresh curtis. you can't see it, you can't. you can't do it. but it slows down the factors because the fruit, the age, it helps even without refrigeration appeal as a liquid coating that dries into a kind of edible skin. the coating helps to produce last up to 4 times as long that buys time, time to transport,
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the produce to storage and to eat it before it spoils. appeal is based on liquids and other natural compounds found in fruits and vegetables. there, extracted and blended into a taylor made solution by combining them in the rate ratios when they dry a dry into an arrangement that allows us to control the factors that cause fruit to age, which are basically water going out and oxygen going. yeah. so same materials were just teaching them a new trick by finding the right formula to apply to different kinds of praise in order to give them the same kind of protection that you'd have other women on a cucumber or on a.


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