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tv   Europe in Concert  Deutsche Welle  May 29, 2021 4:00am-4:45am CEST

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of europe, you are connected to the whole world. ah, experience upstanding shopping and dining offers. enjoying our services. be our guest at frankfurt, airport city, managed by from board. oh. the ah. and z w. news. and these are our top stories. germany has acknowledged for the 1st time that it committed genocide during its colonial rule of what is now namibia in southern africa. german troops massacre tens of thousands of herero and nama people at the start of the 20th century, related to apologize and fund projects worth more than a 1000000000 euros in namibia. everything president alexander lucas shall go has told his russian counterpart of vladimir putin that the west is trying to
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destabilize celebrate. the 2 meters have been holding talked in the russian city of thought she following last week, forced landing of a ryan air flight in minsk the landing and the detention of an opposition blocker have caused an international outcry and led to sanctions therapy and medicine agency has approved a covert 19 vaccine for youth on children under 16. it says the buy on tech fight or shot is safe and highly effective for 12 to 15 year olds. germany says it will start offering vaccine appointments in early june. other countries like the u. s. and canada are already inoculating children from the age of 12. this is dw news from berlin. you can get much more news on our website, t w dot com the the
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breeding from berlin, and welcome to arts and culture. and heading into the weekend, a new video from ballet's bad boy's said, a game for learning sees the ukrainian born star dancing to ravel bolero, to raise awareness for multiple sclerosis and british nigerian designer you come in, laurie's celebrate to do, will heritage with color bringing of bonnie: for the 1st the positivity to objects and urban spaces but 1st to london, where the victoria and albert museum is pulling out all the stops for a blockbuster returned to culture. the exhibition epic, iran, which opens on saturday, showcases 5 millennial of person culture ranging from the ancient pri islamic times right through to contemporary artists of today illuminating an artistic richness that the curator's hope will add some new own to how iran is seen in the west
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the with artifact spending 5000 years epic iran hopes to show the continuity of the country's culture and identity as seen in its art and design. the co curator tim stanley was tasked with showcasing the country's millennial long narrative. although it's existed for this very long time, people generally don't have this idea that iran is one of the great civilizations of asia, which is existed for a very long period. and that's one of the essential messages of the exhibition. and of course, telling that long story with only, you know, to say the 300 objects is it's, it's quite a challenge. the exhibitions,
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10 sections cover the many facets of iran's rich artistic and cultural heritage. from historic costumes to persian rugs illustrated manuscripts, vases and even weaponry and armor. the all the exhibition offers a dazzling recreation of the was a percept, less the ceremonial capital of the 1st persian empire. using modern technology, epic iran re imagine the historic object. ah, one of the interesting things about this exhibition is that recent research about perception, this is shane, not the relief through originally covered. i mean, hands, they found traces, trying to microscopic traces of the pigments they use and say, we've been able to recreate the, the colorful aspect of the relief using projected color. one of the most important
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object in the exhibition is this cyrus cylinder. memorializing the conquest of babylon by persian king cyrus the great in 539, b. c. it also appears to document king cyrus as support for religious and cultural diversity policies that were unique in the ancient world. some scholars refer to it as the 1st bill of human rights. the runs long history has also included turbulent relations with the west. going as far back as the persian invasion of greece in the 5th century. and continuing to today. the exhibition organizers hope to offer a different narrative they include in us are connie's and mine has family owns many of the object i'm show. the exhibition also highlights modern day iran with a selection feature in contemporary iranian art. many of the works here are bold
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and colorful like this. i catching self portrait by closer hassan's i day, which explores how the world views iranian men by presents in contemporary art from iran. today we really able to challenge prejudices and this name is about what being around is today. this room gives an explanation of different artistic voices from artist living in iran, living in exile and his struggle between the 2. and when you look at it, you have photography, film, animations, sculpture and what else do you have painting? of course, oil painting, which explore art across media at the very highest level. i think iran shedding light on the richness and diversity of one of the world's great civilizations. well,
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he's been called the great his dancer of his generation and long been known as the bad boy of ballet, sergey poland, in an all or nothing kind of artist. as extreme in his political views as in his approach to life and his career, which has been a rollercoaster ever since he became the youngest ever principal dancer for britain's royal ballet back in 2010. but now the ukranian born phenol is focusing some of his explosive energy on a good cause. it was this video by photographer david less upheld that made sergey polo in a viral internet sensation. and shocked about a world in 2015 polonium bared his tattoos and his soul, as he vowed to quit classical dance ah balloon and never did quite quit his latest project together. we perform a giant mag tasks. what's it like to have multiple sclerosis? a disease that causes loss of sensation and control over one's own body mass.
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mutual erika coker, my clay, someone who finds out that he has m. s. and experience is something that other people can't understand. why show, how one thing simple finger and hand movement suddenly become difficult, or even touching your own nose. i show the struggle of no longer being able to control your own body to numerous right from until people like the dest shank of i know 1st hand what that's like, she's one of 2000000 patients living with multiple sclerosis worldwide for symptom started when she was 18 at 1st she had problem seeing then she found it difficult to walk up the blue really to get busty and you could, there were days when i felt like a vegetable. i just lay there only able to move my eyelids love. i did. then i pulled myself together. i got up and kept going crazy today and it shares her experiences with other patients at a self help group in moscow. the focus here is on learning to live with the
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challenges the disease presents and on setting goals, even if they don't seem attainable at 1st. what did you do or? yeah, i could dance. i prefer it because dancing means passion as though and when this passion takes hold of me, i have to do it. that's. it's the same with mass. you can control your body again. if you want to, was not, i think will utilize the balloons. the youth centered around controlling his body. every muscle, every sinew, had one team. he was the youngest principal dancer in the history of britain's royal ballet. documentary dancer charts, his rise from a boy in ukraine to a star in london. and his public unraveling amid drug use and psychological struggles. and he continued to so controversy with this tattoo of vladimir putin
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and with a homophobic ranch that caused the paris opera ballet to cancel his guest appearance in 2019 still, the farmer company merrick saw him as the man to help raise awareness of multiple sclerosis. for an additional chunk of our ponies piece hits close to home, he has to do, she knew me as him when he was moving. so i could see that his muscles were tense. doing that usually helps ease muscle spasms when people with m. s jump around a little, you hardly see their leg sake. when you, because i'm a healing, i want to show that people can be strong and can triumph when they gather their strength. in perhaps a new turn for his reputation pony and is honoring the strength of m. s. patients fighting a disease that still has no cure. and that
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with a view to world m. s day that's coming up on sunday. well, from another generation, italy's leading prima ballerina cadillac for she has died at $84.00, considered one of the celebrated ballerina of the 20th century. she dazzled audiences around the world, dancing with the top male stars of her day, and was best suited for her interpretation of the great romantic ballad. most notably, ah, for anyone still suffering from about the pandemic, blues, or blonde, the vibrant world of income, louis is a welcome way to kick start. your sense of the british, nigerian designer, can spit up just about anything from a friend, state, or park to store windows. at selfridge is in london, and he even has a signature line of home and kitchenware that reflects the joyful spin that he
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brings to many public spaces. this colorful installation is called in plans. we trust. the work of british, nigerian designer laurie can be found in london, mayfair districts. it's a veritable urban, always likes to try and chris states face principal at reflection meditation using plants and green greenery. so come here, sit down from a conversation, reflect, read whatever you want to do, but just being around, you know, a green space. the 34 year old london loves working with bright, vibrant colors. not too long ago, you can redesigned a gloomy london underpass. happy street as his work is titled the sight to behold. he wants to bring more positivity to urban spaces. when i create an installation in a studio, as it gets my work,
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when it goes into space as belong to what belongs to the people. i was really kind of gives those people sense if you know belonging and also feel proud of their environment. you know, he's produced countless installations for art galleries and events like this playground for adults at the 2019 tan film festival has always bursting with new ideas. the younger launched his design career 10 years ago when he reimagined 2nd hand chairs, giving them a multicolored make over much of his work, as inspired by stories from his childhood as well as west african fabrics through its endings is kind of it's based around of who i am as a kid, have always felt i was living or to live into coaches in a position where it's here and, and i love both got both coaches, but how do i celebrate? and i think the best way with me was to do it through furniture. so take those
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narratives to i was kind of, you know, told while i was young. and i love trying to retail the my only the drum up these crockery designs during the 1st corona virus lockdown. my obsession with colors is definitely sort of been inherited to my mom and dad. always one that, well my mom but she get her 1st color from it was obviously from her mom because i've been past one to some. i'm over and it's pleasant. me. hello just here. this is something that's just yeah, it makes me for positive and good because lively creations bring some much needed color and positivity to urban environments. illuminating the darkness well, positivity as good, that's all for this time and this week and it's been a blast. so until we meet again, go, well, stay safe and all the best from us, just to
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the imagine how many portion of los turn out in the world climate change because the stores, this is my plan, the way from just one week. how much was can really get we still have time to act. i'm doing all this. me what secret? why behind these was discover new ventures in 360 degree the and explore fascinating world heritage sites. the c w world heritage 3. get the now ah.
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ah, yes, i game of thrones that with out to dragons it's an harris to perfect society and capitalists, and everything is geared to make sure that there's as much cash for came as possible. aah! i told you not capitalism. money is the life blood flowing through the vein. it's no different in north korea. bureau, $39.00 is involved in everything that makes money for north korea, selling arms smuggling of drugs, conser feeding us us bills. this is about hundreds of millions of dollars a year. tune the time you did everything everything well you and all we were told was make dollars. ah, the
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ah north korea, a pariah date. largely isolated from the rest of the world. a dictatorship shrouded in mystery. ah. every day the countries statement media praise the heroic deeds of the supreme leader. ah, time seems to stand still here. ah, think numbers move career has the full largest. tell me in the world. the 3 generations that came family has ruled the country by divine rights and with an iron fist news korean military. oh no, it's outdated that contain nuclear weapon earning the country severe sanctions. how
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does the regime manage to survive? and how have the kim's amassed enough money to threaten the world with the most powerful weapon of all the me. on the other side of the world in the netherlands, a history professor is working on answer to these questions remco breaker from the a city of light and has been studying the attic matic country and it through for years. he says, our image of north korea is mistaken. north isn't what it says. it
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is just look at the country functions and at the highest level. what is the main goal of, of the government of the regime i should say, is to make money. estimate cash for kim. what intrigues me personally is how nurse korea managed to make money. one of the questions we are stuck with says, where does the money go? how much money does north korea make for the leadership in young yang questions like these a dangerous, the north korean regime. send a letter of indictment under my name to the government. charging me with 3 capital crimes, the worst of the 3 was the accusation that our research, my research was in my name and damage the supreme dick and see if the supreme either this sounds like it's a funny crime. right. damaging the supreme difference of somebody in north korea kerisha death, county a threat not to be taken lightly. remco broke his investigation,
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threatened to disrupt north korea's sources of hard currency. the country 1st nuclear bomb tests in 2006 prompted its international isolation. without legal sources of income, the regime took to raising money illegally ah, new york, the seat of the united nations. it's here that the us has imposed 9 rounds of sanctions against north korea and also where its global activity, the monitored by an international panel of experts. the group consists of 8 members, including former intelligence, military and financial experts for their own safety. they work away from the public eye, only the coordinator, hugh fits, is willing to be con camera. the sanctions have a tremendous impact on one level on north korea. it means that economy comp flourish in the way it would if they were able to sell the largest foreign currency
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and commodities legitimately. so they can't ship coal legitimately, they can't ship iron or legitimately they can't ship is inc, legitimately foreign currency is very important to any country, no matter how or tar kick it's economy. you need foreign currency to buy the goods that are essential for your population. know for your elite group. so foreign currency is pretty essential to north korea survival. the question is, what's more important to the north korean leadership developing? and you can ballistic missile program or seeing their economy flourish. yeah, in the regime opted to go for the bomb in 2005, it's officially revealed that it had nuclear weapons as protection. it said again
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the tax from foreign powers, specifically the united states. i don't yang home to the government and to the country in the shiny new apartment block line, spotlessly clean showcase 70. this is where p on young's upper class resides. the city is home to 3000000 people, but only those who are considered loyal to the regime. if anyone wanting to enter the capital from the outside needs to permit song and show work that young's economic research institute, he's authorized to talk to journalists about the sanctions for him. ample, don't say you don't wanna lose you. it's impossible to sanction at country completely. even now we trade and obtain foreign currency on our own. thanks as much as you like. we will advance of our own accord and we will turn our
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competitiveness into a sword through our sacrifices and we will progress bravely when you look into them . the sanctions that have been put on north korea are extremely strict. i mean just enough in a country that has been sanctioned more diverse more more strictly in the same time they no longer working. ready there is a huge problem and i see a policy and using sanctions to tie in half the regime modifies behavior because we're not sanctioning the one entity that turns most of his money that keeps the float financially that keeps his life. many high ranking defectors from north korea talk about
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a secret government department that said to administer the regime secret funds, kim il sung, and his son, kim joan, is reportedly set it up in the late 1917th and equipped it with wide ranging powers . its tasks using calanda, stine hard currency transactions to secure an independent power base for the kim while also raising money for the nuclear bomb. and the leaders personal luxury, its name office, 39, only 200 kilometers to the southeast. so south korea is type a modern capital and one of the 10 most expensive cities in the world. around 25000000 people live in the metro area, about half the elation of south korea. among them, most of the 30000 people who managed to flee from north korea to start a new and hopefully anonymous life in the megacity
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who young fun used to be a north korean diplomat. he escaped in 1991. he went on to become deputy director of south korea institute for national security strategy, which employees north korean defectors together, valuable information. few people know more about the kim denise dees, workings kimmy doing a bunch and has this that when kim jong il came to power, he renamed the finance department as the workers already central committee. it was now called office 39 because it was located on floor 3 in room 9 summer. busy please, another story says that it was march 9th, when kim jong il issued, in order to set up such a bureau. either way to this day who office 39 is the department that collects and managers the him, families secret funds. for me. talk to
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any prominent north korea next and that all tell you that bureau 39 is absolutely crucial in earnings refuse for nursing regime. it's absolutely fine. it'll take away everything collapses. here in new york, the united nations impose and monitored the sanctions against north korea. an entity as important as office 39 surely ought to be at the top of prescribed organization. office $39.00 is normally talked about by north korean defectors. we don't really see office 39 in our investigations. instead, we're looking at the north korean banks and the shell companies traditionally operate overseas in 3rd current try's to generate foreign currency and then that money is sent back to north korea. office. 39 is never mentioned in
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official documentation from money raising activities span the globe and co box in cambodia, a world heritage site. over 2 and a half 1000000 people visit the ancient buddhist temple complex every year. sophie, for the tourists part currency, the cambodia in tourism is by far the largest sector of the economy here and co, what's operating company, and more than $100000000.00 in 2018 a lucrative business. and one that north korea is caching in on me. ah right next to the entrance to the temple is a museum that opened in 2015. at its heart is a 3 day painting depicting the history of the command empire in monumental images,
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the throngs of tourists that guided through here every day. so. 7 far that they from north korean, we have disney pen 10. how one? yeah. and from one to 1010 i and who constructed it was it was kimberlia. no, no, not cody, and then not put in contact. the 2nd venting un sanctions north korea, not any built the complex but also financed it in return pyongyang pockets all the takings. so the 1st 10 years after that profit will be shared $5050.00. ready the north korean director didn't want to appear on camera, but he did tell us that the museum makes about $7000000.00 a year in entrance sees a figure he expects to treble in the near future. ah,
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in the evening after the museum closes, the north koreans throw another set of doors open for the tourist with cameras. now welcome inside the restaurant. we film in secret. yeah, we had a reservation yesterday. where did you? did you have to put out the tables? they're almost always fully booked. i'm talking to sydney. ok then because you're the menu buzz north korean specialties such as cold noodles and c cucumber. the price of the surprisingly high by cambodian standards with main causes costing up to $50.00. the restaurant is especially popular among tourists,
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from china and south korea. most of the young women who work here off students from pyongyang. they live and sleep above the restaurant and in many cases and not allowed to leave the premises for years. every evening, at the same time, they changed their outfits and get ready for the big show. me. i the there are 113 north korean restaurants like this. worldwide. 3 of them in cambodia . they believe to make several $1000000.00 a year. but the waitresses don't get paid a sense the big bucks,
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weston hard currency flow directly into the regime secret coffers. the this is just one example of north korea is systematic exploitation of its own population . no korean work was deployed around the world. even in the european union, such as here in poland, we found north korean work brigades on a building site. they were promised good wages and decent working conditions, only to be treated like slaves. in the evening, after a 12 hour shift, the work as the bust back to their hostels. then
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monica around the clock by north korean agents. ah, one of them, however, decided to talk to us. mm no, no problem coming here on your own. you know, on sundays we can go out alone. when you get to what would happen if you got caught, once have played accuse me of this and that. and i'd be interrogated by north korean state security here in poland. if they were not satisfied, they'd send me back to pyongyang for further interrogation with you guys. and i might even get put in prison. something you know, how long did you get to chinese fishing? so you have a job here. i came here to make money. it's had on my wall no matter how hard i
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work. i can't make money. couldn't the working conditions are miserable upon them all? you've done the wish and i have no freedom. we have to spend our lives crammed together in groups. so you're probably aware that they keep almost all of our wages. we only get up interaction, but you know, i will give you a 100 years. you know, i'm in my thirties and my wife and daughter are at home to my are next to nothing's on. but i have to do this for them, get them when i have no choice here, didn't. and couldn't book your the modern day. slavery as north korea sense, well trained workers to poland, to toil away and shipyards and on construction sites. the work has families are
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effectively held hostage in north korea. if a worker flees their relatives back home will often face severe punishment. the work is paid just 90 euros a month. the rest goes to the regime as it cashes in for kim, largely unnoticed by the international community. north korea has sent laborers all over the world. believe to number up 285-0000 in all about 40000 of them are in russia, not up 280-0000 in china. north koreans also work in q 8, malaysia, cambodia, mongolia, amman, cattle, the united arab emirates, and in a number of african countries. the u. n. has become aware of this income for young, young, and just determined to drain the sources. experts estimate that the regime makes up to $1000000000.00 a year. this way now and wherever money is earned,
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it ends up at office 39. you order it, conduct money transactions with absolute authority, from what it was defect to say the office is directly controlled by kim jones and manages the leadership secret account. what's called the palace economy where exactly and shown young it's office 39 located. and just how many millions flow into its coffers. ah, when we asked the north korean official, he and his interpreter feign ignorance. i don't understand the question, but perhaps you know more. have you ever heard of floor 39?
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39 floor. are we talking about high rises? oh, office. 39 is one of the best kept secrets of the king regime. only north koreans who've escaped or able to talk about it openly about me. so at your secret location, we meet a man who used to work for the office. he was based in china, his tasked smuggling foreign currency. then he escaped. his position was so important that the north korean regime had threatened to kill him. afraid of being identified, he had plastic surgery to alter his faith and even then he's only willing to be filmed from behind me. jones have a concern with north korea, ostensibly, has
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a planned economy or the engineering. this means that the state takes care of supplying the population with food and the other good. no, but in north korea, this system has been largely abandoned. their history supply of food and goods for daily use has as such, collapse more as a result. just the majority of the north korean population has to be self sufficient and resort to the black market ways to understand office 39 and the capitalist structures in place in north korea. it's important to understand its history. in 1991, the world's biggest communist country, the soviet union was developed and north korea last one of its most important trading partners. well, many formally communist date now switched to a market on the me. the kims continued to further isolate themselves. in 1994,
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the year kim joan is succeeded. his late father, a devastating famine, descended on the country. during the great famine in the mid nineties, by the north korean starts to death. the public distribution system collapse. witnesses described seeing mountains of dead bodies and in the streets, anywhere between $1.00 to $3000000.00. there are 3 states. so what happens is the north koreans now knew that if there was 2 or 5, they could no longer trust or rely on the states. and it was the rural population in particular who had to be self sufficient. black market started to emerge known as jung medina. today the robin a know number of these markets throughout the country. $400.00 of them, or even officially license providing tax income for the regime. most of the buying, selling and bartering here involved food and goods from china. all manner of
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current things are accepted, especially us dollars and chinese, you on both of those p to china and north korea shera border. that is more than a 1000 kilometers long fuel. but over 80 percent of that border is not even secured with barbed wire. who in the border region are subject to little control by the state police and they enjoy substantial trade with china. to mean less trade is the basis for the black market in north korea. i've always, ah, the biggest beneficiaries from the informal economy and government officials in pyongyang because of their loyalty, although mainly out of financial self interest, the regime permits them to trade. and over the years they've become wealthy. they sell luxury good muggle, raw materials and in in real estate. their cold don't shoot masters of money and
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enjoy the luxury and freedom afforded to them by the regime. but that loyalty comes at a price to many dollars. you hold senior government positions including at office 39 like this man who's been living in hiding. and so since he fled the north while growing up in the ninety's, he witnessed how north korea developed increasingly capitalist structures. before his escape, he was responsible for export likely the officers most profitable business ferrying reprisals from the regime. he likewise does not wish to be recognised me. high 100. my position and rank within the organization was management employee
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a name i was in charge of foreign trade. it will be with a department that did trade with europe. by sure, a lot of them, in fact, much hamburg germany until a few years ago, the north korean state insurance company k. and i see had a branch in an innocuous looking apartment block in the city. from here, 6, north korean officials may deal with major european insurers. home office, 39 has a department for foreign insurance policies in jungle. this department conducts insurance fraud on either on the home tied on them. for example,
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they used to re insure russian m 18 helicopters that were nearing the end of their operational lives in somebody's head. in concrete terms, this department signed contract with large european insurance firms that are in your home. we have initially they would pay the insurance premiums, a $5000.00 a month or more on time eventually the helicopters were blown up or set on fire to collect the insurance, some punish, kinda worries egypt. and that amounted to maybe 2000000 dollars and eating month to month that i was just one case among many in 2015, the european union added the k and i see to it's sanctioned list, accusing the company of co financing p on young nuclear weapons program. via office 39. experts estimate the rec helicopters and similar tricks helped the kim
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regime brake in several $100000000.00. north korea uses its global network of embassies to ferry money back to pyongyang, government officials enjoying diplomatic immunity, transport the money in cash in their flight baggage. a simple but efficient way of ensuring the funds keep on flowing me. nursing the embassies have a different ethic function that this often mainly ceremonial, but their to function is financial. it's also illegal, mainly the screen difference are basically cast carriers for kim their into, for their, their businessman. they may be direct lawrence and maybe weapon smugglers, but they carry a different request for say, contacts and providing military supplies,
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training. and much of that has been done through north korea's embassies, particularly in africa and the middle east side of all the countries in the middle east. currently, syria and our republic has the greatest levels of prohibited cooperation with north korean military entities. her fist l asked at the father if the current syrian dictator had been on friendly terms with then north korean leader kim il sung. since the 900 sixty's p on young supplied syria with military personnel as well as weapons and ammunition in its war against israel. an important source of income, which exists to this day, me using tactics resembling those of 18th century pirates office. 39 operates congo ships under full flags and fake names.
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according to the un, this is enabled north korea to send large quantities of weapons and military equipment to syria. between 201220178 says at least 40 shipments with prohibited cargo from north korea passed through the suez canal. but then the us managed to have one of the deliveries intercepted. so we found something called go on its way to syria. these were acid resistant tiles, involves which could be used in chemical weapons development, but also missile fuel is highly corrosive and such tiles could be used for ballistic missile program as well. the bill of lading clearly.

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