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tv   Best of Klosterkuche  Deutsche Welle  May 26, 2021 12:30pm-1:01pm CEST

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ah, they had hoped for more security, more freedom, more dignity, have their hopes for 10 years after the arab spring. and rebellion starts june 7th on d. w. the freedom of speech under threat in india, messaging service was the uptake the government to court over controversial. neither rules, online platform save will force them to break privacy, protect. also coming up, britain loses this that, but i for german cars leaving china to take germany as the biggest important market for the 1st time. and we'll take a look at why small companies and start off are likely to feel the pinch of the global. somebody conduct a shortage longer and there are bigger competitors. i'm chris kolber. welcome to
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the program. a battle over media rights and freedom of speech and india is coming to a boil messaging provider. what's up past 5. the lawsuit against the indian government use social media rules require platforms to name a legally accountable representative and to release distant user status, which the lawsuit claims is a violation of privacy rights. the main battle ground for the dispute is the ongoing farmers protest and the country the india is farmers are playing a key role in the countries that over freedom of speech there protesting bitterly against the government's new agricultural law, legislation they say will ruin their livelihood. the farmers have also been using social media networks to mobilize their supporters, something the government in delhi doesn't like just as it dislikes the social media criticism of its corona, virus policies. delhi has demanded that us big tech platforms like facebook and
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twitter, close down certain accounts and delete some articles in hash tags. there's a lot at stake for the big tech giant. twitter has more than 70000000 indian users . facebook over 400000000 and facebook subsidiary, what's app boasts over half a 1000000000 subscribers more than in any other country. their impressive revenue streams. and the conflict between the platforms and the indian government over free speech on the internet has intensified in recent months. it's getting to the point where the companies will have to decide just how much the indian market is worth to them. let's take a look at the matter with a journalist, nickel, power, and deli. welcome to the program nichol. a good to have, you know, these rules this, these rules took a fact today. what exactly is it that the government is taking offense in here? like this according to the leads you're not. if you can read up,
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i don't take down the content after the shipping orders billing tickets itself, or if they don't provide in for the law enforcement agencies based on the demand within 50 to us. even if let's say users find the complaint and, and the platform to address their mentors within 15 days. and the member what's up, for example has 500000000 users. then basically loop as he hobble they might be liable for the content. and this means that bit, you know, over with that many users and that much content platforms are not so by liability in india. so what is happening is that the government is trying to control online speech by importing more control platforms. and these laws are applicable today. but in the past so, so such hadn't been, hadn't been enforced. so the government is to enforce the laws. i bitterly arguing
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them as a sort of the use of them as, as leverage to eliminate the platforms. so this is not a good time to be back home in india, and that's probably by what's up is going to go inside. what's up situation is much worse. they expected to kind of look deeper. did you need to be information about originated up a message which will mean that they'll have to re architect the entire platform globally. compromise driven people, you know, believe and that's why they've gone to court the demand for the indian government. it's unrealistic. and you know, it's very unbelievable that the indian government expected what, what's after the architect that back on within just 3 months of these guidelines biggest, that's impossible to make. what consequences are companies facing if they don't adhere to these rules? but someone's going to go to g. so they had expected to hire the chief compliance officer who will have quick and criminal liability for any lawsuit. so for example,
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if 2 people are, if one person swing another for commission and india does half a 1000000 defamation dollars, then the phone would be liable for that. and therefore, the compliance officer that you know, facebook and twitter into my condo would also be liable for that same content. and i don't think that homes can, so that might be someone's going to go to jail at some point in time. and deli, thank you for your thoughts. i will take a look at some of the other business store. he's making headlines around the world . the can union is in court and belgium against the swedish british farmer joined us there, seneca over vaccine deliveries. the accusers the company of repeatedly and drastically falling short of the number of doses promise f s. and it says it has fully complied with agreements and delivered as much thorough as it could be anom as expending locked measures as the government reports
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a record number of daily cove. in 1900 cases, authorities have forced restaurants into capital to close and have band gatherings in public areas as well as introducing curfews and production stops at several big industrial parks. the british government is considering rules to blocks certain companies from going public if they pose a risk to national security. this could affect your london stock exchange ip yos for the tech sector, infrastructure and defense. the treasury says it is currently drawing up plan china as overtaken germany as the u. k. biggest important market for the 1st time since records began between december and january, britain, imports from germany dropped by nearly 2000000000 euros. the biggest contributor, fall in the number of german cars being bought by branches. this came after overall trade with european union for sharply in the 1st quarter as the exit from the block came into full effect from all its crossover tar financial correspondent,
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conrad buddhism. in frankfort. conrad, how much of a blow is this to the german auto industry? well, chris, of course, this is not good use for the german car industry, but it's not totally clear how much of this has to do with breaks it. and how much is due to a corporate 9 to 19 lockdown, you know, in january showrooms of car dealerships, in the united kingdom, west to close. so this was really not the perfect time to sell cars, something else. another factor we have to keep in mind the imports to the united kingdom from china increased so much in january or in the 1st quarter because of all the covered 19 related goods that you okay bought in china. you know, texas, for example, for mosques and for p p e personal protective equipment. this of course is not
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likely to continue. now what about border checks? i mean the amount of red tape that companies have to deal with now when doing business with the u. k. and vice versa has dramatically increased yes, that's correct. and of course, this has had a negative impact, but mostly, you know, before the end of the year, when a lot of stockpiling happened in the united kingdom, many businesses and consumers got prepared for january when the breaks. it really kicked in the long queues of laurie's at the board, us in both over and kelly didn't last very long. now, the customs authorities on both sides of the channel saying that most of the times, laurie's have the paperwork they need and there are no long pews. so it seems really that the situation is much more relaxed than originally feared.
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china has overtaken germany as new case. biggest import markets are market correspondent conrad booth and breaking down the story. first, connor, thank you. now, the global semiconductor shortage is causing headaches in many economic sectors. the man searches during the pandemic ought to be under facts for is completely off guard. and big companies like cars, computer and smartphone manufacturers will get 1st dibs, when the chips supply increases again. but small startups will likely feel to squeeze for longer. w correspondent, emily gore, dean, visited a startup to find out just how they are adjusting the list. drop text favorable to x produces smart flu shots, full restaurants, but to perform even basic tasks like this, robots need to be very smart. the brains of the operation are hidden inside here.
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tiny semiconductor chips. a lot of this robots control system have a full set of semi conductive back, but the global chip shortage is causing problems. for developers. we've had to scour the internet to find the last few components that were for sale or completely changed our designs to, to use parts which we are able to find. we started buying used components which was something that we hadn't ever done before. semiconductors are crucial to new technologies. the chips are assembled on 2 small green printed circuit boards, short p, c. b's. the circuit boards are usually manufactured in asia, but the global shortage means companies must find other solutions. so this is a raw board that comes in from overseas that next design on it. you see there's some bases that are missing and those would be what we need to purchase ourselves
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and assemble on these components are very, very tiny. so it's a very technical process to get it assembled and there's not that many places that do it in the united states. so as training our team members to actually hand rework the p. c. b, with our components that are in shortage, are essential to keeping us working during this time. only 12 percent of the world microchips on produced in the us. the vast majority of some conductors are made in asia with try when he's powerhouse to use them. see the world leader chips are everywhere, most notably, and without chips, everything comes through a whole. the big question is, how am on the factors going to respond to the shortage? the problem is, even if somebody conduct a manufacturer as well to run pop production, it would still take a long time before the chips could reach the customers. if you already have space
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in your factories to put more capacity with time, you say, go and, and decide to buy and spend the money to buy the tools to the 1st time you can get away for out. product is at least a year. so start ups like next labor bottlenecks. this means more hunting, around online to find them missing pieces. sometimes the news that we have to lower our expectations from what a product and do simply because of the reality of supply chain. this robot is being prepared for shipment, but the semiconductor shortage means that the next ones might come out later. and they might be less smart. and has a reminder of the top story real following before you have to sour messaging service. what's up if they can be indian government to court of them and that it and other online platform stable, forced them to break privacy protections and issue is
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a new social media law that took effect today in the country. ah, that's our show is what more go ahead and check us out on our website at w w dot com slash business, or follow us on our facebook and twitter feeds. because cobra berlin, thanks for watching. every stuff is successful. the news just fight against the corona virus pandemic. how has the rate of infection in developing? what does the latest research information and contact the corona virus? because the 19 special next on dw hello guys. this is a 77 percent. the platform will be used to share ideas
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you know, on this channel, we are not afraid to ask and then it gets tuffy. young people clearly have the solution, the future. 77, chris and now every weekend on the w. two's. there are growing calls for a waving of covert vaccine payden's to increase deliveries to developing countries . but it's speed up production of the jap. oh, the us things that will be you believes easing, export rules would speed up. so eyes isn't it. if you can give the ip to labs that don't know how to produce as they won't produce it over nice. the figures are telling 30 percent of people in rich nations have had at least one shot in low
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income countries. it's just point 35 percent. i think i would go one 3rd of that in to say, not just that the what it is as we go by seen a part of the world is in vice in about died. i'm been to dual and welcome, as leaders around the world attempt to draw lessons from the cupboard 19 pandemic. one question remains notably unresolved how to handle vaccine payton's at present. it's only these companies and a select few. they have licensing agreements with that are allowed to make the jobs . it's a fundamental principle of intellectual property though, but one critic say is costing life and slowing down efforts to end the pandemic. south africa and india have led coles to see peyton's wavered. more than $100.00 countries, including the united states, the great germany is a notable exception with the government coming out strongly against the proposal. so what are the arguments for and against?
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proponent, se suspending would help economies reopen sooner. it would also save lives and point to the exceptional circumstances of the pandemic. and the fact that pharma companies have benefited from state help that's out taxpayer money. of course, those against say it would hamper innovation slow future responses to future pandemic. they also argue the wave is wouldn't solve production capacity issues and point out that some pharma companies are already selling their vaccines to poor countries at cost price. so is there a resolution to all this in sight? i'm joined by elizabeth my suitor. she's an advocacy official with doctors without borders at also by sandy douglas. he's a research group leader at jenny institute at the university of oxford. welcome to both of you. hello, elizabeth. if we can start with you, we got this vaccine in record time. would that have been possible without payments?
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i would say yes, it would have been possible because the pay, the vaccines have not yet been protected by the payments in the past year. it takes about 18 months for this protection to start and we saw that it wouldn't have been possible without the massive amount of public funding that has actually gone into the 15th. so yes, we say this could have been possible and therefore it should be a global public good because of all the public funding that i've had a gone into the 16th, we'll get to the funding in a moment sandy, what do you think? payton's, the tool that the drives innovation, i think in the case of our back up to the university also. i agree with elizabeth that would have been possible with hastens, although it may have been hard print on board after seneca or another pharmacy company. if they didn't see a future product where they have some protection, what about all that state money though that visible? mentioned, shouldn't the state then have a say in how this is all dealt with?
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yes, absolutely. and i know at the moment when blacks is being developed, funded by government funded by not for profit by the gate congregation, or which the culture preparatory paradigm initiative, all of these organizations will attach conditions to funding, which in many cases will prioritize access. but below and middle income countries. so in the case of the present oxy, the government had a very active site in what terms it was last and dr. seneca on the on that was not just about protecting the u. k. interest. there was also, i consideration of protecting access below middle income countries in that process . elizabeth, why is the economic giant germany so against waving paid and well, as mentioned before, there are a lot of maxine producers and pharmaceutical companies in germany who have the
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interest of protecting their i. p rights. so they are patients, for example, and biotech and cubic for example, to m r n a produces, which have interest and patient seeing those, but i would say the strings attached to the public money. but for example, germany has also invested in bio tech for example. all the u. s. that invested nearly 1000000000 dollars in more durn or for the r n d. and the spec seems they were not enough strings attached to the 16th. we want to see effect of conditions for affordability access and also tech transfer. attached to these to these fundings, because also in the case of separately, the sandy mentioned just now they were not strong enough conditioned as additions attached. so that separate could actually say they need to be a tech trans for now from the different entities that actually receive their funding. so we would want in the future that this would be kept in mind. we're obviously talking about exceptional circumstances here, but sending, let me check in with you. if these peyton's wavered would not be setting
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a dangerous president for, for how all of this works in the development of life saving drugs and drugs in general. well, i think that is a really complicated loan, somewhat ideological debate about box elizabeth and i might take different sites on that, but i think there's quite a different question which is much more immediate and practical which but what can be done now in the situation that we're in now to get as much as possible to as many people as possible as, as quickly as possible and person out of patience all the problem that you mention. but i'm a done a fed tova last year. they wouldn't enforce that passes but haven't made any difference. availability is i'm a doing a light product in low and middle income countries. i can agree on that one. no.
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because it's not for maxine, it's not early enough. i would agree. patients are not the only barrier, especially in the short term, but they are one of the barriers and for vaccines we need the waving of patients together with technology transfer and when we're there and says as a single company, they won't enforce that i p that is not the same as the need security that a global payton wave i would have about firstly. and secondly, if modern as being serious about making the technology and patients available, they would also do a technology transfer to low and middle income countries. we haven't seen this in the, in the pandemic thus far. and that's why we saying this is not. yeah, this is not going up, but i would agree that patients are not the only barrier that they're sandy. what, what else did you want to say that? i think that's the, the right folks on the technology transfer and having be involved in the licensing of the university of oxford vaccine and the discussion about how we do that. one of the things really, really tricky to think about how you all's,
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the company to transfer technology really quickly, because it's a lot of hard work. it comes at the expense of other things that company might be doing. it's how do you force a company to sort email today rather than in the morning, for example, is things like that that make it move quickly. it's quite easy to say you will technology transfer, but you know, it's really hard to make it happen very efficiently and very fast. i think also it's important to think about whether transferring technology to low country manufacturers is the best way to increase supply of a particular vaccine on a case by case basis. i think some back saying that all that is on for others, perhaps it's not elizabeth, how much hope you have with us getting behind this initiative? it's an historic move and it shows that ip is exactly, it's been recognized as a barrier to the scale up. so we need to payton waiving, we need the technology transfer and all technology,
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especially also m r. a should be taken into account because we need to end the pandemic. we need to have more vaccines available for more people to live and get out of this more quickly. so to from doctors without borders and sandy douglas from the jenna is the 2 things that both of you. thanks very much. thank you. and he's our science correspondent, derek williams, answering your questions on the corona virus call. people keep saying we don't know about possible long term effects of vaccines, which just sounds like soft vaccine skepticism. what are your views? oh, i think it's almost impossible to have a fruitful conversation about this topic because when someone says, yeah, but how do you know there won't be problems down the road? then that's sort of destined to turn into a pointless discussion as it's really any discussion that requires predicting the
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future. 100 percent. the problem is, in life and in the pandemic, we always have to make decisions about the future based on data that we've collected in the past. we have to choose our next moves based on what that data appears to tell us. it's not a perfect infallible system by any means, but it's the best one we have when it comes to decisions like whether or not to get vaccinated. so. so here's what the current data says about vaccines in general. and cobit bat seems in particular, both the c d c and the w h o. emphasize that the chances that vaccines could cause long term health problems are extremely low. because past experience with many, many different candidates for a wide range of diseases, overwhelmingly shows that when side effects do crop up and they do,
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they nearly always do so within a few days or weeks of vaccination. the biggest vaccine drive in history though, began many months ago, and hundreds of millions of cobra, 1900 doses have since been administered worldwide. the rollouts are being tracked with an eagle eye. authorities have detected a few possible serious vaccine side effects in some very rare cases, but nothing that indicates any wider trends. on the other hand, we have an absolute mountain of data on the potentially devastating long term side effects that getting covered 19 can cause being able to prevent them effectively is a huge advantage. so with the evidence saying the advantage so massively out ways,
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any known risk, why wouldn't i want to get vaccinated? i don't have to predict the future. it's use that the data says, it just makes sense. me say i'm benefits all and thanks for watching. stay safe, you know, again, the the the news, the news
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the news, the news, the many policies, not many minuses, apparently hydrogen is being sold and the clean, all rounded as the energy source of the future. many industries are very interested in the c o. 2 neutral fuel, but what potential this would really carry pico
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africa insects can destroy harvesting. but in molly, farmers don't have to rely on chemical pesticides. this tree offers an alternative . the name tree, a sustainable insecticide can be extracted from its fruit. what can farmers be convent to switch to organic messages? who's? oh, to do these places in europe are smashing all the records into a venture. just don't lose your grid. the treasure map for modern globe trotter's cover. some of us are record breaking
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on you to know also in book form, how does a virus spread? why do we panic by and when will all of this 3 the topics that we covered and i weekly radio if you would like any more information on the kroner virus or any other fines coughing, you should really check out our podcast. you can get it wherever you get your podcasts. you can also find us at ww dot com, forward slash science. ah, ah.
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the news . this is the w news from berlin, the mother of detained bella, ruffian, journalists, rum on. which appeals to international leaders to se percent. she's calling the world to stand up and help. st. louis in the forty's with post kill him. she says he's obviously been tortured since seeing hold off the furtive brian air flight on sunday. also coming up us secretary of state, anthony lincoln is holding cox in egypt as part of a middle east, tor aimed at showing up a ceasefire between israel and palestinian militant.


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