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the current or. former. drunken. car. industry is controlling your thoughts for the great books of the 20th century. present a hoax is. a recent memory. sure you are in store for me through all. of. this is news and these are top stories dozens of people have been killed and many critically injured in a stampede in northern israel local media reports say it happened when a grandstand collapsed at a religious gathering tens of thousands of ultra-orthodox jews had gathered at the foot of mount merapi one of israel's highest peaks for an all night prayer and
danced ceremony. results covered 19 death toll has surpassed the 400000 box this comes as the country struggles to secure enough vaccine doses brazil's president dire of course the narrowest currently under investigation by the senate to determine whether his administration has made the crisis worse. germany's highest court has ruled that climate protection laws don't go far enough to protect the future generations the ruling is considered a victory for environmentalists who argue that greenhouse gas reduction targets must go well beyond current legislation the court has given the german government until the end of next year to reform the bill. this is g.w. news from berlin you can get much more news on our website that's t w dot com. before
u.s. president biden delivered his 1st speech to congress last night history had already been made by hind him seated side by side the speaker of the house and the vice president the 2 people in line to become president should anything happen for the 1st time ever we're both women it wasn't making history but rather repeating history that the president warned about in his address last night america as the guarantor of freedom american jobs stopping climate change and even preserving democracy biden says it all depends on the united states staying ahead of its 21st century rival china i bring golf in berlin this is the day.
with. the future we also need to make a once in a generation investment. in our families and our children but it's time for corporate america and the wealthiest one percent rich that just began to pay their fair share our best future will not come from washington schemes or socialist dreams there's not a single penny nothing nothing beyond our capacity. we can do whatever we set our mind to if we do it together. also coming up joe biden sees his presidency as a once in a generation chance for america will he be a transformative president a 21st century franklin roosevelt it's a legacy that biden seems comfortable leaning on. when our democracy was tested franklin roosevelt reminded us in america we do our part we all do our part that's all i'm asking. and to our viewers on p.b.s.
in the united states and to all of you around the world welcome we begin the day reading president joe biden last night the u.s. president delivered his 1st address before a joint session of congress instead of a packed house pandemic restrictions meant the president had a captive audience of only 200 people and yet the moment retained that a mistake a bill or of a right of passage for new presidents biden's task last night convince congress and the country that his unprecedented legislative plans totaling 6 trillion dollars are worth every penny biden one of the most experienced new presidents in u.s. history relied on a familiar construct to execute his argument america's success in the 21st century as it had been in the 20th depends according to biden on an unwavering commitment to defeating freedom's nemesis in 1951 or 1981 that would have been the soviet
union in 2021 red is still the color but the challenger has changed to china we begin tonight on capitol hill. joe biden spent decades in the u.s. congress as a senator. he was back with an ambitious program that could see him becoming a transformational u.s. president. good to be back. he began by drawing attention to the historic fact the for the 1st time ever the 2 people behind him where women madam speaker. madam vice president. was a pleasure. as ever said goes well from this podium no president ever said those words. then a grim summary of his 1st 100 days combined with
a note of optimism 100 days since i took the oath of office i left in my hand off our family bible and heard of the nation we all did it was in crisis the worst pandemic of the century the worst economic crisis since the great depression . the worst attack on our democracy says the civil war now after just 100 days i can report to the nation america is on the move again thank you for being a wide ranging vision of jobs prosperity and a new big government with big spending plans biden said he would pay for it all with higher taxes on corporations and the super rich continuous cycle growth things worse $20000000.00 americans lost their job in the pandemic. working middle class americans at the same time. roughly 650000000000.
saw their net worth increase by more than one trillion dollars the same exact. my fellow americans trickle down trickle down economics has never worked this time to grow the economy from the bottom in the middle out. on international policy biden focused on adversaries russia and china linking america's ability to conquer them to the success of his domestic policy agenda. america's movie moving forward but we can't stop now. we're in competition with china and other countries to win the 21st century were great inflection point in history. the circumstances of biden's speech were unlike any previous presidential address members of congress were mosques and were seated apart because of condiment restrictions. but we have complete coverage
tonight with me tonight is a veteran of the obama campaigns julie is funded largely as knows president biden and vice president. he is now a campaign strategy consultant here in berlin also joining me is carly mitchell more she is on assignment in the state of texas to both of you it's good to have you with us julius let me start with you one of the spoils of being president is that you get to construct the narrative when you give a speech like this so let's dissect this a little bit as a european what did you hear as biden's main message last night. and he said america is on the move again and i thought he made a compelling case that you know he brought america back 1st of all of course shots and arms 220000000 shots into america's arms i thought that was a helpful you know just just market that he laid down the other thing of course is that no president in the history has ever created that many jobs in the 1st 100
days is office but as a european i think there was also a message in there that was still an america 1st message and we saw it over the last 100 days that joe biden of course has put america 1st i think we in here have also noticed. i want to stay here with the notion of foreign policy i want you to take a listen to what former u.s. president donald trump said about biden's foreign policy in particular his policy on china in an interview on fox news take a listen they're going to give our country away to china china will take over this country if they don't do something very quickly and they've been very very weak and china and we beat john so badly and then cover it came along and it was back to step one now as you know there are obviously problems with the truth there with what the former president is saying but despite that there are people who will not
buy biden's tough stance on china how do you keep how do you get through to those people. what on a he laid out a specific example in the 2nd part of the speech when he said i don't see why we should be producing wind turbines and why should we should actually purchase any of those wind turbines in china we can actually build them in texas or in pennsylvania or in west virginia and i thought that was a compelling case that he continued to say well we got a purchase in america but we also got to build an american i think the way to sell that is actually say this all has to do with american jobs and american infrastructure and we can't rely on the chinese anymore we've got to buy and purchase at home you know that sanctions to domestic policy and to you carlina biden last night called for an end to america's war on immigration so what's his solution to the crisis an american southern border.
indeed and he called to and that war on immigration here in the united states but he did not actually address the crisis here in the south and border the word to mexico and me instead called on congress to pass his immigration bill a bill that includes a path to citizenship for around 11000000 undocumented people and this issue of the felder border crisis has really overshadowed his 1st 100 days in office so people who were expecting to see him to address this incident that you travel today to atlanta tomorrow he is going to be and. not any of them to come to this hall and are guarded by now we have been talking to people here and for example help earth they had the president to address a more humane immigration policy that is exactly what he promised and also the ones who are not for immigration the ones who live here on the border who have this wall on their back yard they expect him to have a regulated lorem on immigration that means they're not against any grants that
they want to come in or regulated in a legal way let's take a look to the report today. coming to the u.s. border next to mexico and texas lately they have seen more and more immigrants arriving on the u.s. side many of them across their front yard and even knock on their door they come in asking for their. phones water food anything in any way that they could get help. it's scary because of the fact that one could get into problems. another one who we say we don't know who they are. once a week they get to the other side of the wall to the river fishing. the natural border between texas and mexico has been a tradition in their family for generations there. and a peaceful activity at a river that for many on the. the other side looks dangerous and life changing star
trek sim you know i'm in the. middle. with trump we saw less people crossing the border since by then they are more. my parents so they are from mexico so i do understand them and women but we just can't help it or we can't do anything for the young we're still pretty much. helping undocumented immigrants is against the law in the us helpers can even get a respite many of the people who cross the river are from central america they skate from life threatening situations are told where criminal activities are part of everyday life for many paying uk are you ready to get to the us is their only option close on the ground show where they crossed the river and response mark their path from here it's only a 5 to 10 minutes right across of the rio grande the river gets really narrow here this is why around 700
a meek rents cross the river from mexico to the united states seeking asylum every day specially during the night according to the u.s. customs and border protection this number is going to increase during the next month a huge challenge for president biden who has promised a more humane immigration policy. instead the streets in rome are packed with national guard state troopers and police officers thousands of immigrants have been arriving every month in a city of roughly 12000 residents the mayor is concerned he knows the number is most likely going to increase we're on their side as far as we understand why but at the same time we wish that there was a better way of better way for them to come across a more legal way and i think that's going to entail and aggression reform for a better policy because right now. open border type situation is not the safest for anybody and every day concern for people like the battle made
a family who know there is not an easy solution they just want freedom and to live without fear just like the ones who cross the border you know carly you're reported speaks to the fact that there have been killed this fruitless attempts by both republican and democratic presidents to reform immigration wall in the u.s. is there any reason to believe that it will be different with job i. the thing they need the republicans on the phone for that and about is exactly the problem the democrats as you know have a razor thin majority and the house of representatives they don't have a majority and that's and by the tie breaking vote vice president harry's so the question is how can you get republicans to support and day his immigration policies you made integration and that is a very difficult specially because as you know migration is not
a popular issue it divides people it invites american texans that that's what we have seen no anything and with a view to the to the midterm elections and this is of course not a popular not a good issue for joe biden to address. julius let me bring the spunk over here to us here in germany to climate change and i have to ask you about the green party could win big in the election here in germany in september the next german chancellor could be a 40 year old green party co-leader and she will have a lot in common in terms of policy with the 78 year old moderate. that's right and i mean i think it's remarkable to see what's happening over here in germany i mean for the 1st time in 16 years the name on the bells and i could be angela merkel again i mean there's exactly 150 days to go until german election day
and you mention the polls right now the greens are in the late i think there's still a lot of runway for the c.d.u. to continue to come back but at the same time you're absolutely right germany is facing some of the same issues to determine how to bring back the economy how to get ready for climate change i think what the green party has laid out so far is that they also want to spend big not just on the economy but also on green technology and green jobs and i think that's one path forward for both joe biden as he laid out yesterday but also for honestly not be able to in the green party yeah i think we can say it's not the job i would have no problems with having a green government here in germany julius randle are here in berlin an entirely new turmoil correspondent in texas tonight to both of you thank you for well as i said one of the spoils of being president is getting to set the narrative my next guest is a veteran in decipher dissecting presidential and political narratives frank sesno
is a former white house correspondent and former c.n.n. washington bureau chief he is now with the school of media and public affairs at george washington university frank it's good to see you again it's good to have you on the show again what about this president last night he presented his blue collar blueprint for 21st century america he obviously has supreme speechwriters does he have a message to ensure that his plans become law. well i didn't plan to be sure that they're going to become law because they have to get through that 5050 senate and plenty of other hurdles but that he's got the plans at all and that he's articulating them in this way as you indicated is a very very good feel joe biden in 100 days has carved out a narrative around his president that is as every bit as ambitious as l.b.j. or franklin roosevelt before him you know i covered he mentioned i was a white house correspondent i covered ronald reagan i mean time remember when
ronald reagan brought the republican revolution and the reagan revolution to washington he remade washington in a conservative in which and he affected generations of presidencies after that such that when bill clinton was president he famously stood before that same congress for bing was last night on new day when it was full and he said the era of big government is over a democrat bill clinton said last night joe biden said the opposite 6 trillion dollars of federal spending in his various packages that have either been passed $1.00 trillion passed or envisioned a role for the federal government that no democrat has really dared speak certainly from that since the time of lyndon johnson and so this is a very very dramatically different time and though joe biden is speaking softly he's carrying a very big government stick and i think everybody is still coming to terms with this yeah and you know he's being compared to what they'll be jay and with f.d.r.
but based on what you're saying it sounds like maybe he's becoming i mean he may not want to get this label but he's becoming the anti ronald reagan is that correct. you know in some ways because what reagan did and what and the way he influenced the party and even in some ways through donald trump although trump departed very dramatically from much of reagan style with the republican party since the time of reagan has been a government is the problem party that's what reagan himself famously said in one of his state of the union addresses to congress government isn't the solution to your problems government is the problem but joe biden is saying very clearly whether it's climate change or infrastructure or education which in the united states is a hyper local issue whether it's a minimum wage whether it's education which he proposes to almost you know overhaul
the government not only can make a difference but should make a difference so it's a it's a it's a it is the anti reagan position you know we've had candidates who've run away from the l. word liberal or of not one of the rest of us because of this the growth of the conservative movement started with great maybe by no change that we'll see is his poll numbers aren't overwhelming but they're still there solid and they're in the you know in in positive territory and see a little bit about foreign policy the threat from china was the president in last night's speeds and the mega narrative if you will was the cold war and do you agree with that i mean we're we getting hints of another cold war. well i think what what biden is trying to do and trump did it in his own way before that is to say that china is the 21st century finger in trunks were threat or
enemy and biden's word competitor or adversary so biden tones the volume down them the temperature down a little bit but his is fundamental narrative is the same china is who we need to worry about whether it's the south china sea whether it's taiwan whether it's climate change whether it's economic competition whether it's espionage so yes i think that we've got china and as the training device of where the competition law is and what biden was saying very directly last night is that you know the money that he wants to spend in infrastructure on climate change is jobs and is a way to counter china's influence so it's it's going to be interesting to see whether that is galvanizing force that he needs you know this is not the cold the cold war really drove policy and that's and weaved it was said that you know public at politics stops at the water's edge both parties agreeing to about how to go
after the cold war they don't about how to go after china. all right frank sesno as always frank it's good to get your insights we appreciate your time tonight for example joining us tonight from washington d.c. thank you for thank you. when joe biden moved into the white house last january he had a portrait of president franklin delano roosevelt placed prominently in the oval office in the last few weeks washington d.c. has begun comparing president biden to f.d.r. president roosevelt is best known for the new deal dozens of government agencies including social security established in 1933 to lift the u.s. out of the great depression the new deal transformed america reengineering the relationship between the people and the government and it was a product of f.d.r.'s 1st 100 days in office last night president biden talented
his own new deals 19 relief modernizing infrastructure and boosting america's middle class with investments in education and childcare the total price tag $6.00 trillion dollars a story and say this easily surpasses the cause of the programs f.d.r. put into place in his 1st $100.00 days so are we witnessing a new transformational president at work well what we can see is a president trying to redefine the role of the state in the wives of its citizens and there isn't historical evidence flow that biden is tapping into it is 1961 inauguration speech president john f. kennedy described the government as an ally of the people an ally the people who should gladly serve take a listen and oh my fellow america. not. what your country can do for you and what you can do for your country
are up a partnership between the people and their government 20 years later another president ronald reagan began the official dismantling of that partnership you know this is the line that we remember most from reagan's inauguration speech in 1981 government is not the solution to our problem government is the problem. i am a government arabs problem for the next 40 years republicans and democrats would trade 10 years at the white house but this paradigm stuck it had various names such as small government or trickle down economics the belief that tax breaks for the wealthy would free up capital and that entrepreneurs would then create new jobs been a fitting or trickling down to the middle class and the poor in 2021 the middle class
is smaller the gap between rich and poor wider and this is where president by comes in my fellow americans. trickle down trickle down economics is never were there is time to grow the economy from the bottom in the middle out. ala'a whether biden will transform america like the 21st century f.d.r. that remains to be seen we do know this joe biden the oldest of presidents in bodies a notion of governance that is completely foreign to america's youth the idea that the government is an ally of the public that the government can be should be part of the solution not the problem. well the day is almost gone but the governor say shoot it continues online you'll find us on twitter either at the news or you can
from europe. on. crypto currency is full then just an experiment. and it is a. counseling commodity. now just spit cowen and co wired. how do you use it and how secure is a batch well money made in germany. 60 minutes on d w. 3 up to date don't miss our highlights. program online w dot com part. india's coronavirus crisis i d w e
n u special will look at the dramatic situation and and and the impact on the triple mutation on the country how can the rest of the world how what can be done for the people and how can india bring the situation under control a special edition of d w news on the coronavirus crisis in india starts today at 11 u.t.c. on d w. 6. hello and welcome to focus on europe i'm liable it's nice to be back many of us are it's going to travel. again but the pandemic still poses huge challenges some travel agencies have found
a nice market and are luring tourists to moscow for vaccine getaways the all inclusive deals offer luxury with a dose of russia's own sputnik the shot sightseeing at the red square isn't the only main attraction for their customers well they include this couple from germany heinz gary pinker nell and his wife catch your harmes she was born in russia and longs to travel again and see her family but germany's vaccine program prioritizes the elderly and at risk groups which means they'll have to wait their turn for profit companies are now solving this problem with a vaccine tourism but should money allow people to jump the queue for some it's a no brainer. liftoff on the journey to immunity. at frankfurt airport hinds get pink and his wife are setting off for an unusual
type of vacation after months of searching for ways to get vaccinated abroad they're off to moscow a round trip package complete with the sputnik the shot. come on the stuff we can't assume that will get vaccinated any time soon in germany to be honest but the more people that are vaccinated the faster will achieve herd immunity so if there's the option of getting vaccinated in moscow then that just makes sense since the last. thing the norwegian travel operator is waiting for the guests from germany on arrival most of them have booked the cove aid package it includes a tourist visa a stay in moscow and the vaccination all for just under 2000 euros 50 germans are taking part in the 1st of these trips and there's a lot of media hype including from russian state t.v. with him for. it but i feel like we're being stalked by my lawyer and sometimes when i deal we work on the tracks a lot of media buzz this can happen and there's
a lot it's not quite at this level but. i'm not political about this i'm not a criminal critic or criminal supporter or maybe i'm fairly neutral as long as i get my vaccine up and that's a great result. but russian authorities seem to have their own goals in mind the so-called all russia peoples front a political organization headed by president vladimir putin himself has been providing visa support for the tour operator world visitor no 200 years before such p.r. for russia but what's the problem. sputnik the has become russia's calling card around the world even its name is a clear nod to soviet victories during the space race the vaccine has been approved . in over 60 countries worldwide that despite questions about early trial data for the job since the vaccine rollout kicked off in december bloody near putin has been personally promoting sputnik v.
and presenting russia as a scientific superpower. you said from the start and now it's been shown in practice as well the russian vaccine is the best in the world. but people in russia are still skeptical here the vaccination campaign has been slow covert restrictions have been lifted almost entirely leaving little incentive for people to get the job one survey says nearly 2 thirds plan to steer clear of sputnik he. doesn't share their doubts on the day of his vaccination politics is far from his mind i guess i was there for i actually have a needle phobia. sputnik v. has yet to be approved in the e.u. . and his wife are glad that they could afford to travel for the job. i'm going to it's a nice feeling to know that this worked out. and i honestly don't really care if it's been approved in europe for me it's simple i've been vaccinated now and i feel
safe with the study so for a show on it's effective. and now we're looking forward to maybe being able to travel again in the future. now freshly vaccinated it's time for some sightseeing in russia the pandemic almost seems like a far off memory even if some experts warn a 3rd covert wave could already be underway here in her home country is enjoying freedoms she's been missing in germany. i'm proud of my country and i feel great. in germany i've lost this sense of freedom of strolling calmly down the street without a mask. restaurants traveling it's wonderful which is just. as much chance of. them and the fight in germany it's been a constant roller coaster ride but you never know what's next. political you can
tell that the politicians and decision makers are just floundering helplessly and it makes you feel helpless as well if you listened on and at the same time it also forces you to take on personal responsibility and book a trip like this one for instance on one side how about you've got to cry by the fog or folks who run in a bunch of us we're going to have to be. a controversial opinion perhaps but according to the tourist agency hundreds of germans have already booked their own vaccination trips to moscow sputnik the would almost be a luxury item if it weren't so unpopular here at home. scotland is a place with a rich and unique cultural identity some believe the country should be independent from the united kingdom it's a view held by the ruling scottish nationalist party they want to return to the european union after brags that force them out if they can expand their majority in
upcoming elections they are promising a new referendum on independence but the countries are strongly intertwined and some who were once for scottish independence were split could throw their lives off kilter. another windy day in scotland as always how we nickels be a 2nd generation kilt maker cycles to work in the traditional scottish men's garment he enjoys a 30 kilometer coastal ride near the 1st of 4th s.q. very just north of edinburgh i feel scottish 1st you are who you are from where you're born and the society of a. sculpture society is different from english welsh and irish society we have i don't care what your music language art history that's what makes our culture. how his father taught him how to make kilts decades ago. these days how he designs and sells the traditional scottish clothing items around the
world the e.u. is a key market for him. 7 and a half metres of fabric are needed to make a single kilt about how much material is a man's. how he voted in favor of scottish independence in the $24000.00 referendum he does still believe scotland should be an autonomous country but bracks it and the pandemic have given him doubts he thinks independence could be risky device in society and even his family is becoming sensitive again. disharmony created within a family unit spread right across the whole of scotland and into england we head to the capital and seat of the scottish parliament in edinburgh to see what people think about independence many here tell us they'd be happy to leave britain. the home of us it's
a great assets and i think throughout this well interestingly specially in edinburgh in the capital there's been a real community feel. in your shit so i think that that will be to the benefit of our country i think scotland is a lot more liberal as a country rather than england and those choices. we can make in our making aren't really and you know have to get onto westminster for approval which is that we get others meanwhile feel that after the bracks turmoil scotland needs to let the dust settle i think she said the union i think. i didn't want bracks and that has been. you know an absolute nightmare so why would you want to break up the union as you know hundreds and hundreds of years i think it would cost a lot of money i think it would be terrible for the economy and i don't think scotland can afford to be independent we have devolved parliament we have taxation powers they have quite a lot of power so i don't see what else we want. many scots living near the anglo
scottish border some 100 kilometers south of edinburgh or oppose the idea of independence john elliott's cattle farm overlooks the chevy had hills that straddle the border. many people here work and shop over in england. we're aware that. that if there was any trade barriers are very very difficult in this area because at the moment a lot of the communities are integrated between england and scotland in this area and i think that. would be a shame with those any sort of body or between between the 2 john elliott runs the farm together with his father. they sell aberdeen angus cattle for breeding to the e.u. and elsewhere. so international trade is important but to them keeping scotland in britain is even more important. i personally voted in the
e.u. referendum to remain within europe but i think of us asked the question why would i want to go through it all again and to try and achieve to get back into europe i think my answer would be no i think um i think the union at the moment seems to be doing ok we've had a lot of the pain and go through it. helped make or how we nichols he has thought long and hard about the possible economic consequences of scottish independence and he thinks independents will have to wait for now i only want an independent scotland that is good for scotland and the scottish people and it feels too much but it's politicians and politics and party rivalry as opposed to thinking on a business level and strategy imply of how was actually going to work. the drive for independence will continue to impact scots like how we nickleby and
his family and brags it has only served to stoke the fire. 30 years ago the yugoslav wars broke out in europe more than 100000 people were killed in the decade that followed well the scars of the war are still visible ruins serve as a reminder of the conflict that tore through the balkans one artist in serbia is using the debris to heal the wounds of the past his childhood was marred with the sounds of destruction but he's working through the trauma with the help of a secret weapon. tracking military scrap for its acoustic properties. serbian artist nicholas zora is staring a junkyard for old guns i mean ition and army equipment from the yugoslav wars one day he hopes to find time in his studio in the city of novi sad notes or turns old
army equipment into musical instruments guitars built using helmets and kalashnikov rifles. and string instruments like this cello made from canisters and grenade launchers. that part of their god i don't really have a favorite instrument but this cello means a lot to me produces a fabulous sound it's the best instrument i've made from an acoustic standpoint. nicolo once the so-called bumper foam made from a grenade launcher and helmet to sound like a saxophone just shoot us through it all it does make a few sounds but not many and they're not very clean. most of it need at least a pentatonic scale so i can improvise. that's the direction we will take bomba phone. nicolo has found another grenade launcher that will be ideal for building a new even better bomb von. but it's got to be built 1st i need to properly
clean the cheap remove the old layer of paint and give it a new one not a military color i need to add finger holes to of the court will only be able to tell if it's any good when we have the mouthpiece and blow out the wrong. cellist militar spirit tunes the grenade launcher cello. she advised on crafting the instrument. like the other musicians supports nikolaus art project i was one of them in the premier sacha i was still very young during the war i remember nato bombs coming down and serbia those are grim memories but this project shows that we can transform ugly objects and grandmother ends into something positive. an impressive channel like sound. considering this instrument only has 3 not
4 strings and a body made of metal rather than what. nickel are searching another military scrap yard for salvageable objects this one's even larger than the 1st. he says many german and polish collectors come here to buy war relics. unfortunately nicholas still hasn't come across the tank or the mint because an accord with the i won't give up hope keep searching maybe i'll stumble across a tank somewhere that you converted into a joint percussion instrument and install it outside somewhere because you know that. the day of the trial concert with one guitar player husband shown up. so we get to play the reimagined kalashnikov rifle.