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tv   Corona Spezial  Deutsche Welle  April 30, 2021 12:30am-1:01am CEST

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i even got white hair from. learning that german language helped me a lot this gets me a bit opportunity to interact with the say you want to do their story in the light providing and reliable information for margaret. maybe it's a pill. or a spray. a liquid medicine. and easy and safe treatment to target sars cover to. it would be given immediately after diagnosis ideally it's available over the counter in a pharmacy a cheaper antiviral tablet with bearable side effects we have fraxinus we even have drugs that help with the most serious symptoms of covert 19. in the hunt for drugs scientists are exploring many different treatments. but where are we in the search
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for a pill. good question welcome to arco benighted special i want to johnsonville and good to have you with us and wouldn't it be wonderful if we could just pop a pill and covert 19 would be nothing more than a nasty cold science is working on a variety of therapies but it's somewhat slow going. how do you switch off the coronavirus render it harmless german scientists co-write therapeutics set themselves this task a year ago 12 months later they seem to have achieved their goal. most drugs currently in development target mild cases of covert 1000 illnesses. are drug is special a designed to cure serious illnesses as well. as. their research and initial clinical tests which have been running for a few days were primarily financed by private investors and government funding from
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the state of lower saxony. but now the company needs more funding. to deal of course we want to be ready to meet market needs and our goal is to get the emergency approval by the end of the year. then we would have to produce in sufficient scale that we can supply patients with the necessary medication. currently the german government offers funding of $50000000.00 euros which is split between several companies. this compares with over 740000000 euros in funding for vaccine research. we need tens of thousands of volunteers for testing that's what costs a lot of money and where you simply need larger sums. when you vaccinate healthy people you need a lot more healthy people then when you are testing a drug that is targeted at the sick. recently however the
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federal government appears to have rethought the issue and further funds have already been announced. we lost many many months because the financial resources were simply not available for the drug developers we can no longer afford to keep wasting time and. cora therapeutics says it needs 50000000 euros to reach the emergency approval stage german government funds won't be enough for this so the biotech start up has been speaking to international investors. now antiviral treatments attack the virus and stop it multiplying but the virus doesn't fight fair using our own cells to reproduce and finding a treatment is difficult at the best of times let alone during a pandemic. so far the only antiviral drug approved for the treatment of covert 19 in germany is rendez severe studies show a 33 percent reduction in the duration of the illness. there are other treatments
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being developed. american pharmaceutical giant marc is working on a similar drug called new pair of air and pfizer has also started human tests on an antiviral drug. if the immune system overreacts in a later phase of the disease steroids such as dex a method zone come into play if the cortisone the curbs the immune system in germany to fix the method zone is used in severe cases it is when the patient receives additional oxygen. there are also preparations for antibody treatment which helps prevent symptomatic infection to drugs from us pharma giants were general health former us president donald trump. antibodies are also found in the blood plasma of recovered covert 900 patients there affected pans on the severity of the illness and how long ago it was germany's public health body the robert cock institute says deployment in severe
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cases is possible. yet i'm still going on is a senior id physician of the department of infectious diseases and respiratory medicines at university in berlin as a very good to have you with us especially because you are now offering the use of monoclonal antibodies in short in a b. or mab in the so-called map outpatient clinic in berlin what exactly does this therapy offer. well we offer treatment with one of the 2 a bale of mono clone an antibody product and the mono clone are buddies taga s. protein off the osiris cough to virus and they have a potential to prevent. the progression to a c.v. a disease and symptoms and yet limit the progress in patients with
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mild to moderate cold d.c.s. particularly we know that in those who have not developed yet and. indigenous antibody response we know that there is potential that these patients benefit from this kind of therapy and who are these patients that are actually illegible to benefit from it is it available to everyone. well. there are some criteria which we look at too. and in the right patients. we look for patients who have new or positive tests so we. need to. test p.c. our reside which is not order then 72 hours. to provide. that security that we only treat patients in the early course of infection. and
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we look for certain risk factors in the patients. which are for example age or immuno. suppression for example are purely patients who are on to shimon therapy because of. the cancer. patients who are are going to transplant patients and therefore immunosuppression are candidates for the treat men and other patients for example who have received medication or just quadri took similar patients who suffer off aids are candida. people with down's syndrome are patients kidney. failure patients patients on chronic him or die this is patients with obesity it with the.
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elevated body mass index over 35 and you probably have to probably you probably need to go to your own g.p. and basically prove that you are one of those patients who who actually can get to this kind of treatment but could this therapy also help prevent an infection. well there are some. preliminary results showing that it could prevent infection but the results from randomized controlled trials are not published yet so we do not use it as a prevent shoot that say as opposed to exposure prophylaxis when you assume infection so we so far only use it for patients with a provan infection in which we use their p.c. our results are. now of course i have to remind you that we're all dreaming of
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a simple cure as we said at the beginning of the program a pill a spray something like that to help us through infection how realistic is that notion. oh well of course that's what we are dream. so we do not agree have anything read the clothes coming up closely for example just a pill of course as the trials going on and we're looking for treatment options but so far there is no serious pill for example. which we can hope to be the future easy treatment of this document from the sharia to england thank you so much. let's get back now to the root off our troubles and that of course is the virus and its variants time to hand over to eric. is it possible that the same variants arose independently without travel in
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different places. the answer to this touches on one of my favorite evolutionary concepts called convergence it's basically the idea that when different species face similar environmental pressures in different places then nature can come up with remarkably similar solutions to cope with them a good example of convergence is for instance the the protective spines that are embedded in the skin of both porcupines and hedgehogs the trait didn't arise just once in a common ancestor and then get passed down it evolved independently in both species because a spiny outside is clearly a good defense against predators if you're small and slow and just want to be left in peace the ija leaves and then sets viral genomes also change
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constantly and it happens a lot faster than with animals because by iris as replicate so quickly and abundantly the vast majority of those changes will be neutral or even harmful but a tiny number of them will give a virus an advantage for example a mutated gene might change the spike proteins on its surface in ways that allow the virus to slip into cells more easily and because the source code be to genome is is actually pretty small the chances of specific identical mutations like that occurring in different places at different times. this is actually fairly high so we are seeing some of this sort of genetic convergence but because variants also collect many other highly individual mutations as they evolve
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genetic sequencing still allows us to tell them apart. there it williams there and he'll be back again tomorrow to answer more of your questions just post them on our colleague 19 you tube channel for now that's all for this edition of out of the 19 special thanks for watching. how the virus spread. why do we panic and when will all this. just through the text and we couldn't read your heart. if you would like any information on the crown of virus or any other science topic you should really check out our podcast you can get it wherever you get your pockets you can also find us at dot com and slash science.
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news. first group took it over now live from shit out of us as we are now. in support of. what's able. to deliver. much in being born as. your ally can prove that. you want to look the new school. you want to use it on the love to. when you're sick the doctors. when you fall in love they won't mind you don't have children for fear they'll be invisible to. you wish you. have knows. when you die there's no words just. every 10 minutes.
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someone says. 10000000 people in the world this think they have no nationality and are told they don't belong and. that everyone has the right. everyone has the right to say. hello and greetings from the german capital where the city's already superlative museum landscape regains yet another masterpiece. after 5 years of renovations work on the undead or designed. in berlin is complete the building will open this summer and i'll be speaking to the architect david chipperfield who oversaw the project. and to get your blood flowing in order all of international dance day we met up with instagram sensations something. out.
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of the importance of berlin's noir nuts and i can hardly be understated it's a veritable icon of modernist architecture designed and built by a giant of that period german american architect livest nice funda who are as such it's a cultural landmark not only for the city but in the history of architecture itself and the story of its return to splendor the feat of engineering that it entails is certainly one with telly. after more than 5 years the renovation of bourbons noir now is finally complete and for now the famous and iconic museum designed by good brick meets found of or can be admired in its simplest form as a temper of light on the surface not much seems to have changed. or not often hard and sometimes of openness this hole is
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a unique structure no other museum in the world is like it that was one reason to preserve it of course we stuffed lots of technical equipment into the ceiling where it can't be seen the guiding principle for the renovation was as much as possible. was found a home the german born american joint of modern architecture he was commissioned to design the new museum in the early 1960 s. . $1200.00 metric tons of steel were welded together on sites into one piece to form the roof. jacks lifted it into place the top 8 pillars a masterpiece of engineering that still causes jaws drop. it was the last meat found a building to be completed the crowning glory of his career these goods produced.
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the noir knights now camry opened in 1988 and became a cultural landmark 1st of west berlin and then of the reunified berlin. it hosted one spectacular exhibition after another and maintained its own mcness in collection of 20th century art but nearly 50 years on it was clear the buildings technology was hopelessly obsolete comprehensive whenever they should it was. british architect david chipperfield was a fan before he took on the renovation job. uncompromising piece of architecture was quite shocked at. the presence of governments being very identifiable compensable your everybody can understand how this works the contract for the noir next now calories renovation was an immense undertaking 14000 granite plates had to be removed restored and really installed the entire structure was
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completely stripped down it was meticulously inventoried and later reassembled like a vast puzzle. cleared of unnecessary intrusions meese fund of hers stock concept is now restored. so it's forma minimalistic laurie. david tipper field is certainly well known here in berlin for his refurbishment of the noir museum or new museum and recent completion of the james simon gallery on the city's newseum i lent his refresh of the noir that's when i got levy is a triumph for the capital marked by a symbolic handover of the keys on thursday and earlier today i spoke to mr tipper field and i asked him to explain in his own words just why this building is such an icon. what its reputation is is both. a
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major. cultural building in berlin. especially as it was you know. 26th it was part of rebuilding in especially west berlin and trying to do is we're reinventing city which had lost all of its cultural. monuments to the east side so it it took on a huge responsibility within the city and but in the history of architecture it's also identified as one of mrs great work so the building carried sees. this importance both in terms of its situation and also in that situation it is your doctor. now you've spoken about the structure as as being radical and uncompromising what was it like for you as an architect to actually take on such a building and walk in the footsteps of
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a giant like. me found out or. were lucky we didn't really have to walk in his footsteps we just had to sort of. cover up something or you know deal with looking after this incredible thing which he had made. and you know our responsibility in task was pretty straightforward and in the in general terms was to rip repair it and bring it back to what the architects intended it to be and and that it had been at some point. and of course. that is a on the face of it a simple task but michael simple tosses it was actually it's quite complicated. and that complication is to do with issues of repair which you know if things have broken sometimes this at least for them break from say but to solve the initial reason as well as putting things back so there's a lot of diagnosis and there's
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a lot of collaboration required i mean that's why these projects are interesting because this is not. as architects we are not the genius the genius was was nice but our skill has to be in finding good solutions between the technical ones is that it wants and in of course staying as close as we possibly can to the original project i'm just wondering after energy efficiency of course wasn't really a topic at the time of that construction in the 1960 s. that more sustainable since the renovation well you're absolutely right the building it was a very idealistic building and nice its work is very reduced in stripped down to very elemental components which is why it's so beautiful and quite unusual in that in architecture that period on the other hand that held approach did create
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moments such. technical weaknesses so. the window frames work were not designed to deal with that some of the ships brought in. and that was a lot of the problem of the the building it was certainly the temple and we had to resolve them we had to result up between you know on the one hand protecting the integrity of the region resigned and at the same time resolving to within within stunned boundaries we booked you know the thermal issues that you talk about ok i'd just like to ask i mean obviously no other architect has really left such a mark on historic but when i did it does your relationship with this city change in any way with each of these projects. well that's a very generous thing to say i'm not quite sure it's true i think there's quite a few other art it is without the big influence that meet that. i'm happy to
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be associated with but i mean that as my office is also i'm going to we've been there for quite a few years now and i have a very. wonderful team of partners in architects there who have maybe you know taken these projects of noise museum james simon national gallery you know these are. the things that we love to do we've we've been working on. this process since 1907 and it's it's wonderful to be part of this incredible story of this incredible city and i and that's when i got of a will open to visitors of course in august fittingly with an exhibition of american modernist sculpture alexander called a congratulations again david to profiled on this achievement and thanks so much for speaking with me today thank you very much. and a bit of
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a change of pace now and dancing is so good for you that you really don't need much of an excuse a tall to do it but international dance day on april 29th is perhaps the best reason of all to let go and boogie around the kitchen gates started out as a street performer in paris and he's been called the next best thing in dance after michael jackson so check out some of these moves for your inspiration. sonny is on the show in paris his special is the movie which was michael jackson's great move back in the 1980s son is gay has even done stood in the loop in paris. i still remember watching michael jackson's music video bad when i was 3 years old it for me it was more exciting than a cartoon i was absolutely fascinated by. michael jackson has been copied
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by many but never with as much success as the 24 year old frenchman with senegalese roots from a paris suburb. posted this video in october 28th and now has received more than 10000000 clicks on instagram. now so the past 2300000 followers including the american wrestling and movie star. he's also done for serbian tennis player novak djokovic. so now works as a model he even designs his own sneakers for a french fashion label by now he is well known in paris where people approach him regularly nowadays salish gave makes good money with his various activities he even has a manager at the days when he don't for money on the streets of paris all known.
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well i once lost my phone to dance to buy a new one. so carbon one day there's 200 euros taken and bought a new phone with the money. i paid with the one i'm going to euro coins the salesman was really surprised. enjoys hanging with his friends that condones almost as well as he can but having the same success. i'm very grateful to them. spending time with him does me good in them what he gives me an hour with makes me stronger with what astri is the school of life for me to warm up all the more i became an artist. for money some of it is one they can see on the internet but also experience up close on the story for free. and that kind of performance is certainly all the more appreciated in times like
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these when outside is of course the place to be to enjoy a bit of culture but if the weather's bad i can highly recommend getting down in your own kitchen so why not try that tonight after dinner that's all for today but i do hope to see you next time and until then all the best from us here in berlin and stay safe a few doesn't. enjoy the conflicts with seroquel and last year germany was seen as a role model in fighting the coronavirus pandemic now a 3rd wave is hitting the country hard america's party is slipping ahead of september elections as germany prepares to move on from merkel even wants to see if she leaves her party and her country my guest this week is your good heart spokesperson for the conservative parliamentary for. the. truth. and to make sure the opinion is
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a clear position some international perspective smog it's the ultimate covert catastrophe soaring infections market most at breaking point a death rate that keeps shattering records are missteps by the government to blame coronavirus in india out of control that's our top they come to the point to point blame the be done to us on d w. are you ready for some great news i'm christine one glass on the eye on the edge of my country with a brand new do wus offer go to show that tackles the issues shaping the conscience of the car with more time to off on him to still talk to all of the crime stuff up talk to you what's making the hittites and what's behind it way on the streets to give you in-depth reports on the inside. w. news and for going to every friday on g.w. . cutting through the noise. where i come from people are known
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for being tough but fair new york can be loud and people tell it like it it is but they call it the concrete jungle the melting pot the city that never sleeps it's this energy that makes it feel like old but amid the hustle it's important to listen and pay attention because it's not just the loudest voices who needs to be heard we all have a story to tell but i see it as my job as a journalist to go beyond the obvious now i'm basing your a mum and my work takes me around the world from my instincts for me in the state to tell the important stories behind the headlines what is the heart of the story why does it matter who lived in homs what you have to stay focused if you want us to cut through the noise to get to the truth. my name is sarah kelly and i wanted to double.
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this is d w news live from berlin brazil becomes the 2nd country to officially cost 400002 cope with 19 deaths experts warn the daily death toll could remain high for months as the country heads towards winter hospitals are operating at or near capacity to some areas have loosened restrictions also coming up. after $100.00 days in office joe biden's 1st speech to congress as president office his vision for the u.s. including its borders calls for an end to what he.


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