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tv   Made in Germany  Deutsche Welle  April 29, 2021 7:03pm-7:31pm CEST

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you must ensure that the path to the climate neutrality is made irreversible. built with the green party reading strongly in the polls and the elections nearing in september it could be more directly involved in rewriting the law. in the next legislative period we will do everything in our power to ensure that we follow the paris accord that we strengthen the climate protection law and that we launch a program that will have an immediate impact in the next few years. environmental groups including greenpeace and fridays for future back to legal challenge for them and 1st a few bucks in this ruling is a 1st important step in the right direction. so let's talk to our feliks a. lawyer who brought one of the cases the court ruled on today a welcome to d.w.p. professor you described today's verdict as groundbreaking for germany why.
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well it is actually groundbreaking and this is the 1st ruling where the german federal constitutional court ruled in favor i'm not against protection it's paris climate time to get the. pre-industrial levels. not only legally binding international law but also finding from that perspective a fundamental right constitutional law it is unconstitutional according to the constitution of. all. if they follow the established. and so one of the this is being. told. the court said that this law does not protect future generations sufficiently it sounds odd for a court now to be to make rulings about some future generations who may or may not
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coming to be. well. public policy and politics in general is about balancing different spheres of freedom and this is also true regarding planning policy it is. the freedom of enterprise and consumer on the one hand and. these freedoms with the elements there are conditions of freedom. of people which are highly encroaching in danger due to climate change and of course there is democratic lead based balance. but no means it is allowed to put a very vital basis of this democratic balancing at risk and this is going to happen if we follow established so of course there are also human rights aspects that are relevant to all future generations because once they're gone
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they're clearly entitled to. these human rights and so we're not we're not allowed to destroy the by the basis of this right. and so if this binding on the german government could look at this and say ok that's very interesting i will get around to it. well constitutional court's rulings in germany clearly binding. the german politicians have to develop a new way in order to be in accordance with the paris targets. tarion majority of the elections will have to find new concepts in terms of trying to take this will probably be also relevant for other countries because german federal constitutional court is a highly can 'd recognize also in other countries as far as i can see i'm sure to
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future generations of thank you for your efforts and i thank you for joining us professor professor felix. now u.s. president joe biden has set a plan for what he said was a once in a generation investment in america in his 1st speech to congress as president mr biden outlined proposals for massive investments in infrastructure and said the country had to reassert its place in the world by showing adversary is that democracy still works. joe biden spent decades in the u.s. congress as a senator. he was back with an ambitious program that could see him becoming a transformational u.s. president. would be back. he began by drawing attention to the historic fact that for the 1st time ever the 2 people behind him where women madame speaker madame vice president.
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thank you president. has never said those words from this podium no president ever said those words. then a grim summary of his 1st 100 days combined with a note of optimism 100 days since i took the oath of office and left in my hand off our family bible and heritage nation we all did it was in crisis the worst pandemic of the century the worst economic crisis since the great depression the worst attack on our democracy since the civil war now after just 100 days i can report to the nation america is the move again thank you for being a wide ranging vision of jobs prosperity and a new era of big government with big spending plans biden said he would pay for it
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all with higher taxes on corporations and the super rich. continuous cycle growth is worse. 20000000 americans lost their job in a pandemic working middle class americans at the same time roughly 650000000000. saw their net worth increased by more than one trillion dollars in the same exact. my fellow americans trickle down trickle down economics has never worked this time to grow the economy from the bottom in the middle out. on international policy biden focus on adversaries russia and china linking america's ability to conjure them to the success of his domestic policy agenda. america's movie. moving forward but we can't stop now. we're in competition with china and other countries to win the 21st century were the great inflection point in history. the circumstances of biden's
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speech where on like any previous presidential address members of congress were mosques and were seated apart because of pandemic restrictions. and so india and residents of indian state of west bank goal have gone to the polls despite the deepening covert 19 crisis with a health care system near collapse and hospitals without enough oxygen for the 2nd patients the virus is now spreading across india faster than in any other global hot spot. a woman begs. she pleads. as she tries to find oxygen for her desperately sick mother. if i don't know about it i didn't get it my mother is very seriously ill and for the past 2 days i've been trying to get a bed in so many hospitals in delhi and. across india oxygen is still in
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desperately short supply. in the capital daily volunteers from the sikh community have set up an oxygen center in a car park. good lord people are suffering as begging for oxygen we arranged for cylinders from anywhere we could we stood in queues for whole nights and sometimes got beaten up by the police. or. russia is the latest country to join an international relief effort. actually that has been quite an all pouring off i would see. india or putting off. from various countries over 40 countries have actually committed to provide us with many of the items that we need most urgently. india is the world's biggest producer of vaccines. but these 2 are lacking as people
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scramble to get their shot. i still believe in the suffering. was. there that. despite all this millions have been voting in the state of west bengal the infection rate there is the highest since the pandemic began. political parties have been criticized for holding crowded election rallies just when india is recording the deadliest days so far for any country during the pandemic whatever . the former germany international footballer christophe metz out there has been given a 10 month suspended sentence for distributing child pornography he admitted most of the charges at the start of his trial. a walk of shame for one of germany's
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former top soccer stars as he arrives at court. the fall from grace has been complete his reputation in tatters the charges against him serious. the defendant is accused of $29.00 cases of sharing images of child pornography. he's also accused of having child and youth pornography in his possession. just as quickly as the trial started it was over metzelder read out a partial confession in court i obtained incriminating images and made screenshots on freely accessible websites i exchanged extreme fantasies in chat rooms i accept the punishment and ask forgiveness from victims of sexual violence i will have to live with this guilt as part of society for the rest of my life met selda had a successful playing career
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a daughter and childcare in germany and rail madrid in spain he also played 47 times for germany but legal experts say the fact he avoided a prison sentence has nothing to do with his celebrity status. for. possible by law not to be seen as a preferential agreement because he is a public person when you provide this is intended to speed up proceedings in particular when evidence is imparting conclusive. met tell the ses he'll be handing back the order of merit of the federal republic of germany that he received from president. and other awards. he say's he doesn't want to discredit them for future holders. china has to call module of its 1st public space station a rocket carrying the module blasted off on the 1st of 11 missions needed to complete. their crew the station when finished it will rival the only other
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continuously. that's the international space station. that's up today's world news for you at the top. of it 19 special is next for the day. the fight against the corona virus pandemic. as the rate of infection in developing . the latest research. information and contacts. w. . do you feel more of the planet.
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on the green. and to me it's clear to me. the solutions are out there. join me for a deep dive into the green transformation for me to shoot for the pounds. maybe it's a pill. or a spray. a liquid medicine. an easy and safe treatment to target sars cough to. it would be given immediately after diagnosis ideally it's available over the counter in a pharmacy a cheaper antiviral tablet with bearable side effects we have fraxinus we even have
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drugs that help with the most serious symptoms of covert 19. in the hunt for drugs scientists are exploring many different treatments. but where are we in the search for a pill. good question welcome to our current night in special i want to johnsonville and good to have you with us and wouldn't it be wonderful if we could just pop a pill in covert 9000 would be nothing more than a nasty cold science is working on a variety of therapies but it's somewhat slow going. how do you switch off the coronavirus render it harmless german scientists co-write therapeutics set themselves this task a year ago 12 months later they seem to have achieved their goal. most drugs currently in development target mild cases of cold in 1000 illnesses i. once our drug is special they designed to cure serious illnesses as well. into.
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their research and initial clinical tests which have been running for a few days were primarily financed by private investors and government funding from the state of lower saxony. but now the company needs more funding. to deal of course we want to be ready to meet market needs and our goal is to get the emergency approval by the end of the year. then we would have to produce in sufficient scale that we can supply patients with the necessary medication. currently the german government offers funding of $50000000.00 euros which is split between several companies. this compares with over 740000000 euros in funding for vaccine research. we need tens of thousands of volunteers for testing that's what costs a lot of money and where you simply need larger sums. by money. when you
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vaccinate healthy people you need a lot more healthy people then when you're testing a drug that is targeted at the sick. bike. recently however the federal government appears to have rethought the issue and further funds have already been announced. we lost many many months because the financial resources were simply not available for the drug developers we can no longer afford to keep wasting time. therapeutics says it needs 50000000 euros to reach the emergency approval stage german government funds won't be enough for this so the biotech start up has been speaking to international investors. now antiviral treatments attack the virus and stop it multiplying but the virus doesn't find fair using our own cells to reproduce and finding a treatment is difficult at the best of times let alone during a pandemic. so far the only antiviral drug approved for the treatment of covert 19
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in germany is ramdev severe studies show a 33 percent reduction in the duration of the illness. there are other treatments being developed. american pharmaceutical giant marc is working on a similar drug called new pair of air and pfizer has also started human tests on an antiviral drug. if the immune system overreacts in a later phase of the disease steroids such as dex the methods own come into play it's the cortisone the curbs the immune system in germany 2 decks of methods own is used in severe cases it is when the patient receives additional oxygen. there are also preparations for antibody treatment which helps prevent symptomatic infection to drugs from us pharma giants general health former us president donald trump. antibodies are also found in the blood plasma of recovered covert 1000 patients
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there affected pans on the severity of the illness and how long ago it was germany's public health body the robert cock institute says deployment in severe cases is possible. needham state a man is a senior id physician of the department of infectious diseases and raced through tory med since at university in berlin as a very good to have you with us especially because you are now offering the use of clonal antibodies in short in a b. or mab in the so-called cold map outpatient clinic in berlin what exactly does this therapy offer. well we offer treatment with one of the 2 available lonoke no on the antibody product. these mono clone a n t e buddies taka s. protein off the r.s. cough to virus and they have
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a potential to prevent. the progression to cvo d.g.'s and elevated symptoms and limit the progress in patients with maya to moderate cold but these particular the we know that in those who have not developed yet. in the genus antibody response we know that there is potential that these patients benefit from this kind of therapy and who are these patients that are actually illegible to benefit from it is available to everyone. well. there are some criteria which we look at to. find in the right patients. we look for patients who have new or positive tests so we. need a. test p.c.
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our reside which is not older than 72 hours. to provide. that security that we only treat patients in the early course of infection. and we know cross certain risk factors in the patients. which are for example age or immuno. suppression for example are purely patients who are on x. to shimon therapy because our. cancer. patients who are are going transplant patients and therefore of immunosuppression are candidates for the treat men and other patients for example who have received medication or just qadri took similar patients who suffer of aids are candida.
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people with down syndrome are patients kidney. failure patients patients on chronic hemel dilates is patients with obesity it with a c.v. . elevated body mass index of over 35 example and you probably have to probably you probably need to go to your own g.p. and basically prove that you are one of those patients who who actually can get through this kind of treatment but could this therapy also help prevent an infection. well there are some. preliminary results showing that it could prevent infection but the results from randomized controlled trials are not published yet so we do not use it as a prevent shoot that say as opposed to expose or prophylaxis when you assume infection so we so far only use it for patients with approach an infection in
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which we use their p.c. our results are not of course i have to remind you that we're all dreaming of a simple cure or as we said in the beginning of the program a pill a spray something like that to help us through infection how realistic is that notion. oh well of course that's what we are dream. so we do not agree have anything read the clothes coming up closely for example just appear of course as the trial's going on and we're looking for treatment options but so far there is no serious single pill for example. which we can hope to be done for future easy treatment of the stadium and from the sharia to influence thank you so much. let's get back now to the root off
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our troubles and that of course is the virus and its variants time to hand over to eric. is it possible that the same variance a rose independently without travel in different places. the answer to this touches on one of my favorite evolutionary concepts called convergence it's basically the idea that when different species face similar environmental pressures in different places then nature can come up with remarkably similar solutions to cope with them a good example of convergence is for instance the the protective spines that are embedded in the skin of both porcupines and hedgehogs the trait didn't arise just once in a common ancestor and then get passed down it evolved independently in both species because a spiny outside is clearly
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a good defense against predators if you're small and slow and just want to be left in peace to each of leaves and then sets viral genomes also change constantly and it happens a lot faster than with animals because by iris is replicate so quickly and abundantly the vast majority of those changes will be neutral or even harmful but a tiny number of them will give a virus an advantage for example a mutated gene might change the spike proteins on its surface in ways that allow the virus to slip into cells more easily and because the source code be to genome is is actually pretty small the chances of specific identical mutations like that occurring in different places at different times. it's actually fairly high so we are seeing some of this sort of genetic convergence but because
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variants also collect many other highly individual mutations as they evolve genetic sequencing still allows us to tell them apart. very william's there and he'll be back again tomorrow to on some more of your questions just post them on our covert 19 you tube channel for now that's all for this edition of out a good night in special thanks for watching. in
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the. climate change. or so for 6. years today how far future.
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africa. could turn.


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