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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  April 15, 2021 8:30pm-9:01pm CEST

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neil. agrees. and to me it's clear. the solutions are out there. join me for a deep dive into the green transformation from a booth for the. vaccines are turning the tide but they're not without risks especially for women they've been re cases of blood clotting even fatal ones leading some governments to slow down back to nations we have today. with. each delay puts more lives at risk as the corona virus spreads it's a balancing act between speed and caution in the fight against covert 19. the
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risk of dying from cold it is much higher than getting a blood clot from a vaccine but even more concerning is a new report from oxford university that shows catching the corona virus puts you at even more risk of a deadly blood clot in a moment we'll talk to a vaccine scientist at johns hopkins university 1st this report. astra zeneca. vaccine has hardly been out of the headlines since last december in till now it's been instrumental in the success of the u.k.'s vaccination program but from now on its use there will be restricted to those over 30 years of age there have been worries in the european union about its effectiveness and potential side germany initially restricted its use to under 60 five's now berlin is recommending it purely for over sixty's those worries were compounded by several cases of a rare thrombosis type following astra zeneca vaccinations some of them fatal. the
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european medicines agency in amsterdam felt it was time to take a stance on the job its director stressing that the benefits of the antiviral agent far outweigh any risks. this vaccine has proven to be highly effective if it prevents if severe to fifty's and hospitalized patients and it is saving life so vaccination is extremely important in helping us in the fight against cope at 19 and we need to use the back scenes we have to protect us from the devastating effects scientists have been investigating the reports and circumstances of the throne both seize britain's medicines and health care regulator agency says 20000000 doses of the astra zeneca vaccine had been at ministered by the end of march with $79.00 cases of thrombosis later reported 19 of which were fatal the cause is thought to be a rare immune reaction most of them presented some 2 weeks after inoculation there
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are no apparent risk groups such as age or sex several countries like germany france and canada have tightened restrictions on the use of astra zeneca as covert 19 vaccine others have suspended it totally waiting for the e.m.a.'s verdict it has now recommended the continued unrestricted use of the astra zeneca jab regardless of any rare cases of thrombosis. so mixed messages there about vaccine safety to unpack this let's bring in coastal kolaches a vaccine scientist an infectious disease physician at johns hopkins university in baltimore maryland. so let's start with astra zeneca as as we heard that's being given to more than half the adults in britain and is credited with saving tens of thousands of lives i gladly take it but authorities here in germany and other countries are blocking its use and offering no time the alternative isn't that in itself putting people's lives in danger. so when you have
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a pandemic that's out of control and we have let the curve it maintain pandemic then any facts then you have to weigh the risks and benefits of any available preventive such as a vaccine or treatment and for the astra zeneca vaccine it has been shown to have saved millions of lives that already and so the the potential benefits might outweigh any risks now there are some very serious risks associated with it in very very rare circumstances and i think i think each country but also each individual needs to be able to weigh that risk benefit equation for themselves to decide whether or not they're willing to take that risk for the potential for the protection against the virus when you have a vaccine that's available and that's not being used people can die and that's something that each each government and each person needs to weigh and this isn't
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only a problem with astra zeneca we've now got johnson and johnson 6000000 immunized in the united states and yet it's on hold because 6 people may have had side effects isn't one in a 1000000 an acceptable risk level during times like these. so i think that the equation in the united states it's a little bit different because we vaccinated so many of our high risk individuals are ready and we have 2 other approved vaccines that are that are more available than johnson and johnson vaccine even is and i think where is europe has been gathering information about the astra zeneca vaccine for several weeks we are just starting to learn about any potential risks associated with the johnson and johnson vaccine and so i think the pas is to gather that information to truly understand what that risk is is it one in a 1000000 or is there something higher is it even associate is the class that we
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saw it with in those and fortunate women associated with it and so i think the. pas is appropriate while we gather that information and make a decision about the risk benefits but i think in places where there is the virus is increasing in terms of the transmission and there is no alternative vaccine that it should be seriously considered to use this vaccine while bag data is being gathered. in the u.s. the calculus is a little bit different because we do have to opportunity vaccines and don't seem to have that same risk the strange thing though is that and this is what will get many people especially women worried about this is that those people affected by coding were women in a certain age group and it's been a similar profile for astra zeneca as well so why is it being blocked for everyone or everyone under 60 or so. i am that is probably due
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to a logistics and programatic issues but also because while we're gathering that information we need to understand better what that risk is and who truly is at risk while the majority of people who have been affected so far seem to be women there were men in europe who have had this unusual rare blood clot hammon there was one man in the trial in the united states who had this unusual but clyde occur and so we need to gather that information and understand the process better and who truly is at risk to be able to. maybe target the vaccine to people who are at lower risk but you know it's interesting that you see it because there is a lot of adverse events from vaccines that seem to particularly affect women and especially women in their productive years and that's probably because our hormones are different then in the pre imposed reproductive period and also from men and
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that may put us that many of us have an advantage or a benefit but they may also put us at. some increased risk from the adverse events if you look at the anaphylaxis cases that are happening after the m.r.i. a vaccines in the united states a vast majority of them are happening in women as well. so there's just there's a difference in the biology between men and women that we're just are you stand can go as far as saying that vector back seeings could be the problem in terms of the clotting that's been seen exactly. for terms of adverse events in terms of recording and or adverse events. so each fact seen is going to have it it's different adverse events he tried seem to have form has different kinds of adverse events that happen and so for the better vaccines especially for
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astra zeneca potentially fatal for johnson and johnson as well it looks like clotting may be an increased risk factor. that we didn't see with the m r n a vaccines and in the united states over 100000000 people have now been vaccinated with at when added to emanate vaccines without the same sort of signal that we've seen with the with the with the at with the at the various factions but this nest hasn't necessarily been seen with other ad no various facts scenes in the past so we need to better understand what is happening and i think that this pause allows scientists and researchers to really dig deep into each of these cases to better understand what's happening and also to understand the mechanisms a little bit better has been fantastic having you on the show explain to us what all his means because of a lot of johns hopkins university thank you very much for being on the show today. you very much take care whatever the risks of vaccines are here to stay for now
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more on that from jericho years. will we only have to be vaccinated once or will we need regular booster shots. once again the straightforward answer is we don't know yet but a lot of experts do think it's very likely that even fully vaccinated people will need booster shots in the future there are a couple of different reasons why that might become necessary the 1st involves the fact that the vaccines we're using now have been approved for emergency use because they were safe and the vast majority of people have gotten them and also extremely effective at least in the short term but we still don't know how long that effectiveness on average will last don't forget it's been under a year since the very 1st subjects and trials received their 1st shots but based
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on what we know about naturally acquired immunity to the disease and what we know about other coronaviruses the general expectation among immunologists appears to be that most vaccinated people will remain largely immune to covert 19 for at least 6 months and likely retain at least some immunity for a year or 2 assuming the virus doesn't mutate faster than we think however nearly all the experts i've read now also say that down the line variants of sars tovey 2 will change enough that we'll have to modify current vaccines at some point so the companies that make them are already in trials looking at possible ways to prolong back scene induced immunity and
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a lot of those trials will involve giving test subjects booster shots of tweets vaccines. from williams i've been fizzling thanks for watching stay safe and see you again sir. do you like it. or do you want to see a. coach k. then put the pedal to the metal family let's ride. on t w. we have an important news. smoking
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this show a film that's making a splash understand all of its lead actor will take a closer look at one of the contenders for this year's best film also coming up. that. take on old traditions turned a postman living in a backwater town into an internet sensation. and how often talk over is capturing everyday life in germany during the coronavirus pandemic. welcome to arts and culture it's award season and in 10 days time is the biggest of them all the oscars sound of metal is nominated in 6 categories including best actor and film it's inventive use of sound design gives hearing audiences an insight into what it might be like to go deaf the film's main character is a musician who like beethoven loses his hearing in the prime of his career.
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heavy metal drummer reuben stone is in the middle of a talk when it happens suddenly he can't hear anything anymore. frustrated then he panics. and then comes the diagnosis. your hearing is the curating rap with. the film by darrius mada lets the audience hear exactly what that means. rubin disregards his doctor's advice. to come back to learn louis just keep going on all the milk and see what it's like ok i'm going to be michael could track you completely mean.
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it was quite an intensive process you know just on an emotional level was very voice scripts very small and. broke something really really heart rending and so just going to that place on an emotional level was was quite involving and then of course there were these technical elements to the role as well. riz ahmed says he 1st had to learn to play drums for the role but this isn't really the story of a musician it's a very sensitive film about people with hearing loss. trying to save one life. through those people who are no can be they are cruel place. there is movement still some of the biggest lessons for me on a personal level i guess learning about deaf. immunity understanding that deafness
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is a disability for people is a culture so a way of being in the world. we can learn a lot from you know i always say deaf people have best listeners other than listening isn't just about you you is about your attention focus your energy. the charge of sound of metal takes on a new and surprising meaning in the film's final act this is a remarkable movie in every way riz ahmed has won several acting awards he could add an oscar as best actor in a leading role that would make this actor with pakistani parents the 1st muslim to win in that category. and good luck to him and life in lockdown has been a challenge for all of us but as they say every cloud has a silver lining some people have discovered new talent or no existing ones the subject of our next report was a postman living far from the bright light before his tiny take on traditional
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music made him a star. but see there. was a simple rhythm and a centuries old melody has changed nathan evans live forever. well a man is a sea shanty evan's rendition of this maritime work song has earned the scotsman a spot at the top of europe's pop charts. and just we hope. that's because until recently nathan evans was a postman in the town of airdrie glasgow in his free time he'd uploaded videos of him self performing pop or folk songs to tick talk at his followers request he started covering sea shanties like leave her johnny.
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late last year evans landed a surprise hit when his version of the new zealand whaling song soon made the well and come went viral. that i expect every great. song that would bend the charts and all. this song made a big splash and soon the internet was flooded with people singing well a man during the corona pandemic the sea shanty clearly touched a nerve as it tells of the moaning that said see what. they called all in the digital age the internet community has taken the place of abode quit using tick tocks duet function virtual sailors courses have sprung up all across the globe. even prominent musicians like us violinist
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lindsey sterling and british guitarist brian may have gotten. up in the shanty crazy. i was speechless when i phoned the brain made joined and. i enjoyed we're both joined. by a lot like seeing all these people to see shanice and join in and it's just incredible . i would never imagine that this was going on. with a recording contract in his pocket nathan evans quit delivering mail to concentrate on his musical career he's currently working on his 1st album and eventually hopes to go into. much.
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and in the studio with me is my colleague adrian kennedy quite a remarkable success story they adrian arctics talking instagram wheels creating a new generation of music stars yes indeed perhaps the most famous example of the power of these short form video platforms came about a few months back you possibly remember fleet foot max in 1000 seventies which dreams really entered the pop charts after. nathan aqueduct was a video of himself writing his long forth while lip sinking to the song went viral mick fleetwood of the band joined in the fun he said with 6600000 followers on tech talk ok so he's an internet celebrity but how often does an online singing star break out and transfer that success to the music charts not so often the short form video platforms are more something that can give a song old or new uses lip sync to it they share the videos they invite other
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people to make videos using that same. song for launching a career perhaps the best option is you tube still making a cover version is a very good way of getting attention on chariot based sisters callahan and cassandra starr armstrong uploaded a version of hallelujah just a month ago. and hallelujah they've got $5000000.00 hits they've got the attention of the industry you can now buy a song on i tunes and spotify the rest is up to them i suppose and i think that might be the hardest part but it's not just people who can become stars right no talented animals can apply to meet chico the parrot from the you tube channel frank mario chico and the man that zeros version of a cd sees
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a whole lot of love has not stopped 2000000 viewers for speculation. asshole or lots of war and exactly what the internet was possibly made for magri with the idea where it does look as if the parent has found their vocation great chatting to you as ever a.j. thank you. now we've all had our own responses to how the world has changed over the past year german photographer nolting saw it as a call to action he just finished his studies when the 1st knockdown hitch undaunted he took up his camera and journeyed 9000 kilometers across germany capturing the transform nation of daily life as it happened. a man dressed up for carnival alone injured. musicians playing in a few. a church service in a drive in cinema. with
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a dog i was interested in seeing what way society would find to cope with the situation. since march 2020 talk of for. his travels some 1000 kilometers to document life in a country under state of emergency trying to cope with the coronavirus through a measured approach nolting has titled his project measure and middle. daughter mum's museum of art and cultural history has now bought some of his photos for its permanent collection. said she would be in favor of proceeding in a measured moderate way and that's a good description of the german political style in recent years and maybe also feeling that god has successfully through the 1st wave 25 year old somewhat reserved photographic style is perfectly suited to capturing the atmosphere in
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a country keeping its distance. he set out right after completing his photography degree capturing moments and capsulated the crisis. empty makeshift hospitals during the 1st lockdown in germany. beaches during the euphoric summer a few scripts trick shots intensive care units at full capacity photographing with low contrast. and in high definition high tends to documentary style scenes making farm workers and right wing protesters seem like figures than oil paintings nolting also photographed artists such as organist cameron carpenter seen here at one of his 1st streamed audience less concerts and berlin's concept house. is that i think it was a pretty tense situation for him because it was a very different way of performing about this i really enjoyed it because i noticed how much i missed going to concerts and being able to enjoy life music. i had
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thought of. it is a musical life who. no matter how long dependent continues in my noting wants to keep taking photos until the coronavirus no longer a place a mole in society it's likely to be a long term project. it's so important to document the times we're living through let's hope one day those photos will serve as a reminder of what we collectively overcame don't forget to check out our website. thanks for watching arts and culture tear off.
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to the point. clear position international perspective. russia's military buildup on the border to ukraine is the margins were unfortunate an exaggeration of crimea the u.s. and europe are urging russia to step down russia ukraine crisis what does putin want to find out how much to the point. london 30 minutes on d w. are you ready for some great news i'm christine wonderland on the eyes on the edge of my country with a brand new d.w. news africa this show that tackles the issues shaping the husband's car with more time to off on an in-depth silcox all of the tram stop caught up to you what's making the hittites and what's behind them away on the streets to give you in-depth
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reports on the inside w. news africa every friday on g.w. . belonging to an official estimates more than 1200000 venezuelans have in colombia legally and illegally. already. returned to vast land. visit friends i don't think i'd ever go back there to live you know what i live there again i don't know so i'm not sure. global news that matters. made for minds.
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this is g.w. news from berlin tonight the u.s. secretary of state makes an unannounced visit to afghanistan and to be bleak it was in kabul today afghan officials on plans to withdraw all u.s. troops by september the surprise stop came just hours after u.s. president biden announced plans to end america's longest war also coming up tonight thousands of images to tell the story of the pandemic but this touching photo captures what has been a dramatic here.

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