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tv   Frag den Lesch  Deutsche Welle  April 15, 2021 4:00pm-4:16pm CEST

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the book. this is your views life from berlin reassuring a nervous ally the u.s. secretary of state makes an unannounced visit to afghanistan and new blinken arrives in kabul to brief us on officials on president joe biden's plans to withdraw all u.s. troops by september and bring an end to america's longest war also on the program demonstrators remember the hundreds of people killed since myanmar's military takeover in february this as security forces opened fire on protesting health workers and doctors said declare
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a humanitarian catastrophe in brazil with a record of covert $900.00 death rates and chaotic mismanagement as the pandemic pushes millions more into poverty we meet those living on the margins who are worried about starvation as much a sickness. and 2 years after a devastating fire rips through a not good down cathedral presidents day many when my call to visits and declares world is on track and almost halfway done. on little rock a very warm welcome to all of us secretary of state anthony blinken has made an unannounced visit to of got a stand after president joe biden confirmed that all american troops will leave. by
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september 11th when mr blinken said his visit was to demonstrate america's on growing commitment to the country he told the afghan president i should have a fanny that the partnership is changing but the partnership itself is enduring a mr heinies said he respects the citizen and expressed gratitude for the sacrifices made by the u.s. troops in. afghanistan at a critical juncture the fate and rights of afghan women are in the balance according to some we can talk to but durrani she is an education activist and the director of a learn an afghan non profit that advocates for children and women and she joins us i believe now from khandahar. probably. do we have missed the santa. barbara is the mining is a teacher at
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a private school in the afghan capital kabul this is her dream job but now she fears her career and indeed her entire life are under threat. to. the whole to do they told us not to go too far from our homes what will happen when the foreign troops leave our country it will be especially hard for women we won't be safe even within our own 4 walls. i don't think those are. from the outside nothing much about life in kabul appears to have changed. but is people digest the news that u.s. and other nato troops will finally leave afghanistan there is growing concern. over that worrying situation and people believe that if the foreign troops leave the country there will be a civil war from the south both of them are before them or. much of the
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anger here is directed at the taliban which nato forces had hoped to beat into submission. instead the islamist group now controls large areas of the country. either hostile myname our demand to the taliban is to come and make peace with the afghans and government absolutely. but many here are also pointing the finger at nato troops who've been on afghan soil for almost 20 years. before troops came here we didn't have any problems with their lives if the u.s. military pulls out people will be able to unite again and see peace restored you know a. peace though looks alone way off afghanistan's security situation is dire many like teacher parvana as a money now fear things will only get worse. and afghanistan as you saw there at a critical juncture the fate and the rights of afghan women in the balance
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according to some we can talk now to. is an education activists and the director of learn an afghan nonprofit that advocates for children and women and she joins us now from kandahar it's a privilege to talk to you thank you for taking out the time how much uncertainty would you say to young women like yourself a today face as a result of this for drawl before a peace settlement has been reached with the taliban. i think you could have been me i would like to start with the fact that a year or 2 there is a women right now one of them a few people a few of the have passports to have and they can leave whenever they want and then positions they have bullet proof cars and stuff like that but then there are people like us who don't have passports who are just turning the few jews who are still settling down on our planet and for us if we don't want to go back to being and if you don't want to be seen as the lepers in other countries right and we don't have that options of that as promised on and off on is not only each and feeling. it's
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at that point at that critical line one feels like abandoned and at the same time you feel like you know who we see. that he sacrificed just for like you know something big just like that you you have you have found at this organization learned this non profit that advocates for children and women i understand you are all of 22 years so accomplished during most of your life time the taliban have not been officially in power do you fear that the dark days of the taliban could return when women were banned from public life girls from going to school give us a sense of how you and women like yourselves are feeling. i'm like let's start with my grandmother lived she she died we going for afghanistan to be peaceful so she could return right the same goes for my mom and the singles for my father who died
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dreaming of afghanistan and now when it comes to us we hope that it becomes peaceful but at the same time i don't think. it's possible if it one has to leave everything and it's like a premature pullout there is no surety that it is going to shoot in since i don't think that there would be something that would let you know that can insure us if you want is talking about all interests and nobody's talking about the women the young women who don't even have a seat in all of this the young women who are already scared and have. the young women who don't i sense a feeling of abandonment is that correct i mean i defer to your to you of course do you feel a sense of about it because of the sort of course of the council you know many women educators health care workers politicians people like yourself do you feel abandoned now by the international community and by the americans particularly. of course i do i mean i study at the american university of afghanistan it's my last
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year i'm a senior and i'm in this yes i want to be something i am the 1st graduate in my whole community in my whole district and that would you getting more than 100 people and not all of us would and the international community wants to pull out without any assurance that the people who are left behind will even get education when the guys in my community become hope in the future or we're going to die because of my damn heritage and are going to die because of because women cannot go out and seek maternal margaret mr gear it's something that i feel abandoned and it seemed i don't know if i'm going to be excepted and i'm going to be 3rd in that new afghanistan that is in the meeting right now but of course what needs to happen is of that interim government peace process needs to be put on track and now it is up to the people of afghanistan to ensure that the women are protected it's not just the international community's responsibility. yeah i guess like it's up to the afghan people who have to have a c but then at the same time in the last 2 decades how many afghan how many actual
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ruler of times have you heard from everyone you see on the t.v. including myself we are somehow privileged because i have access to internet i have existed electricity and i am see it in my house today but then i have people to do go in says especially the southern afghanistan there are under taliban control they know how to exist or drinking water they never had exist do education are a basic services how are we going to teach out of them and how are they going to meet should act as a country and afghanistan that is in the making is like actually going to accept them it's actually going to give them the service that the all had the right in the past 2 decades so it's yeah it's the afghan people but what which kind of a plan b. but i'm talking about is it the foreign know that have the passports and i mean yes dictating our policies is it that you are now right now if you use are is it the people in the front of the levees elect my community who don't have seen the whole process so how do you see the future in conclusion for girls young women
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of afghanistan. i mean that for starters i would see that yes it's hopeless but at the scene time we have come along we women are more educated right now women are more brave right now and in the past the men didn't give up there were many evolutionary women back in there he did work for afghanistan and we work with the refugee camps and i guess the scene will go you i mean like yes there is a very you know not so much talk but at the same time women right now are very strong and i feel like you know it could be if this time everyone abandons us at least we will be there for each other so that that's one hope that i have. any education activists and the director of learning afghan on prophet that advocates for children and women when the women have got to start all the best. for among the nato troops who will leave i'm gonna stand by september are more than
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a 1000 german soldiers germany provides the 2nd highest number of troops on the ground after the united states they offer training and support to the afghan security forces earlier this year in germany agreed to extend its military deployment because of the worsening security situation when the us led forces pull out so will the german contingent. and earlier i spoke to were thomas silver warren he is the state secretary in the german defense ministry and a member of parliament for chancellor merkel's conservative bloc we asked him if germany's mission in afghanistan has been accomplished. well 1st of all of the core military go to the ploy troops of coniston was to avoid future threats for us from afghan soil this core military goal has been accomplished but the political goes beyond this military perspective of course have not been fully achieved and it's
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remained so the question of for the political leaders for all actors in afghanistan how to find to reconsideration to a peaceful development to new elections and to stabilisation in this society which is suffering for 4 decades already from civil war. thomas syllable in a speaking to the news earlier well let's take a look now at some of the other stories making headlines around the world. u.s. president biden's administration has announced a new round of sanctions against russia including the expulsion of 10 russian diplomats this is in response to interference in last year's presidential election as well as the backing of u.s. government agencies russian foreign ministry the russian foreign ministry rather has condemned the sanctions. germany and the u.s. are backing calls for russia to halt its troop buildup along the border with ukraine kiev says moscow has sent thousands of soldiers to the front here there are
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fears the 7 year conflict between russia and ukraine could flare up again. security forces in myanmar have arrested one of the main leaders of the campaign against military world it comes after the army reportedly opened fire on medical workers who were taking part in a pro-democracy protest in the city of mandalay hundreds of people have been killed and many more injured since in a military coup in february overthrew the elected government well this week marks myanmar strategical new year festival but instead of celebrating many are opting to continue their protests. they should be celebrating the new year festival of 10 john instead they're marching against a coupe that's ok. that's true that saw the overthrow of their elected leader aung san suu kyi and replaced it with
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a military dictatorship. my. thought process me and ma protest is holding flowers are using this week as a rallying cry. but they know the risks security forces roam the streets. dissent is quickly and brutally stamped out. just ask these people ling current state forced into hiding in paves after the military film tech carried out as strikes in their region. the military seems intent on intensifying its pitiless policy of by and against the people of myanmar using military grade and indiscriminate weaponry. more than 700 people have died since february according to a local monitoring group. but that hasn't stopped
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the protest is as they continue their fight for freedom. and the u.n. security council has stopped short of considering sanctions on myanmar because both china and russia are against it well earlier we spoke to political scientist if your heart sounds schneider and i asked him if these threats of sanctions is pushing me and mark closer to china i mean i might is in china's arms even without this military coup it would be closely connected to china but the problem is what else could we do we could condemn it equips to step of sanctions and this leads us to this old and familiar debate about sanctions sanctions do have effects but most of the time as we can see in russia and in many other cases they do not have the intended effects they had created for so i would have my doubts whether strong words from western countries even military economic sanctions would really show.

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