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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  April 9, 2021 12:30pm-1:00pm CEST

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stonemasons builders architects compete with each other. this is called massive churches or create a. contest of the fields stores school d.w. . whatever. the tech fight is widening the united states blacklisting 7 chinese companies it is a building supercomputers for the military get reactions and backgrounds from our correspondent also coming up want to buy a new car well you might have to wait a bit longer because of a drought taiwan and we take you to brazil for the cologne ours and make is leaving half the population with not enough she says. i'm chris colfer welcome to the program the united states has blacklisted 7 chinese companies it accuses of
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building supercomputers for the military the move means that american firms will not be allowed to export technology to the companies without approval it is the latest development in a growing spat between washington and beijing over technology and security supercomputers can be used to develop weapons by simulating nuclear explosions and the trajectory of high speed missiles. yang joins me from taipei for more william what's the word from beijing on all of this. so beijing described washington's attempt to block them from accessing american technology as a phony. national security reason and then they said that the move is only going to push beijing and to become even more determined to develop their own technology and beijing also use their examples to show that even though the united states has been
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trying to stop aging from developing its the supercomputer sector but beijing still has one of the world's most advanced and most developed a supercomputer sector in the world and. the spokesperson of the foreign ministry basically just said that this shows that the u.s. attempt to really contain china is not really working the united states and china have been out of for quite some while for quite a while now what is washington's thinking behind this. so the most clear concern from washington site is definitely the potential capability of china using these super computers to really advance and modernize its military because as we know these supercomputers are potentially able to allow china to extend its reach of its weapons and allow china to hit targets that are further
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away from the chinese mainland and so taiwan and their regional allies a lot of the american interest security interests are right around within the range of the hitting zone if these super computers are allowed to develop at that level so the blockade and the containment is a way for the u.s. to slow down china's f. and spend in supercomputer and military related technology william will china be able to work around the bam. so analysts are worry that one of the worst case scenario for this containment is that it will push china to seek other methods and other partners to continue in the development and modernization of its military and as the chinese government has really hesitated and openly said they are not going to stop the footsteps and so there is a lot of concern that china is already looking for alternatives and we have already
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seen that this is a trend that starts with the trumpet in the stray sion and it continued into the biden administration so it has already given china some time to really look for a work around the end we will not be surprised if china ended up revealing that they have new partners to continue to work on the modernization of its military and military related technologies. william yang in taipei thank you thank you card company is drawn its makers and others have been facing a shortage of vital computer chips for months now some of it has to do with general high demand but surprisingly the weather plays a role as well w.'s joyously has more underground water coming out of the construction site entire city the tankers carrying 25 tons of what each thank god to a ts mc sponsor spot this is how the was not just contract chip maker is softening
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war time for its water intensive production line and that there was dropped in taiwan in 56 years and the rest of us in the central and south region have nearly bottomed out following a rare typhoon free year this rest of our profiles while south of the nearby science pock where the water level is only at 10 percent right now experts say does situation is likely to continue until monsoon season comes in late may. the authorities have issued a rather large industrial uses must cut water consumption by 15 percent and yes i am serious short in a statement that the new restrictions were not a fact operations. turning sea water to clean water the water resources agency boats this emergency desalinization plant in seem to following the drought it generates 13 metric tons of water every day roughly the amount needed for 50000 people to call central vision that it's only 3 percent of
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the total water supply inch in june but it's already a significant proportion of that as sea water is a stable source so we don't have to rely solely on rainfall we built this in just 66 days the containers are mobile we can easily move the plant to places in need in the future. the private sector is also trying to secure was a supply ts and c. supply and see why it's one of that was because producers of chemicals for semiconductors they started recycling i so hope you know alcohol for semiconductor plants last year not only can they used chemical be purified the water it's also recycled 100 percent and used in their own factory. semiconductor plants used to burn the used chemical but that caused a lot of pollution and the water inside would be gone now we collect the used chemical and water filter and reuse it creating
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a closed loop should any semiconductor plants need water we will transported by tanks were changed. but each truck can only deliver $25.00 to $35.00 tonnes of water in comparable with the $15000.00 tonnes you sponte s.m.c. daily. here in germany a top lawmakers has rejected tesla's claim that the country's bureaucracy is slowing down innovation the u.s. and the carmakers says minister do have complications are delaying the construction of its new factory outside of the limb and that germany is a risk of missing its climate targets but in an interview with business daily hundreds a lot of conservative lawmakers bought ice said he knew of no other project where so much had been done to get clearance quickly. let's
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get more of this with financial correspondent chelsea delaney in frankfurt chelsea so all horrible all all hunky dory which is a. well it is true that germany really rolled out the red carpet for a test there was a big effort to route to this to this location and grew in height outside of our lend the mayor hired a special plane to give them an aerial view of the potential location and they were promised really about a 1000000000 euros worth of subsidies for also building a factory near there so they have really gotten a lot of support from the government here but chairman bureaucracy is world renowned for being quite difficult and even tesla has been subjected to this so there have been a lot of environmental concerns about tesla building in this area so that's really why we're seeing it that the delay of this of these processing and these permits for a test. let's take a look at the time frame here
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a tesla once to start producing cars in about 3 months from today is that going to happen. it's looking quite difficult to the has are has already built a lot on this site they were able to get provisional license is that that have allowed some of them to build basically the entire factory there so it is almost finished they already have some machinery in the factory as well but they do need this final this final permanent license they haven't got that they were expecting it sometime soon so for tesla this is really important because. the european and auto market has really evolved since it began building this factory now you have volkswagen mercedes b.m.w. all of these are really racing ahead so tesla does need to get this factory up and running to believe in frankfurt thank you. the staggering statistic 26000000 jobs have been lost in america and the caribbean
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due to the corona virus and that's according to the international labor organization additionally there is a deterrent. in the quality of jobs and there. reduction in household incomes the habits the organization warns the massive loss of jobs will have an impact on the konami and social stability in many latin american countries he calls for ambitious actions to help labor markets to recover this. brazil is one of the countries where the impact of the pandemic has been particularly harsh not only on the job market after year of lax restrictions for the 1st time in nearly 2 decades over half the population does not have enough to eat. this is what life's become for millions of brazilians who no longer have enough to use the virus has led to mass job losses especially in the informal sector which employs 40 percent
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of the workforce. sandra frito leads in after that left today she's got a much needed to donation. when i wake with nothing to ease i kneel down and pray for help. the backdrop to the economic crisis a health system that's on the brink of collapse on one day alone this week brazil recorded more than 4000 deaths from cold at 19. the country is now considered the epicenter of the pandemic medical staff are barely able to cope. after year of the it's very difficult there's no explaining that isn't overwhelmed psychologically shaken you know this situation is a very long time. and the work overload seems very very high.
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interest ember the government stopped its emergency aid program only to replace it this month with a far nowhere value alterna says. president jay or balsa narrow has been defiant in his refusal to impose and national locked out of. africa although it would be easier to just follow the masses going to vote that way people don't accuse you of genocide it's just because we think differently where our cause of the general feel that for the many people like sandra brito keeping the economy open has not proven to be a lifeline with that the help of volunteers her fridge would remain and. it will grow. and here's another look at our top story at this hour the united states has blocked most of the 7 chinese companies to take years of building super computers for the military the move means that your firms will not be abolished whether it's
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for technology to the companies without. the social for knowledge for morgan had ventured to god a website at e.w. dot com slash business or better yet for some social media. thanks for watching over some of the success to. the fight against the corona virus pandemic. has the rate of infection been developing what does the latest research say. information and contacts the coronavirus update 19 specials. on t w. i mentioned how many push pull ups are sold out of right now the climate change different office story. faces watch closely when photos one we.
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come in for. we still have time to. the success. of subscribers and morning is likely. the problem in society we have at the moment every one of the great of making what may happen if we don't do any of. the pandemic has changed life as we know it. but. what comes next. will a fast paced lives pick up again. would we continue to innovate regardless of the cost. live
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lymes profit driven. and globally connected. or has this pandemic sparked irreparable change. how we live in the future after the pandemic. hello and welcome to open 1000 special i'm stephen beardsley in berlin well this week we're taking a look ahead at life after the pandemic from what it means for cities to economies and even nutrition a recent study has linked higher obesity rates with higher cova death rates the world obesity federation report says coppa death rates were 10 times higher in countries where the population was on average overweight further almost 90 percent of coppa deaths occurred in countries with high obesity rates the report calls for people living with obesity to have priority access to vaccines. i mean while the
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pandemic itself has increased hunger and malnutrition around parts of the world take brazil for the 1st time a whopping half of brazilians don't have access to safe and nutritious food that's according to reddy pence on a local food research group lines are swelling by the day at soup kitchens and food distribution points in the country experts say the sharp increase in food insecurity is due to job losses caused by the pandemic. pulling back is assistant professor at the london school of hygiene and tropical medicine and she joins me from london police good to have you on the show what has the pandemic taught us about past choices when it comes to nutrition. has taught us that. that disruption and disruptive events and i lifestyle do lead to changes in the foods that we eat and the choices that we make so initial data shows that people
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certainly have changed my diet in a pandemic for the better and less well for some people that improved by diet some for others and maintained diets west and what exactly that. did it wasn't that because they spend more time at home because it wasn't because other things in a supermarket were on an opera or they had more time to cook their meals for example we don't exactly know yet but diets have certainly changed do you think that some of those obesity rates we mention just previously that that may lead some people to rethink perhaps the way they're eating does it give people time during the pandemic what is it that makes people have a rethink. i think time is certainly an issue there and what might be really interesting is to see to kind of isolate that group of people that started eating better started eating more fruits and vegetables and remember this comes in a. system where or in a world where
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a very small proportion of people actually adhered to sufficient fruit and vegetables and. different guidelines in countries or by the w.h.o. quite a small percentage of hares to do that and you see that in a pandemic the proportion of people have very much increased. consumption of healthy food such as printing vegetables and legumes and reduced unhealthy foods whereas others didn't so what would be really important and kind of a lesson that we can take as you. defend make when going forward in terms of systems and diets but if you check this to see what what are those barriers that were removed by depend forty's people that lead to these improvements of their diets and can we used to learn a little bit of about what sort of leverage points we have in the food system in supermarkets in homes of people in perhaps even the skills on how to cook certain
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foods from from scratch that would remove those various for others as well so that they could improve on their diets this one it sounds like you believe that some of these changed habits whether good or bad could stay beyond the pen to make. yes absolutely i think people certainly and again we're talking a little bit more about the group that experienced in him improvement of their diets. might also be once that kind of got a little bit more in touch with. what they're actually doing on a. daily basis that is less running out of the office going to the supermarket and buy a ready to eat meals and it's more cooking from scratch so you will be more aware naturally how much salt goes in there fats that cetera and and a few more of the unhealthy or don't don't if it's that we eat too much and we also say so yes i guess. i just want to say we've also seen during spencer make that food supply itself has changed what is that meant for nutrition in terms of getting
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fresh food. yeah it's a difference a really important lesson and something that perhaps. some scientists have been warning about for a while but our food system is really quite fragile you see it in the u.k. i'm most familiar with the environment here but south certainly also in other countries and in europe and in fact actually everywhere globally and what we see is that most countries also have. to have stocks for only a few days here very much dependent on other countries one step or disclosed that don't really pose this problem to. the stock supermarkets where for example but we also see that disruption in this case it was a pandemic that it could also be a natural disaster of climate change. rest in the stuff we saw at the sourcing from that that we could certainly need to all of a sudden products not being available in a supermarket or prices going up and especially in fashion fast we do get them
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often from. countries that don't honor a full 2 types of disruption and that could ultimately elite for example to increase the prices of fruits and vegetables in new supermarkets which naturally them which disproportionately affect those that struggle a little bit in buying that daily supermarket was going to so that friendship i'm sorry to say that the break that also has obviously been changing some of the supply lines as well as what to ask how can we better plant food supply lines when we know what we've known from the pandemic and from bragg's that for example are there any lessons there. yes absolutely i think methinks where everything is currently coming from how much of that is for example domestically produced what sort of like a story can stocks do we haven't are there certain pivotal. groups that
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are particularly. vulnerable are non brasilia and in that sense and ways how to inform to consumers but also to producers. about these vulnerabilities and see how perhaps there are some substitutions to make that to make systems much more sustainable and make sure that the supply is resilient really quick because it could mean more growing locally for example instead of importing stuff yeah absolutely and i guess and especially because you know in a more sustainable world we would be looking at improving our. plant based food consumption. so that what we would need to find ways to source these things which gets me locally not to say that trait with. lower income countries are so is about think or say of course that if these depend on export which are. global north as well but certainly looking at ways how to
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minimize the next inanities for your health but also what he or i are meant to be something that we can improve upon or to leave it there pauline show big thank you very much london school of hygiene and tropical medicine. over to our science correspondent now with a question that goes straight to the gut. you hear a lot about the micro biome in health what is it and why is it so important. the term micro biome describes the entirety of the microbial community that inhabits an organism like a human it's made up of a huge number of microorganisms even conservative estimates say that there are more microbes living in or on you then there are cells in your entire body carrying your own d.n.a. but because most microbes are much smaller than body cells if you put every one of
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them in your micro biome on a scale it only way a couple of kilos with with most of the microbes coming from the gut the average human is home to over 10000 microbial species many of which play for example vital roles in digestion and over the last half a century scientists have discovered that the make up and the balance of those species in an individual's micro biome plays a fundamental role in health and can be linked to to many medical conditions just look for instance at a recent large scale study on aging and the micro biome the authors found that in the elderly reduced populations of common bacterial species in the gut were associated with overall better health aging people whose bacterial balance remained
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more static over time didn't live as long on average although it's really tough to clarify cause and effect in a system as complex as as the human micro biome links to both health and illness have been established in fields from from allergies. science to cardiovascular disease to to neurological disorders like like all spotters it'll take a lot more research though to pen down exactly in what ways it's important to specific health issues but many common diseases might one day soon be treated by tweaking a patient's micro biome. or science expert williams there that's it for our show today thanks for watching as always stay safe and we'll see you again soon.
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or.
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drought instead of rainy season in rwanda climate change is threatening harvest a startup is now increasingly yields it's out in forms farmers about the plants water needs. are energy and sure is chief irrigation. climates marked. africa. in 30 minutes on d w. in good shape. no dr foreign wide and
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then you can visit virtually he's just sending his voice and his picture. diagnoses via video chat. back exercises with a tablet. it's even possible to see a midwife online. what are the benefits of digital health care good shit. in 90 minutes on d w. w's crime fighters are back that night africa's most successful radio drama series continues in the only because those are available online and of course you can share and discuss on p.w. africa's facebook page and other social media platforms for crime fighters tune in now.
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their story their very own personal drama. the chesterfield remember played and they share private sort each with us that has never been seen before. playback. starts april 26th on t w. the but
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. this is deja vu news live from berlin sleeping ne and mars violent repression of people targeted by its military rulers are making their way across the border to india but many say the government in delhi doesn't want to have their we ask india's former ambassador to me in march if that is the case. also coming up fears of new conflict in eastern ukraine increased as russia.

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