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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  April 8, 2021 8:30pm-9:01pm CEST

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that tackles the issues shaping the process now with more time to off bought into the little cottage all of the time stuff hostile to you what's making the hittites and what's behind it way on the streets to give you enough reforms on the insights w. news africa every friday on g.w. . the problem in society we have at the moment is every one of the great of making a mistake what may happen if we don't do. the pandemic has changed life as we know it. but what comes next. for fast paced lives pick up again. will we continue to innovate regardless of the cost.
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of live lives profit driven. and globally connected. or has this pandemic sparked irrevocable change. how we live in the future. after the pandemic. hello and welcome to covert 900. 1 this week we're taking a look ahead at life after the pandemic for what it means for cities 2 economies and even nutrition a recent study has linked higher obesity rates with higher cova death rates the world obesity federation report says cova death rates were 10 times higher in countries where the population was on average overweight further almost 90 percent of cova deaths occurred in countries with high obesity rates the report calls for people living with obesity to have priority access to vaccines. meanwhile the
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pandemic itself has increased hunger and malnutrition around parts of the world to brazil for the 1st time a whopping half of brazilians don't have access to safe nutritious food that's according to reddy pence on a local food research group lines are swelling by the day at soup kitchens and food distribution points in the country experts say the sharp increase in food insecurity is due to job losses caused by the pandemic. is assistant professor at the london school of hygiene and tropical medicine and she joins me from london police good to have you on the show what has the pandemic taught us about past choices when it comes to nutrition. and that mike has taught us that. that disruption and disruptive events and i lifestyle do lead to changes in the foods that we eat and the choices that we make so initial data shows
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that people certainly have changed my diet in a pandemic for the better and less well for some people that improved by diet some for others and diets west and what exactly that if they did it wasn't that because they spend more time at home because it wasn't because other things in the supermarket were on offer or to have more time to cook their meals for example we don't exactly know yet but diets have certainly changed do you think that some of those obesity rates we mention just previously that that may lead some people to rethink perhaps the way they're eating or does it give people time during the pandemic what is it that makes people have a rethink. i think dima certainly an issue there and what might be really interesting is to see you kind of isolate that group of people that started eating better started eating more fruits and vegetables and remember this comes in a. system where or in a world where
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a very small proportion of people actually adhered to sufficient fashionables as to different guidelines in countries or by the w.h.o. quite a small percentage of here and you see that in a pandemic the proportion of people have very much increased. consumption of healthy food such as printing vegetables and legumes and reduced unhealthy foods whereas others didn't so what would be really important and kind of a lesson that we can take as you. defend damage when going forwards in terms of systems and diets but if you check this to see what what are those barriers that were removed by independent meant 40 people that lead to these improvements of their diets in can we used to learn a little bit of about what sort of leverage points we have in a food system in supermarkets in homes of people in perhaps even further skills on
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how to cook certain foods from from scratch that would remove those areas for others as well so that they could improve on their diets this one sounds like you believe that some of these changed habits whether good or bad could stay beyond the pandemic. yes absolutely i think people certainly and again we're talking a little bit more about the group that experience than him improvement of their diets. might also be once that kind of got a little bit more in touch with. what they're actually taking on a. daily basis that is last running out of the office going to the supermarket and buy a ready to eat meal and it's more cooking from scratch so you will be more aware naturally how much salt goes in there. that cetera and and if you more of the unhealthy or if extent we eat too much of it we also say yes i guess. so i just want to say we've also seen during spend some of the food supply itself has changed what that
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meant for nutrition in terms of getting fresh food. yeah that's a difference a really important lesson and something that perhaps. some scientists have been warning about for a while but actually it system is really quite fragile and you see it in the u.k. i'm most familiar with the environment here but sad certainly also in other countries and in europe and in fact actually everywhere globally and what we see is that most countries also have. to have stocks for only a few days here very much dependent on other countries once to pour disclosed that that's really poses a problem to. the stock supermarkets for example but we also see that disruptions and in this case it was a pandemic but it could also be a natural disaster of climate change. rest in the that we sort of sourcing from that that we could certainly lead to all of a sudden products not being available in a supermarket or prices going up and especially in fresh polls and we do get them
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often from. countries that are on or a full 2 types of disruption and that could ultimately lead for example to increased prices of fruits and vegetables in new supermarkets which. disproportionately affect those that struggle a little bit in buying their daily supermarket i was going to. i'm sorry i was going to say that the bridge that also has obviously been changing some of the supply lines as well as what to ask how can we better plan food supply lines when we know what we've known from the pandemic and from bragg's that for example are there any lessons there. yes absolutely i think mapping out where everything is currently coming from how much of that is for example domestically produced what sort of like storage in stocks do we have and our guest certain pivotal. groups that are particularly. vulnerable are non brazilian and in
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that sense and if there are ways how to inform to consumers but also to producers. about these vulnerabilities and see how perhaps there are some substitutions to make that to make systems much more sustainable and make sure that the supply is resilient really quick because it could mean more growing locally for example instead of imported stuff yeah absolutely and especially because you know in a more sustainable world we would be looking at improving our. consumption anyway so. that what we would need to find ways to source these things which. locally not to say that trait with. lower income countries are so is it is a bad thing per se of course that if these depend on export which are a global north this well but certainly looking at ways how to minimize the next
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inanities for your health but also for your iron man to be something that we can improve upon what to leave it there pauline show big thank you very much london school of hygiene and tropical medicine. over to our science correspondent now with a question that goes straight to the gut. you hear a lot about the micro biome in health what is it and why is it so important. the term micro biome describes the entirety of the microbial community that inhabits an organism like a human it's made up of a huge number of microorganisms even conservative estimates say that there are more microbes living in or on you then there are cells in your entire body carrying your own d.n.a. but because most microbes are much smaller than body cells if you put every one of
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them in your micro biome on a scale it only way a couple of kilos with with most of the microbes coming from the gut the average human is home to over 10000 microbial species many of which play for example vital roles in digestion and over the last half a century scientists have discovered that the make up and the balance of those species in an individual's micro biome plays a fundamental role in health and can be linked to many medical conditions just look for instance at a recent large scale study on aging and the micro biome the authors found that in the elderly reduced populations of common bacterial species in the gut were associated with overall better health aging people whose bacterial balance remained
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more static over time didn't live as long on average although it's really tough to clarify cause and effect in a system as complex as as the human micro biome links to both health and illness have been established in fields from from allergies. it's to cardiovascular disease to neurological disorders like like all spiders it'll take a lot more research though depend on exactly in what ways it's important to specific health issues but many common diseases might one day soon be treated by tweaking a patient's microbiology. or science expert williams there that's it for our show today thanks for watching as always stay safe and we'll see you again soon.
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for. grappling hooks such. expressing feelings i am not very creative yet but i would love to be considered an artist one day looking for new perspectives. to hey you know we've been replaced breakthrough via canada doing things differently. come to the place where we reflect on society angst. coupon he took. the slip.
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carefully. don't know if your soon. to be a good. actually. discovered. subscribe to the documentary. in many countries education is still a privilege poverty is one of the main causes some young children book in mine shafts instead of going to close and can attend classes coming to the finish and making. ends of children all over the world kids go to school.
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we ask why. because education makes the world more just. make up your mind. w. me for mines. an audience of medical workers in new york being treated to a special concert by the new york philharmonic 13 months after the phil's last indoor performance more signs of life from new york's cultural scene coming up here on arts and culture and also on the show teenagers living the high life together on camera what is the deal with tick tock colab house. and later on rebel fashion
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designer vivienne westwood turns 80 and the idea is just keep coming. but 1st new york city's cultural scene is seeing some glimmers of hope the city's world renowned theaters and concert halls probably won't open before september but with millions of reza. vaccinated against the corona virus some venues are being allowed to reopen and the excitement is palpable. new yorkers are finally getting the opportunity again to pursue one of their favorite pastimes standing in line. i'm really excited for the say to become the city again as we always knew it would it's pretty pretty exciting that you can feel the feel the energy ok they're not actually excited about queuing up but rather that after a year of zoom meetings and elbow bumps they're about to see a live show at one of the city's most iconic entertainment venues the comedy cellar
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in manhattan this greenwich village. comedy cellar has hosted nearly all the trades greats over the decades but like most venues it's been shuttered for more than a year now it's open again but at just 33 percent capacity in accordance with new york's regulations no covert 1000 test is required to enter and neither are masks when seated the club's owner is cautiously optimistic the venue will stay open now for good i don't expect things to turn bad now they're back say he will very very quickly i think it's going to be ok. i hope it's ok and honest and if it's not i hope they'll shut us down again you know they should do what they need to do despite rising case numbers the risk of aerosols and virus variants the comedians in the audience breathe a sigh of relief and yeah there will be jokes about the pandemic. for the comedians for me if i thought it to talk about this stuff. to just say what i was going through and then i think for the audience it's not just. identifying in
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a relating to that is one level and that's huge too but also just being with other people physically being around people around your peers and some social setting that itself is important and gradually there are more and more places for new yorkers to do that restaurants are allowed to host patrons indoors at half capacity most of the city's museums have been open for months and now major sports venues are also welcoming fans again. madison square garden home to professional sports teams like the new york knicks and the new york rangers is open again at 10 percent capacity but to get in you have to have either a recent negative covert test or be fully vaccinated new york has just launched a new app that will help users prove their health status and that authorities say will make it easier for new yorkers and visitors to access venues and activities as a city slowly opens back up as tourists are returning to new york
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a so-called vaccination passport could be an important tool to bring back major attractions like broadway most theaters here are saying they won't reopen until all seats can be filled they're hoping sometime in the fall or winter. but for now it's spring and new yorkers are enjoying their newfound freedom in the sun after a year in isolation this is our 1st day one year coming back to downtown so we are kind of fighting seeing so many people at the station i'm a music teacher oh and that's teaching in person a few days a week. after a year of being on soon and. i don't think i'm ready to see them all over i am going to give a concert in no one there no not at all so it's i'm looking around here my mind just how many people there are i haven't seen this many people in one spot where. scientists are warning people not to let their guard down pandemic they say is far from over if cases keep rising scenes like these quickly again become
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a thing of the past. since the pandemic hit more and more people around 700000000 have been using the social video app tick-tock to show off their dance moves their cats even their politics and for some of them it's serious business many of the app stores are even boosting their reach by living together and pooling their resources the trend started with mansions and los angeles called collab houses short for collaboration and now the trends caught on here in europe too. welcome to the 1st tick tock shared apartment in italy piece take soccer's have lived together since october 2020 stylish milan apartment is their stage and their mission is to produce content for social media 21 year old simona bellini is the
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oldest resident. be we all want to do something with our lives and make our dreams come true mine is to become an actor. but i mean to everyone here has different dreams and ideas we all want to achieve something with. 'd martial arts or acting classes or on the program together they produce short video clips benefiting from each other's popularity to reach a wider audience. 'd the 500 square meter apartment boasts a trendy. dollars in modern design every element is a real eye catcher put in just the right place. once a successful influencer himself it's just simply decides who gets to move in to death house. i got to see it. but i mean that's. who we're prepared to work on themselves and we offer them classes to help them develop personal values. and then pass on those values to their audiences.
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not as teachers but it's here i want to give my day what they've learned to other young people. who perhaps don't have these opportunities. that i got to joining in. their private lives may have taken a backseat for the moment but that doesn't matter. they all want to seize their opportunity here and now. influencers are supposed to talk about crucial topics produce valuable content and teach important lessons so we have a lot of responsibility it makes sense because we have a large audience and we're better able to share important topics ideas and values. we can help our followers. the deaf house influencers may not be paying rent but what might look like a never ending party is actually
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a pretty tough job. to talk as a profession so what's the real story did open your reporter mike a clue goes here to tell us she's been following this trend 1st of all it would seem that these teens are not renting these houses on their own correct me if i'm wrong. we all know that teenagers on take. a lot of money but i think this is a little bit too much there's always a mosque behind it most of the time and. he has always a story or a concert is it going to be about beauty and fashion or is it about gaining. the tickets have usually also big agencies behind them and we don't have just one successful tick-tock a we have a whole group and they of also the deals with the big companies so i think there's
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really enough money and even rianna found that a content house to promotes and do a little bit extra ties ing for her make up products wow ok without really clears things up because you know i've been on the app for a while and i keep seeing these videos of young kids in these really expensive kitchens in these houses in southern california and i've been wondering are they all rich i mean but apparently it's part of a bigger scheme i don't think that then this is fairly rich when they are moving about they going to be rich this is the idea and so maybe we take a look back in the history there was the 1st one the 1st content house was the hypos in los angeles and very soon we saw a copy is all around the globe everything that they are wearing eating drinking playing with us all maybe ever ties and brings in money but the fame is maybe as short as a tick tock would be to you because these these teenagers are now the modern
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version of boy groups speaking of music we've been hearing so much about how to talk influences the music we listen to is that also the case with these houses absolutely right because the music they're chosen for the videos for the lip sing of for every situation these songs go viral and this makes the music industry of course very very happy well i would be happy to if i were the music and history thanks so much mike a group thank you. there are some people who manage to stay young at any age like british designer vivienne westwood from her early days selling pornographic t. shirts to becoming one of the top names in high fashion westward has always done things her way now the doyenne of punk chic is celebrating her 80th birthday still as edgy as ever. it. was.
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a life time of rebellion vivienne westwood makes fashion about much more than just clothes it's. for more than 5 decades the british designer has used her creations as a platform for political activism she's championed causes from wiki leaks to what west would herself has described as a war for the very existence of the human race the battle to save the planet. you so traumatized by the stock of understanding what was going on how it gets on and on a couple of generations billions of people world walnuts we do something now. in 1974 long with coconspirator malcolm mclaren who also managed to confound the sex pistols quest with open the iconic sex clothing store on london's kings road. from here westwood showcased her designs helping set the style for punk and new wave.
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in the early 1980 s. westwood went from punk provocateurs to being britain's best loved fashion designer she famously plundered history for inspiration. many of her ideas were immediately picked up by the mainstream unconventional and outspoken westwood twice earned british designer of the year and was awarded the order of the british empire. by the queen her designs and activism combined to spark cultural change. i mean i just use my fashion as an excuse to say what i think about politically and culturally but i do think that fashion does do something i think my fashion gives you an incredible choice in an age of conformity and it makes you look great and it helps you to express your individuality today at 80 years of age the icon of british fashion shows no signs of slowing down as
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a fellow designer once said video does and others follow. more cards are well for me and the whole arts and culture crew here in berlin thanks for watching for more stories go find us on facebook and twitter at d w culture by for now.
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we can look for. drought instead of rainy season in rwanda climate change is threatening harvest a startup is now increasingly yields it's out in forms farmers about the plants more unaids. solar energy and sure is cheap everything. climate smoked. for. 30 minutes on d w. e coal india. how can a country's economy grow in harmony with its people and the environment when there are doers who look at the bigger picture india a country that faces many challenges and whose people are striving to create
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a sustainable future clever projects from europe and india. on a d w. climate change. the city. is today their future. because cities. could.
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this is news why go from berlin tonight using the power of the executive u.s. president joe biden announces new measures on gun control. going while unst this country is an epidemic the u.s. president moves to heighten some regulations but he falls short of his campaign promises will this be enough to stop the bloodshed we'll bring you the latest from washington also coming up tonight supporters of alexina on the stage a protest outside the penal colony where he's being held and then rewarded with jail time.

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