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tv   Crash  Deutsche Welle  April 7, 2021 4:00am-4:45am CEST

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it's what to do with all our waste so. we can make a difference by choosing smart solutions overstrained said in our ways. google ideas into a series over $3000.00 on t.w. and online. this is g w news and these are our top story the european union's top officials have met with turkey's president in an attempt to improve relations between the 2 sides threats of talking about everyone says he wants to turn a new page in his relations with europe but european commission president or so if i do lie and council chairman charles michel expressed deep concerns about turkey's human rights record. state leaders in india are calling for a wider vaccination rollout as the country faces a staggering surge in coronavirus cases nearly 97000 new infections are reported on
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tuesday close to monday's record high more than half of the total cases recorded in the past 2 weeks have occurred in one western state. diplomats have been meeting in the austrian capital vienna for talks aimed at salvaging the iran nuclear deal european countries are mediating between iran and the united states to try to bring washington back into the agreement that the trumpet destruction walked away from both tehran and washington said that the meeting was constructive more talks are in el scheduled for friday. this is news from berlin you can follow us on twitter and facebook or you can go to our web site that's g.w. dot com. the united states and iran are on the same page when it comes to wanting to revive
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the nuclear deal which former presidents from trying to destroy but how to do that is where the 2 remain far apart no one direct talks began today in vienna non direct as in the arabians and the americans are not even in the same room the germans french and british are shuttling back and forth delivering demands tonight washington in tehran who will blink 1st what if both blink at the same time i'm burnt off in berlin this is the day. that we are neither optimistic not pessimistic about the outcome of this meeting our overarching is to ensure that iran's nuclear program is permanently and verifiably constrained we want the u.s. should return to the comprehensive agreement unconditionally she felt we certainly will not entertain unilateral gestures or concessions to get iran to induce
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iran to a better place. the islamic republic of iran is in turn ready to swiftly return to its commitments upon the verification of other parties fulfilling that commitments cutting down on of iran who will not be able to obtain a nuclear weapon. also coming up the pandemics of purgatives of india the world's biggest producer of coronavirus vaccines now add to that the country where the virus is spreading fastest and the country with $100000.00 new cases in a single day it's i wonder who big in that group and you'd behave yet but to. one could afford to write don't go out of the house and if necessary a white cloth. people collecting in clothes dorms maintain social distancing and never never step out of your house without a mom. and you our viewers on p.b.s.
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in the united states and to all of you around the world welcome we begin the day with iran and the united states and the futile exercise of trying to pick up where they left off before donald trump got in the way it was a campaign promise that trump followed through on as u.s. president he withdrew the u.s. from the iran nuclear deal known as the j c p a way calling it the worst deal ever that was 2008 seems fast forward to the present u.s. president joe biden wants to revive the j c p a way iran apparently is also interested because in direct talks between the 2 began today in austria but the past 3 years with new u.s. sanctions against iran plus iran's uranium enrichment in violation of the deal none of this can be undone or ignored to say that trust is in short supply here would be an understatement to say that washington will lift sanctions 1st as tehran is dead demanding well that still seems to be wishful thinking the europeans find
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themselves caught in the middle and the world wonders how to put the iran nuclear deal back together again we have this report. starting on tuesday delegates in this hotel began discussions on reviving the nuclear agreement with iran envoys from france germany britain russia and china are in talks with iran and acting as intermediaries with the u.s. . iran has high expectations. on state television a government spokesman projects confidence. that he says the talks are a good sign for the future but he says iran has conditions one is that sanctions must be lifted a spokesman for the u.s. state department says they will work to ensure that both sides can return to the agreement usual which but in return for an end to sanctions the u.s. is demanding that iran stop supporting terrorist groups and on the part of the
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united states the international nuclear agreement was put into place in 2015 on the meter understanding there would be no iranian nuclear program and in return restrictions on iran's economy would be eased 3 years later u.s. president trump unilaterally terminated the program for iran the stakes are high the country wants to sell oil again and hopes for an end to economic sanctions. and my 1st guest tonight is an authority on iran u.s. relations in america trita parsi is executive vice president of the quincy institute for responsible state craft he joins me tonight from washington should it's good to have you back on the day the u.s. the u.s. state department just released a statement calling these indirect talks the 1st they help the exercise a healthy exercise in what. it's a healthy exercise in the fullness see at the patience that is required to be able
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to put the j.c. back together it's going to be a very tough journey it's not going to be easy for either side some very valuable time was lost in the 1st 2 months of this year but at least now there is some sort of a process in the making it's not a perfect process it would be much better if the 2 sides talk directly to each other but that appears not like you to have are till there is 1st a plan on how to make sure that the united states can come back into full compliance as well as the. new former us president don't trump torpedoed the deal or tried to when he withdrew the us from a banking 28 team is it safe to say that the ghost of the trump years haunts these and perhaps future talks oh it's not just the ghost of booby traps that the trumpet ministration very carefully put together over the course of the last year and which $1600.00 sanctions were put in place many of them redundant and
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duplicative but they were put there deliberately in order to make it as difficult as possible for biden or any other president to want to return to that adjacent page the sanctions were not meant to be leverage they were not meant to do anything but what they're exactly doing right now which is to make diplomacy as difficult as possible can you give me an example true to what is a sings and that would be extremely difficult for president biden to get rid of. well the process that will make it difficult for instance. earlier on to create sanctions have been calls on the iranian central fact the j.c. fate lifted oh such as those sanctions that sanctions relief and the sanctions were put in place on the 1st time as a result of the nuclear issue trump then when and he reimposed those nuclear sanctions and then he sanctioned the central back again on terrorism grounds and the calculation was that the j.c. returned with only lifted that j.c.a.
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and the nuclear sections and it would not then be able to lift the sanctions if they were imposed on terrorism grouses wisha means that for the iranians no difference whatsoever will be made because the sanctions will still be in place but just on their name and the calculation is that it will be difficult for him to justify lifting sanctions on terrorism grounds mindful of the fact that there has been no negotiations between united states iran on that specific issue let's talk a little bit about the timing of these indirect talks iranian elections are due to take place in june does that please additional pressure on the uranium signs it puts additional pressure on all sides because once the iranians are actually in their election season it's not really going to be particularly possible for that's a negotiating for i have to admit i am a little bit surprised that what we're seeing today actually is taking place because we're already inside of the. election season and usually countries do not
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negotiate important matters like this in the middle of their negotiations certainly deny them in the middle of their election certainly the united states so we're already you know on borrowed time and if we wait for too long that it will be completely lost i know you say the decisions will the real decisions will not be made in vienna but but rather in washington d.c. tell me what you mean with that. what i mean though is that it's very. nice to figure out. what's toughest still is not the final us. thing is to actually fight straight to those things precisely because it means lifting up to 1600 sections many of the terrorism. that is going to be at the political so in some way it's the real action is action to place in washington that's what the real test is to see where that fighting in history has
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the critical and the political capital to get. the quincy institute for responsible state craft truth is always going to have you on the program we appreciate your time and your insights tonight thank you thank you so much. to poot a concrete. 3. people 2 people. now as the president of the european council talking after meeting turkish president. today in ankara the e.u. and turkey are looking to reset their relationship after a rocky year brussels came very close to imposing sanctions on turkey after a disagreement over gas exploration in the mediterranean almost morphed into
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a military confrontation at today's high level meetings and plays a non-corrupt at a time when most talks are held virtually this face to face meeting it underlines just how important a new beginning is for both the e.u. and turkey well after she met with turkey's president the president of the european commission ursula fund a lion spoke to reporters. we are aiming for an honest partnership and that means that a partnership between the you're in tripoli and needles us to strengthen what brings us feel certain but also to be very frame and to address what divides us and today show michelle and i clearly underlined that respect for fundamental rights and the rule of law are crucial for the european union this must be an integral part of our relationship if you must respect international human rights
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rules and standards to which by the way the country has committed itself as a founding member of the council of europe are going to bring in. a fellow with the center for applied to turkey studies at the german institute for international and security affairs she joins me tonight from madrid it's good to have you on the program what do you make of today's talks are we seeing now a positive reset of relations between the e.u. in turkey. well actually it is quite symbolic that we have watched your leaders and crack to date bits i wouldn't be so pasts getting into the coalition that day will be positive reset because i think it is going to do you leaders the ball is in turkey's court right now because to do a live protest that they have announced in the european council means anything like
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saying that if things go well that if the escalation in the east in the training is sustained for example there will be at its end very close to its end on the table if things go bad on the other hand the least of pristiq the measures sanctions is also. on the table i think with today's visit the e.u. has the most rated that it's has each rests in the well functioning relationship with turkey and atlanta on the table but as i sad the bull is on turkey's floor right now what do you make of the used talk of respect for human rights of meat is that just window dressing and at the end of the day that you still needs turkey to prevent millions of refugees from heading towards europe. i think beyond a refugee. egremont between zurich and the european union the turkey has recently been mights treated like a turd country and that is essentially
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a candidate country for a us session so if turkey is procedures that is a 3rd country in the neighborhood i used to look is not necessarily focusing on at the 1st state to its primary states or states on democracy and human rights but it's mainly on operation on foreign policy and democracy but to date exceptionally we have seen. attention to basic liason freedoms both by himself and on the lion and i completed my eyes now that this was the end of the passion that was coming from both from the european parliament some member states and the united states as well let me ask you about that help much has the change of the white house with a new president got how much does it have to do with president airtel one suddenly improve the attitude to dealing with the e.u. . i would say it's sure is. a very key impact because
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i think it has 22 dimensions. had a very personalized relationship and at the end this was not necessarily in line with. the practices and secondly he constantly undermined tom's atlantic relations so both knees diamond says that it did not necessarily support the news attitudes toward stookey now things have changed. on the president biden and i strongly believe that school freighting on turkey is on their it's and up and journalists leaks today they are even say there was a meeting between $10000.00 south and the us ambassador to turkey yesterday night pry into the e.u. this meeting with byzantine knots and this this is something that's that's interesting i'm glad you were able to tell us about that turkey issued a statement we understand saying its long term objective remains membership in the
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european union but isn't this more a case of brussels looking for a framework of engagement which frankly does not foresee turkey ever joining. to be honest rennes and i strongly think that we are big nothing and you framework off the relationship being built in a decent a sneeze weeks months and the exhaustion negotiations framework will be removed from the table when the right time comes i think the new leaders are coming up with this stool approach mainly based on sustainable and good neighborly relations deliberation in these in the training and then the includes carrots economic incentives that is then mentioned high levels i will call on overarching problems like global health or climate change that exact or use different items on the table
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and for me these are the cornerstones these aren't the breaks of the new framework that they are trying to deal between so again the opinion needs it could toy here with the german history for international and security affairs it's good to have you on the program we appreciate your time and your insights tonight thank you thank you very much for having me. researchers from oxford university have suspended a study of the astra zeneca coronavirus vaccine in the young children in teenagers this follows reports linking the back scene to a rare type of cerebral blood clot in adults that you use medicines agency b.m.a. is reviewing reports of brain blood clots forming after people have received the astra zeneca vaccine and announcement of its findings is due this week there have been 44 reports of blood clots in the millions of people who have received the
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astra zeneca shot here in the e.u. . the world health organization adding today that based on the evidence available at the moment the benefits of taking the vaccine still outweigh the risks there was a denial from there being medicines agency concerning the existence of the link what happens is that there are a number of committees right now and regulatory agencies and regulatory authorities looking get the data and new data is coming every day and assessing those data so there's no link for the moment between the vaccine and the really thick events which are mostly to opinion of course it's and the revelation and we wait for some feedback from those communities in the coming days and coming out with. our my next guest is mohamed when you're a viral infection and vaccine expert from lancaster in england it's good to see you again good to have you on the for gram this evening researchers from oxford
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university they have palls the trial of the astra zeneca vaccine in children what does this tell us is the evidence the vaccine does kohls blood clots is that evidence mounting up now. thank you very much for having me on the show once again i think that the pause has been absolutely for cautionary reasons at the moment there isn't any data on to the trial in children that dictates that it has some association with the blood clots but so far no information has come from the m. and shortage of regulatory body in the u.k. but my anticipation is that because the link is getting more and more deeper into a particularly from the data in jeddah many so i think it would be very difficult for us as an it guy to hold on all of the pressure they are having at the moment on to the association and safety of the vaccine so when the british prime minister boris johnson for example says that the astra zeneca vaccine is safe to use is he
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saying something that is probably no longer true. well i think it depends actually there we can textural eyes it because for example if we look on to the safety of the vaccine and it's benefit worse is there is cost to go in $1000.00 yourselves in additively people's people more than 60 years older than certainly it has a safety profile and it has much more value compared to if we consider contributing to or saving lives in the younger age so safety probably would be ok in order rate and that's what i am expecting from the statement from him and also from their w. had showed that this vaccine would that it be more categorized into an older age application than into the younger age but that is really a good thing in the phenomena that we have a vaccine that could be applied in other age groups yeah that's true i mean we're very fortunate that we have a choice of vaccines in this pandemic you say that astra zeneca vaccine remains the if it still outweigh the risks what are the criteria that regulators take into
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account when they decide whether or not a vaccine is safe to use. this is very important and this is a relatively a complex phenomenon to be assessed by the regulatory bodies to safety of this vaccine because we are talking about millions of people who have been vaccinated and all of these people would have one or other kind of other do not take the disposition or physical or environmental events in a different location so that is a massive and colossal amount of that that need to be analyzed before any particular statement need to be made but one simple criteria that kind of be done in the back of the envelop is really to look into that or the blood clotting. people who has been reported before the implementation of the vaccine is different than what has been offered the implementation of the vaccine and if we put those number into the context definitely it doesn't seems to be any association of the article or particularly into the older bro but as we move into the younger bill
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there is an association and that is. that the whole regulatory bodies the the w.h.o. the european medicines agency you know they say that aster's it is vaccine is safe to use it adults but there are some national medicines authorities that have restricted it to certain age groups like here in germany not being given to people under the age of 60 why do you think this vaccine is being treated differently to the others that have received approval. well brant if we really look on to this vaccine come back scenes from the beginning this has been the vaccine that have been issues the most among all of the front runner this is the vaccine the only that seen that been posed to times during the clinical trial and this is the one that having an association with the blood of blood and i think this is the at 20 cation and this is really a testament that our health care system to improve for the safety and efficacy is working because whenever there is any association don't leave it also shows and any
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other vaccine is linked that the procedure is to pause and to look back into that act of retrospectivity and analyze and bring it to reality and currently standing it seems like that link is real and that is going to be a challenge. in moving forward moving forward it we know that the astra zeneca vaccine was planned as a workhorse in the vaccination efforts for the entire globe it's also one of the cheaper vaccines that if you take it out of the equation which is that appears where we're headed what does that mean then for vaccinating everybody on the planet i think it would be a major blow into the whole a vaccine complained but going to be speaking about the european union as foreign and $1000000.00 has been ordered and the euro itself has been really behind the curve in vaccinating and if you take $400000000.00 out of the vaccine supply i don't think that any european union countries would be able to claim that they would achieve the herd immunity to
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a given target in june july and same is that given the cool x. facility call that is being contributed by astra zeneca lexeme much more than any other vaccine and if this is taken out of the cool x. between the low and middle income countries would definitely not have access to 20 percent of the population of egypt has agony to give them by the end of this year while many are as always we appreciate your time in your insights tonight good to see you thank you thanks for having me. well meanwhile in india state leaders are calling for a wider vaccination rollout as the country faces a staggering surge in corona virus cases nearly 97000 new infections are reported today hovering near a record high of 100000 set on monday. hospitals across india are seeing an influx of patients with covert 1000 and they're turning up in record numbers the rising cases is leading medical experts to warn that this wave could be stronger than the 1st with new variants reported from south africa brazil and the u.k.
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big enough of a 6 giving positive for the same level but not. because of the single person in the family. is because the. majority of cases are in the state of my home to india's financial capital mumbai nearly 60 percent of all of india's new cases were found here in just over the last 2 weeks curfew is now in place with tightened lockdown restrictions and it's being welcomed by some. of the lockdown is imposed that at least people will stay home safe and the current virus will be under control. the government has issued almost 80000000 vaccines it hopes to inoculate 300000000 people by the end of july and last week it opened its vaccine drive to those over 45 years old. but the
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coronavirus hasn't stopped politicians running for regional elections gatherings continue in several states doctors say not enough is being done to contain that risk and warns that cases may be loon in the coming weeks. the pandemic in india or the day is almost done with the conversation it continues online you'll find us on twitter in the news or you can follow me i've brant go off t.v. and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see you then of course.
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we are all in this together it was the slogan on social media back when the corona pandemic started. the around the world it is since then become clear that the full are suffering the most odd economic inequality in the maurice the to reinforce each other. on g.w. . i'm afraid. dreamt instead of rainy
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season in rwanda climate change is threatening harvests. a startup is now increasingly fields it's out in the form of farmers about the plants water needs and solar energy and sure is cheap irrigation climate smart eco africa. in 60 minutes on d w. in many countries education. still a privileged poverty is one of the main causes some young children working mine shafts instead of going to class others can attend classes family after they finish a game. of children of the world who have to go to school.
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we ask why. because an education makes the world more just. make up your own mind. d.w. make for minds. welcome to global 3000. this week we focus on one of our world's biggest problems inequality societies where the gap is huge between rich and poor and where many people are being left behind and that was the full the pandemic we go to indonesia which due to the coronavirus lockdown is currently in the midst of a baby boom it's making life tough for many mothers. and in the face of this
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rising inequality we ask what can be done about it and discover that we can lead a lot from europe why. in many societies today there's a sharp divide between rich and poor between those who have and those who don't and despite living in the same country these different groups often feel little connection to each other. this gap in. escaping. it's having the effect of pulling us apart. the numbers say it for themselves the world's richest 10 percent own 83 percent of global wealth. and the wealthiest one percent owns an amazing 44 percent of global assets.
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nor is there much hope on the horizon. in many countries the global pandemic has widened the gap between rich and poor around half of the world's 3300000000 workers have either already lost their jobs or are at risk of doing so. for unlike in thinkers it goes without saying that all people are morally equal but that appears naive or even cynical in light of the vast and enduring inequalities between rich and poor in countries around the world when the coronavirus pandemic erupted it was often claimed that it hits all social classes equally hard some politicians and celebrities even went so far as to claim it would help promote equality in society a bathrobe clip from madonna is just one example.
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but is that true. no certainly not think of a single country with is in user. account going to want. that would mean the richest lose and the poorest are least affected what we see is the exact opposite. of public health researcher richard wilkinson studies the social and health effects of income inequality. what has been happening during and because of the pandemic corresponds to a central thesis of a book he coauthored. the spirit level published in 2009. life is much shorter in lower social class and in britain if you take the richest and poorest 10 percent you find 10 year difference in life
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expectancy. sometimes. the biggest social injustice in modern societies. are human rights abuse in countries with high levels of social inequality the rates of covered 19 infections and deaths are also high the gini index is a measure of income inequality south africa and brazil are both very high up in the rankings meaning they have some of the highest rates of inequality according to this measure the united states has one of the highest rates among developed nations the virus has hit especially hard. ellen works in berlin for oxfam an ngo that focuses on alleviating poverty worldwide. the pandemic has hit in the world that was already characterized by massive inequalities driven by the climate crisis and poor working conditions but.
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our analysis shows that the pandemic is merely making preexisting inequalities even more extreme and hits the poorest the hardest the tough and learned. what makes countries marked by extreme inequality so vulnerable more vulnerable than even some of the least developed countries it seems one contributory factor is the interaction between rich and poor the 1st person to die of covert 19 in rio de janeiro was a 60. 3 year old domestic worker. she caught it from her employer a very wealthy woman who had been infected with the virus in europe and passed it on. there are many such stories domestic workers that contract the virus and introducer to their families and neighborhoods where it can cause devastation.
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and. the living at very close causes drives infection among people who have no way to protect themselves. there is still into action between rich and poor households which also spits the virus the difference is that the rich seek medical treatment while the poor often don't or can't statistics show that the poor have been disproportionately hit by the pandemic both regard to their health and their opportunity to earn a living according to the gini index south africa is the world's most unequal country millions of daily brewers found no work at all for weeks on end during the lockdown many others also lost their jobs. hungry and angry people took to the streets to protest. with looking at years of calling our way back to where we were and we were already in quite a bad situation with regard to the labor market. and.
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so it's just very very scary for for the structure for the for the list skilled south africa. the world bank estimates that covert 1000 could push as many as 150000000 people around the globe into extreme poverty and there's no evidence that the disease is an equalizer not even in developed nations. in the wealthy and knighted state more and more people are so desperate that they're lining up for food donations. obvious 1000 is being likened to a next friday. revealing fractures in the fragile skeleton of the societies we have built while we are all floating on the same sea it is clear that somebody in super yachts with others are clinging to the thing debris. what can be done to reduce inequality some scholars say governments around the world need to introduce a minimum wage implement affordable health care for all raise tax rates for the
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wealthy and jane tech companies which are doing great business in the pandemic and affirm the importance of the welfare state. i see one good thing possibly resulting from the crisis that the state and its actions will be less discredited with what is the both is a state supposed to do right now we don't want big grand projects ever got nothing to do with empowering people so what the pandemic has made very clear is that if people have basic rights in prayers to quality health and quality education and the ability to actually do their best as individuals that's also the key surely. empowering yourself is a very to cope with or. even if governments and societies commit to reducing inequality it could take decades to achieve significant progress some
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inequality scholars say even now individuals can make a difference less self-seeking more solidarity and empathy with others the pandemic may have brought out the best in many people. i think as well as reducing the differences in the short term we have to do things about. trust and understanding a more equal that is more cohesive more public spirited more concerned with. home in a different way. the current pandemic will not be the last crisis the world faces but what seems clear is that more equitable societies are also more resilient in many ways and thus better prepared to face the future. and this resilience is far more than just
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a theory finland for example bastes one of the narrowest gaps between rich and poor in the world and so far it's managed to navigate the pandemic fairly unscathed in fact now whether a new country has such low infection rates. finland's government headed by prime minister son of mary in places great emphasis on welfare policies. in south america to one country has proved exemplary cheering the coronavirus crisis year ago i we headed back to find out more. this year has been a stressful time for the. family in montevideo guillermo was born 2 weeks after the start of the lockdown in itself a joyful occasion but they couldn't share it with anyone that won't get any help because christina del process and her husband martine along with the children had
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to go into quarantine there was a suspected case of covert 19 and their circle of friends. they have with them in the boat also it was terrible for us i wouldn't know because the grandmothers couldn't come no one follows all my brothers no one could come and the baby it was really tough i mean we gradually were they allowed to visit us at home. the following months were full of uncertainty as you're a great went into lockdown on a christina works this is psychologist and noticed the strain on her patients. it was a constant climate of fear there was a threat that you had to protect yourself from. something that was eating away at your. door when i saw all my patients who worries. most of them or younger people or you might have thought they would just go with the fly out again how is it going but now they struggle just.
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now 7 months later the world looks very different the borders between europe and its neighbors are still closed but the small country is so far doing well with less than $100.00 deaths and only a few 1000 cases overall although infections have now risen sharply again schools and universities closed for a few weeks in the spring it was the same for shops. but now the streets are busy again many people voluntarily wear masks in public there's still a need for caution but there is also an obvious sense of relief that things are not worse than they are the mood is also upbeat at the pasture research institute when the pandemic started in march they were able to respond immediately with nationwide testing the testing kits came from these laboratories they say the approach taken by the government helped. i think one of the big advantages in poor guy
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compared to other countries was that both the president and just coronavirus team were good supported our scientists right from the start of so that the scientists were then able to make decisions in good time. and i also think that is one of the few countries worldwide with an integrated health system where everyone has the same rights when it comes to medical treatment we're going to. have made. for decades europe way has invested in its welfare state and that appears to be paying off now in the crisis the country is home to around $3500000.00 people poverty is definitely an issue in some areas and impossible to overlook in the capital still the mayor of montevideo is proud of the city and says here too everybody has access to health care. why i would have why has transformed its public health service over the past 15 years now in this emergency it's exactly
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this system that's playing a huge role. in this video has the best health service of any city in the whole of latin america. i mean you've got to do you know. your equates former president jose mohican is one of those credited with reducing the gap between rich and poor during his 5 years in office he simply known as paper here. he was president until 2015 and invested heavily in health education and social welfare now 85 years old he agreed to give us an interview in his garage but it elements have a certain level of prosperity allowed us to develop a social democracy. here for a moment that has shaped the entire country. not only structurally and materially but also in terms of our way of life. we are now
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a country known for its tolerance where people are very civilised in their dealings with each other but also when there are differences of opinion or economic crises are going to only go personally i think it's one of the best places to be in the whole of latin america part of there may be going to be in. back to the deal brought my own family they've been enjoying meeting regularly with relatives and friends again so what do they think is the secret of europe ways relative success in this crisis so far apart from the good political decisions they think the country just got lucky to a certain extent. perhaps it's a different mutation of the for.


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